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Place-names of Scotland online

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or fr. caol, narrow.

KELVIXIIAUGH (Glasgow). Haugh is Icel. liagi, a pasture
place, flat, and by a river-side.

KEMBACK (Cupar-Fifc). Sic 1517; but 1250, Kenbak.
Prob. = IVINBUCK, ' buck's head ; ' but perh. G. cam
(old camb, cf. CAMERON) achadh, l crooked field.'

KEMNAY (Kintore). Prob. G. ceann na maigli (pron. may),
' head of the plain.'

KENMORE (Aberfeldy). G. ceann mor, big head.

KENXAGEALL, or WHITTEN HEAD (L. Eriboll). G. ceann na
gil (nom. geaT), ' promontory, head of the white mark,'
fr. f/eal, white. White is in O.K. hicit, Sw. hvit, Dan.
livid, Icel. livit-r.

KENNET (Clackmannan). G. ceann ath, ' head of the ford,'
or ferry over the Forth. Cf. Kennetis, name in 1565
of a Ross-shire parish.

KBNNBTHMOKT (Huntly). See KINNETHMONT.

KENNOWAY (Leven). 1250, Kennachyn, -achi ; Aberdeen
Brev., Kennoquy. G. ceann acliaidh(ean}, ' at the head
of the field(s).' "

KEPPOCHIIILL (Glasgow). G. ceapacli, tilled land, fr. ceap,

a turf or turned sod. Cf. Keppach (sic 1662), Applecross.
KERRERA (Oban). Sagas, Kjarbarey ; 1461, Carbery. Prob.

some man, ' Ivjarbar's isle.'
KERRIEMORE (Glenlyon). G. coire mur, ' big glen,' lit.

cauldron. Cf. CORRIE.
KERRYCROY (S. Bute). 1449, Kcrvycroy. Prob. G. coire

crois, ' glen of the cross.' Cf. CROY.
KERRYSDALE (W. Ross-sh.). G. coire, a glen, + X. dal, a

dale, so a tautology.
IVERSE (Grangemouth and Lesmahagow) = CARSE. Cf. Kers-

land Barony, Dairy.
KESSOCK FERRY (Beauly Frith). 1564, Kescheok; 1576,

Kessok. Fr. St Kessog, or ' little Kess,' born of royal

blood at Cashel, died at Luss, L. Lomond. Church at

Auchterarder is dedicated to St Makessog ; see p. cxv,

and cf. Tommachessaig, Callander.



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 145

KETTIXS (Coupar-Angus). Old, Kethynnes, and prob. the
thanage of ' Kathenes,' mentioned in this region in 1264,
which looks as if the same as CAITHNESS ; but as prob.
fr. G. cathanadi, pertaining to soldiers, adjective fr.
cathaclt, a warrior ; with the Eng. plural ,*.

KETTLE, or KINGSKETTLE (Cupar). 1183, Cathel ; a. 1200,
Cattel; 1558, Kettil, Chapel-Kettle. Peril, 'hollow
like a kettle;' O.K. cetel, Icol. Mill. Cf. Kettle-
burgh, Suffolk, and Kettlesing, Leeds. Possibly
Celtic.

KIL(L)ARROW (Islay). Pron. Kilarru, -aril : 1500, Kilmol-
row ; 1511, -morow ; 1518, -marrow; 1061, Killerew.
' Church of St Maolrubha ' (see p. xcvi), m disappearing
by aspiration ; to be distinguished fr. KILMALLOW, Lis-
more. G. till (liil) is really a survival of the old dative
or locative case of ceall, a hermit's cell (L. cella), then
a church, especially a parish church (cf. cinn, see Kix-
ALDIE). The proper form is seen in Loch-nan-ceall,
'loch of tiie churches,' in the west of 3Iull. Barnes in
Kil- often come fr. the G. coil, which means both a
wood and a corner or nook.

KILBARCHAN (Johnstonc). ' Church of St Berchan,' 7th
century.

KILBERRY (Kintyre). Sic 1492; 1531, -berhcth. Prob. fr.
the Irish abbot, St Beraclt.

KILBIRNIE (Beith). 1413, -byrny. Prob. fr. St Brendan.
' Birnie's well' is here. See BIRXIE.

