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Place-names of Scotland online

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LINTRATHEN (Kirriemuir). 1250, Lumtrethyn ; 1433, Lun-
trethin. G. Ion, 'meadow,' or G. linne (or "W. llyri)
fratJiain, 'pool in the ferny spot.'

LINWOOD (Paisley). W. llijn, a pool, + wood, O.E. wudu.

LISMORE (N. of Oban). a. 1100, Tighernac, aim. 611,
Lesmoir; 1251, Lesmor; 1549, Lisnioir. G. lios mor,
'big garden,' the island is so fertile. Lios is lit. the
ground within a lios, i.e., a wall, often a rampart.

LISSA (Mull). Corruption of O.N". lax-d, ' salmon-river.' Cf.
LACHSAY, LAXA.

LITTLE FERRY (Dornoch). In G. Port Beag. Almost the
only ' Little ' in Scotland, although they are so common
in England.

LIVINGSTONE (Midcaldcr). 1250, Leuinistun; 1297, Levynge-
stone. ' Abode of Leving ' or Levyn, an early Saxon

settler.

LOANHEAD (Edinburgh). Loan is Sc. for ' a country lane '
(see LANGLOAN). Cf. Loans, Troon.

LOCIIABER (district, S. \V. Inverness) and Locn LOCIIABER
(Troqueer). a. 700, Adamnan, Stagnum (i.e., standing
water, swamp, pool) Aporum ; 1297, Lochabor; 1309,
-abre. ' Loch at the river-mouth ; ' G. abliir, see p. xxvii.

LOCHALSII (W. Inverness). 1449, -alche; 1472, -alch. Perh.
fr. Sw. elf/, an elk, cf. GLENELG, near by ; or possibly f r.
G. aillsc, a fairy.

LOCIIANIIEAD (Dumfries). G. Indian, diminutive of loch,
'a lakelet.' Of. Lochans, Stranraer.

LOCIIARBRIGGS (Dumfries). Lochar Water is possibly fr. the
same man's name as LOCKERBIE ; but more likely G. Inch
aird, ' loch of the height.' Sc. brig is O.E. Iricfj, a bridge.



170 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

LOCHBUIE (Mull). 1478, -bowe ; 1549, -buy. G. buidhc,
' yellow, golden.' Cf. KILBOWIE and Stronbuy.

LOCHBURX(IE) (Glasgow). Burnie is diminutive of Sc. burn,
O.E. burna, a stream, rivulet.

LOCHEE (Dundee). Perh. fr. G. iodh, corn. Cf. TIREE.

LOCHEIL (Fort William). 1528, -iell. Prob. fr. G. idl, a gleam

of sunshine.
LOCHEND (Edinburgh and Dumfries). Prob. fr. G. can, a bird ;

on the d, see p. xxxvii. But cf. Lochfoot, also in Dum-
fries.
LOCHGAIR (Inveraray). =GAIRLOCH. ' Short loch ;' G. gean\

short.
LOCHGELLY (Dunfermline). G. geal, yile, clear, white. Cf.

Innergelly, see ABERGELDIE.
LOCHGILPHEAD (Argyle). Gilp is prob. G. yilb, a chisel, from

its shape.

LOCHGOIL, -INVER, &c. See GOIL, INVER, &c.
LOCHINVAR (Dairy, Kirkcudbright). 1578, -inwar ; 1639,

Louchinvar. G. lochan-a-bJtarra, 'lochlet of the height. 7
LOCHLEE (Brechin). G. liath, grey, pale; or llomh, smooth.
LOCHLUICHART (Ross-sh.). G. lucliciirt, a castle ; or Itiachair,

rushes.
LOCHMABEX (Dumfries). 11G6, Locmaban ; 1298, Logh-

maban ; c. 1320, Lochmalban ; 1502, -mabane. 'Loch

of the bare hill ; ' G. maol beinn. Cf. MULBEK.
LOCHMADDY. Fr. G. madadli, a wolf, Avild dog. Cf. POL-

HADIE.

LOCHNAG^R (Aberdeen). ' Loch of the enclosure, dyke,

mound, garden;' G. yaradli.

LOCHORE (Lochgelly). Fr. G. odliar (pron. owr), grey.
LOCHRUTTON (Kirkcudbright), a. 1300, Logh roieton. Prob.

