James Balfour Paul.

The Scots peerage; founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom online

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After the Restoration he was (1665-70) Commissioner
to Parliament for Buteshire. But about the same time
tliere began a series of apprisings of his estates at the
instance of creditors which continued during his life, and
tlirough a part of his sou's ; and on his death in 1670

1 Edin. Marriage Register and Funeral Escutcheon, Lyon OEBce.
^ Wood's Douglas, Pceragfc. '^ Ibid. * Ibid. ^ DoMglas, Peerage. ''Charter
and Sasines, 27 April 1659; Bute Writs, 3, 17; 3, 18 and 3, 19.



STUART, MARQUESS OF BUTE 297

his free estate was escheated for debt at the instance of
Lord Cochrane.'

He married in 1658, with advice and consent of liis
father. Sir James Stewart of Kirlctoun, Knight, and Dame
Grizel Campbell, his mother, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir
John Ruthven of Dunglass, and his wife Barbara, daughter
of Alexander Leslie, first Earl of Leven,^ and had issue : —

1. James.

2. Dougal, Commissioner for Buteshire 1705. Protested

against the Union. Imprisoned in 1708 on suspicion
of favouring a Jacobite invasion. In the same year
he was elected M.P. for Buteshire and also for
Perthshire, made no election which to sit for ; was
appointed a Lord of Session and Commissioner of
Justiciary 1709, under the title of Lord Blaiiiiall;
died 16 June 1712.' He married, 10 March 1700,'
Mary, daughter and heiress of John Bruce, younger
of Blairhall, Perthshire, and had issue : —

(1) James of Blairhall, succeeded 1712, died 1762. Married Mary,

daughter of David Crawford of AUantown, and had issue,
three sons and three daughters.

(2) John of Annefleld, died 1760. Married Anne, daughter of

Francis, Earl of Moray, and had three sons and five
daughters.^

3. Isabel, married, July 1675,* to Ninian Bannatyne

of Karnes, and had issue. Hector Bannatyne of
Karnes.

4. Margaret, married, October 1684, to Dougal Lamont

of Steillag,' afterwards of that Ilk," son of Archibald
Lamont of Steillag, deceased.

5. Barbara, married Alexander Campbell of Barbreck."

6. Elizabeth, married Alexander Stewart of Auchiu-

skeoch."

' Gift, 16 December 1670, of escheat of the late Sir Dugal to Lord
Cochrane ; Declarator, 19 .July 1671 ; Bute Inventory, 55, 19, 1 ; 19, 2.
^ Contract of Marriage, 13 October and 3 November 1658; registered.
Books of Council and Session, 24 February 1663. '■' Brunton and Haig,
488. * Wood, Peerage. ^ Douglas, Baronage, 244 ; and MS. Blair Family
Tree, Bute Writs. " Sasine on contract of marriage, 7 July 1675 ; Bute
Miscel. Writ., ii. 7. ' Contract of marriage 21 October 1684 ; Bute Miscel.
Writ., 15. * Charter, 11 June 1714, Bute Writs. ' Annualrent oblig. by
Earl of Bute, 1710, and discharges down to 1727 ; Bute Miscel. Writ.,
13, 6; Douglas, Peerage. '" Douglas, Peerage; Argyll Testaments, 21
December 1731.



298 STUART, MARQUESS OP BUTE

Elizabeth, Sir Dougal's widow, seems to have died before
the date of lier son Sir James's marriage, as her consent is
not mentioned in the marriage-contract.

I. Sir James Stewart, succeeded his father as third
Baronet in 1670. In the ensuing January the Earl of Dun-
donald received a gift of his ward, marriage and non-entry.'
In 1671 Sir James was appointed bailie of the barony and
regality of Glasgow.^ In July 1680 he married Agnes, born
2 January 1663,^ eldest daughter of Sir George Mackenzie of
Rosehaugh, His Majesty's Advocate for Scotland." Sir
George had bought up the most part of the adjudications led
on Sir James's estates,^ and on his resignation, mainly, Sir
James regained possession of the estates, by charter in 1687.'^
In July 1682 he obtained a lease of the Assize Herring of the
western seas, with powers of justiciary to enforce his rights ; '
in April 1683 he was appointed colonel (as well as captain of
a company) of the Militia Regiment of Foot in the shires of
Argyll, Bute, and Dumbarton;" in June 1684, Sheriff-Prin-
cipal of the shire of Tarbet,° and in February 1686 Sheriff of
Argyll," all in place of the forfeited Archibald, Earl of
Argyll. Between these last dates he obtained, on 24 March
1685, an Act of Council and Session finding him qualified to
exercise the office of an advocate and admitting him
thereto." This qualification enabled him to exercise all his
judicial offices in person.

