Copyright
James Adam.

Texts to illustrate a course of elementary lectures on Greek philosophy after Aristotle online

. (page 1 of 6)
Online LibraryJames AdamTexts to illustrate a course of elementary lectures on Greek philosophy after Aristotle → online text (page 1 of 6)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


LIBRARY

^ OF THE

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA.



Class



Texts to illustrate a Course of
Elementary Lectures on Greek
Philosophy after Aristotle



Texts to illustrate a Course
of Elementary Lectures
on Greek Philosophy
after Aristotle



Selected and arranged by J. Adam,
M.A., Hon. LL.D. of Aberdeen
University, Fellow and Senior Tutor
of Emmanuel College, Cambridge




London

Macmillan and Co., Limited

New York : The Macmillan Company
1902

All rights reserved



"3505

A4-



SEWERAL



6K COY r&P T6NOC GCMGN



PREFACE

IN preparing this volume of extracts, which is uniform with
Dr. Jackson's recently published compendium, 1 my primary
and immediate object has been to provide a text-book for
use in connexion with my lectures on post-Aristotelian
philosophy, particularly Stoicism and Epicureanism. I
have, however, endeavoured to keep in view the needs of
those students, if any such there be, who, having a fair
knowledge of the classical languages, and some interest in
philosophy, may wish to acquire for themselves an elementary
knowledge at first hand of the two greatest and most repre-
sentative systems of Greek thought and dogma between
the death of Aristotle and the birth of Christ.

The modern writers to whom I am most indebted are
Zeller, Philosophic der Gh*iechen ; Hitter and Preller, Historia
Philosophiae G-raecae ; Diels, Doxographi Graeci ; Usener,
Upicurea ; Stein, Psychologic der Stoa ; Pearson, Fragments
of Zeno and Cleanthes ; and Dyroff, Ethik der alien Stoa.
My obligations to Zeller are paramount ; and I am glad to
have this opportunity of placing on record the admiration
which, in common with all students of ancient philosophy,
I have long felt for his incomparable work.

1 Texts to illustrate a Course of Elementary Lectures on the History of Greek
Philosophy from Thales to Aristotle. Macmillan and Go. 1901.



EMMANUEL COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE
I9th December 1901.



155700



CONTENTS

I THE ACADEMY AFTER PLATO

Section Page

1 Introductory . 1

2, 3 Speusippus and Xenocrates . . 1

4-6 Arcesilaus ... 1

7-14 Carneades ... , 2

15-17 Philo .... 4

18-22 Antiochus . . . . -4



II THE PERIPATETIC SCHOOL AFTER ARISTOTLE

23-28 Theophrastus . . 7

29-32 Strato and Lyco ..... 8



III THE OLDER SCEPTICS
33-38 Pyrrho and Timon ..... 9

IV EPICURUS

39-44 Introductory . 11

45, 46 Philosophy and its parts . 13

47-56 Canonic . . . . .14

57-83 Physics ... .16

84-102 Ethics 23



viii TEXTS FOR LECTURES ON GREEK PHILOSOPHY



V THE STOICS

Section Page

103-105 Introductory . . . . .28

106-108 Philosophy and its parts . . . .29

109-126 Logic . . . . . .30

127-152 Physics . . . . . .34

153-196 Ethics ... 41

VI GREEK PHILOSOPHY IN EOME

197-202 Introductory . . . . .56

203 Early Epicureans . . . . .57

204-213 Lucretius . . . . . .58

214-222 Panaetius and Posidonius . . . .60

223-230 Cicero . . . . . .62

231 Virgil ...... 64

232-234 Seneca . . . . . .65

235, 236 Musonius . . . . - . .66

237-243 Epictetus . . . . . .67

244-248 Marcus Aurelius . 69



1-4]




I THE ACADEMY AFTER PLATO

PRESIDENTS

, ( SPEUSIPPUS 347-339 B.C.
Old Academ 339-314



Second or Middle Academy ARCESILAUS ?-241

Third or New Academy CARNEADES 160 (?)-129

Fourth Academy PHILO 100 ty-circa 79

Fifth Academy ANTIOCHUS circa 79-circa 69



1 Sextus Empiricus Pyrrhoneorum I 220
yeyovacriv, 009 (fra&iv ol Tr\eiovs, $vo ^7 rpeis* teal

fjLev /ecu dp^aiordrrj rj rwv Trepl Tl\dra)va, Sevrepa
Se /cat pear] rj r&v Trepl *ApKcri\aov rov aKOv&Trjv
TloXe/jicovos, Tpirrj 8e Kal vea rj TWV Trepl KapvedSrjv 5
/cal KXe^ro/^a^o^ ' evioi Se Kal rerdprrji' Trpoo-rtOeao't, rwv
Trepl <&l\wva KOI Xap/jiiSav. rives &e Kal TrefATTTrjv /cara-
\eyova-i, rrjv T&V Trepl rbv *A.vrio%ov.

