Copyright
James A Sharp.

A new gazetteer, or, Topographical dictionary of the British Islands and narrow seas : comprising concise descriptions of about sixty thousand places, seats, natural features, and objects of note ... and an appendix ... (Volume 1) online

. (page 24 of 293)
Online LibraryJames A SharpA new gazetteer, or, Topographical dictionary of the British Islands and narrow seas : comprising concise descriptions of about sixty thousand places, seats, natural features, and objects of note ... and an appendix ... (Volume 1) → online text (page 24 of 293)
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real prop. 535 1/. ; charities 150Z., including /. to
Mort's school. St. Stephen Cur. (Ches.) val. 250/.,
patr. Vicar ; church, on site of an older one found,
by A. Mort. A colliery, on fire, was put out 1849
by Mr. G. Gurney's plan of pumping in manufac-
tured ' choke-damp.' gif ASTLEY chplry. (61,
73) St. Mary par. Mid. Salop. 5 m. NE. of Shrews-
bury-153. Pop. 264 + 3. Living, a Cur. (Lich.)
val. 56/., patr. Corporation.

ASTLEY par. (63) Knightlow hund. N. Warwick.
3 m. SVV. of Nuneaton-100, on the Sow Brook,
containing Soly End, came from the Astleys, etc.
to the Greys of Kuthin. Acres 2550 ; pop. 371
+ 3 ; poor r. 111/. (Nuneat. U.) ; real prop. 3682/. ;
charities 21. St. Mary Cur. (Wore.) val. 60/., patr.
C. Newdigate, Esq., M.P.,of Arbury Park, who has
the manor ; church, which was part of the college
found. (Edw. III.) by the Astleys (val. 46/.), con-
tains their effigies, and has a tall spire called the
" Lantern of Arden." A. Castle, Visct. Liftbrd,
reb. in Mary's time, has part of the walls of an
older one, with a portrait of the Duke of Suffolk,
Lady Jane Grey's father ; near it is the Duke's
farm. gi?" ASTLEY, or A. ABBOTTS, par. (55)
Lower Doddingtree hund. NW. Worcester. 3 m.
S\V. of Stourport-126, near R. Severn, had a
bcnedictino priory cell found. 1160 by Ralph
de Todcni, and given by Hen. VII. to Sir
R. Sadlier, who compiled the state papers.
Acres 3310, partly in hop grounds; pop. 834,
papermakers, etc. ; poor r. 3'23l. (Martley U.) ; real
prop. 7044/. ; charities 26/., of which 20/. to Pope's
free school. St. Peter licet. (Wore.) val. 623/.,
patr. Cook's Trustees ; church, on a hill, is nor-
man, with a font, and effigies of Blounts. At
A. Cliffe, near the ferry, a hermitage cut in the
red sancl>toiic>, is now an alehouse. tS ; ' A.vn.i.v
limit. (87) Kippax and Swillington pars. W. R.
York. 6 m. SE. of Leeds- 189.

ASTLEY ABBOT'S par. (61) Stottesden hund.
SE. Salop, 2m. NNW. of Bridgnorth-139, near
R. Severn. Acres 3330; pop. 657; poor r. 181/.
(I'.ridgn. U.); real prop. 4476/. ; charities 111.
Living, a Cur. (Hercf.) val. /., patr. T. \Vliit-
more, Esq., of A. A. House. -gaJT A.-Bitnx.i:
limit. (89) Sharpies chplry. S. Lancash. 3 m.
N. of liolton-197. Living, a Cur. (Manch.) val.
VOL. I.



130?., patr. Crown and Bp. ijgr A. Hall (89)
near Chorley, Mid. Lancash. Lady Hoghton.

