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James A Sharp.

A new gazetteer, or, Topographical dictionary of the British Islands and narrow seas : comprising concise descriptions of about sixty thousand places, seats, natural features, and objects of note ... and an appendix ... (Volume 1) online

. (page 1 of 293)
Online LibraryJames A SharpA new gazetteer, or, Topographical dictionary of the British Islands and narrow seas : comprising concise descriptions of about sixty thousand places, seats, natural features, and objects of note ... and an appendix ... (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 293)
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Ex Libris
C. K. OGDEN



GEOGRAPHICAL WORKS.



Bishop BUTLER's SKETCH of MODERN and

ANCIENT GEOGRAPHY. New Edition, corrected to 1851 and enlarged
by the Rev. THOMAS BUTTER. 8vo. 9s. cloth.

Bishop BUTLER's GENERAL ATLAS of ANCIENT

and MODERN GEOGRAPHY : consisting of 51 full-coloured Maps, with
Indices. New Edition, corrected to 1851, and almost entirely re-engraved.
Royal 4to. 24s.

in.

Bishop BUTLER's MODERN ATLAS: consisting

of 28 full- coloured Maps, with Index. New Edition, corrected to 1851,
and almost entirely re-engraved. Royal 8vo. 12s. Each Map, separately,
price 3d. plain, or 4d. coloured.

IV.

Bishop BUTLER's ANCIENT ATLAS: consisting

of 23 full-coloured Maps, with Index. New Edition, corrected to 1851,
and almost entirely re-engraved, Royal 8vo. 12s.

* # * Butler's Outline Geographical Copy-Books, Ancient and Modern, 4s. each;
or together, price 7s. 6d. The Modern Outline Maps, separately, 2d. each.

GOLDSMITH'S GRAMMAR of GENERAL

GEOGRAPHY. An entirely New Edition (1851), enlarged and improved
by E. HUGHES, F.R.G.S. Head Master of the Royal Naval Lower School,
Greenwich Hospital. With New Maps and Plates. Fcp. 8vo. 3s. 6d.

VI.

s. HALL'S FIRST or ELEMENTARY ATLAS, for the

use of Schools: containing 10 Maps. New Edition. Oblong 4to. price
Eighteen-pence, coloured. Each Map separately, price 2d.

VII.

S, HALL's INTRODUCTORY GEOGRAPHICAL

COPY-BOOK ; or, Outline Maps : with the Coast Line for the Pupil to
fill up. Oblong 4to. Is. Each Outline separately, price Id.

VIII.

S. HALL's GEOGRAPHICAL COPY-BOOK; or,

Map Projections : with the Lines of Latitude and Longitude only for the
Pupil to fill up. Oblong 4to. Is. Each Projection separately, price Id.

Mr. WILLIAM HUGHES'^GENERAL GEOGRAPHY

for BEGINNERS, in GLEIG'S SCHOOL SERIES. 18mo. Is.

MANGNALL's COMPENDIUM of GEOGRAPHY,

for the use of Schools. New Edition, improved. 12mo. 7s. 6d.

XI.

KEITH's TREATISE on the USE of the GLOBES.

New Edition, improved by Dr. A. TAYLOR, Mr. A. LE MESURIER, and
Prof. J. MIDDLETON ; with Plates, Maps, &c. 12mo. 6s. 6d.

XII.

Mr. W. M'LEOD's GEOGRAPHY of PALESTINE, or

the Holy Land ; including Phoenicia and Philistia. New Edition, with
. Map. 12mo. Is. &<\.

LONDON: LONGMAN, BROWN, GREEN, AND LONGMANS.



NEW GAZETTEER;




THE BRITISH ISLANDS

AND NARROW SEAS;

COMPRISING CONCISE DESCRIPTIONS OF ABOUT

SIXTY THOUSAND PLACES, SEATS, NATURAL FEATURES,
AND OBJECTS OF NOTE,

FOUNDED UPON THE BEST AUTHOBITIES :

WITH A REFERENCE UNDER EVERY NAME TO THE SHEET OF THE ORDNANCE
SURVEY, AS FAR AS COMPLETED ;

AND

AN APPENDIX,

CONTAINING
A GENERAL VIEW OF THE RESOURCES OF THE UNITED KINGDOM,

A SHORT CHRONOLOGY,
AND AN ABSTRACT OF CERTAIN RESULTS OF THE CENSUS OF 1851.

