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Florence, July SO, 1907. Mrs. Matz's father, Charles Mather Henderson, was a
prominent citizen of Chicago from 1853 until his death in 1896. He was a direct
descendant of Cotton Mather, and was born in New Hartford, Connecticut, in 1834.
For many years he was president of C. M. Henderson & Company, one of the largest
boot and shoe houses in the west. After the Chicago fire in 1871 he was active in
assisting in the reorganization of the Chicago fire department. At one time he was
president of the Young Men's Christian Association and for many 'years was super-
intendent of the Railroad Chapel Sunday school. He became one of the founders
of the Citizens Association, also of the Chicago Relief and Aid Society, was a trustee
of the Home for Incurables and of the Children's Aid Society, and a director of the
Third National Bank and the National Bank of America. While he occupied a
position of prominence in commercial and financial circles, he was equally widely
known because of the specific aid which he gave to many good works done in the
name of charity and religion.

Mr. and Mrs. Matz formerly attended the Second Presbyterian church of Chicago,
in which he served as a trustee from 1902 until 1904. Their home is now situated
at Hubbard Wopds and he is a trustee of the W T innetka Congregational church. He
is likewise a member of the excutive committee of the Western Society for the Sup-
pression of Vice. His political allegiance is given to the republican party and that
he is interested in matters of progressive citizenship and questions of vital interest
to the city is indicated by the fact that he is serving as a trustee of the Civic Federa-
tion of Chicago. He is also a director and president of the Legal Aid Society of
Chicago and because of his professional connection is a member of the American
Bar Association, the Illinois State Bar Association and the Chicago Bar Association.
He also belongs to the Alpha Delta Phi and Phi Beta Kappa, college fraternities,
and is an alumnus visitor of Williams College. He holds membership with the
University Club, the Chicago Literary Club, the' Chicago Law Club, the Skokie Coun-
try Club, the City Club, all of Chicago, and the Alpha Delta Phi Club of New York






CHICAGO: ITS HISTORY AND ITS BUILDERS 35

city. His life has at all times been honorable and upright, characterized by un-
faltering adherence to those principles which, aside from any business or social dis-
tinction to which he has attained, win for the individual the unqualified respect and
trust of his fellowmen.



GUSTAF H. CARLSON.

Gustaf H. Carlson is perhaps the most prominent surveyor in America of
Swedish descent and such is his standing in his profession that he has been re-
tained for expert work in many important connections, his word coming to be
widely accepted as authority. He was born in Malmo, Sweden, April 16, 1848,
and at the age of twelve years went to Germany, pursuing his education in the
schools of Schleswig until graduated from the technical institute at Christianfeld.
In 1869 he returned to Sweden and the following year sailed for America, making
his way first to Kansas, where he remained until 1873.

In that year he came to Chicago and his name has since been closely associated
with the most important surveys made in this city and vicinity. From 1874 until
1877 he was engaged as village engineer of Hyde Park, surveying the village and
compiling an official atlas for said village. The thoroughness and exactness of his
work in this connection brought him at once into such prominence that the fol-
lowing year the democratic nomination was tendered him unsolicited. Later Mr.
Carlson compiled atlases of the city of Chicago, the city of Lake View and the
town of Lake. He had previously formed a partnership with Samuel S. Greely
for the publication of these atlases under the firm name of Greely, Carlson &
Company, which in 1887 was incorporated under the name of the Greely-Carlson
Company. For ten years afterward Mr. Carlson continued as manager of the com-
pany and all of the work including the planning of town sites, subdivisions and
cemeteries, was thus under his personal supervision. These atlases are regarded
as authority and are used by the various departments of the city government and
in the offices of attorneys and real-estate firms. The towns of Hegewish, Pullman,
Normal Park, Auburn Park, Chicago Heights and Edgewater are among those
laid out by Mr. Carlson. He is frequently consulted as an eminent authority in
cases of disputed boundaries in the city of Chicago and also in this state and in
other states when a high degree of accuracy is required.