G. loch ruadlt, ' red, ruddy loch,' +-ton; butr/ p. Ixxv
LOCHS (Lewis), c. 1620, Loghur, which is prob. G. loch

chur, ' loch of the turn or bend ' (cor). Cf. STRACHUR.
LOCHWINNOCH (Beith). 1158, Lochynoc (which is very

like the local pron. still); a. 1207, -winnoc ; 1710,

-whinyeoch. Fr. St Winnoc, diminutive of Wynnin,

died 579 ; see KILWIXNING.



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 171

LOCIIY, R. and L. (Inverness), a. 700, Adamnan, Lacus
Lochdiae ; 1472, Locha ; 149G, Loquhy ; prob., too,
= Nigra Dea in Adamnan; if so, it is the O.Ir. Ibcli,
black, + de<i, a river-name in Ireland ; or, as its modem
G. spelling is Loci i aid, the second syllable may be G.
and Ir. ac/iadh, a field.

LOCKERBIE (Dumfries). ' Loker's dwelling ' or ' village ; '
Dan. lii, lii/ (cf. p. Ixiii). Also cf. Lockerley, Eomsey,
and Lokeren, Belgium.

LOGAX, Port (Wigtown). Prob. = LAGGAX ; G. lagan, a
little hollow. Cf. LOGIE.

LOGIE (Bridge of Allan and Cnpar), LOGIEALMOXD (Perth,
see ALMOXD), LOGIE BUCHAX, LOGIE COLDSTOXE (Aber-
deensh.), LOGIE EASTER (Ross-sh.), LOGIE PERT (Mon-
trose). More than one of above, c. 1210, Logyn, i.e.,
G. lagan, a little hollow ; or lag, 1nig, a hollow den,
with Eng. diminutive suffix -/<?, found as early as 1270,
'Logy,' i.e., Logic Easter, and a. 1300, 'Logy' in
Buchan. On Pert, cf. PERTH.

LOGIERAIT (Ballinluig). c. 1200, Rate, Rath. G. lagan
raifJi, ' little hollow with the fort, rampart,' or ' circle.'

LOGIERIEVE (Ellon). ? G. lagan riabaulh, ' little hollow of
the rent' or ' fissure.'

LOMOXD, L. and Ben, and LOMOXD HILLS (Fife), c. 1225,
Lochlomne. Prob. G. ImmJ/na or leamlian, an elm.
Cf. LEVEX. On the d, see p. xxxvii.

LOXG, L. (Firth of Clyde). Thought to be Ptolemy's
(<'. 120 A.D.) L. Lemannonius : if so, = LEVEX and
LOMOXD, ' loch of the elms' (G. learnJia/t). But in 1776
it is Loung, which is G. long, luing, a ship. Cf. LUIXG.

LOXGFORGAX (Dundee), c. 1160, Forgrund ; 1461, Lang-
forgend ; ImtAda Sandonun, Lanfortin, where Ian must
mean 'church' (see LAMLASH). A church is said to
have been built here, a. 500, by St Monenna or ^ledana.
For- may be Old G. futlth; ' bit of land' (see FETTER-
AXGUS) ; but the whole name is perplexing.

LOXGFORMACUS (Duns). ? G. lann fotltir Maccus, ' church
on the land of ^iaccus,' who lived hereabouts c. 1150.
See MAXTOX, &c., and cf. LOXGFORGAX.



172 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

LONGHAVEN (Ellon), LONGHOPE (Stromness ; Icel. h6p, a
refuge, see HOBKIRK), LONGMANHILL (Banff), LONGRIGG-
END (Airdrie, cf. p. Ixi), LONGSIDE (Aberdeen).

LONGMORN (Elgin). Perh. popular corruption of G. Ion mor
abhainn or an, ' big meadow by the river.'

LONMAY (Aberdeensli.). a. 1300, Lunme; c. 1445, Lymaij ;
a. 1500, Lummey. G. Ion maiyh, ' marsh ' or ' meadow
in the plain.' Cf. CAMBUS o' MAY.

LORN (Argyle). a. 1300, Loren. Fr. Loam, first king of

the Scots in Dalriada, c. 500 A.D.
LOSKIN, L. (Dunoon). G. losyann, a frog.

