ment, 231-232; growth of cities in,
at expense of the country, 235 ; great-
ness of the future possible for, 244-
Calhoun, John C., 215.
Calvinism and the Scottish race, 215.
"Cambridge Modern History," lack
of superfluous literary ornament in
Cambridge University, beginnings of,
153-154; ideals and aims of, 157-160.
Canova, work of, in sculpture, 174-175
Carlyle, Thomas, tendency to public
speaking deplored by, 283 ; mingled
scientific and literary treatment in
historical work of, 352.
Certainty, characteristic of, in the Com-
mon Law, 47-48.
Champlain, Lake, address on the Ter-
centenary of the Discovery of, 265 ff.
Champlain, Samuel de, 8; fine char-
acter of, 269270; aims of, in ex-
plorations, 273; Lake Champlain
a lasting memorial to, 279.
Charlemagne, character of mission
work of, 129.
Chattanooga, address before Missionary
Convention at, 125 ff.
Chicago, boldness of architectural plans
Chicago University Address, 15 ff.
Christianity, causes retarding world-
wide spread of, 137 ff. See Missions.
Cicero, discourse of, on poetry, 284.
Cities, life in, contrasted with life in
the country, 235-236; necessity of
sound political conditions in, 237-
238; opportunities open to, for work
for citizens, 238.
Citizens, dependence of strength of a
state on character of its, 37-38.
Civil War, effects of the American, as
felt by Virginia, n; the Constitution
and the, 413-416.
Classical studies, the purpose of, 319 ff.
Classics, time to be devoted to reading
Clearness in public speaking, 286-287.
Colonial type of architecture, 192.
Columba, St., 129.
Columbus, Christopher, the spirit which
actuated, 8, 269.
Common Law, address on the Influ-
ence of National Character and His-
torical Environment on Develop-
ment of the, 41 ff . ; distinguishing
qualities of the, 45 ff. ; conception
of rights of the individual citizen,
45-46; recognition of the state and
the executive as clothed with the
authority of the whole community,
46-47 ; the principles of precision,
definiteness, and exactitude in, 47-
49; respect for forms of legal pro-
ceedings, 49 ; love of justice and fond-
ness for subtle distinctions, 49-50;
influence on, of qualities of race of
men who built it up, 51 ff.; slavery
under the, 59-60 ; the jury as a feature
of, 60-62; technicality of the older,
62-64; causes leading to growth
of system of Equity, 64; effect of
England's insular position on char-
acter of, 65-67; features of, derived
from Roman law, 67; reaction of,
on character of people who created
it, 68-69; importance of, for the
political system of the United States,
69-70; essentially identical character
of, in England and America, 70-71 ;
a main factor in the greatness of the
Congress, customs of, open to discus-
Constitution, Virginia's part in fram-
ing of, lo-n ; address on the, 407 ff. ;
the men who framed the, 411-412;
decrease in unqualified admiration
for, 412; influence of, in the Civil
War, 413-415 ; as a steadying ele-
ment in the state, 416-417; criti-
cisms of, in the main criticisms of
usages grown up around, 417 ff.
Cooperative methods among farmers,
Corporations, legislative difficulties
raised by, 97.
Cortez, Hernando, 8.
Cromwell, Oliver, 4.
Dante, loss from reading, in a trans-
Darwin, Charles, 197.
Dead languages, the so-called, 28.
Declaration of Independence, the Ameri-
can, log, no.
Delivery, importance of, in public speak-
De Soto, 269.
"Dictionary of National Biography,"
style followed in, 350-351.
Digby, Sir Kenelm, 71.
Down, Scotch-Irish in, 217.
Dryden, amount of, necessary to read,
Dulness, avoidance of, in public speak-
Ecclesiastical history, importance of
study of, 342-343.
Education, effects of modern science
as felt by, 1718; comparison of
value of scientific and of literary, 19;
comparison of scientific and of literary,
as to intellectual enjoyment in later
life, 20 ff. ; effect of, on man in re-
gard to politics, 116-117; effect of,
on public spirit, 121-122; devotion
to truth to be instilled by, 122-123,
168 ; specialization in, 303 ff . ; stimu-
lation of curiosity the chief end of,
312; one main use of a university
education to arouse interests and tastes
outside of business, 320, 338.
England, in the i7th century, 34;
adventurers and explorers of, con-
trasted with those of Spain, 9 ; present-
day pride of, in American republic,
12-13; system of Parliamentary
legislation in, 76 ff. ; the universities
of, 157-160; restoration of ecclesi-
astical edifices in, 180-191 ; honour
paid to the memory of Lincoln in,
200, 203 ; steadying forces in the
political structure of, 416.
English land law, 57.