In 1898 Mr. Carlson sold his interest in the Greely-Carlson Company and
opened an independent office at what is now No. 25 North Dearborn street, where
he is still located. Among other important surveys made for the city of Chicago
Mr. Carlson undertook on the 10th of January, 1903, a survey from Madison street
to Van Buren street for the depot grounds of the Pennsylvania Railroad. This
survey was made with the ultimate purpose of widening the Chicago river, the
survey being to determine the accuracy of previous surveys and the right to some
of the property held by the Pennsylvania Railroad which contested the right of
the city for endeavoring to encroach on what they termed was their rightful prop-
erty. The sanitary board employed Mr. Matheson, who originally laid out the
Illinois and Michigan canal and whose authority on such questions had previously



36 CHICAGO: ITS HISTORY AND ITS BUILDERS

never been questioned. Mr. Matheson's survey showed that the railroad com-
pany's property encroached on the Chicago river and on the strength of this survey
they brought a suit of ejectment against the railroad company. Mr. Carlson's
expert testimony was called into the case of the people of the state of Illinois
against the Illinois Steel Company in regard to the property occupied by the south
works of the Illinois Steel Company along the shore of Lake Michigan at South
Chicago, that in pursuance of such employment he made such survey and examined
the records of the United States engineering department, showing the location of
the lake shore in that vicinity from time to time, and that from such survey and
examination of such records he found that land had been made along the shore
line from Seventy-ninth street to Calumet river to the extent of one hundred and
eighty-seven and a fraction acres. Furthermore as the result of his survey it was
ascertained that other land, together with the extent of two hundred and thirty-
four and thirty-five huiidredths acres was reclaimed by the Illinois Steel Company
and that this was worth twenty-three thousand, four hundred and thirty-five dollars.

On the 8th of November, 1878, Mr. Carlson was married to Miss Julie Vodoz,
of Vevey, Switzerland, and unto them have been born a son and daughter, Gustaf
and Julie Vodoz, named respectively for the father and mother. The son who is
in business with his father is thoroughly proficient in that line and is now general
office manager.

In religious faith Mr. Carlson is a Christian Scientist and in politics is a demo-
crat of the old school but is not so bound by party ties that he does not feel that he
can vote independently. In fact he did cast a presidential ballot for Wiliam Mc-
Kinley. He is an associate member of the Chicago Real Estate Board but is not
prominent as a club man. He makes his home at Glen Ellyn and is interested in
the progress and welfare of that attractive suburb. Thorough technical training
qualified him for the work to which he has devoted his life and in which he has
made continuous progress until he stands as one of the foremost surveyors of the
countrv.



ELIJAH BERNIS SHERMAN, LL. D.

Honors multiplied unto Elijah Bernis Sherman as the years passed and his life
became recognized as of large worth in the profession of the law, in citizenship and
in the field of literature. He was an attorney of marked ability, a writer of grace
and force, an orator whose eloquence never failed to move his hearers, and under-
all circumstances he measured up to the high standards which make of the indi-
vidual a serviceable factor in the world's work and progress and what else is
there in life? Mr. Sherman was born in Fairfield, Vermont, June 18, 1832, and
came of the same ancestry as General William Tecumseh Sherman and the Hon.
John Sherman, the line being traced back to Samuel Sherman, who came from
England in 1637 and settled in Connecticut. His grandfather was Ezra Sherman,
who removed from Connecticut to Vermont about the beginning of the nineteenth
century. His son, Elias Huntington Sherman, married a granddaughter of the




E. B. SHEUMAX



CHICAGO: ITS HISTORY AND ITS BUILDERS 39

Rev. Peter Worden, a distinguished patriot and pioneer minister prominent in the
early history of western Massachusetts and southern Vermont.

It has been said of Elijah B. Sherman that he inherited his full share of the
energy, courage, self-reliance and ambition which characterized his ancestors. Un-
til his majority he lived and toiled on a farm, acquired a common-school education,
and at nineteen began teaching a district school. His boyhood comprehended the
almost invariable conditions from which the energy of our large cities is each year
recruited. He had ambition without apparent opportunity, a taste for literature
without access to it, a predisposition to thoughtfulness without the ordinary scho-
lastic channels in which to employ it. But what he then supposed were limitations
upon his life were in reality the highest opportunities. With nature for a tutor
and himself and his environment for studies he found a. school from which the
city-bred boy is barred and whence issue the men who in city and country make
events.