LOSSIE, R. (Elgin), and LOSSIEMOUTH. If this be Ptolemy's
Loxa, it cannot be O.iS 1 ". lax-ri, 'salmon-river' (cf.
LAXAY). Perh. fr. G. las, to be angry, sparkle, shine.

LOTH (Brora). 1565, Lothe. Prob. G. /athach, clay, mud,
or rather, fine alluvial soil, such as is here ; so Dr Joass,
Golspie.

LOTHIAN, East, West, and Mid. c. 730, Bede, re aim. 654,
Regio Loidis (Loidis in Bede also means LEEDS) ; c.
970, Pid. Chron., Loonia ; c. 1120, O.E.chron., Lothene ;
1158, 'in Loeneis;' a. 1 200, Ailred Laudonia ; c. 1245,
Laodinia ; c. 1600, Lawdien. Possibly, like LOTH, con-
nected with G. lal(h}an or lathach, mire, clay, alluvinl
soil; possibly fr. O.E. lead, a prince, or leoda, people.

LdTHRiE BURN (Leslie). 1250, Lochris; 1294, -ry. Perh.
G. loch reisg, ' loch Avith the rushes.'

LOUDOUN (Kilmarnock). ?G. lachdunn, dun, tawny. Found
as an Ayrshire surname f r. 1 4th century.

LOVAT (Beauly). Pron. Luvat. 1294, Lovet. Perh. G.
lolht, lolhta, ' a loft, high floor ; ' or luibh-aitc, ' herb-
place,' district abounding in plants.

LOWER CABRACH, LOWER LARGO, &c. See CABRACH, LARGO, &c.

LOWES, L. of (St Mary's L.). The w is pron. as in 'how.'
Prob. Dan. lav, Icel. Idg-r, M.E. law, low. Cf. Lowes-
water.

LOWLANDS. Apparently quite modern. Cf. 1691, Petty,
Pollt. Arithmetic, iv. 69, 'the Low-land of Scotland.' In
G. called Galldaclid, or ' stranger-dom,' as opposed to



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 173

Gaelt acini, Gael-dom, ' the Highlands ; also called Macha/r,

' the plain.'
LOWTHER HILLS (Dumfries). Cf. LAUDER, and Lowther

2s"ewtown, Penrith.
Low WATERS (Hamilton).
LOY GLEN (Fort William). Really Gloy. G. (/loath, noise,

fr. the high sound the wind makes here.
LOYXE, R. and L. (L. Garry). Fr. G. lonn, loinn, variant

of lann, enclosure, church, or fr. loinneacli, beautiful,

bright.
LUBXAIG, L. (Callander). Prob. named from its shape ; fr.

G. lub, bend, curve, with double diminutive an and aiy.
LUCE, Old and Xew (Wigtown). 1461, Glenhis. Perh. same

as Ptolemy's Awo-i/fra. Possibly G. lus, an herb, plant ;

but Dunluce, Portrush, is Ir. dun llos, ' strong fort.'
LUFFXESS (Aberlady). 1180, Luff enac ; c. 1250, Luff enauch.

Prob. G. leth-pher/mn-aclutdh, ' halfpenny field ' (cf.

LEFFENBEG). Or, as Luflhess stands in a bay, not on a

ness, fr. G. lub(/i)ain-achadh, ' field at the little bend or

curve of the shore.'
LUGAR, R. (Auchinleck). Accent on the Lu- ; so prob. G.

lull- gdrad/i, ' enclosure, garden at the bend ' or ' curve.'
LUGGIE WATER (Cumbernauld). Perh. G. lur/lia, 'the lesser'

stream ; but cf. next. Sc. luyyie is a little dish, plate.
LUGTOX (Xeilston). Prob. 'village in the hollow;' G. and

Ir. lag, Avhich in the south and west of Ireland i*

always lug, e.g., Lugdu.fi, Wicklow, &c. Bute/". UUBTOX.
LUIB (Killin). G. lab, lull, a bend, curve, angle.
LUIXG ISLAND (S. of Oban). G. louy, lidn<j(e), a ship. Cf.

Portnaluing, opposite lona, Adamnan's ' Lunge.'
LUJIGAIR (Kinneff). c. 1220, Lunkyrr ; 1651, Lumger ;

also Lonkyir. Prob. G. Ion </earr, 'short meadow.'

