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J. Seymour (Josiah Seymour) Currey.

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Unto Mr. and Mrs. McCormick were born seven children. His sons have be-
come his successors in the management and control of the immense business
established by the father, Cyrus Hall McCormick, Jr., being now president of the
International Harvester Company, Harold its treasurer and Stanley its comp-
troller. The second son, Robert, died in infancy. The daughters were Mary
Virginia, Anita and Alice. Mary Virginia was born May 5, 1861. Anita, born
July 4, 1866, was married September 26, 1886, to Emmons Elaine, who died
June 18, 1892, leaving a son, Emmons Elaine, born August 30, 1890. Alice Mc-
Cormick, born May 15, 1870, died January 27, 1871.

Those who saw Mr. McCormick only in business relations and witnessed evi-
dences of his irresistible energy and unfaltering determination, sometimes felt
that there was no other side to his life, and yet he was a man of deep sentiment,
who loved music and was "as fond of flowers as a child." He said: "I' love
best the old-fashioned pinks, because they grew in my mother's garden in Virginia."
and on more than one occasion the tears came into his eyes at the sight of moun-
tains, recalling memories of his old Virginian home. He held friendship inviolable
and the accumulation of wealth affected in no way his relations with his fellowmen.

In early manhood Mr. McCormick united with the Presbyterian church and
to that faith always adhered, but his was the practical working Christianity rather
than that of dogma or creed. When wealth came to him he remembered the im-
pressions which he formed on one of his early trips through the west concern-
ing profanity, infidelity and immorality then prevalent. He felt that the people
of these towns and villages needed religious instruction and soon after his success
had reached the million dollar mark he determined to establish the best possible
college for the education of ministers. In 1859 he offered one hundred thousand
dollars for the founding of a theological school in Chicago and thus McCormick
Theological Seminary, originally called the Northwestern Seminary, came into
existence. His first bequest was but the forerunner of a generous support which
he always accorded to the school. About 1872 he purchased The Interior, a re-
ligious weekly of the highest rank, and it is said that no matter how weighty
or important were business affairs, he always had time to talk to his editors and
his professors. His last public speech, read by his son Cyrus, because he was too
weak to deliver it himself, was given at the laying of the cornerstone of a new
college building that he had erected. This speech closed with the words: "I
never doubted that success would ultimately reward our efforts, and now, on this
occasion, we may fairly say that the night has given place to the dawn of a
brighter day than any which has hitherto shone upon us."

No one ever had reason to question the position of Cyrus Hall McCormick upon
any vital issue or problem. He stood with the same fearlessness in support of his
political views that he did when defending his rights in commercial and manu-
facturing circles. He was an advocate of Jefferson democracy but found the
greatest delight in listening to the distinguished statesmen in the senate. He was
himself never successful in politics, although several times a candidate for office.
One of his biographers said: "He was not the sort of man who gets elected. He



750 CHICAGO: ITS HISTORY AND ITS BUILDERS

stood for his whole party at a time when the average politician was standing only
for himself. He talked of 'fundamental principles' while the other leaders, for
the most part, were thinking of salaries. He gave up his time and his money as
freely for politics as he did for religion; but he was out of his element. He was
too sincere, too simple, too intent upon a larger view of public questions. He
could never talk the flexible language of diplomacy nor suit his theme to tne
prejudice of his listeners. No other man of his day, either in or out of public
office, was so free from local prejudices and so intensely national in his beliefs
and sympathies." After the close of the Civil war, which had divided churches
as well as the country, he was one of the first to advocate unity among them, say-
ing: "When are we to look for the return of brotherly love and Christian fel-
lowship so long as those who aspire to fill the high places of the church indulge
in such wrath and bitterness ? Now that the great conflict of the Civil war is
past and its issues settled, religion and patriotism alike require trie exercise of
mutual forbearance and the pursuit of those things which tend to peace." He
himself never held personal prejudice or cherished resentments and was very
quick to forgive. He ever attempted to maintain a most just and kindly policy
with his employes and felt the keenest pride in the loyalty of his workmen.
Even when his employes were many in number he could call a large majority of
them by name and he never refused to extend a helping hand when he felt that
aid was needed.

