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J. H. (John Hanson) Beadle.

The undeveloped west or, Five years in the territories. Being a complete history of that vast region between the Mississippi and the Pacific, its resources, climate, inhabitants, natural curiosities, etc., etc. Life and adventure on prairies, mountains, and the Pacific coast. With two hundred and fo online

. (page 1 of 55)
Online LibraryJ. H. (John Hanson) BeadleThe undeveloped west or, Five years in the territories. Being a complete history of that vast region between the Mississippi and the Pacific, its resources, climate, inhabitants, natural curiosities, etc., etc. Life and adventure on prairies, mountains, and the Pacific coast. With two hundred and fo → online text (page 1 of 55)
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THE



UNDEVELOPED WEST;



OB,



NTH OARS IN THE TERRITORIES:



IB IE I ILsT O-

A COMPLETE HISTORY OP THAT VAST REGION BE-

TWEEK THE MISSISSIPPI AND THE PACIFIC,

ITS RESOURCES, CLIMATE, INHABITANTS,

NATURAL CURIOSITIES, ETC., ETC.



LIFE AND ADVENTURE ON

PRAIRIES, MOUNTAINS, AND THE PACIFIC COAST.



"WITH TWO HUNDRED AND FORTY ILLUSTRATIONS, FROM ORIGINAL
SKETCHES AND PHOTOGRAPHIC VIEWS OF THE SCENERY,
CITIES, LANDS, MINES, PEOPLE, AND CURI-
OSITIES OF THE GREAT WEST.



BY J. H. BEADLE,

WESTERN COEBESPONDENT OF THE CINCINNATI COMMERCIAL, AND AUTHOB
OF "LIFE IN UTAH," ETC., ETC.



Issued by subscription only, and not for sale in the book stores. Residents of any State desiring
a copy should address the Publishers, and an Agent will call upon them.; See page 779.



NATIONAL PUBLISHING COMPANY,

PHILADELPHIA, PA.; CHICAGO, ILL.; CINCINNATI, OHIO;
ST. LOUIS, Mo.



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1873, by

J. R. JONES,
In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C.



oC



PREFACE



ANOTHER book on the West! Yes, and why not?
The West is the future home of millions now living
in the East, and there is more that ought to be known
of its wonders and capabilities than is likely to be
published by the few who have devoted themselves
to the work. There ought to be a new book on the
West, by some careful observer and thorough explorer,
at least once a year ; for so many and so various are
the changes, so important the new discoveries, that a
volume is but thoroughly read before the facts it nar-
rates are old.

The undeveloped portions of the West make up an
immense area, and no one can flatter himself that he
has thoroughly explored it. The most that can be ex-
pected is, that each traveler shall seize upon the salient
features of certain sections and portray them to the
popular mind. No man can hope in the short space
of five years to see all of the undeveloped West.
Arizona alone deserves years of careful study, and New
Mexico is still almost an unknown region to Americans,
containing material for a vast deal of investigation.

This work is simply a personal record of my five years'

15



10 PREFACE.

travel and residence in the new States and Territories
where I went, what I did, what I saw and what
I thought about it. Two points, however, of prac-
tical interest I have kept steadily in view : to give care-
fully arranged facts in regard to the lands still open
to settlement; and to correct a number of popular
errors in regard to soil and climate. The chapters
treating specifically on lands in Kansas, Nebraska,
Iowa, Minnesota, Dakota, California, Oregon and Texas,
it is hoped, will aid in the first object; in regard to
the second object, I have pointed out most of the pre-
vailing errors to call them by no harsher name found
in numerous land circulars and railroad reports, and
refuted them by a general statement of facts.

It was my prime object to make this work a startling
novelty in one respect: by telling the exact truth about
the particular points to which settlers are most urgently
invited. If my views and conclusions on the Northern
Pacific Kailroad lands, and some other sections, differ
very greatly from the reports of officials and their
guests heretofore published, the reader must judge
whether the difference is my misfortune or their fault.
Having stated the objects of the work, the difficulties
in the way of its execution, and the points where most
criticism may be expected, I submit it to the public
without further apology. J. H. B.