BY JAMES A. SHARP.

IN TWO VOLUMES.
VOL. I.

LONDON:
LONGMAN, BROWN, GREEN, AND LONGMANS.

1852.



LONDON :

SPOTTISWOODES and SHAW,
New-Street-Square.



P E E F A C E.



THE Gazetteer which I lay before the reader as the result of five years'
diligent labour, is constructed upon the plan of bringing together as many
articles as possible, under distinct heads, for purposes of reference. It com-
prehends both the topography and the hydrography of the United Kingdom,
and contains, in one general alphabet, the names of Sixty Thousand places,
seats, natural features, and objects of note in England, Wales, Scotland,
Ireland, and the adjacent Seas. The average space allotted to each name is
necessarily small, yet I believe that nothing essential has been omitted. On
the contrary, from the use of a plain style, a simple method of abbreviation,
and other arrangements, this Gazetteer will be found to comprise, in a clear
and legible type, more substantial information, collected from original sources,
and put into a convenient form, than the bulkiest of its class.

It includes the names of all the cities, towns, villages, hamlets, etc. which
appear in the Censuses of 1821, '31, and '41 ; all the names in CARLISLE, POTT,
GORTON, LEWIS, FULLARTON, CHAMBERS, HALL, and other general writers ; all
those in the Guide-books to Derbyshire, the Lakes, North and South Wales,
Isle of Wight, Channel Islands, Isle of Man, the Highlands, Lakes of Killarney,
c. ; and all the Seats noticed in MOGG, BLACK, FRAZER, CLIFFE ; exclusive of
many additional names gathered out of the Maps and Charts which have
been consulted.

The natural objects, as rivers, lakes, mountains, hills, passes, waterfalls,
points of view, &c., with the bays, ports, headlands, lights, islands, shoals, &c.
round the coast, are given under their proper names ; besides every locality or
object of historical or antiquarian character, as Roman stations and camps,
Roman and British ways, Saxon towns, Druid stones, cromlechs, round
towers, Danish raths, " Picts' houses," castles, abbeys, &c. Mines and seats
of manufactures, canals, railways and railway stations, election and polling
places, coast-guard and police stations, are also noticed; and hunting "fixtures"
inserted from the most approved lists.

The Counties are fully described ; while the civil, political, and ecclesiastical
X divisions, as hundreds, baronies, wapentakes, poor law unions, registry and
o A 2



iv PREFACE.

new county court districts, dioceses, ai-chdeaconries, and deaneries, synods
and presbyteries, are all carefully defined by a statement at length of the
places contained in each, drawn from Parliamentary and other returns, so that
their boundaries may be accurately traced. The late Census (in England and
Wales) having been taken according to the Registries and Unions, this Avill
prove, at least so far, to be a feature of more than common value.

The length of the descriptions of places is, in general, measured by their
relative importance, due regard being had to the name, ordnance number,
position, history, Parliamentary representation, municipal government, size or
acreage, population and industry, public buildings, poor-rate (and union), real
property, endowed charities, livings (with the diocese, value, and patron),
churches, brasses and monuments, antiquities, eminent natives, &c. ; with
market-days, fairs, races.

All the positions have been retaken from the maps, and as not only the
county, but the quarter of the county, in which a name must be looked for,
is given, the Gazetteer affords an easy and direct answer to the first question
concerning a place, " Where is it?"

To the population of 1841 is joined its annual increase (as compared with
the previous Census), to enable the enquirer to bring it down with tolerable
correctness to any year independently of the new Census, the results of which,
however, are added in the Appendix.

With a view to facilitate consultation, a mark is prefixed to the Parlia-
mentary boroughs, post and market towns, the larger ecclesiastical divisions,
and the remains of antiquity. The advantage of this will be perceived
upon turning over a few pages of the work.

Every name has a number referring to its own sheet of the Ordnance
Survey of Great Britain and Ireland, as far as published, so that THIS GA-
ZETTEER WILL BE ALMOST A COMPLETE INDEX TO THAT GREAT UNDERTAKING.