Death came to Mr. McCormick on the 13th of May, 1884. He was a man
of splendid physique, six feet in height, weighing two hundred pounds, well pro-
portioned and with erect bearing. Even in his later years when infirmities of
age came upon him he was a masterful man and to him was accorded the precious
prize of keen mentality to the last. He was extremely neat in dress and personal
appearance and always a dignified figure. His social interests were comparatively
few, yet it was not because he did not enjoy the companionship of his fellowmen
but rather because he felt that there was a work for him to do in the world and
business claimed his time and energies. Figure, if you can, what America would
be today without her perfected agricultural machinery; shut down all of the
workshops, factories and salesrooms where the products directly concerned with
reaper and binder manufacture are made and handled, the mills and the elevators
that are in operation because the great wheat harvests of the world can be gathered
estimate all this and you will know what Cyrus Hall McCormick's contribution
to the world and advancing civilization has been. In the perspective of the years
he will stand out even more strongly as a central figure on the canvas of history than
he does today. When he lay in state, in his Chicago home, there was a reaper,
modelled in white flowers, at his feet; and upon his breast a sheaf of the ripe,
yellow wheat, surmounted by a crown of lilies. These were the emblems of the
work that had been given him to do and the evidence of its completion.



CYRUS HALL McCORMICK, JR.

No position is more difficult, perhaps, than to stand in the colossal shadow
of the dead. There are various institutions in which a name has come to stand



CHICAGO: ITS HISTORY AND ITS BUILDERS 751

for certain work, for certain characteristics and for certain brilliant achievement,
and it is made to reflect against the individual who bears that name if his lines
of life are not cast at least somewhat after the same pattern or in the same mold.
Thoughtful consideration shows one that conditions change with each generation
and that duties and obligations arise that were unknown to the preceding gen-
eration. Cyrus Hall McCormick, Jr., belongs to that younger generation of busi-
ness men of Chicago called upon to shoulder responsibilities differing materially
from those resting upon their predecessors. In a broader field of enterprise they
find themselves obliged to deal with affairs of greater magnitude, and to solve
more difficult and complicated financial and economic problems. While he en-
tered upon a business that was not only already established but had already
reached mammoth proportions, he has met and solved new problems not the least
of which were brought about in the merging of the various manufacturing in-
terests that are now conducted under the name of the International Harvester
Company. He had received thorough business training under his father's guidance,
leaving college to become a factor in the management of the McCormick interests.
His birth occurred in Washington, D. C., May 16, 1859, when his parents were
temporarily residing there. He was a pupil in the public schools of Chicago
until graduated from the high school with the honors of his class, and then he
entered Princeton University, being numbered among its alumni of 1879. In
the succeeding fall he became identified with the McCormick Harvesting Machine
Company, filling various positions both in the manufactory and in the office, for
it was the father's purpose as well as the son's desire that the latter should be-
come thoroughly familiar with the business in every feature. Following the father's
death in May, 1884, Cyrus Hall McCormick, Jr., was elected to the presidency
of the company, thus continuing as its chief executive officer until 1902, when he
was elected to the presidency of the International Harvester Company, which pur-
chased the plant and business of the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company. With
various financial enterprises he is officially connected, being a director of the Mer-
chants Loan & Trust Company, the National City Bank of New York and the
Chicago & Northwestern Railway. He is also a director of the McCormick Theo-
logical Seminary, the Field Museum of Natural History and is a member of the
board of trustees of Princeton University and of Lake Forest University. He is
well known in club circles in both Chicago and New York, his membership being
with the Chicago and University Clubs and the Chicago Athletic Association of
the former city, and the Metropolitan and University Clubs of New York. In
1889 he represented the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company at the Paris Ex-
position and was there decorated as Officer du Merite Agricole, a decoration rarely
bestowed upon others than citizens of the French republic. In 1900, as a represen-
tative of the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company at the Paris Exposition,
he received the decoration of Officier of the Legion of Honor.

