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Compare Zeno fragments 53, 96, and Cleanthes fragment
35 13 Pearson.

The world 134 Aetius I 6. 2 p. 293 Diels /ca\os Se o /coV/w

$7j\ov Se e/c TOV tr%qftaTO? /cal TOV xpto/jbaTo? ical TOV
ULeye6ov<$ Kal r^9 irepl TOV Koo-fiov TWV do-Tepcov



137] THE STOICS 37

135 Arius Didymus apud Eusebii praeparationem evan-
fjelicam XV 15. 14 o\ov Be TOV KOO-/JLOV avv rot? eavrov
/jLp6(7L TTpoaayopevovo-L Oeov TOVTOv e eva fjiovov elvai (fraon,
teal Treirepacr/jLevov /cal %>ov KOI dt'Biov real deov ev yap TOVTM
TrdvTa Tcepie-^ea-Oai ra a^fjbara, /cevbv Be prjBev VTrdp^eiv 5
ev avTO) . . . Sib Kara /JLev TTJV Trporepav aTroBocriv d'l'Biov
TOV KOCTJJLOV elvdl (f)a<7i, tcara Be TYJV SiaKoo~fjir)<n,i> ryevvrjTov
/cal fjLera^\7]Tov Kara TrepioSov? aTreipovs yeyovvias re teal
ecro/jbevas. /cal TO fj^ev /c TT}? Tracrrj^ ovGias TTOLOV KOdfjuov
dtbiov elvai /cal 6eov ^ejeorOai, Be /coo-fjiov o-vo-Trjjjua ef I0
ovpavov /cal depos /cal 77)9 /cal OdKaTrr]^ Kal rwv ev avrols
(frvcrecov \e<yecrdai Be /coo-fjiov /cal TO ol/c'rjTrjpiov Oewv /cal
dv0p(t)7ra)v /cal TMV eve/ca TOVTCOV ryevofjLevcov. ov yap

TpOTTOV TToXt? Aey67YU 8fc^C09, TO T6 OL/CTJTIJplOV Kal TO /C

TWV evoi/covvTcov (7vv rot? TroXtrat? crvcrT'rjjjLa t OVTO) /cal o 15

OLOVel 7TO\i9 IcTTlv K Oe&V Kal dv6p(t)7Ta)V (TVV-

, TCOV fjiev 6ewv TTJV rjye^oviav e%ovTO)v, TWV Be
dv0po)7rcov vTroTeTay/juevayv. /coivcovlav 8' VTrdp^eiv
d\\t]\ou$, Bia TO \6yov (jbeTe^eiv, 09 ecrrt (frvcrei
Ta B' aXXa irdvTa yeyovevai, TOVTCDV eve/ca. ot9 drco\ov0a)<; 20
vo/jbicrTeov Trpovoetv TWV dvBpcoTrcov TOV TCL o\a Bioi/covvTa
Oeov, evepyeTL/cbv ovTa /cal ^prjcrTov /cal <pt,\dv6pa)7rov,
Bi/cawv re /cal Tcdaa^ e^ovTa ra9 dpeTas. Bib Brj /cal
Zei>9 \eyeTai 6 Koa^o^, eTretBrj TOV &V atrt09 rjfuv ICTTL.
Compare Cicero natura deorum II 3039 and Seneca 25
quaestiones naturales prologus 1 3 quid est deus ? quod vides
totum et quod non vides totum. sic demum magnitudo sua
illi redditur, qua nihil maius excogltari potest, si solus est
omnia, opus suum et extra et intra tenet.

136 Stobaeus edogae I 58 p. 34 Wachsmuth Aioyevrjs The world-soul
/cal KXedvOrjs /cal OlvoTruBrjs (TOV Oeov) TTJV TOV KOCT/JLOV

^Xn v - Seneca quaestiones naturales n 45 eundem, quern
nos, lovem intellegunt, rectorem custodemque universi,
animum ac spiritum mundi, operis huius dominum et
artificem, cui nomen omne convenit. 3 s

137 Chrysippus apud Plutarchum de Stoicorum repug- Evil
nantiis 1051 B /ca/ciav Be /ca06\ov dpai, ovTe BvvaTov

OVT e%ei, ^aXo>9 dpOfjvai.



