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Place-names of Scotland online

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tintin, Cavan, 'hill of the fires'). Knocktentol, Gal-
loway, is G. cnoc tendail, ' hill of the bonfire.'

TINWALD (Dumfries). O.X. ]>f.nyvold, 'meeting-place,' lit.
fold, 'of the Thing' or local assembly; O.E. fold,
Dan. fold, a fold, pen. Cf. TIXGWALL, and Thingvellir,
Iceland. Also in Isle of Man.

TIPPERLINN. Once a village, now name of a road in the
south-west of Edinburgh. G. tiuliar linne (W. 11 yn},
' well by the water ' or ' pool.'

TIPPETCRAIG (Bonnybridge). Craig or rock tipped with a
house.

TIREE (Hebrides), a. 700, Adamnan, Terra Ethica; c. 1225,
Orkney. Say., Tyrvist ; 1343, Tiryad ; 1354, Tereyd ;
1409, Tyriage; also Terra Hith. Skene says, G.
tir-i-odli, ' land of corn;' but Rhys, Arc., think Hith or
Ith is a legendary Scot, peril, uncle of Miled of the
Irish legends. Several places called !Mag-Ithe, ' plain of
Ith,' in Ireland.

TIRRY, R. (L. Shin). Frob. G. tuireadh, a lament, a
dirge.

TOB (Lewis). G. fob, 'the bay' or 'little bay.'

TOBERMORY (Mull), (t: 1200, Bl: of Scon, a ' Tubermore.')
1540, Tibbirmore. G. and Ir. tolar Moire, 'well of
the Virgin Mary,' = LADYWELL. Cf. Toberonochy,
Luing. In a Moray charter, temp. Alexander II.,
are ' Tubernacrumkel ' and ' Tubernafein.'

TOCIIIEXEAL (Banff). ?' House of the fishing station;' G.
tiyli an tola, or ' of the shout ' (G. iolacli). The G. tocliar
means 'a causeway' and 'a dowry;' but the r would
not easily disappear.

TOP RIG (Kirkinner). 'Hill of the fox;' Sc. tod, so called
fr. his bushy tail, fr. Icel. toddi, a mass of wool. See
RIGG ; and cf. 'Todholys,' 137G, in Liddesclale.



236 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

TOFTCOMBS (Biggar). Dan. toft, a field ; cf. Icel. to\t, tott,
land, + O.E. comb, cumb, a vessel, a valley, cf. W. cwm,
a hollow. C/. COOMLEES.

TOLLCROSS (Glasgow, Edinburgh).

TOLSTA HEAD (Lewis). ' Place of the toll ' or ' custom-dues ;'
Icel. toll-r, Dan. told. On sta = staftr, place, see p. Ixv.

TOM-A-MHOID (Dunoon). G. = ' hill, knoll of the court of
justice;' G. mod, a court, assembly.

TOMATIN (Carr Bridge). G. tom-a-teine, ' hill, knoll of the
fire.'

TOMBEA (Pass of Leni). Pron. -bay. ' Hill of the birches ; '
G. beatli. Cf. AULTBEA.

TOMICH (Beauly). G. tomach, 'full of knolls,' G. torn.

TOMIXTOUL (Ballindalloch). Pron. -t6wl. Prob. G. toman
tuatheal, 'northern little hill.'

TOMNAHURICH (Inverness). Prob., says Prof. M'Kinnon, G.
torn na li'iubhraich, ' hillock with the juniper bushes ; '
G. iubhar, a yew. lubrach also means a 'boat,' as in
Portnachuraich, lona, and may do so here.

TOMNAVOULIN (Glcnlivct). ' Knoll of the mill ; ' G. torn na
mhuilinn.

TONGUE (N. Sutherland, and three in Galloway). 1542,
Toung. 1ST. tunga, ' a tongue, spit of land.' Two Tongs
in England.

TONGUELAND (Kirkcudbright). 1461, Tungland.

TORBANEHILL (Batligate). Tautology; G. torr ban, 'white
hill ' or ' mound.' Tor is the common name for a hill
in Devon and Cornwall.

TORBOLL (Sutherland), c. 1230, Thoreboll; 1575, Thuri-
boll. = THURSTOX. The god ' Thor's place.' On bol,
bolstaftr, 'place,' see p. Ixiv.

TORDUFF (Currie). a. 1200, Turdaphe. G. torr dubh,
' black hill ' or ' tower.'