Aston (7) 2 m. NE. of Henley, E. Berks, on
the Thames. {g ASTON tnshp. (81) Hope par.
N.Derby. 2m. ENE. of Castleton- 164, near R.
Noe. Pop. 111. i^" Aston (72) 7 m. NW. of
Burton, S. Derby, on the Trent, a meet for the
Donnington hounds. gp ASTON tnshp. (79)
Hawarden par. E. Hint. 1 m. N. of Hawarden
-189, near R. Dee. Pop. 303 + 7, in the iron
founderies; real prop. 1601/. A. Hall, Adml.
Dundas, M. P. who has the manor and the ancient
castle, thro' the Whitleys, who held it as far
back as Edw. III. rgT ASTON hmlt. (34)
Avening par. Mid. Gloucester. 2 m. ESE. of
Minchinhampton-98, has A. Farm. ga? ASTON,
or PIPE A., par. (55) Wigmore hund. N. Hereford.
4m. SW. of Ludlow-143, near Burrington Pool
andR. Teme. Acres 1090 ; pop. 52 ; poorr. 6/. (Lud.
U.) ; real prop. 3717. St. Giles Rect. (Heref.) val.
84/., patr. Knight's Heirs. igP ASTON vil. (55)
Kingsland par. N. Hereford. 3 m. WNW. of Leo-
minster-137, on R. Lug. Pop. 109. -giT ASTON
par. (47) Broadwater hund. Mid. Herts. 2 m. SE.
of Stevenage-31, near R. Beane, belonged to
the saxon kings, was given by Hen. I.'s queen
to Reading ab., and by Hen. VIII. to the Botelers
ofWatton. Acres 1990; pop. 556 + 6; poor r.
2301. (Hertf. U.) ; real prop. 3214/. ; charities 3/.
St. Mary Rect. (Roch.) val. 380/., patr. Rev. G.
Oddie ; church, has a brass (1592). A. Hall, E.
Darby, Esq., an old brick house ; A. Bury, a
meet for the Puckridge hounds. l^ ASTON
tnshp. (60) Lydham par. SE. Montgy. 6 m. SE. of
Montgomery-168. Pop. 70. gif ASTON hmlt.
(13) Bampton par. W. Oxford. 2 m. E. of Bamp-
ton-71, on Charney Brook, near the Thames,
contains Coate. Acres 1870, chiefly common ;
pop. 523 ; real prop. 2999Z. ; poor r. 489/. (Witney
U.j. IJiT ASTON tnshp. (61) Cloverley par.
SE. Salop. 6 m. E. of Bridgnorth-139. Pop. 126.
Igr ASTON tnshp. (61) Hopesay par. SW. Salop,
6 m. SE. of Bishop's castle-15;), on R. Clunn. Pop.
292. A. Hall, . HiT ASTON tnshp. (61) Muns-
low par. S. Salop, 7 m. N. of Ludlow-143, near
R. Corve, under Wenlock Edge. Pop. 163. gaP
ASTON tnshp. (74) Oswestry par. NW. Salop, 3
m. SE. of Oswestry-171, near Llanymynech canal.
Pop. 68; real prop. 5197Z. Living, a Cur. (St.

As.) val. /., patr. . A. Park, W. Lloyd, Esq.

fiT ASTON tnshp. (61) Wellington par. Mid.
Salop, 2m. SW. of W ellington-142, near Watlir s -
St. under the Wrekin. Pop. 84. igr ASTON
tnshp. (73) Wem par. N. Salop, 1 m. E. of Wem
-163, on R. Roden. Pop. 212. $$* ASTON tnshp.
(73) Muckleston par. NW. Stafford. 7 m. NE. of
Mkt. Drayton-153, near N. West. rail. Acres
910 ; pop. 259. ^ ASTON hmlt. (72) Sleighford
par. Mid. Staf. 2 m. W. of Stafford-141. gp AS-
TON tnshp. (72) with Burston and Stoke, Stone
par. Mid. Stafford. 2 m. SE. of Stone- 141, on
Gd. Trunk canal and R. Trent, containing LITTLE
A. hmlt. (pop. 270), was the old seat of the Astons,
Hevinghams, and Simeons. Pop. 773 ; real prop.
,-!!)76/. St. Saviour Cur. (Lich. val. /., patr.
Viscount St. Vincent, of A. Hall.

ASTON par. (62) Hemlingford hund. NW.

Warwick. 2m. N. of Birmingham-210, within the

borough, on Gd. Junct. rail, (which crosses by a

j 10-arch viaduct), Fazeley canal, and Ryknield St.

: containing Ashtcd, Castle Bromwich, Bortlesley,

I >cri tt'iid, Duddeston, Erdington,Water Orton, and

Ward Knd curs., Saltley and Witton, belonged to

the saxon 'eorls' of Mercia, and at the Conquest

came through Will. Fitz-Ausculf, etc. to the Er-

dingtons and Holts (1367). Acres 13,330 ; pop.