EVANSVILLE, INDIANA,
May 15, 1873.












LIST OF ILLUSTEATIONS.



1. General View of the Yosemite Valley Frontispiece.

2. The Great Cafion and Lower Falls of the Yellowstone PAGE 3

3. Kock Pinnacles above Tower Falls, Yellowstone Kiver 5

4. In Camp with the Outlaw Navajoes 17

5. Lake and Mt. Tamalpais in the Distance 23" ' f

6. Mormon Tabernacle Endowment House in the Distance 27 -'

7. A Basin on the Columbia Kiver and Mountain Peak in the Distance. 2SK /

8. Down the Cafion 31

9. "Go West, Young Man; Go West!" 34

10. Autograph Letter 36

11. Afoot through Iowa 39

12. Outlet of " Wall Lake." 44

13. Doubling Teams in " Hell Slough." 47

14. Crossing the Plains 54

15. Stage Crossing the Desert 56

16. Needs a Haversack 57

17. " Wanted : Light and Genteel Employment." 64

18. Omaha City 66

19. Scene Near Fontanelle 68

20. Scene Near Papillion, Nebraska * 76

21. Eiver-Depot, Union Pacific K. E., Omaha 80

22. "Dog-Town" Union Pacific E. E 83

23. Indians Attacking U. S. Mail Coach 84

24. Pastimes of the Noble Eed Man 86

25. In the Hands of the Vigilantes 89

26. In the "Big Tent," Benton, Wyoming Territory 91

27. The Author as a " Mulewhacker." 97

28. Night-School of Theology 101

29. Scene in Echo Canon 105

30. " Eather Open at the Sides." 107

31. Salt Lake City (From the North) 109

32. Orson Pratt, One of the Twelve Apostles 110

33. George A. Smith Ill

34. Brigham Young 118

2 17



18 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

35. First Settler at Corinne PAGE 120

36. " Sunday-Night Amusements." 121

37. For the Benefit of Corinne 123

38. "Opening a Farm" Platte Valley 129

39. Cheyennes Reconnoitering the First Train 133

40. Chief Justice of Wyoming 135

41. Pyramid Kocks 137

42. Pulpit Kock, Echo Canon 139

43. Off for the Sevier Mines 143

44. On a Family Ticket 145

45. " You Go Hunt 'Em ! " 147

46. Lake Tahoe 155

47. Humboldt Palisades * 159

48. On the Truckee C. P. K. R 161

49. Placer Mining 162

50. Cape Horn C. P. R. R 163

51. Central Pacific Railroad in the Sierra Nevadas 164

52. Interior of Palace-Car on Central Pacific 166

53. Sacramento ' 168

54. Shoshonee Falls Idaho 170

55. Geysers, Pluton River, California 172

56. "NoSahvey." 173

57. In the Josh House 179

58. Ah Ching's Theology 181

59. Entrance to the Quicksilver Mine of New Almaden, California 182

60. The Author receives Mormon Hospitality 185

61. Orson Hyde, President of the Twelve Apostles 187

62. Domesticated Piute 188

63. Bear River Valley North of Corinne 189

64. " The Senator is Engaged, Sah." 192

65. Brigham Young's Residences, Salt Lake City 195

66. First Hotel in Lawrence 200

67. " Don't Mention it, Deacon." 205

68. On Rock Creek Allen Co., Kansas 208

69. Mounds on the Verdigris 212

70. Spouting Geyser 215

71. The Emigrant's Dream of Kansas 217

72. Kioways Killing Buffalo 219

73. Buffalo Plunters in Camp 221

74. Castle Garden the Emigrant's First View of America 232

75. A Bad Case of Trichina 234

76. Woman's Rights in Dakota 240

77. Any Port in a Storm 241

78. Approach to Black Hills Dakota 242

79. Winter Camp of the Friendly Dakotahs 244

80. Surveyor's Camp Central Dakota 246



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 19

81. Outline of Yosemite PAGE 252

82. A Monster 253

83. Hydraulic Mining 254

84. The Two Guardsmen 255

85. A Cotillon Party Dancing on the Mammoth Tree 256

86. Auger-Holes through the Big Tree (Showing how it was Felled) 258

87. The Fallen Monarch 259