Such a companion, enabling the reader to judge, in some degree, of the
contents of the Survey, or to procure the exact sheet in which a place is
situated, has been long in request ; and thus, in connexion with the improve-
ments above mentioned, this work may claim the possession of a certain official
value beyond others of the kind, while it will serve not only as a record of
names, but as a guide to every locality of interest in the United Kingdom.

It is difficult to keep pace with the rapid production of statistics, when every
session gives birth to 60, 70, 80 giant Blue Books, so that even the most recent
compilations are soon out of date ; but in the Gazetteer I have endeavoured to
bring together such items as may suffice either for standards to go back to, or
for comparison between place and place. With regard to these and other
matters, a great deal that could not and need not be stated at length, is left to
be inferred by the intelligent reader, who, with a multitude of facts before him,
presenting unlimited scope for remarks on the condition and progress of any
spot, may be safely allowed to form his own conclusions.

I cannot omit to thank those correspondents who have been good enough
to favour me with useful information, which I have acknowledged in the
proper place ; but my gratitude is especially due to one contributor, whose active



PREFACE. v

and persevering assistance I have had the good fortune to enjoy throughout.
I take the liberty to add, that this Gazetteer is not offered as an experiment
merely, but rather as the first fruits of a well-considered attempt to provide a
work of reference of permanent usefulness, superior, as I believe, to its
predecessors, yet only to be perfected by frequent revisions, aided by the
kindness of those who consult it, and who may be willing to communicate
through the Publishers whatever they notice to be defective or erroneous.

J. A. S.

Note. The Appendix to the 2nd volume contains a brief sketch of the three kingdoms, being,
for the most part, a summary of the counties, with particulars derived from the latest Returns,
and tabular views ; also a Chronology of the chief events and persons mentioned in the Gazetteer,
and an abstract of the results of the Census for 1851.



%* ENGLAND, IRELAND, SCOTLAND, WALES, which are referred from the body of
the work to the Preface, have been placed in the Appendix to the Second vol.



ABBBEVIATIONS, ETC.

The counties are always in italic letters ; this distinguishes Bedford from Bedford-
shire, Buckingham from Buckinghamshire, Ayr from Ayrshire, Carlow from Carlow
county, etc. Such abbreviations as Beds, for Bedfordshire, Bucks, for Buckinghamshire,
Herts, for Hertfordshire, Salop for Shropshire, etc. are already common ; as are par. for
parish, vil. for village, etc. In general, the abbreviations of counties, dioceses, (fol-
lowing the livings), poor law unions (following the poor rate), railways, etc. are made
clear by the context. When a name is repeated in the same article, it is abbreviated ;
thus, A. Lodge, in an account of Abberley, means Abberley Lodge. A t^aT is used where
names which are alike, or nearly alike, are brought together under one head.



par. means parish,
tnshp. township,
vil. village,
limit. hamlet,
chplry. chapelry.


R. means river.
L. lake, lough,
isld. island.


moun n. u ai .


..' .,




^iV' i > r? 1 W A n i


q. s. par. (in Scotland) means a qoad sacra parish,
i. e. one made for church purposes.
lib. , liberty,
div. division,
hund. hundred.


the topographical inventory of Eng-
land, taken by William the Conqueror
1068, now at Westminster.
Mkt. D. market day.
o. s. old style (in Scotld.)

P. post town (at the
beginning of an article).
M. market town,
one* or two** a borough returning
one or two members to parliament.
&. some remains of an-
tiquity.
>Ji an ecclesiastical di-
vision, as a diocese, synod, etc.

The number of the Ordnance sheet a place is in,
follows the name in a parenthesis: thus (18).
Several of these are left open, for sheets not
yet published, or when places could not be
found on the maps.

Places are measured from the nearest market
town, the distance of the latter by road from
the metropolis (London, Edinbro', Dublin) being
joined to it; thus, "Wincanton-109," means
that Wincanton is 109 miles from London ;
"Burren-132," that Burren is 132 from Dub-
lin ; " Arbroath-62," that Arbroath is 62 from
Edinbro'.
English Dioceses
(following the living in a parenthesis).
St. As. means St. Asaph.
Ban. Bangor.
Ba. and W. Bath and Wells.
Cant. Canterbury.
Carl. Carlisle.
Ches. Chester.
Chic. Chichester.


bar. (in Ireland) barony,
pop. population(for!841).
with the average annual increase joined
to it with the sign + , so that the reader
can bring it down to any year, near
enough for common purposes,
poor r. poor rate (for 1846-7).
U. Union (always fol-
lowing the poor rate in a bracket).


