James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

. (page 12 of 88)
Online LibraryJames Champlin FernaldConcise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... → online text (page 12 of 88)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

i. To be on Are; appear or feel hot; be
eager or excited; klow.

burni, n. An ef^t or injury from burn-
ing; abomtnlace.

bumS, n. [Scot.] A brook or rivulet.
bourntf boumet*

burn'er, bum'er, n. One who or that
which boms; the part of a lamp, or the
like, that carries the flame.

bui^ntsliS bur'nish, vt. & ti. To polish
by friction; make or become bright.

bnrnt. burnt, pp. of burn, v,

burr, bur, n. 1. A roughness or rough
edge, or a tool that produces it. 2 . A burr-
stone or a millstone made of it. See bur.
— bnrr^stone. n. A bard, compact rock,
from which mlUstoneB are made.

ba r'r©. bur' 5, «. [8p., or Southwestern F. S.]
A small donkey, used as a pack-animal.

bur'row, bur'O. I. vt. & vi. To dig
into or through; perforate; make or live
in a burrow. II. n. 1. A hole made in
and under the ground, as by a rabbit.
2. A mound or barrow.

burst, b&rst I. vt. & vi. [burst;
burst'ing.] To rend or break sudden-
ly or violently; become suddenly active;
break forth, out, or away. II. w. 1. A
sudden or violent explosion. 2. A spurt;

bar^tben, bl^'dhn, v. & n. Same as burden.

bur'y, ber'i, vt. [bur'ibd, -id; bur'y-

ino.] To put in or under the ground;
inter; hide; cover up; engross deeply;
absorb. — bur^y-lngsgrouna''^, n. A cem«

busn, bush, n. 1. A thickly branching
shrub. 2. A forest with undergrowth.
3. A bough.— bush'y, a. Covered with
bushes; sbaggv.

bu sb^el, bush' el, w. A measure of capac-
ity, four pecks, or a vessel that holds it.

busli^lns, bush'ing, n. A metallic lining
for a hole, as in the hub of a wheel.

bui/l-ly, blz'i-li, adv. Actively; industri-

business, biz'nes, n. 1. An occupa-
tion; trade; profession; calling. 2. A
matter or affair; interest; concern; duty.

bus'kln, bus'kin, n. A laced half«boot,
worn by Athenian tragic actors; hence,

bust, bust. n. The human chest or breast;
a piece of statuary representing the hu-
man head, shoulders, and breast.

bus^tard, bus'tord, n. A large Old World

bus'tle, bus'l. I. vt. & vi. [bus'tled;
bus'tling.] To hurry; hustle; make a
stir or fuss. II. n, Excited activity;
noisy stir; fuss.

bus^y* hiz'i. l.vt. & vi. Fbus'ied, -id;
Bus^Y-iNGJ To make or be busy; occupy
oneself. II. a. [bus'i-er; bus'i-bst.j
1. Intensely active; habitually occupied;
industrious; dili^nt. 2. Ofilcionsly act-
ive; prying* meddling.— bu8'y-bod'^y,biz'-
I-bea'I, n. [-bod'ies*, p/.] A meddlesome

but, but. I. adv. No otherwise than; no
more than; only. II. prep. Leaving out;
except; barring. III. cor0. Except; yet;
nevertheless; however; notwithstaudmg;
though; even if; besides; again.

butch'er, buch'fir. I. vt. To slaughtei
(animals) for market; kill (men) barba-
rously. II. n. 1. One who slaughters ani-
mals or deals in meats. 2. A oloody or
cruel murderer.— butch'er-ly, a. Of or
pertaining to a butcher.— butch'er-y,
Duch'§r-I, n. [-ie8«, pi.] Wanton or whole-
sale slaughter; a slaughterohouse.

but^ler, but'ler, n. A man-servant in
charge of the dining-room, wine, etc.

butf., but, vt. & vi. 1 . To strike with or
as with the head or horns. 2. To pro-
ject; jut; abut.

butt^ n. 1 . The larger or thicker end of
anything. 2. A hinge. 3. A target

bntt^, /?. A stroke or push with or as with
the head.

Gr; flut|^ (future); cdtele; au (put); oil; c (k); cliat; db (the); go; sing, ipk; titin.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



butt*t but, n. A large cask; a measure of
wine, 136 U. S. gallons; a pipe.

butte, bat, n. A conspicuous hill or nat-
ural turret.

but^ter, bot'fir. I. vt. To put butter
upon. II. n. The fat of milk, separa-
ted by churning.— but'ter-mllk'^, ». The
llquldf left after churning.

but'ter-cnp'^, bot'gr-cup", n. A plant
with yellow cup-shaped flowers; also, the

but'ter-lly'^, but'fir-flai", n. [-flies'"
pi.] 1. An insect with brightly colored
wings. 2. A gay idler or trifler.

but'ter-nut'sbut'gr-nut", n. The North-
American white walnut, or its fruit.