38 TEXTS FOR LECTURES ON GREEK PHILOSOPHY [138



138 Chrysippus ibid. 1050 F 97 8e /ca/cia Trpos rd
avi^Trray/jLara tSlOV Tiva e^et \6yov. yiverai fjiev yap teal
avrrj TTWS Kara TOV TT}? (frv&ecos \oyov, Kdi, LV oi/rco?
i7ra), OVK d^prjcrTa)? yiverai Trpo? ra o\a~ ov&e yap av
rdyadov rjv. Chrysippus apud Plutarchum de communibus
notitiis 1065 D cbcrTrep yap al KWfJLw^icn, eTnypd/jL/jiaTa
(fcepovcriv, a tcaO* avra [lev ecm (>av\a, TO) Se
dpiv TIVCL TrpoaTid^cnv, ovrw tyel;6ia<> av
avrrjv e<^>' eavrrjs TTJV /caKiav rot? S' oXot? ov/c



Fate 139 Diogenes Laertius vn 149 Kaff ei/Aap/jLevrjv Be

(fraa-i, ra nrdvra yiveaQai, XyoucrtTTTro? ev rot? ire pi elfjLap/Jiev'rjs
/cal Ttrjvwv . . . can 8' el/juap/jbevrj alrua TWV ovrwv
ipofjLvrj rj \6yos Ka6* ov o KoafJios SiJ;dy6Tai. Aulus
is Gellius vn 2. 3 f . in libro enim Trepl irpovoLas quarto
elfjiapiJLevrjv esse dicit (Chrysippus) (frvcriKrjv TLVCL avwrafyv
rwv 6\c0v e diBlov TWV erepwv rot? ere^ot? liraKoKovOovv-
T(0v Kal fjberaTroKkviJuevwv [yu-era TTO\V fjuev ovv vulgo] . . .
aTrapaffdrov ovaij^ TT)$ ToiavTys eVtTrXo^?.

Necessity and 140 Cicero de fato 41 Chrysippus autem cum et necessi-

freewiii tatem improbaret, et nihil vellet sine praepositis causis

e venire, causarum genera distinguit, ut et necessitatem

effugiat, et retineat fatum. causarum enim, inquit, aliae sunt

perfectae et principales : aliae adiuvantes et proximae. quam

25 ob rem cum dicimus omnia fato fieri aritecedentibus causis,

non hoc intellegi volunius, causis perfectis et principalibus,

sed causis adiuvantibus et proximis. ibid. 43 ut igitur,

inquit, qui protrusit cylindrum, dedit ei principium motionis,

volubilitatem autem non dedit : sic visum obiectum imprimet

3 o illud quidem et quasi signabit in animo suam speciem, sed

assensio nostra erit in potestate : eaque, quemadmodum in

cylindro dictum est, extrinsecus pulsa, quod reliquum est,

suapte vi et natura movebitur. Chrysippus apud Eusebii

praeparationem evangelicam iv 3. 1 fjbrj ydp av ra? rwv

35 /jidvTecov TTpopprfo-eis oXrjOels elval (frrjcriv (6 XpvariTTTros),

el fir) Trdvra VTTO rrjs el/Jiap/jbevrjs TrepiefyovTO.

141 Cleanthes apud Epicteti enchiridion 5 2 fragment 9 1
Pearson



145] THE STOICS 39



dyov (77701) Crouch) Be JJL, <w ZeO, /cal av y 77
OTTOI 7T00' vfjulv elfjiL Biarerayjjbevos,
&>9 etyofjial 7' aoicvos- TJV Be fir) 6e\co
Kaicos yevo/jievos, ovBev rjrrov e^opai.

142 Cicero natura deorum 164 nee vero universo generi Providence
hominum solum, sed etiam singulis a dis immortalibus
consul! et provider! solet. ibid. 167 magna di curant, parva
neglegunt. Marcus Aurelius VI 44 el pev ovv eftovKevcravro

7Tpl e/jiov teal rwv e/jiol o-v/jL/3r)vcu bfyeikovrwv oi deoi,
ej3ov\6V(ravTO' a(3ov\ov jap 6eov ov$e

KaK,oiroir\(Tai Se //,e Bia rlva alrlav e/JL6\\ov opfjuav ; rl
yap avrols, rj ro> KOIVU>, ov fjbd\iara irpovoovvrai, IK
TOVTOV Trepieyevero ; el Se fjur] e/BovXeixravro Kar ISiav
Trepl ejjbov, Trepi ye TWV KQIVWV nrdvTWS e/3ov\evo-avTo, 0*9
KCLT eTra/coXovOqaiv /cal ravra <rv/jL/3alvovTa ao-Trd^ecrOai 15
/cal o-repyeiv 6<f>ei\a).

143 Seneca epistulae 65. 24 quera in hoc niundo locum The macro-
deus obtinet, hunc in homine animus, quod est illic materia, m^ocos^i th
id in nobis corpus est. Cicero natura deorum II 37 ipse

autem homo ortus est ad mundum contemplandurn et 20
imitandum, nullo modo perfectus, sed est quaedam particula
perfect!. See Stein Psychologie der Stoa I pp. 205214.

