James B. (James Brown) Johnston.

Place-names of Scotland online

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Cf. PITFOUR, Avoch.

DOCHGARROCH (Inverness). ' Ploughed part of the rough
field;' G. yarbh acliadh. Cf. GARIOCH.

DOCHLAGGIE (Strathspey). G. dalhoch laggain, ' ploughed
land in the little hollow ' (G. lay).

DODD, common name of rounded hills in the soiith of Scot-
land. Cf. Lowl. Sc. daddy, doddit, ' without horns,' or
'bald.' Perh. cognate with 0. IceL toddi, a portion.
Cf. Dodridge, Ford.

DOLLAR (Alloa) and DOLLAR LAW (Peebles). 1461, Doler;


1639, Dolour. W. dol, G. dail dird, 'meadow below
the height.' On law, see p. Ixxvi.

DOLPHINTOX. 1253, Dolfinston. Dolfine was brother of
the first Earl of Dunbar, c. 1240. Cf. Dolphinholme,

DON, R. Sic c. 1170. G. donn, 'brown,' or domhain, 'deep,'

mh mute.
DOXIBRISTLE (Aberdour, Fife), a. 1169, Donibrysell; 1178,

Donybrisle. Prob. G. dunan brisy-gheal, 'clear,

bright little hill.' Cf. ARDALAXISH.

Doox, R. and L. (Ayrsh.). c, 1300, Logh done. G., Ir.,
and O.E. diin, a hill, then a hill-fort.

DORBACK (Grantown). G. dobhar or dor bathaich, 'stream
of the cow-house.' On dobJiar (which is Pictish), cf.

DORES (L. Xess). The e is mute. G. dobhar or dfir, water,
with the common Eng. plural.

DORLIXX (between Morven and Oronsay, Davaar and Kin-
tyre, CALF and Mull). G. doirlinn, a bit of land, or
isthmus, which is temporarily submerged by the tide.
Dornie (1617, Dorny) is thought to be a corruption of
the same word. It is on Lochalsh.

DORXOCH. 1199, Durnah; c. 1230, Durnach ; 1456, Dor-
nouch. G. dobhar or dtir an achaidh, 'Avater of the field.'

DORXOCK (Annan). As above.

DOUGLAS (Lanark, and two burns on L. Lomond). L. Lorn.
D., in Nennius, Dubglas. Lan. D., c. 1150, Duuelglas,
Duueglas, Duglas ; c. 1220, Dufgles. Old G. dim or
dubh r/las, 'black, dark Avater;' the only meaning of
glas in Mod. G. is 'grey, pale.'

DOUGLASTOWX (Maybole and Forfar). Fr. the great Scotch
family of that name.

DOTJXBY (Stromness). Sw. and O.E. diin, a hill, + by, town,
village, see p. Ixiii. = HILTOX.

DOUXE (Callander) = Doox.

DOUR, R. (Fife). Forms, see ABERDOUR. G. dobhar, dor,
dur, "W. dwr, water, river.


DOVECRAIGS (Bo'ness). 'Black rocks;' G. dulli, 'black.
Cf. the name Duff.

DOWALLY (Pitlochry). G. dubh Wiaile, 'dark, black village.'

DOWNFIELD (Dundee). Down, as in Ir. ' Down ; ' prob. =
G. and Ir. dun, a hill, hill-fort.

DOWNIES (Kincardine). Corruption of G. dunan, 'a little
hill,' with the common Eng. plural. There was a
thanage of ' Duny ' or Downie at Monikie ; and there
is Port Downie, above Falkirk.

DRAINE (Lossiemouth). G. and Ir. draigheann, "W. drain,
' (black) thorns.' Cf. Drain, Drains, Dreenan, &c., in

DRAXIEMANNER (Minigaff). Prob. as above, + G. mainnir,
a sheep-pen, booth, cattle-fold.

DREGHORN (Irvine and Musselburgh). Prob. corruption of
G. draigheann. See DRAINE, and cf. CLEGHORN.

DREM (Haddington). Sic. 1250. G. druini, the back;
hence 'a hill-ridge.' Cf. Drimagh, Ireland.

