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foot,' ijais for cais, gen. of cas or cos, a foot.

KENDALL (Orkney). Saga, Rennadal. Prob. fr. Icel. reima,
to run, cf. 'runnel,' i.e., a rivulet, + X., &c., dal, a
dale, valley.

RENFREW. Si'cllGO; 1158, Reinfrew ; 1164, Renfriu. AV.
rlien friu, 'flowing brook;' frfu, flowing (water), is fr.
frw, frou, impulse.

RENTON (Dumbarton). ' Village on the river, streamlet ; '
W. rhen. Cf. LIXTOX, and see ion, p. Ixxiv.

RERRICK or -WICK (Kirkcudbright). 1562, Rerryk. Possibly
'reaver's, robber's dwelling;' O.E. reafere-wic.

RESCOBIE (Forfar). 1251, Rosolpin ; 1270, Roscolpin ; also
Roscolbyn ; Aberdeen Bret'., Roscoby. Brythonic
ros col 2^< n or P en (G. beinii), 'moor at the back
of the hill.'

RESOLIS (Cromarty). G. rudha or ros solids (in Ir. solaiti),
'point, cape of the (beacon-) light.' Cf. Rossolus,
Monaghan ; Barsoles, -lis, Galloway.

RESTALRIG (Edinburgh). c. 1210, Lestalrig; 1291, -ric ;
1526, Restalrig. G. lios-ialamli, garden-soil, + rig, a
ridge (see BISHOPBRIGGS). The liquids I and r always
interchange easily. Cf. Loch Restal, near Glencroe.

RESTINXET (Forfar). 1322, Roustinot. Prob. Old G. ros
din/dt, 'height, promontory of the woody glen' or
' dean ' (cf. DIXXET). In Old G. ros also means a wood.

RESTOX (Berwick). 7?o-% Old Celtic for a 'moor' or 'wood.'
Cf. MELROSE, + Eng. -ton, see pp. Ixxiv, Ixxv.

RHICOXICH (Sutherland). G. rudha or rim coinnich, 'head-
land covered with moss ' or ' fog.'

Ruu COIGACH, &c. G. rim or rudha, 'cape, promontory,'
is common in names, especially in Sutherland. See
COIGACH.



210 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

RIIUDUXAX (Skye). G. = 'cape of the little dune ' or 'hill.'

KHYND (Bridge of Earn), RHYXIB (Aberdeen, Fearn), RHYXXS
POINT (Islay), RHYXXS OF GALLOWAY. Fearn R., c. 1564,
Rany. R. of Gall., old, Ryndis (cf. Irish Life of <SY
Cuthberf, ' Regio quse Rennii vocatur in portu qui
Rintsnoc [G. cnoc, a hill] dicitur,' prob. referring to
Portpatrick). All prob. fr. O.Ir. rinn, rind, G. roinn,
T\'. rliynn, a point of land ; but with the form Rany,
cf. RANNOCII, fr. G. raineacli, ferny. The s is the
common Eng. plural.

RIBIGILL (Tongue). Perh. ' ribbed glen,' fr. Dan. rib, Icel.
rif, a rib, + Icel. yil, a ravine.

RICCARTOX, -KABTON (Hawick, Kilmarnock, Currie, Stone-
haven). Currie R., c. 1320, Richardtoun. Haw. R.,
1376, Ricarden. ' Richard's dwelling ; ' see ton, p. Ixxiv.

RICHORN (Urr). 1527, Raeheren; 1623, Rithorne. Perh.
O.E. redd oern, ' red house.' Cf. WHITHORX.

RIDDOX, L. (Kyles of Bute). G. radan is a knuckle ; but this
is prob. ruadli dim, ' reddish hill.'

RIGG (Gretna). Sc. rig, a ridge, furrow, hill-ridge, fr. O.E.
lirycrj, liriclc, Icel. lirygy-r, Dan. njg, a ridge, lit. ' the
back.' Cf. DRUM.

RIXGFERSOX (L. Ken). G. roinn farsaing, ' wide pro-
montory.'

RIXGFORD (Kirkcudbright). Prob. ' ford at the point.' Cf.

above.
RIXXES, Ben (Banff). = RHYXXS ; s and es are English

plurals.

RIRAS Largo). Pron. Reeres. 1353, Riras. ? G. riarachas,
a distribution, sharing.

ROADSIDE (Errol).