On 5 June 1685, when Sir James was absent with his
regiment, the forfeited Earl appeared off the island of Bute
with several frigates, harried his lands, and stormed and
took the Oastle of Allangreg, carrying off his stores, furni-
ture, books, etc.'' On the eleventh Sir George Mackenzie
wrote from Edinburgh to Boyle of Kelburn begging him

1 Gift, 13 January 1671, Bute Inv., 55, 19, 3. - 2 September 1671, Bute
Inv., p. 449, 12. ^ Complete Peerage, s.v. Bute. ^ Marriage contract,
24 July 1680, Bute Writs, Miscel. Writ., ii. 2, 4. "^ Assignation, 4 July
1680, etc., Bute Writs. ^ Charter, on resignation of Sir George, John
Boyle of Kelburn, and John MacNeil of Kilmory, 9 March 1687, Beg. Mag.
Sig. It was by a purchase by Kelburn in 1674 that the office of hereditary
Coroner of Bute came originally into the hands of Sir James and his
heirs. ^ Tack, 22 July 1682, Bute Inv., 449, 17. » Commission, 10 April
1683, Bute Inv., 448-449, 11. » 16 June 1684, Bute Inv., 449, 13. " 25
February 1686, Bute Inv., 449, 14. " 24 March 1685, Bute Inv., 449, 15.
^" Letter from the Laird of Kames, dated on board I'he King's Fisher,
16 June 1685, Bute Writs.



STUART, MARQUESS OF BUTE 299

to supply food to the islanders,' and engaging to see him
reimbursed. On the fifteenth the King's ships arrived,
retook the castle, and captured some of Argyll's ships ; ''
but how much of the Sheriff's property was recovered is
not recorded.

Prom 1685 till 1693 he represented Buteshire in the Scots
Parliament. In the last-named year his seat was declared
vacant owing to his failure to take the oath of allegiance
and sign the assurance. He appears to have done so later,
as in 1702 he was re-elected for the shire, made a member
of the Privy Council, and a commissioner to treat for a
union between Scotland and England. On 14 April 1703
he was created EARL OP BUTE, VISOOUNT KIN-
GARTH, LORD MOUNT STUART, OUMRA, AND
INOHMARNOOK, to himself and his heirs-male whomso-
ever.' The Eai'l absented himself from Parliament during
the discussions of the treaty which was adjusted in 1706.

He received the freedom of the burghs of Renfrew (28
June 1683), Glasgow (15 November 1683), and Irvine (19
March 1709).'

He died at Bath on 4 June 1710, and was buried at
Rothesay.^

By his marriage, already mentioned, he had : —

1. Jambs, second Earl of Bute.

2. Margaret, married, January 1697, to John Crawford of

Kilbirnie, afterwards, 26 November 1703, Viscount

Garnock,'* grandson of John, fourteenth Earl of Craw-

foi'd, and ancestor of the present Earl.

He married, secondly. Christian, daughter and co-heiress

of William Dundas of Kincavil. She died at Edinburgh

25 May 1740, and was buried in the burial-ground of

Dundas of Dundas, at Queensferry.' By this marriage

he had : —

3. John,'' born at Rothesay 6 September 1700, died at

Rome without issue in December 1738."

' Letter, 11 June, Sir George Mackenzie to Boyle of Kelburn, Bute
Writs. ^ Karnes's letter ut sup. ^ Patent, 14 April 1703, Bute Writs,
Miseel. Writ., i. 1. * Bute Inventory, 451. ^ Monumental inscription.
" Contract of marriage, 13 January 1697. '' Scots 3Iag.,2i7. ' Rothesay
Parish Register. Bond of provision in his favour, 9 March 1710, regis-
tered 5 October 1710 in the Books of Council and Session. " Crawford,
Peerage, s.v. Bute ; Scots Mag. , i. 44.



300 STUART, MARQUESS OP BUTE

II. Jambs, second Earl of Bute, succeeded his father in
1710 ; was appointed Lord-Lieutenant of the county of
Bute 19 August 1715 ; was also a Lord of the Bedchamber ;
and from 1715 till his death a Scots Representative
Peer. As Lord-Lieutenant of Bute he commanded the
Militia of the shires of Bute and Argyll during the Rebel-
lion of 1715. On the deaths of his mother's brother, George
Mackenzie of Rosehaugh, and of Sir Archibald Oockburn,
her sister's elder son, he succeeded to the estates of his
grandfather. Sir George Mackenzie.' The Earl died on
28 January 1723.