TORE (Inverness). G. torr, a heap, mound, fort, Ir. tor, W.
tur, a tower. Cf. Tur, W. Calder.



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 237

TORLAXE (Kirkcudbright). G. tdrr leathann (pron. lahan),
'broad hill.'

TORXESS (Inverness). G. ton; a hill, a castle, or from the
god Thar, cf. TORBOLL ; + XESS.

TOROSAY (Mull). Sic 1390; 1561, Toirrasa. ? G. tdrr
rasacJt, 'hill, mound covered with shrubs,' with ending
influenced by O.X. ay, ey, a, island.

TORPHICHEX (Bathgate). Sic 1540 but 1296, Thorfighyn,
Torphychin. G. tdrr pldgheainn, ' magpie's hill.'

TORPHIXS (Aboyne). G. tdrr fionn, 'white, clear hill,' with
the common Eng. plural.

TORRAXCE OF CAMPSiE. Prob. G. torrauaclt, ' abounding in
hills' or 'knolls.'' See CAMPSIE.

TORRIDOX (W. Eoss). 1633, -den. Prob. G. turr-a-duin,
'hill, knoll of the fort.'

TORRY (Aberdeen). G. tdrran, ' a little hill.'
TORRYBURX (Dunfermline).

TORSOXCE (Stow). Prob. G. turr sonnaicli, ' hill with the
palisade, Avail,' or 'fort.'

TORTHORWALD (Dumfries). 1287, -thorald ; 1297, Thorthar-
alde. Might be 'hill of Thorold;' or a hybrid, G. ton;
a hill, + X. ThorvoM, ' meeting, assembly in honour of
the god Thor.' See TINWALD.

TORWOOD (Larbert) and TOEWOODLEE (Peebles). Larb. T.,
c. 1140, Kcltor, i.e., G. coil tdrr, 'wood of the hill' or
' fort ; ' so that Torwood is half a translation of Keltor.
See LEE.

TOUGH (Alford). Pron. Toogli. 1605, Towch ; but c. 1550,
'Tulluch or Tough,' i.e., G. tuJadi, a hill, mound, or
tinyli, thick, dense, closely set.

TOWARD (Rothesay). Sic- 1498. ? G. faobh nrd, lit. 'direc-
tion-height,' i.e., cape by which to steer one's course.

TOWIE (Alford). Perh. G. torn/tacit, 'full of knolls;' cf.
TOMICII.

TOWXHEAD (Glasgow, Castle-Douglas), TOWXHILL (Dunferm-
line, &c.).

TOXSIDE (Gorebridge). Prob. fr. G. toclt, thigh, hough of an
animal, or talc, a swelling.



238 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

TRADESTON (Glasgow). The ground hero was bought in
1790 by the Glasgow 'Trades' House,' and laid out by
them.

TRAILTBOW (Dumfries). Old, Travertrold. Hybrid ; ' fairy's
farm,' G. treamhar, a farm (cf. TRANENT), + Dan. and
Sw. trold, Icel. troll, a kind of fairy, 'Kobin Good-
fellow.' Of. Pow for G. poll.

TRANABY (Westray). ' Cranes' abode ; ' Icel. trani, Dan.
trane, + by, bi, dwelling. Cf. CANISBAY.

TRANENT (Haddington). c. 1147, Trauernent ; c. 1210,
Tranent. G. treamhar (pron. traver), ' farm,' lit.
ploughed land ' in the dell ' or ' by the stream ' (W.
nanf).

TRANTLEBEG (Forsinard). Prob. G. traona-thuil beay, 'little
stream (cf. DUTHIL) of the corn-craik ' (traona).

TRAPRAIN LAND (Haddington). (1150, Dunpelder.) Perh.
"W. tre, tra pren, 'house by the tree.'

TRAQUAIR (Peebles). Sic 1265; but 1116, Trcverquyrd ; c.
1140, Trauequair ; 1174, Trauercuer ; 1506, Trawere.
'Farm (G. treamhar, cf. TRANENT) on QUAIR "Water.'
The first syllable of Trabroun and Trahenna in the same
locality may have the same origin. As likely fr. W.
tra, tre, and Corn, trev, tref, house, home. Two instances
of Tre- in Stratherrick, Loch j^sess, showing perh. the
extreme limit of Brythonic influence.