ROAG, L. (Lewis). Prob., as Captain Thomas thinks, N"orse
= ' roe deer bay.' Cf. RODIL and ASCOG.

ROBKRTOX (Biggar, Hawick). Big. R., c.' 1 155, Villa Roberti
fratris Lambini (cf. LAMIXGTOX) ; 1229, Robertstun.
Cf. (on, p. Ixx, and Robert Town, Xormanton.

ROCKCLIFFE (Dalbeattie). Also near Carlisle.



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 211

ROCKVILLA (Glasgow). Modern.

RODIL (Harris). Peril. ' roe's dale ; ' Icel. rd, Dan. raa
(pron. ro), a roe-deer; peril, fr. Icel. rofii, redness, + dil
= X. &c., dal. Of. ' Attadill,' sic 1584.

ROGART (GolspieV Sic 1546 ; butc. 1230, Eothegorth. Icel.
rawo'-r garS-r, 'red enclosure,' from the Old Red Sand-
stone here ; cf. G. garadh and gort, ' field/

ROGIE, Falls of (Strathpeffer). G. raog, raoig, a rushing.

ROLLOX, St (Glasgow). Chapel to St Roche, built here in
1508. But cf. Woloc, Abbot of lona.

ROMAXXO (Peeblesshire). a. 1300, Roumanoch ; 1530,
Romannose. Possibly G. rku or rudha manaich, ' head-
land of the monk.'

ROXA (Skye), X. ROXA (X. of Lewis). Fr. St Ronan, died
737, who died in wild X. Rona, where is 'Team pull
Rona;' cf. Port Ronan, lona, and 'St Ronan's Well.'

ROXALDS(H)AY, Xorth and South (Orkney). Two distinct
names. Xorth R., c. 1225, Orkney. Sag., Rinarsey ;
also Rinansey, i.e., 'island (O.X. ay, ey, a) of St
Ringan,' common Sc. corruption of Ninian of Whithorn,
f. 390. South R., in Sagas, is Rognvalsey; 1329,
Rognvaldsay. The Rognvald was prob. he, jarl of the
famous Romsdal, whose brother Sigurd Avas the first
jarl of Orkney, c. 880.

ROOE and ROOEXESS VOE (Shetland). Sagas, Raudey mikla
(Icel. mi]:ill, great), and Raudaness vagr (O.X. for
' bay ; ' cf. KIUKWALL) ; Raudey is ' red isle ' (O.X.
( '!li ('Hi a )i f r - Iccl- i'auS-r, raud-r, Dan. and Sw.
rod, red.

ROSA GLEX (Arran). c. 1450, Glenrossy. G. rusacli, rosy,
red, fr. rbs, a rose ; cf. Icel. ro$, a rose.

ROSEBURX (Edinburgh), ROSEHALL (Sutherland), ROSEMOUXT
(Aberdeen), ROSEWELL (Hawthornden). O.E. rose, Icel.
ros, G. ros, L. rosa, a rose ; but cf., too, Ross.

ROSEHEARTY (Fraserbui'gh). Prob. G. ros cheartacli, 'guid-
ing, directing promontory.'

ROSEMARKIE (Fortrose). 1226, Rosmarkyn ; 1510, -ky ; in
old Ir. calendar, ' Ruis mic bairend/ which Bishop



212 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

Reeves thinks = Rosmbaircind (pron. Rosmarkyn). On
cind, ' head,' see KINALDIE ; ros here may either
mean cape or wood. Hair is perh. the G. ban; the top,
a height, or bdir, a battle ; thus it is impossible to speak
decidedly about the name's meaning.

ROSLIX or ROSSLYN, and ROSSLYNLEE. c. 1240, Roskelyn.
The name is Brythonic. Prob. ros coil lyn, ' headland
of the wood beside the water' (W. llyn, a linn,
stream, pool). Leu, Ice, ' meadow,' is O.E. leak, pasture-
land.

ROSXEATH (Gareloch). a. 1199, Xeveth ; 1225, Rosneth ;
also Rusnith, Rosneveth. ' Promontory (G. ros) of
Neveth ' or Nevydd, British or Welsh bishop of the 6th
century.

Ross ; also THE Ross (Borgue), and Ross OF MULL. G. ros,
' a promontory, isthmus,' in the case of Ross-shire,
referring to Tarbat peninsula. In Corn, ros is a moor
(cf. MELROSE) ; Ir. ros is a wood.

