J. Frank (James Frank) Hanly.

Speeches of the Flying squadron online

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houses in this country. We need to enable our people to
build their homes and live comfortably in them, and it
could be done with less than goes into the liquor traffic.

If it be asked if this traffic is not here to supply a de-
mand, we answer that primarily it is here to create a harm-
ful, unnatural demand that it may supply it.

If, as we have shown, the liquor traffic lessens the de-
mand for the great staples of life, how does it affect the
cost and the difficulty of production? Ames & Company,
the shovel manufacturers, found that when their men were
abstainers they produced fourteen per cent, more goods than
when they were drinking.

Mr. Mosley, an Englishman of means and public spirit,
brought to America a commission to ascertain the reason
for the larger productive power of the average American
workman. Going to different parts of this country and
making their investigations independently of each other,
the commission gave as its judgment that the superior
productive power of the American workman over his Brit-
ish brother was due to his greater degree of sobriety.

The Vice-President of the American Sugar Factory at
Rocky Ford, Col., told me that when saloons were there,
Monday was often a day to be dreaded. The men came
late, they were unskillful, they spoiled the product, they
broke the machinery, they injured themselves and others
and often their wages were attached. After the saloons
were banished, Monday was often the best day in the week.
The men came back refreshed after the rest of the Sab-
bath, and except in case of an accident none of the things
before complained of occurred. It was a rare thing that
the workmen's wages were attached, and that eighty per
cent, of the business men of Rocky Ford would vote
against the return of the saloon, for they sold more goods
and found it easier to collect their accounts.



At Ida Grove, Iowa, some years ago a bank was in pro-
cess of erection when I visited the town. Everything
seemed in readiness, but no one was at work. Inquiring
the reason, I was told that there was but one man in the
place who was sufficiently skilled to turn the noble arch
over the main doorway and that he had gone on a spree.
The other workmen were therefore necessarily idle. At
the end of the week or month when they were paid, did
they not all have less money than they would have had had
the work gone forward in a normal 'manner on that build-
ing? Did not the contractor make less money than he
would have made if the men could have worked regularly?
Did not the man who was having the building erected lose
money by delay in its completion? Did not the merchants
of that town do less business than they would have done
if all the men had remained sober and employed?

At Taylorsville, Florida, I was told by a man who had
large mercantile and turpentine interests that he had just
contributed one hundred dollars to the prohibition cam-
paign. Inquiring his reason for doing so, he replied, "Keep
liquor away and I can manage a thousand negroes in this
camp, but put liquor among them and I don't guarantee to
manage one of them, nor a white man either."

At St. Petersburg, Florida, as the throng left the place
of meeting, a man standing near the doorway said as I
approached, "Most people would suppose that one in my
line of business would favor the liquor traffic, but I don't."
Inquiring what he did, he said, "I'm an undertaker."
"Well," I said, "why do you not favor the liquor traffic?"
He said, "Because an old drunkard's wife dies, and I bury
her, and he never pays me for the coffin or he dies, and I
put him away, and I never get anything for it. I'm against
the liquor traffic."

Out from Niagara Falls, in the apple picking season, the
farmers told me that they favored prohibition. Asking



why, they replied, "We cannot gather and market our fruit
with drunken help."

It is slowly but surely dawning on the whole world that
the man with a clear eye and a keen ear and steady nerves
and firm muscles and an unclouded brain is a better work-
man, a better citizen, a better neighbor, a more dependable
piece of machinery than a man with a dim eye, a dull ear,
unsteady nerves and flabby muscles and a befogged brain.
In other words, that a man in the possession of all his
powers is a larger asset of the Nation than a man shorn of
a part of his powers. The merchants do not want drinking
men, the manufacturers do not want them, the life insur-
ance companies do not want them, the railroads do not
want them, the banks do not want them, the farmers do
not want them; in fact, there is nobody who does want
them, unless it is here and there a foolish girl. She will
sometimes take such, but that is about all.