KILBOWIE (Dumbarton), c. 1234, Cullbuth. G. eld l>uidhe,
' yellow back ' (of the hill). Cf. CULDUTIIIL, and Drum-
bo wic, Linlithgow.

KILBRANDON (Oban). ' Church (G. cilT) of St Brendan,' Gth-
century missionary. See BIRXIE.

KILBREXXAX, or -BRANDON, SOUND (Arran). G. caol Brendctin,
'kyle' or 'strait of St Brendan.'

KILBRIDE, East and West (also Arran, Argyle, Dumfries).
East K., c. 1180, Kellebride. Arg. K., 1249, 'Ecclesia
Beati Brigide Virginis in Lorn.' Dumf. K, c. 1300,
Kylebride. Arran K., c. 1400, St Briged Kirk. ' Church
of St Briyit' or Bridget of Kildare, 453-523 A.D.



146 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

KILBUCHO (Biggar). c. 1200, Kclbechoc, Kylbeuhoc; c. 1240,
Kylbevhhoc; 1475,Kilbouchow; 1567, -bocho. 'Church
of St Begha,' female disciple of St Aidan and Abbess
Hilda, 6th century. Same as St Bees, Cumberland ;
and St Bees' well stands near the old church of Kilbucho.

KILCALMONELL (Kintyre). 1247, 'Ecclesia Sti Colmaneli;'
1 327, Kylcolmanel. ' Church of St Colmanela,' friend of
Columba (see COLMONELL). Gaels call the place where
the church used to stand Clachan, i.e., church.

KILCHATTAN (Bute and Colonsay). Bute K., 1449, Killecatan
(c still pron. hard). ' Church of St Chattan ' or Cathan,
an Irish Pictish abbot, and friend of St Columba. Cf.
ARDCHATTAN.

KILCHOMAN (Islay). 1427, Killecomman; 1508, -comane.
Like Kilchoan, prob. fr. St Comgan or Comliyliain,
uncle of St Fillan, c. 750, = the name Cowan.

KILCHREXAN (Dalmally). 1361, Kildachmanan, Ecclesia Sti
Petri Diaconi; 1600, Kilchranan. Curious corruption, =
' church of the Dean ; ' G. dachman or deadhan. Dean
and deacon were often confounded.

KILCHRIST (old name for parish at Muir of Ord, and Strath,
Skye). Strath K., 1505, Kilcrist, Cristiskirk ; 1574,
Kirkchrist. = ' Christchurch.' Of. KILTRINIDAD.

KILCHURN CASTLE (Dalmally). Pron. -hum ; 1432, Kyl-
quhurne. G. caol-a-chuirn, ' straits ' or ' narrows of the
cairn ; ' L. Awe narrows there. Cf. Kilhern, Kew Luce.

KiLc6xQUHAR (Elie). Sic 1461; but 1250, Kilkunekath ; c.
1300, Kalconewauth. Old pron. Kinuchar; 1 G. ceann
uachdair, 'head of the high land;' but perh. fr. G.
cauineachadh, a drying, as of hay.

KILCOY (Killearnan). 1557, Culco\vy; also Culcolly. Prob.
G. cul coille, ' the back of the wood.'

KILCREGGAN (Firth of Clyde). ' Church on the little crag ; '
G. creagan. Old church said to have been here.

KILDA, St (island). Sic 1716. St K. is unknown. Fordun,
c. 1370, calls the isle Irte.

KILDALLOIG (Campbeltown). Prob. G. coil dailoig, ' wood by
the little field.' Aig, oig, or og is a G. diminutive.

KILDALTON (Islay). 1548, -tane. G. coill, 'wood,' or till,
' church,' daltain, ' of the little foster-child or god-child.



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 147

IYILDARY (Invergorclon). G. coill daire, ' wood of oaks.'

IYILDOXAX (Arran, Eigg, Skye, S. Uist, Ross-sh., Sutherland).
Suth. K., c. 1230, Kelduninach ; 1332, Kyldonane.
' Church of St Donan,' friend of Columba, martyred at
Eigg in 617.

KILDROSTAN. ' Church of St Dwstan,' nephew of St
Columba, who dwelt in Glenesk, Eorfar, Avhere
' Droustie's Well ' is. Kildrostan is a name now found
only in Dr Walter Smith's poem. But 'Kildusklan,'
Grig. Paroclt., ii. 40, 44, represents the same man.