ROSSDHU (L. Lomond), c. 1225, Rosduue. G. ros dhu or
dubh, 'black, dark cape.'

ROSSIE (Fife), c. 1170, Rossyth; 1187, Rossyn. Perh.
= ROSA, and cf. Ross.

ROSSKEEX (Invergordon). 1270, Rosken ; 1575, -kin. Prob.
same as the Rosskeens in Ireland ; fr. Ir. ros caein (G.
caoin), 'pleasant, dry wood.' Cf. Ross.

ROTHES (Elgin). Sic 1238. G. ruadh, red, from the red
river banks here, or more prob. fr. rath, a fort, rampart
(cf. RAITH, ROTHIEMURCUS) ; in either case with Eng.
plural *.

ROTHESAY. 1321, Rothersay; c. 1400, Rosay ; a. 1500,
Rothissaye ; c. 1590, Rosa. What is certain is that the
name originally applied to the castle, which is an islet
within a moat; and in the 15th century the parish
seems to have been called ' Bute.' Thus Rosey, whicli
otherwise might mean ' isle (O.N. a//, ey, a) of the
wood ' (cf. Ross), is prob. the corruption of ' Rother's
isle.' Rother is said to have been a descendant of
Simon Brek ; cf. Rothcrham. Rotltes- may be a corrup-
tion of G. rath, a fort, cf. ROTHES.



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 213

ROTHIEMAY (Huntly) and EOTHIE-^ORMAN (Turriff). ' Fort
in the plain ' (G. rath-a-maiyli) and ' fort of Gorman.'
Cf. CAMBUS o' MAY.

KOTHIEMURCUS (Aviemore). 1226, Rathmorchus ; 1499,
Ratamorkas. Prob. G. rath a' morchuis, ' fort of pride '
or ' boasting.'

ROTTEX Row (Glasgow). 1434, Ratown rawe. Thought to
be fr. Fr. routine, route or way, because it was the
common highway to the Cathedral.

ROUGHRIGG (Airdrie). See RIGG.

ROUSAY (Orkney), c. 1260, Hrolfsey, Rolfsey; 1529, Jo.
Ben, ' Rowsay, Raulandi Insula.' ' Hrolfs ' or ' Rollo's
isle ; ' O.N. ay, ey. Hrolf founded the ^forse settlements
in Gaul, c. 820.

Row (Helensburgh). Pron. Roo. G. rudha or rhu, a cape,
point.

ROWANTREE (Barr). ' Rowan ; ' Dan. run, ronne-trce, Sw.
runn t is the Sc. for the mountain-ash.

ROWARDEXXAN (L. Lomond). G. rhu airde Eonain, ' cape of
Eunan's height ; ' see St Adamnan, p. xcv.

ROXBURGH. Sic 1158; but 1134, Rokesburch; c. 1160,
Rochisburc; 1231, Rokisburk. Perh. simply 'castle (O.K.
burg, burli) on the rock,' Fr. roc ; or from a man called
Rock or Roche, as ' rock ' or ' roche ' is not found as an
Eng. word before Chaucer. Cf. BORGUE, and p. Ixxiii.

ROY BRIDGE. (Inverness-sh.). G. ruadh, reddish, ruddy.
Cf. ' Rob Roy.'

RUBISLAW (Aberdeen). 1358, Rubyslaw. ? G. reubadh, -aidh,
a rent, fissure, + LAW. Might be 'Reubie's/ i.e., 'Reu-
ben's hill.'

RUCHIL, R. (Comrie). G. ruadh coil, ' reddish, ruddy
wood.'

RULE or ROULL, R. (Teviot). Forms, see BEDRULE. Prob.
fr. W. rhull, rash, hasty, fr. rhu, a roar. Close by is
the ' Town o' Rule.'

RUM (Hebrides), a. 1100, Tiyhemac, ann. 677, Ruirn;
1292, Rume ; and prob. Sagas, Rauney. G. rum, ruim,

U



214 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAh 7 !).

is ' a place, space, room ; ' but lluiin was also the old
name of the Isle of Thanet, and may be a man's name.

Cf. Ramsgate.

RUMBLING BRIDGE (Kinross and on river Bran). Cf. ' Rout-
ing Bridge,' Kirkcudbright

RUSKIE (Stirling). G. riascacli, boggy, ria&j, a bog. Cf.
Rusco, Girthon.

