J. C. (John Claudius) Loudon.

The different modes of cultivating the pine-apple, from its first introduction into Europe to the late improvements of T. A. Knight, esq online

. (page 1 of 12)
Online LibraryJ. C. (John Claudius) LoudonThe different modes of cultivating the pine-apple, from its first introduction into Europe to the late improvements of T. A. Knight, esq → online text (page 1 of 12)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


B 3 313 70S



1! f * LIBRARY

U.V ~J itailfllfftlll



Just published) in 22 Volumes^ 18 mo.

SOLD TOGETHER Oft SEPARATELY,

AN

EASY COURSE

OF

DOMESTIC EDUCATION;

COMPRISING

2. &eneg of dlemewarp 'Creative**

ON THE

VARIOUS BRANCHES OF JUVENILE INSTRUCTION ;

TOGETHER WITH ADVICE TO PARENTS AND TUTORS FOR CONDUCT-
ING THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN :

Designed for the Use of Families and Schools.



BY WILLIAM JILLARD HORT,

AUTHOR OF THE NEW PANTHEON, &C.



LONDON:

PRINTED FOB-
LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN,

PATERNOSTER-ROW.



PARENTS and others who have wished to conduct or superintend the education of
children, have often been discouraged by their inability to plan a suitable course of
studies for their young pupils, and by the difficulty of selecting, among the mul-
titude of school-books, those which possess the greatest merit, or are best adapted
to their respective objects. The design of this publication is to supply such per-
sons with the best directions on these points, and to afford them the means, without
any further assistance, of undertaking and carrying on the instruction of young
persons with pleasure and success. It has been the anxious endeavour of the
author, to comprise, within moderate limits, and in a uniform and connected course,
all the essential elements of a respectable education. The series of treatises which
he here submits to the public judgment, cannot fail, if carefully studied, to convey
to the young student a large body of important information ; and will, it is be-
lieved, be found fully sufficient to qualify him to perform, with satisfaction and
credit, the various duties of any station in which he may be placefl in life. In
case,Jfeowever, it should be desired to pursue the education of some pupils fur-
ther. -th;yi those volumes extend, some additional books have been pointed out with
that^rie'w : a classed list has also been added of the most approved works on the
several subjects of science and literature, forming, altogether, a valuable library,
from which the teacher, or even the learner himself, may easily make his choice of
those which are suited to his particular objects or pursuits.

The



-n
;



The COURSE OF DOMESTIC EDUCATION comprises the following

Works, which are sold together or separately :

i.

ADVICE to PARENTS and TUTORS, for conducting the EDUCATION of
CHILDREN. Price 3s. half-bound.

2.

A FIRST SPELLING-BOOK ; intended to lead the Pupil, by an easy and gradual Me-
thod, to a correct Pronunciation and Accentuation of the English Language.
Price 1*. 6d.

q

INTRODUCTORY ENGLISH READING-BOOK, intended to give easy Lessons in
Reading ; to convey useful Information ; and to inculcate good Principles. 2*. 6W.

The ENGLISH READING-BOOK, in Prose. Price 3s. 6d.

The ENGLISH READING-BOOK, in Verse. Price 3*.

An INTRODUCTION to ENGLISH GRAMMAR. Price 2*. 6V.

EXERCISES for the ILLUSTRATION and ENFORCEMENT of the RULES of the

ENGLISH GRAMMAR. Prices*.

8.
The KEY to EXERCISES for Illustration and Enforcement of the Rules of the

English Grammar. Price 2*.

An ENGLISH SCHOOL DICTIONARY of SELECT WORDS, with their Meanings
affixed, intended to be committed to Memory, as well as for Reference in Reading
and Writing. To which is added, a List of the principal Heathen Deities of Greece,
and of other Pagan Nations, and a Selection of Scripture Proper Names. 2s. 6d,

10.
An EPITOME of the HOLY BIBLE. Price 2s. 6d.

11.