144 Plutarch de virtute morali 4 5 1 B /ca06\ov Be rwv Soul
OVTOOV avrol re fyacn /cal BrjKov eo-riv on ra fiev e^ei
BuoiKelrai, ra Be <f>vcrei, ra Be d\o<yw tyw%f), ra Be /cal 25
\o<yov e^ovo-rj ical Bidvoiav &v OJJLOV n irdvrwv o
av0pa)7ros /jLerecr^ij/ce /cal yeyovev ev irao-ais rat? elprj-
fjbevais Biacj)opal$' /cal yap e%ei a-vve^erai, KOI (j)V(7ec
rpefarai /cal \6yqy %prjrai, /cal BiavoLa. Sextus Empiricus

IX 81 TWV fjVcpjpetHOV aw^arwv ra pev VTTO ^tX^j? f 60)930
avve%erai,, ra Be VTTO <f)V aeo)^, ra Be VTTO tyw%f)s, /cal
efea)? fiev a>9 \lOoi /cal %v\a, (frvcrews Be KaOdirep ra
(f)vrd, -^^7)9 Be ra q>a. Compare Zeno fragment 43
Pearson.

145 Chrysippus apud JSTemesium de natura hominis 3 4 The soul of
Xpuo-t7T7T09 Be (frijcrw on 6 Odvaros eari

drro <7&)yitaT09* ov&ev Be dacD/jLarov drro era) par os

ovBe yap etydirrerai crwfjiaros do-wparov -f] Be ^v^rj /cal



40 TEXTS FOR LECTURES ON GREEK PHILOSOPHY [145

efydrrrerai /cat %c0pl%erai rov Gutparos' awfjua dpa TJ
Compare Clean thes fragment 36 Pearson.

146 Chrysippus apud Galenum v p. 287 Kilhn 1}
Trvevfid ear i, av^vrov rjfjuiv awe^es rravrl rq> aw pan
5 Birj/cov ear av 97 rfjs &)% av^/Jberpia Trapfj ev rc5 crca/juan,.
Compare Diogenes Laertius vn 157 Zijvcov 8' o Kirievs
/cal AvTiTTarpos . . KOI HoaeiBtovios rrvevfjia evOep/jiov
elvai rrjv ^V^TJV- rovrw yap rj/jids elvai efjurvoovs /cal



VTTO TOVTOV

10 147 Aetius IV 4. 4 p. 390 Diels ol ^rcoL/col eg 6/crco
<f>ao-i, o-vveaTavai (rrjv tyv%rjv), irevre /JLCV rwv
, opariKov, dfcovarncov, oafypavriKov,

CLITTLKOl), KTOV 8k (frcOVrjTLKOV, JBOfJiOV $6

ojSoov Se avrov rov r^ye^oviKov, d(j) ov ravra Trdvra
5 eTTirerarai Sia rwv ol/ceicov opydvwv TT poo-fa pw? rat? rov



148 Diogenes Laertius VII 159 TI^^OVIKOV 8' elvai TO

KVpiwrarov T% ^u^9, ev w at ^avracriai /cal al op/jial

yivovrai, /cal o6ev o \6yos dvaTrefiTrerai,' OTrep elvai ev /capoia.

20 Compare Zeno fragments 9 3 and 135 Pearson.

Relation of the 149 Marcus Aurelius II 4 Bel &e rjSr) Trore aicr9ecr6ai,

human to the / / / ? \ / ^ \ /

world-soul ^^^09 Kocrfiov pepos ei, Kai nvos oioitcovvros rov KOO-JJLOV

aTTOppoia vTrecrrr)?. V 27 (rvffiv 6eol<$ % crv^rj oe 6eoi<? 6
avve^a)^ Sei/cvvs avrols rrjv eavrov tyvjfyv dpeo-Ko/JLevr/v
2 5 jjiev rot9 dTTOvefJbOfjbevoi^, Troiovaav Be ocra (3ov\erai o
, ov e/cdara) Trpoardrifjv /cal rjyefjiova 6 Zeu9 eow/cev,
eavrov. ouro9 Be eariv o eicdarov vovs /cal
^0709. Epictetus dissertationes I 14. 5 f. d\\a ra (f>vrd pev
/cal rd rj/juerepa o-ca/JLara ovrws ev&eBerai rols 0X0^9 /cal
30 a-vjjLTrerrovOev at ^v^al 8' al ^fjierepau ov TroXu 7r\eov ;
al tyv%al [lev ovro)? elalv evSeBejaevai, /cal avv-
rc3 Oeqy, are avrov /jiopia ovra /cal drrocnrdo-fjiara.
The soul after 15Q Diogenes Laertius vn 157 K\edv6i]s fiev ovv

death , , ^ , /\i\\/ > /

Trao-as eTrubia^eveiv (ra9 xfru^a9) l^e^pi, r^ e/CTrvpcoorecos,

35 Xpvcnrrrros Be ra9 rcov aocfrcov JJLOVOV.
The iKv&pwffis 151 Stobaeus eclogae I 17 p. 153 Wachsmuth R

and Tra\ty- c^vr/ /i >i^ />/ v

6 vrco 7Tft)9 (prjcTiv eK(p\oyi(Tvevro^ rov rcavros
TO fAeaov avrov Trpwrov, eira rd e^o/xeva d