TRESHNISH ISLES (Mull). Prob. Icel. tre, gen. tres, a tree,
wood, +nish, ncus, a ness, cape, or G. innis, island,
' inch ; ' these two often are confused. Cf. SKIPNESS,
<fec.

TRESTA (Shetland). Icel. tre-staSr, ' tree-place ; ' cf. p. Ixv.
Trees are very rare in Shetland.

TRILLEACHAN, Ben (L. Etive). G. for ' the pied oyster-
catcher.'

TRINAFOUR (Struan). Said to be = BALFOUR, ' cold (G. fuar)
village.' Cf. Corn, tre, tra, \V. tref\ trev, Ir. treb,
house, town.

TRINITY (Edinburgh) and TRINITY GASK (Crieff). Fancy
name. A ' Trinity Lodge,' where Trinity now is, is



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 239

found advertised in 1783. Gask is for G. crosg, a pass,
crossing. See ARXGASK.

TROCHRY (L)unkeld). c. 1G50, -rig. G. trocli, bad, dan-
gerous, + Sc. riy or ridge. See RIGG.

TROOX (Ayr). Perh. G. iroman, 'the dwarf elder,' m being
lost by aspiration. Also near Caniborne.

TROQUEER (Dumfries). c. 1380, Treqvere ; also Traquire.

Prob. = TRAQUAIR, 'green farm.' Of. Trowier Hill,

Girvan.
TROSACHS (Callander). Said to be G. for ' bristled territory,'

with the common Eng. plural.
TROUF HEAD (Banff). 1G54, Trowp ; perh. Torfnes of Say a*.

G. trup is just 'a troop.' Meaning here doubtful.
TROTTERXISH (Skye) and TRUDDERXISH (Islay). Skye T.,

1309, Trouternes; 1573, -tyrnes ; ? 1588, Trotwayshc.

Both are said to mean ' enchanted cape ' or ' ness ; '

O.X. na?s or nixli. Cf. Icel. trh&ra, a juggler.
TRUFF HILL (Wigtown). By common transposition of r,

'turf hill;' 6.E. turf, Icel. and Sw. torf.
TUACK (hill, Kintore). Perh. G-. fuamacJi, 'abounding in

graves,' or tnadh or tuctyh, an axe.
TULLIALLAX (Dunfermlme). G. tulach ailcinn, 'hill by the,

meadow,' or fr. ahdnn, ' exceeding fair, beautiful,' like

Tullyalleii on the Boyne ; Ir. tulaiyli alainn.
TULLIBARDIXE (Cricff). 1 6 1 , Tulvbardyii and -barely. ' I lill,

mound of the warning ; ' G. burdainn.
TULLIBODY (Alloa). c. 1150, Dunbodenum ; 1195, Tulli-

botheny; also Tuligbotuan. 'Hill, mound (G. tulach

or dini) of the hut' or 'cottage;' G. bofhini, -ain.
TULLOCH (Ding-wall). 1542, Tulche. G. ttdcu-Ji, a hill, hillock.
TULLYBOLE (Kinross). 1685, Tulliboal. Perh. 'hill of the

smell, stink' (G. boladh), or 'of the pool' (G. Ml for

poll, as in BOLESKIXE). Hardly fr. the X. lul, place.
TULLYMET (Ballinluig). c. 1200, Tulichmet, Tulimath. Prob.

' rich, fat, fertile (G. mc-Mi) hill.'
TULLYXESSLE (Alford). a. 1300, Tulyncstyn; a. 1500, -restil.

Perh. ' hill of the charm, spell;' G. tulacli-an-coide (>/.

ESSLEMOXT). In the same district, a. 1300, we iind

'Tulynahtlayk.'



240 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

TULLYPOWRIE (Perthsh.). G. tulacli fuarach, 'chilly hill/
Forjo pro /in this district, cf. BONSKIED.

TUMMEL, E. (Perthsh.). G. tum-allt, 'plunging stream,' fr.
turn, to dip, plunge.

TUNDERGARTH (Lockerbie). Prob. ' fallow field or enclosure,'
fr. W. tyndir, 'ley land' or fallow, fr. tyn, stubborn,
rigid, + garth, see APPLEGARTH. The Icel. and Dan.
tondr, tundr, O.E, tynder, is 'tinder.'

TURC, Ben (Glen Shee and Argyle), and BRIG o' TURK (L.
Katrine). G. tore, tuirc, a wild boar. Cf. Altaturk,
Ireland.