8-2



AST



AST



45,718 + 13GO, in the various branches of the Bir-
mingham trade ; houses 8997 ; poor r. 35467. on
155,2077. ; real prop. 16,7047. ; charities 4127., of
which 88/. to Sir T. Holte's almshouses, etc. St
Peter and St. Paul Vic. (Wore.) val. 20757., patr.
Peake's Trustees ; church, later eng., with brass
of Justice Holt and several tombs, stands near A.
Hall, which is an old elizabethan house, with
some good portraits, now the seat of J. Watt, Esq.
Ast. P. L. Union, contains the pars. etc. of Aston,
Curdworth, Sultoii-Coldfield, Wishaw, with Min-
worth; acres 29,960, pop. 50,928, cases relieved
(1846-7) 1301 (out-door 1040), expend. 4641/.,
prop, rated 183,953/. Sup. Registry comprises the
same up to Wishaw, with Bordesley, Castle-Brom-
wich, St. John Deritend, Erdington, Water-Orton ;
pop. 50,977 + 1434 ; births (1845) 1834 (919 being
females 76 illegit), deaths 1070 marriages
504, of which 357 persons signed with marks.
It belongs to Birmingham New County Court.

Aston (15) 12m. S\V. of Salisbury, SW. Wilts.
near Berwick St. John, belongs to the Delawarrs.

P. ASTON par. ( ) with Aughton, S. StrafForth
wap. W. R. York. 5 m. E. of Rotherham-159,
near N. Midld. rail, and R. Rother, contains
Ulley. Acres 2870; pop. 768 + 20 ; poor r. 1947.
(Rotherh. U.) ; real prop. 51767. ; charities 37/.,
of which 15/. to Mason's school. All Saints Rect.
(York) val. 8317., patr. Duke of Leeds, through
the D'Arcys, whose effigies are in the church,
with a monument to Mason the poet, who died
here rector, 1797. A. House, H. Verelst, Esq.

ASTON- ABBOTT'S par. (46) Cottesloe hund. Mid.
Bucks. 5 m. NNE. of Aylesbury-40, on the Chiltern
hills, belonged to Haghmond ab., and is a meet for
the Rothschild hounds. Acres 2180 ; pop. 356 + 5 ;
poor r. 2307, (Aylesb. U.) ; real prop. 4095Z. ; chari-
ties, church lands, 9/. St. James Vic. (Lon.) val.
143/., patr. Earl of Chesterfield. ^ A.-BLANK,
or COLD ASTON, par. (44) Bradley hund. E. Glou-
cester. 3m. NNE. of Northleach-82, near the Foss
Way and R. Windrush, belongs to Rev. M. H.
Waller. Acres 2250 ; pop. 302 + 1 ; poor r. 1597.
(Northl. U.); real prop. 22737. ; charities 397.,
of which Carter's for school 57. St. Andrew Vic.
(Gl. and Br.) val. 1867., patr. Ld. Chancellor. ig
A. BOTTERELL par. (61) Stottesden hund. SE.
Salop, 6 m. NW. of Cleobury Mortimer-137,
under Clee hill, near R. Rhea, containing Bold,
was a mkt. town under the Botterells (Hen. III.),
and is a meet for the Wheatland hounds. Acres
3000; pop. 173; poor r. 727. (Cleobury U.) ;
real prop. 44817. St. Michael Rect. (Heref.) val.
3677., patr. Duke of Cleveland. igiT A.-BY-
BUDWORTH chplry. (80) Gt. Budworth par. 3 m.
NE. of Northwich-14, belongs to the Egertons,
with an old moated house. Acres 2830 ; pop.
405 ; poor r. 2067. (Altrincham U.) ; real prop.
76297. igT A. CANTLOW, or CANTELUPE, par.
(54) Barlichway hund. W. Warwick. 4 m. NE. of
Alcester-103, on R. Alne, near Birming. and Strat-
ford canal, containing Wilncott cur., Newnham,
Sheffield, Little Alne, and Path low, was a mkt.
town under the Cantelupes, who had a seat here
(Hen. III.). Acres 4300 ; pop. 1089 + 14 ; poor r.
4347. (Alcest. U.) ; real prop. 72757., of which
13037. on quarries. St. J. Baptist Vic. (Wore.)
val. 937., patr. Rev. R. S. Carles. i^ A. CHET-
WYND and A. CHURCH. See CHETVVYND-A. and
CHURCH A. Salop.