In 1889 Mr. McCormick was united in marriage to Miss Harriet Bradley
Hammond, a niece of Mrs. Elizabeth Hammond Stickney, of Chicago. Their
children are: Cyrus McCormick III, born September 22, 1890; Elizabeth, who
was born July 12, 1892, and died January 25, 1905; and Gordon McCormick, born
June 21, 1894.



752 CHICAGO: ITS HISTORY AND ITS BUILDERS

HAROLD FOWLER McCORMICK.

Harold Fowler McCormick, the third son of Cyrus Hall McCormick, Sr., was
born on the 2d of May, 1872, and prepared for his college training by study in
the University School of Chicago and the Browning School of New York city,
attending the latter from 1889 until 1891. He then entered the freshman class
of Princeton University in the fall of the latter year and was graduated from
that institution in 1895.

Before his graduation Mr. McCormick had already commenced to familiarize
himself with the business of the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company. In
August, 1896, he assumed control of the general agency at Council Bluffs, where
he managed the company's business for the next year. He then entered the
general offices of the company and was elected vice president on the 4th of Jan-
uary, 1898, filling that position until the organization of the International Har-
vester Company, of which corporation he was chosen vice president in 1902.

Mr. McCormick is a member of the Chicago and University Clubs of Chicago,
the Chicago Athletic Association, the Onwentsia Club of Lake Forest, Illinois,
and the University Club of New York city. He is a trustee of the University
of Chicago, the McCormick Theological Seminary, and the Chicago Orchestral
Association, and is also a director of the First National Bank of Chicago.

On the 26th of November, 1895, occurred the marriage of Harold Fowler
McCormick and Miss Edith Rockefeller, a daughter of John D. Rockefeller, and
unto them have been born five children, namely: John Rockefeller, born Feb-
ruary 24, 1897, who passed away on the 2d of January, 1901 ; Harold Fowler,
Jr., born November 15, 1898; Muriel McCormick, born September 10, 1902;
Editha McCormick, born September 17, 1903, who died June 11, 1904; and Mathilde
McCormick, born April 8, 1905.



STANLEY McCORMICK.

Stanley McCormick, the youngest member of the McCormick family, was born
November 2, 1874, and supplemented his early educational training by study in
the University School of Chicago and the Browning School of New York city.
Upon leaving the latter institution he entered the freshman class of Princeton
University in the fall of 1891, and was graduated therefrom in 1895. He has
since been actively identified with the McCormick interests and represented the
McCormick Harvesting Machine Company at the Paris Exposition in 1900, where
he received the decoration of Officier du Merite Agricole from the French govern-
ment. Later he served in that company as superintendent of the works and has
continued in the International Harvester Company in the position of comptroller
since 1904.

On the 15th of September, 1904, Mr. McCormick was united in marriage to
Miss Katherine Dexter, of Boston, a daughter of the late Wirt Dexter, an eminent
lawyer of Chicago. In club circles Mr. McCormick is well known, holding mem-



CHICAGO: ITS HISTORY AND ITS BUILDERS 753

bership in the Chicago, University, Saddle and Cycle and Union Clubs of Chicago,
the Onwentsia Club of Lake Forest, Illinois, and the University Club of New
York city. He is a trustee of the Art Institute of Chicago and a director of the
Chicago Bureau of Charities.