INTROCUCTION to GEOGRAPHY, Modern and Antient, and to the Use of the
Globes. Price 2s. 6d.

12.
An INTRODUCTION to ARITHMETIC. Price 2s. 6d.

An EPITOME of UNIVERSAL HISTORY*. Price 4s. 6d.

An EPITOME of the HISTORY OF ENGLAND. Price 2s. 6d.

15 and 16.
A GENERAL VIEW of the SCIENCES and ARTS. In 2 Vols. Price 8s.

17.
An INTRODUCTION to NATURAL HISTORY, with numerous Wood Cuts. Gs.

18.
An EASY GRAMMAR of the FRENCH LANGUAGE. Price 4s.

19.
EXERCISES adapted to the Grammar of the French Language. Price 3s. 6d.

20.
KEY to the FRENCH EXERCISES. Price 2s. 6d.

21.

ELEMENTS of FRENCH CONVERSATION, including familiar Phrases and easy
Dialogues, each Subject being preceded by a Vocabulary. Price 2s. 6d.

22.

Le NOUVEAU LECTEUR FRANCAIS, a 1'Usage des MSres de Famille qui veulent
instruire leurs Enfaus, et de tous ceux qui sont engage's dans les ecoles. Price 4s. 6Y/.

Complete in 22 Volumes, in a Case, 3/. 13s. 6d.

Also, by Mr. Hort,

The NEW PANTHEON; or, an Introduction to the Mythology of the Ancients, in
Question and Answer. To which are added, an Accentuated Index, Questions for
Exercise, and Poetical Illustrations of Grecian Mythology, from Homer and Virgil.
In 18mo. The Fifth Edition ; considerably enlarged, by the Addition of the Ori-
ental and the Northern Mythology. With 17 Engravings. Price 5s. 6d. Bound.

An INTRODUCTION to the STUDY of CHRONOLOGY and ANCIENT HISTORY,
in Question, and Answer. In 18mo. Price 4s. Bound and lettered. The Second
Edition.

INTRODUCTION to MODERN HISTORY, from the Birth of Christ to the present
Time, in Continuation of an Introduction to Chronology and Ancient History.
In 2 Vols. 18mo. Price 10s. 6V/. Bound and lettered.

* From these little volumes the juvenile reader may obtain a clear and useful Com-
pendium <j4iMQ(lern and Universal History ; they are creditable to Mr. Hod's
industry and' juotment, and deserve attention from persons concerned in eduea-
tion." Moiimlu Review , 'slug, 1320,



m



This Day is published,

Complete, in One large Volume Svo. of 1500 pages, closely printed,
1 Price 21. 10s. boards,



AN

ENCYCLOPAEDIA

OF

GARDENING;

COMPRISING THE

THEORY AND PRACTICE

OF

HORTICULTURE, FLORICULTURE,

ARBORICULTURE,

AND

LANDSCAPE-GARDENING ;

INCLUDING

Sill tfie latest 3mpt0&emew0>

A GENERAL HISTORY OF GARDENING IN ALL COUNTRIES

AND A STATISTICAL VIEW OF ITS PRESENT STATE,

WITH SUGGESTIONS FOR ITS FUTURE PROGRESS. IN THE
BRITISH ISLES.



BY J. C. LOUDON, F.L.S. H.S. &c.

AUTHOR OF
" A TREATISE ON FORMING AND IMPROVING COUNTRY RESIDENCES."



ILLUSTRATED WITH

SIX HUNDRED ENGRAVINGS ON WOOD
BY 23R4NSTON.



PRINTED FOR LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN,

PATERNOSTER-ROW, LONDON.