88. The Pioneer's Cabin : " Koom for Twelve Inside" 260

89. Something of a Stump 261

90. First Log Hut in Mariposa Grove 262

91. Bridal Veil Fall 264

92. Cathedral Kocks 268

93. A Native of the Valley 270

94. El Capitan, 3300 Feet High 271

95. Sentinel Rock 275

96. The Yosemite Falls 276

97. North Dome and Koyal Arches 278

98. South or Half Dome : 279

99. Mirror Lake; Watkins' and Clouds' Best 281

100. Vernal Falls ; 350 Feet High 283

101. Nevada Falls ; 700 Feet High 285

102. Down by Vernal Falls 286

103. Liberty Cap (Mt. Broderick) 288

104. Bird's-Eye View of San Francisco 291

105. The Miner who "Struck it Rich." 294

106. " '49-Ers in Luck." 296

107. A Sunday Festival of the Foreign Classes 299

108. Sunday Evening on Dupont Street 301

109. Underground in the Barbary Coast 303

110. At the Bella Union 305

111. The First San Francisco Destroyed 307

112. An Anti-Goat-Island Meeting 308

113. The Days when California had no Families 310

114. Woodward's Gardens a Fashionable Resort of San Francisco 312

115. Chinese Theatre on Jackson Street. 315

116. Chinese Merchant on Post Street 317

117. Chan Laisun 320

118. Mrs. Laisun and Daughters 322

119. Chinese Students now at Springfield, Mass 324

120. A High Caste Mandarin 325

121. At "Brown and SloperV' 327

122. Little Pleasantries of a Mining Camp 330

123. Prospecting Party in Utah 332

124. Over to Big Cottonwood 337

125. In the West Jordan Mine 343

126. On Lion Hill Ophir District 345



20 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

127. Vertical Section of a Quartz Mine PAGE 347

128. One Language two " Smiles." 350

129. My Cherokee Friends .'. 356

130. " Moss Agates." 365

131. Amusements at Muscogee 370

132. Eaising a Native 373

133. At the Creek Agency 375

134. A Creek Charon 379

135. At the Mission 382

136. " Shorthandle." 385

137. Curing Snake-Bite 389

138. Ok-ta-ha-sars-ha-go 391

139. " On a Permit." 394

140. Pre-emptor's Cabin 395

141. Lively Times on the Canadian 398

142. At Tandy Walker's 400

143. Forest Scene 405

144. At Widow Skrimshee's : 407

145. Fight at Going Snake Court House 410

146 Gen. Marion in the Cherokee Country 413

147. The Last Cry of the Cherokee 416

148. Cherokee Legislature 422

149. An Osage Chief 425

150. "Man for Breakfast." 435

151. In the Buffalo Country 437

152. Denver 439

153. Gray's Peak Colorado 440

154. Georgetown Colorado 442

155. First Lesson in Spanish 445

156. "Caraja! Los Nervios!" 450

157. East Side of Plaza Santa Fe 452

158. At the Baile..... 456

159. Pueblo at Prayer 468

160. A Mexican Dray 474

161. "Caramba! Va Maladitto." 476

162. Southwest from Santa Fe 481

163. Pueblo Cacique 483

164. " My Belations, Sir." 485

165. Algodonas 487

166. Albuquerque Cathedral 489

167. "About so High." 492

168. Mexican Farm House 497

169. Pueblo Maiden 501

170. Agua Azul and Bed Butte 509

171. Officer's Quarters Fort Wingate 512

172. Distant View of Zuni.... .. 514



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 21

173. Upper Story of Zuni PAGE 516

174. Navajo Loom 518

175. Navajo Boy 525

176. Navajo Matron 531

177. Navajo "Gristmill." 533

178. Navajo Belle 534

179. Arizona Landscape 537

180. Through the Navajo Forest 548

181. Wind Carvings 550

182. Leaning Tower 551

183. " Ah-Yee ! Melicano, Ettah Hoganday ! " 554

184. Entering the Desert 562

185. "Vah! Melicano, Male, Malo !" .' 564

186. "The Shadow of a Great Kock in a Weary Land." 567

187. Sheep-Pens at Moqui 569