The letters i: or U and <j often interchange.
LUMPHANAN (]NIar) and LUMPHIXNAX (Dunfermline). Mar

L., a. 1100, TigJiernac, and also a. 1300, Lumfanan.

G. lann Finan, ' church of St Finaii ' or Wynnin, see

KILWIXNIXG. Cf. LAMLASH, and Llanfinan, Anglesea.
LUMSDEX (Alford). (Surname spelt 'Lumisdean,' 142-t;

'Loummysden,' 1431.)



174 PLACE-XAMES OF SCOTLAND.

LUMWHAT (Auchtermuchty). Prob. G. Ion chatt, 'meadow/
or ' morass of the wild cat.' Of. ALWIIAT.

LUNAN BAY (Montrose). Sic 1250. G. lunnan, waves.

LUNCARTY (Perth). Perh. 1250, Lumphortyn (Chartul. St
Andi:), which looks like G. Ion fort am, 'meadow of
fortune, luck;' but 1461, Longardi, prob. 'meadow of
justice ; ' G. ceartas, -tais, Scone palace being near by.
Cf. 1564, ' Luncartis in Glentilth.'

LUNDIE (Dundee). Perh. = next.

LUNDIN LINKS (Leven). c. 1200, Lundin. The family of
De Lundin, found in Fife in the 12th century, were the
king's hereditary hostiarn or doorkeepers, hence the
name they took, Durward = ' doorward.'

LUNNA and LUNNASTING (Shetland). Lunna is perh. Icel.
lundra, a grove, common in place-names; or(fr. its sxip-
posed shape) fr. lunfja, a lung. Tiny is O.X. ]>iny,
meeting, assembly. Cf. TIXGWALL.

LURG HILL (Cullcn). G. learrj, sometimes pron. lurg, 'a little
hill, a beaten path.' Cf. LAIRG and PITLURG.

Luss (L. Lomond). Sic c. 1250. Prob. G. lus, 'an herb,
plant.' Cf. CRUACH LUSSA.

LUSSA (Mull). Said not to be = Luss, but corruption of O.N.
lax-d, salmon-river. Cf. LAXA.

LUTHERMUIR (Laurencekirk). The name Lutliir is frequent in
Old Ir. MSS. Muir is Sc. for moor, O.E. and Icel. mor.

LUTHRIE (Cupar). Perh. G. ludraigeadh, a bespattering with
foul water. Cf. LOTHRIE.

LYBSTER (Wick). The ij pron. as in lyre; 1538, Libister.
Prob. hlie-bister, ' shelter-place,' or harbour ; bister is
corruption of ]S T . bolfitaftr, a place (see p. Ixiv, and cf.
Bilbster). Also see LEE.

LYXE WATER (Peebles). c. 1190, Lyn ; r. 1210, Line.
Corn, lin, W. llijn, a pool, a ' linn,' a stream.

LYNTURK (Alford). G. linne (or W. Uyn) him; pool of the
wild boar (tore).

LYNWILG (Aviemore). G. linne (or W. Hyn} f/uilce, ' pool ' or
'loch with the rushes,' G. giolc; hence the name ' Wilkie.'



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 175

LYOX, E. (Pcrthsh.). Sec GLEXLYOX. The Irish Lyons are
fr. the tribe O'LtatJiain, and the name O'Lehane is still
found.

M

MACBIE HILL (Dolphinton). ' Coldcoat ' was bought by
\Vm. Montgomery in 1712, and named by him after
Macbeth or Macbie Hill, Ayrshire.

MACDUFF (Banff). From the clan Macduff.

MACIIAR, Old and XCAV (Aberdeen), a. 1300, 'Ecclesia
beati Sti Machorii.' Machor was a disciple of St
Columba.

MACIIRAHAXISH (Campbeltown). G. marjli radian, 'thin,' or
'shallow plain' or links, + X. nislt or nc^, ness, cape
(cf. ARDALAXJSH). The root of mayh is prob. may,
'the palm of the hand.'

MACMEKRY (Haddington). Perh. G. mayli mire, 'plain of
the merry ' or ' Avanton one ' (r/iear). Merry is a Sc.
surname.

MADDERTY (Crieff). a. 1100, Tiylicrnuc, aim. GG9, Mad-
derdyn. Prob. G. rneadnir dan, 'hill like a little
pail ' or 'circular wooden, dish.'