RUTHERFORD (Kelso). Icel raufi-r, red.

RUTIIERGLEN (Glasgow). Sic a. 1150. Hybrid; 'red glen.'
The common pron., Riiglen, c. 1300, ' Ruglyn,' preserves
the original G. ruadh yleann, ' reddish glen.'

RUTHVEN (Huntly and Meigle). Hunt. R., c. 1200, Ruthaven,
a. 1300, Rothfen. Meig. R., 1200, Abirruotheven ;
1291, Rotheivan. G. ruadh alhuirw, 'reddish river'
(cf. METHVEN), Often now pron. Rivven.

RUTHWELL (Dumfries). Prob. G. ruadh l(/t)atf, ' red-looking
village ' or ' house.' Cf. FARNELL.

RYAN, L. (Wigtown). 1461, Lochrian. Prob. a man's name,
common in Ireland. Cf. Seskinryan, Ireland.



SADDELL (Kintyre). 1203-1508, Sagadul; also Saghadul.
Prob. 'arrow-shaped valley,' fr. G. saighead, an arrow,
+ N., &c., dal, also found in names as 'dil,' dyl,' 'a
valley' (cf. l Sacadaill,' sic 1662, near Applecross).
There is a G. dula, meaning 'a hollow.'

SALEN (Mull and Sunart). G. sailean, ' a little inlet,' arm
of the sea.

SALINE (Dunfermline). ?G. salami, salt. Cf. Saling,
Braintree.

SALISBURY CRAGS (Edinburgh). Old, Sarezbury Crags. Said
to be called after the Earl of Salisbury who accompanied
Edward III. to Scotland. By a common change of I for
its kindred liquid r, Sarum-/mr</ has become already, in
1290, 'Salebire;' this, of course, is Salisbury, Wilts.

SALSBURGII (Holytown). Prob. 'willow-town;' O.E. saliy,
salh, a willow ; and see BORGUE.



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 215

SALTCOATS (Ayrshire). The salt-workers' 'cots' or huts;

O.E. cot, cott. Cf. CAULDCOTS.
SALTON (Haddington). 1250, Sawilton. Prob. = BARNTON,

fr. G. saWtal, a barn, + ton ; see p. Ixxiv. Possibly

' Savile's village.' Also near York.
SALTPANS (Campbeltown). Cf. PRESTONPAXS.

SAMSON'S LANE (Stronsay), SAMSON'S RIBS (Arthur's Seat,

Edinburgh).
SANDAIG BAY (Knoydart). 'Sandy bay;' Icel. sand-r, Dan.

and Sw. sand, sand, + O.X. air/, or/, a bay.

SANDAY (Orkney, Canna, and K Uist). K Uist S., 1561,
Sand ; 1576, Sanday. ' Sandy isle ; ' O.N. ay, ey, a, an
island. Cf. above, and Glensanda, Lorn, and Sanna,
Mull, and Ardnamurchan.

SANDBANK (Kilmun), SANDEND (Cullen), SANDHAVEN (Fraser-
burgh), SANDILANDS (Lanark), SANDNESS (Walls).

SANDSTING (Shetland). ' The tinny on the sands ;' Icel. ]ring,
Dan. and Sw. tiny, which in Icel. means both an
assembly, a parish, and a district or shire.

SANDWICK (Shetland, Stromness, Lewis). Strom S., c. 1225,
Sandvik. ' Sand bay ' (N. vik). Cf. Senwick, Kirkcud-
bright, c. 1350, Sanaigh ; aigh being = aig, O.N. for
'bay.'

SANNOX (Arran). Prob. = Sannaig, Islay and Jura, = SAN-
DAIG. ' Sandy bay.' The x is the Engl. plural, as there
are North, South, and Mid Sannoc. Some think fr. C.
sannocli, ' river trout ; ' cf. Sannoch, Kells.

SANQUIIAR (N. Dumfries). Pron. Sankar. a. 1150, Sanchar.
G. scan cathair (W. caer), 'old fort.'

SAUCIIEN (Aberdeen) and SAUCHIE (Stirling and Alloa).
Alloa S., 1208, Salechoc ; 1240, Salwhoch ; 1263,
Salewhop. ' Field or HAUGH of the willows ;' Sc. saucli,
O.E. sali</, sail I-, L. sallx; cf. Saughall, Chester. The
-oc or -ocli in the old forms may represent G. achadh, a
iield ; cf. CARNOCK.