154] THE STOICS 41



oY o\ov. TOV 8e TravTos e%wypav6evTOS TO ea^arov TOV
Trvpos, avTiTVirrjcravTos avTw rov yu/ecrou, TpeTrecrOai TcaKiv
els TOvvavTiov, eW OVTCO Tpemroimevov ava) (frrjo-lv av^eaOat,
/cat ap^eaOat SnaKoa-pelv TO o\ov /cal TOiavTrjv ireploSov
alel real oia/coo-jjirjo-iv Troiovfjievov TOV ev TTJ TWV 6\cov 5
ovaia TOVOV pr) TraveaOai. wdirep jap evos TWOS Ta
iravTO, (frveTai, etc aTrep/JidTcov ev Tol<$ KaO^KOvac
, OVTCO /cal TOV o\ov Ta fieprj, wv /cal Ta fcSa /cal
Ta (f)VTa ovTa Tvy^dvei, ev rot? /caOrj/covai %povots <>veTai.
teal wcTTrep Tives \6yoi, TCOV fjiepwv et9 o-Trep/JLa (rvviovTes J0

ical avOis Sia/cplvovTat, jevo/jievcov TWV /jbepwv,
ef evos re Tcavra jiveaOaL /cal e/c TravTcov [et?] ev
L, oSw /cal <rv/jL<f)a)va)s Siefyoixrrjs Trjs TrepioSov.
See Pearson Fragments of Zeno and Cleanthes pp. 2 5 2 ff.

152 Nemesius de natura hominis 147 f. ol oe STOH/CO/ The restoration

> /i / \ A / > v > \ of all things

(pao-iv aTro/cauicrTafJLevovs rof9 TrXa^ra? et? TO avTo

crrjfielov Kara re /JLTJICOS /cal TrXaro?, evOa TTJV
rjv, ore TO TrpwTOv 6 KO(T/JLO<; avvecrTr), ev
Trepiooois e/CTrvpwcrtv /cal (frQopav TWV OVTCOV
crdai /cal iraXiv ef VTrapxf)? els TO avTo TOV /coa/jiov 20
io'TacrOai . . . e&ecrOai, yap irakiv ^co/cpaTTjv /cal
/cal e/ca&TOV TWV dvOpcoTrcov (rvv TOLS avTols
/cal ^>/Xot9 /cal 7roA//rat9 Kal TO, avTa Treio-eo-Qat, /cal
Tot9 avTOcs avvTev^eadai, teal Ta avTa fjueTa^eipieicrOat,
Kal Trdcrav TTO\IV /cal /coo/Jirjv /cal d<ypov 6jJLOioy<; aTro/cad- 25
LcTTacrQai. yiyveo-Qai Be Trjv aTroKaTao-Taaiv TOV Tra
a\~ka 7ro\\d/cts, paXkov Se els aireipov



Ethics

153 Cicero pro Murena 65 isti ipsi mihi videntur vestri Moral idealism
(Stoicorum) praeceptores et virtutis magistri fines officiorum co^ e e s r s io n s y to
paulo longius auam natura vellet protulisse ; ut, cum ad common sense
ultimum animo contendissemus, ibi tamen, ubi oporteret,
consisteremus.

154 Stobaeus eclogae II 138 p. 77 Wachsmuth TeXo9 Be Eudaemonism
(f)a(7tv elvat, TO evSaifjioveiv, ov evetca TrdvTa TTpaTTCTai, 35



42 TEXTS FOR LECTURES ON GREEK PHILOSOPHY [l54
avTo Be TrpaTTeTCLi fjiev, ovBevos Be eve/ca . . . rr)v Be



evBaifjuoviav 6 Zttjvcov oDpiaaro TOV TpOTrov TOVTOV evBai-
fjuovia S' early evpoia ftlov.

Harmony with 155 ibid. 134 p. 75 Wachsmuth TO Be reXo? 6 fiev
TA-TJVWV OVTCOS aTreBcofce TO 6/jLo\o<yovjjieva)s ^ijv TOVTO
o ecrrl KCL& eva \oyov Kal av/jiffxiyvov &V, &>? rwv
d)VTcov KaKo^aifjuovovvrwv. ol Be pera TOVTOV



TO



(j)i>(7i %f)v, VTroKaftovres e\a,TTOv elvai
10 VTTO rov TA^VWVO^ pydev. K.\edv0r}<; <yap TT^WTO? Si,a-
Se^djjbevos avTov TTJV aipeaiv Trpoa-eOrjKe Trj fyvcrei KOI
o#Tft>9 aTreBco/ce, TeXo? ecrTt TO ofio\oyovfjbevw^ Trj
(fry a e i ^rjv. Contrast Diogenes Laertius vii 87 TT^COTO? o

TirjVWV V Tto 7T6pl dvOpCOTTOV 0^CT6&)9 T\O9 6776 TO OfJLO-

15 \oyovjj,ev(0s TTJ (f>v(7i, tfiv, and Cicero de finibus iv 14 hunc
ipsum Zenonis aiunt esse finem, declarantem illud, quod
a te dictum est, convenienter naturae vivere.

