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J. E. (John Evan) Hodgson.

The Royal academy and its members 1768-1830 online

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1769


1774


1791


1821


Treasurer.


JOHN WEBBER . . P


1752


1775


1785


1791


1793


...


FRANCIS WHEATLEY . P


1747


1769


1790


1791


1801


...


OZIAS HUMPHREY . P


1742




1779


1791


1810


...


ROBERT SMIRKE . P


1752


1772


1791


1793


1845


...


PETER FRANCIS BOUR-
GEOIS (Sir) P


}i756


...


1787


1793


1811


...


THOMAS STOTHARD . P


1755


1777


1791


1794


1834


Librarian.


THOMAS LAWRENCE(Sir)P


1769


1787


1791


1794


1830


President.


RICHARD WESTALL . P


1765


1785


1792


1794


1836


...


JOHN HOPPNER . P


1758


1775


1793


1795


1810


...


SAWREY GILPIN . P


1733




1795


1797


1807


...


WILLIAM BEECHEY (Sir) P


1753


1772


1793


1798


1839


...


HENRY TRESHAM . P


fi749
\ (or
Ii756)


}...


1791


1799


1814


Prof, of Painting.


THOMAS DANIELL . P


1749


1773


1796


1799


1840


...


MARTIN ARCHER SHEE
(Sir) . . , P


}i769


1790


1798


1800


1850


President.


JOHN FLAXMAN . S


1755


1769


1797


1800


1826


Prof, of Sculpture.


JOSEPH MALLORD WM.
TURNER. . . P


}'775


1789


1799


1802


1851


/"Prof, of Perspec-
\ live.


JOHN SOANE (Sir) . A


1753


1771


1795


1802


1837


Prof, of Architect.


JN. CHAS. FELIX Rossi S


1762


I78l


1798


1802


1839


...


HENRY THOMSON . P


1773


1790


1801


1804


1843


Keeper.


WILLIAM OWEN . P


1769


1791


1804


1806


1825


..,


SAMUEL WOODFORDE P


1763


1782


1800


1807


1817




HENRY HOWARD . P


1769


1788


1800


1808


1847


/Secretary; Prof. of
\ Painting.


THOMAS PHILLIPS , P


1770


1791


1804


1808


1845


Prof, of Painting.


NATHANIEL MARCHANT S


1739


...


1791


1809


1816


..


AUGUSTUS WALL CALL-
COTT (Sir) . . P


JI779


1797


1806


1810


1844


...


DAVID WILKIE (Sir) . P


1785


1805


1809


1811


1841


...


JAMES WARD . . P


1769


...


1807


1811


1859


...



APPENDIX II



355



NAME.


Born. Student


A.


R.A.


Died, i Office held.

j


RICHARD WESTMACOTT
(Sir) . . . S


}i775


...


-1805 1811


1856 Prof, of Sculpture.


ROBERT SMIRKE (Sir) A


1780


1796


1808 1811*


1867


Treasurer.


HENRY BONE . . P


1755




1801


1811


1834


.. .


PHILIP REINAGLE . P


1749


1769


1787


1812


1833


...


WILLIAM THEED . S


1764


1786


1811 1813


1817


GEORGE DAWE . . P


1781


1794


1809 j 1814


1829


WM. REDMORE BIGG P


1755


1778


1787


1814


1828 i


EDWARD BIRD . . P


1772




1812


1815


1819


...


HENRY RAEBURN (Sir) P


1756




1812


1815


1823


...


WILLIAM MULREADY P


1786


i8co


1815


1816


1863


...


ALFRED EDW. CHALON P


1781


1797


1812


1816


1860


...


JOHN JACKSON . . P


1778


1805


1815


1817


1831


...


FRANCIS LEGATT CHAN-
TREY (Sir) . . S


} I7 8i




1816


1818


1841


...


WILLIAM HILTON . P


1786


1806


1813


1819


1839


Keeper.


ABRAHAM COOPER . P


1787




1817


1820


1868


...


WILLIAM COLLINS . P


1788


1807


1814


1820


1847


Librarian.


EDWARD HOFGES BAJLY S


1788


1809


1817


1821


1867




WILLIAM DANIELL . P


1769


1799


1807


1822


1837


...


RICHARD COOK . P


1784


1800


1816


1822


1857


...


RAMSAY RICH.REINAGLE P


1775


... | 1814


i823t


1862


...


