James B. (James Brown) Johnston.

Place-names of Scotland online

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CRAIGMORE (Rothesay and Aberfoyle). G. creag mbr, ' big

CRAIGNEUK (Motherwell and Kirkcudbright). Eng. corrup-
tion of G. creag an eag, ' crag of the nook.'


CRAIGXISH (Lochgilphead). 1434, Cragginche ; 1609, Cregi-
n is. ' Rock of the meadow ; ' G. and Ir. innis.

CRAIGO (Montrose). Prob. G. rreay-abJi, ' rock by the
water.' Cf. Toe, old form of T&y^fabh.

CRAIGROTIIIE (Ctipar). Either ' red rock,' G. ruadli, or, more
likely, 'rock of the fort,' G. rath. Cf. ROTHIEMAY, &c.

CRAIGROWXIE (Dumbarton). Prob. ' rock of the little head-
land ; ' G. rudltan, dimin. of rudha (cf. Row), flight
be fr. Dan. run, rijnne-tm>, 8w. ri'mn, the rowan or

CRAIGROYSTOX (Ben Lomond). 'Rock of Roy's place,' fr.
Rob Roy. Of. Royston, Twynholm.

CRAIGS, The (Bonar Bridge, &c.).

CRAIGVAD (Aberfoyle). ( 1. creay mliadaidh, ' rock of the wolf
or wild dog.'

CRAIL (Fife), c. 1160, Carele ; a. 1300, Carail ; 1639, Car-
rail. G. carr a!ll<> = 'rock clitf.' For omission of the
first a, cf. CRAMOXD. The ' Carr Rocks' are just east
of Crail.

CRAILIXG (Roxburgh). <. 1147, Creling, Craaling ; 1606,
Craling. Doubtful, cf. CRAIL. Xo proof that it is =
t raver-liny, fr. G. treamJiar, a bare hillside, as in
TRAXEXT, but possibly so.

CRAMOXD (Edinburgh). 1 1 78, Caramonth ; 1 292, Cramunde ;
1293, Ivaramunde. "\V. ranrAmnnth, ' fort on R. ALMOND.'
For dropping of the first a, rf. CRAIL ; d and t are often
suffixed, as in DRUMMOXD, &c. Cf., too, Cramonery,
]\rinigaff, and Cramalt Craig = 'bowed or bent clitf' (G.
allt), which it exactly is, in Tweeddale.

CRAXSHAWS (Duns) and CRAXSTOUX (Midlothian). 1250,
Cranoschawes : c. 1 1 60, Craneston. ( ).E. cran, ' a crane ;'
on ftha/r, cf. Cobbinshaw. I Jut Ir. crann, a tree, is
common in Ir. names, Crancam, Cranlome, tV - c.

CRASK, The (Sutherland). G. crosy, a cross, crossing, pass.

CRATIIES (Kincardinesh.). a. 1600, Crathas. Prob. G. croif,

Ir. cniit, humpback, with English plural ; cf. next.

CRATHIE (Braemar). Peril. = CRATHES, or fr. G. creathach,


' brushwood.' Cratlie, Ireland, is Ir. emit sliabh, ' crook-
backed hill.'

CRAVIE (Banff). G. craobhach, ' woody,' fr. craobh, a tree.
Cf. Corncravie, Stoneykirk, Wigtown, and Corriecravie,

CRAWFORD (Lanark). ' John of Crauford ' was witness to a
Lesmahagow charter, c. 1150. Craw- may be O.E.
crdwe, a crow ; or possibly G. craobh (pron. crav), a tree ;
a similar combination is found in GLASSFORD.

CRAWFORDJOHN (Lanark). See above, c. 1300, Craw-
fordeione ; 1492, Crawfurcle Johne. The John (G. Ian)
was stepson of Baldwin, Sheriff of Lanark. This place-
name is almost unique.

CRAWICK (Sanquhar). Perh. = CRAVIE.

CRAY (Blairgowrie). This, too, may be fr. G. craobh, a tree.

CREAGORRY (Lochmaddy). Perh. G. crear/a yarradh, ' garth
or garden with the cluster of houses.'