SAVAL MORE (mountain, lleay). G sal>hal mor, 'big barn,'
fr. its shape.

SAVOCII (Deer). ?G. samhadh-achadh, 'field of sorrel.'

SCALLOWAY (Shetland). O.X. skaaler-vagr, 'bay with the



216 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

shielings or booths round it.' Cf. GALASHIELS and
STORXOWAY.

SCALPAY (Harris). Sic 1549. ?G. agealb, splinters, frag-
ments of rock, + 0.1S". ay, ey, , island.

SCAMADALE (Kilninver). Perh. ' dale (N. rial] of the fright '
or 'alarm;' G. sr/aoim, -me.

SCAMPORT (Inverness-sh.). Prob. G. sgainidh-port, ' harbour
of the rent, cleft,' lit. a bursting.

SCAPA (Orkney). Old, Scalpeid. Cf. SCALPAY, and Icel. itha,
an 'eddy.'

SCARBA (Jura). 1536, Skarba. X. skarf-ay, 'cormorant's isle.'

SCARCLET or SARCLET (Wick). It is hard to pronounce both
cs. Scar- is either 'sharp rock, rocky pillar,' G. sgbr, a
rock, 'a scaur,' mountain (often spelt sr/ur, sfjuir, scuir,
skeir), Dan. and N. skjaer, a cliff, rock (cf. Icel. skor, a
cleft in a precipice); or X. skari, 'sea-gull.' A dct is
a rock (G. cle'it), so this is prob. ' sea-gull's rock.' Cf.
Scarborough, and Scar Hill, Kirkcudbright.

SCARFSKERRY (Dunnct). ' Cormorants' rocks.' See SCARBA
and SCARCLET, and cf. Sule-skerry.

SCARINISH (Tyree). N. skari-nces, ' sea-gulls' ness ' or ' cape.'

SCARRISTRA (Harris). First syllable, see SCARCLET; the -stra
is = -ster, latter half of X. bohtaftr; see p. Ixiv, and
cf. ' Scarrabolsy,' sic 1562, in Islay.

SCHALLASAIG (Colonsay). Perh. ' shell-bay ' (X. dig), Icel.
skel, a shell ; perh. = SCALLOWAY.

SCHIEHALLION, Mountain (R. Tummel). Usually said to be,
fr. its shape, 'maiden's breast ;' G. sich or sine cliailin
(caihn, a maiden) ; cf. 8icb.nabnigb.ean, mountain in the
north of Arran, with same meaning (fr. G. nighean, a
maiden), and Maiden Pap, Caithness. Some think, G.
sith Chaillinn ' hill of the Caledonians.' Cf. DUNKELD.
N.B., s in Gaelic usually has the aspirated sound sh.

SCIIILLEY (Outer Hebrides). See SELLAY.

SCIENNES (Edinburgh). Pron. Sheens. Fr. the monastery
of St Catherine of Siena, Italy, once here.

SCONE (Perth). Sic 1503, but c. 1020, Sgoinde; a, 1100,
Scoine ; c. 1170, Scoone (still pron. Skoon). Prob. G.
ayonn, syuinn, a lump, mass, block of wood.



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 217

SCOOXIE (Leven). 1156, Sconin; 1250, -nyn. G. egonnan,
a little lump or block.

SCOTCH DYKE and SCOTS GAP, on the Borders. The true
adjective is Scots or Scottish, e.g., 1549, Gompleynt
Scotland, prol. ' Oure Scottis tong.' But ' Scotch ' is
used by grave Eng. writers as early as 1641, 'the
Scotch Avarre.' l

SCOTLAND, also SCOTLAXDAVELL (Leslie), c. 1000, JElfric,
Scotlande ; c. 1225, Orkney. Sag., Skotland. First
mention of the Scoti (of Ulster) is in Ammianus Mar-
cell inns, bk. xxi., c. A D. 360 ; and Jerome, a little later,
speaks of ' Scotica gens.' Rhys thinks the name is fr.
\V. ysrjthru, to cut, sculpture, and Isidore, 6th century,
says the Scotti were so called from tattooing themselves
with iron points ; cf. the Picts, ' painted men,' L. Pidi.

SCOTSCALOER (Caithness). The part of CALDER dale possessed
by the Scots or Celts, as contrasted with Xorn Calder,
near by, possessed by the Xorse.