188. Entering Moqui " Jokow, Jokow, Melicano, Jokow!" 572

189. Northwest Front of Moqui 575

190. Distant View of Oraybe 577

191. Group of Moquis 580

192. Street in the " Dead Town." 583

193. Tuba and Telashnimki 584

194. One of Six Bronze Plates dug up near Kinderhook, 111., in 1843 598

195. " Break in the Formation." 604

196. A Friendly Apache 607

197. Skull of Mangus Colorado, or "Bed Sleeve." a "Good Indian." 608

198. Formation on the Streams 610

199. Scene on the Colorado 612

200. Peak of Conglomerate 616

201. Espanol 621

202. "Todos Muertos, P6ro mas Apaches." 631

203. Getting Down to the Colorado , 632

204. Mountain Meadow Massacre 132 Emigrant's killed by Mormons, etc.. 647

205. At Jacob's Pool 655

206. "Happy Family " Utes '. 657

207. Kanarra Southern Utah 660

208. Salt Lake Theatre , 668

209. Lower Falls of the Yellowstone, Wyoming, (350 Feet in Hight.) 670

210. On Guard 673

211. Tower Falls Wyoming 676

212. Bird's-Eye View of the Geyser Basin 679

213. Upper Falls of the Yellowstone 680

214. Yellowstone Lake 681

215. The Giantess Yellowstone 688

216. The Old Way Across the Plains 692

217. Monument Kock Echo Canon 693

218. Mormon Temple at Nauvoo, Illinois 696



22 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

219. Nauvoo Militia and "General" Joseph Smith PAGE 697

220. Trappers in Northern Dakota 699

221. People of Pembina, and their Ox-Carts 700

222. Old Fort Benton Montana 702

223. The Author, being in Feeble Health, Goes to Minnesota 707

224. The Author, being Feeble in Pocket, Returns from Minnesota 708

225. Scene on a Minnesota Lake 712

226. St. Paul 715

227. Falls of St. Anthony 717

228. Missionary among the Minnesota Indians 723

229. N. P. R. R. Bridge over Mississippi, near Brainerd, Minn 728

230. Dalles of the St. Louis 733

231. Duluth 735

232. In the Tunnel Sierra Nevada 742

233. Donner Lake Sierra Nevada 743

234. Snow Sheds on the Central Pacific 744

235. Acorn Caches of the California Indians 748

236. "Venus and Adonis" Digger Indians 752

237. Rough on the Old Man 755

238. Falls of the Willamette 760

239. Portland Oregon From East Side of Willamette 764

240. Street in Olympia Washington Territory. 766

241. Puget Sound and Mt. Rainier 768

242. "A Little Qualmish." 774

243. Point Arena Lighthouse Coast of California 776

244. Bancroft's great Publishing House San Francisco 777



VBR2ITY.




CONTENTS.



CHAPTER I.

I MAKE A START.

Why I went West Poor health" Infallible cures " Impecuniosity Try
the newspapers Doubtful prospects Leave Evansville Stop in Wis-
consin The Mound Region Boscobel Into Iowa Swedes and Nor-
wegians Westward afoot A model farmer Wire-fence Planting
timber Resources of Iowa Iowa Falls "Wall-Lake" Fanciful theo-
ries Scientific fact Fort Dodge Grasshoppers A pleasant excursion
" Purgatory" and " Hell " Sloughs " Bad for women and oxen" Twin
Lakes Ida City Over the " Divide " Denison Down the C. & N. W.
R. R. Council Bluffs and Omaha On the border at last 33

CHAPTER II.
A COMMON MISTAKE.

Our land of promise Pleasing errors Painful but wholesome truths
" The Great American Desert " not a myth Causes of sterility Drought
Elevation and cold Alkali Minerals Bitter Creek " Journey of
Death" Travel on the Deserts Bunch grass Grand divisions of the
West View of the Plains Routes across the Continent Freighting
under difficulties Railroad and emigration circulars Caveat emptor:
"Let the buyer look out" 50

CHAPTER III.
FIVE WEEKS IN NEBRASKA.