CREE, K. (Kirkcudbright), and CREETOWX. 1363, Creth. G.
cricli, ' boundary ' between E. and "W. Galloway.

CREICH (N. Fife and Bonar Bridge). Fife C., 1250, Creyh.
BonarC., c. 1240, Crech; 1275, Creych. = CREE ; and
ff. Coil-a-creicb, Ballater. The name Creagh is common
in Ireland.

CRERAX, R. and L. (Argyle). G. crearculh abJiainn (or an),
'bending of the river,' fr. crear orcriathar, a hoop, sieve.

CREWE (Granton). ' Crew ' is common in Ireland, = Ir.
craebh, G. ' craobh, ' a large tree.' Cf. BUXCHREW.

CRI'ANLARICH (X. of L. Lomond). Seems to be G. crcachan
laraich, 'mountain path or pass,' though some say crian
means 'calves.'

CRICHTON (Midlothian). 1250, Krektim; 1337, Krethtown;
1367, Creigcliton (the Sc. pron. still sounds the ch as a
gutural). 'Border or boundary town ;' G. cricli. Cf.

CRIEFF. (A Pet-na-crefe is found in Strath Guay in 1457.)
G. rrubha, haunch, shoulder of a hill. Cf. Dumcrieff,


CRIFFEL (mountain, Kirkcudbright). 1330, Crefel. G.
<-rich, boundary, cf. CREE, + Icel. fell, hill, Dan. fj'.dd,
fjeld, a mountain, rock.

CRIMOXD (Buchan). a. 1300, Crechmond; c. 1550, Crich-
nioiind. G. cricli monadh, ' boundary hill.' Jfi/nadh
in 1550 is Anglicised.

CRIXAX (Argyle). Peril, fr. Crinan or Cronan, warlike lay
Abbot of Dunkeld in 10th century, whose sway may
have reached here. See Skene, Celtic ScotL, i. 392,

CROCKETFORD (Kirkcudbright). G. crocltaid, 'hanging,' fr.
i-focli, to hang. Cf. ' Crockatshot ' (or ' hanging-place,'
cf. Aldershot) in Renfrew in 1452, and Craigcrocket,

CUOE GLEX (Argyle). Ptolemy, >'. 120 A.D., mentions tribe
Croems, who prob. extended from Loch Linnhe to
Loch Can-on. G. cru, a circle, sheep-cot, hovel ; prob.
referring to the encircling hills.

CROFTIIEAU (Bathgate). O.E. croft, a field. Prof. Yeitch
says, in Sc. i-roft properly means ' enclosed, cropped
land. 3 Cf. Croft-an-righ, or ' king's field,' Holyrood.

CROICK (Eonar Bridge). G. crncu'li, a stack or 'stack-shaped

CROMAR (Aberdeen). 'The circle or enclosure of Mar. 3 See

CROMARTY. 1263, Crumltathyn; 1315, -bathy ; c. 1400,
-bawchty ; 1398, Cromardy ; c. 1565, -arte. Looks like
G. o-iini atlian, 'crooked little ford ' (but ? what ford). For
intrusion of 1>, cf. CAMEROX, old, Cambroun. Might be
fr. Old G. Initli, the sea, i.e., the Cromarty Frith, with
its sharply crooked entrance. Some explain the later
ending, -ardy or -arty, as dird-t'ach, 'height of the field.'

CKO.MBIE (Fife). Prob. G. crom(l} acltadlt, 'crooked, curved

CROMDALE (Craigellachie). G. cromdaif, ' crooked plain,' fr.
the sweep of the Spey here.

CROMLIX (Inverness).

CROXBERRY (Muirkirk). Prob. G^. cronay, a circle, a fort, fr.


G. cruinn, Ir. cruin, W. crwn, round, + O.K. lyrirj, t n
burgh ' or fortified place. Thus the word is a tatito-
logical hybrid like Barrhead. For -berry, cf. TURNBERRY
in same region.

CROOK (Biggar, Stirling, Kirkinner). Icel. krvkr, Sw. krok>
also G. crocan, ' a hook or crook.'