Elijah B. Sherman was a pupil in the schools of Brandon and Manchester and
in 1856 matriculated in Middlebury College, from which he was graduated with
honors in 1860. He then took up the profession of teaching and resigned his posi-
tion as principal of the Brandon Seminary in 1862 in order that he might aid the
Union. After assisting in raising a company of the Ninth Vermont Infantry he
enlisted as a private but on the organization of the regiment was elected second
lieutenant. In September of that year the command was captured at Harper's
Ferry but was paroled and sent to Camp Douglas, Chicago, to await exchange.
Three months having passed in enforced idleness, Lieutenant Sherman resigned
in January, 1863, and entered the law department of the Chicago University, from
which he was graduated the following year. Twenty years later he delivered the
annual address before the associated alumni of his alma mater and, with the law
for his theme, set forth a masterly presentation of the majesty and beneficence of
the law, its supreme importance as a factor of civilization, and a severe arraign-
ment of the defective administration of the criminal law by the tribunals of the
country. The trustees of the college conferred upon him the honorary degree
of LL. D., a distinction more highly prized because the college has conferred the
degree upon few of its graduates who have attained eminence. From 1894 until
his death Mr. Sherman was one of the trustees of the college and actively inter-
ested in its administration.

In the stirring times of the Civil war and the period which immediately pre-
ceded it, it was impossible for any man who had the least spark of national pride
and patriotism in him not to become actively interested in politics. Mr. Sherman
was early recognized as a stanch advocate of the republican party, which was formed
to prevent the further extension of slavery. He had been trained in a school of
abolition thought, for his father's home was one of the stations on the famous
underground railroad, whereby many a fugitive slave was assisted on his way to
freedom in the north. Throughout his life Mr. Sherman remained a close and dis-
criminating student of the vital questions of the day and following his election to
the general assembly in 1876 became a recognized leader in that body, which num-
bered among its members some of the most prominent men of Illinois. He was
made chairman of the judiciary committee and was largely influential in securing
the passage of the act establishing appellate courts. His personal and professional



40 CHICAGO: ITS HISTORY AND ITS BUILDERS

character also made him one of the most influential supporters of General Logan
for reelection to the United States senate. Mr. Sherman's course received in-
dorsement in reelection in 1878 and during his second term he was chairman of the
committee on corporations and a member of the committee on militia. In 1877 an
act had been passed organizing the Illinois National Guard, which in 1879 was
amended, amplified and largely brought into its present shape. Governor Cullom
recognized the important part Mr. Sherman had taken in this work and appointed
him judge advocate of the first brigade with the rank of lieutenant colonel, which
position he filled until 1884. He never held political office other than that of leg-
islator, preferring at all times to concentrate his energies upon his professional
interests. A contemporary writer has said of him in this connection: "Mr. Sher-
man's duties as master in chancery of the United States circuit court commenced
under appointment of Judges Harlan, Drummond and Blodgett in 1879. In that
capacity his penetrating judgment and judicial acumen have had full and con-
tinuous exercise and have established his high character as a chancery judge and
won the general approval of attorneys and those who have brought matters before
him for adjudication. In 1884, Mr. Sherman was appointed chief supervisor of
elections for the northern district of Illinois and supervised the congressional elec-
tions until the time of the repeal of the law for ten years later. At the November
election of 1892 he appointed fourteen hundred supervisors who registered two
hundred and sixty-seven thousand voters, made inquiry as to their right to vote,
scrutinized the votes cast and made return to the chief supervisor as to the results.
The delicate duties of this responsible position were performed so ably and fairly
that he chief supervisor received unstinted commendation."