2 Diogenes Laertius IV 1 8teSefaro 8' avrov (TOV HXa- Speusippus
TWO,) ^TrevcriTrTros Rvpv/jie&ovTOs ' ' A.6r)valo<$. See Jackson 10
Texts for Lectures etc., pp. 72 ff.

3 Diogenes Laertius IV 14 SteSefaro Se ^Treva-iTTTrov (o Xenocrates
Eevofcpdrris) /cal d^rjytjo-aro TT)? o"%o\rj<? Trevre /cal

LKO(7tV T7J. See Jackson l.C.

4 Cicero de oratore in 6 7 Arcesilas primum, qui Polemo- Arcesiiaus
nem audierat, ex variis Platonis libris sermonibusque
Socraticis hoc maxime adripuit, nihil esse certi, quod aut
sensibus aut animo percipi possit ; quem ferunt eximio
quodam usum lepore dicendi aspernatum esse omne animi
sensusque iudicium prirnumque instituisse (quamquam id 20

fuit Socraticum maxime) non quid ipse sentiret ostendere,
sed contra id, quod quisque se sentire dixisset, disputare.

B



2 TEXTS FOR LECTURES ON GREEK PHILOSOPHY [5

5 Cicero academica I 44 cum Zenone, inquam, ut
accepimus, Arcesilas sibi omne certamen instituit. ibid. 45
Arcesilas negabat esse quicquam quod sciri posset, ne
illud quidem ipsum, quod Socrates sibi reliquisset : sic omnia

5 latere censebat in occulto : neque esse quicquam quod
cerni aut intellegi posset : quibus de causis nihil oportere
neque profiteri neque adfirmare quemquam neque adsen-
sione approbare, cohibereque semper et ab omni lapsu
continere temeritatem, quae turn esset insignis, cum aut falsa
10 aut incognita res approbaretur, neque hoc quicquam esse
turpius quam cognitioni et perceptioni adsensionem appro-
bationemque praecurrere.

6 Sextus Empiricus VII 156158 Trdvrwv OVTWV d/cara-
\r)TTT(i)v Bta T7)V dvvTrap^lav TOV ^TCOLKOV KpiT^piov, el

15 (Tvy/caraOTJo-erat, 6 o-o</>o9, Bo^do-ei, 6 <7O009' /jLtjBevbs yap
OVTOS KaTd\rjTTTOv, el (rvy/caTaTtOeTai TIVL, rcS d/cara-
\TJTTTW crwyKaraOrfo'eTai,, rj Be rw a/caraX^TrTft) crvyKard-
Oevis So^a early. wtrre el TWV crwy/caraTiOe/jievwv eo-rlv

6 <T0009, TWV So^aCTTWV (7Tai, 6 (7O<j)OS. OV^l $ J TO)V

20 So^aarrwv earuv o <70^>o? (rovro yap d<f)poo-vvrj$ r)V KCLT
CLVTOVS, /cal rwv d/JLaprrj/judrcov CLITIOV)' OVK dpa rwv av<y-
Karari,6e/jLevct)v ecrrlv 6 aocfros. el Be rovro, Trepl Trdvrcov
avrov Serjo-et davyKaraderelv. TO Be
ovBev erepov ecmv TJ TO eireyeiv ee%ei dpa Trepl

25 o (JO00?. aXA,' eTrel yu-era TOVTO eBei, /cal Trepl TJ}? TOV
ftiov Bie^ajcDyi}(i ^rjTelv, JJTIS ov %w/)t9 /cpiTrjpiov Treffrv/cev
aTToBiBoo-Oai, d<l> ov /cal rj evBaifAovia, TOVTeaTi TO TOV
ftiov TeXo?, rjpTrj/jievijv e%i Trjv TTICTTIV, ^alv o 'Ap/ce-
cri\ao<$ OTL ov Trepl TrdvTcov eTre^wv Kavoviei ra?

30 /cal <pv<yas /cal KOLVWS ra? Trpd^eis TO) ev\6<yq),
TOVTO Te Trpoep^o/jLevos TO KpiTTjpiov KaTOpOayaei' TTJV
yap evBai/jioviav TrepiyivecrOai, Bia TT}? (frpovrjo'eG)?, TTJV Be
<$>powr)(Tiv Kivelo~6ai ev rot? KaTOpO^^acnv, TO Be /caTop-
Ocofjua elvai OTrep Trpa^Oev evKoyov e^ei TTJV dTrd\o<yiav.