CROOK OF DEVOX (Kinross). The DEVON is a river. Of.
the G. CAMBUSDOOX, &c.

CROOKSTOX (Paisley and Stow). Paisley C., c. 1160,
Crocstoun ; 1262, Cruikston. Place given by Robert
de Croc to his daughter on marrying a Stewart, temp.
Malcolm III. Stow C. perh. similar in origin.

CROSBY (Ayr). ' Cross town.' Prob. Fr. eras, Fr. croix. ( hi
Dan. suffix -&?/, see p. Ixiii. Four in England.

CROSS (Lewis and Orkney). Cross in G. is crois, Fr. croij\
L. crux.

CROSSAIG (Kintyrc). As above, + X. ai<j, a bay.

CROSSAPOOL (Mull). 1542, Crosopollie. Pool here =pol or
lol X. for ' place ' (see on bolstafir, p. Ixiv). The r is
transposed in Corsapool, Islay.

CROSSBOST (Stornoway). Really same as CROSSAPOOL. Se-
bolstafir, p. Ixiv.

CROSSFORD (Lanark and Dunfermline), CROSSGATES (Ditn-
fermline), CROSSHILL (Glasgow and Maybole), CROSS-
(North Mavine), and CROSS ROADS (Cullen). Lanark
C., 1498, Corsefoord (cf. Corsapool). Most of these
names also occur in England, but not Crosskirk.
Crosslee, in Ireland, means 'grey cross;' and that near
Stow may be the same, fr. G. liath, grey, with tli lost
by quiescence.

CROSSMICHAEL (Castle-Douglas).

CROSSMYLOOF (Glasgow). The story runs, after the fatal
battle of Langside, 1568, when Queen Mary wished to-
fly to Dumbarton, and was warned she coiild not cross
the Clyde because of the enemy, she cried, 'By cross (i.e.,
crucifix) i' my loof (i.e., in my palm or hand) I will.'


Cf., too, the gipsy slang phrase, 'Cross my loof, and see
till your fortune.'

CROSSRAGUEL ABBEY (Maybole). a. 1200, Cosragmol.

CROWLIX ("W. Ross-sh.). G. craobh linne, 'pool with the
trees ; ' or fr. cro, a circle.

CROWXPOIXT (now in Glasgow). Country-house built there
by William Alexander, and called after the frontier fort
on Lake Champlain, just (1775) captured from the French.

CROY (Kilsyth and Fort George, also one near Gartness, on
map of 1745). Kilsyth C., sic 1369. Fort George C.,
sic 1473. Prob. G. crois, Ir. c.rocli, L. cms, a cross.
Cf. Knocknacrohy = ' Crossbill ; ' three in Ireland.

CRTIACHAN, 3]en (Argyle). G. dimin. of cruach, a stack, or
stack-shaped hill.

CRUACH LUSSA (Knapdale). G. 'hill of plants;' G. lu, lu*a.
Cf. Ardlussa, Jura.

CRUDEX (Aberdeen). a. 1300, Crowdan ; also Crudane.
Perh. G. craobh-dun, ' tree hill ' (cf. UUXCHREW). Tradi-
tion says = Ci'oju Dane, ' slaughter of the 1 )ane,' fr.
great battle here between Cnut and ^Malcolm III. All
such stories are very dubious.

CRUITHXEACHAX (Lochaber). 'Picts' places;' fr. G. Cntitlini'/,
or people who painted the forms (crotlia) of beasts,
fishes, &c., over their bodies. Hence the name Picti or
Picts; though Prof. Rhys now thinks Pid is a non-
Aryan word.

CUCIIULLIX HILLS, properly CUILLIXS (Skye). 1702, Quillins.
First form is a ' guide-book ' name only forty years old.
Coolin or CuiUin is = G. cu Glndainn, 'hound of ( lulann,'
hero in Ossian, 'noble son of Semo.' Xot likely to be
fr. G. cuilionn, 'holly;' but cf. Collin Hill, Galloway.

CUFF HILL (I)eith). 1 G. cuWiotj, 'the cuckoo.'

CUICH, R. (Kinross). G. cwac/i, drinking-cup, a 'quaich,' cf.