INDEX



Adcock, Edmund J. 236

Albers, Anna / 570

Alexander, Harriet C. B..../ 56

Allen, Andrews 364

Allen, Benjamin 320

Allen, J. W 88

Allerton.-S. W ( 5

Allin, B. C J S82

Amerson, G. C /. 116

Andersen, C. H / 224

Andrews, Edmund . J. 406

Arnold, B. J / 490

Averill, D. W ( 528

Ayer, B. F .[. 421

Ayres, Marshall, Jr/ 194

f

Baker, M. W. . . . 92

Barbour, J. J 349

Bartlett, A. C 645

Bass, P. B 474

Beardsley, W. F 604

Belfield, A. M 370

Bennett, R. J 108

Bensinger, B. E 328

Bigelow, D. E 142

Blair, C. B...: 524

Blair, H. A. .466

Blair, W. F 647

Blatchford, E. W 639

Bolen, J. L 1 346

Botsford, B. B 315

Boyce, VW D ...462

Brady, O./M 546

Brayton, j. T 486

Breakstone, B. H 340

Brine, G. J 145

Brons</n, S. C 86

Brow/!, C. E 95

Browji, E. F 618

Brown, W. H 507

Burl/ana, J. A 412

Bunneister, William 497

Burnham, D. H 106

irroughs, F. M 180

Brton, Stiles 468

, E. B 551



Cameron, W. A 575

Carlson, G. H 35

Carpenter, Benjamin 605

Carter, J. M. G 326

Carter, O. N 179

Caverly, J. R 84

Chapman, J. E 48

Cheney, A. J 274

Clarke, J. V ' 439

Coburn, L. L 440

Comiskey, C. A 78

Congdon, C. B ' 533

Crane, C. R 699

Crane, R. T 697

Cross, A. J 350

Cross, C. L 630

Culbertson, Carey 298

Culver, A. H 93

Currier, G. B 28

Davis, X. S 391

Davis, X. S., Jr 398

Defebaugh, J. E 452

Delano, F. A 295

Dewitz, O. J 29

Dibblee, Henry 14

Dixon, Arthur 367

Dixon, G. W 297

Dodge, R. E 728

Drew, C. W 358

Du Fine, H. C 344

Dyer, G. R 17

Dyrenforth, Harold 98

Earling, A. J 732

Eastman, R. M 178

Eberhart, J. F 280

Egan, W. M .648

Eide, A. T 680

Eisendrath, W. X 65

Ewen, M. F 325

Ewing, C. H 387

Farrar. Arthur 446

Farwell, A. B 683

Favill, H. B 732

Fisk, D. B 373

755



756



INDEX



Fisk, H. F 215

Folsom, W. R 543

Foss, S. D 191

Francis, J. R 654

Frankel, Julius 568

Freer, L. C. P 404

Gehr, Samuel 51

Gibbs, J. P 600

Goodbody, T. P ' 144

Goodrich, A. C 664

Graham, N. R 660

Greenebaum, Elias 380

Greenebaum, H. E 357

Griffiths, E. H. M., Jr 576

Guilliams, J. R 668

Gunther, C. F 262

Hahn, J. F 481

Hall, C. H.. 545

Hamilton, I. K 202

Hanlon, J. J 376

Hard, William 537

Harris, A. W 154

Harris, Joseph 734

Harrison, C. H., Sr 197

Harrison, C. H., Jr 229

Harvey, H. F 207

Harvey, R. H 291

Harvey, S. T 333

Harvey, T. W 24U

Heath, W. A 309

Hess, F. A 714

Hewett, A. M 502

Hibbard, W. R 322

Higgs, C. H 544

Hill, W. M 704

Holdom, Jesse 314

Hoover, G. P 168

Hoyt, N. L 641

Hoyt, W. M 615

Huber, J. M 514

Huch, G. E 338

Huey, A. S 221

Ingraham, G. S 482

Insull, Samuel 635

James, F. S 385

Jenks, J. M 61

Jones, Fernando 101

Jones, W. C 123

Jordan, C. H 125

Judson, F. P 713

Judson, Philo 170



Kedzie, J. H . .
Kelley, T. H . .
Kellogg, M. G.