35 o TTpoae^cov ovv TO) ev\6jO) KaTOpOa)crei /cal evBaifjiovriorei.
Carneades 7 Sextus Empiricus VII 159 o Be KapvedBrjs ov /JLOVOV

rot? Sro)iA;ot9 d\\a /cal TTaai ro?9 Trpo avTOv dvTiBieTda-
Trepl TOV Kpirijpiov . . . ovBev ea-Tiv a7rXw9 d\r)6eia<;



10] THE ACADEMY



, ov Xoyo?, OVK o&rOij&ls, ov (fravTao-la, OVK aXXo
TL TWV OVTCOV TrdvTa yap ravra crvX\ij/3$riv



8 Cicero academica II 28 ex hoc illud est natum, quod
postulabat Hortensius, ut id ipsum saltern perceptum a s
sapiente diceretis, nihil posse percipi. sed Antipatro hoc
idem postulanti, cum diceret ei, qui adfirmaret nihil posse
percipi, unum tamen illud dicere percipi posse consentaneum
esse, ut alia non possent, Carneades acutius resistebat.
nam tantum abesse dicebat, ut id consentaneum esset, ut
maxime etiam repugnaret. qui enim negaret quicquam
esse quod perciperetur, eum nihil excipere : ita necesse esse,
ne id ipsum quidem, quod exceptum non esset, comprehend!
et percipi ullo modo posse.

9 Sextus Empiricus IX 139141 el yap elal 6eoi, fo>a 15
elo-[v. el Be %wa elcriv, alo-QdvovTai" TCCLV yap ^wov

TO^rj voeirai a)ov. el 8e alorOdvovrai, /cal
/cal y\v/cd^ovraL' ov ydp St' aXX??? fjuev
al([email protected])crea)s avTiXafiffdvovTai, TWV alo'd^rwv, ov^l 8e
/cal Sid TJ}? yevcrews. oOev Kal TO TrepucoTrrew ravrriv tf 20
riva aid TIG iv d\\7]v avrXw? rov Beov 7ra^T6\a)9

TrepiTTorepas ydp alcrOijae^ e^wv [6
avrov yevricrerai, &eov paXkov, &>9 e\eyev 6
crvv rat? iraa-w VTrap^ovo-ai^ Trevre Tavrais
/cal aXXa? aurcS TrepirroTepas Trpoa/jLaprvpelv, 25



f iv



Trevre d<paipeiv. pijreov ovv Tiva yevcnv e^eiv rov
Oeov, Kal Bid TavTvjs dvr(,\a/jL/3dveo-0ai, TWV yevo-T&v.
el Sid yevo-ecos dvTL\aiifSdveTai, y\vicd%eTai KOI
d^eTai. y\v/ca%6/j,evos Se /cal iri/cpa^o/jbevos evape&Tijo-et, 30
Kal Svo-apeo-TTjaei. Svaape&Twv Se TKTL Kal 6%\r)crea)<;
$e/CTL/cbs Kal TTJS eVl TO ^elpov yu-eTa/^oX?}?. el Be
TOVTO, $>8apTos e<TTLv. w(7T6 ei7Tp elal Oeol, <f)0apTOi
ela-iv. OVK dpa Oeol elcriv.

10 Quintilianus xn 1. 35 neque enim Academici, cum 35
in utramque disseruerunt partem, non secundum alteram
vivent; nee Carneades ille, qui Eomae audiente Censorio
Catone non minoribus viribus contra iustitiam dicitur



4 TEXTS FOR LECTURES ON GREEK PHILOSOPHY [lO

disseruisse quam pridie pro iustitia dixerat, iniustus ipse
vir fuit.

11 Sextus Empiricus vii 166 airaLTov^evo^ Be KOI
TI KpiTrjpiOV TTpos re Trjv Tov ftiov Bie^aywyrjv teal

5 rrjv TT}? evBai/jiovias TrepiKTrjaiv, Bwd/jLei eTravaytc
/cal icaff avrov Trepl TOVTOV BiardTTeo-Oat,, 7rpocr\afji{3di>cov
T7)V re TTiOavrjv (fravrao-iav /cal Trjv TTiOavrjv dfjua /cal
aTrepio-TracrTOV KOI BLe^wBevfjLevrjv.

12 Cicero de finibus m 4 1 Carneades . . . pugnare non
10 destitit, in omni hac quaestione, quae de bonis et malis

appelletur, non esse re rum Stoicis cum Peripateticis con-
troversiam, sed nominum.

13 Cicero academica II 1 3 1 introducebat etiam Carneades,
non quo probaret, sed ut opponeret Stoicis, summum bonum

15 esse frui rebus eis, quas primas natura conciliavisset.

14 Cicero Tusculanae disputationes in 54 legimus
librum Clitomachi, quern ille eversa Karthagine misit con-
solandi causa ad captivos cives suos ; in eo est disputatio
scripta Carneadis, quam se ait in commentarium rettulisse.