1 HIS Work is by far the most complete body of Gardening ever
eci||* ns cont^ping^ll difcMiite 1 L
i fines of





2

tural Societies, and all other Improvements both foreign and
domestic up to the present time; and, considering the great
number of Engravings and the immense quantity of matter it con-
tains, it is, perhaps, the cheapest book ever published. It is cal-
culated by its Indexes to serve both as a Gardener's Kalendar and
Gardener's Dictionary ; it contains a copious Introduction to Botany;
engraved plans and elevations of all manner of hot-houses, orna-
mental buildings, kitchen gardens, flower gardens, shrubberies,
pleasure grounds, and parks ; of many curious fruits and flowers ;
of all the garden implements, utensils, and machines. Besides the
culinary, fruit, and flower gardening, and the laying out of grounds,
it treats of trees, planting, forest management, nurseries, market
gardens, and botanic gardens ; of gardeners' societies, and lodges ;
of the duties of head gardeners in every situation and servitude,
from that of the tradesman's town garden, of a few poles in extent,
to the first rate gardens of the nobility, including public and royal
gardens ; it treats of the improvement of the taste of the patrons
and employers of gardeners ; of the education of young gardeners,
and the general conduct of a gardener's life : in short it is of itself
a gardener's library, and contains more matter than the four folio
volumes of Miller's Dictionary.

No work is so well fitted for being presented by a gentleman to
his head gardener, or by a head gardener to his deserving
apprentice.



Preparing for Publication,

AN

ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF AGRICULTURE,

In One large Volume, 8vo.

ILLUSTRATED WITH

NUMEROUS WOOD ENGRAVINGS

BY BRANSTON.

*** This Work is on the Plan of the Encyclopaedia of
Gardening.



EDINBURGH REVIEW

OF

BOWDLER'S FAMILY SHAKSPEARE.

No. 71. October, 1821.



ART. III. The Family Shakspeare. In Ten Volumes I c 2mo.
In which nothing is added to the Text; but those Words and
Expressions are omitted which cannot with Propriety be read
aloud in a Family, By THOMAS BOWDLER, Esq., F.R.S. &
S. A. Price 3/ 3s. London. Longman and Co., 1818.

WE have long intended to notice this very meritorious publica-
tion ; and are of opinion, that it requires nothing more than a
notice to bring it into general circulation. We are not ourselves,
we confess, particularly squeamish about incorrect expressions and
allusions ; and in the learned languages especially, which seldom
come into the hands of the more delicate sex, and can rareJy be
perused by any one for the gratification of a depraved taste, we
have not been very anxious about the dissemination of castrated
editions ; but in an author of such unbounded and deserved popu-
larity as our great Dramatist, whose volumes are constantly in the
hands of almost all who can read of both sexes, it is undoubtedly
of great consequence to take care that youth runs no risk of corrup-
tion in the pursuit of innocent amusement or valuable instruction ;
or rather, that no offence is offered to delicacy in the midst of the
purest gratification of taste.

Now it is quite undeniable, that there are many passages in
Shakspeare, which a father could not read aloud to his chil-
dren a brother to his sister or a gentleman to a lady: and
every one almost must have felt or witnessed the extreme awk-
wardness, and even distress, that arises from suddenly stumbling
upon such expressions, when it is almost too late to avoid them,
and when the readiest wit cannot suggest any paraphrase, which
shall not betray, by its harshness, the embarrassment from which
it has arisen. Those who recollect such scenes, must all rejoice,
we should think, that Mr. Bowdler has provided a security against
their recurrence ; and, as what cannot be pronounced in decent
company cannot well afford much pleasure in the closet, we think
it is better every way, that what cannot be spoken, and ought not
to have been written, should now cease to be printed.