P. ASTOX CMXTON par. (46) Aylesbury hund.
Mid. Bucks. 4 m. ENE. of Aylesbury-40, near
Wendover and Aylesb. canals, contains St. Leonard
cur., and is a meet for the Rothschild hounds.
Acres3640, of town 2670 ; pop. 1025 + l,and 847 ;
poorr. 5707. (Aylesb. U.) ; real prop. 43447. ; chari-



ties 1927. St. Michael Rect. (Ox on.) val. 5067.,
patr. Jesus Coll. A. House, late Viscount Lake.
igiT A. COAL. See COAL A. Derby. gg A. EAST
and WEST tythgs. (12) Longparish par. NW.
Hants. 3 m. SW. of Whitchurch-56, on R. Anton.
Pop. 109 and 170. gip A. EPJSCOPI another
name for A. WHITELADY, after the estate with
which Bp. Lloyd endowed his school at Wor-
cester. |gp A"-EYRE chplry. (61) Morvill par.
SE. Salop, 4 m. W. of Bridgnorth-139. Acres
1330 ; pop. 130 + 1 ; poor r. 377. (Bridgn. U.) ;
Living, a Cur. with Morvill. (JgT A. FLAM-
VILLE par. (63) Sparkenhoe hund. SW. Leicester.
3 m. ESE. of Hinckley-99, near R. Soar, Watling
St., and the Foss Way, contains Sketchley. Acres
4670; pop. 1909 + 20; poorr. 737. (Hinckl. U.);
real prop. 17197. ; charities 227. St. Peter Rect.
(Pet.) val. with Burbage cur. 8787., patr. Earl de
Grey, gap A.-GRANGE tnshp. (80) Runcorn par.
N. Cheshire, 3 m. E. of Frodsham-191, near N.
West. rail, and R. Weaver, was the site of an old
chapel. Acres 550 ; pop. 27. gaP A. Hall (61)
close to Shiffnall, E. Salop, G. Moultrie, Esq.
giT A. House (25) near Ashburton, SE. Devon.
Rev. J. Timplar. (g|" A.-INGHAM par. (43) Grey-
tree hund. SE. Hereford. 5 m. E. of Ross-120.
Acres 2300 ; pop. 621 + 3 ; poor r. 2917. (Newent
U.) ; real prop. 33207. ; charities 107. to Stocke's
school. Living, a Rect. (Heref.) val. 3507., patr.
Rev. H. Whatley, rector. A. Cruz 1 m. W.
fgjJT A.-IviNGHOE hmlt. (46) Ivinghoe par. E.
Bucks. 1 m. NNE. of Ivinghoe-33, commands a
fine view. Pop. 446 + 4 ; real prop. 15857. igST A.-
JUXTA-MONDRUM tnshp. (73. 80) Acton par.
S. Cheshire, 3m. N. of Nantwich -164, on Chester
and Crew rail. Acres 950 ; pop. 164 + 1 ; poor r.
1027. (Nantw. U.); real prop. 16547. ^" A.-
LE-WALLS par. (50) Chipping Warden hund.
SW. Nortlimptn. 7 m. NNE. of Banbury-71,
near Oxford canal and R. Cherwell, containing
Appletree, is so called from the Vallow '. e.
vallum or bank, on the roman way to Dor-
chester (Oxon.). Acres 1270 ; pop. 252 + 2 ; poor
r. 477. (Banb. U.) ; real prop. 34587. ; charities
67. St. Leonard Rect. (Pet.) val. 5357., patr. St.
John's Coll. Oxon. ; church, has a square sculp-
tured font, and a brass (1685). igf" A., LITTLE,
hmlt. (62) Shenstone par. S. Stafford. 5 m. ENE.
ofWaIsall-121. Pop. 115. A. Ha/l,W. Leigh,
Esq. ^p A. MAGNA hmlt. (44) Blockley par.
Worcester, locally in Gloucester. 2 m. NN'W. of
Moreton-in-the-Marsh-81, near the Foss Way.
Pop. 223 ; real prop. 18337. St. John Cur. (Wore.)
val. 1057., patr. Lord Redesdale. igf"" A., MID-
DLE, tnshp. Aston Steeple par. as below, JV.
Oxford. Pop. Ill; poor r. 1087. (Woodstock
U.) ; real prop. 13497. fiip" A. MOLLINS hmlt
(46) Dinton par. Mid. Bucks. 3 m. SW. of
Aylesbury-40. Pop. 4. igg- A. MORRIS tythg.
(20) Burnham and Huntshill pars. N. Somerset.
7 m. N. of Bridgewater-139, near the bay. Pop.
239 ; real prop. 26567. ^T A. NORTH par. (45)
Wooton hund. N. Oxford. 2 m. SSE. of Ded-
dington-69, on R. Chenvell near Oxford canal, a
meet for the Heythrop hounds. Acres 1230 ; pop.
289 ; poor r. 3017. (Woodst. U.) ; real prop. 28857. ;
charities 37. St. Mary Vic. (Oxon.) val. 1997., patr.
J. Wills, Esq. ; church, has an ivy-covered tower
and effigies. A. Park, Lord Clonmel. giP A.
PIGOT tnshp. (60) Worthen par. W. Salop, 10 m.
SW. of Shrewsbury-153, near R. Rhea, belongs
to Betton of Overton. Pop. 78. igT A. ROGERS
tnshp. J m. NE. of the above. Pop. 174. i^T A.
ROWNANT par. (13) Lewknor hund. SE. Ox-
ford. 5 m. SSE. of Thame-44, under the Chil-
terns, near Icknield St. (where remains have