Equity, Common Law and the system of,
Ethics, as a field for intellectual enjoy-
Explorers, distinguishing qualities of
the early, 89, 268-269.
Fiction, the reading of, 374-377.
Fluency, advantages and dangers of,
in public speaking, 284-285.
Forests, preservation of American, 277,
France, legislative method in, 95;
steadying forces in social and political
structure of, 416.
Franklin, Benjamin, 346, 411.
Freedom, value placed on, by settlers
of Virginia, 9; relation of, to a peo-
ple's ability to govern themselves,
114115; necessity of, in university
Freeman, E. A., 345, 348.
Friendships, as one gam of college life,
Froude, J. A., 346.
Fulton, Robert, a Scotch-Irishman, 216.
Gall, St., missionary to the Germans, 129.
Galloway, Scotch-Irish in, 219.
Gallon, Francis, manual compiled by,
Gardiner, S. R., 348.
General education and special educa-
Germany, universities of, 156-157;
settlers from, in Pennsylvania, 409-
410; influences which are steadying
elements in, 416.
Gibbon, Edward, 345.
Glacier Park, Montana, 398.
Gladstone, William, 197.
Grammar, use of, as a study, 321.
Grand Cafion of the Colorado, 397-
Great Britain, classes of legal enactments
in, 77 ff.
Great men, value of, as national posses-
Greek, the study of, 319, 320, 321,
323, 324 ff.
Green, J. R., historical style of, 352-
Green Mountain Boys, the, 271-272.
Green Mountains, forest preserves in
Guicciardini, historical style of, 351.
Guizot, French historian, 347.
Hague Court, the, 250.
Hallam, Henry, 345.
Hamilton, Alexander, 411.
Hampden, John, 4.
Heidelberg University, founding of, 154.
Henry, Patrick, 215.
Herodotus, an originator of historical
History, intellectual enjoyment from
study of, 26; risk of too close atten-
tion to dry details and exact methods
in, 30; address on Architecture and,
181 fi. ; architecture the interpreter
of, 187; specialization in study of,
305-306; wherein lies the profit of
knowledge of, 320; literature the
best source of knowledge of, 320-330;
the classical age of Greece and Rome
as an introduction to, 330331 ; ad-
dress on the Writing and Teaching
of, 339 ff. ; present zeal for, contrasted
with earlier lack of interest at uni-
versities, 341342 ; importance of
study of ecclesiastical, 342-343 ; the
scientific treatment of, 343 ff. ; He-
rodotus and Thucydides models for
writers of, 334; so-called literary
school of writers of, 344-346 ; scientific
school of writers represented by
Niebuhr, Guizot, Ranke, etc., 346-
349; causes leading to scientific
handling of, 348-349; dryness of the
modern scientific writers of, 349-
350; examples of mingled literary
and scientific treatment of, 352-353 ;
scientific school of, represented by
Buckle and Herbert Spencer, 354-
359; qualities demanded for the
highest kind of work in, 363-364.
Hudson, Henry, 268, 273.
Imagination, necessity of, in writing of
history, 364; cultivation of, by read-
ing fiction and poetry, 376-377.
Independence of mind in reading, 386-
India, American missions in, 135.
Individual, rights of the, under the
Common Law, 45-46.
Initiative, the, 115.
Iowa, State University of, address to,
Ireland, tribute to great men originating
in, 173, 222-223; proposal to settle
Dutch in, 208; recent improvements
effected in, 223-224.
Jackson, Andrew, 215.
Jamestown Island, address delivered
at, i ff.
Japan, relations of, with United States,
Jefferson, Thomas, 8 ; address on, 107 ff .
Jentryns, Sir Henry, 88.
Johns Hopkins University, address at,
Johnson, Samuel, 221.
Jokes in public speaking, 290-291.
Jonson, Ben, 3.
Judgment, freedom of, in reading, 386-
Jury, the, as a feature of the Common
Kelvin, Lord, a Scotch-Irishman, 220-
Kennedy, Lord Justice, 71.
Kidd, Captain, 215.
Knowledge, joy in, a gift of university
life, 1 68.
Lake Mohonk Conference address, 247 ff .
La Salle, 8, 269, 270, 271.
Latin, the study of classical, 319 ff. ;
loss from reading literature in trans-
Law, interrelation of liberty and, 14;
appreciation of value of, by Pilgrim
Fathers, 38-39; drawbacks to the
study of, 1 86. See Common Law.
Lawrence, Sir Henry, 220.
Lea, Henry C., 305, 352, 361.
Lee, Robert E., n.
Legality, spirit of, in England, due to
influence of the Common Law, 68-
Legislation, address on Conditions and
Methods of, 73 ff.
Liberty, inseparability of law and, 14.