MADDISTOX (Polmont). Prob. G. madadli, -aidli, wolf, wild
dog, +-toit (see pp. Ixxiv, Ixxv). Harold, son of the Earl
of Athole, in 12th century, was called 'Maddadson.'

MAESIIOW (Stennis). A famous chambered cairn. Saga,
Orkahaug, i.e., 'mighty cairn,' and kuic is just a cor-
ruption of liaiiy. Cf. CYDERIIALL.

MAGBY (Ayr). Prob. G. mai/li, a plain, + Dan. M, by,
dwelling, village, town.

MAGDALEN GREEX (Dundee).

MAGGIKXOCKATER (DuiFtown). Looks like G. magcich cnnc-a-
tirc, 'hill (cnoc) with many arable fields on the land.'

MAIIATCK, L. (Doune). Perh. G. ma fliaitclie, 'my green
field,'/' lost by aspiration.

MAIDENHEAD, I>. (Wigtown). Prob. a corruption, in this wanton
county, of O.E. meddan A//'S, 'middle port' or 'Hythe.'



176 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

MAIDEN PAP (hill, Caithness and Colvend). Named fr. their
shape. The Maidens is the name of rocks on the west
of Skye, and near Kirkoswald.

MAINLAND (Orkney and Shetland). Both, in Sagas, Megin-
land,. i.e., mainland, 'continent.' Icel. megin means
' might ' or ' the main part.'

MAINS (Dundee, &c.) and MAINSRIDDELL (Dumfries). Com-
mon name of a farm-steading, or little group of houses, or
a country-house ; same root as manse, L. maneo, mansum,
to remain. Riddell, of course, gives the owner's name.

MAKERSTON (Kelso). 1250, Malkaruistun ; 1298, Malcaris-
tona. ' Malcar's tun ' or ' hamlet.'

MALSAY (Shetland). Prob. ' isle (/>, a) of the stipulation '
or 'agreement;' Icel. mdl.

MAMBEG (Gareloch). G. mam leg, ' little round hill ' like a

breast ; L. mamma.
MAMORE FOREST (Lochaber). c. 1310, Maymer; 1502,

Mawmor; 1504, Mammore. G. magli mar, 'big plain.'

MANISII (Harris). May be G. maglt, a plain, + X. nisli or
nws, a ness, promontory.

MANXOFIELD (Aberdeen).

MANOR (Peebles). 1186, Maineurc; 1323, Mener. Prob.
O.Fr. memoir, -eir, -er, land belonging to ' the lord of the
manor. 3 Manor was the Norman name for township.
'Villas quasa manendo manerios vulgo vocamus,'
Ordericus Yitalis, c. 1141. May be G. mainnir, a
cattle-pen; and cf. Manorbier and Manordilo, Wales.
The local pron. is Msener.

MANOR SWARE (Peebles). O.E. swcer, neck or pass on the
top of a mountain, a col.

MANUEL (Polmont). Sic 1296; 1301, Manewell. Prob. ^Y.
maen, a stone, + Fr. mile, township (cf. BOTHWELL,
MAXWELL ; also cf. SLAMANNAN, which is to the south of
this). No proof that it is a contraction from Immanuel.

MAR (Aberdeensh.). 1 165, Marr. Possibly G. mcar or incur,
a bough, branch, branch of a river.

MARCHMONT (Duns). 1461, Marchemond. ' Hill (G. monadh,
and cf. Fr. mont) at the march or border.' The name



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 177

Marjoribanks, found hereabouts, is pron. Marchbauks.
This may have a similar origin.

MAREE, L. (Eoss-sh.). 1633, Maroy. i\ T ot fr. Virgin Mary,
hut from 8t Maelrublia, who arrived in this district fr.
Eangor, Ireland, in 671 ; see p. xcvi.

MARGARET'S, St (Edinburgh), and ST MARGARET'S HOPE
(Queensferry and Orkney). Prol). both called after
Queen Margaret, Saxon wife of Malcolm Canmore, died
1093. On ]ioj_>e, i.e., haven, refuge, see HOBKIRK.

MARKINCH (Fife), a. 1200, Marcinche, Marchinge. Prob.
G. marc-innis, 'Horse's inch' or 'pasture ground.' Of.
INCH, also river Mark, Edzell.

MARNOCII (Huntly). Possibly G. mear-an-acJiaidh, 'branch,
outlier of the field' or 'plain.' Cf. DORNOCII.