I, who have sisters and a wife and children of my own,
say, with all reverence, I would to God that the young
women could see as clearly before marriage as they so
soon and so plainly see after marriage, the folly of linking
their lives with drinking men.

If the liquor traffic lessens the demand for the neces-
sities of life, and increases the cost and the difficulty of
production, how does it affect the purchasing power of the
people ?

Under normal conditions, a man cannot buy unless he
has the money, and he cannot have the money unless he
works for it, or is a member of some city councils better
unnamed. There stands a factory ready for operation, the
workmen with their families are gathering. A grocer
establishes himself nearby, and I ask where he expects to
get a living for his family. He replies he expects a part
of the wages of the men who work in the factory. I ask
what right he has to any part of their wages, and he says



that unless he were there, or some one to take his place,
those men would have to go singly or in groups to get
their supplies, but by bringing the supplies to a convenient
point he economizes their time and increases their pro-
ductive power, and is thus entitled to a pprtion of their
earnings. This is an honorable business proposition of
advantage to all concerned.

There stands a sawmill owner, and I ask hhn how he
expects to get a living. He replies that lumber is worth
more than logs, and that everything which comes to his
hands is worth more when he is done with it than when
he got it, that he is creating value in the community, and
he is.

There stands a carpenter, and I ask him how he justifies
his trade. He replies that houses are worth more than
lumber in the pile, and that everything which comes to his
hands is also worth more when he is done with it than
when he got it. He, too, is creating value in the com-

The miller tells me that flour is worth more than wheat
in the kernel, the baker says bread is worth more than
flour in the barrel, the butcher says dressed beef is worth
more than cattle on the hoof, the dairyman says that but-
ter is worth more than cream, the blacksmith says that
iron fashioned into useful instruments is worth more than
ore in the hills, the tailor says clothes are worth more than
goods in the bolt, the shoemaker says shoes are worth
more than leather in the roll they are all creating value.

I go to the milliner and ask her what she is doing. She
replies that she is taking a little ribbon and feathers and
felt and converting it into something the like of which is
not seen in the heavens above, nor in the earth beneath,
nor in the waters under the earth, and if you men don't
believe that she is creating value, wait until you get a bill
for that hat.



There is no yoke under which the average American
husband and father bows so joyfully as that which is
formed by the arms of his wife, or his daughter, when they
put them up and seal them with a kiss and say, "I need a
hat." If there is a dollar on the place, she will get the
hat, and there will a scene of happiness occur that would
make an old bachelor pull his hair if he has any. Colonel
George Bain so truthfully says that he never sees a rose
swinging in the hat of a saloon keeper's wife that he does
not know that it is the rose out of some other woman's
cheek, and it is.

Then I turn to a minister, a teacher, a physician and a
lawyer, and ask how they can justify their occupation.
One of them lives by the sins of the people, one on their
ignorance, one on their pains and the other by their quar-
rels. The answer is that it is an accepted principle of
political economy everywhere that healthy, intelligent,
moral people doing business in an orderly way are always
better producers than ignorant, unhealthy, immoral people
doing business at haphazards. Therefore, the minister, the
teacher, the physician and the lawyer have a place in the
industrial economy of the community, because they in-
crease the productive power of the people.

Now, I turn to a liquor dealer and say to him, "What are
you doing are you creating value? Will that which
comes to your hands be worth more when you are done
with it than when you got it ? Will there be more children
in the public schools and Sunday schools, and will they be
better clothed and better fed because of your traffic? Will
the men of the community be better husbands, fathers, sons
and brothers? Will the women be truer and nobler in their
lives ? In short, will your traffic elevate the 'moral, social
or spiritual condition of the community?" If he tells the
truth he will say, "No, sir ; I am not here to create value,
but to destroy value ; that which comes to my hands will



not be worth more, but infinitely less, when I am done with
it than when I got it. There will not be more children in the
public schools or the Sunday schools, nor will they be better
clothed, or better fed, because of my traffic. The men will
not be better husbands, fathers, sons or brothers. I am here,"
he says, "to take sons from mothers, fathers from children,
husbands from wives, brothers from sisters. I am here to
breed idiots and paupers and criminals and lunatics and spread
pestilence among the people."