J EFFRY WTAT VILLE (Sir) A


1766


...


1822


1824


1840




GEORGE JONES . . P


1786


1801


1822


1824


1869


Librarian ; Keeper.


WILLIAM WILKINS . A


1778


...


1823


1826


1839


Prof, of Architect.


CHAS. ROBERT LESLIE P


1794


1813


1821


1826


1859


Prof, of Painting.


HY. WM. PICKERSGILL P


1782


1805


1822


1826


1875


Librarian.


WILLIAM ETTY . . P


1787


1807


1824


1828


1849


...


JOHN CONSTABLE . P


1776


1800


1819


1829


1837




CHARLES LOCK EAST-
LAKE (Sir) . . P


}i793


1809


1827


1830


1865


r Librarian ; Presi-
\ dent.


EDWIN HENRY LAND-
SEER (Sir) . . P


JI802


1816


1826


1831


1873


...


GILBERT STUART NEW-
TON . P


}i794


1820


1828


1832


1835


...


HY. PERRONET BRIGGS P


1791


1811


1825


1832


1844


...


WM. CLARKSON STAN-
FIELD . P


}i793


...


1832


1835


i 1867


...


WILLIAM ALLAN (Sir) P


1782


...


1825


1835


1850


...


JOHN GIBSON . . S


1790


...


1833


1836


1866




CHAS.ROBT.COCKERELL A


1788


...


1829


1836


1863


Prof, of Architect.



Resigned 1859.



t Resigned 1848.



356



APPENDICES



NAMK.


Bora.


Student


A.


B.A.


Did.


Office held.


JOHN PETER DEEKING
[Gandy] ... A


}i787


1805


1826


1838


1850




THOMAS UWINS . P


1782


1798


1833


1838


1857


Librarian.


FREDK. RICHARD LEE P


1798


1818


1834


1838


1879


...


WILLIAM WYON . S


1795


1817


1831


1838


1851


...


DANIEL MACLISE . P


1811


1828


1835


1840


1870


...


WM. FREDK. WITHER-

INGTON . . . P


}i785


1805


1830


1840


1865


...


SOLOMON ALEXANDER
HART . P


}i8o6


1823


1835


1840


1881


fProf. of Painting ;
\ Librarian.


PHILIP HARDWICK . A


1792


1808


1839


1841


1870


Treasurer.


DAVID ROBERTS P


1796


...


1838


1841


1864


...


JOHN JAMES CHALON P


1778


1796


1827


1841


1854


...


CHARLES BARRY (Sir) A


1795


...


1840


1842


1860


...


WM. CHARLES Ross
(Sir) . . P


}i794


1808


1838


1843


1860


...


JOHN PRESCOTT KNIGHT P


1803


1823


1836


1844


1881


/Secretary ; Prof, of
\ Perspective.


CHARLES LANDSEER . P


1799


1816


1837


1845


1879


Keeper.


THOMAS WEBSTER . P


1800


1821


1840


I8 4 6


1886


...


PATRICK MACDOWELL S


1799


1830


1841


I8 4 6


1870


.. .


JOHN ROGERS HERBERT P


1810


1826


I8 4 I


1846


1890




CHARLES WEST COPE P


1811


1828


1843


1848


1890


Prof, of Painting.


WILLIAM DYCE . . P


1806




I8 44


I8 4 8


1864


...


RICHARD WESTMACOTT S


1799


1818


1838


1849


1872


Prof, of Sculpture.


JOHN WATSON GORDON
(Sir) . . . P


}i79


...


1841


1851


1864.


...


THOMAS CRESWICK . P


1811


...


I8 4 2


l8;i


1869


..


RICHARD REDGRAVE P


1804


1826


1840


1851


!888


...


FRANCIS GRANT (Sir) P


1803




I8 4 2


1851


1878


President.


WM. CALDER MARSHALL S


1813


1834


1844


1852


1894


...


WM. POWELL FRITH . P


1819


1837


1845


1853




...


SAMUEL COUSINS . E


1801


...


1835


1855


1887


...


EDWARD MATT. WARD P


1816


1835


1846


1855


1879


...


ALFRED ELMORE . P


1815


1832


1845


1857


1881


...


FREDERICK RICHARD

PlCKERSGILL . . P


|l820


1840


1847


1857


1900


Keeper.