20 cum ita positum esset, videri fore in aegritudine sapientem
patria capta, quae Carneades contra dixerit, scripta sunt.

15 Eusebius praeparatio evangelica xiv 8. 15 StaSo^o? 8'
avrov (rov Kapz/eaSof) XT}? &iaTpi/3rjs KaOLa-rarai KXetro-

/AO.^09, fJb0 OV <&i\Ci)V.

25 16 Cicero academica I 1 3 Antiochi magister Philo, magnus
vir, ut tu existimas ipse, negat in libris, quod coram etiam
ex ipso audiebamus, duas Academias esse erroremque eorum,
qui ita putarunt, coarguit.

17 Sextus Empiricus PyrrJwneorum I 235 ol Be

3 o <&i\(i)va (j)a(Tiv oaov JJLGV eVl ru> ^TWLKU> KpiTrjpi
rrj KaTa\7]7mfcf) ^avraa-ia, aKara\7]7rra elvai ra
o<rov Be CTTL rfj (frvcrei rwv irpa^fjbdrwv avrwv
Compare Cicero academica II 18.
Autiochus 18 Cicero academica H 69, 70 sed prius pauca cum

35 Antiocho, qui haec ipsa, quae a me defenduntur, et didicit
apud Philonem tarn diu, ut constaret diutius didicisse
neminem, et scripsit de his rebus acutissime, et idem haec
non acrius accusavit in senectute quam antea defensitaverat.



22] THE ACADEMY 5

quamvis igitur fuerit acutus, ut fuit, tamen inconstantia
levatur auctoritas. quis enim iste dies illuxerit quaero,
qui illi ostenderit earn, quam multos annos esse negitavisset,
veri et falsi notam. excogitavit aliquid ? eadem dicit
quae Stoici. poenituit ilia sensisse ? cur non se trans- s
tulit ad alios et maxime ad Stoicos ? eorum enim erat
propria ista dissensio. quid ? eum Mnesarchi poenitebat ?
quid ? Dardani ? qui erant Athenis turn principes Stoi-
corum. numquam a Philone discessit, nisi postea quam
ipse coepit qui se audirent habere. unde autem subito 10
vetus Academia revocata est ? nominis dignitatem videtur,
cum a re ipsa descisceret, retinere voluisse, quod erant qui
ilium gloriae causa fecisse dicerent, sperare etiam fore ut ei,
qui se sequerentur, Aiitiochii vocarentur.

19 Cicero de finibus v 7 audebo te ab hac Academia nova 15
ad illam veterem vocare, in qua, ut dicere Antiochum
audiebas, non ei soli numerantur, qui Academici vocantur,
Speusippus, Xenocrates, Polemo, Grantor ceterique, sed etiam
Peripatetic! veteres, quorum princeps Aristoteles, quern
excepto Platone baud scio an recte dixerim principem 20
philosophorum. Compare ibid. 22 restant Stoici, qui, cum

a Peripateticis et Academicis omnia transtulissent, nominibus
aliis easdem res secuti sunt.

20 Sextus Empiricus Pyrrhoneorum I 235 o 'A^rto^o?
rrjv ^roav fjbeTrjyayev e/9 rrjv 'A/caSrj/juiav, ax; KOI eipfjcrOat, 25
eir avTut OTI ev 'A.Ka$r]iJila fyiXocrofal ra ^TWifcd'

jap OTI Trapa IlXaT&w Kelrat, ra r&v
oy/jLara. Compare Cicero academica II 132
(Antiochus) qui appellabatur Academicus, erat quidem, si
perpauca mutavisset, germanissimus Stoicus. 30

21 Cicero academica II 134 Zeno in una virtute positam
beatam vitam putat. quid Antiochus ? etiam, inquit,
beatam, sed non beatissimam. deus ille, qui nihil censuit
deesse virtuti, homuncio hie, qui multa putat praeter
virtutem homini partim cara esse, partirn etiam necessaria. 3S

22 Cicero de finibus v 6 5 in omni autem honesto, de quo
loquimur, nihil est tarn illustre nee quod latius pateat
quam coniunctio inter homines hominum et quasi quaedam



6 TEXTS FOR LECTURES ON GREEK PHILOSOPHY [22

societas et communicatio utilitatum et ipsa caritas generis
humani, quae nata a primo satu, quod a procreatoribus nati
diliguntur et tota domus coniugio et stirpe coniungitur,
serpit sensim foras, cognationibus primum, turn adfmitatibus,

s deinde amicitiis, post vicinitatibus, turn civibus et eis, qui
publice socii atque amici sunt, deinde totius conplexu
gentis humanae : quae animi affectio suum cuique
tribuens atque hanc, quani dico, societatem coniunctionis
humanae munifice et aeque tuens iustitia dicitur, cui sunt

10 adiunctae pietas, bonitas, liberalitas, benignitas, comitas
quaeque sunt generis eiusdem.