KILDRUMMY (Aberdeensh.). Sic c. 1280. G. coil droma,
' wood on the hill-ridge ; ' G. druim, the back, a ridge.

KILDUICH (L. Duich) and KILDUTHIE (Loch of Lays). 'Church
of St Duthac,' died c. 1062 : famed for his miracles.
Of. DUICH.

KILELLAX (Lochalsh). ' Church of St Fillan ' (see FILLAN'S,
St). The / is lost by aspiration. Cf. Gill Fhaelain,
Leinster, in the Martyrology of Donegal.

KILFEATHER (Xew Luce). ' Church of St Peter ; ' G. Plietir
or Pheadair. Cf. Kilphcdre, S. Uist.

KILFINICHEN (Mull). 1561, Keilfeinchen ; c. 1640, Ivilin-
nachan (/ lost by aspiration). Prob. fr. St Findchan,
one of Columba's monks. Perh. fr. St Fincana, virgin,
one of the nine daughters of St Dovenald.

KILFINXAX (Tighnabruaich). c. 1240, Ivillinan, Kylfinnan.
Prob. 'church of St Finnan, of Cunningham, a pupil of
St Patrick ; see KILWIXXIXG. But possibly G. coilf(k)ionn
alliainn, 'wood of the clear stream/ cf. GLEXFIXXAX.

IVILHAM (Coldstream). G. coil, a wood, or till, a church,
+ O.E. ltdm, home, village; also near Hull.

KILKEXZIE (Campbeltown). (1561, Skeirkenze ; G. sgeir, a
rock.) ' Wood ' or ' church of Kenneth ;' G. Coinneach.
Cf. the name Mackenzie.

KILKERRAX (Ayr, and old name of Campbeltown). a. 1250,
Kilchiaran. 'Church of St Kiaran,' founder of Clomuac-
noise Monastery, died 545. Cf. Kilkeran, Islay, and
river Aultkieran, Fort-William.

KILLEAN (Muasdale, and Torosay, Argyle). 1243, Killiean ;
a. 1251, Ecclesia Sancti Johannis; 1545, Killane.



148 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

' Church of St John ; ' G. Jain, Eoin. But Barnean,
Galloway, is fr. G. en, a bird.

KILLEARX (Stirlingsh., and old name of parish in Jura).
Stirl. K, c. 1250, Kynerino ; 1320, Kynherin ; c. 1430,
Killern. Both, with Killcrn, Anwoth, are prob. =
' church of St Kieran,' sec KILKERRAN, the c being
lost by aspiration. Kyn- is, of course, G. ceann, head.

KILLEARNAN (Muir of Ord, and Kildonan, Sutherland).
Muir K., 1569, Kyllarnane. Either fr. St Ernan, uncle
of Columba, or fr. St Ternan, see BANCHORY.

KILLEN (Avoch and Lismore). Avoch K., c. 1340, Killayn.
Either fr. G. Jain, John, or en, a bird. See KILLEAN.

KILLENNAN (Kintyre). ' Church of St Eunan ' or Adamnan,
see p. xcv.

KILLIAN (Strome Ferry). ' Church of John ; ' G. Eoin, or
' wood of the bird,' eun, gen. ebin.

KILLICHRONAN (Mull). In G. coille chrbnain, ' wood of the
low, crooning murmur,' as of bees or a brook ; but
possibly fr. St Cronan, founder of the Irish abbey of
Roscrea, died 6G5.

KILLICRANKIE (Blair Athole). G. coille Chreithnich, 'Avood
of the Picts' or sons of Cruithne. Gaels call K., Catli
raon Ruaraidli, ' battle of Rory's meadow.'

KILLIN (L. Tay, and river and loch, Foyers). Prob. G. cilia
fliionn, 'white church' (cf. Finlarig, close by Loch Tay).
But Perth K. is the burying-place of the Macnabs, and
so may be = Killean, common name for ' burying-place '
the S.W. Ireland.

KILLINTAG (Morvern). 1542, Killindykt. Prob. 'church of
St Findoc,' virgin. On the/, cf. KILELLAN.

KILLISPORT, L. (Knapdale). G. caoilas-port, ' port ' or
'harbour in the narrow sea' or 'straits.' Cf. KTLE(S).