TURNBERRY CASTLE (Ayrsh.). c. 1200, Turncbiri ; 1286,
-byry. Prob. hybrid ; G. tor ran, a hillock, + O.E.
byrig or burg, a fortified place, castle, cf. QUEENSBERRY.
Turn may just mean ' turn ' or ' corner.'

TURRET WATER (Crieff). ? G. tin-aid, a turret, fr. the shape
of the rocks here.

TURRIFF (Aberdeensh.). a. 1000, Bk. Deer, Turbruad ; a.
1300, Turrech ; a. 1500, Turreff. Case of a name which
has changed ; at first G. torr bruid, ' hill of anguish ' or
' of the stab;' or, possibly, ' fort of Brude;' but a. 1500,
'hill' or ' fort in the field' (G. achadli); and now, ' hill"
or ' fort by the stream,' G. abli.

TWATT (Stromness). Iccl. fveit, a 'thwaite, a place.' Cf.

MURRAYTHWAITE.

TWEED, R., and TWEEDSMUIR (Peebles). ? a. 600, Avellanau,
Tywi; c. 966, Pict. Chron., Tede ; a. 1150, Thveda ;
c. 1160, Tweda. Prob. W. twyad, 'a hemming in,' fr.
twy, to check or bound.

TWYNHOLM (Kirkcudbright). 1605, Twyneme, i.e., Twynham.
O.E. tweon, 'between,'and HOLM or ham, which constantly
interchange ; holm is ' meadow,' ham is house, home.
Cf. the Roman ' Interamna,' and Twineham, Sussex.

TYDEAVERYS (Balmaclellan). Old, Tydauarries. G. tudan
bharra, ' the little heap on the top ' or ' height ' (barr).
Cf. Tudhope. The 6- is the common Eng. plural.

TYNDRUM (]S!".-W. Perth). G. teinedruim, 'hill-ridge of the
fire.' Cf. DRUM.



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 241

TYXE, R. (Haddington). Pcrli. fr. W. lynn, to draw, pull, or
G. feann, to move, stir, proceed. More likely fr. W.
ti/no, a green plot, a dale. Also in England.

TYXECASTLE (Edinburgh).

TYXETT. Doubtful; -ett may be G. atlt, a ford.

TYXIXGHAME (Haddington). a. 1130, frim. Durham, ann.
756, Tiningaham; 1265, Tynynham : peril. Bede's
Incuneninghum, c for t. A unique name in Scotland.
Prob. ' home of the dwellers on the Tync ;' see p. Ixxv,
and Ixxvi note. On the Tyne also stands Tyneholm.

TYXROX (Moniaive). Prob. G. feme sron, ' beacon -fire point.'
Of. CAMERON.

TYRIE (Fraserburgh and Kirkcaldy). Fras. T., a. 1300,
Tyry. G. tir, tire, 'land.' Cf. STRATHYRE and
ALT Y RE.

u

UAMVAR. G. uamh-a-bJiarra, 'cave on the height' or 'hill-
top ' (ban-). Cf. WEEM and LOCIIIXVAR.

UDDIXGSTOX (Glasgow). Perh. ' village of the god Odin ' or
' Woden ' (ff. TIIURSTOX). But the name Udston close
by seems to point to some man Ud.

UDNY (EHon). 1417, Uldnay. Prob. G. allt an Iheafh,
' river of the birches ; ' 11 1 lost by aspiration, cf. ALLO-
WAY ; and AULDEARX.

UIG (Skye and Lewis). Skye U., 1512, Wig; 1552, Yig.
Lewis U., 1549, Vye ; c. 1620, Oig, Vyg. G. hi;/, a
nook, retired cove, influenced by Icel. vile, a small bay.
Cf. WICK.

UISKEXTUIE (May). G. ui*<jan f^mdlte, 'water of the scat,'
]>lace where funerals used to halt to rest and drink
' whisky.' Cf. EEALLACHAXTUIE.

UIST (Outer Hebrides). 1282, luist : 1292, Guist ; also
Ewyst (the pron. now) and I'ilihist, Icel. -/-ivW, an
abode, lit, in-ihwlUng. Vid is the same root as Ger.
icesen and Eng. was.