DRIMNIN (Morven). G. druinnein, dimin. of dronn, the
back, a ridge. Cf. Drimna and Drimmin (Ir. druimin),

DRIP, The (Stirling, on the Forth), and DRIPPS (Renfrew).
Renf. I)., 1158, Le Drip. Prob. Sc. drcep, 'a jump or
drop down,' same as drip, O.E. drypan, Icel. drjiipa, to
drip or drop.

DROMA, L. (Ross-sh.). G. gen. of druim, the back, a hill-
ridge. It stands where the great backbone of Scotland
(Drum Alban) crosses the valley at the head of the
R. Broom. Cf. Drom and Dromagh in Ireland.

DROMORE (Kirkcudbright), or Drummore. 'Big hill-ridge ;'
G. mbr, big, and see above. Also in Ireland.

DRON (Bridge of Earn). Sic c. 1190. G. dronn, the rump,
back, a hill-ridge.

DRONGAN (Coylton). G. dronn gaothanach (pron. ganach),
' windy hill-ridge.'

DROXLEY (Dundee). G. dronn, + Eng. ley or lee, a meadow.
Cf. Dronfield, Sheffield.


DRUM (farm, Bonny bridge, c.). 0. druim = L. dorsum,
the back ; hence a hill-ridge like a beast's back. Sir H.
Maxwell names 198 Drums- in Galloway alone. It is
seen in Ptolemy's (c. 120 A.D.) KoA^Sowos S/W/AOS, which
Skene thinks is translation of Caledoninm Dorsum or
.Drum Alban, the great dividing mountain-ridge of
Scotland. Drum and dum or dun, 'hill,' are con-
stantly interchanging in Sc. names.

DKUMBLADE (Huntly). a. 1500, -blate; peril, fr. G. lladh,

smooth, or Math, a flower, bloom.
DRUMCHAPEL (Dumbarton). Probably ' mare's back ; ' G.

c(li)apidl, a mare.
DHUMCLOG (Strathaven), Prob. fr. G. clog, a l)ell. AVas

there a chapel here ?

DRUMELDRIE (Largo). Prob. fr. G. eildeir, 'the elder-tree.'
DRUM(M)ELZIER (Biggar). Pron. -elyer ; c. 1 200, ] Hmmedler ;
c. 1305, Dumelliare; 1326, Drummeiller; 1492, -mel-
zare. Here G. druim and dun, ' hill-ridge ' and ' hill,'
have been interchanged. The second part looks like
O.Fr. mcdler or meslier, the medlar-tree, but this is very
unlikely, especially as ' medlcr ' (sic) is not found in
Kng. till c. 1400 in Romaunt of the Itose. Perh. fr. a
man, or fr. O.X. melr, pi. melar, bent grass.

DRUMFADA, Mountain (Banavie). 'Long (G. fada) hill-

DRUMGLOW HILL (Kincardine). ' Ridge of the cry or shout ; '
G. glaodli. Of. DUXGLOW.

DBUMLANRIG (Thornhill). 1663, -lanerk. As it stands looks
like a tautology, for drum is = rig (see p. Ixi), and Ian
= long (cf. Carlenrig, north of Langholm) ; but cf.

I )RUMLEMBLE (Campbelton).

DKUMLITIIIE (Fordoun). ' Gray (G. Hath) hill-ridge.'

DRUMMOND (S. Perthsh. and Whithorn). Perthsh. D.,1296,
Droiuan ; c. 1300, 'Gilbert de Drymmoiid.' G. dro-
mainn, a ridge, fr. druim, the back. Several Drum-
monds in Ulster ; also in Ireland, Drummin, &c. The
d has not added itself in DRYMEX.

DRUMMUCKLOCH (Kirkcudbright). ' llidge of the piggery ; '


G. muclacli, fr. muc, a pig. Cf. Drimnamucklach,
Argyle, and Gortnamucklagh, Ireland.

DRUMNADROCHIT (Inverness). ' Hill-ridge by the bridge ; >
G. drochaid, Cf. Drumdrochat, Minigaff, and Kix-

DRUMOAK (Aberdeen), c. 1250, Dumuecb, also Duhnaok,
and still (?) pron. Dalmaik. 'Field (G. dail) of St
Mazote,' the Irish virgin, friend of St Bride or Bridget,
5th century.