KILLOCHAN (Girvan). Prob. G. coil lochain, ' the wood by
the little loch.'

KILLORAN (Colonsay). 'Church of St Odhran' or 'Oran,'
died 548. Colonsay, not ORANSAY, was sacred to St
Orna.



PLACE-XAMES OF SCOTLAND. 149

KILLYWHAX (Dumfries). ? G. coille Wiainne, ' wood of the
milk.' Cf. Barwhanny, Galloway.

KILMADOCK (Doune). ' Church of St Modoc,' Saint of the
Welsh calendar, a rare thing in Scotland. Moedoc or
Mogue is = Mo-Aedh-oc, ' my dear little Hugh,' and so
is the same as Aidan, i.e., ' little Hugh ; ' cf. p. xcv.

KILMALCOLM (Grecnock). c. 1205, Kilmacolme, i.e., 'church
of my Colm ' or Columba (see p. xcv). The pron.
-makdm is thus the true one. The common pron.
Kil-mal-kom is due to supposed derivation fr. Malcolm.

KILMALLIE (Fort William). 12-96, -malyn ; 1532, -male.
Malyn looks like G. martin, eyebrow (cf. mala, brow of
a hill). But Kilmallie is usually thought = next.

KILMALLOW (Lismore). Pron. -mala ; old, -maluog. Here,
too, come Ivirmaluog, old name of the parishes of Raasay,
and Kilmuir, Skye. ' Church of St Maluog ' or Moluoc,
prob. friend of Columba, and = ' my dear little Leu ' or
St Lupus, same name as in Killalde, Clare (cf. p. xcv).
But Kilmalew (sic 1529), old name of Inveraray, was in
1304 Kylmalduff, i.e., ' church ' or ' wood,' rnaoil duibh,
' of the black, bare rock ' (maoT).

KILMAREE LODGE (Broadford). Prob. ' church of St Maol-

ruLlia.' See MAREE.
KILMARXOCK. Sic c. 1400 ; but 1299, Kelmernoke. ' Church

of St Marnock = Maernanoc, i.e., ' my dear little St

Ernan,' priest, and uncle of St Columba ; see p. xcv.
IVILMARUX (Cupar). 1245, -merone. ' Church of my own

Ron ' or St Konan. Cf. next.
KILMAHOXOCK (Alexandria), and KILMAROXOG (L. Etive).

c. 1325, -merannok ; c. 1330, -maronnok. ' Church .of

Moronoc,' i.e., ' my dear little St Ronan,' Abbot L of

Kingarth, died 737 ; cf. p. xcv.

KILMAROW (Kin tyre). a. 1251, Ecclesia Sancti Marie;

1631, Kilmaro. ' Church of the A r irgin Mary; ' G. Moire

or Mai re.
KILMARTIX (Lochgilphead). ' Church of St Martin ' of Tours,

teacher of St isinian, c. 380.
KILMAURS (Ivilmarnock). c. 1550, Kylmawar. ' Church of

St Mauruz,' French saint, <:. 550.

Q



150 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

KILMAVEONAIG (Blair Atholc). 'Church of my dear little
Eunan ' or Adamnan ; see p. xcv, and cf. ARDEONAIG.

KILMELPORT (Ford, Argyle). Kil- either = G. coil, a wood, or
cill, a church, or caol, straits, narrow inlet. See MELFORD.

KILMENY (N. Fife and Islay). (11th-century MS. in Skene,
Celtic Scotl., i. 387, Cillemuine, i.e., St David's, S.
Wales, or, just possibly, K. in Islay.) 'Church in the
thicket;' G. muine. But Fife K. is, 1250, Kylmanyn,
prob. 'church of ST MOXAN' or Monyn.

KILMICHAEL (Lochgilphcad). ' Church of St Michael,' the
archangel; also in Cromarty in 1535.

KILMODAN (Argyle). Sic 1250. ' Church of St Modan,'
colleague of St Ronan, in 8th century. Old name of
Ardchattan was Balimhaodan.

KILMONIVAIG (Spean Bridge). 1449, -manawik ; r. 1600,
-manevak; 1602, -navag. Pron. now-moneevaig; 'church
of my own little St Naomhan,' the ' Neamhan Mac ua
Duibh ' of the Martyrology of Donegal. The G. and
Ir. naomhan (pron. navan) means ' a little saint.' See
p. xcv.