P. L. Incorp. Poor Law Incorpo-
ration (under a local act).
Sup. Registry Superintendent Re-
gistry.
" for poor " poor levy (for 1847-
8), in Scotland,
real prop. real property (for
1842-3). '
Jiect. or r. rectory.
Vic. or . * vicarage.
Cur. or c. curacy.
Don. or Don. Cur. donative.
Sin. sinecure.
Presb. presbytery, in Scot-
land (following the living in a parenthesis).
val. value,
patr. patron,
mon. monument,
anct. ancient,
found. founded,
eng. english.
b. built (before a date)
reb. rebuilt.



viii



ABBREVIATIONS, ETC.



St. Dav.

Durh.

Ely

Exet.

Gl. and Br.

Heref.

Lich.

Line.

Llan.

Lend.

Manch.

Norw.

Oxon.

Pet.

Rip.

Roch.

Sal. or Sarum

Sod. and M.

Win.

Wore.

Yk.



St. David's,

Durham.

Ely.

Exeter.

Gloucester and Bristol.

Hereford.

Lichfield.

Lincoln.

Llandaff.

London.

Manchester.

Norwich.

Oxford.

Peterboro'.

Ripon.

Rochester.

Salisbury.

Sodor and Man.

Winchester.

Worcester.

York.



Irish Dioceses.



Arm. C.
Ca. E. W. L.

Ck. C. R.
Dn. C. D.

Du. G. K.

Dy. R.
K.A.E.

K. K. C. K.
Lk. A. A.

Meath
Os. F, L,

Tu. K. A.



Armagh and Clogher.
Cashel, Emly, Water-

ford, and Lismore.
Cork, Cloyne, and Ross.
Down, Connor, and

Dromore.
Dublin, Glendalagh,

and Kildare.
Derry and Raphoe.
Kilmore, Ardagh, and

Elphin.

Killaloe,Kilfenora,Clon-

fert,andKilmacduagh.

Limerick, Ardfert, and

Aghadoe.
Meath.
Ossory, Ferns, and

Leighlin.
Tnam, Killala, and

Achonry.



As an example of the most common abbreviations, take ABBAS and TEMPLE COMBE,
page 1, which read at length, is :

"Abbas and Temple Combe parish, in the 18th sheet of the Ordnance Survey,
' in Horethorne hundred, on the NE. side of Somersetshire, 4 miles S. of Wincanton,

' which is 109 miles by road from London, near . It contains 2020 acres, and had

' a population of 461 in 1841, increasing 2 a year (so that in 1851 it may be about
'481); the poor rate (in 1846-7) was 3091., and it is in Wincanton Union ; the real
'property (in 1843) was 42681.; the endowed charities are worth 10/. a year. St.
' Mary's Rectory is in the diocese of Bath and Wells, the value 3981., and the patronage
'with the Rev. T. Fox." Note. St. Mary here, the name of the mother church, is also
the legal name of the parish.

Measures. The acres throughout (unless others are spoken of) are statute acres, of
which 640 = 1 square mile (sq. m.) ; 1000 = 1 i sq. m. nearly (less by T '^). For all
cornish parishes, Dr. Boase's more correct acreage, given in Gilbert's Parochial
History of Cornwall, is placed side by side with the Population Return area, as a

specimen of the uncertainty which still exists on this head in England. In Scotland,

\s. scots = Id. sterling ; ll. = Is. Sd. ; 100Z. = 8/. 6s. 8d. 10 scots miles = 1 1 \ statute ;
23 scots acres = 29 statute, or 100 = 126, i. e. nearly ^ more ; in other words, ll. the
scotch acre is 15s. lO^d. the imperial. 2 wheat bolls = 1 imperial quarter ; 11 barley
bolls = 8 qrs. A davoch in the Highlands is an uncertain ploughland of 8 oxen (see

KIHKMICHAEL, Banff".). In Ireland, Is. irish = lid. sterling; ll. = 18s 5d. ; 1001.