Interpretation 156 Diogenes LaertlUS VII 89 <j)i>criv Be X^uo-tTTTTO? /JLCV

ej;aKOvei, fj dKo\ov0a)s Bel ^ijv, TTJV Te KOivr]v Kal ISlo)?
20 Trjv dv6po)7rivrjv 6 Be KXeaz/^9 TTJV /coivrjv /Jbovrjv e/cBe-
fyvaiv, y d/co\ov0eiv Bel, oviceTi Be /cal TTJV eTrl
. Stobaeus eclogae II 134 p. 76 Wachsmuth oirep
(TO 6{jLO\o f yov/jLevci)$ TTJ fyvGei ^v) o ^pvo'i'mros aa(f)e-
crTepov flov\6/j,evo<; Troirjcrai e^rjvey/ce TOV Tpoirov TOVTOV,
25 %r)v icaT ejJLTreiplav T&V fyvcrei crvfifBaivovTcov.
The Tr/owra 157 Cicero de finibus HI 1 6 f. placet his, inquit, quorum

a <j>foiv ratio mihi probatur, simul atque natum sit animal hinc
enim est ordiendum , ipsum sibi conciliari et commendari
ad se conservandum et ad suum statum eaque, quae con-
3 o servantia sunt eius status, diligenda, alienari autem ab
interitu eisque rebus, quae interitum videantur adferre. id
ita esse sic probant, quod ante, quam voluptas aut dolor
attigerit, salutaria appetant parvi aspernenturque contraria,
quod non fieret, nisi statum suum diligerent, interitum tirne-
35 rent, fieri autem non posset, ut appeterent aliquid, nisi
sensum haberent sui eoque se diligerent : ex quo intellegi
debet principium ductum esse a se diligendo. in principiis
autem naturalibus plerique Stoici non putant voluptatem



159] THE STOICS 43

esse ponendam : quibus ego veheiuenter assentior, ne, si
voluptatem natura posuisse in eis rebus videatur, quae
primae appetuntur, multa turpia sequantur. satis esse
autem argumenti videtur, quam ob rem ilia, quae prima
sunt ascita natura, diligamus, quod est nemo quin, cum 5
utrumvis liceat, aptas malit et integras omnes partes corporis
quam, eodem usu, imminutas aut detortas habere. See
Madvig's edition of the de finibus pp. 815825.

158 ibid. 2 f. initiis igitur ita constitutes, ut ea, quae Virtue the
secundum naturam sunt, ipsa propter se sumenda sint, con- u
trariaqueitemreicienda,primum est officium id enim appello
KaOrjKov , ut se conservet in naturae statu, deinceps ut ea
teneat, quae secundum naturam sint, pellatque contraria ;

qua inventa selectione et item reiectione sequitur deinceps
cum officio selectio, deinde ea perpetua, turn ad extremum 15
constans consentaneaque naturae, in qua primum inesse
incipit et intellegi, quid sit quod vere bonum possit dici.
prima est enim oonciliatio hominis ad ea, quae sunt secundum
naturam ; simul autem cepit intellegentiam vel notionem
potius, quam appellant evvoiav illi, viditque rerum agen- 20
darum ordinem et, ut ita dicam, concordiam, multo earn
pluris aestimavit quam omnia ilia, quae prirna dilexerat,
atque ita cognitione et ratione collegit, ut statueret in eo
collocatum summum illud hominis per se laudandum et
expetendum bonum ; quod cum positum sit in eo, quod O/AO- 2 s
\oyiav Stoici, nos appellemus convenientiam, si placet,
cum igitur in eo sit id bonum, quo omnia referenda sunt,
honeste facta ipsumque honestum, quod solum in bonis
ducitur, quamquam post oritur, tamen id solum vi sua et
dignitate expetendum est, eorum autem, quae sunt prima 30
naturae, propter se nihil est expetendum.