KILMORACK (Beauly). 1437, -rok. 'Church of St Moroc,'

said to be a Celtic abbot of Dunkeld.
KILMORE (Loth and Lorn). Lorn K., 1304, Kylmoor. ' Big

(G. mur) church,' or = KILMORIE.
KILMORICH (Lochgoilhead). Sir, 1511. Prob. 'church of

St Muredach ' (Murdoch), Bishop of Killala, c. 440.

KILMORIE (Wigtown, Arran, Rum). Arran K., 1357, ' P^cclesia
Sancte Marie de Arane;' 1483, Kilmory. 'Church of
the Virgin Mary ; ' G. Moire. Common in Ireland.

KILMUIR (Skye and E. Ross). Ross K., 1394, Culmor ; 1482,

Culmore. Skye K. is = KILMORE. Ross K. is G. cul

mbr, ' big back ' of the hill.
KILMUN (Holy Loch). Sic c. 1240; c. 1410, Kilmond.

' Church of St Mund.' Fintan Munnu or Mundu was

an Irish friend of St Columba. Cf. St Mund's Church,

Lochleven.
KILXINIAN (Mull), 1561, Kilnoening. Prob., says Skene,

fr. St Nennidhis, friend of St Bridget, 5th century.

Name remodelled after St Ninian of Whithorn.



PLACE-XAMES OF SCOTLAND. 151

KILXINYER (Lorn). 1250, Kyllivinor; 1558, Kylnynvir.
G. till an inbhir, 'church by the confluence.'

KILPATRICK, Old and JSTew (Dumbarton). ' Church of St
Patrick,' who was prob. born near here, c. 410.

KILRAVOCK (Nairn), c. 1286, Ivelrevoch; 1295, Kylravoc.
' Church of St Revoc,' unknown.

KILREXXY (Anstruther). c. 1160, -rinny. Either h.St, Ninian
or Ringctn of Whithorn ; or peril, fr. St Irenceus, Bishop
of Lyons, c. 180, locally called Irenie. St Ir(e)nie's
Well is here. But in 1250 we find Kilretheni, prob. fr.
G. rathain, ferns. Bishop Forbes thinks K. may be fr.
EtJiernan, fuller form of Ernan, the uncle of St Columba.

KILRIMOXT, or CHILRYMOXT (old name of St Andrews).

' Church of the king's mount ; * but in Tighernac, Cind-

rigU-iiwnaigli ( = monaidh), 'head of the king's mount.'
KILRY (Kinghorn and Alyth). Kinghorn K., 1178, Kyllori.

1 G. cille Mkoire, the Virgin ' Mary's church.'
KILSPIXDIE (Errol). 1250, Ivynspinedy. Prob. G. ceann,

cinn spuinneadaire, ' height of the plunderer.'
KILSYTH (Glasgow), -sytli pron. like scythe. 'Church' or

' wood of (prob.) the arrow ;' G. and Ir. saigliead (pron.

syed). Of. Coolsythe, Antrim.
KILTARLITY (Beauly). 1279, Keltalargyn. ' Church of St

Tolorggain or Talarican,' an Irish saint who died in 616.
KILTEARX (Beauly). 1227,Keltierny; 1296,Keltyern. G.ceall

Tiglicarna, ' church of the Lord.' Thus = KILCHRIST.
KILTRINIDAD (1ST. Uist). Sic in Pont's map, c. 1C20; now

Teampul-na-Trianaide, ' church of the Trinity.'
KILVARIE (Muckairn). G. cille Mhaire, the Virgin ' Mary's

church.' Of. KILMORIE.
KILWINNIXG (Ardrossan). 1357, Kylvynnyne. ' Church of

St Vininus ' or Wynnin, an Ulsterman, who crossed

over to Ayrshire ; died 579. His name is also spelt

Finnan, cf. KILFIXXAX.
KIMMERGHAME (Duns). Possibly G. comar, confluence (i.e.,

the meeting of Blackadder and Langton "Waters, cf.

CUMMEUTREES), + O.E. ham, house, village.
KIXALDIE (Aberdeensh.). Kin or cin, older cind, is really a

survival of the old dative or locative of G. ceann (\V.