We have only farther to observe, that Mr. Bowdler 1ms not exe-
cuted his task in any thing of a precise or prudish spirit ; that he
has left many things in the text which, to a delicate taste, must still
appear coarse and reprehensible : and only effaced those gross
indecencies which every one must have felt as blemishes, and by
the removal of which no imaginable excellence can be affected.
It is comfortable to be able to add, that this purification has
been accomplished with surprisingly little loss either of weight
or value ; and that the base alloy in the pure metal of Shakspeare
has been found to amount to an inconceivably small proportion.
It is infinitely to his credit that, with the most luxuriant fancy
which ever fell to the lot of a mortal, and with no great restraints
from the training or habits of his early life, he is by far the
purest of the dramatists of his own or the succeeding age, and
has resisted, in a great degree, the corrupting example of his
contemporaries. In them, as well as in him, it is indeed remark-
able, that the obscenities which occur, are rather offensive than
corrupting and seem suggested rather by the misdirected wan-
tonness of too lively a fancy, than by a vicious taste, or partiality
to profligate indulgence ; while in Dryden and Congreve, the
indecency belongs not to the jest, but to the character and action ;
and immodest speech is the cold and impudent exponent of licen-
tious principles. In the one, it is the fantastic colouring of a
coarse and grotesque buffoonery in the other, the shameless
speech of rakes, who make a boast of their profligacy. It is owing
to this circumstance, perhaps, that it has in general been found easy
to extirpate the offensive expressions of our great poet, without
any injury to the context, or any visible scar or blank in the compo-
sition. They turn out not to be so much cankers in the flowers,
as weeds that have sprung up by their side not flaws in the
metal, but impurities that have gathered on its surface and that,
so far from being missed on their removal, the work generally
appears more natural and harmonious without them. We do not
pretend to have gone over the whole work with attention or even
to have actually collated any considerable part of it : but we have
examined three plays of rather a ticklish description Othello,
Troilus and Cressida, and Measure for Measure and feel quite
assured, from these specimens, that the work has been executed in
the spirit, and with the success which we have represented.

Mr. B. has in general followed the very best text and the work
is very neatly printed. We hope, however, that the publishers will
soon be encouraged to give us another edition, on a larger letter. *
For we rather suspect, from some casual experiments of our own,
that few papas will be able to read this, in a winter-evening to their
children, without the undramatic aid of spectacles.

* The Publishers beg to say the hint is taken, and that they are
printing a handsome octavo edition^ for the accommodation o/'papas,
le the smaller edition may continue to please their younger friends.



AUGUST, 1822.

WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED,



BY



LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN,

LONDON.



1.

TRAVELS IN THE INTERIOR OF SOUTHERN AFRICA.

By WILLIAM J. BCJRCHELL, Esq.

With an entirely new large Map, numerous coloured Engravings, and

Fifty Vignettes, from the Author's original Drawings.

In4to. Vol. I. Price 41. 14s. 6d.

Mr. Burchell's Researches in the Interior of Africa, during five years, over
4500 miles of ground, besides numberless lateral excursions, in regions never
before trodden by European foot, have produced a multitude of discoveries and
observations which have never until now been laid before the public.

2.
THE PRIVATE AND CONFIDENTIAL CORRESPONDENCE

CHARLES TALBOT, DUKE OF SHREWSBURY,

Principal Minister of King William for a considerable Period of his Reign.

By the Rev. ARCHDEACON COXE.

In 1 Vol. 4to. Price 3/. 3s. Bds.

Also, by the same Author,

MEMOIRS of the DUKE of MARLBOROUGH. 6 Vols. Svo., and
4to. Atlas. Price 51. 5s. Boards.

HISTORY of the HOUSE of AUSTRIA, from 1218 to 1792. 5 Vols.
Svo. Price 3/. 135. 6d. Boards.

HISTORY of the BOURBON KINGS of SPAIN, 17001788. 5 Vols.
8vo. Price Si. Boards.

MEMOIRS of SIR ROBERT WALPOLE. 4 Vols. Svo. Price
21. 8s. Boards.

MEMOIRS of HORATIO, LORD WALPOLE. 2 Vols. Svo.
Price 11. 6s. Boards.

3.

TRAVELS IN GEORGIA, PERSIA, ARMENIA,
ANCIENT BABYLONIA, &c. &c.

DURING THE YEARS 1817, 1818, 1819, 1820.
By SIR ROBERT KER PORTER, &c. &c.