159 Diogenes Laertius VJI 89 TTJV T dperrjv Siddecriv Virtue
elvai 6^o\oyov/JLevr}v /cal avrrjv Si avrrjv elvai aiperrfv,

ov Sid nva <f)6ftov rj e\7rl$a ij TI rwv e%[email protected] ev avrfj
r' elvat, rrjv ev&aifjLOviav, ar ova-y tyv%f] TreTroirj/Aevy 35
TTpo? rrjv 6fjuo\ojLav iravros rov {3iov. ibid. 127 avrapKrj
r elvai avrrjv (rrjv dperrjv) TT/OO? evSaifjiovtav, /caOd (j)r)(n,
real



44 TEXTS FOR LECTURES ON GREEK PHILOSOPHY [160
Primary and 160 Stobaeus edogae II 104 f. p. 60 Wachsmuth TCOV 6

secondary , v v ,, , v ~ v

virtues and apeTMV TO,? pev eivai, TrpaiTas, ras oe Tai

vices vTTOTeTayfjievas. Trpwra^ Be Terrapas elvai,

o-axfrpoo-vvrjv, dvBpeiav, Bi/caioa-vvrjv . . . TWV Be viroreray-
5 fjuevwv rat? aperais ravrcus ra? pev rfj (frpovijaei VTTOTe-
rd^Oac, ra? e rrj craxfrpocrvvr}, ras Be rfj avbpeiq, ra?
8e rfj Sifccuoavvrj. rfj /juev ovv fypovrjorei VTrordrrecrBai,
ev/3ov\iav, ev\o>yi(TTLav, d^^Lvoiav, vovve r )(eiav, < eucrro-
rfj e crwfypoo-vvr) evra^iav, Kocr^Ltorrfra,
, ey/cpdreiav TTJ $e dvbpela /caprepiav, 0ap-
pa\e6rr)Ta, fjue^aKo-^rv^Lav, ev-fyv^iav, (f)i\OTroviav rfj Be
evo-e/Beiav, ^prjo-rorijra, evKoivwvTjcriav, evorvv-



161 Diogenes Laertius VII 93 ava \6yov Be /cal
15 tca/ciwv ra? jjiev elvai Trpcora^, ra? S' VTTO Tavra$' olov
d(f)poo-vvr)v fjuev /cal Sei\iav /cal dSitciav /cal d/co\ao-[ap ev
rat? Trpcorat?, aKpacriav Be fcal ffpaBvvoiav /cal /ca/co-
fBov\iav ev rat? VTTO Tavras.

The primary 162 Stobaeus edogae II 102 f. p. 59 Wachsmuth (frpovrj-

(j iv 8' elvai eTTicrTijfJbrjV wv Troirjreov /cal ov TTOLTjreov /cal
ovBerepcov, TJ eTrLcrrrjfjiTjv dyaOwv /cal /ca/cwv /cal ovBerepcov



elvau eTTio-TijfjL'rjv aiperwv /cal (frev/CT&v /cal ovBerepayv'
Bifcaioa-vvrjv Be eTrLO-rrj/JLTjv dTrove/jLijTLK^v TT}? a%ias

25 efcdaTW' dvBpeiav Be eTTLo-rrj/jurjv Beivwv /cal ov Beivwv
/cal ovBerepcov . . . ical rrjv fjuev (frpovrjaiv Trepl ra /cad-
ij/covra ^LveaOai' rr)v Be o-co^pocrvvrjv Trepl ra? op pas
TOV dvOpa)7rov rr)v Be dvBpeiav Trepl ra? VTro/jbovd<>' rrjv
Be BL/caiocrvv'rjv Trepl ra? anrove^crei^.

30 163 Cleanthes apud Plutarchum de Stoicorum repug-
nantiis 1034 D TrXrjyrj Trvpos 6 rovos earl, tcav i/cavbs
ev rfj tyv')(ri yevrjrai irpos TO eTTireXelv TO, 7Tt/5aX-
\ovra, la^vs Ka\elrau /cal Kpdros ... 97 8' la^ys avrij
/cal TO KpaTos OTav fjiev errl rot? fyavelaiv

35 eyyevrjTai,, ey/cpaTeid ecrTtv OTav B ev Tol?

reot?, dvBpela' Trepl ra? d%ia<$ Be, Bitcaiocrvvr]' Trepl
Be ra9 aleo-eis /cal



Unity of 164 Plutarch ibid. 1034 c f. opi^o/jievos (6 Znjvcov)

Virtue



168] THE STOICS 45



e/cdcrrTjv rrjv pev dvSpeiav (frrjo-l (f)povr]<7i,v elvai, ev evep-

77/reot?, rrjv Se SiKaioavvTjv (frpovrjo-iv ev

&>9 piav ovaav dpertfv, rals oe rrpos ra IT pay par a

Kara rds evepyeias Siacfrepeiv So/covaav. ibid. 1046 E f.

Ta<? dperds <pr)criv (6 X^wcrtTTTro?) dvra/co\ov6eiv aXX^- 5

Xat?, 01) fjiovov rc5 roy jjiiav e^ovra Tracra? e%eiv, d\\a

Kai rc5 roy Kara /juav QTIOVV 6Vp<yovvTa Kara Trdaas

evepyelv ovre yap avBpa ^al re\eiov elvai rov /JLTJ

TTttcra? %ovTa Ta? dperds ovre Trpafyv rekeiav r)Tt,<?

ov Kara Trdaas TTpdrrerac Ta? dperds.