= 921. 6s. Ifrf. 30 irish acres = 49 statute, or 100 = 162 nearly, i. e. about $ more ;

in other words, ll. the irish acre is 12s. 4d. the imperial. In the Channel Islands,

21 sq. ft. = 1 perch; 40 perches = 1 vergee; 2 vergees = 1 english acre nearly;
4 vergees = 1 Guernsey acre = 1 irish acre nearly.

N.B. The Excise Collections are in course of alteration ; therefore, at the beginning
of each, for " contains " read " contained," as the description refers to the past. For a
note relative to the height of Ben Nevis, see p. 988. in the Appendix.



A NEW GAZETTEEK,



OR



TOPOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF THE
UNITED KINGDOM,



ABA

Abalaba of the Romans, is Watchcross on Ha-
drian's Wall, 2V. Cumbrld,

Abbandune of the Saxons, is ABINGDON, Berks.

ABBAS and TEMPLE COMBE par. (18) Hore-
thorne bund. SE. Somerset. 4 m. S. of Wincanton-
109, near R. Gale, had a K. Templars' precep-
tory at T. Combe. Acres 2020 ; pop. 461 + 2 ; poor
r. 309/. (Wincant. U.) ; real prop. 4268/. ; chari-
ties 10Z. St. Mary Sect. (Ba. and W.) val. 398/.,
patr. Rev. T. Fox.

AbbenhaU (162) 2 m. WNW. of Lichfield, SE.
Stafford.

ABBERLEY par. (55) Lower Doddingtree bund.
NW. Worcest. 4m. SW. of Stourport-126, under
A. Hills (800 ft. high), has a camp at Woodbury,
and good specimens of the ' Caradoc formation '
in Murchison's Silurian system. Acres 2390,
sheepwalks, with lime and coal ; pop. 559 ; poor
r. 95/. (Martley U.) ; real prop. 4203/. ; charities
15/. to Walsh's free school. St. Michael Beet.
(Heref.) vaL 249/., patr. Mrs. Moillett of A.
Lodge, where "knowing Walsh," the friend of
Pope, was born (1663-1710).

Abbert (58) 8 m. S. of Tuam, N. Galway. J.
Blakeney, Esq.

ABBERTOFT hmlt. (84) Willoughby par. E.
Lincoln. 2 m. SE. of Alford-138 ; pop. 23.

ABBERTON par. (48) Winstree hund. E. Essex,
4 m. S. of Colchester-51, on R. Roman. Acres
1030; pop. 248 + 4 ; poor r. HO/. (Lexden U.) ;
real prop. 1764A St. Andrew Beet. (Roch.) val.
289/., patr. Ld. Chancellor, gap" ABBERTON par.
(54) Upper Pershore hund. E. Worcest. 5 m. NE.
of Pershore-102, on R. Piddle, has brine springs
like the Cheltenham waters. Acres 1050 ; pop.
81; poor r. 621 (Persh. U.); real prop. 1207/.;
charities U. Living, a Beet. (Wore.) vaL 161/.,
patr. Sheldon family.

ABBEWICK tnshp. ( ) Edlingham par. NE.
Norihmbrld. 3 m. W. of Alnwick-308, on R. Alne.
Pop. 170 + 4 ; poor r. 44A (Aln. U.).

ABBEY, or CORCOMROE ABBEY, par. (2, 3, 5, 6)
Burren bar. N. Clare, 2 m. S. of Burren-132,
on Galway bay, has remains of the cistertian
abbey found. 1194, by king O'Brien. Acres
4714, good, with hilly pasture and lime quar-
ries ; pop. 1442 decreasing, in a small coast trade
and the oyster fisheries. Living, an impro-
priate Beet. Finvarra, seat of Skerret, Esq.
^gg- Abbey, near Llanrwst, 2V. Denbigh, Lord
Kewborough. giy ABBEY tythg. (21) Axmins-
ter par. E. Devon, near Axminster-147. Pop.
76. ^ Abbey (12G) 2 m. WN W. of Ilartland,
N W. Devon. Mrs. Orchard, on the site of Githa's
VQL. I.