MARTIN'S, St (Scone). After Martin of Tours, teacher of St
Gillian of Whithorn, c. 380 A.D.

MARY'S LOCH, St (Selkirk), ST MARY'S HOLM (Orkney ; see

HOLM). Fr. Mary the Virgin.
MARYBURGH (DingAvall). Fr. Mary, wife of William III.,

died 1694. Also old name of Fort William.

MARYCULTER (see COULTER), MARYDALE, MARYHILL (Glasgow),
MARYKIRK (Laurencckirk), MARYPARK (Ballindalloch),
MARYWELL (Aboyne ; cf. MOTHERWELL and LADYWELL).
Fr. Mary the Virgin, or otherwise.

MARYTON (Montrose). a. 1220, Maringtun ; c. 1600, Mariton.
Pcrh. not fr. Mary, but from the name of some man.

MASTERTON (Dunfermline). Also used as a surname. Cf.

ton, p. Ixx.
MAUCHLINE (Kilmarnock). c. 1130, Machline ; c. 1200,

Mauchlyn. Prob. G. rnayli llnne (or W. llyri), 'plain

of the pool.' Cf. Maghline, Ulster.
MAUD (Xew Deer). Prob. G. maodh, soft, moistened. Hardly

= the Sc. maud, a plaid.
MAULDSLIE (Lanark). Old, Maldisley. Prob. fr. some man ;

perh. fr. O.E. iitolde, Dan. muld, earth, mould, + let*, lea,

a meadow, pasture-land, O.E. ledli.
MAVEN, -VINE, ^orth (Shetland).
MAVISBANK (Polton). Mavis is Sc. for thrush, Fr. mauvlt-;



178 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

Span, malvis, but thought to be originally Celtic (cf.
Armorican milvid, a thrush). The G. for ' thrush ' is
smebrach.

MAWCAHSB (Kinross). Prob. a tautology ; G. mayli, a plain,
+ CAUSE.

MAWKINHILL (Greenock). Mauldn is Sc. for a hare (cf. the
G. maigheach), also spelt median. This last in Eng. is
a variant of Moll-ldn, ' little Mary,' used for a wench, or
a scarecrow.

MAXPOFFLE (St Boswell's). 1317, -poffil. Fr. Maccus (see
next) + ? G. Loth, house, + Norman ville, house, township
(cf. BOTHWELL). This is simply a conjecture ; but on p
and b, cf. p. xxvi.

MAXTOX (St Boswell's). 1165-1214, Mackustun, -istun,
Maxtoun; c. 1240, Makestun. Fr. a man, Maccus, men-
tioned in Chartul. Melrose, c. 1144. Cf. ton, p. Ixx.

MAXWELLTOWN (Dumfries). Tautology ; = Maccus' ville + ton,
ville being the Norman for ton, ham, or township (see
p. Ixxxii, and cf. BOTHWELL). The surname is found c..
1190 as Maxwell; 1290, Macswelle; a. 1300, Maxeuell.

MAY, Isle of (Firth of Forth), c. 1225, Orkney. Say.,
Maeyar; c. 1272, ' Prioratus de May.' Prob. fr. Icel.
md-r, a gull ; cf. Icel. md-yrund, sea-mews' haunt. The
-eyar means 'isle.'

MAYBOLE. 1522, Mayboile. Old G. mayh baoil, ' plain with
the water ; ' or peril, fr. baoyhal, -ail, danger.

MAYFIELD (Edinburgh). Cf. 'Mayflower.'

MEADOWFIELD (Airdrie).

MEALFOURVOUNIE (L. Ness). G. meall-fuar-a-bhuinne, 'cold
hill of the cataract.' Of hills called Meall (lit. a lump
or boss) Sutherland is full Meall Garve, Horn, &c.

MEALLANT'SUIDHE. G. = ' hill of the seat ; ' it is a part of
Ben Nevis.

MEAIINS (Kincardine), a. 1200, Moerne, Avhich is supposed
to be G. magli Chirchinn, 'plain of Circinn,' one of the
seven sons of the legendary Cruithne, father of all
the Picts. All the gutturals must have been lost by
aspiration. Cf. MOY.

MEAHXS (Glasgow). Sic c. 1160; 1178, Meorns; 1188,



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 179

Mernis. Prob. G. mayli eorna, 'field' or 'plain of barley;'
also cf. above. The s is the common Eng. plural.