He married, in February 1711, Anne Campbell,' who died
20 October 1736,= only daughter of Archibald, first Duke of
Argyll, and sister of John, Duke of Argyll and Greenwich,
and Archibald, third Duke of Ai'gyll,* and had issue : —

1. John, third Earl of Bute.

2. James Stuart Mackenzie, who succeeded to the estates

of Rosehaugh, according to the provisions of his
great-grandfather. Sir George Mackenzie's will, and
assumed his surname and arms. He was a member
of Parliament from 1742 to 1748, Envoy Extraordinary
to the King of Sardinia 1758, Keeper of the Privy
Seal of Scotland 1762, and a member of the Privy
Oouncil. His retirement from oifice followed that of
his brother.

He married, 16 February 1749, his cousin, Elizabeth
Campbell, daughter of John, Duke of Argyll and
Greenwich, but left no issue. She died on 16 July
1799 ; he died on 6 April 1800.

3. Archibald.

4. Mary, married, 31 October 1729, to Sir Robert Meuzies

of that Ilk, Baronet,^ and died at Castle Menzies,
30 December 1773, without issue.

5. Elizabeth, born 6 March 1717."

' Much litigation liaving taken place before the death of Sir Alexander
rendered the Earl's title undoubted. See Wood's Douglas, Peerage, i. 280a,
n., 288b. 2 Marriage contract, 8 and 19 February 1711, Bute Writs, Miscel.
Writ., i. 6. ^ Musgrave, Obituary. "• She married, secondly, 19 September
1731, Alexander Fraser of Strichen, a Lord of Session under the title of
Lord Strichen, and left a son, Alexander Fraser of Strichen. '' Rothesay
Register of Marriages. Contract of marriage, 31 October 1729, Bute Writs,
Miscel. Writ., ii. 10. " Rothesay Register.



STUART, MARQUESS OF BUTE 301

6. Anne, married July 1736 (as his second wife) to James,

Lord Ruthven, and died 28 November 1786, at Cum-
bernauld House, leaving four daughters.

7. Jean, married William Oourtenay, liad issue, and died

at London 24 January 1802.

8. Grace, married John Campbell of Stonefleld, after-

wards a Lord of Session and Justiciary, with the
title of Lord Stonefleld, had issue, and died at Leven-
side 5 June 1783.

III. John, third Earl of Bute, K.G., was born in Parlia-
ment Square, Edinburgh, on 25 May 1713, and succeeded to
the earldom at the age of nine and a half years, on the
death of his father.'

He seems to liave spent most of the earlier part of his
life on his estates in Buteshire in the business of tree-
planting and the study of botany. In 1737 he was elected
a Scots Representative Peer, and appointed a Commissioner
of Police for Scotland. In the following year he was
created a Knight of the Thistle.' In 1750 he was made a
Lord of the Bedchamber to Frederick, Prince of Wales,
and, after that Prince's death. Groom of the Stole to his
son, Prince George. When the Prince succeeded to the
throne — as George iii. — Bute was continued in that office
till April 1761, when he was appointed Principal Secretary
of State for the Northern Department. In the same year
he was made Ranger of Richmond Parlj, and re-elected, for
the first time since 1737, a Scots Representative Peer.

Though only now a Minister of State and a member of
a House of Parliament, Bute had been virtual Prime
Minister ever since the King's accession. He had come
into power in the midst of the Seven Years War, and
his policy was peace ; but before he liad assumed the
position of first minister of the Crown he was forced into
an additional war, in January 1762, with Spain. On 26
May of that year he became First Lord of the Treasury,
and on the next day, having returned the Thistle, was
made a Knight of the Garter. On 10 February 1763 he
concluded the Treaty of Peace with France and Spain, to

1 Retoured heir to James, Earl of Bute, his father, 25 October 1723,
Register 58, f. 897. ^ Created 10 July, invested at Holyrood 15 August, 1738.



302 STUART, MARQUESS OP BUTE

which his diplomacy liad been directed, and on 8 April of
that year he resigned his post of Prime Minister into the
hands of the King. His resignation was accepted agreeably
to a stipulation he had made with the King when he took
office, that he should be released on the termination of the
war. He retained the charge of the Privy Purse till
August, and then vacated that ofl&ce also, owing to his
finding his service in the Government along with his
successor, Grenville, to be impossible.