ULBSTER (Wick). Pro!.). O.X. ulf-bustar, 'wolf's abode.'
Cf. ULVA, and see p. Ixiv. Perh. fr. a man named Ulf.

ULLADALE. O.X. Uladalr; perh. fr. G. ulai, 'washing,



242 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

fulling,' + If. dal, dale. But cf. Ir. uladh (pron. ulla),
' a tomb, cairn,' as in Kilulla, Clare.

ULLAPOOL (W. Ross-sh.). See above. Pool is G. and Ir.
poll, a pool or water (cf. POLKEBUCK). Some think
Ulla- is fr. King Olaf (cf. OLLABERRY). There seems no
local tradition in re. An ' Ulyshaven ' is found in
Forfarshire, c. 1415.

ULLIE STRATH. Through this the river Helmsdale flows.

Perh. Ptolemy's Ila. Cf. ULLADALE and ISLAY.
ULLOCH HILL (Kirkcudbright). G. uallach, proud, i.e., high.
ULSTA (Shetland). Prob. = ULBSTER, ' wolfs place;' If. stadr.
ULVA (Aros). 1473, Ulway. ' Wolfs isle ; ' Icel. ulf-r, Dan.

and Sw. ulv, a wolf, + ay, ey, a, isle.
UNGAXAB (X. Uist). G. = ' ounce-land of the abbot,' Old G.

unga, L. uncia, an ounce, i.e., the rent was an ounce of

silver. See p. Ivii, and cf. BALNAB.
UXICH E. (Edzell). G. uinicli, ' bustle,' ' hurry.' It is a

rapid stream.

UNST (Shetland). &ayas, Ornyst, Ormst, Aumstr. Doubtful.
UNTHANK (farm, Biggar, and burn near Mosspaul). Mosspaul

U., 1228, Vnthanc; 1290, Wnthanke. O.E. un-^anc

means ' ingratitude,' prob. here referring to the barren

soil. Cf. Winthank, St Andrews.
UPHALL (Bathgate).
UPLAWMOOR (Xeilston). Cf. LAW.
URIE, URY (Aberdeensh.). Forms, see INVERURIE. Either

G. iubharach, ' abounding in yews ' (G. iubliar, pron.

yure), or = URR.
URQUHART (Conoii Bridge, Inverness, Elgin, Fife). Inver.

U., a. 700, Adamnun, Airchartan; a. 1150, Urchard.

Elgin U., c. 1340, Urquhart; also Owrchard. CononU.,

1340, Urchard. Dr ]\l'Lauchlan says its G. form is

Urchudain, fr. urcli, a knoll, and din, a fort. But

Airchartan and Urchard look more like G. ard-a-cheaird

or cheardan, ' height of the smith ' (ceard) ; or, quite

possibly, the first syllable may be = URR, ' water.'
Unit (Dalbeattie). 1607, Or. Generally thought = Basque

itr, ' water ; ' cognate Avith G. and Ir. dobhar or dor, W.

dwr, water, a river. Cf. DOUR.



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 243

URRAY (Mtiir of Ord). 1546, Vrray; c. 1565, Vurray. Prob.
Old G. ur reidh, 'smooth Avater.' Cf. above, and ARAV.

USSIE (glen, Conon Bridge). Perh. G. casaclt, 'abounding in
falls,' G. eas.

UYEA SOUND (Unst).

V

VALE OF LEVEX (Dumbarton). See LEVEX.

YATERXISH or WAT- (X. Skye). 1501, Watternes. Prob.
'water-peninsula,' O.K. wceter, cf. Icel. vatn, Avater,
and Waterford, Ireland, i.e., ' water-fjord ;' + O.X. nee*
or nish, 'ness,' peninsula, lit. nose.

YE IRA (Rousay). Either fr. Icel. ver, the sea, then a fishing

station, cf. Eng. weir, O.E. wer, a fence, enclosure for

fish ; or O.X. vigr, a bay, + ay, ey, a, island.
YELLORE (Polmont). G. mlieatt odhar (pron. our), 'grey

hill.' Cf. ^IEAL, FOURVOUXIE.
YEXLAAV (Peebles). Sic 1469. Tautology; G. Iheinn + Eng.