Vol. II. which completes the Work. In 4to. With numerous Engravings of
Portraits, Costumes, Antiquities, &c. &c. Price 41. 14s. 6d. Boards.

Also may be had,
Vol. I. Price 4/. 14*. 6*. Boards.



4t Works printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown.

19.
BODY AND SOUL,

CONSISTING OF A SERIES OF LIVELY AND PATHETIC STORIES.
Calculated to excite the attention and interest of the Religious World.

Contents : The Town Rector. Philosophical Painter. Merchant's Fa-
mily. Sick Penitent. Unitarian. Clerical Conference. Lunatic Asy-
lum. Liturgy. Assizes. Athanasian Creed. Sea Captain. Domiciliary
Visits.

In Post 8vo. Price 1 2s.

20.

THE HISTORY

OP

THE DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM,

AS CONNECTED WITH THE SCRIPTURE PROPHECIES.

By the Rev. GEORGE WILKINS, A.M.

Domestic Chaplain to the Earl of Kinnoull, Vicar of St. Mary's in the Town,
and of Lowdham in the County, of Nottingham.

In 8vo. Price 10*. 6d. Boards. The Third Edition.
21.

TRAVELS IN THE INTERIOR OF BRAZIL;

WITH A PARTICULAR ACCOUNT OP THE GOLD AND DIAMOND DISTRICTS.

INCLUDING A VOYAGE TO THE RIO DE LA PLATE.
By JOHN MAWE, Mineralogist.

Second Edition. Illustrated with coloured Plates and a Map.
8vo. Price 18s. Boards.

22.
THE REMAINS OF HENRY KIRKE WHITE,

SELECTED, WITH PJREFATORY REMARKS,

By ROBERT SOUTHEY, Esq.
Volume the Third. In 8vo. Price 9*. Boards.

Also may be had,
The first Two Volumes. Price 11. It.

23.

SONGS OF ZION,

BEING IMITATIONS OF PSALMS.
By J. MONTGOMERY.

In Foolscap 8vo. Price 55.

By the same Author,

GREENLAND, and other Poems. Second Edition. Price 8s. Boards.
The WORLD before the FLOOD. Fifth Edition. Price 9s.
The WEST INDIES, and other Poems. Fifth Edition. Price 6s.
The WANDERER of SWITZERLAND. Eighth Edition. Price 6*.
VERSES to the MEMORY of R. REYNOLDS. Price 2s.
POLYHYMNIA; or Select Airs of celebrated Foreign Composers, adapted
to English Words, written expressly for this Work, Price 6s.



Works printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown. 5

24.
LECTURES

ON

THE ELEMENTS OF BOTANY.

Containing the Descriptive Anatomy of those Organs, on which the Growth and
Preservation of the Vegetable depend.

By ANTHONY TODD THOMSON, F.L.S.
Member of the Royal College of Surgeons, &c. &c.

In 8vo. Price 11. 8s. Boards. Illustrated with Plates and numerous
Wood- Cuts. Volume I.

25.
THE DIFFERENT MODES OF CULTIVATING

THE PINE-APPLE,

From its first Introduction into Europe, to the late Improvements of
T. A. Knight, Esq.

By a MEMBER of the HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY.

In 8vo. Price 9*. Boards. With 74 Wood Engravings, exhibiting the best
Plans of Pine- Stoves and Pits.

26.

SKETCHES OF THE CHARACTER, MANNERS, AND
PRESENT STATE OF

THE HIGHLANDERS OF SCOTLAND.

With Details of the Military Service of the Highland Regiments.
By COLONEL DAVID STEWART.

In 2 Vols. 8vo. The Second Edition. Price 11. 8s. Boards. Illustrated by a
Map of the Highlands.

27.
ORIENTAL LITERATURE.

APPLIED TO THE ILLUSTRATION OF THE SACRED SCRIPTURES ;

Especially with Reference to Antiquities, Traditions, and Manners ; collected

from the most celebrated Writers and Travellers, Ancient aud Modern.