Lincoln, Saint-Gaudens' statue of, 177;
address on the Character and Career
of, 195 ff. ; universal admiration and
honour of, in America, 224-225.
Lingard, John, 351, 361.
Liquor traffic, evils of, among barbarous
Literary historians, school of, 344-346.
Literary ornament in public speaking,
Literature, instruction in, compared
with instruction in science as to results
in later life, 20 ff . ; the mental stimu-
lus and pleasure of poetry, 27-28;
effect of training in, on true appre-
ciation of art, 28-29; dangers of too
close attention to technicalities of,
29-30 ; the best source of a knowledge
of history, 320-330-
Livingstone, David, 132.
Lowell, J. R., as a public speaker, 291.
Lucretius cited, 129.
Macaulay, as a historical writer, 352;
rapidity as a reader, 385.
Magellan, spirit which actuated, in
explorations, 8, 269.
Magna Charta, 56.
Maitland, F. W., 348.
Marshall, Chief Justice, n; a Scotch-
Mason, George, 8.
Mayflower compact, 38-39.
Michaelis, J. D., 347.
Milton, John, 4.
Missions, address on, 125 ff. ; work of,
begun by the Apostles, 129; as car-
ried on by Charlemagne and later
conquering forces, 129-130; later
propagation of Christianity by peace-
ful methods, 130; the fourth or pres-
ent-day stage of, 130132 ; work of
American and British, 134-136 ; causes
of comparatively slow progress of
modern, 136 ff . ; desirability of com-
plete separation from political sup-
port, 144-145; the present a critical
moment for, 146-150; objects to be
aimed at by, 150.
Mommsen, Theodor, 348, 362.
Moore, Thomas, as a historian, 345.
Morris, William, 191.
Motley, John Lothrop, 345.
Muratori, rank of, as a historical writer,
National Parks, address on, 389 ff.
Natural history, enjoyment to be de-
rived from pursuit of, 23-24
Natural sciences, dangers of too great
specialization hi study of, 306 ff., 326;
influence of. on the writing of history,
Nature, appreciation of pleasures of,
to be derived from literary training,
Negroes, first African, imported into
New South Wales, national parks in,
Newspapers, responsibility of, for ill-
feeling between nations, 255-256.
New York City, magnificence of archi-
tectural enterprises in, 194, 197.
New York State Bar Association address,
New Zealand, national park in, 398.
Niagara Falls, deterioration in scenery
Niebuhr, German historian, 347.
Notes, use of, in public speaking, 294.
Novel reading, 374-377.
Oral evidence, practice of using, under
English Common Law, 62, 67.
Orders in Council, English, 78.
Ornament, literary, in public speaking,
Oxford University, early instruction
in Roman law at, 66; the beginnings
of, 153-154; chief aims and purposes
Parkman, Francis, 348, 352.
Parliamentary draftsman, office of,
Parliamentary legislation, English sys-
tem of, 76 ff.
Patrick, St., 129.
Pennsylvania Society of New York,
address to the, 407 ff .
Pennsylvania Station, New York, archi-
tecture of, 194.
Perigueux, restoration of cathedral
church of, 100.
Philosophy, intellectual pleasures and
enjoyment from study of, 26.
Pilgrims, address on the Landing of
the, 33 ff. ; motive of, in settling in
America, 36-37; effect of character
of, on State they helped to found,
37-38 ; comparison of ancient Romans
and, 38; value of law recognized by,
3839; effect of traditions and mem-
ory of high thoughts bequeathed by,
Pitt, William, 284.
Poetry, as a source of mental stimulus
and pleasure, 27-28; the reading of,
374; cultivation of the imagination
by, 376-377; choice of, for reading,
Pollock, Sir Frederick, 71.
Portland, Me., address, 41 ff.
Prague, University of, founding of, 154.
Precedent, weight of, in judicial decisions
under the Common Law, 48-49.
Precision, principle of, in the Common
Presbyterian system of church govern-
ment, formation of republican spirit
in America by, 214-215.
Priestley, Joseph, 346.
Private acts, British, 77, 81 ff. ; in
Provincetown, Mass., address, 33 ff.
Psychology as a field for intellectual
Public Speaking, Some Hints on, 281 ff.
Public spirit, effects of intellectual
training upon, 122.
Pym, John, 4.
Quakers, among the early settlers of
Rainier, Mount, 397.
Raleigh, Sir Walter, 4.
Ranke, L. von, 348, 362.
Reading, address on Some Hints on,
365 ff. ; choosing the best in, 368-
369; dryness no sign of excellence in
books for, 360-370; question of ex-
tent of field to be covered in, 371
374; of fiction, 374-376; of poetry,
376-377 ; of classics of other countries,
378; purpose and concentration in,
378-380; methods to be followed in,
381-383; system in, 383-385; de-
sirability of swiftness in, 385-386 ;
independence of mind in, 386-387.