GEORGE THOMAS Doo E


1800


...


1856


1857


1886


...


JOHN HENRY FOLEY . S


1818


1835


1849


1858


1874


...


JOHN PHILLIP . . P


1817


1837


1857


1859


1867


...


SYDNEY SMIKKE . A


1798


1817


1847


I8$9


1877


fProf. of Architec-
\ ture ; Treasurer.


JAMES CLARKE HOOK P


1819


1836


1850


1860


...


...



APPENDIX II



357



NAME.


Born.


Student


A.


E.A.


Died.


Office held.


AUGUSTUS LEOPOLD EGG
P


\i8l6


1836


1848


1860


1863


...


GEORGE GILBERT SCOTT
(Sir) ... A


\i8ii


...


1855


1860


1878


/Prof, of Architec-
\ ture.


PAUL FALCONER POOLE P


1810


...


1846


1861


1879


...


HENRY WEEKES . S


1807


1823


1851


1863


1877


Prof, of Sculpture.


WILLIAM BOXALL (Sir) P


1800


1819


1851


1863


1879


...


FREDERICK GOODALL P


1822


...


1852


1863


1904


...


JOHN EVERETT MILLAIS
(Sir, Bart.) . . P


}l82 9


1840


1853


1863


1896


President.


EDWARD WM. COOKE P


1811




1851


1863


1880


...


JOHN CALLCOTT HORS-

LEY . P


}i8i 7


1831


1855


1864


1903


Treasurer.


THOMAS FAED . . P


1826


...


1861


1864


1900


...


JOHN FREDERICK LEWIS P


1805


...


1859


1865


1876


...


GEORGE RICHMOND . P


1809


1824


1857


1866


1896


...


CARLO MAROCHETTI
(Baron) . S


}i8o 9


...


1861


1866


1867


...


THOS. SIDNEY COOPER P


1803


1824


1845


1867


1902


...


PHILIP HERMOGENES
CALDERON . . P


}i833


...


1864


1867


1898


Keeper.


JOHN HENRY ROBINSON E


1796


...


1856


1867


1871


...


GEO. FREDK. WATTS . P


1817


1835


1867


1867


1904




FREDERIC LEIGHTON
(Sir, Bart., and Baron) P


}i830




1864


1868


1896


President.


EDWARD MIDDLETON
BARRY ... A


|i830


1848


1861


1869


1880


Treasurer.


JAMES SANT . . P


1820


1840


1861


1869


...


...


HENRY TAN WORTH
WELLS . P


\i828


...


1866


1870


1903


...


RICHARD ANSDELL . P


1815




1861


1870


1885




WM. EDWARD FROST P


1810


1829


1846


1870


1877




GEO. EDMUND STREET A


1824


...


1866


1871


1881


/Treasurer; Prof. of
\ Architecture.


WM. CHAS. THOS.
DOBSON . P


}i8i7


1836


1860


1871


1898




LUMB STOCKS . . E


1812


...


1853


1871


1892


...


EDWARD ARMITAGE . P


1817


...


1867


1872


1896


Prof, of Painting.


JOHN PETTIE . . P


1839


...


1866


1873


1893


...


THOMAS WOOLNER . S


1825


1842


1871


1874


1892


Prof, of Sculpture.


EDWARD JOHN POYNTER
(Sir) . . . P


}i836


1855


1869


1876


...


President.


JOHN GILBERT (Sir) . P


1817


...


1872


1876


1897


...


GEORGE DUNLOP LESLIE P


1835


1854


1868


1876


...


...



358



APPENDICES



NAMB.


Born.


Student


A.


R.A.


Died.


Office held.


HENRY WM. BANKS
DAVIS . P


I-I833


1851


1873


1877


...




WM. QUILLER ORCHARD-
SON . P


^835


...


1868


1877


...




RICHARD NORMAN SHAW
A


|-i83i 1849


1872


1877




...


WM. FREDK. YEAMES P


I83S


...


1866 1878


...


Librarian.


HENRY STACY MARKS P


1829


1851


1871


1878


I8 9 8


...


LAWRENCE ALMA TA-
DEMA(Sir) . . P


[1836


...


1876


1879


...




JOHN EVAN HODGSON P


1831


1855


1873


1879


1895


/Librarian ; Prof, ol
\ Painting.