SCOTSTOUXHILL (Glasgow). Cf. Scotton, Lincoln ; Scotby,
Carlisle.

SCOUR or SGUR. Common G. name for a mountain, or
'scaur;' e.g., Scour Ouran, prob. 'St Oran's hill,' L.
Duich ; Scour-na-Gillian, 'servant's hill,' Rum; and
Sgur Ruadh, ' red hill,' Avest of Beauly.

SCOURIE ( \V. Sutherland). G. sgiirach, rocky, fr. sgbr, sgur,

a rock, mountain.
SCOURIXGBURX (Dundee).

SCRABSTER (Thurso). 1201, Skarabolstad ; c. 1225, -abolstr:
1455, Scrabestoun ; 1557, Scrabustar. X. sl:jaere
lolstatir, 'rocky place;' see p. Ixiv.

SCRAPE (Tweeddale). ?By common transposition of r =

1 scarp ; ' Fr. escarpe, a slope.
SCREEL, Ben (Glenelg). Prob. G. ngrath-etfea<:Ji, ' turf bank

or ' mound ; ' the th being quiescent. Cf. next.
SCRIDAIX, L. (^lull), and SCHIDEX (X. of Arran). G. sgratJi-

aodann, ' turf -covered slope ' or ' face ' (cf. W. eiddyn).

1 See A Discourse concerning Puritans, p. 54, cited by Dr M'Cric,
Miscellaneous Writings (1841), p. 344, and called by him ' the words
of a sensible author.'



218 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

This exactly suits the Arran site ; near by is a rocky
burn, the ' Scridan.'

SEAFIELD (Cullen and Loith), SEAMILL ("W. Kilbridc).

SEAFORTH, L. (Lewis). ' Sea-frith ' or 'fjord ' (cf. FORTH).
Sea in Dan. is so, Icel. sce-r.

S EATON (Haddington) and PORT SETOX. c. 1210, Seat/on ;
1296, Seytone. O.K. sae tiin, ' village on the sea.'

SELKIRK, a. 1124, Selechirche; c. 1190, Seleschirche ; c.
1200, Selekirke. 'Church among the shielings' or
' hunters' huts.' See GALASHIELS and KIRKABY.

SELLAY, SHELLAY, or SCHILLEY (Outer Hebrides). X. scl
-ey, ' seal isle ; ' cf. Icel. $el-r, Dan. scd, a seal.

SERF'S, St (isle, L. Leven). St &er/had a monastic college
here, c. 440 A.D.

SGUR NA LAPAICH (K. Farrar). G. = ' rock of the muddy '
(river). Cf. SCOUR.

SHAMBELLY (jSTcAv Abbey). 1601, Schambcllie, G. wan
baile, 'old house' or 'village' (cf. ' shanty ' = sean tirjli).
Initial s in Gaelic is usually aspirated.

SHANDAVICK (Fearn). 1ST. sand-vile, ' sandy bay,' the only such
bay hereabouts. Cf. Shellay or SELLAY.

SHANKEND (Hawick). Fr. aliank (O.E. scanca, Dan. and
SAV. shank), the leg, the shin-bone.

SHANNO (Montrose). 1516, Skannack. 1 Gr. sgainn-acJiadh,

1 field of the herd ' or ' drove ' (sgann),

SIIANT GLEN (Arran). G. seunta, sianta, a charm. Initial s
in G. is usually aspirated.

SIIAPINSAY (Orkney). c. 1225, Hjalpandisay : 1529, Jo.
Ben, ' Schapinshaw dicta, the Shipping Isle ' (Icel.
sJrip, a ship). But Ben is evidently Avrong, it must be
' Hjalpand's isle,' whoever he was.

SHAW (Coulter, &c., five Shaw Hills in Galloway). O.E.
scar/a, Icel. sJtoy-r, SAV. shay, Dan. sJfoi", a Avood ; cf. the
O.E. liafja, a hedge, softened in Jtair, a hedge, a haAv-
thorn berry.

SHAWBOST (Barvas). 'Place of the wood.' Cf. above, and
X. bolxfa&r, p. Ixiv.



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 219

SHAWIIEAD (Dumfries), SHAWLANDS (Glasgow).

SHEABOST (Lewis). Perh. 'house, place set askew;' Icel.
xkeif-i; Dan. skier, oblique, 'skew.' Bast is contraction
of X. holstafir, see p. Ixiv. Of. SKEABOST.