DRUMOCHTER (Dalnaspidal). ' Upper hill-ridge ; ' G. naclt-
darach, fr. uachdar, the top. Cf. the names in Auchter-.

DRUMSHEUGH (Edinburgh). ' Hill-ridge with the trench or
furrow ; ' G. sheuclt.

DRUMSMITTAL (Knockbain). ' Vapoury, misty (G. smuidcil)

DRUMTOCHTY CASTLE (Fordoun). ? ' Obstructing, lit. choking,
hill-ridge ; ' G. taclidach, fr. taclid, to stop up. choke.

DRUMVUICII (Perthsh.). 'Hill-ridge of the buck ;' G. Untie.
DRYBRIDGE (Buckie). Possibly fr. G. draiyh, a thorn.

DRYBURGH (St BosweUs). Sic c. 1200; c. 1160, Drieburh ;
c. 1211, Dryburg, Driborch, also -brugh; 1544, -brough.
Quite possibly 'dry fort,' O.E. dn/y, drie, dry (se<^
BROUGH); but commonly said to be fr. (J. daracli brunch,
'oak-bank.' Cf. BROUGHTY.

DRYFESDALE (Lockerbie). XOAV pron. Drysdalc ; 11 10,
Drivesdale. Prob. fr. O.E. drifan, Dan. drive, to drive.

URYMEN (S. of L. Lomond). Pron. Drimmen; 123y,
Drumyn ; also Drummane. = DRUMMOXD.

1 )RYNACHAN HOUSE (Nairn). Charter, c. 1170, 'Trenechinen
quod Latine sonat lignum recte extensum;' 1497,
Drynahine. G. draigneachan, substantive dimin. meaning
'a thicket,' lit. 'abounding in thorns;' G. draicjlmeaclt.

DRYNIE (Dingwall). G. draiyhneach, 'thorns.' There is
also a Drynoch.

DUB FORD (Banff). Prob. 'black (G. dubh) ford;' dul> is
also Sc. for a pool, puddle.


DUBTOX (Montrose). Prob. corruption of G. dulli dun, ' dark

DUDDIXGSTOX (Edinburgh). Charter, c. 1150, 'Dodinus de
Dodinestun;' 1290, Dodingstone. Dodin must have,
been a . Saxon settler. Six Doddingstons and one
Duddingston in England.

DUFFTOWX (Banff). Fr. the clan Duff; G. dubJi, black.
Cf. Dufton, Appleby.

DUFFUS (Elgin). 1290, Duflius; 1512, Duffous. 'Dove-
house;' O.E. diifa, dvfc, + O.E. and Icel. Jaif. Prob.
this is the Dufeyrar in Orkney. Sag., in which the
latter part = 0.1^. eyri, a spit of land.

DUICH, L. (Glenelg). Fr. StDufliac, died at Armagh, c. 1062.
Cf. Bailedlmichj G. name of Tain.

DUIRIXISH (Skye). (1501, Watternes ;) 1567, Durynthas ;
1588, Durinysh. It is a peninsula, almost an island,
so prob. G. dur (or doMar) innis, 'water-island.' Cf.
Craig Durnish, in 1613 -durinche, L. Etive. Prof.
M'Kinnon thinks = DURXESS or 'deer-ness.'

DULL (Aberfeldy). Sic 1380; c. 1230, Dul, G. dulach,
'misty gloom.' A mountain called Doilweme ('murky
cave') is mentioned in the Irish Life of St Cuthbert as
near by. In charter, c. 1170, re the Don Valley, we

read, 'Rivulus Doeli quod sonat carbo ("coal")

Latin e propter ejus nigredinem.'

DULLATUR (Falkirk). G. dim leitir, 'dark hill slope.' See

DULNAX, R. (Grantown). ?G. dail an an or abhainn, 'field
by the river.'

DUMBARTOX. a. 1300-1445, Dunbretane ; 1498, Dunber-
tane ; 1639, Dumbriton. G. dim Blireatuin, 'fort or
hill of the (Strathclyde) Britons.' Its old name was
Alcluith. Bum and dun are constantly found inter-
changing in Sc. names ; so are dun and drum.