Omaha Glorious anticipations Prosaic facts A bit of history Florence
An invasion of place hunters Disappointment On the road to Fon-
tanelle Elkhorn Valley Lost on the prairie "Any port in a storm "
Down to the Platte Fremont Down Platte Valley Intense heat Want

23



24 CONTENTS.

of domestic economy Romantic hash Victuals and poetry Bovine
apotheosis Farming in Nebraska Room for three hundred thousand
farmers Climate Society " Professional starvation " Through Sarpy
County Youthful connubiality Artificial groves Increase of rain-fall
Omaha politics " Bilks " " Hunting for work, hoping to not find it "... 63



CHAPTER IV.
ON THE UNION PACIFIC.

Up the Platte Valley Beauty by moonlight ; barrenness by day Getting
on to the desert North Platte " The gentle gazelle " " Dog-town "
Not dogs, but rodents " Indians ahead " The dangerous district Cross-
ing the Plains in 1866 " The noble Red Man " Cheyenne Vigorous
reduction of the population Black Hill Sherman Down to Laramie
The Alkali Desert Benton A beautiful summer resort ! Manners and
morals (?) Bravery of the impecunious Murder and mob Vigilantes
Murderer rescued by the military and escapes Amusements " Big Tent "
" Now, then, gentlemen, the ace is your winning card" "Cappers"
and Victims No fairness in gambling 79

CHAPTER V.
ON A MULE.

A new profession Off for Salt Lake City A Mormon outfit Nature of the
overland freight Its extent Great expenses and enormous profits
Luxury of miners and mountaineers Changed to the railroad " Kiting
towns" Jonah's gourd Benton a year afterwards Platte City Our
company Mulewhacker's Theology Pleasant gossip on polygamy
Journal of the route Horrors of Bitter Creek Heat, cold, thirst, dust,
fatigue Green River Bridger Plains Echo Canon Weber Canon
Parley's Park Down Parley's Canon Salt Lake Valley and City 96

CHAPTER VI.
A YEAR IN UTAH.

Discharging freight " Beautiful Zion " First impressions " Our Bishop "
Arguments (?) for polygamy Rough on Rome Mormon Worthies
Jews, Gentiles, and Apostates Queer condition of American citizens
" Millennial Star " and " Book of Mormon "The original carpet-baggers
" Jaredites " Mormon sermons Into the country A polemic race
Mormon conference " No trade with Gentiles " A hard winter I be-
come a Gentile editor Founding of Corinne Glowing anticipations
" The Chicago of the Rocky Mountains " Ups and downs of real estate
The Author comes to grief. 108



CONTENTS. 25

CHAPTER VII.
THE UNION PACIFIC COMPLETED.

The last rail and spike A visit home An unofficial tour Whitney, Ben-
ton, Burton, Fremont, Stansbury, Saxton, and Gunnison Difficulties of
constructure Where is the real starting point ? Missouri River Bridge
Out the Platte Fremont Columbus On the plains again Jules-
burg Smoothness of the route Delightful traveling Cheyenne A
Western Jeffreys ! Laramie again A tragedy A miracle, perhaps!
" Big Ed's " guardian angel Pyramid rocks Beauties of Laramie Plains
Desert west of them Wasatch Echo and Weber Promontory Moral
gamblers Reflections 126

CHAPTER VIII,

THE GREAT BASIN.

Hunting new fields Gentile needs Mines or nothing Southward
Sevier Mines Gilmer and Saulsbury Rockwell's Ranche The Utah
Basin Will it be sacred ground? A family ticket Social robbery-
Chicken Creek " Them mules is in the sagebrush ; you go hunt 'em ! "
Gunnison Sevier Valley Abandoned towns Marysvale Up the Gulch
Drawbacks to the district Mr. Jacob Hess My later experience The
habitable lands of Utah and Nevada Productions Fruits True policy
with the State and Territory " Mormon enterprise " A silver State
Sunken deserts Death Valley^Mournful reminiscence 142

CHAPTER IX,
THROUGH NEVADA.