CUIL (Ballachulish). G. cniJ, a corner, 'retired nook.'


CULBEN (Banff), c. 1270, Coul-, Culbin. G. cul beinne,
'back of the hill.'

CULBOKIE (Dingwall). 1542, -oky. 'Back of the crook;'
G. bocan, or 'bow,' G. boyha.

CULCRIEFF (Crieff). 'At the back of the haunch.' See

CULDUTHIL (Inverness). ' At the back of the dark stream ; '
G. dhu thuil.

CULLEN (Banff), a. 1300, Culan ; 1454, Colane. Perh.
Celnius Fluvius of Ptolemy; G. cul abliainn or an, 'at
the back of the river.'

CULLICUDDEN (Cromarty). 1227, Culicuden ; 1535, Culli-
cuddin. Prob. G. cul na chudainn, 'the back of the
tub or large dish.' Xear by was a ' Drumnecudyne ' or
' Dromcudyn.' Of. DRUM.

CULLIPOOL (Oban). G. eld na ji(h)oll, ' the back of the

CULLIVOE (Shetland). Sagas, Kollavag. Prob. fr. a man,
' Colla's bay ;' Icel. viJr, a little inlet, or O.X. vagr, a bay.

CULLODEN (Inverness). ' At the back of the little pool ; '
G. lodan. Cf. CUMLODDEN.

CULNAHA (Nigg). G. cul na h'dfli, ' at the back of the kiln '
or kiln-like hill.

CULNAKNOCK (Uig). ' The back of the hill ; ' G. cnoc.

CULRAIN (Bonar Bridge). G. cul raoin, ' the back of the field
or road.' But Culdrain, Galloway, is fr. G. draighean,
1 the blackthorns.'

CULROSS (Alloa). c. 1110, Culenross ; also Ivyllenros. 'At
the back of the promontory ; ' G. ros.

CULSALMOND (Insch). Sic a. 1600. 'At the back of the
Salmond,' which might mean ' dirty hill ; ' G. salach
monadh (cf. CRIMOND). In Garioch, a. 1300, we find a
' Culsamuelle.'

CULTERCULLEN (Ellon). Curious combination, prob. recent.

CULTS (Aberdeen, and two in Galloway). G. coillte, ' woods,'
with Eng. plural.


CUMBERXAULD (Larbert). 1417, Cumyrnald ; pron. Cum-
mernaud. G. comar n'allt, ' meeting, confluence of the
streams,' which is actually nearer Castlecary. Skene
says her in cumber is same as in aber (see p. xxvii). On
intrusion of b, cf. CAMERON ; in Ireland we have p as
well as b, as in Donaghcumper, Kildare. But, nota
bene, Cumberland is from the Cymri or Kymry, i.e.,
' fellow-countrymen.'

CUMBRAES (Frith of Clyde), c. 1270, Kumbrey ; c. 1330,
Cumbraye. Some say = ' Kymry's isle ' (X. ay or e//)
(see above) ; others say = Kimmora or Kil Maura, cell
or church of a female saint who early laboured there ;
but where is the proof 1

CUMIXESTOWX (Turriff). Fr. Gumaine or Cummene, an abbot,
who died 669 ; best known for his Life of St Golumba.

CUMLODDEX (Inveraray and Galloway). G. cam lodan,
' crooked little pool.' Cf. CULLODEX.

CUMMERTREES (Dumfries). Prob. G. comar dreas, ' the con-
fluence at the thorn or bramble ' (cf. CUMBERXAULD).
In Ir. we have both comar and cummer, as in Cum-
meragh, Kerry ; Comeragh, TVaterford.

CUMXOCK (Old and Xew). 1297, Comnocke ; 1461, Cunnok ;
1548, Cariknok. G. cam cnoc, 'crooked or sloping hill.'
Cf. Kenick AYood, Kirkcudbright.

CUNXIXGHAM (Ayr). Old Welsh bards, Canawon ; c. 1150,

Cunegan ; Brev. Aberdon., Coninghame. ? PI. of G.

cuinneay, a milk-pail ; -ham is the alteration of some

Saxon scribe.
CURRIE (Edinburgh). Sic c. 1230. G. coire, 'a cauldron,'

ravine. Cf. CORRIE, and Currie Rig, Carsphairn.