MBGGAT WATER (St Mary's L.). c. 1200, -gete. ?G.
meic/ead, the cry of a kid.

MEIGLE (Newtyle). 1183, Miggil; 1296, Miggyl; also Mig-
dele. Prob. fr. G. meigeaUaich, meigeadaicli, or meigh-
lich, bleating.

MEIKLE EAKNOOK (Hamilton, see EARNOCK), MEIKLE FERRY
(Dornoch), &c. Sc. meikle, muclde, O.E. micel, mycel,
great, large.

MEIKLEOUR (Coupar Angus). Prob. G. magli coill odhair
(pron. owr), ' plain of the grey wood ' (cf. the form
Meorne, s.v. MEARNS). The spelling has been conformed
to a ' kent ' word.

MELDRUM, Old and Xew (Aberdeen). 1330, Melgdruni.
Prob. G. meilleacli druim, ' bulging hill-ridge,' lit. one
having swollen cheeks ; but cf. also ABERMILK. The
Irish Meeldrum is fr. G. and Ir. maol, bare.

MELFORD, or -FORT, L. (Lorn). 1403, Milferth. Either
G. maol, bare, or Icel. mel-r, a sand-dune covered with
bent, a sand-bank, + N". fjord, a firth or bay. Cf.
BROADFORD, EISHORT, &c., also MELVICH.

MELNESS (Tongue). 1546, Melleness. On Mel-, see above ;
ness is iS T . nces, lit. a nose.

MELROSE. c. 730, Sede, Mailros. Celtic maol ros, ' bare
moor ; ' ros here is not the G. ros, a promontory, but
rather Corn, ros, a moor.

MELVICH (Keay). Mel- (see MELFORD) + !N~. vili, a bay.

MELVILLE (Lasswade and Ladybank) and MOUNT MELVILLE
(St. Andrews). Fr. a Xorman family. 'Galfred de Mel-
ville ' : is found in Lothian in 1153 ; and a ' Philippus
de Malavilla,' c. 1230-50. L. mala villa, Fr. mal v/'lle,
means 'bad township.' Bonville also is a Scottish
surname.

MEMSIE (Fraserburgh). Perh. G. mam sith, ' little, breast-like

hill.' Cf. CAMPSIE and MAMBEG.
1 But in Scotland till recently Melville was constantly confounded

with the radically different name Melvin. In his nephew's Latin

letters the great Andrew Melville is always ' Melvinns;' and old

charters often have ' Melin ' or 'Meling'for the surname Melville.

Cf, DUNFERMLINE and STIRLING.



180 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

MEMUS (Kirriemuir).

MENMUIB (Brechin). c. 1280, Menmoreth. Puzzling; perh.

Corn, men, W. maen, a stone, or 1 G. mean, little, + Sc.

iimir, O.E. and Icel. mor, a moor.
MEXSTRIE (Alloa). 1263, Mestreth. Prob. G. maijh sratha,

' plain of the strath ' of the Forth (cf. MEIKLEOUR). G.

meas means fruit.
MERCHISTON (Edinburgh and Falkirk). Edinb. M., 1494,

Merchanistoun, which looks like ' merchant's abode,'

but more prob. fr. Murcha, G. for Murdoch or Murchy,

as in M 'Murchy. Muirchu occurs as an Irish name in

the 7th century.

MERSE (Bcrwicksh. and Twynholm). Perh. O.E. mearsc, a
marsh. The former might well be ' land on the march '
or borders of England ; O.E. rnearc, Fr. marche.

MERTOUX (St. Boswell's). 1250, Meritun. O.E. mere-tiin,
'dwelling by the mere ' or ' lake.' Cf. Merton, ~N. Devon.

METHIL (Leven). 1250, Methkil. G. maoth c(h)oill, 'soft,

boggy wood.' Cf. DARVEL.
METHLIC(K) (Ellon). a. 1 300, Methelak. Perh. = METHIL, +

G. acliadh, a field ; or the latter half may be G. tidacft,

a hill, hillock. Cf. MORTLACII and MURTHLY.
METHVEX (Perth). 1250, Methphen; 1500, Mechwynn.

? G. mayli abhuinn, 'plain of the river' Almond. Cf.