Out of a place A wanderer again Tired of Utah Westward Promontory
Salty district Queer calculations Down the Humboldt Elko White
Pine "John Chinamen "Humboldt Canon Desert Reese River
" Sinks "Morning at Truckee Beauty of the Sierras Eureka ! Don-
ner and Bigler Lakes Western Slope " Forty miles of snow sheds "
Mining towns Cape Horn Sublime scenery Scientific engineering
Swiftly downward Scenery of the Pacific slope Out upon the plain
The California autumn Suburbs of Sacramento 153

CHAPTER X.

AFOOT IN CALIFORNIA.

New Spain Poetry and fact Saxon and Spaniard Cavalier and Pioneer
Our Heroic Age The American Iliad Sacramento Yolo county
" Tules "Chinese California Central R. R. Ague High and Low



26 CONTENTS.

Water-marksChinese and Chinese labor Acclimating sickness Davis-
ville Sericulture Warner's Vineyard The land of grapes Pears,
apples, and figs Up Putah Creek Drouth and dust The rainy season
at hand Fruit farms near the coast range Ranches only, not homes
Popular reasons therefor Agricultural items Shall we settle in rural
California Chinese " Devil-drive " Mongolian Theology " Josh "
Blowing up the Devil Ah Ching's opinion " China like Melica man ! "
Off for " Frisco ".... .. 167



CHAPTER XI.

UTAH AGAIN.

Elected defendant Utah law Polygamous judges Trial at Brigham City
Assault on the author Skilful surgery Rapid recovery " Write a
history of the Mormons ! "Visit the East Return to Utah Political-
Bear River canal scheme Author goes to Washington Miseries of a
lobbyist Election of 1870 Gen. Geo. R. Maxwell Debate on polygamy
Cui bonof Mormon morals and Gentile associations 183

CHAPTER XII.
I START AGAIN.

Another misfortune and change of scene Kansas City Lawrence Early
tragedies Later horrors Last great success Southward Ottawa
" Don't mention it, Deacon "Franklin County Anderson Ozark
Ridge Allen County lola Western enterprise Montgomery County
Beautiful Mounds Cherry vale Northward A modern Methuselah
Troy Ready to report 197

CHAPTER XIII.

STATISTICAL KANSAS.

Emigrants, attention ! Topography of Kansas Climate Three divisions-
Amount of good land Productiveness Figures Fruit Beautiful Homes
Southern border Snakes Local flavoring Bad case of Trichina The
Kansas farmer 216

CHAPTER XIV.
A FLYING TRIP.

Down to St. Joseph Up the Missouri Valley Omaha again Dull times
on the Missouri Reasons given Off for Sioux City Up-country people
Yankton Caught in a storm Dakota Black Hills Gold ! perhaps
Sioux IAPE OAHYE Called westward Union Pacific Mormondom
again Over to " Frisco" 235



CONTENTS. 27

CHAPTER XV.
WONDERS OF THE SIERRAS.

Off for Calaveras The route Copperopolis Up the Sierras First view of
the Grove Particular trees Emotions excited Route thence to Yosemite
Table Mountain Bret Harte Terrible descent Into the Valley A
world of wonders Fatigue and reflection Description impossible 251

CHAPTER XVI.

SKETCHES IN SAN FRANCISCO.

Return from Yosemite Summary of trip Does it pay? Climate of San
Francisco Of the State Variety in " Frisco "The Barbary Coast
Chinese Theatre The Cliff House and Seal Rocks Literature of the
Pacific Joaquin Miller Frances Rose Mackinley Morals and manners
Excitement and wearing out An inventive Race The Chinese again... 290

CHAPTER XVII.

" JOHN."

Popular nonsense about the Chinese The bugbear Chinaman The roman-
tic Chinaman The real article His history, art, music and drama
Objections to them considered Do they cheapen labor? Will they over-
run the country ? Do they degrade labor ? Their condition Missionary
work Sacramento system Rev. O. Gibson Better specimens Yellow
Chinese Mrs. Laisun and daughters Chinese students Hope for the
race.... .. 313



CHAPTER XVIII.
MINES AND MINING.