Some one says, "No, that is unfair; these things may
occur, but they are a by-product, they are merely inci-
dental, they are apart from his main purpose. He desires
simply to get the money." Very well, here is a burglar
who breaks into the house at night, he does not really de-
sire to commit murder. Probably not one burglar in a
hundred really prefers to commit murder. If ever a bur-
glar gets into your home, lie still and he will probably not
harm you at all. It takes a great deal of self-restraint to
lie there with your hands folded and look peaceful and
happy, while he is working around and gathering up your
watch and pocketbook or rings and other things of interest
to him and to you, but if you will lie still he will probably
not harm you at all. Burglars have been in my house
twice. Of course, they got badly fooled, but they have
been there twice and never harmed me I was away both

But, a burglar goes to the house with the expectation,
at least, of getting money or property. If it is necessary
to commit murder in order to accomplish his purpose and
escape, he stands ready to commit murder. Now, is not
that the spirit in which the average burglar plies his trade?
Here is a liquor dealer who says and many of them could
no doubt truthfully say the same thing that he does not
desire to commit murder, nor to break up homes and sep-
arate families and blast hope and ruin life and spread pes-



tilence among the people, but he desires the 'money, and
if all these evils must follow in the wake of his work he
stands ready nevertheless to get the money. Now, is not
that the spirit in which the average liquor dealer plies his
trade ?

Please observe that I am not abusing liquor dealers.
Abuse is not argument. If all the liquor dealers in Amer-
ica were placed on shipboard and sent to sea, and the
license system allowed to stand, there would be another
company of men tomorrow morning to take their places
that would not settle the question. I am not abusing liquor
drinkers I pity them. If all such were likewise on ship-
board and sent to sea, and the license system allowed to
stand, there would be another crop of drunkards next year
to fill the ranks. That would not settle the question.

If we would dry up this moral ulcer of the nations, if we
would heal this open sore of the world, we must stop the
manufacture, the importation, the sale and transportation
of this iniquitous thing. There is no ultimate, permanent
and final solution for the liquor traffic but annihilation.
To aim at anything nearer or easier as a permanent solu-
tion is to ignore history and invite defeat.

Here, then, is a traffic which lessens the demand for the
helpful things of life, increases the cost and the difficulty
of production and diminishes the purchasing power of the
people. To claim that such a thing is beneficial to business
is to do violence to language, logic, history, economics and
common sense.



-' .


Secretary of the Ep worth League of the Methodist
Episcopal Church, and one of the big men of his
denomination. In the active ministry for years, he has held
some of the highest pastorates in the country. He has signal
ability as an orator and is in constant demand by two very
intellectual classes of audiences the colleges and the large
ministerial gatherings of the country. His work with the
Squadron began at Peoria, Illinois, September 30th, and ended
with Jacksonville, Florida, March 6th, the duties of his official
position requiring his attendance at the spring conferences of
his denomination.

Dr. Sheridan brought to the Squadron the active support
of the Epworth Leaguers of the Nation, and, in conjunction
with Dr. Daniel A. Poling, gave it a grip upon the hearts of
the young people of the country which it could not otherwise
have secured. His part in the great movement has endeared
him to the hearts of thousands.



ON the 18th day of June, 1815, at a quarter of four
o'clock, Napoleon Bonaparte took out his watch, and,
with that grim smile of his dictated a despatch to
Paris. It read : "The Battle of Waterloo is won for France."

But a little later, out of the woods at the northeast, burst
the Allies' re-enforcements under Blucher. The impact of that
fresh body of troops caused Napoleon's "Old Guard" to stag-
ger, gave Wellington's crumbling iron squares on the hill a
chance to re-form; the French were driven back, at first in
confusion, and then in rout. And the sun of Napoleon set
that night in endless gloom. It was the unexpected re-
enforcements that turned the almost defeat of the Allies into
glorious victory.