LAW, both= 'hill.' Cf. PenlaAV, Dumfries.
YEXXACHAR, L. (Callander). G. bheinn na char, 'hill with

the bend or turn,' G. car.
YEXUE, Ben (Trossachs). Said to be G. meanblt, Avith the ///

aspirated, meaning 'little,' as compared Avith its big

neighbour Ben Ledi. Cf. YARROW.
VICE, Lochan of (Tungland). Old, Yoyis G. lai-lian is 'a

little loch.' Viee is doubtful.
VIDLIX (Shetland). Icel. vid-r, Dan. and SA\'. rid, Avide ; -I in

may perh. be X. hind, a groA'e. The X. Ian means

' sheltered.'
YIGEAXS, St (Arbroath). Vif/eanu* is the Latin form of ^7

Fechan, abbot of Eother, West Meath, d. 664; cf.

ECCLEFECHAX.

YIRKIE (Dunrossness). Icel. virlci, a work, bulwark, castle ;

cf. ' outAvorks,' and WORK Head.
YOE (Shetland). Icel. rij-r, a little bay, inlet. Common in

Shetland Burra Yoe, Hamma Voe, &c.
YOIL, L. (Strathyre). Possibly aspirated form of G. moil,

a heap, or of bail, fur}-, rage.



244 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

YOIRLICH, Ben (L. Lomond). G. mkdr leac, 'big, flat rock,'
or fr. leacach, ' bare summit of a hill.'

VRACKIE, or BHRAGGIE, Ben (Golspic). G. Wireac, bhrice,
spotted, speckled. Cf. BREAKACHY.

YUILLIX, Scuir (Achnasheen). G. sgdr-a-mhuilinn, ' rock
of the mill.'

w

WADDENSHOPE (Glensax, near Yarrow). 1262, Waltamshope,
which is said to mean the Saxon god ' Wodin's valley.'
Of course Waltham is also a man's name. On hope,
see HOBKIRK.

WALKERBURN (Innerleithen). Burn or stream where the
wauMng or fulling or dressing of cloth was done ; O.E.
wealcere, a fuller. See WAUK MILL, and cf. Walkern.
England.

WALLACESTONE (Polmont). The stone commemorating
Wallace's Battle of Falkirk, 1298.

WALLACETOWN (Ayr). Old, Walenseton. ' Abode, village of
the strangers' or ' Welsh,' i.e., Brythons from Strathclyde;
O.E. wcdise, welise, a foreigner. In the first charter
of Paisley, 1160, we find 'Ricardo Walas,' perh. earliest
Sc. mention of the name Wallace. Le Waleys (after-
wards Wallis) was a common Eng. name in the 13th
century. Cf. Wales, Sheffield, and Walesby ; also
GALSTON. ' Wallachia ' has a similar origin.

WALLS (Hoy and Shetland). Hoy W., c. 1225, Orkney. Sag.,
Yagaland; also Saga, Valey. Thought to be 'isle of
the strangers ' (cf. O.E. wealh, a foreigner) ; this is
doubtful. Val- might be Dan. val, Sw. vail, a wall,
rampart.

WALSTON (Biggar). 1293, Walyston, -lliston. = WALLACE-
TOWN. Cf. Walsham, Suffolk.

WAMPHRAY (Beattock). Prob. G. uamh-a-phraimh, 'cave of
slumber ' or ' sorrow.' Cf. UAMVAR.

WANDEL (Lamington). Also called Hartside. c. 1116,
Quendal. O.E. cwen t a woman, a 'queen,' Icel. kvdn,
a wife, + O.E. dael, Icel. and If. dal, a dale, valley.



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 245

WAXLOCK WATER and WAXLOCKHEAD (Sanquhar). Can this
mean 'stream like a woman's ringlet' or 'curl' (O.E.
locc, Icel. lokk-r}1 Cf. WAXDEL. To the east lies
Midlock Water.

WARDIE (Edinburgh). Wardie is a man's name. Cf.
WARRISTOX and Wardington, Banbury.

WARDLAWHILL (Glasgow).

WARRISTON (Edinburgh). Prob. ' Weirdie's abode ' or 'village.'
Cf. above.

WARTHILL (Aberdeen). Prob. fr. its shape, fr. wart, O.E.
loearte, Icel. varta.

WATERBECK (Ecclefechan). Tautology ; here water and beck
(Icel. bekk-r, Dan. baek) both mean ' brook ' (cf. Wans-
beckwater). The O.E. form and sound, leader, is still
preserved on the Scottish border. Cf., too, GALA WATER.

WATERXISH. See VATERXISH.
WATERSIDE (Fenwick). Also in Essex.