CURROCHTRIE (Wigtown). Fr. G. currach, a marsh (cf. ' The
Curragh,' Ireland, meaning 'undulating plain'); -try
may be W. tre, land.

CUSHXIE GLEX (Aberdeen), a. 1300, Cuscheny ; also
Cussenin. G. ch'oisinn, ' a corner,' or perh. cos (pron.
cush) an achaicUi, ' foot of the field.'

CUTHILL (farm, West Calder). (A Cuthilgarth, c. 1500, in
Sanday.) Prob. fr. W. cut, a hovel, shed, cwt, round-
ness ; hence a cot. Cf. Cutcloy, p. xix.


CTDBRHALL (Dornoch). c. 1160, Siwardhoch; 1640, Blaeu,

Siddera. Interesting corruption fr. Earl ' Sigurd's How '
or Haugh (O.^N". haugr, a grave-mound, cf. X. hoi, u
hill) ; he was buried here in 1014.

CYRUS, St (Montrose). After St Cyricus, Ciricius, or Cyr, of


DAILLY (Maybole, and Urr, Kirkcudbright). G. dealglie,
' thorns.'

DAIRSIE (Cupar). 1250, Dervesyn; 1639, Dersey. First
syll. prob. either Celtic der, dor, G. doWiar, ' water,
river,' or G. doire, ' a grove, thicket,' as in DERRY ; and
second syll. perh. fr. l>(/i)a$, pi. lasan, 'a hollow,' lit. the
palm of the hand. ' Grove ' or ' river in the hollows.'

DALAROSSIE (Inverness). G. dail-a-rois, ' field on the point
or promontory;' G. dail, older dal, W. dol, is not
the same word as dale (O.E. dael, Icel. and Sw. dal, a
valley, ' dell '). Unlike the Eng. and Xorse ending
-dale, the Celtic dal is always a prefix, and means a
meadow or plain.

DALAVICH (Lorn). 'Field, plain of the AVICH,' or G. dail
amliaicli, 'field of the narrow neck.'

DALBEATTIE (Kirkcudbright). 1599, Dalbatie. 'Field of the
birch trees;' G. beath.

DALCHREICHART (Glenmoriston). G. dail chreaich ard, ' high-
up field of the foray ' or ' division of the spoil ' (creach).

DALDERSE (Falkirk). 1745, -derce. G. dearsach, 'bright,
gleaming, radiant,' so 'shining meadow.'

DALE (Halkirk). c. 1225, Orkney. Sag., Dal. Icel. N. and
Sw. for 'dale, valley.'

DALGARDIE (Perthsh.) = DALXACARUOCH. G and c in Celtic
often interchange.

DALGETY (Aberdour, Fife). 1178, Dalgathyn. ' Windy (G.
gaothauach) meadow.'

DALGUISE (Dunkeld). 'Field of firs;' G. yuithseach. Cf.


DALHOUSIE (Dalkeith). 1461, Dalwosy ; same as Dal-
choisne, Rannoch, = G. dail-a-ch'oisinn, ' field in the
corner or angle.'

DALIBORG or -BURGH (Lochmacldy). ' Meadow of the borg
or fort.' See EORGUE.

DALJARROCH (Girvan). G. dail dharaich, ' field of oaks.'
For dh=j, cf. Barrjarg, 'red height,' fr. G. deary.

DALKEITH. 1140, Dalkied; c. 1145, -keth ; and Dolchet.
Perh. fr. Ce, one of seven sons of great Cruithne, father,
according to the legend, of the Picts. But see on

1 )ALLACHY (Fochabers, and Aberdeen, Fife). In Fife pron.
Daichy. Prob. G. dalach, gen. of dail, a field; peril,
fr. dealaclid, a separating, a division, a space.

DALLAS (Forres). ' Meadow of the waterfall ; ' ( r. cas.

DALMAHOY (Edinburgh). 1295, -mehoy. G. dail ma ( = no)
tliuatli (pron. hua), 'field to the north.'