DUMBUCK (Dumbarton). G. dun liuic, 'hill of the buck or
he-goat' (hoc).

DUMCRIEFF (Moffat). ' Hill with the haunch or shoulder.'


DUMFRIES. 1288, D(o)unfres; 1395, Drumfreiss, formerly
called Caerf eres. Skene thinks both these = ' fort of
the Frisians,' here a. 400. Others say fr. G. plireas,
copse, shrubs, = Shrewsbury. Cf. the Sc. surname
Monfries, ? = G. monadh plireas.

DUMGREE (Kirkpatrick-Juxta). G. dun grew/he, ' hill of the
herd ' (of deer, &c.).

Dux (Montrose). Sic 1250. G. and Ir. dun, a hill, then a
hill-fort, W. din, cognate with O.E. tiin, enclosure, village,
and L. ending -dunum, so common in Caesar, Lugdunum,
Camalodunum, &c.

Dux ALASTAIR (Pitlochry). G. ' Alexander's hill.'

DUNAN (Broadford). G. ' a little hill.'

DUNASKIN (Ayr). Prob. 'hill of the water;' G. uisgean.

DUNBAR (Haddington and Kirkbean). Hadd. D., c. 720,
Eddi, Dyunbaer ; a. 1 200, Dunbarre. ' Fort on the
height;' G. barr. Possibly connected with St Bar or
Fin bar, Bishop of Cork, to whom Dornoch Church is

DUNBARNEY (Bridge of Earn), a. 1 1 50, Drumbernin. ' Hill
with the gap;' G. bearna. Cf. DUMBARTON.

DUNBEATH (Caithness). Sic 1450 ; Ulst. Ann., re ann. 680,
Duinbaitte. ' Hill of the birches ; ' G. heath.

DUNBLANE. Old chron. Dubblain ; c. 1272, Dumblin.
' Hill of Blane,' son of King Aidan, who founded a
church here in the 6th century.

DUNBOG, or DINBUG (Cupar). c. 1190, Dunbulcc; 1250,
-bulg. 'Massive, bellying hill,' fr. G. l>ulg, the belly.
Cf. Drumbulg, Tarland.

DUNCANSBAY (Caithness), c. 1225, Orkney. Say., ~Dungu.lsba,e;
c. 1700, Dungasby ; present spelling only later than
1700. 'Donald's house or village.' Donnglial is the
Old G. form of Donald, now Dbnull; and in Orkney.
Sag. we read of a 10th-century Celtic chief Dungad or
Dungal, who prob. gave his name to this place. For
-&?/ = Dan. />?/ or bi, 'village,' cf. CANISBAY.

DUNCANSBURGH (Fort William). A modern name.



DUNCOW (Dumfries). Prol>. 'hill of the gow or smith;'
G. goblia.

] >UNCRUB, or DRUMCRUB (Strathearn) ; in Fid. Citron., aim.
965, 'Dorsum Crup.' 'Hill with the haunch or
shoulder;' G. crullta. =DOICHIEKF, only here the I
is hard.

DUNDEE. 1199, D uncle ; 1367, Dundee. jSTo reason to
dispute the common derivation, (!. dhn DC (gen. of
Dia), ' hill of God ; ' ? = ' Gadshill.'

DUNDONALD (Ajrsh., sic 1461) and DUNDONNELL (Ulla-
pool); cf. ''Duiidouenald,' 1183, in Forfar. 'Hill of
.1 >onakl ; ' G. Dbnull or Domhnnll. There is a Dun-
donald in County Down.

DUNDRENNAN (Kirkcudbright). 1290, -draynane; 1461,
-dranan. 'Hill of the thorn-hushes;' G. draighneanan.
Cf. DRYNACIIAN ; also Drecnan and Aghadreenan, Ire-

DUNECHT (Aberdeen). See ECHT.