Designed as a Sequel to Oriental Customs.

By the Rev. SAMUEL BURDER, A.M.
In 2 large Vols. 8vo. Closely printed. Price 11. 10s. Boards.

This Work, besides a great body of interesting matter selected from the most
important modern Publications, coatains much valuable Criticism from a Work of
Dr. Rosenmiiller, of Leipsig, lately published in German, and now first trans-
lated into English.

Just published, by the same Author.

ORIENTAL CUSTOMS; or, an Illustration of the Sacred Scriptures, by
an Explanatory Application of the Customs and Manners of the Eastern Nations.
In 2 Vols. 8vo. The Sixth Edition, considerably enlarged. Price IL 5s.
Boards.

28.

SELECT WORKS OF THE BRITISH POETS,

WITH BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL PREFACES,

By Dr. A1KIN.

In 10 Vols. Royal 18mo. Price 3^. 10 Vols. Post 18mo. Price 21,
Also in 1 large Vol. 8vo. of 812 Pages, Price 18*. Boards,



8 Works printed for Longman, Hurst , Rees, Orme, and Brotvn

42.
AN ACCOUNT OF CEYLON,

WITH TRAVELS IN THE INTERIOR OF THE ISLAND.

By JOHN DAVY, M.D. F.R.S.
In 4to. With a new Map and other Engravings. Price 21. 13s. 6d. Boards.

43.
ANNALS OF THE

HEIGN OF KING GEORGE THE THIRD ;

BROUGHT DOWN TO HIS DEATH.

By JOHN AIKIN, M.D.
The Second Edition. In 2 Vols. 8vo. Price 1J. 5s. Boards.

44.

PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATION,

INTELLECTUAL, MORAL, AND PHYSICAL.

By the Reverend LANT CARPENTER, LL.D.

In 8vo. Price 12s. Boards.

45.
SYSTEMATIC EDUCATION;

OR, ELEMENTARY INSTRUCTION IN THE VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS

OF LITERATURE AND SCIENCE,

With Practical Rules for studying each Branch of Useful Knowledge.
By the Rev. W. SHEPHERD, the Rev. LANT CARPENTER, LL.D.

and the Rev. J. JOYCE.

Third Edition. In 2 Vols. 8vo. Illustrated with Plates by Lowry, &c.
Pricel/. Us. 6d. Boards.

46.
TPIE PRINCIPLES AND DOCTRINES OF

ASSURANCES, ANNUITIES ON LIVES,
AND CONTINGENT REVERSIONS,

STATED AND EXPLAINED.

By WILLIAM MORGAN, Esq. F.R.S.

Actuary of the Equitable Life Insurance Office.

1 Vol. 8vo. Price 12s.

47.
MEMOIRS OF THE PROTECTOR OLIVER CROMWELL,

AND HIS SONS, RICHARD AND HENRY.
By OLIVER CROMWELL, Esq.

A Descendant of the Family.

With Portraits, from original Pictures.

Secoud Edition. 2 Vols. 8vo. Price II. 8s. Boards.

48.

A SYSTEM OF UNIVERSAL GEOGRAPHY.

By M. MALTE BRUN,
Editor of the " Annales des Voyages," &c.

Parts I. to V. Price 7s. 6d. each.

The Work is to be completed in Seven Octavo Volumes, Five of which have
been already published in the Original, containing 665 pages of letter-press each,
nearly double the quantity of an ordinary volume.

The Translation is printed on fine demy paper, and will be published Quarterly,
in Parts, or Half- Volumes, Price 7$. 6rf. each.



. :



THE



DIFFERENT MODES



OF



CULTIVATING



THE



PINE-APPLE,

FROM

ITS FIRST INTRODUCTION INTO EUROPE

TO THE

LATE IMPROVEMENTS OF T. A. KNIGHT, ESQ.



BY A MEMBER OF THE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY.