DALMALLY. Its old name was DYSART. Prob. fr. St Maluog.

DALMELLIXGTOX (Girvan). 1 Same as DALMALLY, + O.E. ton,

tun, hamlet, village.

DAI.MEXY (Edinburgh). <:. 1180, Uumanie ; 1250, Dun-
manyn. Of course da or dim is 'black,' and dun is a
hill. Perh. the name is dim moine, ' black moss ; ' but
on -manyn, cf. CLACKMANNAN.

.1 )ALMUIR (Dumbarton). Hybrid ; G. dail, a field, + O.E.,
Icel., and .'Dan. mar, a moor, morass, heath.

1 )ALNACARDOCH (S. Inverness-sh.). ' Plain of the smithy ;'
G. c(li)eardaicli, fr. ceard, a smith. DALGARDIE is the

same word.

DALNAGLAR (Glenshee). Fr. ( J-. gleadhar, a loud noise,

clang of arms.
DALNAMEIX (I)alnacardoch). Fr. G. ntcin, ' ore, a mine, a

vein of metal.'
DALNASPIDAL (X. Perthsh.). G. syidval, a ' sjiittal ' or inn.

Same word as ' hospital.'

DALNAVAIRD (Forfar and Kincardine). 1338, 'Dalnavert, '


near Aviemorc. ' Rhymer's or bard's glen ; ' G. na
bhaird, gen. of lard.

DALQUHARRAX CASTLE (Dailly). Doubtful; perh. 'field of
drunkenness or lasciviousness or madness ;' G. m(h)earan.
Qu is w, and we have mh = w in DALWHIXXIE, &c.

DALREOCH (Dumbarton). G. riabliach (pron. reoch or
reeugh), 'grey, brindled.'

DALRY (Edinburgh, Ayrshire, Castle Douglas, and Tyndrum).
' King's meadow ; ' G. righ (pron. ry or ree, as in Dal-
ree, Tyndrum, and PORTREE).

DALRYJIPLE (Ayrshire). 1467, -rumpyll. G. dail rumpuill,
'field of the tail' or ' rump.' Of. Buttock, near Polmont.

DALSERF (Hamilton). Formerly ' Mecheyn ' or ' Machan '
(for which cf. METHVEX and ECCLESMACHAX). From St
Serf, 5th century, Prior of Lochleven.

DALSETTER (Lerwick). 'Valley of the saetor,' IS", for a
summer, hill, or dairy farm. Ending -setter also occurs
in Caithness.

DALSWIXTOX (Dumfries). 1292, Dalsuyntone; also c. 1295,
Bale-swyntoun, which is a tautology, G. baile being =
O.E. ton, tun, a village. See SWIXTOX.

D ALTON (Ayr). Dal may be G. or Xorse, prob. the former.

DALWHIXXIE (S. Inverness), (j. dail ml mine, 'field of the
thicket.' Cf. Dalmoney, Galloway. Mh usually is = r ;
but cf. Craigwhinnie, Galloway.

DALZIEL (Motherwell). a. 1200, Dalyell, -iel ; 1352, Daleel.
Now pron. DalzMl ; prob. G. dail ial, 'field of the sun-

DAMHEAD (Kinross).

DAMPH, or DAIMH (L. Broom). G. damli, 'an ox.'

DAMSEY (Kirkwall), c. 1225, Orkney. Sag., Daminsey and

Demisey; curious contraction for ' Adamnan's isle ' (N.

ay, ey), see p. xcv.
DARXAGIE (New Luce). G. dolliar (pron. dor or dar) na

gaoithe, ' water or stream of the winds.' With dar,

dor, cf. W. dwr, river.
DARXAWAY (Forres). 1453, Tarnewa ; 1498, Darnway. G.


dolliar na bheatli (pron. vay), ' birch-water.' Cf. above,

DARXCONNER (Ayr). 'Connor's Water' (see above). C.
might be a man, but Connor in Antrim opposite is the
old Condeire, -daire, glossed in old Ir. MSS. doire na
'on, 'oak-wood of the wild dogs.' Cf. Gartconner,

DARNICK (Melrose). a. 1150, Dernewick. Prob. G. dobhar
an achaidh, 'stream in the field.'