DUNFALLANDY (Logierait). Latter part unknown ; ? some

DUNFERMLINE. Sic 1251, hut c. 1145, -fermelin; 1160,
-ferrnling. Xo explanation very satisfactory ; for if it
he ' hill of the crooked pool,' the G.jiar linne could with
difficulty become fermling ; and if it he 'Farlan's Hill,'
as Dr M'Lauchlan says, the first form which favours
that is in Barbour's Bruce, c. 1375, ' Dunferlyne.' This
Farlan (now seen in the surnames M'Farlane and Par-
lane), according to legend, was, with Xemed, first
coloniser of Ireland. Proh. a pre-Celtic name, Rhys
thinks. The in is best accounted for by deriving fr.
that Melyn, whose name is supposed also to enter into
STIRLING ; so the name would mean ' crooked hill of

DUNFION (hill, L. Lomond). ' Finn ' or ' Fingal's hill ; ' he
is said to have hunted here.

DUNGLASS (Firth of Clyde). ' Grey, wan (G. </lax) hill.'

DUNGLOW (Kinross). 'Hill 'or 'fort of the shout or cry ;'

G. f/laodh.
DUNIPACE (Denny). Sic 1195; 1293, Dunypas. Skene


says fr. lass, a mound (sec BASS), the two mounds here
being supposed to mark the site of that battle of King
Arthur, which Xennius calls Bassas. The local ex-
planation is G. dun na bais, ' hill of death.'

DUXIQUOICH HILL (Inveraray). ' Hill like a drinking-cup ; '
G. and Ir. ctiach, ' a quaich ; ' cf. R. Quaich, south of

DUXIRA (St Fillan's). ' Hill of the west water ; ' G. i.ar abh.

DUXJUMPIX (Colvend, Kirkcudbright). ' Fort of the hillock ; *
G. tiompain, ti being = ch in G. Tiompnn also means
cymbals ; perh. with reference to some religious rites.

DUNKELD. Sic a. 1150: but Ulst. Ann., ann. 865, Duin-
caillen ; Pict. Chron., Duncalden ; Wyntoun, c. 1420,
Dwnkaldyne. ' Hill with the woods.' Caillen or
chaillein is gen. pi. of G. coille, a wood. Same root as

DUNKIRK (Kells, Kirkcudbright). Prob. 'hill of the
grouse ; ' G. cearc, gen. circe.

DUNLOP (Ayrsh.). (Cf. 1250, 'Dunlopin,' Forfar.) Prob.
'hill of the bend, angle, or little glen;' G. lub. Cf.
Crup for crulha, s.v. DUNCRUB.

DUNMORE (Falkirk). ' Big hill ; ' G. mur, big.

DUXMYAT (Ochils), or Dum-, or Demyat ; fr. tribe Mceahe
or Miati (xic in Adamnan) = Verturiones, outliers of
the Damnonii. Cf. DEVON Valley near by. Miati is
prob. fr. W. meiddio, to dare ; so Prof. Rhys.

DUNNAIST (W. Ross-sh.). G. dim-an-(fh)astc, 'hill of the

DUNNET (Caithness), c. 1230, Donotf ; 1275, Dunost;
1455, Dunneth. Doubtful ; early forms make it unlikely
to be = DIXXET.

DUXXICHEN (Forfar). ' Fort of Xechtan,' King of the Picls,

died 481.
DUXXIKI'ER (Kirkcaldy). G. dunan ciar, ' dusky, dark brown

little hill.'
DUNNING (Perthsh.). 1200, Dunine, later Dunyn. G.

dnnan, ' little hill ' or ' fort.'

DUX(N)OTTAR (Stonehaven). U/xt. Ann., ann. 081, Duin


foither; 1461, Dunotir. Tort 011 the reef or low
promontory;' G. oitir. Mod. G. has lost the / by

DUNOLLY CASTLE (Oban). Uht. Ann., aim. 685, Duin
Ollaigh; Tigliernac, ann. 714, Dunollaig; 1322, Dun-
ollach. Prob. fr. some man.

DUNOON. Sic 1472: but c. 1240, Dunnon; 1270, Dun-
hoveii ; c. 1300, Dunhon ; 1476, Dunnovane. ' Hill by
the water ; ' G. abhainn, in S. Argyle, pron. o'an. Of.
AVON and PORTNAHAVEN. Possibly fr. h'amhuinn
(pron. havun), an oven. Dunoon and Dunowen are
names common in Ireland.