Referendum, the, 115.
Restoration of churches in England and
Robertson, J. C., historian, 345.
Roman law, characteristics of English
Common Law originating in, 67.
Romans, character of the ancient, com-
pared with that of Pilgrim Fathers,
Root, Elihu, 261.
Russell, Sir Charles, a Scotch-Irishman,
Rutgers College address, 365 ff.
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, address on
the Art of, 171 ff.
San Francisco Bay, praise of, 230.
Scenery, of Vermont, 276-279; conserva-
tion of American, by creating national
parks, 394 ff.
Schiller, as a historian, 345.
Science, far-reaching effects of modern,
17-18; comparison of instruction in,
and of instruction in literature as to
intellectual enjoyment in later life,
Sciences, specialization in study of,
Scotch-Irish, as settlers in Pennsyl-
Scotland, universities of, 155, 160;
exclusion of the public from the best
scenery of, 394.
Scoto-Irish Race in Ulster and in
America, address on, 205 ff.
Sculpture, consideration of the art of,
Seeley, Professor, 350.
Shakespeare, 3 ; enjoyment derived by,
from his fellow-men, 25.
Shaw Memorial, Boston, 177-178.
Sidney, Sir Philip, 4.
Slavery, beginnings of negro, in America,
7 ; view taken of, by the Common
Slave trade, as a retarding force to
progress of Christianity, 143.
Sorrow, Saint-Gaudens' statue of, 177.
Spanish adventurers contrasted with
Specialization in university education,
Spencer, Herbert, 358, 359.
Spenser, Edmund, 4; the reading of,
Spoils system in American national
State Universities, address on the Mis-
sion of, 151 ff. See Universities.
Statute law, British, 85 ff .
Statutory Rules and Orders, English,
Stubbs, William, 348.
Switzerland, legislative method in, 95 ;
cooperation of legislative and execu-
tive branches of government in, 410-
420; influence of American Constitu-
tion on latest constitution of, 424.
Tacoma, Mount, 397.
Tariff legislation, 97.
Teachers in schools, importance of in-
fluence exercised by, 242243.
Tennyson, Alfred, 197.
Thorwaldsen, the work of, 175.
Thucydides, a master of historical com-
position, 344; critically exact spirit
shown by, 349; historical style of,
Tocqueville, quoted, 105.
Torture, use of, forbidden by the Com-
mon Law, 62, 63.
Translations, question of use of, in
studying ancient literature, 334-336.
Truth, devotion to, to be instilled by a
university education, 122-123, 168.
Tyranny, the Common Law a safe-
guard against, 46-47; Thomas Jef-
ferson's views of, 113-114.
Ulster, the Scotch-Irish of, 217-220.
Union College, address at, 339 ff.
Universities, address on the Mission
of State, 151 ff. ; origins of the earliest,
153-155; consideration of German,
English, and Scottish, 156-160; char-
acteristics of American, 160161 ;
founding and supporting of, by state
governments, 161-163; risks to state-
controlled, of curbing of freedom
and of favouring branches from which
pecuniary gain may be expected, 163-
166; the great benefits to be derived
from, 167-168; ways for graduates
to repay their debt to, 168-169;
address on " What a University may
Do for a State," 227 ff . ; opportunities
open to, for State service,, 239 ff . ;
promotion of athletics at expense of
intellectual excellence in, 240-242 ;
influence exercised by alumni of,
in forming public opinion, 242 ;
function of demonstrating the wealth
in life besides mere material things,
243 ; address on Special and General
Education in, 299 ff. ; specialization
in studies at, 303 ff .
University education, effects of, on men
as regards politics, public spirit, and
devotion to truth, 116-123.
University instruction and intellectual
pleasures, 15 ff.
Vacarius, Lombard instructor of law,
Vermont, the founders of, 271-272;
resources of, in its people and its
Virgil, quoted, 22.
Virginia, address on the Beginnings of,
Virginia, University of, address at, 107
ff. ; Jefferson's aims and motives hi
Virginia Company in London, 9, 10.
Washington, George, 109, 203, 411.
Water power, utilization of, to detri-
ment of scenery, 396.
Watt, James, 17.
White Mountains, creation of forest
reserves in the, 402-403.
Williams, Roger, 37.
Wilson, James, 411-412.
Wisconsin, University of, Commence-
ment Address to, 151 ff.
Witherspoon, John, 214.
Wolf, F. A., Prolegomena to Homer of,
Wordsworth, William, 29, 197.
Yellowstone National Park, 397.
Yosemite Park, 397 ; exclusion of auto-
mobiles from, 398-399.
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