AST

been found), contains Chalford and Kingston
lilount. Acres 2980, with crow iron or marca-
site in the hills ; pop. 885 ; poor r. 7987. (Thame
U.); real prop. 1943/. ; charitjes 12 II., of which
417. to Tipping's school. St. Peter and St. Paul
Vic. (Oxon.) val. 1907., patr. Ld. Chancellor;
church, early eng., has 2 brasses (from 1441) and
tombs of the Thornhills and others. A. Park,
Sir F. Desanges. igg" A. SANDFORD par. (7, 13,
45-6) Ashendon hund. Mid. Bucks. 5 m. SW. of
Aylesbury-40, on a branch of R. Thame. Acres
65"0; pop. 86; poor r. 347. (Aylesb. U.) ; real
prop. 7517. St. Michael Rect. (Line.) val. 1357.,
patr. Mrs. Barber, sometime held by the pious
and learned Scott the commentator, who is buried
here; church, small and later eng., with a gable
porch. jgg" A. SOMKRVILLE par. (44) Lower
Kiftsgate hund. 2V. Gloucester. 4 m. S. of Eves-
ham- 96, on R. Isborne, has been for centuries the
property of the Somervilles, of whom was William
the poet, author of the " Chase," and Lord S. who
first bred merino sheep in the country. Acres
1320; pop. 89; poor r. 31. (Evesh. U.) ; real
prop. 1401/. St. Mary Rect. (Gl. and Br.) val.
272/., patr. Lord Somerville. Jossils and a salt
spring have been found. igap" A. STEEPLE par.
(45) Wootton hund. N. Oxford. 6 m. NNE. of
Woodstock-62, on R. Cherwell, near Oxford
canal, containing A. MIDDLE tnshp. as above, and
a mineral spring. Acres 1870 ; pop. 580 + 2 ; poor
r. 1867. (YVoodst. U.) ; real prop. 2195/. St.
Peter Rect. (Oxon.) val. 5827., patr. Brasennose
Coll., some time held by Dr. S. Radcliffe,
founder of the free school and almshouses;
church, ancient, with tombs of the Molines, who
had the manor, which came to the Hunger-
fords. A roman pavement was ploughed up 17th
cent. gaP A.-sun-Enc.E par. (44) Upper Kifts-
gate hund. iV. Gloucester. 5 m. SE. of Eves-
ham-96, under Bredon hill. Acres 850; pop.
134 + 3; poor r. 197. (Evesh. U.); real prop.
1435/. ; charities 27. Living, a Rect. (Gl. and
Br.) val. 204/., patr. Earl of Harrowby of Sandon.
<gP A. SUTTOX chplry. (80) Runcom par. N.
Cheshire, 3 m. E. of Frodsham-191, near N. West.
iail. and R. Weaver, contains Middleton Grange.
Acres 1490 ; pop. 206 + 3 ; poor r. 54/. (Runcorn
U.); real prop. 2466/. Living, a Cur. (Ches.)
val. 88/., patr. Sir A. Aston, Bt. of A. Hall;
church, has an old lectern or reading-desk. |JiP
A. TIRROLD par. (13) Moreton hund. Mid. Berks.
4 m. SW. of Wallingford-46, near Gt. West. rail.
Acres 2030; pop. 343; poor r. 21 21. (Wallingf.
U.) ; real prop. 2391/. ; charities 14/., of which 31.
to Rigby's school. St. Michael Rect. (Oxon.)
val. 2337., patr. Magd. Coll. igp A.-UPON-
CARROJ-T tythg. (44) Ashchurch par. A'". Gloucester.
3 m. EXE. of Tewkesbury-183, near Birmg. and
Glouc. rail. Pop. 179; real prop. 12417. <gT A.-
UPON-TRENT par. (71) Morleston hund. SE.
Derby. 5 m. SE. of Derby-126, on Gd. Trunk
canal, near R. Trent, containing Shardlow cur.
and Far Wilne, was a mkt. town. Acres 3290,
of town 1710; pop. 1952 and 646 + 2, in the
corn trade and potteries; poor r. 227/. (Shardlow
I 1. ); real prop. 434 1/.; charities 22/. All Saints
K-t. (Lirh.) val. with Shardlow 10307., patr. !'..
A. Uoldcn, Esq. of A. Hall. A. f^dgt>,G. R. Ilul-
bert, Esq. ^g" A. UPTIIORPE chplry. (13) Blew-
berry par. Mid. Berks, close to A. Tiiii:<>u> .'^
above, is the spot when- \Vulflicrr of Mcrcia beat
Konowaloh of Wessex 659. Acres 1120, pop. I.V.t,
poor r. 46/. (Walliiigford U.), real prop. 1583/.
Living, a Cur. with Blewberry ; church, ancient.
<3f A. WH EATON. See Wn EATON A. Stii{f'i>ril.
O" A, WHITE LADY par. (54) Lower Oswaldslow