HY. HUGH ARMSTEAD S


1828


1847


I87S


1879




..,


VICAT COLE . . P


1833




1870


1880


1893




JOHN LOUGHBOROUGH
PEARSON . . A


}(0


...


1874


1880


1897





WALTER WM. OULESS P


1848


1865


1877


1881




...


BRITON RIVIERE . P


1840


...


1878


1881


...


...


THOS. OLDHAM BARLOW
E


}i82 4




1873


1881


1889


...


EDWIN LONG . . P


1829


1849


1876


1881


1891




PETER GRAHAM . P


1836




1877


1881


...


...


JOSEPH EDGAR BOEHM
(Sir, Bart.) . . S


}i834


...


1878


1882


1890




FRANK HOLL . . P


1845


1861


1878


1883


1888


...


ALFRED WATERHOUSE A


1830


...


1878


1885


...


Treasurer.


MARCUS STONE . . P


1840


...


1877


1887


...


...


S. LUKE FILDES . P


1844


1866


1879


1887


...


...


WM. HAMO THORNY-
CROFT S


jiSso


1869


1881


1888


...


...


JOHN BAGNOLD BUR-
GESS . p


}i830


1849


1877


1888


1897


...


HUBERT v. HERKOMER P


1849




1879


1890


...


Prof, of Painting.


THOMAS BROCK . S


1847


1867


1883


1891


...


...


ANDREW CARRICK Gow P


1848


...


1881


1891




...


FRANK DICKSEE . P


1853


1871


I$8l


1891




...


ALFRED GILBERT . S


1854


1874


1887


1892


...


Prof, of Sculpture.


JOHN MACWHIRTER . P


1839


...


1879


1893


...


...


HENRY WOODS . . P


1846


...


1882


1893


...


...


HENRY MOORE . . P


1831


1853


1885


1893


1895


...


VALENTINE CAMERON
PRINSEP. . . P


}i838


...


1879


1894


1904


Prof, of Painting.


JOHN WM. WATERHOUSE
P


|i849 1871 1885


1895





APPENDIX II



359



NAME.


Born.


Student


A.


R.A.


Died.


Office held.


EDWARD ONSLOW FORD
S


}l8 5 2


...


1888


1895


1901


...


WM. BLAKE RICHMOND
(Sir) . . . P


}l8 4 2


1858


1888


1-895


...


Prof, of Painting.


GEO. HENRY BOUGHTON P


1833


...


1879


1896


...


...


ERNEST CROFTS . P


1847


...


1878


I8 9 6


...


Keeper.


THOS. GRAHAM JACKSON
A


}i8 3 $


...


1892


1896


...


Treasurer.


JOHN SINGER SARGENT P


1856


...


I8 94


1897


...


...


EDWARD JOHN GREGORY
P


}i8 5 o


1870


1883


1898


...


...


GEORGE AITCHISON . A


1825


...


iSSi


1898


...


Prof, of Architect.


BENJAMIN WILLIAMS
LEADER P


}i83i


1853


1883


1898


...


...


JOHN SEYMOUR LUCAS P


1849


1871


1886


1898


...


...


EDWARD AUSTIN ABBEY P


1852


...


1896


1898


...


...


GEO. FREDK. BODLEY A


1827


...


1882


1902


...


...


GEO. JAMES FRAMPTON S


1860


1882


1894


1902


...


...


ERNEST ALBERT WATER-
LOW (Sir) . . P


}i8 5 o


1872


1890


1903


...


...


ROBT. WM. MACBETH P


1848


1871


1883


1903


...


...


ASTON WEBB . . A


1849


...


1899


1903


...


...



LIST OF HONORARY FOREIGN ACADEMICIANS,

1868-1904

IN 1868 a Class of Honorary Foreign Academicians was instituted.
The following have been elected :



Louis GALLAIS . . . P 1869

CLAUDE J. B. E. GUILLAUME . S 1869

EUGENE E. VIOLLET LE Due . A 1869

Louis P. HENRIQUEL DUPONT E 1869

JEAN Louis MEISSONIER . . P 1869

JEAN LEON GEROMB . . P 1869



LUDWIG KNAUS
PAUL DUBOIS .
ADOLF MINZEL
JULES BREBON.
LEON BONN AT.
EMMANUEL FRE"MIET



. P 1882

. P and S 1896

. P 1896

. . P 1899

. P 1904

. S 1904



APPENDIX III

LIST OF ASSOCIATES WHO HAVE NOT BECOME
ROYAL ACADEMICIANS, 1770-1904,

WITH the dates respectively of their Birth, Admission as Students of
the Academy, Election as Associate Engraver (A.E.), or Associate
(A.), and Death. The letter after each name indicates the branch
of art in which each was chiefly distinguished viz., P, Painter ; S,
Sculptor ; A, Architect ; E, Engraver.