WATTEX (Wick), c. 1230, Watne. Icel, vain, water, a
loch.

WAUCHOPDALE (Langholm). 1220, Walleuhope ; 1247,
Waluchop ; c. 1330, Wachopdale ; 1340, Walghopp.
Prob. fr. O.E. wealg, Icel. valg-r, volg-r, warm, lukewarm,
+ hope, a shu1>in valley ; see HOBKIRK.

WAUK MILL (Haddington, &c.). 1561, Walkmiln. 1587,
'The Waulk Miln of Partick.' Sc. icauk is ' to full ' or
'dress cloth,' O.E. icealcan, to turn about, Icel. vdlka,
Dan. valke, to full, cognate with Eng. walk and L.
calcare.

WEDALE (Galashiels). Sic c. 1160. O.E. wd-dael (in Dan.
vee-dal), 'vale of woe,' so called by the Angles from their
great defeat there by King Arthur.

WEDDERBURX (Borders). 1300, Wederburn. Sc. tcedder,
O.E. ivether, a Avether or ram.

WEEJI (Aberfeldy). G. uamh, here pron. warn. Cf.
UAMVAR and WEMYSS. An old Ir. MS. mentions a
high mountain near Dull, called Doilweme.

WEIR, or WYRE (Orkney). Sic Jo. Ben, 1529 ; but c. 1225,

Y



246 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

Orkney. Sag., Vigr ; c. 1500, AVyir. Vigr is prob.
the O.K for ' a bay.'

WELLBANK (Monikie).

AVEMYSS, E. and W. (Fife), and AVEMYSS BAY (Largs).
Fife W., 1239, Wemys ; 1639, Easter Weimes.
WEEM, 'a cave,' with the common Eng. plural s.
There is a Port Wemyss in Islay.

WEST BARNS, CALDER, LINTON, &c. See CALDER, &c.

WESTERDALE (Halkirk), WESTERKIRK (Langholm). Icel.
vest-r, the west; but AVesterkirk is found from 1296
to 1641 as Westerker (cf. CARR), and in 1322 as

Watsterker.

WESTRAW (Lanark). 'AVest row;' O.E. raw.

AVESTRAY and PAPA AVESTRAY (Orkney). Orkney. Say.,
AVestray; c. 1260, Vesturey. O.N". or Icel., vestr-ey or
-ay, 'western isle.' See PAPA.

AA^EYDALE (Thurso). Prob. ' valley (Icel. and X. daT) of the
road ' or ' way ; ' Icel. veg-r, Dan. vei.

AVHALSAY (Shetland). Saga, Hvalsey, i.e., 'whale's isle;'
Icel. hval-r, Dan. and Sw. lival, a whale.

AA T HAUPHILL ^ 7 igtown). Sc. ivliaup is ' a curlew,' fr. O.E.
luceop, wop, a cry.

WHIFFLET (Airdrie). Prof. Rhys suggests to me 'whin
(i.e., furze-covered) flat ; ' as likely ' white (in names
often pron. whit) flat.' On. flat, cf. SKIXFLATS.

AVniNNEYLEGGATE, -LiGGATE (Kirkcudbright). AVith whinny,
i.e., full of whins or furze, cf. AV. clncyn, weeds.
Ligfjateis a gate-post; O.E. leag-geat, 'field-post.' Cf.
Liggatcheek in Dairy.

WHINNYFOLD (Cruden). Prob. 'enclosure or fold full of
whins ' or furze bushes.

WHITBURN (Bathgate). ' AVhite stream ; ' O.E. htcit, Icel.
livit-r, white. Also near Sunderland.

WIIITEBRIDGE (Fort Augustus), AVHiTECAiRXs (Aberdeen),
AViiiTEHiLL (iS T ew Deer ; Aberdour, Fife; Kirkcudbright),
AVHITEHILLS (Banff, Sorbie), WHITEHOUSE (Edinburgh,
Argyle, Aberdeen), WHITEKIRK (Prestonkirk), WHITE-



PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND. 247

NESS (Shetland), WHITERIGG (Airclrie, 1572 Quhitrig ;

see EIGG), WHITEVALE (Glasgow).
WHITEFARLAND (Arran).
WHITEINCH (Glasgow). ' White meadow ' or ' links ; ' G.

innis. Of, INCH.