He then retired altogether into private life. For a
minister of the Grown in his time he encountered the dis-
advantages of being a Scot, and a favourite of a not very
popular Court, and during the whole course of his connec-
tion with politics was the object of the most malignant
and irrational abuse by the Wliig party in general and by
the Londoners in particular. After his retirement from
politics he became, in 1780, the first President of the
Society of Scottish Antiquaries. In 1761 he was appointed
Ohancellor of Marischal Oollege, Aberdeen, and an Honorary
Fellow of the Royal Oollege of Physicians, Edinburgh.

He died in London on 10 March 1792, and was buried at
Rothesay.

On 24 August 1736 he married Mary, only daughter of
Edward Wortley Montague of Wortley, Yorkshire, Ambas-
sador at Constantinople, and his wife, the celebrated Lady
Mary Wortley Montague, eldest daughter of Evelyn Pierre-
pont, first Duke of Kingston. The Countess eventually
succeeded under her father's will to his estates in Yorkshire
and Cornwall. On 3 April 1761 she was created BARONESS
MOUNT-STUART OF WORTLEY in the county of York,
in the Peerage of Great Britain, with remainder to the
heirs - male of her then subsisting marriage with the
Earl. 'This is a sensible way,' wrote AValpole before the
patent was issued, ' of giving an English [sic] Peerage to
her family regularly, and approved by all the world, both
from her vast property and from her particular merit."
She died on 6 November 1794, in her seventy-seventh year,
at Isleworth, Middlesex.

They had five sons and six daughters : —

1. John, fourth Earl and first Marquess.

1 Letter, "Walpole to Sir Horace Mann, 17 March 1701.



STUART, MARQUESS OP BUTE 303

2. James Archibald Stuart Wortley-Maekenzie, born 19
September 1747 ; M.P. for various constituencies
from 1768 till 1806; raised the 92nd Highland
Regiment, and was appointed its lieutenant-colonel
commandant 27 December 1779.' In 1794, on the
decease of his mother, he succeeded to her estates
in Yorkshire and Cornwall, and assumed the addi-
tional surname of Wortley. Afterwards, in 1803,
on succeeding, on the decease of his uncle, the
Rt. Hon. George Stuart-Mackenzie, to the estate of
Rosehaugh, he further added the surname and arms
of Mackenzie of Rosehaugh.^ He married, 8 June
1767, Margaret, daughter of Lieut. -Gen. Sir David
Ounynghanie, Baronet, of Milncraig, and had : —

(1) John (Coldstream Guards), who, born 8 April 1773, died 14

January 1797 unmarried.

(2) James Archibald, born 6 October 1776 (98th Regiment

and 1st Foot Guards), lieutenant-colonel, raised to the
Peerage of the United Kingdom on 12 July 1826, as
Baron Whabncliffe of Wortley, in the county of
York, with remainder to the heirs-male of his body ;
succeeded by his son John, second Baron Wharncliire, born
1801, died 1855, who was succeeded by his son, Edward
Montague Stuart Granville Montague-Stuart- Wortley Mac-
kenzie, third Baron Wharncliffe, born 1827, created Earl
OF Whabncliffe and Viscount Carlton of Carlton,
in the West Riding of Yorkshire, with remainder to the
heirs-male of his body, failing whom to the heirs-male of
the body of his brother, the Hon. Francis, whose line is
represented by the present Earl.

(3) George, an officer in the Royal Navy, born 1783, died 1813.

(4) William, died an infant.

(5) Mary, born 23 August 1769, married, 1 June 1813, to the Right

Hon. William Dundas, M.P., for Edinburgh, who died in
1845. She died on 9 March 1855.

(6) Charlotte, born 6 May 1771, died young.

(7) Louisa Har court, born October 1781, married, 22 June 1801, to

George, Earl of Beverley, afterwards fifth Duke of Northum-
berland, who died in 1867. She died 31 January 1848, leaving
issue, Algernon, sixth Duke, etc.

3. Frederick, born September 1751 ; died unmarried 17
May 1802 ; M.P. for Ayr Burghs 1776-80, Buteshire
1796-1802.

^ Wood, Peerage, s.v. Bute. This was the original 92nd. ^ jj;^
nephew, Lord Herbert Stuart, contested the succession with him unsuc-
cessfully. For an account of the litigations which arose over Sir George
Mackenzie's will, see Wood, Peerage, i, 285a n., 286b.