The full number of twenty Associates was not completed till 1773,
nor the full number of Associate Engravers till 1775. In 1866 the
number of Associates was made unlimited, with a minimum of twenty,
and in 1879 the minimum was raised to thirty, exclusive of Engravers.



NAME.


Born.


Student.


A.


Died.


THOMAS MAJOR . E


1720


...


1770


1799


SIMON FRANCOIS RAVENET . . E


1706


...


1770


1774


PETER CHARLES CANOT E


c. 1710


...


1770


1777


JOHN BROWNE E


1741




I77O


1801


THOMAS CHAMBERS E


/ *t

c. 1724


.. .


* / /

1770


1789


EDWARD STEVENS .... A


(?)


...


1770


1775


GEORGE JAMES P


(?)


...


1770


1795


ELIAS MARTIN P


I74.O


1760


I77O


(?)*


ANTONIO ZUCCHI . . . . P


* / T^ w

1726


* / ,7


1770


V. s

1795


MICHAEL ANGELO ROOKER . . P


1743


1769


1770


1801


WILLIAM PARS P


1742


1769


1770


1782


NICHOLAS THOMAS DALL . . P


(?)




1771


1777


BIAGIO REBECCA P


1735


1769


1771


1808


WILLIAM TOMKINS P


c. 1730


...


1771


1792


STEPHEN ELMER . P


(?)


...


1772


1796



* His name was included in the annual list of members till 1832, but he is supposed to have died
sometime between 1804 and 1818.
360



APPENDIX III



361



NAME.


Born.


Student.


A.


Died.


EDWARD EDWARDS* . P


1738


1769


1773


1806


VALENTINE GREEN . E


1739


...


1775


1813


WILLIAM PARRY . P


1742


1769


1776


1791


JOHN HAMILTON MORTIMER . . P


1741




1778


1779


JAMES NIXON P


c. 1 741


I76Q


1778


1812


HORACE HONE P


*'* A / T 1 *

r.i755


J. / v^

1770


j. / /<j
1779


1825


GEORGE STUBBS P


1724


...


i78ot


1806


JOSEPH WRIGHT (of Derby) . . P


1734


1775


I78i


1797


FRANCIS HAWARD E


1759


1776


1783


1797


JOSEPH COLLYER E


1748


1771


1786


1827


JOSEPH BONOMI .... A


1739


...


1789


1808


JAMES HEATH E


1757




1791


1834


JOHN DOWNMAN . . . . P


1750


1769


1795


1824


ANKER SMITH E


1759


...


1797


1819


GEORGE GARRARD P


1760


1778


1800


1826


JAMES FITTLER E


1758


1778


1800


1835


JOSEPH GANDY A


1771


1789


1803


1843


THEOPHILUS CLARKE P


1776 (?)


1793


1803


1831 (?)


JOHN LANDSEER . E


1769




1806


1852


ARCHER JAMES OLIVER P


1774


1790


1807


1842


SAMUEL DRUMMOND P


1770


1791


1808


1844


GEORGE ARNALD P


1763




1810


1841


WILLIAM WESTALL . P


1781




1812


1850


GEORGE FRANCIS JOSEPH . . P


1764


1784


1813


1846


WILLIAM WARD . E


1766


...


1814


1826


WASHINGTON ALLSTON P


1779


1801


1818


1843


WILLIAM BROMLEY E


1769


...


1819


1842


HENRY EDRIDGE P


1768


1784


1820


1821


GEORGE CLINT P


1770




I82I


1854


FRANCIS DANBY . P


1793




1825


1861


RICHARD JAMES LANE . E


1800


...


1827


1872


CHARLES TURNER E


1773


1795


1828


1857


ANDREW GEDDES P


1783


1807


1832


1844


ROBERT GRAVES . E


1798




1836


i873


GEORGE PATTEN . P


1801


1816


1837


1865




1708




1842


18;=;


JAMES TIBBETTS WILLMORE . . E


/ *y v

1800




* u ^

1843


* ^3 J

1863


THOMAS DUNCAN . . . . P


1807


...