WITH

on

EXHIBITING THE BEST PLANS OF PINE-STOVES AND PITS.

LONDON:

PRINTED EOR

LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN,

PATERNOSTER-ROW.

1822.




LONDON:

Trailed by A. & R. Spottiswoode,
N ew- Street- Square.



INTRODUCTION.



A CONSIDERABLE interest has been excited in
the Horticultural world by the experiments
of T. A. Knight, Esq. on the culture of the
PINE APPLE. Our object is to add our efforts
to those of that eminent Horticulturist, in
promoting the culture of that king of fruits.

The means which we consider as most
likely to attain our object, is the bringing to-
gether accounts of all the different modes of
treating that Plant, which have hitherto been
adopted in Europe ; and the sources from
which we have drawn the means, are the dif-
ferent publications which have appeared on
the Pine Apple, and our own observations on
its management, by those Gardeners who are
its most successful cultivators.



IV INTRODUCTION.

The British publications which treat ex-
clusively, or principally, of the Pine Apple,
are :

1767. John Giles, of Lewisham. A Me-
thod of raising Pines and Melons, 8vo.

1769. Adam Taylor, Gardener at Devizes,
in Wiltshire. A Treatise on the Ananas and
on Melons, 8vo.

1779. William Speechly, Gardener to the
Duke of Portland, at Welbeck, in Notting-
hamshire. A Treatise on the culture of the
Pine Apple, and the managemant of the Hot-
house, &c. 8vo.

1808. William Griffin, Gardener to J. C.
Girardot, Esq. at Kelham, near Nottingham.
A Treatise on the culture of the Pine Apple,
8vo.

1818. Thomas Baldwin, Gardener to the
Marquis of Hertford, at Ragley, in Warwick-



INTRODUCTION. V

shire. A Treatise on the culture of the
Ananas, &c. 12mo.

The Authors who have treated on the Pine
Apple, as a part of their general subject, in-
clude nearly all those who have written on
Horticulture since the commencement of the
18th century; the principal are, Bradley,
Miller, Justice, Abercrombie, M'Phail, and
Nicol, in their respective works ; and T. A.
Knight, Esq., and Peter Marsland, Esq., in
the Transactions of the London and Cale-
donian Horticultural Societies.

The Foreign publications on the Pine
Apple are few, and of little value ; because
the Continental Gardeners have never been
very successful in its culture. Professor
Thouin and M. Bosc, are the principal
French Authors who have noticed the sub-
ject, and this only in general works, such as
Hosier's Dictionary, &c. Kirchner is almost
the only German writer who has written on
this fruit, in his Practische Anleitung fur



VI INTRODUCTION.

Gartenkunst, published in 1796, and devoted
more particularly to the culture of the Pine
and the Grape. Some other foreign tracts
on the subject in the Banksian Library are
merely translations from La Cours chapter
on the subject, and from English authors.

The most eminent cultivators of the Pine
Apple in England, at the present time, are,
Mr. Thomas Baldwin, Gardener to the Mar-
quis of Hertford, at Ragley, in Warwickshire;
Mr. William Griffin, Gardener to Samuel
Smith, Esq., at Woodhall Park, Hertford-
shire ; William Townsend Aiton, Esq. Gar-
dener to the King, at Kensington ; Mr. James
Andrews, Commercial Gardener, Lambeth ;
and Mr. Isaac Oldacre, Gardener to Lady
Banks, at Springrove, Middlesex.

A number of other gardeners might be
mentioned, as excelling in the culture of this
fruit ; but the above have been first-rate cul-
tivators for several years.



INTRODUCTION. Vll

On the Continent the Pine Apple is culti-
vated most extensively in Russia ; it occurs
but seldom in France or Germany ; and only
in a few gardens in Italy. It has happened


1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Online LibraryJ. C. (John Claudius) LoudonThe different modes of cultivating the pine-apple, from its first introduction into Europe to the late improvements of T. A. Knight, esq → online text (page 1 of 12)