26]



II THE PERIPATETIC SCHOOL AFTER ARISTOTLE

PRESIDENTS

THEOPHRASTUS 322-288 B.C.
STRATO 288-270
LYCO 270-226

23 Diogenes Laertius V 36 eo^/aacrro? MeXaz/ra 'E(/>e- Theophrastus

CTt09. . . . OUT09 TTpWTOV fJLV rjKOVCTeV ' AX/CLTTTTOV TOV TToXtTOU

ev rf/ TraTpiBi, etr' aKovaa^ H\dT(ovos fjierecrrrj



t rerdpTrj Kal BeKarrj s
KOI e/caroo-rfj.

24 Theophrastus dJe ca^s plantarum II 3. 5 /catrot ra
fca06\ov /col KOIVCL irpwra eSet ^fjTelv evpedevrcov yap
TOVTCOV Kal ra Kara /juepos fyavepd. TOVTO [lev ovv
KCO\VOI,T av &ia TO ^a\67rov el're TrXeiovs alrlat
vovcruv eire fila" Trepl Se rcov ev rot9 Kad' eKacrra jj,d\\ov
evTTopovjjuev 77 <yap aio-O^ai^ SiScocrw dp^a^.

25 1 1. 1 r) pep ovv aTro TOV dTTepfJiaTO^ yeveo-is Koivrj
TrdvTcov ecrrt T>V I^OVTWV (TTrepfjLa- TrdvTa yap SvvaTai
yevvav. TOVTO Be Kal Ty al(r6r)crei (fravepbv OTI <7u//,yW- 15
vet, KaTa Be TOV \6yov iV&)9 dvayKaiov rj ydp <J>V(T^
ovBev iroiel fjbdTrjv, rj/acrra Be ev rot9 7T/3<wrot9 Kal
KVpKOTaTOL^' TrpwTov Be Kal KVpio)TaTov TO dTTepfjia, wcrre
TO (TTrep/jia ^aT^v av eiy fjurj Bwdfjuevov yevvdv, eiTrep
TOVTOV %dpiv alel TO cnrep/^a Kal 7T/309 TOVTO TrecfrvKev. 20

26 I 16. 11 77 Be (<f>vo-i<;) del ?r/)09 TO @e\Ti,crTov
opjjLa Kal Tov0 y cbaTrep 6fjLO\oyov/jLev6v ecrTi, TavTrj Be
Kal TCL T^9 OepaTrelas' a/j,a yap Kal TeXe&>ert9 yiveTai



T?79 <ucrea>9 oTav w
Bid



8 TEXTS FOR LECTURES ON GREEK PHILOSOPHY [27

27 Theophrastus (?) apud Porphyrium de abstinentia
III 25 /cal /Jirjv Trdcri rot? o>ot9 at ye rwv
dp%al Tretfrv/cacriv al avrai. \eyco Se ovtc eVl TO.
dvafyeptov rd Trpwra" etc TOVTCOV fjiev yap KOI rd <f)vrd

s aXX' olov o-Trepfjia, (rap/cas, /cal TO rwv vypwv rofc
<rvfji(j)VTOv yevos. TTO\V 8e paXXov TO> ra? eV
tyv%as d&iatyopovs Tretyv/cevai, \eyco Brj rals
/cal rat? opyals, en Se rot? Xo7t<r/iOi?, KOI
TrdvTcov rat? ala-drjaeo-iv. aXX,' oyo-nrep rd awfjuara, ovrco

10 /cat T9 TJrvxds rd fiev dTrrjKpi/Bay/jLevas e^et rcoz/ f&)&)z/,
ra Se rjrrov roiavras. Trdai ye ^v avrois al avral



28 Cicero Tusculanae disputationesv 24 hie autem elegan-
tissimus omnium philosophorum et eruditissimus non magno
is opere reprehenditur, cum tria genera dicit bonorum ; vexatur
autem ab omnibus primum in eo libro, quern scripsit de vita
beata, in quo multa disputat, quamobrem is, qui torqueatur,
qui crucietur, beatus esse non possit. in eo etiani putatur
dicere in rotam beatam vitam non escendere.

Strato 29 Diogenes Laertius v 58 SteSe^aro 3' avrov (rov

eo(f>pdo-Tov) rrjv a^oiXrjv ^rpdrcov 'Ap/cecriXdov Aa/jutya-
/crjvbs dvrjp e\\oyi,fjL(t)TaTO$ /cal <f)vcnfco<i eVt/cX^^et? CLTTO
rov Trepl rrjv Oewpiav ravrrjv Trap OVTIVOVV e



25 30 Cicero academica H 121 Lampsacenus Strato . . .
negat opera deorum se uti ad fabricandum mundum. quae-
cumque sint, docet ornnia effecta esse natura, nee, ut ille,-
qui asperis et levibus et hamatis uncinatisque corporibus
concreta haec esse dicat interiecto inani. somnia censet haec

30 esse Democriti non docentis, sed opinantis. ipse autem

singulas mundi partes persequens, quidquid aut sit aut fiat,

naturalibus fieri aut factum esse docet ponderibus et

motibus.