DUNPHAIL (Forres). Perh. ' hill of the horse ; ' G. p(Ji)e<dl.
Cf. Drumpail, Old Luce. Fail in G. means a ring,
a wreath, a sty.

DUNRAGIT (Glenluce). ? 'Hill of the noise or disturbance;'
G. racaid, Eng. ' racket.'

DUNROBIN CASTLE (Golspie). 1401, robyn; 1512, Drum-
rabyn ; also Drum Raffn. In 1222 Raffn was Lijgmadr,
'law-man,' or crown representative here. Name prob.
remodelled in compliment to Robin or Robert, Earl of
Sutherland, c. 14UO. On interchange of drum and

DUNROD (Kirkcudbright). Stc 1360. Prob. 'hill by the
road ; ' G. rathaid, pron. raad ; more likely than fr.
ruadJt, red.

DUNROSSXESS (Shetland). Sar/as, Dynrostarnes, 'ness,
'promontory of the hill by the rost,' N. for whirlpool,

DUNS (Berwick). Prob. G. dun, hill or fort, with the com-
mon Eng. plural. No proof of the tradition that it is
contracted fr. Dunstan.

DUNSCAITH CASTLE (Sleat). 1505, Dunskahay. ? G. dun
syatha, ' hill of the consuming, destruction.' Cf. ' Dun-
schath' or 'Dunscacht,' 1461, in Ross.

DUNSCORE (Dumfries), a. 1300, Dunescor. 'Hill with the
sharp rock ; ' G. sgor.


DUNSHELT or -ALT (Auchtermuchty). Prob. 'hill of the
hunt;' G. sealg.

DUNSINAXE (Dunkeld). c. 970, Pict. Ckron., Dunsinoen
(and prob. the Arsendoim or -in, TiyJiernac, ann. 596).
Prob. 'hill with the breasts or dugs;' G. siiteachan,
fr. sine, a breast.

DUNSTAFFNAGE CASTLE (Oban). 1322, Ardstofniche.
Hybrid ; prob. ' hill of the inch (G. innis, island or
peninsula), with staff-like markings;' Icel. staff, Dan.
stav. Of. STAFFA.

DUNSYRE (Dolphinton). 1180, -syer ; a. 1300, -sier. 'East
(G. siar) hill.' Gf. Balsier (old, Balsyir) and Balshere,

DUNTOCHAR (Dumbarton). 1265, Drum toucher (cf. DUM-
FRIES, &c.). 'Fort of the causeway;' Ir. tocliar (not in
Mod. G.). Cj. Cantoghar, Ireland.

DUNTULM (Uig). 1498, -tullen. ' Fort on the hillock ;' G.
tolm, gen. tuilm.

DUNVALANREE (Bcndcrloch). G. diin-a-bhaile-na-riyh, 'hill
of the king's house ' or 'village.'

DUNVEGAN (Skye). 1498, -begane; 1517, -veggane ; 1553,
Dunnevegane. ? 'Fort of the few, small number;' G.

DUPPLIN CASTLE (Perth). Pict. Chron., Duplyn. 'Black
pool ' = Dublin ; G. dubh, black ; lynn is W. rather than
G., which has linnc. On p for I, cf. Dorsum Crup for

DURA DEN (Cupar). G. dobharach (duracli), watery; fr.
dobhar, water, cf. DOUR, DURIE ; + DEAX.

DURHAM (Kirkpatrick-Durham, and name of hill there).
O.E. dear ham, 'wild beasts' home or lair;' cf. Icel.
dyr, Sw. diur, a wild beast ; same as Eng. deer.

DURIE (Fife). G. dobharach or duracli, watery. Cf. DURA
DEN, and Dourie, Mochrum, also Doory and Dooragh,

DURXESS (W. Sutherland), c. 1230, Dyrnes. 'Deer ness;'
Icel. dyr, Dan. dyr, a beast, deer.


DUROR (Glencoe). (1343, Durdoman, i.e., 'deep Avater ; ')
1501, Durroure. G. dohhar or dur oir, ' water's edge.'

DURRIS (Banchory). Prob. 0. floras, darns, a door, entrance.
Cf. Durrus, south of Ireland.