Mr. Sherman's name should ever have an honored place on the roster of Illi-
nois' distinguished attorneys from the fact that he was one of the founders of the
Illinois State Bar Association in 1877 and rendered valuable service thereto as
its president in 1882. The same year he became a member of the American Bar
Association and was its vice president from Illinois in 1885 and 1899. For many
years he was a member and officer of the American Institute of Civics, a society
whose membership included citizens of high character and commanding influence
from every state of the Union. He likewise belonged to the National Municipal
League and was a close student of every subject that bore directly and indirectly
upon the welfare of city, state and nation. His patriotic impulses and military serv-
ice drew him to membership in the Grand Army of the Republic and the Illinois
Commandery of the Loyal Legion. He was prominent in the Odd Fellows society,
having been grand master of the Illinois grand lodge and grand representative to
the sovereign grand lodge, while in Masonry he attained the Knight Templar de-
gree of the York Rite and the thirty-second degree of the Scottish Rite, belonging
to Chicago Commandery and to Oriental Consistory. He was welcomed to the
membership of the Philosophical Society, the Saracen, Alliance, Oakland Culture
and Twentieth Century Clubs, wherein he found literary companionship and was
also honored with office, serving as president of several of the organizations. He
was fond of belles lettres and delighted in the exquisite charm of the masterpieces
of literature. His excellent literary ability and taste are seen in many essays
from his pen, which show a unique and vigorous style, enriched by a chastened
fancy and glowing with gentle and genial humor. His interest in his native state



CHICAGO: ITS HISTORY AND ITS BUILDERS 41

and his pardonable pride in what his ancestors had wrought and in the noble herit-
age which New England had bequeathed to her sons and daughters, led to his deep
interest in the Illinois Association of the Sons of Vermont. He was its president
and later when it was merged into the New England Society of Chicago, he served
for two years as president of the latter. He paid glowing tribute to New England
in his introductory address and on that occasion said:

"Let others meet to chant the praises of science. We assemble in the name of
a pure sentiment. The votaries of science may smile at our supposed weakness ;
we, in turn, may deride their affected wisdom, remembering that science has given
us none of the words that touch the heart and unseal the deep fountains of the
soul friendship and patriotism, piety and worship, love, hope and immortality.
The sweet solace of the matchless trinity mother, home and heaven is neither
the blossoming of reason nor the product of scientific research, but the efflorescence
of a divinely implanted sentiment. Science, indeed, is the primeval, barren rock;
but sentiment disintegrates its flinty surface, converts it into fertile soil, gives the
joyous sunshine and the falling rain, brings from afar the winged seed, and lo!
the once sterile surface is clad with pleasing verdure, rich with ripening grain,
fragrant with budding flowers, and vocal with the hum of living things."

In kindly remembrance of his college life and affiliations and yielding to the
unanimous wish of the annual conventions, he was elected honorary president of
the national society of the Delta Upsilon fraternity for thirteen years. In 1894
he delivered a scholarly address at the convention held in Chicago on "Scholarship
and Heroism," a few sentences of which will illustrate this eloquent appeal to the
young men who are to control the destinies of the morrow:

"Scholarship holds in equilibrium the instrumentalities and agencies of civiliza-
tion, even as gravitation reaches its invisible arm into infinite space and bears onward
in their harmonious orbits uncounted worlds, while it cares tenderly for the tiniest
grain of sand on the seashore and softly cradles in its bosom the fleeciest cloud
which floats across the sky. From the serene heights where scholarship sways its
benign scepter its message has come to you, at once an invitation and an impera-
tive summons. You have been bidden to join the shining cohorts of the world's
greatest benefactors. You have obeyed the divine mandate. You have taken upon
yourself the tacit vows of heroic living. You are dedicated to the exalted service
of scholarship; its sanctions demand your instant and implicit obedience. Con-
secrated to this ennobling service, this priesthood of humanity, let not your foot-
steps falter, nor your courage fail. Stand firm, remembering the words of the
Master: 'No man having put his hand to the plow and looking back is fit for the
kingdom of God.' If heroic impulse comes to men in humble life, surely it can
come no less to those whom culture and scholarship have broadened and enriched
and ennobled. If opportunity for heroic endeavor comes to those whose lives run
in narrow channels, much more does it come to those to whom the world is indebted
for its advancement and improvement."