Lyco 31 Diogenes Laertius V 6 5 TOVTOV (rbv eo^paarov') Sie-

35 Se^aro Av/cwv ' Ao-rvdva/cros TpoxzSev?. ibid. 68 d^ytjoraro
Se T?}9 (7^oX^? err) rerrapa Trpbs rofc rerrapaKOvra.

32 Cicero de finibus v 13 Lyco, oratione locuples, rebus
ipsis ieiunior.



35]



III THE OLDER SCEPTICS

PYRRHO circa 365-275 B.C.
TIMON circa 320-230

33 Diogenes Laertius ix 61 Hvppcov, 'HXeto9, UXeicrr- Pyrrho
dpX ov p^v TJV v 60?, icaOd /ecu Ato/cX^? Icrropel. W9 <j>r)cri
Be y A7ro\\6B(0pos eV %povncols, Trporepov r)V frpypd^os, KOI
tf/covcre kpvcrwvos rov ^ri\7ra)vo<;, &>9 'AXefaz>S/9O9 eV
Bt,aBo%ais, elra 'Avagdp^ov, %vvafco\ov6wv Travra^ov, &>? 5
/cat rot? Tvfjivocro(f)(,o-Ta2s ev Ivbia o-vfJbjjLL^ai /cal rot?



34 Sextus Empiricus I 53 o irpo^TT]^ rwv Tlvppwvos Timon
\6<ya)v Ti/jicov. Diogenes Laertius IX 110 f. Troirj/jLara
(o TtyLtft)z/) avveypafa, KOL 7rr], ical TpcvywSias, KOI crarv- 10
/DOW9, /cal Spdfjbara K(t)/j,iKa rpidfcovTa, rpcvyi/ca Be e^rf/covTa,
crtXXoi;9 re /cal Kivaiov<$. fyeperai Be avrov /cal /cara-
\oydSr)v /3t/3Xt'a, et9 ejrwv relvovra /juvpidSas Bvo, . . .
T&V Se crtXXa)!/ rpia ecrrLv ev 0^9, &>9 av cr/ceTTTi/cbs
wv, Trdvras \oiSopel /cal cri\\alvei rou9 BoyjAan/covs, ev 15



35 Aristocles apud Eusebii praeparationem evangelicam
XIV 18. 24 auro9 /Aez> (Ilu^ft)^ o 'HXeto9) oz)Sev ev <ypa<pfj
fcara\e\oi7rev, 6 Be /juad^jT^ avrov Tifj,a)v (f)rjal Beiv rbv
jjbe\\ovTa evBaijjiovijo-eiv els rpia ravra fSkeireLV Trpwrov 20
fjbev, OTroia 7re(f)VKe rd TTpdy/jLara' Bevrepov Be, riva %pr)
TpoTrov rjfjLas Trpbs avrd Bia/ceio-Oai' re\evralov Be, rl
Trepieo'Tat, rot9 OVTC&S e^ovcri. ra /j,ev ovv Trpdy/jbard
<j)7j(Tiv avrov a7ro(f)aiveiv eir 'lo-iys dBid(f)opa /cal do-rddfjLrjra
/cal dveTrl/cpira Bid rovro /ju^re ra9 alo-drjae^ r)/jLO)v prjTe 25
ra9 Sofa9 d\7]6eveiv rj tyevBeo-Qai,. Bid TOVTO ovv firjBe



10 TEXTS FOR LECTURES ON GREEK PHILOSOPHY [35

TncTTeveiv avrais Beiv, aXX' dBodo-rov<; Kal aic\ivels KOI
aKpaBdvrovs elvai, Trepl ez>09 eKaarov \eyovras on ov
/xaXXoi/ eanv T) OVK eanv, TJ KOI ean Kal OVK ecrnv, T)
ovre eanv OI;T' OVK eanv. rot? fjuevrot,
5 ovTO) TrepieaeaOai TLJJLCOV (frrjo-lTrpwrov jjuev a^aaiav,
8' drapa^iav.

36 Diogenes Laertius IX 103 f. Trepl Be wv ol
Sia{3e{3ai,ovvTai, rw \6ya), (^dfjbevoi KareCkrifyOai, Trepl
TOVTCOV eTre^ofjiev co? d$r)\c0v, fjuova 8e ra Trddr) <yivci)(T/co/jLev.