ABB

old abbey. $^" ABBEY par. q. s. in Arbroath par.
SE. Forfar. near Arbroath-62, has the E. win-
dow, etc., of a tyronensian mitred abbey, founded
1178, to the memory of a Becket, by Will, the
Lion (who was buried here), and belonging to the
Panmures (through the Hamiltons and Murrays),
the portcullis of which is the arms of Arbroath.
Pop. 2289. Living (Presb. Arb.) val. 100/.,
patr. pewholders. igT Abbey (58) 6 m. SE. of
Tuam, 2V. Galway, J. B. Forster, Esq. gif AB-
BEY hmlt. (40) St. Dogmell's par. NE. Pembroke.
near Cardigan- 239. ^P ABBEY viL (83) E. Iffa
and Offa bar. S. Tippery. 2 m. WSW. of Clonmel
-104, on R. Suir. Pop. 998. See LNISHLOUNAGHT.
ABBEY-ST. BATHAN'S par. N. Berwick, 5 m.
NN W. of Dunse-44, on Rs. Whiteadder and Eye,
among the Lammermoor hills, contained the old
pars, of St. Bothan and Strafontane, and had a
cistercian abbey, found. 1190, by Ada, daughter
of Will, the Lion. Acres 5000, hilly sheepwalks ;
pop. 146 + 2 ; real prop. 1397t ; for poor 20/. Liv-
ing (Presb. Dunse) val. 1531., patr. crown. Hume
of God's Croft died here 1620. The Retreat,
seat of Earl Wemyss. gaT" A. CWM HIR par.
(56) Knighton and Cefhllys hunds. 2V. Radnor.
6 m. NE. of Rhayader-181, near R. Ithon, and
Camlo Hill (1650 ft.), contains CefFenpawl and
Gollon, -with remains of a cistertian abbey (in the
cwn hir, or 'long hollow'), founded 1143 by
Cadwallon ap Madoc, burnt 1401 by 0. Glyndwr,
val. 28/., and given to the Williamses and Fowlers.
Pop. 589 + 8; poor r. 241?. (Rhayad. U.); real
prop. I. St. Mary's Cur. (St. Dav.) val. 61/.,
patr. F. Philips, Esq. ; church, has tombs of the
Fowlers. Cwm Hir, Earl of Huntingdon, (ap A.
DALE hmlt. (82) Ecclesall-Bierlow tush p. W.
R. York, 3 m. SW. of Sheffield-162. 8S A.
DEMENSES hmlt (44) Winchcomb par. 2V. Glou-
cest. the site of K. Kenulph's benedictine abbey.
IgT A. DISTRICT or CAMBUS KENNETH vil. Stir-
ling or Logie par. W. Clackmannan, near A. Craig,
where Wallace was posted 1297 before the
battle of Sterling, was the site of Cambus Ken-
neth abbey. Pop. 227, weavers and fishermen.
fly A. DORE. See DOKE ABBEY, Hereford.
^5~ A. FARM ext. par. ( ) Thurnham tnshp.
2V. Lane. 4 m. SSW. of Lancaster-240, the site of
Cockerham abbey. Pop. with Crook Farm, 32.
A. FORD. See FORD ABBEY, Devon, ff
FOREOATE tnshp. (61) Holy Cross and St.
Giles par. Mid. Sult/p. near Shrewsbury-153, has
A. House, R. Jenkins, Esq. near the abbey site.
Pop. 1638. $3 A. -GATE. See LEICESTER. $&
A. GBEEN vil. with Turfholm, Lesmahagow par.



ABB



ABB



J\r>d. Lanark, near Lanark-32, has the church and
ruins of St. Machute's priory, founded 1140, by
Dav. I. Pop. 881, many weavers. igg"A.HoLMK.
See HOLME ABBEY, Cumbrld. igil" A. House, near
Abingdon, N. Berks. F. Justice, Esq. igg"" A.
Hulton (72) near Burslem, N. Stafford, has, at a
farm, remains of a white abbey, found. 1223, by
Hen. de Audley, val. 767. igT A. JEKFOINT. See
JERPOINT ABBEY, Kilkenny. giP A. LANDS
tnshp. ( ) AInwick par. NE. Northmbrld. 2
m. NW. of Alnwick-308, contains Broomhouse,
Heckley, Heckley Farm and Grange, and White-
house, and had an abbey of Canons. Pop. 295.
gif A. Lodge (28) near Magnire's Bridge, Mid.
Fermanagh, iggf A.-IN-MALMESBUKY par. (34)
Malmsbury hund. NW. Wilts, near Malmsbury-
94, has part of the church of Meydulph's bene-
dictine abbey, founded 7th cent., the most
important next to Glastonbury in the west of Eng-
land. Acres 40 ; pop. 131-; poor r. 287. (Malmsb.
U.) ; real prop. /. igg A. Manor (13) 3 m.
S. of Wantage, W.Berks, belonged to Heading
abbey. ((ST A. Manor House (44) close to Eves-
ham," SE. Worcester. E. Rudge, Esq. igT AB-
BEY NEW. See NEW ABBEY, Kircudbright.