165 Diogenes Laertius VII 127 rrjv dper^v X^uo-tTTTro? Permanence



10



ev anro- of Virtue



/3\r)Tr)v Sia fj,e6'rjv /cal fjbe\a i y^(o\iav , o 3' dvaTr 6
Sia fieftaiovs Kara\r)^lret,s.

166 Chry&ippus apud Plutarchum de Stoicorum repug- Equality of
nantiis 1038C fjujre Ka/ciav Kaicias rj dpapriav dpapTias

elvai fjur^re dperrjv dpeTrjs rj KaropOcoaiv /carop-
. Compare Cicero paradoxa 3 la-a ra d
teal ra Karopdcof^ara.

167 Diogenes Laertius VII 127 dpecr/cei, 8' avrois ^rjSev No middle

elvai, dperijs /cal ica/clas, rwv TiepiTrarijTiKcov ^
v dperf)? /cal /caidas elvai, \eyovra)v rrjv Trpo/coTrtfv. Vice
o>5 yap Selv $a<Jiv rj op9ov elvai %v\ov r) crrpe/3\6v,
OVTCOS r) Sifcaiov r) aSi/cov, ovre 3e Sifcaiorepov, ovre
dBiKtoTepov, /cal eTrl TMV a\\cov o/^otw?. Plutarch de 25
communibus notitiis 1063 A waTrep 6 Trrj^vv aTre^cov
ev OaXdrrrj rfjs eTricfraveias ovbev T}TTOV Trvlyerai, rov
opyvia? TrevraKoaia^, OVTCO? ovSe ol 7re\d-
apery rwv paicpav ovrcov rjrrov elaiv ev Kcuc'ia-
/cal KaOdrrep ol rv(f)\ol rv^tXoi elcn, /cav oXijov varepov 3
dva/3\e7reiv [JLeXktocriv, ovra)? ol rrpoKorrrovres, d^pi ov
rrjv dperrjv dva\d/3a)ai,v, dvorjroi /cal fJLO^drjpol Biafjuevovo-LV.
Compare Cicero de finibus ill 48.

168 Plutarch de profectu in mrtute 82 F TJ^LOV yap (6
Ztijvcov) ttTTo rwv ovelpwv e/cacrrov avrov avvaLcrOdveo-Oai 35
rrpoicorrrovros, el ^re ^So/jievov alo"xpa) nvi eavrov, fjujre
n TTpoo-ie^evov rj rrpdrrovra rwv Seivwv /cal d&i/cwv opa
/card TOV? VTTVOVS, aXX* o!oz> ev /3vO<p yahtjvrjs d/cXvcrrov



46 TEXTS FOR LECTURES ON GREEK PHILOSOPHY [l68



TO ^avraariKov /cal
TraOrjTitcov SiaKe^v^evov VTTO TOV Ao<y0f.

169 Seneca epistulae 75. 8 inter ipsos quoque proficientes
sunt magna discrimina : in tres classes, ut quibusdam placet,

5 dividuntur : primi sunt, qui sapientiam nondum habent, sed
iam in vicinia eius constiterunt. ibid. 13 secundum genus
est eorum, qui et maxima animi mala et adfectus depo-
suerunt, sed ita, ut non sit illis securitatis suae certa
possessio. possunt enim in eadem relabi. tertium illud

10 genus extra mala multa et magna est, sed non extra
omnia : effugit avaritiam, sed iram adhuc sentit. iam
non sollicitatur libidine, etiam nunc ambitione. iam non
concupiscit, sed adhuc timet. et in ipso inetu ad quaedam
satis firmus est, quibusdam cedit. mortem contemnit,

15 dolorem reformidat.

170 Stobaeus florilegium 103. 22 o o eV atcpov, (frrjalv

(() XpUCrtTTTTO?), TTpOKOTTTCOV aTTaVTd TTaVTO)? aTToBiSoHn, TO,

KaO^KovTa teal ovoev 7rapa\L7rei. TOV Be TOVTOV fflov
OVK elvai TTCO (f)7j(ri,v evSalfjiova, a)OC eTri^LyvecrOai avro)

20 TT\V evSai/jLOViav, OTCUV al jjueaai Trpd^eis avrat,

TO fte/Baiov /cal GICTIKOV, Kal l$lav TTTJ^LV TIVCL

Goods, Evils, 171 Zeno apud Stobaeum eclogae II 9 p. 5 7 Wachsmuth

ravr* elvai (f)7)(riv 6 Ztfvcov oaa ovala? fjbere^ei, rwv 8' OVTWV

TO, fjiev dya0d, TCL Se rca/cd, ra $e dbidfyopa. dyaOa pev

25 ra roiavra' (^povrjcnv, o-co^poavvrjv, Bt/caLoo-vvrjv, dvBpeiav
Kal irav o eanv dperrj TJ ^ere^ov dperij^' Kaica Be rd
roiavra' dtypoo-vvrjv, dfcoXacrlav, d&iKiav, Sei'X.iav, Kal irav
o ecm, KaKia TI fiere^ov KaKia^' dSid<f)opa Se rd roiavra"
a)r)v OdvaTov, S6av dBoj;iav, TTOVOV rjSovtfv, TT\OVTOV