So it is the unexpected re-enforcements to the cause of
prohibition today that is changing the almost defeat of a few
years ago into glorious victory.

For be it understood we are having such victory today as
our cause never saw before. You can start in at tidewater,
in old Virginia and cross that Mother-State of Presidents
into West Virginia, and across the latter into Tennessee, and
across Tennessee to Arkansas, and across it to Oklahoma and
Kansas, and through these to Colorado, and across it, diagon-
ally, to Idaho, and across Idaho to Oregon, and across Oregon
and Washington to the sea and it's dry all the way. You
can cross the Continent from ocean to ocean without getting
your feet wet!

Now, when we remember that an area equal to all the
eighteen Prohibition States is dry through the operation of
local option, we begin to see what rapid strides prohibition
is making and most of it in the last two or three years. I
used to live in Kentucky. That was ten years ago. I lived
there when the State was wet from rim to rim. I lived there



long enough to learn to love the old Blue Grass State. Every
once in a while I find myself singing softly:

"Take me back to old Kentucky,
To the State where I was born ;
Where the corn is full of kernels,
And the Colonels full of corn."

But that song has gone out. For today ninety out of one
hundred and six counties in Kentucky are as dry as Kansas.
And it was just the other day that nine counties went dry,
including old Bourbon County, the home of Bourbon whisky !
Why, it is enough to make a lot of those old Kentucky colonels
turn over in their graves when they get the news by subter-
ranean telegraph that old Bourbon County has gone dry.

Then, there is my own State of Illinois, for I live now in
Chicago, that the past year put out of business more than a
thousand saloons put them out through the votes of the
newly-enfranchised womanhood of Illinois. And why
shouldn't the women have a right to vote upon this greatest
of all moral and domestic questions? Or upon all questions,
for that matter? For when God made woman, as Dr. Tal-
mage once phrased it, He took her not from man's side, to be
his slave, nor from his head to be his master, but from his
side. And she should walk by man's side in all the ways of
life, his companion and equal.

By such victories as these the area of dry territory is ex-
panding, until we have a grand total, including county and
State dry territory, of two-thirds of the area of the Nation,
and three-fifths of the population, under prohibition.

I feel concerning local option and State prohibition a good
deal as Johnny did when he was invited out for dinner. His
mother said: "Now, Johnny, remember to be very polite.
And when the maid serves the last course and asks you
whether you will take pie or ice cream, you must answer:



'Thank you, ma'am, I like both and will take either.' " "Never
fear, mother," said Johnny, "I'll do it right !" And when the
maid asked him he promptly replied : "Thank you, ma'am, I
like either and will take both."

I'll take local option pie and State prohibition ice cream.
But I am on my way to the Nation-wide prohibition water-
melon, and I'll never rest until we get it.

This recent amazing growth of prohibition in the United
States has been made possible by the arrival of unexpected
re-en f orcements.

First, there is the re-enforcement that has come from the
exigencies of war. The vise-like grip of a great necessity
compels European nations to keep their soldiers at their best.
Hence the English Government puts liquor for soldiers under
the ban and restricts its sale and use at home. Lord Kitchener
has issued an appeal to English soldiers to abstain wholly
from liquor, in which he is joined by the Surgeon-General of
the English army and a score of the leading physicians of the
realm. They base their appeal on the following grounds :

First. Liquor confuses the mind when clearness and
promptness of action are needed.

Second. Liquor increases fatigue.

Third. Liquor increases the septic danger in wounds and
lessens the power of resistence of the body.

Fourth. Liquor increases the susceptibility to disease.

Fifth. Liquor lessens the accuracy of aim in firing.

But England has not been alone in her opposition to liquor.
France has abolished the sale of absinthe throughout the Re-
public. And so eminent a paper as The Figaro, of Paris, ad-
vocates the prohibition of the sale of all intoxicants.