WHITEMIRE (Forres). ' White-looking swamp ; ' Iccl. mf/rr,
myri, N. myre, a swamp, fen, cognate with the Eng.
moor. Cf. MYRESIDE. and ' Wytteriggemyre,' temp.
William the Lion, in Neivbattle Chart.

WHIT(T)EN HEAD. See its Gaelic form, KENNAGEALL.

WHITERASHES (Aberdeen). Rashes is Sc. for 'rushes,' O.E.
risce, a rush. Cf. Eashiehill, Stirlingshire.

WHITHORN (Wigtown). Early Latin ivriters, ' Candida Casa ; '
1296, Candidas Case; O.E. chron., Hwiterne; 1159,
Whitherne; 1250, Witernen; 1498, Quhithern; a very
old MS. has the form Euterne, with which cf. the
common Aberdeen / for wJi, foo for who, far for where,
&c. O.E. liitit erne, ' white house ' or ' cot,' is a transla-
tion of Candida Casa, the clay house built by St jSlnian,
c. 390. There is a Blackerne in Kirkcudbright.

WHITING BAY (Arran). Xamed from the fish of that name.
Whiting lit. means 'little white thing.'

WHITLETTS (Ayr). Perh. ' white flats,' and so peril. =
WHIFFLEX.



(Chirnside). 1300, Quitesum. Prob. ham, i.e.,
' home of White,' some man, cf. p. Ixxvi. Of course,
qu was a true guttural in Old Scots, and in form 1300
is = the O.E. liw.

WHITTINGIIAM (Haddington). 1250, Whitingham. Prob.
'home (O.E. Mm) of Whitinr/,' i.e., 'the little white
man.' Also in Northumberland, and near Preston.

WICK. Sic in Harbour, c. 1375; but 1140, Vik; 1455,
Weke. Icel. vili, a (little) bay, in Sw. ivili.

WIDEWALL (S. Ronaldsay). c. 1225, Orkney. Sag., Vidi-
vag(r), i.e., 'beacon voe ' or 'bay.'

WIESDALE, WEIS- (Yoe, Shetland). Perh. 'hissing valley ;'
Icel. hvaesa, Dan. hvaese, to hiss, the Eng. wheeze. Cf.
Glen LOY. Perh. = WEDALE.



248 PLACE-NAMES OF SCOTLAND.

WIGTOWN*. 1283, Wyggeton ; c. 1565, Wigston. 'Dwelling,
village on the bay;' O.E. wic, O.X. vigr. See ton, p.
Ixxiv, and cf. Wigg, Whithorn.

WILKIESTOX (Ratho). The name Wilkie is fr. G. guilcach,
rushy, fr. giolc, a rush.

WILSOXTOWX (Auchengray).

WILTON (Hawick). c. 1170, 'Ecclesia de Wilthona or
Wiltona ; ' 1186, Wiltun. ' Abode, village (O.E. tun) of
Will,' i.e., William. Two in England.

WIXCHBURGH (Linlithgow). Perh. ' castle (O.E. lurJi, cf.
BORGUE) with the winch (O.E. winc-e), crane, or hoisting
machine,' or fr. leench (M.E. icenche), a (young) woman.
Cf. Winchcombe, Winchfield.

WINDMILL HILL (Motherwell). Also at Gateshead.

WIXDLESTRAE LAW (Tweeddalc). Sc. for ' windlestraw hill ; '
O.E. icijidelstreow properly means ' straw for plaiting,'
fr. windel, a basket.

WIXDYGATES (Markinch). Gate in Sc. is a way, road,
though O.E. f/eat means ' a gate.'

WINDY GOUL (Queen's Park, Edinburgh). G. and Ir.
gabhal, a fork, a pass. Cf. Ardgoul, Ireland.

WINTOX (Ormiston). c. 1 1 60, Wynton ; 1 2 1 0, Winton. Prob.
' Avindy abode, village ;' O.E. ztiwcZ, wind, in Sc. icin\wuri.

WIRRAX (hill, Lethnot, Forfarsh.). G. fhuaran, a spring of
water.

WISHAW (Lanark). Prob. as next; ' Wice' or ' Wische's
wood ' or SHAW.

WISTOX (Biggar). c. 1155, Ecclesia de Wicestun ; 1159,
Ecclesia ville Withce ; c. 1190, Ecclesia de Wische ;
1406, Wyston. This knight of the 12th century,


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