.331
.223
. 80



Kendall, Orrin 316

Keyes, R. A 593

Kimball, E. A 738

Kimball, E. D 642

Kingman, H. M 91

Kinzie, J. H 674

Knight, C. A 72

Lacey. E. S 597

Laflin, G. H 310

Laflin, Matthew 208

Lamont, R. P 345

Lewis, W. 27

Lincoln, W. K 96

Lloyd, W. A 723

Long, G. E 169

Longmire, Rowland 163

Loring, M. A 564

Lynch, J. A 603

McConnell, J. W 539

McCord, A. C 339

McCormick, C. H., Sr 741

McCormick, C. H., Jr 750

McCormick, H. F 752

McCormick, Stanley. 752

McCrea, S. H 556

McGraw, Michael 472

McGuire, W. A 64

Mack, B. W 710

Mack, E. F 609

MacMullen, Delia M 694

Magnuson, P. B 416

Mahin, J. L 184

Manlove, G. B 216

Mann, C. A 97

Marshall, B. H 520

Marshall, C. H 516

Matthews, F. N 418

Matz, Rudolph 30

Meier, D. E 719

Merrick, G. P 43

Metcalf, J. S 52

Millar, A. P 334

Mills, D. W ...690

Mitchell, W. H : 688

Mock, H. E 49

Mohr, Louis 684

Montgomery, F. H 156

Morris, J. 74

Morris, Seymour 586

Morrison, Orsemus 552

Morton, Joy 63

Moulton, D. A 641

Mundie, W. B H2

Murphy, J. B f51

Myrick. \V. F



INDEX



757



Newman, J. L 47

Newton, P. A 105

Nicholes, D. C 115

Nightingale, A. F 147

North, W. S 386

Norton, F. F 388

Onahan, W. J 573

O'Neill, Louis 550

Otis, J. E 351

Owen, W. B 302

Parker, A. H 12

Parker, A. M 503

Payne, J. B 587

Peacock, Joseph 375

Peck, P. F. W 352

Phelps, C. A 594

Poole, C. C 138

Potter, E .A 628

Prasch, H. F 610

Price, V. C 492

Pugh, J. A 288

Randolph, Isham 304

Read, J. J 219

Reynolds, G. M 399

Rice, T. F 44

Richter, E. L 400

Rittenhouse, M. F 434

Roach, J. M 708

Rose, A. L 128

Rosenwald, Julius 362

Ross, W. W 58

Roth, C. R 538

Rutherford, William 513

Schillinger, August 618

Schmidt, O. L 227

Schofield, J. R 510

Schulze, Paul 426

Schulze, William 382

Schwartz, R. H 461

Schwarz, G. F 534

Seaverns, G. A 700

Shanahan, B. F 504

Sherman, E. B 36

Sherman, F. C 148

Simpson, Andrew 612

Skinner, J. F 71

Skinner, Mark 132

Smedley, N. J 588

Smith, A. C 425

Smith, C. S 22



Smith, F. W 8

Smith, L. M 394

Smyth, H. P 491

Spalding, Stewart 26

Spencer, G. J 606

Spoehr, C. A. F 532

Spofford, G. W 113

Sprague, A. A '. . 629

Stacey, T.I 177

Stahl, E. L 636

Starring, H. J. D 164

Steele, F. M 66

Stevens, J. W 611

Stone, G. F , 477

Stone, H. O .' 672

Stone, Leander 558

Strain, J. C 186

Sullivan, W. K 136

Summers, Mark 117

Taylor, Amelia L. W Ill

Taylor, J. M 515

Taylor, S. G 126

Taylor, Thomas, Jr 228

Thompson, A. J 540

Thome, C. H 214

Thome, G. R 220

Tinsman, H. E 62

Titus, M. B 720

Trench, D. G 569

Underwood, P. L 230

Upham, F. W 703



Vose, F. P.



.624



Walker, J. M 579

Warren, Emma J 234

Watson, W. J 21

Weaver, G. H 141

Weber, H. G 527

Weckler, A. J 273

Weed, W. A 85

Wells, T. E 374

Whipple, Henry 121

Whitehead, E. P 206

Wilkerson, J. H 381

Willett, A. T 268

Williams, D. C 118

Williams, J. C 292

Williams, J. M 717

Wilson, G. M 592

Wilson, J. P 473

Woolfolk, C. S 406






Online LibraryJ. Seymour (Josiah Seymour) CurreyChicago: its history and its builders, a century of marvelous growth (Volume v.5) → online text (page 74 of 74)