Emperor William made the statement at the outset of the
war that the Nation that used the least liquor would win. So
pronounced has become his attitude against liquor drinking,
according to reliable report, that he sends a letter to the mother
of every new-born child in Germany urging that mother never



to permit liquor to pass the lips of her child. While the use
of the lighter forms of liquor is permitted in the German
Army the official pressure for its discontinuance is very strong.

Most striking of all is the complete wiping out of the liquor
trade in Russia. The Czar's proclamation abolishing its sale
will take its place, in my judgment, among the great charters
of human liberty of the ages. It will take its place alongside
the Magna Charta of King John and the Emancipation Proc-
lamation of Abraham Lincoln.

A second re-enforcement to the cause of prohibition has
been the greatly increased use of the principle of eminent do-
main. More and more the State and municipal governments
are exercising that right for the benefit of the common mass
of the people. The taking over of property or land by the
city for public works; the exercise of sanitation restrictions;
the enlargement of the police powers of the State and the
like. All these mark the recognition of the right of society
to exercise a certain control of the individual for the sake
of the common welfare. And this re-enforces in marked
degree the sentiment for the prohibition of the liquor traffic.

Still a third re-enforcement is the attitude of science. A
distinguished professor of Harvard University said recently:
"Science has set her face like a flint against liquor."

Where the medical profession even a few years ago en-
couraged a wide use of liquor as a medicine and treated lightly
its use as a beverage, now medical men by the thousand are
treating its use as a beverage as a grave peril and as a disease,
while an increasing number of them have reduced to a
vanishing point its employment as a medicine, and a consid-
erable number will not prescribe it under any circumstances
whatever. Among the last named is Dr. J. H. Kellogg, of
Battle Creek, who in the forty-five years of his great sani-
tarium, has never once made use of alcohol.

Within the past ten years the employment of alcohol as a
therapeutic agent has decreased from fifty to eighty per cent.



in Bellevue Hospital, New York, in Cook County Hospital,
Chicago, and in the Massachusetts General Hospital.

It is cause for rejoicing that leaders of scientific investiga-
tion in Germany are taking the same position. Such men as
Doctors Kraepelin, Meyer, Bergman and Prinz have published
extensive data, gathered after the customary exhaustive
method of German research. These experiments show that
even a little alcohol decreases a laboring man's muscular
power. The ergograph "work-register" of Prof. Kraepe-
lin shows over and over the same results beer, as well as
the stronger liquors, weakens the strength of day laborers.
Prof. Prinz found that it took him one- fourth longer to climb
a mountain when he had indulged in one glass of beer.
"There is a seven per cent, decrease in the working efficiency
of the accountant or desk-worker after imbibing one glass
of beer." Mathematical processes even the most simple
become more difficult and the errors more numerous after
the use of even a little liquor. The power to distinguish
colors is greatly lessened, and often entire color-blindness
ensues. The ratio of accidents in mills and factories as be-
tween drinkers and abstainers is as twenty to eight.

Science has joined in the war against liquor and her in-
fluence is incalculable.

The fourth re-enforcement is from the world of sport.

Formerly we thought of sport and liquor as inseparable.
It is not so today. Here again the requirement is for brain
and brawn at their best. Hence the fiat has gone forth,
"Liquors must be barred."

The foot-ball coach says : "No drinker need apply."

Such baseball managers as Hughey Jennings and Connie
Mack and a score more of the great baseball leaders say to
their men: "You'll have to cut out booze if you play ball
with us."

Johnny had appendicitis. His mother was a Christian



Scientist, his father a surgeon. His mother said: "Johnny
you must forget it." But his father said: "Cut it out!"

This is true of all lines of athletics. Swimming, running,
jumping, hammer throwing, and the rest all utter the same
word of banishment for drink.

Tom Sharkey, ex-pugilist, now saloon keeper, complains
that the thing that is killing the saloon business is the fact
that every high school boy is being taught that he cannot
make good in athletic sports and drink.

Jesse Willard, the new champion in pugilism has never
drunk a drop. He says that drink is the cause of the going
to pieces of most pugilists. He said a few days ago that
New York sports used to make all manner of fun of him
because he would not run around with them to the saloons;

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