1843


1845



* Teacher of Perspective. t Elected R.A. in 1781, but declined.

J Elected R.A. in 1784, but declined, and desired that his name should be erased from the list of
Associates. % Resigned 1835.



APPENDICES



NAMK.


Born.


Student.


A.


Died.


ROBERT THORBURN P


1818


1836


1848


1885


FRANK STONE P


1800




1851


1859


HENRY NELSON O'NEiL . P


1817


1836


1860


1880




1819

y


1834


1863


1904


EDWARD B. STEPHENS S


1815


* w J~T

1836


1864


1882


ERSKINE NICOL . P


1825


...


1866


1904


JOSEPH DURHAM S


1814


...


1866


1877


THOMAS LANDSEER E


1795


...


1868


1880


GEO. HEMMING MASON P


1818


...


1869


1872


FREDERICK WALKER P


1840


1858


1871


1875


GEO. ADOLPHUS STORE v P


1834


1853


1876


...


JOHN WRIGHT OAKES P


1820




1876


1887


WM. FREDK. WOODINGTON . . S


1806


...


1876


1893


EYRE CROWE P


1824


1845


1876


...


PHILIP RICHARD MORRIS . . P


1838


1854


1877


1902


CHARLES BELL BIRCH S


1832


I85S


1880


1893


FREDERIC STACPOOLE E


(?)


...


1880


...


JOHN BRETT P


1832


1853


1881


1902


WILLIAM BURGES .... A


1827




1881


1881


FRANCIS HOLL E


1815


...


1883


1884


COLIN HUNTER P


1841


...


1884


1904


EDWARD BURNE-JONES . . . P


1833




1885*


1898


ARTHUR WM. BLOMFIELD (Sir; . A


1829


...


1888


1899


WILLIAM LIONEL WYLLIE . . P


1851


1866


1889


...


DAVID MURRAY P


1849




1891


...


STANHOPE A. FORBES P


1857


1874


1892


...


HARRY BATES S


1850


1881


1892


1899


JOHN WILLIAM NORTH P


(?)




1893




FRANK BRAMLEY P


1857


...


1894


...


JOHN M'ALLAN SWAN P


1847


1872


1894


...


ARTHUR HACKER . P


1858


1876


1894


...


GEORGE CLAUSEN t . . . . P


1852


...


1895


...


SOLOMON J. SOLOMON P


1860


1877


1896




ALFRED PARSONS P


1847


...


1897


...


JAMES JEBUSA SHANNON . . . P


1862


...


1897


...


LIONEL PERCY SMYTHE . . . P


1840


...


1898


...


HENRY HERBERT LA THANGUE . P


(?)


1875


1898


...


CHARLES NAPIER HEMY . . . P


1841


...


1898


...


ARTHUR STOCKDALE COPE . . P


1857


1874


1899


...


ALFRED EAST P


1849


...


1899


...



Resigned 1893.



t Prof, of Painting.



APPENDIX III



363



NAME.


Born.


Student.


A. Died.


WM. GOSCOMBE JOHN S


1860


1884


1899




HENRY SCOTT TUKE . P


1858




1900




JOHN BELCHER .... A


(?)




1900


...


EDW. ALF. BRISCOE DRURY . . S


1857


...


1900


...


JOSEPH FARQUHARSON P


1847


...


1900




MATTHEW RIDLEY CORBET . . P


1850


1872


1902


1902


JOHN HENRY FREDK. BACON . . P


1866


1887


1903




WILLIAM ROBERT COLTON . . S


1867


1889


1903




JOHN ALF. ARNESBY BROWN . . P


1866




1903


...


CHARLES W. FURSE . P


1868


...


1904


1904


HENRY ALFRED PEGRAM S


1863


1881


1904




FRANK BRANGWYN P


(?)


...


1904





The following is a list of the Academicians and Associates who
have retired since the institution of the class of Honorary Retired
Academicians in 1852 and of Honorary Retired Associates in 1884,
with the date of their retirement :

Academicians EDWARD HODGES BAILEY, CHAS. ROB. COTTERELL, 1862 ; WM.