10 TO yitez/ <yap on opwfjiev, o/jio'Xoyovpev, teal TO on, ToSe voovfjiev,
yivaxTKO/jiev TTW? Be 6pw/jiev, rj TTW? voov/juev, dyvoovfjuev.
Kal on ToSe \evicov fyalverai, Birjyrj/jLanfcws \e^ojjLev, ov
Biafte/3a(,ov/j,evoi, on Kal ovra)? can. Trepl Be TT}?
ovBev opi^co (fxDvijs Kal TWV OJJLO'KDV, Xe^yo/Ae^ &>? ov

*s Boyfjidrcov . . . ev a> ovv \eyofjiev fjbtjBev opl^eiv, ovB* avTO
TOVTO opi^ofjieda. Compare 76 dvaipovai Be ol o-KeTrnKol
Kal avrrjv rrjv ovBev fjid\\ov (frtovijv. 0)9 <ydp ov /JLO\\OV
eo~n Trpovoia r) OVK eo-nv, ovra) Kal TO ovBev
ov fjbd\\ov eanv rj OVK eo~n. . arjfjuaivet ovv r)

20 Kadd (frrjcri, Kal Tt/fttp ev TO> TlvOcovi, TO fjiTjBev 6pi



37 IX 105 f. o Ti/jLwv ev TW Tlvdcovl (frrjai, /JLTJ eK/3e(3rjKe-
vat, (rov TIvppa)vd) TTJV avvr^Oeiav. Kal ev TO?? lvBd\/Jboi<;
ovrco ~\,eyei,,

2 s aXXa TO (^aivofjuevov Trdvrr) aOevet ovirep av e\6r).
Kal ev TOt9 Trepl alcr6r)(rea)V $ir]<Ti, To /x-eXt on earl
ry\VKv, ov riOrj/M' TO B* on (f>aiverai, Oyu-oXo^w. Kal
Alveo-iBrj/Aos ev TW TTpcarq) rwv Tlvppcoveiajv \6jcov ovBev
(f)rjcnv opi^eiv rov Hvppcova Bo<yfj,anKa>s Bid rrjv dvn\oylav,

30 Tofc Be (frawofjLevois dKo\ov6elv. Compare 108 alpovfjuedd
n Kara rrjv crvvrfQeiav Kal (f>evyo/juev Kal vopoi,*; %pc*)fj,eOa.

38 IX 107 f. TeXo9 Be ol o-KeirnKOi $ao~i rrjv eTro^r^v,
77 o~Kias TpoTrov eTraKO\ov0el rj drapa^ia . . . nves
Be Kal rrjv dirdOeiav, aXXot Be TTJV TrpaorrjTa TeXo?

35 elfrelv (f)a(n rovs



41]



IV EPICUEUS 341-270 B.C.
FOUNDATION OF THE EPICUREAN SCHOOL : circa 300

39 Diogenes Laertius x 1 f. 'J^TTitcovpos Neo/eXeou? ical
Xaipea-rpdrrjs, 'AOrjvaios, rwv Sij/juwv Tapytjmos, yevovs rov
rwv <&i\ai$wv, 009 (ftrjcrt, M.rjrp6Ba)pos ev TW Trepl evyevelas.
rovrov (JXKTIV aXXot re teal 'H^a/cXetS^ ev rfj Sama)-
1/09 eTTirofJif), K\rjpov^r)a-dvra)v *A.0r)vala)v rrjv ^d^ov, e/cel 5

oKTcoKai&etceT'r) S' e\6elv et? 'A^z/a?, &evo-
ev 'A.Ka$rj/jiia, 'Apia-Torehovs. 8' ev XaX/ct8fc
TeXevrrjcravTos &e *A.\ej;dv$pov rov Ma-
KOI TWV y A6r)vaiwv eKTrea'ovrwv VTTO HepBi/cKov
fjbere\9elv et? KoXo0coi/a irpos rov Trarepa. %p6vov Be I
TIVCU Siarptyavra avroOt real fjLaOrjrds dOpoicravra
7rave\0eiv els 'A^^a? eirl ' Ai/af iicpdrovs KOI
fjuev TWOS /car* eTrifJbi^lav rot? aXXot? fyCKoaofyelv,
ISia 7T&)9 rrjv air avrov K\r)0ei(7av atpeo-w

40 Athenaeus XIII 588 A Kal Trpwrbv ye

rov <j){,\a\rjOea-Tdrov 'J^TUfcovpov ocrrt? ey/cv/cXiov
d/jLVTjros cov e/jLatcdpi^e Kal rovs ofjuoio)? avra) eVl
(7o<f)iav 7rapep%o/j,evov$, roiavras <f)Q)vd<; irpoiefjievos
Kapi^a) ae, co ovros, on Kadapos Trdo-rjs atria? errl
(f>i,\ocro<f>iav wpyLt^cra?." oOev avrov Kal o TLJACOV (frycrl 20

ypa/jL/jLo8iSacTKa\iBrjv dvaycoyorarov %a)6vra)v.
Compare Epicurus apud Diogenem Laertium x 6 rcai&elav
Se Traaav, jJiaKdpie, (frevye raKanov apd/Aevos.