SIIEBSTER (Reay). ' Sheep's ' or ' ship's (Icel. skip, Dan. skib)
])lace.' ( )n -ster = Jv. *ta$r, see p. Ixv.

SHETLAND, or ZETLAND. Sar/as, Hjaltland, Ilctlancl ; 1403,
Zetlandie. Cleasby and Vigfusson's Dictionary suggests
no explanation.

SHETTLESTOX (Glasgow). 1226, Shettilston. Prob. f r. a man;
cf. Shuttlewortli (worth = place). A shuttle in O.E. is
scytel, a scuttle ; O.E. scutel is a dish. Might be fr. either.

SIIEUCHAN (Stranraer). Prob. G. suidheachan, diminutive of
auidlic, a seat. Several similar Irish names.

SHIANT ISLES (The Miiich) and BEN SHIANTA (Ardna-
nmrchan). G. seunta, enchanted, sacred, fr. aeim, a
charm. Cf. MINISIIANT, and Pen-zance, 'holy headland.'

SHIBBERSCROSS (Sutherland). Pron. Sheeverscross. 1535,
Heberriscors. Perh. G. siabair-crois, ' cross of the
rubber or wiper,' referring to the action of cattle.

SHIEL, L. (Moydart). Prob. loch of the ' shieling ' or
'booth;' O.X. skati, Icel. $l>jul, a shelter, $kyli, a shed.
Cf. GALASHIELS.

SIIIELDAIG (L. Torridon). 'Shielding, sheltering bay' (O.N.
airf); Icel. *lcjul<l-r, a shield.

SniELDiinjj (Falkirk and Lochmaben), SIIIELIIILL (Stanley
and Oathlaw), and four SHIEL HILLS (Galloway), 1629,
prob. Stanley S., Shilhill. All prob. ' sheltering hill ;'
see above. Falk. S. is in 1745 Shiclhill, and is still
so pron. Some say Shiclhill (Stanley) is the G. sealy
clioiU, ' hunting wood.'

SHIELDS ROAD (Glasgow). See SHIEL and POLLOKSHIELDS.
SIIIELS (Belhelvie). 'Huts.' See GALASIIIELS and SHIEL.

SHIN, L. (Sutherland). Perh. 'loch of the charm ;' G. seun,
wan (cf. SHIANT) ; but Shinnock, Galloway, is thought
to be G. sean cnoc, ' old hill.'

SHINNESS. ' Cape on Loch SHIN.' See XESS.



220 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

SIIIRA, R. and L. (Inveraray). ?G. sear or seur aWi, 'east
river.'

SHISKIXE (Arran). a. 1250, Cesken ; 1550, Ceskane. ^ G.
seiscinn (pron. sheskin), a marsh, fr. siosg, sedge ; cf.
Ir. sescenn, as in Sheskin, Seskin.

SHOTTS (K Lanark) and SHOTTSBURN (Holytown). a. 1476,
Bertramshotts. O.E. shot, a division, plot ; cf. Shottes-
ham, Shotover, Shotton.

SIIUXA (Appin). Sic 1511. G. seun, neuna, a protecting
charm. Cf. SHIX.

SHURRERY (Halkirk). G. snire-airidl;, l shieling, hut of the
maid, nymph, syren.' Cf. BLIXGERY.

SICCAR POINT (Berwicksh.). Thought to be = ' scaur ' or
rock. See SCRABSTER and CARR.

SIDLAW HILLS (Forfar). Prob. G. sith, fairy, or sltli, a hill,
+ O.E. hldew, Sc. late, a hill. For the latter origin,
cf. VEXLAW; and for interchange of th and d, cf.



SlGHTHILL (Glasgow).

SIMPRIN (Duns). 1250, Simp'nge; c. 1300, Sympring.
Doubtful. Perh. fr. "\V. pren, a tree. Cf. PRIXLAWS.

SIXCLAIRTOX (Kirkcaldy). After the St Glairs, Earls of
Piosslyn, whose seat, Dysart House, is close by.

SINNAHARD (Lumsden). Prob. G. sineach ard, ' height with
bosses' or 'breasts ;' G. sine, a pap.

SKAIL, L. (Sandwick, Orkney). 1 Fr. Icel. skel, a shell, or
Dan. sliael, a scale of a fish, &c.

SKEABOST (Portree). Prob. = SHEABOST, 'place set askew.'
Also cf. SKYE.