152 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

penn), head, promontory (cf. Kil ; see KILARROW).
Kinaldie is G. cinn allta/'n, 'the head of tlie little brook.'

KIXBLETHMOXT (Forfar). 1189, Kynblathmund ; 1322,
Kinblaukmounthe. Prob. ' head of the flowery mount '
(G. blatha-monaidh). Form 1322 is a Sassenach's attempt!

IYIXBRACE (Sutherland). G. tinn-a-Wiraiste, 'seat of the wearer
of the brooch' (Lraistich), i.e., the chief of the Gunns.

KINBUCK (Auchterarder). ' Buck's head ;' G. hoc, buic, a
roe-buck. Cf. DRUMVUICH.

KIXCAPLE (St Andrews). 1212, -pel. 'Mare's head;' G.
capull, a mare. Cf. PORTIXCAPLE.

KINCARDINE (county, K. on Forth, and K. O'Xeil, also
lioss-sh., and Boat of Garten). County, 1295, Kynge
Garden. Ross-sh. K., 1227, Kyncardyn; 1536, Kincarn.
K. O'l^eil, 1277, Kincardyn. Prob. G. cinn gairdein,
'head of the arm,' i.e., inlet. K. O'Xeil must be a bor-
rowed, not an original name. The O'Xeils were a royal
Irish family.

KINCLAVEN (Stanley). 1195, -clothing; 1264, Kynclevin.
' Head of the breast ;' G. cliaihahi.

KIXCRAIG (Kingussie and Elie). 'Head of the rock;' G.
creaij, gen. craige.

KINDROCIIIT (Aberdeensh.). 1245, -ocht. 'Head of the
bridge ;' G. drocliaid. Cf. DRUMXADROCHIT, and Kin-
trockat, Brechin, 1574, Kindrokat.

KINFAUNS (Perth), c. 1230, Kynfaunes. 1 Fr. Old G. fan,
a slope, or b(h)an, white, fair.

KINGARTH (Bute). Tighernac, ann. 737, Cindgaradh, 'I.e.,
'head of the enclosure' or 'yard;' 1204, Kengarf;
1497, Kingarth. G. and Ir. yar(r)adh is = M.E. rjarth.

KINGEXNIE (Broughty Ferry). 1473, Kyngenny. ? The old
Kingalteny, which looks as if fr. G. gealltanack, ' maker
of promises ;' if not, prob. ' windy (G. gaothanach) head.'
Cf. GEAXIES, and Bargueney (sir. 1G39), Galloway.

KIXG EDWARD (Banff), a. 1300, Ivynedward, i.e., 'head
or ' height of Edward.'

KIXGHORN (Fife) and KIXGHORXIE CASTLE (Kinneff). Fife
K., c. 1140, Kingornum ; 1280, Kinkorn ; 1317, -gorin;
1G39, -gome. Kinn. K., 1654, Kingorny. G. cinn
chirn (noui. earn), 'head of the horn' or bend or corner.



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 153

In Gaelic c and <j arc so near in sound that they often
interchange in names.

KIXGLASSIE (Leslie). <. 1170, Inner-kinglassin. 'Head of

the green, grassy plain ; ' G. glasanach, Near by is Fin-

glassie fr. G. fiunn, white, clear. Cf. Edinglassie,

Aberdeenshire ; and 129G, 'Petglassi.'

KIXGLEDORES BuRX (Tweed smuir). Prob. G. dun gill dur

(dolhair), ' head of the clear water ' or ' brook.'
KIXGOLDRUM (Kirriemnir). 1454, Kyncaldrum. 'Head of

the thin, narrow ridge ; ' G. caoil druim.
KIXGSBARXS (Grail), KIXGSBURGII (Skye, two -burys in Eng-
land), KIXGSHOUSE (Callander and Tyndruni), KIXGS-
KXOWE (Edinburgh, cf. KXOWE), KIXGSMUIR (Forfar),
KIXGSTON (Glasgow and Banff, twelve in England),
KIXGSWELLS ( Aberdeensh. ).