FREDK. WITHERINGTON, 1863; ABRAHAM COOPER, GEORGE THOS. Doo, 1866;
PHILIP HARDWICK, 1869; PATRICK MACDOWELL, 1870; RICHARD WEST-
MACOTT, FREDK. RICHD. LEE, 1871 ; HENRY WM. PICKERSGILL, 1872; THOMAS
WEBSTER, JOHN FREDK. LEWIS, WM. EDW. FROST, 1876; SYDNEY SMIRKE,
SIR WM. Box ALL, HENRY WEEKES, 1877 ; PAUL FALCONER POOLE, SAMUEL
COUSINS, 1879; RICHARD REDGRAVE, 1881 ; CHAS. WEST COPE, 1883; JOHN
ROGERS HERBERT, 1886; GEORGE RICHMOND, 1887; FREDK. RICHD. PICKERS-
GILL, 1888; WM. POWELL FRITH, WM. CALDER MARSHALL, 1890; THOS.
FAED, 1892; EDWARD ARMITAGE, 1894; WM. CHAS. THOS. DOBSON, 1895;
HY. STACY MARKS, GEO. FREDK. WATTS, 1896 ; JOHN CALLCOTT HORSLEY,
1897 ; FREDK. GOODALL, 1902 ; ALFRED WATERHOUSE, 1903.

Associates ERSKINE NlCOL, ROBERT THORBURN, WM. FREDK. WOODINGTON, 1885 ;

HENRY LE JEUNE, 1886 ; FREDK. STACPOOLE, 1891 ; PHILIP RICHD. MORRIS,
1900 ; JOHN BRETT, 1901.



APPENDIX IV

LIST OF OFFICERS, PROFESSORS, AND HONORARY
MEMBERS OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY, 1768-1904

OFFICERS

Only Academicians are eligible for the Offices of President, Keeper,
Treasurer, and Librarian. This rule applied also to the Secretaryship
until 1873, when a layman was appointed.

Presidents
The President is subject to re-election annual!)- on December 10.

Sir JOSHUA REYNOLDS ....... 17681792

BENJAMIN WEST (with an interval of a year, 1805-1806) . . . 17921820

Sir THOMAS LAWRENCE ....... 18201830

Sir MARTIN ARCHER SHEE ....... 18301850

Sir CHARLES LOCK EASTLAKE ...... 18501865

Sir FRANCIS GRANT (after the office had been declined by Sir E. Landseer) 18661878
Lord LEIGHTON OF STRETTON ...... 1878 1896

Sir JOHN EVERETT MILLAIS, Bart. . . . February 1896 August 1896

Sir EDWARD JOHN POYNTER, Bait. . ..... 1896

West resigned in 1805, and James Wyatt was on December 10 elected President,
but his election was never approved by the Sovereign, and in the following year West
was re-elected.

Secretaries

FRANCIS MILNER NEWTON ....... 17681788

JOHN RICHARDS ........ 17881810

HENRY HOWARD (Dep. Sec. 1 8 10) ...... 1811 1847

JOHN PRESCOTT KNIGHT (resigned) . ..... 1847 1873

FREDERICK ALEXIS EATON *. . . . . . .1873

* Not a member.



APPENDIX IV 365



Keepers

In 1873 the term of office for which the Keeper was elected was limited to five years,
the holder being eligible for re-election by a two-thirds majority of the General Assembly
of Academicians.

GEORGE MICHAEL MOSER ....... 1768 1783

AGOSTINO CARLINI ........ 1783 1790

JOSEPH WILTON . . . . . . . 17901803

HENRY FUSELI ........ 1804 1825

HENRY THOMSON (resigned) ...... 1825 1827

WILLIAM HILTON ........ 18271839

GEORGE JONES (resigned) ....... 1840 1850

CHARLES LANDSEER (resigned) ...... 1851 1873

FREDERICK RICHARD PICKERSGILL (resigned) .... 18731887

PHILIP HERMOGENES CALDERON ...... 18871898

ERNEST CROFTS ........ 1898

Robert Smirke was elected Keeper in succession to Joseph Wilton, but his election
was vetoed by King George III., and a fresh election was held, which resulted in Fuseli
being chosen.

George Jones acted as Deputy Keeper during the last year of Hilton's tenure of
the office.

Treasurers

The appointment to the office of Treasurer originally rested entirely in the hands of
the Sovereign. The first innovation took place in 1874, when permission was obtained



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