30 Treviav, v<yleiav voaov Kal rd TouTOt? o/jboia. Compare
Gellius nodes Atticae xn 5. 7 neque aliud esse vere et
simpliciter bonum nisi honestum, aliud quicquam malum,
nisi quod turpe esset, existirnatum est. reliqua omnia, quae
in medio forent, ac neque honesta essent neque turpia, neque

35 bona esse neque mala decretum est.

172 Cicero academica I 3 6 cetera autem etsi nee bona nee
mala essent, tamen alia secundum naturam dicebat (Zeno),
alia naturae esse contraria. his ipsis alia interiecta et



174] THE STOICS 47

media numerabat. quae autem secundum naturam essent,
ea sumenda et quadam aestimatione dignanda docebat,
contraque contraria : neutra autem in mediis relinquebat, in
quibus ponebat nihil omnino esse momenti.

173 Stobaeus eclogae II 154 f. p. 84 Wachsmuth TCOV $
%OVTO>V ra fjiev e^eiv 7roXXr/y dlav, ra Be fB
Se KOI TCOV dnra^lav tyovTcov a /Jiev e%eiv
dtra^iav, a Se /3pa%eiav. ra fJiev <ovv> TroXX^
afiav 7rpor)<y/jLeva \eyecrdcn,, ra Se 7
d7ro7rporj<y/jueva, Tirjvwvos ravras ra? ovofjuaaia^ Oepivov 10
TTpairov rot? Trpajfjuacrt,. TTpOTjy/jbevov S' elvai \e<yovaiv o
dbidfyopov <bv> K\y6/jL0a Kara Trporiyov/jLevov \6yov.
rov S' ofjiowv \6yov eVl ro3 aTroTrpOTjjiJLeva) elvai KOI
ra TrapaBeijfjLara /card rr)v dva\oylav ravrd. ov&ev Se
TWV d^aOwv elvai Trporjy/jievov Sid TO rrjv fJue^LdT'rjv d^Lav 15
avrd e^eiv. TO Be TrporjyiJLevov, Trjv SevTepav %d)pai> /cal
of lav ex ov> wveyyi&W TTW? TT) TWV dyaOwv cfrvcrei,' ovSe
ydp eV av\fj TCOV Trporjy/jLevcov elvau TOV fta<ri\ea aXXa
TOW? yu-er' CLVTOV TeTaypevovs. Trporjy/jieva Se \eyeo-6ai ov
TO) Trpo? evSai/jioviav TIVCL crUya/SaXXecr^at avveptyelv re 20
7T/30? avTtjv, d\\d rc5 dvarytcalov elvai TOVTCOV TTJV eK^oyrjv
TTOielcrOai Trapd TO, dTroTrpoijj/meva. Compare Cicero de
finibus in 5054, especially 52 ut enim, inquit (Zeno), nemo
dicit in regia regem ipsum quasi productum esse ad
dignitatem id est enim Trporjy/jievov , sed eos, qui in 25
aliquo honore sunt, quorum ordo proxime accedit, ut secundus
sit, ad regium principatum, sic in vita non ea, quae primo
ordine sunt, sed ea, quae secundum locum obtinent, Trpoyy-
ueva, id est producta, nominentur; quae vel ita appellemus
id erit verbum e verbo vel promota et remota vel, ut dudum 30
diximus, praeposita vel praecipua, et ilia reiecta ; re enim
intellecta in verborum usu faciles esse debemus.

174 Diogenes Laertius vn 106 f. 77^0777/^6^0,
ovv eivai a /cal d^iav e%ei' olov evrl fiev TCOV
6V(f)Viav, Te^vrjv, TrpofcoTrrfv, Kal Ta opoia' eVl Se TCOV 35
o-cofjLaTifcwv, forfv, vyieiav, pwfjbrjv, eve^Lav, dpTioTrjTa,
AcaXXo?, Kal Ta 7rapa7T\^o-ia' eVl 8e TWV e'/cro?, TrXoO-
TOV, $6%av, evyeveiav, Kal Ta o/juoia.



48 TEXTS FOR LECTURES ON GREEK PHILOSOPHY [174

Be ercl aev rwv tyv%L/ca)V, afyvtav, dre^vLav, KOI ra
o/jiota' errl Be rwv aw^anicwv, Odvarov, voaov, dade-


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