41 Diogenes Laertius x 81 Kal avrov 'J&TTLKovpov (<j>r)crlv

6 TijjboKpdrrjs) ev rals emcrrdKals Trepl Navo-i(f)dvovs \eyew 25
"Tavra tfyayev avrov els eKcrracrw roiavrrjv, w<rre JJLOI,
\oiSopela-6ai,, Kal diroKa\elv 8t8acr/caXoi/." HXev/juovd re

11



12 TEXTS FOR LECTURES ON GREEK PHILOSOPHY [41

avrov 6Ka\,i, Kal dy pd/jb/juarov, Kal drrarewva, /cal
Tropvrjv TOU9 re 7T6pl TLXdrwva Aiovvo-o/coXa/cas,
/cal avrov Tl\dra)va ^pvcrovv, Kal ' Api(rrore\r)v dcrw-
TOV, <bv> Kara<f)ay6vra rrjv Trarpwav ovaiav arparev-
secrOat, Kal fyapfjbaKOTrwXelv (j)opfjLO(f)6pov re Tlpcorayopav
Kal ypacj)ea Ay/jLOKpirov Kal ev Ktopais ypd/jb/juara
SiSdcTKew e t{pdK\eir6v re KVKrjrrfv Kal Aij/jLOKpirov
ArjpoKpirov Kal *Avri$o)pov ^avvi&wpov rou? re
Kfi//cot>? e%6pov<; rijs 'EXXaSo?* Kal
7ro\v(f)@opovs' Hvppwva Se d/jbaOrj Kal a

Se ovroi. rc5 yap dv$pl fjidprvpes iKavol
dvu7T6p^\rjrov vrpo? Trdvras evyvay/juoavvr]^ rj re
\Kal^ elKocri rifjirjaacra, oi re (fruXoi roaov-
rot, TO 7T\rj6os &)? /JL7)8* av rrokecnv oXat? fierpeiaOai
15 BvvaaOai, 01 re yvwpi^ot rrdvres rat? ^oy^ariKal^ avrov
TpocrKaracr%6evrS, rr\r]V M.r)rpo$cit)pov rov %rpa-
Trpos Kapved&rjv dTroxcoprjaavros, rd%a ffapvv-
rat? dvvrrepft\r)roi<$ avrov ^prjarorrjo-iv 77 re
, rracrwv a^e^ov eK\i7rovcrwv r&v aX\a)v, e? del
20 Sia/JLevovaa Kal vyplOfjiovs a^a? aTroXvovcra
e'f aXX?;? rwv yvtopijjiwv. 7} re 77/509 rou?
ev^apLo-ria, Kal rj 77/309 rot'9 aSeX^ot'9 evrroda, rrpos re
TOV9 oiKeras rj/jbeporrjs, 009 Sij\ov KCLK rwv
avrov Kal on, avrol crvve$i\o<To<j)ovv avrco, o)V rjv
25 raro9 o Trpoeiprj/jbevos M{;9* Ka6o\ov re rj 77/309

avrov ^>i\av6 pwrria. 7-779 fiev ydp 77/909 Oeovs 00-^0x77x09
Kal 77/309 rrarpl&a <f>i\ia<; aXe/cTO9 77 $id6eo-i<$. vrrep-
/3o\fj yap emeiKeias ov&e rro\ireias tftyaro. Kal
%a\e7ra)rdra)v Se Kaipwv Karao-^ovrcw rrjvtKaoe rrjv
30 r E\Xao\z avroOt Karafiicovai, 8t9 77 rpls rou9 rrepl rrjv
iav TO77Of9 77/309 TOi'9 <pi\ov<z SiaSpafjiovra' 61 Kal
77/309 avrov dfyiKvovvro, Kal avveftlovv avra)
ev rw KiJTrq), Ka0d (frrjcri, Kal A77oXXo8&>/3O9 t ov Kal oyborj-
Kovra fivwv rrpiaaOaL.

35 42 X 1 1 'ETTLKOVpOV ((j)7)(rlv 6 &t,OK\rj$) fJLT) dglOVV 6t9 TO

KOIVOV KararlOeaOai ras ovcrias, KaOdrrep rov TlvBayopav


1 3 4 5 6

Online LibraryJames AdamTexts to illustrate a course of elementary lectures on Greek philosophy after Aristotle → online text (page 1 of 6)