KIXGSCAVIL (Linlithgow). Perh. erroneously, 1 498, Kincavill.
' King's allotment' or 'share of land;' Dutch kavel, lot,
parcel. Cavel is found, a. 1300, in Cursor M/mdi, 18907.
Cf. 1805, titate, Leslie of Powis, $c., 17 (in Jamieson),
'The Town and Bishop feued out this fishing inshares; six
of them called the King's cavil, six the Bishop's cavil.'
KIXG'S CROSS (Lamlash). 1807, King's Corrs.
KIXGSEAT (Dunfermline) and KIXGSKETTLE (Fife). These
prob. take their names from their proximity to Dunferm-
line and Falkland Palaces respectively. See KETTLE.
KIXGUSSIE. 1380, Kyngucy ; so still pron., or else Kineuzie.

' Head of the firwood ; ' G. guithseacJt, a pine.
KIXIXMOXTH (Mintlaw). G. dim na mouaidh, 'head of the

mount ' or ' hill.'

KIXKELL (St AndreAvs, Aberdeensh., and Cromarty). Crom-
arty K., a. 1300, Kynkell ; c. 1350, Kynkellee. Aber-
deen K., c. 1320, Kingkell. G. ciim-cille, 'head-
church,' having several chapels under it.
KIXLAS (Strath, L. Lomond). ?'Grey' or 'green head;'

G. ylas, the <j lost by aspiration.

KIXLOCII (Lewis, l\um, and Kossie, Fife). Kossie K.,
c. 1270, Kyndelouch, i.e., Old G. cind-a-loclt, 'head of
the loch.'

KlXLOCIIARD, -JJERVIE, -LAGGAX, -LUICIIART, -MOIDART,

-HANXOCII (c. 1532, Kenlochr-), -SPELV(I)E, &c. ; also



154 PLACE-XAMES OF SCOTLAND.

KINGAIRLOCH. = ' Head of Loch Ard,' &c. See ARD,
BERVIE, &c.

KINLOSS (Moray). 1187, Kynloss; 1251, Kinlos. Prob.
' head of the garden ; ' G. h'os.

KINMUCK (Inverurie). ' Sow's head ; ' G. muc, muic, a pig.

Cf. KlNBUCK, KlNCAPLE, &C.

KINMUNDY (Aberdeensh.). a. 1300, Kynmondy. 'Head of
the mount' or 'hill;' G. monad h, -aidh.

KINNABER (Montrose). c. 1200, Kinabyre ; 1325, Kynn-
aber. ' Head of the estuary ; ' G. abhir.

KINNAIRD (Dundee and Larbcrt). Dundee K., 1183,
Kinard. 'Head of the height;' G. ami, or 'high point ; '
dird, adjective. ' Kinnaird Head ' is thus a tautology.

KINNEFF (Kincardine). Sic, 1361. Perh. G. clnn eibhe,
' headland of the cry or howl.'

KINNEIL (Bo'ness). 1250, Ivinel. JJede, c. 720, speaks of
a Pennel-iun at the end of the Roman Wall which the
Picts called Peanfaliel, or, modernised, penn-vael, W.
for 'head' or 'end of the wall,' = ' Wallscnd.' The
addition to Xennius calls this Cenail, the same word,
only now passed fr. Brythonic to Goidelic.

KINNEIR (Fife), c. 1200, Kyner. 'West head' or 'height:'
G. tar, the west. Cf. KIXXOIR.

KINXELL (Arbroath). Prob. ' head of the wall : ' G. balla
(cf. KINNEIL) ; b disappears by aspiration.

KINXELLAR (Aberdeensh.). Prob. 'head' or 'end of the
high Avail ; ' G. aird, high. See above.

KINNESSWOOD (Fife). 'Wood at the head of the waterfall;'
G. tinn eas.

KINNETHMONT (Huntly). c. 1203, Kelalcimmd; a. 1300,
Kynalchmond, -akemond ; c. 1550, -alehmund. The
modern spelling, Kennethmont, is due to association with
Kenneth. Perh. ' church ' or ' height of a StAlcmund.'

KINNETTLES (Forfar). f. 1226, Kynetles ; 1296, Kynathes.
Prob. ' head ' or ' height of the glimpse, passing view,'
or ' breeze ; ' G. aiteal, -tell, with Kng. plural s. The
form Kynecles (see ECCLES) also occurs, because a church
once stood at the head of the Kerbet Valley.



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 155

KINNING PARK (Glasgow).