304 STUART, MARQUESS OF BUTE

4. Chm'les, K.B., lieutenant-general 1798 ; born January

1753, colonel of the Oameronian Regiment 1777,
served in America, the Mediterranean, and Portugal ;
was Governor of Minorca, and had a command at the
siege of Malta in 1800.' He married Louisa, daughter
and co-lieiress of Lord Vere Bertie, third son of
Robert, first Dnke of Ancaster, and died on 25 May
1801, having had two sons : —

(1) Sir Charles Stuart, Joint Charge d'AfFaires at Madrid 1808,

Envoy to Portugal 1810, Minister at the Hague 1S15, Am-
bassador at Paris 1816, Ambassador at St. Petersburg 1841
till his death in 1845. G.C.B., and P.C. Created, 22 Jan-
uary 1828, Baron Stuart de Rothesay in the Peerage
of the United Kingdom, with remainder to the heirs-male
of his body, created also Count Machico, and Marquis
OF Anora and Knight Grand Cross of the Tower and
Sword in Portugal. He died 6 November 1815.^ He
married, in 1818, the Lady Elizabeth Margaret, daughter
of Philip, third Earl of Hardwicke, and by her, who died in
1867, left two daughters and co-heiresses: —

i. Charlotte, married in 1835 to Charles John, Earl of

Canning, K.G.
ii. Louisa, married, in 1842, to Henry, third Marquess of

Waterford, K.P.

(2) John James Stuart, captain in the Royal Navy, born 1782,

died 1811, having married, in 1807, Albinia, eldest daughter
of the Right Hon. John Sullivan, and had an only son.
General Charles Stuart, of Hoburne, Christ Church,
Hants, Vice-Lieutenant of the county of Bute, and
colonel of the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry.

5. William, born March 1755, a Oanon of Olirist Oliurch

Oxford, Bishop of St. David's 1793; Archbishop of
Armagh 1800, D.D. Married, 3 May 1796, Sophia
Margaret Juliana, daughter of Thomas Penn of Stoke
Pogis. She died in April 1847. He died on 6 Marcli
1822, having issue : —

(1) Williavi Stuart, of Tempsford Hall, in the county of Bedford,

and Aldenhara Abbey, in the county of Hertford.

(2) Henry, M.P. for Bedford.

(.3) Mary Juliana, married to Thomas, second Earl of Ranfurly.
(4) Louisa.

G. Mciry, born 20 January 1740, married, 7 September
1761, to James, Earl of Lonsdale, who died, without
issue, 24 May 1802. She died 5 April 1824.

' Diet. Nat. Biog., s.v. Lt.-Gen. Sir Charles Stewart. ^ Ibid,, s.v.
Charles, Baron Stuart de Rothesay.



STUART, MARQUESS OF BUTE 305

7. Jane, married, 1 February 1768, to George, Earl Macart-

ney, and died in 1828.

8. Anne, married, 2 July 1764, to Hugli, second Duke of

Northumberland, K.G., witliout issue. The marriage
was dissolved by Act of Parliament in 1779.

9. Aucjiista, married to Captain Andrew Corbet, and died

in 1778, leaving issue.

10. Caroline, married, 1 January 1778, to Jolm, first Earl of

Portarlington, and died 20 January 1813, leaving
issue.

11. Louisa, died 4 August 1851, aged 94. Slie was of ex-

ceptional talents, and was authoress of several poems.
A brilliant slcetcli by her of Jolm, Duke of Argyll
and Greenwich,' and a number of her letters, have
recently been printed.'

IV. and I. John, fourth Earl, was born at Mount Stuart
30 June 1744. In 1760 he became M.P. for Bossiney.
In 1772 he was appointed Lord-Lieutenant of Glamorgan,
and on 20 May 1776 was created BARON CARDIFF OP
CARDIFF CASTLE, in the Peerage of Great Britain, with
remainder to the heirs-male of his body. Viscount Mount-
stuart was tlius a member of the House of Lords in liis own
right, while his father remained merely a Representative
Peer. According to the resolution of the House of 1712,
which was only rescinded in 1782, his fatlier the Earl, being
already a Scots Peer, was incapable of being made a British
Peer, so far at least as the House of Lords was concerned.
In 1778 Lord Mountstuart became colonel of the Glamorgan
Militia, and in 1788 Provost of Rothesay. In 1779 he was
made a Privy Councillor and British Envoy to Turin, and from
March till December 1783 lield the post of Ambassador at
Madrid, under the style of Viscount Mountstuart.^ In 1792
lie succeeded his father as Earl of Bute. In 1793 he was