ATC



83



hund. Mid. Worcester. 5 m. NW. of Pcrshore
-102, near Birmg. and Glouc. rail, had a celestine
nunnery (not to be. confounded with Whiteladies
nearer Worcester), and was Cromwell's head- quar-
ters before the battle of Worcester. Acres 760 ;
pop. 367; poor r. 1957. (Persh. U.); real prop.
20297. St. J. Baptist Vic. (Wore.) val. 226/., patr.
R. Berkeley, Esq. See A. EPISCOPI, as above.

ASTRAD tnshp. (79) Llandyrnog par. N. Den-
bigh. 1 m. SE. of Denbigh-201. Pop. 49. A. Hall,
T. Hughes, Esq.

ASTROP hmlt. (451 King's Sutton and New-
bottle pars. S W. Northmptn. 5 m. W. of Brackley
-63, near R. Cherwell, has St. Rumbold's mineral
well, which was used for skin diseases. Pop. 224.
A. Hall, W. Willes, Esq., a meet for Mr. Drake's
hounds.

ASTWELL hmlt. (45) Wappenham and Syres-
ham pars. SW. Northmptn. 6m. SW. of Tow-
cester-60, belongs to the Duke of Buckingham,
formerly to the Billings, Lovetts, and the Ferrers
family, the remains of whose mansion and chapel
are at A. Farm. Pop. 46; real prop. 21187. A
meet for Ld. Southampton's hounds.

ASTWICK par. (46) Biggleswade hund. E. Beds.
4m. SE. of Biggleswade-45, on R. Ivel, near a
roman way. Acres 570 ; pop. 84 ; poor r. 247.
(Bigglesw. U.); real prop. 7587. St. Guth-
lake Rect. with Arlsey. igT Astwick (45) 2 in.
SW. of Brackley, <S W. Northmptn. was once a
large town, and has remains of a manor house.
giT ASTWICK. See AUSTNVICK, York.

Astwith (82) 5 m. SE. of Chesterfield, NE.
Derby.

Astwood (54) 1 m. NE. of Worcester, Mid.
Worcester, on Birmg. canal, (pf* Astwood (54)
1 in. NE. of Droitwieh, Mid. Worcester.