KINNOIR (Huntly). Prob. ' east head ' or ' point ; ' G. oir,
east; also 'a border, edge.' Cf. KINNEIR.

Kixxoi'LL (Perth). 1250, Kynul. Prob. G. cinn mliaol,
' bald, bare head ; ' m lost by aspiration.

KIXPURXIE (Xewtyle). ' Head ' or ' chief spring, fountain ;'

G. fuaran, -ain.
KIXRARA (Aviemore). 1338, Kinrorayth. Prob. G. cinn

r/taitUi rntha, ' head ' or ' height of the red fort ' (cf.

Craiganra, Kildonan). Ruad/t, red, is generally found

in names as Roy.
KINROSS. ' Head ' or 'end of the wood,' for 'wood,' not

' promontory,' is here the meaning of the Celtic ros.

KIXROSSIE (Scone). = KINROSS. For the diminutive suffix
-ie, cf. KOSSIE and RHYXIE.

KINTAIL '(L. Duich). 1509, Keantalle ; 1535, Kyntaill ;
1574, Kintale. G. cennn futile or cinn fs/}il, 'head'
or ' end of the salt Avateiv Cf. p. xxxvii.

IVINTESSACK (Forres). Peril. ( 1. cinn feasaiye, ' squirrel's
head.' Cf. KIXBUCK, KIXMUCK, c.

KINTORE (Inverurie). 1273, Kyntor. 'Head of the hill' or
' mound ; ' G. tbrr^ -ra.

KIXTRADAVELL (Brora). a. 1500, Clyntraddel; 1509, Clen-
tredaill : 1563, Clyntredwane. Fine example of corrup-
tion or popular etymology; G. claon Tradail, 'slope of
StTriduana,' locally pron. Trullen, in Saya*, Trollhsena,
who lived ?. 600." Cf. St Trodline's Fair, Forfar ;
also CLYXE, near by.

KIXTVRE (8. Argyle). Ulst. Ann., ann. 807, Ciunntire :
1128, KentiV; Welsh lards, Pentir. ' Head ' or 'end
of the land ;' (T. tir, tire.

KIPPEX (Stirling). G. ceapan, dimiu. of ceap, a stump or
block.

IVIPPEXDAVIE (Dunblane). Prob. 'hillock (lit. little stump)
of the field-sorrel;' G. fsamliaidli (jiron. tavie). Cf.
Auchindavy, Kirkintilloch, and Knockdavie, Kells.

KIPPEXROSS (Dunblane). G. ceapan roi*, ' hillock of the
wood.' See KIPPEX and KINROSS.



156 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

KIPPFORD (Dalbeattie). Fr. G. and Ir. ceap, gen. dp, a
tree-stock or stump. Cf. Makeness Kipps, a hill near
Eddleston.

KIRKABY (Unst) and KIRKAPOL (old name of Tyree parish).
Tyr. K. (11375, Kerrepol ; G. coire, a hollow), 1561,
Kirkapost ( = Kirkbost ; see on bolstafir, a place, p. Ixiv) ;
1599, Kirkcapol. ' Church-place,' both by or bi, and
pol or bol, being common Scandinavian endings = place,
building, village (cf. Kirkebo on the Sogne Fjord).
Church, in its hardened northern form kirk, is the
Gk. KvpiaKov, lit. ' of the Lord ' (Kv^ios), ' Dominical,'
used c. 280 A.D. as the name for ' a Christian church.'
Found in O.E. in Laws of King Wihtraed, 696 A.D., as
cirice; in 870 as circe ; in a will of 960, kirke; c. 1175,
chirche; a. 1280, cliurclie. In Sc. place-names are
found, a. 1124, SelecJiirche or SELKIRK; 1220, Hope-
cliirke or HOBKIRK, &c. In O.X. it is kirkiu or -z',
Icyrkja, Dan. kirke. Xot in any Celtic dictionary ; yet
kirk occurs in several Gaelic place-names as early as 1 200.
Kirkaby is the same word as the common Eng. Kirby.

KIRKANDREWS (Liddesdale). 1295, -andres. Cf. ST ANDREWS.

KIRKBANK (Roxburgh), KIRKDEN (Forfar, see DEAN), KIRK-
FIELDBANK (Lanark), KIRKHILL (Inverness and Peni-


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