DUR(R)ISDEER (Thornhill). 1328, Durrysder. G. darns
doire, ' entrance of the grove or forest.' There was an
ancient forest here. Cf. Deerhass, near by.

DUTCHMAN'S CAP, The (isle off W. of Mull).

DUTIIIL (Can-bridge). ( r. dim thuil, ' black stream ' or ' flood.'

DYCE (Aberdcensh.). 1 G. dcas, south, or diet*, an ear of

DYE, R. (Kincardine).

DYESTER'S BRAE and EIG (Galloway). -ster is the old female
suffix ; cf. spinster, Avebster, or female Aveaver, noAv only
a proper name, cK;c.

DYKE (Forres). Sic 1311. O.K. die, bank of earth cast up
fr. a ditch, Avliich is the same word. Wherever dyke or
dykes enters into a name, as in Battledykes, Forfar,
Cleavcn Dyke on Isla, and Eaedykes on Ythan, it
usually means the site of an ancient camp.

DYKEBAR (Paisley). Barrc, a barrier, is found in Eng. as
early as c. 1220.

DYSART (Fife and Montrosc). Fife D., 1250, Dishard ;
c. 1530, G. Buchanan, Deserta. G. diseart fr. L. dewr-
tum, desert place, then a hermit's cell or house for
receiving pilgrims. Dysart (ale 144G) or Clachandysert
Avas the old name of the parish of Glenorchy ; others, too,
in Scotland. Desert, Discrt, c., common in Ireland.


EAGER-, EGGER-NESS (WigtoAvn). 'Eagre ness,' i.e., 'cape of
the tidal Avave ' or bore (of the, Sohvay) ; O.E. eat/or,
eyor, Icel. wyir, the sea.

EAGLESFIELD (Ecclefechan). Also one near Cockermouth.

E]AGLESHAAI (Paisley). 1158, Egilsham ; 1309, Eglishame.
Not fr. the eagle, Avhich is Fr. aiyle, but "\V. eylwys, G.


eaglais, fr. L. (and Gk.) ecclesia, a church, +O.E. Mm,
home, place, village. Only -ham in. this quarter, and
even this is a hybrid.

EARLSFBRRY (Elie). a. 1300, Eiiesferie. O.E. eorl, an earl ;
said to be after Macduff, thane of Fife, but he is a
' mythic character ' (Skene).

EARLSTOX (Berwicksh.). c. 1144, Ercheldon ; c. 1180,
Ercildime a, 1320, Essedoune; 1370, Hersildoune;
fine example of popular corruption and 'etymology.'
Prob. G. aird choil, ' height of the wood,' cf. ARD-
CHALZIE ; to which prob. the Angle immigrants added
O.E. dun, a hill

EARX, R. Prophy. St Berclian, a. 1100, Eirenn; very old
M.S., Sraith hirend, i.e., Strathearn. Pron. eran, which
looks like G. ear an or dbliainn, ' east (flowing)
river.' But Dr Skene says fr. Eire, Irish queen, men-
tioned in the Ir. Xennius, who, tradition says, was fr.
Scotland. Eire or Erin, accusative Erinn, was also an
old name of Ireland, = Gk. 'Ifpvrj and Juvenal's luuerna,
corrupted into Hibernia ; so Rhys. He thinks it pre-
Celtic, and does not accept "Windiscli's meaning, ' fat,
fertile land ; ' cf. Sanskrit pivan, fern, pivari; Gk. iriuv.
Eren was the old name of the R. Findhorn. Cf. BANFF.

EARNOCK (Hamilton). Prob. G. earr an achaidh, ' end,
boundary of the field.' Cf. DORNOCK.

EASDALE (Oban). G. eas, waterfall, + N. dal, dale, valley;
see p. xlvi.

EASSIE (Meigle). 1250, Essy. G. easach, 'abounding in

waterfalls ; ' G. eas. Cf. ESSY.
EASTHAVEN (Arbroath).
EAST NEUK o' FIFE. Sc. neuk is G. and Ir. nine, a ' nook '

or corner.