SKEIR, SKERRIES ; also the SKARES, off Cruden. Common
name for rock islets, especially in the Minch Skeir -inoe,
&c. It is N. and Dan. skjaer, cliff, rock, of which
Skerries is the plural, as in Pentland Skerries; 1329,
Petland-Sker ; and Auskerry, east of Orkney (in Saya,
Austr-sker, or ' eastern rock '). Cf. SCARCLET, and the G.
srjur or SCOUR.

SKELBO (Dornoch). c. 1210, Scelbol : a. 1300, Scellebol ;



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 221

1455, Skclbolc. 'Shelly place;' Icel. sM (rf. O.E. fee?,
A shell, and see X. bolstaftr, p. Ixiv). In 1290 an Eng.
scribe writes it Schclbotel, see MOREBATTLE ; and cf.
SKIBO,

SKELDA NESS (Shetland). Prob. 'shield, shelter isle ;' Icel.
sl'jold-r, a shield, + ay, a, isle. Cf. SHIELDAIG.

SKELMORLIE (Wemyss Bay), c. 1400, -niorley. Prob. 'shelter,

leeside of the great rock;' G. and Ir. sceilifj mdr.

Skel- is evidently cognate with SKEIR. See LEE, and

cf. the Skelligs, Kerry.
SKEXE (Peterculter). Sic 1318. A 'Johannes Skene' is

found in 1290. G. sceith'in (th mute), a bush. Cf.

Skeengally, Kirkinner.
SKERRAY (Bettyhill), SKERRIES (Shetland, &c. : see SKEIR),

and SKERRYVORE (Hebrides ; G. mlwr, big).
SKIBA (Islay). Dan. uliib-aa, 'ship-water' or 'stream.'
SKIBO (Dornoch). 1275, Schytheboll; 1557, Skebo. Perh.

'scythe-place,' i.e., meadow; Icel. sifjth, a scythe (cf.

SKELBO, and p. Ixiv). More likely fr. Icel. nl;eitlii-r, Dan.

sltede, a sheath, cognate with shed.

SKINFLATS (Grangemouth.). As there is no trace of a tannery
here, Skin- may be G. sccitldn, a bush (cf. SKEXE).
Flats, {.<>., 'meadows,' is a common sufiix hereabouts
Millflats, &c.

SKIPXESS (Frith of Clyde), c. 1250, Schepehinche ; 12GO,
Skipnish ; 1502, Skipinche. Icel. slap, Dan. sl-ib,
O.E. scip, a ship, +Icel. and. IS", tutts, a ness, cape, or
G. innitf, an island, peninsula. Cf. Ixcn and ARDA-

LAN1SH.

SKIRLING (Uiggar). a. 1400, Scrawlin : c. 1535, Sending.
Prob. 'water, pool by the scaur' or rock (cf. SCRABSTER,
and Dunskirloch, Galloway, and Skirlaugh, Hull). The
-I in is AV. llijn, a water or pool.

SKYE. Perh. Ptolenii/'x Scetis ; a. 700, Adamnan, Skia ;
Sagas, Ski, Skid ; 1272, Sky; 1292, Skey. Usually
said to be G. sr/iath (pron. skey), a ' wing,' fr. its shape.
Cf. Dunskey, Galloway.

SKYREBURX (Gatehouse). Skyre- is prol). = SKEIR ; so ' rocky
burn. '



222 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

SLAIXS (Cruden). a. 1300, Slainys. Prob. G. sleamhuinn,
'slippery, smooth,' with Kng. plural. Cf. Slane, Tara.

SLAMAXXAX (S. Stirlingsh.). 1250, Slcthmanin. 'Moor of
Manan ' (see CLACKMAXXAX). Sla- is G. and Ir. sliabh,
mountain, hill, face of a hill; in G. also 'a moor.'
Cf. Slamonia, Inch.

iSLATBFORD (Edinburgh). Prob. 'smooth ford;' O.N". slett,
smooth. Cf. next. ' Sclaitford ' was the name of the
village of Edzell, a. 1700.

SLEAT (Skye). a. 1400, Slate; 1475, Slot; 1588, Slait.
Prob. as above ; Sleat Sound is sheltered. But Arden-
slate, Dunoon 1401, Ardinslatt is 'slaty height'
(G. srjleut, a slate) ; and Sleety, Queen's Co., is fr. Ir. and
G. sliabh, a hill, plural slvibhte (pron. sleety).


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