Mecheyn, old name of DALSERP, of course, referring to

the river Clyde.
MEY (Dunnet). Prob. one of the many forms of G. magi,

'a plain' or 'field.'
MIAVAIG (Lewis). Prob. ' ill-luck bay ; ' G. mi-adh + X.

ai</, a bay. Cf. ARISAIG, &c.
MIDCALDER, MID CLYTH, MID YELL, &c. See CALDER,

CLYTH, &c.
MIDDLEBIE (Ecclefechan). 'Middle village' or 'abode.'

O.E. and Dan. midd cl, + Dan. bi, by, northern O.P]. by.
MIDDLEM (Selkirk). Prob. O.E. middel-hdm, ' middle home '

or 'village.' Cf. Middleham, Yorkshire, and p. Ixxvi.
MIDDLETON (S. of Edinburgh). = The previous two ; on ton,

cf. p. Ixxiv. Very common in England.



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. LSI

MIDIIOLM (Selkirk). = MinnLEM. Sec HOLM for inter-
change of liain and holm.

MIDMAR (Dunecht). (Prob. a. 1300, Migmarre.) ? 'Field
of Mar ; ' G. mug, maiy, arable field.

MIGDALE (Bonar). Peril. G. mag dail, ' plain with the
meadow.' Of. MEIGLE and MUGDRUM.

MIGVIE (Tarland). 1183, Miguuith ; a. 1200, -aveth ;
a. 1300, -neth. G. maig-a-bheith, 'field of birches.'

MILBY (? Dumfries). = MILTOX or 'mill-place;' Dan. li,
l/U, northern O.K. li/, a building, village, town.

MILLBREX (Fyvie). Brex is prob. = ' breaks,' i.e., pieces of
ground broken lip by the plough. Cf. 1794, Statist.

Account of Scotland, *.\. 152. 'Farms divided

into three enclosures, or, as they are commonly called,
breaks.'

MILLERHILL (Dalkcith), MILLERSTOX (Glasgow).

MILLEUR, St (L. Ryan). G. meall odliar (pron. owr), 'grey
hill.' Cf. W. iiioef, a hill.

MILLHOUSE (Tighnabruaich), MILLPORT (Cumbracs), MILL-
TIMBEH (Aberdeen), MILLTOWX OP CUSHXIE.

M^ILLIFIACH (Beauly). G. meall-a-jitheaclt, ' hill of the raven.'

MILLIKEX PARK (Johnstone). Ken or l;ln is an Fnglish
diminutive, as in manikin, pannikin.

MILLISLE (Whithorn). Old, Milnisle. O.K. mylen, miln, a mill.

MILLSEAT (Aberdeensh.). Seat is Icel. saeti, wt, Sw. sate, a
seat. Site is pron. in Sc. seat.

MILXATIIORT (Kinross). Prob. G. meall na tlibrraidh,
' mound ' or ' hill of the burial.'

MILXGAVIE (Glasgow). Pron. Milgiiy. G. muileann-rjaoithe,
'a windmill; 3 or perh. G. meall na gaoithc, 'hill of
the wind,' 'windy knoll.'

MILXGRAUEX (Coldstream). 1515, -gradon. M^ight be G.
nmihan gradain, 'mill of the grain dried by burning
the straw ; ' or perh. G. meall na gradain, ' hill of the
hazard.'

MILXIIOLME (1 Kelso). 137G, Mylneholme. O.E. mylen,
miln, a mill, + HOLM.

s



182 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

MILTOX (Auchendinny, Bannockburn, Glasgow), MILTOX
Brodie, Milton of Balgonie, Milton of Campsie, Milton
Lockhart, &c. Eighteen ' Miltons ' or ' mill-villages ' in
England.

MIXARD (L. Fyne). G. mm ami, smooth height.

MIXCH (Channel, Lewis). Doubtful. Cf. La Manche, ' the
sleeve,' French name of the English Channel.

MIXDRIM MILL (Yetholm). G. mm druim, 'smooth hill-
ridge,' lit. 'back.'

MIXGARRY CASTLE (Ardnamurchan). 1499, Mengarie.
G. mln r/aradk, 'smooth enclosure' or 'garden.'

MIXISHAXT (Maybole). Prob. G. muine seant, ' sacred (L.
sanctus) thicket.' Of. CLAYSHAXT.


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