' Some Account of John, Duke of Argyll and his Family, privately
printed, 1863, and again in Letters of Lady Mary Coke, 1889, Edinburgh,
David Douglas ; Gleanings from an old Portfolio, 3 vols. 1895-98, Edin-
burgh, David Douglas. ^ In 1793, after succeeding to the earldom, he
resigned these offices in favour of his son. Viscount Mountstuart, but
resumed them on the Viscount's death in the following year. ■* The title
'Viscount' did not indicate more than his courtesy rank; his father's
only Viscounty being that of Kingarth.

VOL. II. U



306 STUART, MARQUESS OF BUTE

admitted a member of the Royal Society, and in the follow-
ing year was appointed Lord-Lieutenant of Buteshire, and
on the death of his mother inherited the peerage of Baron
Mount Stuart of Wortley. In 1795 he returned to Madi'id as
Ambassador, which office he held till 1796. On 27 February
of that year he was created VISCOUNT MOUNTJOY
IN THE ISLE OF WIGHT, EARL OP WINDSOR AND
MARQUESS OF THE COUNTY OF BUTE, with remainder
to the heirs-male of his body.'

He married, first, on 11 November 1766, Charlotte Jane,
born 7 May 1746, eldest daughter, and eventually sole
heiress of Herbert Hickman Windsor, Viscount Windsor
and Baron Mouutjoy, by his wife Alice, daughter of Sir
John Olavering, Baronet. Through this marriage the
estates of the Herberts, Earls of Pembroke, afterwards
descended to the house of Bute. The Marchioness died on
28 January 1800, and tlie Marquess married, secondly, on
17 September, Frances, daughter of Thomas Ooutts of the
Strand, banker, who survived her husband, and died 12
November 1832.

The Marquess died at Geneva 16 November 1814, having
had seven sons and two daughters by his first marriage,
and a son and a daugliter by his second, viz. : —

1. John, Lord Mountstuart, of wliom below.

2. Herbert Windsor, born in 1770, died unmarried in 1825.
3 Evelyn James, a colonel in the army, born 1773, died

16 August 1842.

4. Charles, in the Royal Navy, born 1775, lost in H.M.

frigate Leda in 1796.

5. Henry, born 7 June 1777, married, on 15 July 1802,

Gertrude Amelia, daughter and heiress of George
Mason-Villiers, second and last Earl Grandison.
Lord Henry died on 19 August 1809 ; his wife died
eleven days after, leaving three sons and a
daughter, all of whom on 17 November 1822 took
the additional surname of Villiers. They were : —

(1) Henry VilHers-Stuart of Dromana, born 8 June 1803, M.P.
for Waterford 1826-30, Banbury 1830. On 10 May 1839 he



Patent sealed 1 March 1796.



STUART, MARQUESS OF BUTK 307

was created Baron Stuart de Deoies in the Peerage of the
United Kingdom, with remainder to the lieirs-male of his
body. He died at Dromana 23 January 1874. He was said
to liave married Madam de Ott, but her son, Henry Windsor
Villiers, born 1827, died 1895, the politician, traveller, and
Egyptologist,' was unable to establish his claim to the
Peerage.

(2) Captain William Villiers-Stuai't, born 21 August 1801,

died 14 September 1879. Captain 12th Lancers, M.P. for
Waterford, married, 1 June 1833, Catherine, daughter,
and eventual heiress, of Michael Cox of Castletown, co.
Kilkenny. Issue.

(3) Charles Villiers- Stuart, born 11 September 1808, died without

issue 19 December 1871, having married, in November 1830,
Elizabeth, daughter of Rear- Admiral .John Rouet Smollett
of Bonhill.

(4) Gertrude Amelia, who died unmarried in 1826.

6. William, a captain in the Royal Navj'. Born 18

November 1778, died 28 July 1814, having married, in
June 1806, Hon. Georgiua Maude, daughter of Oorn-
wallis, Viscount Hawarden. She died 31 August
1807, leaving issue an only daughter, Georgiua, who
died unmarried in 1833.

7. George, a rear-admiral in the Royal Navy, O.B. Born

at Turin, 1 March 1780, married 7 October 1800, Jane,
daughter of Major-Geueral James Stewart. She died
1 February 1862, leaving issue : —



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