EASTWOOD (Glasgow). Also in Notts.
EATHIE (Cromarty). Prob. = ETHIE, c. 1212, Athyn, i.e., G.

athan, a little ford.
ECCLEFECHAN (Dumfriessh.). L. Ecclesia Fechani, 'church

of St Fechan' (G. fiachan, 'little raven,' dimin. of

fitheacli), Abbot of Fother, West Meath, time of Ken-

tigern. Cf. ST VIGEAN'S.


ECCLES (Coldstroam and Pcnpont). Colds. K, 1297, Hecles =
' church ' (see EAGLESHAM). St Mary's Cistercian
nunneiy, founded here 1155. In 1195 St Xinian's,
Stirling, is called the church of Er/rjlis. Three in Eng-
land. See, too, ]>. xcviii.

ECCLESIAMAGIRDLE (S.E. Perthsh.). ' ( 'liurch of St Grisclda '
or Grizel, ma being the Celtic endearing prefix, 'my
own.' The parishes of Flisk and Lindores are dedi-
cated to a St Macgidrin, but this is prob. a Bishop of
St Andrews, called Mac Gilla Odran.

ECCLESMACHAN (Uphall). 1250, Eglismanin; 1296, Eggles-
mauhy, ' church of ? Manchan,' Irish saint, 7th century.

ECHT (Aberdeen). Sic a. 1300. ?G. each, a horse, or pos-
sibly eachd, an exploit. Duneight, Lisburn, is the old
Dun Eacltdaclt, ' Eochy's hill or fort.' Cf. DUXECIIT.

ECK, L. (Dunoon). Prob. same as OICH, fr. Old Celtic
root for 'water.' Cf. Axe, Esk, Usk, and G. uisije,
also Ecton, Northampton.

ECKFORD (Jedburgh). c. 1200, Eckeforde ; 1220, llecford.
See above.

EI.AY (Kirkwall). Saga*, Eidey ; c. 1260, Eidoe. ? ' Eddy
isle ' ( X. ay, ci/), fr. Icel. -it It a, an eddy or whirlpool.
The earliest known form of the Eng. word 'eddy 'is
in Houhite, a. 1455, 'aneydy.' Or fr. Icel. ce'8-/ 1 , Dan.
wler, the eider-duck.

EDDEHTOX (Tain). 1461, Edirtonne ; 1532, Kddirtane ; <.
1565, -thane. I'larly corruption, peril, influenced by
nearness to Tain, fr. G. c.adar dun, 'between the hills.'

EDDLESTOX (Peebles). <. 1200, Kdoluestone ; 1296, Edal-
stone ; <:. 1305, Edwylstonc. ' Edulf's jilace ;' a. 1189
lands here granted to a Saxon settler, Kdulf orEdulphns.
The Celtic name had been Pen Jacob.

EDDRACHILIS (W, Sutherland). Pron. -heelis; 1509, Ecldira-
ci[uhelis. G. eadar-a-chaoilas, 'between the straits;' G,
t-aol, a KYLE or narrow sound; cf. Eddergoll ('between
the fork,' G. <jol>hal), Breadalbane.



EDEN, R. (Fife and Roxburgh). Pcrh. <. 120, Ptolemy, Tinnu.
Prob. W, eiddi/n or G. eadann, ' face, slope of a hill.'

EDENSHEAD (Kinross).

EDGERSTONB ( Jedburgh). =1455, 'Eggerhope Castell;' only

peril. = 'Edgar's town.'

EDINBANE (Portree). G. cadann ban, 'white slope or faee of
the hill.'

EDINBURGH, a. 700, Xennius, 'The Mount Agned' = Welsh
bards' Mynyd Agned (? who was A.) ; but in c. 970, Pict.
Citron., 'Oppidum Eden,' plainly = Dunedin (oppidum
is always the translation of dun in the L. chronicles), "NV.
din eiddt/n, or G. dun cadain, 'fort on the hill slope ' (that
fr. the Castle Rock down to Holyrood). This exactly
suits the case, bun/It being the Eng. for dun : and with this
agrees the Orkney. Sag. spelling c. 1225, Eidiniaborg.
This makes connection with St Edana or Medana, the
Cornish Modwenna, very doubtful, though the form
Medanburgh or Maidenburgh does occur, and we find

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Online LibraryJames B. (James Brown) JohnstonPlace-names of Scotland → online text (page 14 of 26)