DARVEL (Galston). Prob. G. daire cliuill, 'oak wood;' G.
coill, a wood. Cf. Barluell, Galloway, =barr leamli-
I'huill, or ' elm wood.' Here the cli is wholly lost
through aspiration.

DAUGHTIE MILL (Kirkcaldy). Pron. dawty ; 1 G. dabliaicli
tigli, ' farm-house.' See DAVA.

DAVA (Grantown). More fully davoch, older dabacJi, a land
measure = four ploughgates, fr. G. damh-ach, 'ox-field
or ox-gang.'

DAVARR ISLAXD (Campbelton). G. and Ir. da bliarr, 'two
heights.' Cf. Inishdavar, Ireland.

DAVEN, L. (Ballater). Ptolemy's town of Devana is by some
supposed to have stood near here. As it stands, it
might be G. damli bheinn, 'ox mountain.'

DAVIDSON'S MAIXS (Edinburgh). On mains, see CLINT-
MAINS. As early as 1761, and still called, curiously,
' Muttonhole.'

DAVIOT (Old Meldrum and Inverness). Old Meldrum, sic
a. 1300 ; also Davyoth. Prob. Mod. G. dabhoch, a farm
sufficient for so many cows (G. damh, an ox), in
Hebrides usually 320. Cf. DAVA.

DAWIC (Stobo). c. 1200, Dauwic. Prob. G. and Ir. damh,
an ox, + O.E. tcic, a dwelling or camp. Cf. Dawros,
Donegal, and BOCHASTLE.

DAWSTANE BURX and KIGG (Liddesdale). a. 720, Bede,
Degsastan, ' Degsa's stone ' (O.E. stein, Sc. stane), where
King Aidan was defeated in 603.

DEAN (Edinburgh), c. 1145, Dene. O.E. denu, M.E. dene,



a valley or glen, generally deep and wooded, cognate
with O.K. denn, a den, cave, lurking-place.


DEANSTOUN (Doune). Place or 'house (O.E. tun, Sc. toun)
in the DEAN,' or glen.

DEARG, 15en (Ross-sh.). G. dear;/, red.
DEARN, R. (Carrbridge).

DECHMONT (Cambuslang and Uphall). Tribe Decantae lived
in the north of Scotland (cj. Deganwy, Llandudno) ; and
the name Mac Decet is common on inscriptions in Devon,
Anglesea, and Ireland. So prob. ' Decet's hill;' G.
monadh. Of. CRIMOND.

DEE, R. (Aberdeen 'and Kirkcudbright). For early forms,
cf. ABERDEEN, also Ptolemy's L. Deva. In G. Dcabhadh
(pron. devay), which is lit. 'draining,' it also implies

DEER, Old and New (Aberdeen). Bk. Deer, 10th century,
Dear. G. deiir, a tear, so called, says BA: Deer, Ifr.
the tears shed here at the parting of Columba with his
friend Drostan, who founded the abbey here.

DEERNESS (Kirkwall). Prob. not ' deer ness ' or cape ; Icel.
and Dan. df/r, a deer ; rather, fr. the door-like recess in
the mural cliff here, di/r-ness or ' headland with the door.'

DEGENISH (Argyle). Prob. the ness or nish of some Norse-
man, ? Dega. Cf. ARDALANISH.

DELNY (Invergordon). Sic 1463 ; but 1398, Delgeny. G.
dealganach, 'full of little prickles or thorns;' G. dcatt/,
a thorn or bodkin.

DELTING (Shetland). N. dal ]>ing, 'dell or valley of the
thing or meeting.' Cf. TINGWALL.


DENBURN and DENHEAD (St Andrews, andAuchmacoy,Ellon).
Den is Sc. for DEAN, ' Avooded glen.'


DENINO, or DUNINO (St Andrews). 1250, Duneynach; 1517,
Dinnino. G. dim aonaicli, 'hill on the heath' or
' waste.'