While declaring that scholarship and heroism are allied powers of civilization
and joined by divine edict, Mr. Sherman paid a beautiful tribute to the humble
heroes and heroines who have lived and died in obscurity: "While I have thus em-
phasized the heroism of true scholarship and cherishing as I do a feeling of pro-
found reverence and admiration for the great heroes who through the ages have



42 CHICAGO: ITS HISTORY AND ITS BUILDERS

wrought grandly for humanity and achieved enduring renown, whose inspired utter-
ances and shining deeds have been graven upon imperishable tablets and who have
bequeathed to us and all coming generations the inestimable legacy of their illus-
trious example, I must yet confess a doubt whether the most magnificent exemplars
of heroism have not been found in the humbler walks of life, among those who
in their simplicity of soul and modest grandeur of character never dreamed that in
all the essentials of true manhood and womanhood they held high rank in heaven's
untitled aristocracy. How many heroic souls, obscure and unknown, whose names
have perished from remembrance, were wrought and fashioned in nature's divinest
mold and have made their lives sublime by gracious deeds of beneficence and self-
abnegation. As the most delicate and fragrant flowers are often found nestling
modestly among the dead leaves or peeping timidly forth from some shady bower,
so the most resplendent virtues blossom and diffuse their sweet aroma beside the
lowliest and roughest paths trodden by bruised and bleeding feet. The rose may
seem to add pride to peerless beauty; the lily to minimize its delicacy by a tacit
demand for admiration ; but the shy arbutus yields its unrivaled fragrance only
to the earnest wooer who seeks it with loving care in the hidden nook where it
was planted by fairy hands and perfumed by the breath of dainty dryads. God
has vouchsafed to the world no choicer blessing than the unconscious heroes and
heroines who give to earth its greatest charm, and without whose presence heaven
would suffer irreparable loss."

Touching the home life of Mr. Sherman, those who knew the man and his high
ideals can never doubt the pleasant relations which there existed. Naught else
in life held the sacred place in his affections which did his home. He was married
in 1866 to Miss Harriett G. Lovering, a daughter of S. M. Lovering, who at that
time was a resident of Iowa Falls, Iowa, but was a native of Vermont. Mrs.
Sherman has been spoken of as a woman of excellent judgment, self-poised and
self-reliant, has read widely of the best literature and is held in high esteem by
all who know her. She belongs to the Chicago Woman's Club, the Daughters of
the American Revolution, the Colonial Daughters of Patriots and Founders and
was one of the organizers of the patriotic society known as the Dames of the Loyal
Legion, being now president of the national organization. Their only living son,
Bernis Wilmarth Sherman, was graduated from Middlebury College of Vermont
in 1890, from the Northwestern University College of Law in 1892 and is now
assistant city attorney. He belongs to the Loyal Legion and the Chicago and Illi-
nois State Bar Associations and, inspired by the noble example of his father, has
achieved an excellent reputation as a lawyer, man and citizen. He married Eva
Stanley Stearns, of Kalamazoo, Michigan, and they have two children, Wilmarth
A. and Frederick J.

The death of Elijah B. Sherman occurred May 1, 1910. In his early residence
in Chicago he had been a member of Dr. Evart's church and afterward attended the
services of Professor Swing and upon the death of the latter had become a sup-
porter of Dr. Gunsaulus' church. Seldom does a family receive as many resolu-
tions on the death of any individual as came to Mrs. Sherman at the time of her
husband's demise from the various societies and organizations with which he was
connected, containing strong expressions of high regard and honor entertained for
him. He had passed the seventy-seventh milestone on life's journey and his life,



CHICAGO: ITS HISTORY AND ITS BUILDERS 43

growiilg richer mentally and spiritually as the years passed on, had given out of
its rich stores of wisdom and experience for the benefit of others. He was ready
to meet every demand that came to him in the course of an active life fraught with
large responsibilities. The splendid use he had made of his time, talents and oppor-
tunities had equipped him for the important work which he was called upon to do
and which gave decided impetus to the city's progress and improvement and up-
held its legal, political and moral status.



GEORGE PECK MERRICK.

As man leaves the elemental and approaches a higher civilization, using in mul-
tiple forms the varied natural resources of the country, and from the results achieved
therein evolves still more intricate interests wherein the rights and privileges of
an increasing number of individuals are involved, the complexities of the law have
become greater and legal problems more difficult of solution. Gradually, therefore,



Online LibraryJ. Seymour (Josiah Seymour) CurreyChicago: its history and its builders, a century of marvelous growth (Volume v.5) → online text (page 4 of 74)