31. ABBE Y PAISLEY, or ABBEY, par. Upper Ward,
E. Renfrew, on Glasgow and Ayr rail, and canal,
and Rs. White and Black Cart, and Levern, con-
tains Paisley-52, South, Johnston, and Levern
q. s. pars., Elderelie, Quarrelton, Millarston, and
Thorne, with remains of the monastery found.
1163, as a cell to Wenlock, by the first Stuart
Walter Fitzalan (who came from Oswestry), and
given by Jas. I. to the Hamiltons. Acres 15,000,
fertile, with trap at Gleniffer Braes, coal, lime,
ironstone, and alum ; pop. 28,246 + 237, cotton-
spinners, weavers, bleachers and printers, and
colliers ; real prop. 67,7551., of which 50757. on
mines, etc.; for poor 71797. ; rental 22,0007.
Livings (Presb. Paisl.) val. 3767. and 3637., patr.
Marquis of Abercorn, chief heritor ; church, part of
the abbey, of which the cloister and transept
windows remain. Close to it is the old house of the
Dundonalds ; Johnston Cast., L. Houstoun, Esq. ;
Elderslie was Wallace's birthplace. Stewart's
Raiss, Cardonald, and Hawkhead, are old seats.

Abbey Park (17) 2 m. S. of Beaconsfield, S.
Sucks. ^3J A. Park (4) near Aveley, S. Essex.

ABBEY, THE, ext par. (78) Isaf "hund. NE.
Carnarvon. 4 m. S. of Conway-223. Pop. 28.
^- Abbey, The (81) 6 m. N. of Castleton, N.
Derby, on R. Derwent. ^ Abbey, The (34)
close to Cirencester, E. Gloucest. Miss Master,
near Hen. I.'s abbey. ^T Abbey, The (72) close
to Leek, N. Stafford, site of Dieulacres abbey.
6^ A. Wood (1) 2 m. E. b. S. of Woolwich, NW.
Kent, on N. Kent rail, near Lesnes ab. ruins.

ABBEYDARIG viL (18-9) Moydow par. S. Long-
ford, near Keenagh-74, under Slieve Gauldry hills.

P. ABBEYDORNEY vil. (21) Clanmaurice bar.
N. Kerry. 5 m. N. of Tralee-187, a police station
on R. Brick, had a cistertian ab., found. 1154, and
given by Eliz. to Trinity Coll. Dub. ; pop. 418.

P. 31. ABBEYFEALE par. (42-3 etc.) Glenquin
bar. S W. Limerk. 37 m. SW. of Limerick-157
from Dublin, where R. Allaghaum joins the Feale,
under the Stack mountains, is a police station,
with remains of a cistertian abbey (found.
1188 by an O'Brien, and made a cell to Nenagh
ab.) and of Purt cast., a stronghold of the Ge-
raldines. Acres 18,150, bog and mountain ; pop.
5492 + 70, of vil. 699. Living, an impropriate
Vic. It was the head-quarters of the Rockites in
1822.

- Abbeyfield (80) 1 m. WSW. of Sandbach, SE.
Cheshire, near Manch. rail, and Gd. Trunk canal.



ABBEYGORMAGAJJ par. (98-9, 106-7) Litrim
and Longford bars. E. Galway, 7 m. NW. of
Eyreeourt-101, near Slieve Boughty hills, is
the site of an austin monastery, found, by the
O'Gormagans, and given by Hen. VIII. to the
Clanricardes. Acres 1 1,758, part arable ; pop.



Online LibraryJames A SharpA new gazetteer, or, Topographical dictionary of the British Islands and narrow seas : comprising concise descriptions of about sixty thousand places, seats, natural features, and objects of note ... and an appendix ... (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 293)