Astwood Bank (54) 7 m. SE. of Bromsgrove, E,
Worcester, near A. Court.

AsTWOOD-BuRY par. (46) Newport hund. NE.
Bucks. 5m. NE. of Newport Pagnel-50. Acres
1300 ; pop. 243 ; poor r. 91/. (Newport U.) ; real
prop. 16957. St. Peter Vic. (Oxon.) value 2307.,
patr. Ld. Chancellor.

ASWARBY par. (70) Aswardhurn wap. . Lin-
coln. 3m. S. of Sleaford-115, in the fens, a meet
for the Belvoir hounds. Acres 1940; pop. 119;
poor r. 97. (Sleaf. U.) ; real prop. 21047. ; charities
57. St. Dennis Rect. (Line.) value 2857., patr. Sir
T. Whichcote, Bt., of A. House, who holds the
manor through the Harveys ; church, has a good
stone spire and tower. Bass, who discovered
Bass's Straits, was a native.

ASWARDBY par (84) Hill hund. Mid. Lincoln.
6 m. E. of Horncastle-134, on R. Steeping. Acres
650 ; pop. 92 + 1 ; poor r. 517. (Spilsby U.) ; real
prop. 12027. St. Helen Rect. (Line.) val. 2667.,
patr. R. Brackenbury, Esq.

ASWARDHURN WAPENTAKE (70) parts of Kcs-
teven, S. Line, includes the parishes (and bene-
fices) of Asgarby vie. (with Kirkby-le-Thorpe),
Aswarby rect., Aunsby r., Burton-l'edwardine r.,
Evedon r., Ewerby v., Great Hale v., Haydor,
Heckington v., Helpringham r., Howell r., In-
goldsby r., Kirkby-le-Thorpe r., South Kyme cur.,
Quarrington r., Scradington r.. Old Sleaford,
S\v:irby r., Silk Willoughby ; acres 45,280, pop.
7183. >! ASWARDHURN with LAFFOKU DEANERY,
archd. and dioc. of Lincoln, includes the benefices
marked above, with those in Flaxwell wap.

Aswichtoft, 4 m. NE. of Croyland-90, SE.
Line, the site of a small moated camp, where
roman remains have been found.

ATCH, LENCII, hmlt. (54) Church Lench p;i-.
SE. Worcester. 4 in. N. of Evesham-95. Pop. 82.

ATCIIAM par. (61) S. Bradford hund. Mid,

u 2



8-1



ATC



ATH



Salop, 5m. SE. of Shrewsbury-153, where R.
Tern joins the Severn near the bridges b. by
Sir R. Hill, of Attingham (now seat of Lord
Berwick), contains Berwick, Chilton, Cronkhill,
Emstrey, and Uckington. Acres 3490 ; pop.
513 + 5 ; poor r. 125'. ; real prop. 5112Z. ; chanties
84/., of which Jones's for school, etc. GO/. Living,
a Vic. (Lich.) val. 240/., patr. R. Burton, Esq.,
of Longnor Hall. Ordericus Vitalis, the historian,
a native, born 1074. g^" Atch. P. L. Union
contains the pars. etc. of Acton Burnel, Alber-
bury, Albrighton, Astley, Atcham, Battlefield,
Berrington (where poor ho. is), Cardiston, Church
Preen, Church Pulverbatch, Condover, Cound,
Cressage, Eaton Constantine, Fitz, Ford, Frodesley,
Habberley, Hanwood (Great), Harley, Hughley,
Kenley, Leighton, Melverley, Montford, Pitch-
ford, Pontesbury, Shineton, Shrawardine, Staple-
ton, Sutton, Uffington, Uppington, Upton Magna,
Westbury, Withington,Wroxeter with Minsterley,
Preston-Gubbals, Ruckle}', Gt.Wollaston, in Salop,
and Banseley, Criggion, in Montgy. ; acres
107,640, pop. 18,842, cases relieved (yr. 1846-7)562
(outdoor 299), expend. 433U, prop, rated 147.199Z.
Sup.Registry comprises the same up to Wroxeter ;
pop. 18,842 + 109; births (1845) 564 (272 being
females 55 illegit), deaths 340 marriages
93, of which 76 persons signed with marks ; 15
deaths from cholera in 1849. It belongs to
Shrewsbury New County Court district.