A prospect Outline of mining region The Cottonwoods How I came
there Mormon anti-mining sermons The dry summer Unhealthfulness
of Salt Lake City I go to the mountains " Prospectors " We hunt a
mine Mode of silver mining Different in gold mining One chance in
twenty-five thousand for an " Emma " or " Comstock " " Struck a horse "
Over to Big Cottonwood Fire in the mountains Promise of war in
Utah False alarm Off for Bingham Chicago fire Thence to East
Canon I invest And come out minus 326



28 CONTENTS.

CHAPTER XIX.

A CHANGE OF BASE.

A hard winter The last rain Eastward A merry party The great Block-
ade On the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad Southwestern Missouri
Among the Cherokees Spring roads Up into Kansas Meet C. G. Du
Bruler, Esq., and return Down to Muscogee 348

CHAPTER XX.

MUSCOKEE.

Desperadoes Laxity of Government Out to the Agency Stirring up a
rattler "A free nigger settlement "Creek History Tallahassee Mission
Delightful experiences Creek education System of government Back
to Muscogee Reckless shooting State of the region 369

CHAPTER XXI.

OKLAHOMA.

Railroads The Thirty-fifth parallel route Down to the Canadian In the
Choctaw Nation Tandy Walker, Esq. Secretary Delano visits the Terri-
tory Tramp to Fort Gibson " White Cherokees " again An Indian
feud At Widow Skrimshee's " Pikes," on the animal migration Tahle-
quah Cherokee documents Curious records History of the Nation
Summary of the Indian Territory 396

CHAPTER XXII.

AROUND AND ABOUT TO SANTA FE.

No thoroughfare from Indian Territory Northward through Kansas On
the Plains at Last The Ride over the Kansas Pacific Ellsworth, and its
Former Felicities In the Buffalo Country The " Big Pasture" of Amer-
ica Arrival at Denver " Them's my Sentiments "The Country from
Denver to Santa Fe A case of Delirium Tremens 431



CHAPTER XXIII.

SANTA FE DE SAN FRANCISCO.

First impressions Location of the city U. S. officials Learning Spanish
The Baile Valse da Spachio Mexican Law Religion Children



CONTENTS.



29



Dark vs. white races Mexican transportation Historical Remarkable
journey of De Vaca and his companions Expedition of Coronado " The
seven cities of Cibola ! " " The American occupation "Query 451



CHAPTER XXIV.

" GREASERDOM."

Off from Santa Fe La Bajada Rio Grande Valley The Pueblo de San
Domingo Mexican farms Albuquerque Crossing the Rio Grande
On the Desert Rio Puerco El Rito "Town of the Lake" Cubero
McCarty's Ranche Murder by the Navajoes Agua Azul The extinct
volcano Summit of the Sierra Madre At Wingate My soldier comes to
grief. 479

CHAPTER XXV.
AMONG THE NAVAJOES.

At Fort Wingate Natural beauty Wealth of nature A region of curiosi-
ties The Zunis Their wonderful civilization Cation de Chaco San
Juan ruins On to Defiance Navajo history Their semi-civilization
Their wars with the Spaniards American relations Major Brooks' negro
Navajo War Subjugation and decline Their return and progress
End of stay at Defiance Sounds of wrath from Santa Fe Apology An
original " pome " 511

CHAPTER XXVI.
A RIDE THROUGH WONDERLAND.

Diamonds ! perhaps Curious stones in the Navajo country Ready Kind-
ness of Agent Keams Navajo Forest Entering De Chelley The " Cliff



Online LibraryJ. H. (John Hanson) BeadleThe undeveloped west or, Five years in the territories. Being a complete history of that vast region between the Mississippi and the Pacific, its resources, climate, inhabitants, natural curiosities, etc., etc. Life and adventure on prairies, mountains, and the Pacific coast. With two hundred and fo → online text (page 1 of 55)