DENNIS HEAD (Orkney) and DENNISTOUN (Glasgow). Dennis
is a common Ir. name, prob. = St Denis or Dionysius,
first bishop of Paris, beheaded c. 280.

DENNY (Stirling). Old G. dlnat, a wooded glen or DEAN
(cf. DUNNET). There is a Denny Bottom near Tun-
bridge Wells.

DENNYLOANHEAD (Denny). Of. LOANHKAD, liead of the loan
or lane (O.K. lane).

DERNACISSOCK (Kirkeowan). ( 1. <l<>bliar na sto*g, ' water with
the sedges.' Cf. DARXAWAY.

DERRY (burn, Crathie). G. and Ir. daii'c, do-ire, an oak or
oak-wood. Two in England.

DERYAIG (Tobermory). 1 G. darbli aiy, ' worm or reptile
bay;' aig is Xorse.

DESKFORD (Cullen). a. 1GOO, Deskfurd. Prob. da ui^/e,
' two waters,' + O.E. ford, a ford. Cf. Desford and Des-
borongh, Leicester.

DESKIE BURN (Elgin). As aboYc.

DEVANIIA (Aberdeen). Ptolemy's Decana was at ]S"or-
mandikes, 8 miles west of Aberdeen (cf. DAYEN). Last
syllable looks like G. and Ir. l(1i}eannaeli, hilly, as in
Aghavannagh, Wicklow. But cf. next.

DEYANNOC (L. Lomond). Sic 177G; 1804-, TaYanach.
Prob. G. ti'jh niJianaicJi, 'house of the monk.' A
hermit once dwelt here.

DEYERON, E. (Banff), a. 1300, Douerne. Must lie the same
word as Ptolemy's Tr. Dabrona ; G. dobha/'at/, dimin. of
dub/tar, 'water, stream.' Cf. DeYoran, Cornwall.

DEYON, R. (Kinross). '-. 1210, Glendovan. G. dubJt abltainn
or an, ' black, dark river.' The district seems to have,
been inhabited by the A Iosatfe, an outlier of the great
tribe of the Damnonii, inhabiters and namers of the.
Eng. 'Devon,' in "W. Dyrnaint. Rhys thinks the names
identical in meaning and origin.

DHU HEARTACII (rock off Colonsay). G. d/ni cJieartaic/t, 'tin 1
Ijlack adjuster or corrector,' fr. wart, right, just. A
lighthouse now on the rock. Some say it means ' black
rock to the wester.'


DHUSKER, L. (Eribol). G. dhu tsgeir, ' black rock ;' cf. X.
skjaer or sker, a rock or 'skerry.'

DINGWALL. 1263, Dignewall; 1290, Dingewal; 1463,
Dingvale. O.N. \iingavdll, 'meeting of the thing' or
local assembly, = TINGWALD and TINGWALL.

DINNET (Aberdeen). Old G. dinat, a Avooded glen. Cf.

DINWOODIE (Dumfries), c. 1500, Dunwedy ; 1578, Dum-
widdie. Perh. G. dun Hheadaig, ' hill of the gossip or

DIPPIN (S. Arran). 1807, ' The Dipping Rocks,' 300 feet of
perpendicular basalt.

DIRLET (Caithness). Prob. dirl-clet, ' stack-like rock with
the hole in it.' There is a CLETT here ; and see next.

DIRLETON (N. Berwick and Kirkinner). X. Berw. D., 1270,
Dirlton; 1288, Driltone ; looks like 'village by the
drills ' or planted rows (of potatoes,, &c. ). The Sc. dirl
and the Eng. drill and thrill are all fr. same root as
O.E. thyrl, a hole ; hence nosdliril or nostril.

DISTINKHORX HILL (Galston). Prob. fr. a man. Cf. Disting-
ton, Whitehaven. Horn may well represent G. earn,
ciiirn, a heap of stones, a rock.

DOCHART, L. andR (Perthsh.). c. 1200, Glcndochard; 1428,
Dochirde. Prob. G. dalharh mrd, 'height with the
ploughed land.' See DAVA, and cf. Dawachnahard,

DOCHFOUR (Inverness). ' Cold ploughed land;' G.fuar, cold.

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