Atchington (73) 6 m. NW. of Newport, NE.
Salop.

ATHAN, ST. (20) Cowbridge hund. SE. Gla-
morgan. 4 in. SSE. of Cowbridge- 173, on thecoast
near Breaksea Point. Acres 1300, hilly and fer-
tile ; pop. 379 + 6 ; poor r. 207/. (Bridgend U.) ;
real prop. 2208/. St. Tathan's Rect. (Llan.) val.
3G9/., patr. Rev. W. Raver. At E. Orchard are
the remains of Roger Berkrolles' castle.

Athar Mountn. (73) a peak in the Mac Gilli-
cuddy Reeks, Mid. Kerry, near Lough Carragh,
2540 "ft. high.

ATHASSEL. See RELICKMURRY, Tlpperary.

Athavallie (90) near Balla, Mid. Mayo, Sir
R. L. Blosse, Bt.

P. M. ATHBOY par. (23-4, 29, 30) Lune bar.
W. Meath, 7 m. NW. of Trim, 34 from Dublin,
on A. River (which rises near Crossakeel, and
runs SE. about 15 m. to R. Boyne near Trim) a
petty sessions and chief police station, was a
borough returning 2 members from Eliz. (till the
Union), under the Earl of Darnley who has the
manor, and to whom it gives title of viscount,
and has remains of a carmelite monastery found.
1317, and of Frayne and Causetown castles.
Acres 11,884, good pasture, with limestone; pop.
5365 + 5, of town 1826 ; houses 307, with Earl
Darnley's almhouses for 12. Living, a Vic.
(Meath) val. with Girley and three others 432/.,
patr. Crown, Primate, and Bishop. A. Lodge,
Sir F. Hopkins, Bt Mkt. D. Th. Fairs, 28
Jan. 4 May, 4 Aug. 7 Nov.

Alhcarne Castle (33) 7 m. SW. of Drogheda,
E. Meath, G. J. Gernon, Esq., formerly the De
Bathes' seat.

ATHEA vil. (34) Shanid bar. W. Limerick, 10
m. W. of Newcastle-145, on R. Geale. Pop. 215.

ATHELAMPSTONE. See ADMISTON, Dorset.

ATHELINGTON par. (50) Hoxne hund. N. Suf-
folk, 5 m. NE. of Debenham-83. Acres 980 ; pop.
Ill; poor r. 751. (Hoxne U.) ; real prop. 908/. ;
charities 2/. St. Peter Rect. (Norw.) val. 155Z.,
patr. Lil. Chancellor. Athel, Adel, jEtliel, Ethel,
" noble " or " famous."

Athelinton, or Athebdton, vil. about 7 m. W. of
Peterboro', NJf. Hunts, now depopulated, was



given by Bp. Athelric in Canute's time to Ram-
sey abbey, and an amusing story is quoted in the
" Beauties of Engld. and Wales " of the way in
which the cunning bishop obtained it from a hard-
drinking Dane.

ATHELNEY, i.e. noble island (18) Ling par.
Mid. Somerset. 3 m. NW. of Langport-128, where
R. Tone joins the Parret, in a marshy field between
Borough Bridge and the church, is famous as
the spot where Alfred hid from his enemies,
and where, 888, he founded a small but beautiful
benedictine abbey, now entirely gone. Many
relics have been picked up at various times,
among others a ring of Alfred's, at the Ash-
molean museum, Oxon. with this device, ' Alfred
het meh gewircan,' Alfred had me worked.

P. ATHELSTANEFORD par. 3 m. NE. of Hadding-
ton-17, N. Hadngtn. on R. Peffer, under the
Garleton hills, has remains of a camp and of a
chapel belonging to the K. Templars. Size 4000
chiefly arable, but once morass ; pop. 991 +2,
of vil. 274 ; real prop. 806U ; for poor 308i
Living (Presb. Hadngtn.) val. 262/., patr. Sir
D. Kinlock, Bt., of Gilmerton, chief heritor,
sometime held by Blair who wrote " The Grave,"
and Home, author of "Douglas, "who lived at Kil-



Online LibraryJames A SharpA new gazetteer, or, Topographical dictionary of the British Islands and narrow seas : comprising concise descriptions of about sixty thousand places, seats, natural features, and objects of note ... and an appendix ... (Volume 1) → online text (page 24 of 293)