but'ter-y, but'gr-i. I. a. Containing,
like, or smeared with butter. II. n.
[-iEs», pi.] A pantry; a wine-room or wine-

but'tock, but'QC, n. 1. The hinder part
of a ship's hull. 2. pi. The rump.

but'ton, but'n. I. vt. & vi. To fasten
with or as with a button or buttons. II.
n. A knob or disk, as of bone, for fasten-
ing a garment by passing through a but-
tonhole; a pivoted fastener for a door,
window, etc.; a knob or protuberance.
— biit'tou-hole", but'n-hor, n. A slit
to receive and hold a button.

but^toIl-ll^ood'^ but'n-wud", n. The
American plane-tree, syc'a-moret.

but'tress, but'res. I', vt. To support
with a buttress; sustain; uphold. II. n.
A structure built against a wall to strength-
en it; a support. See illus. in next column.

bux'om, bux'um. a. Healthy, plump, and
comely; brisk and cheerful.

buy, bal, vt. & vi. [bought, bSt; but'-
ING.] To obtain for a price; purchase; be
a price for; make a purchase or parchase^.

— bay'er, n. ^
buzz, buz. 1, vt. & vi. p

To whisper; gossip; hum, r
as a bee; murmur. II.
n. A low murmur, as of
bees, of talk, or of distant
sounds; rumor; gossip.
buz^zard, buz'ard, n.

1. A large hawk. 2. An
American vulture, tur'-

by, bai, adv. 1. At hand;
near. 2. Beyond; past.
3. Aside; apart; off; up.

— by and by. 1 . After
a time; at some f utiu^ time.

2. The hereafter. 3H. At
once; Immediately. — by'-
way^, a side or secluded lane, road, or wsr
opposed to highway. by'(path^4:i by'=

by, prep. 1. Beside; past; over (a cx)nrs*l

2. Through the agency or help of; wiit

3. In accordance with ; according to. 4.
To the extent of; multiplied, in to.— bv thf
bye or by, by the way, Incldentalfv; n

by'gonCe", bai'gen", a. & n. Gone bj;
former; past; sqmethmg past.

by' slaw", bai'-iS", «. A subordinate ruk
or law. bye'slaii'"J.

by'stand^'er, bai'stand'gr, n. One wbo
stands by; a looker-on.

by'word''', boi'wurd', n. An object o'
derision; nickname; a trite saying; prov-



C, c, st, n. [^CEES, C's, or Cs, stz, ;?/.] The
third letter m the English alphabet.

cab, cab, n. A one-horse public carriage;
the covered part of a locomotive.

ca-baF, ca-bal'. I. vi. To plot. II. w.
A number of persons secretly united for
some private purpose; intrigue*; plot.

Cab'bai^e, cab'ej, n. The close-leaved
head of any one of certain plants; also, the

cab^ln, cab'in. I. vt. & ri. To shut up
or dwell in a cabin; hamper: conttne; lim-
it. II. n. 1. A small, nide house; hut.
2* A small room; officers' or passengers'
apartment on a vessel.

cab'1-net, cab'i-net, n. 1. A state conri-
cil, or its meeting-place; a room for speci-
mens, etc. ; a study or closet, a. A piece of
furniture fitted with shelves and drawer*
— cab' i- net* marker, 71. one vrb^
makes household furniture.

ca'ble, ke'bl. I. vt. & vi. [ca'blet:
ca'bling.] 1 . To fasten, as by a cable.
2. To send (a message) by submarine tel^
graph. II. w. 1. Aheavyropeorchait.
as for an anchor, etc. a. A cable*
length, 100 fathoms. 3 . An insul ated U'ir-
graph wire or wires, as for a submarir.^

ca-boose', ca-bfls'. n. 1 . A conductor:

papd, ask; at, &ir; element, th^y, us^ge; it, g, i (ee); o, 5h; orator, er; full, rule; hot

Digitized byLjOOQlC



car on a freight-train. 2. Tke cookie
galley on a ship.

cab'^rl-o-let', cab"ri-o- d', «. A one-
horee covered carriage; a cab.

•ca-ca'o, ca-k6'0, n. Chocolate-nuts, or
the tree producing them.

«aclie, cash. I. vt. To place in a cache;
hide. II. n. A place for hiding some-
thinR. as in the ground.

cacii^ln-na^tlon, cak'i-ng'shun, n.

J Loud laughter.

(eack'l(e, cak'l. 1. vi. rcACK'L(E)D;

, CACK'LiNe.] To make a cackle; chatter.
II. «. The shrill, broken cry made by a
hen after laying an egg; idle talk; chatter-
ing; chuckling.

•eac'tus, cac'tus, n. [cac'ti, cac'toi or
-tt, or cac'tus-es, pi.} A green, fleshy,
spmy plant.

cad, cad, n. 1 . A low
fellow. 2. [Eng.]
The conductor of an
omnibus. s^

ca-daT^er-ous, ca- S

dav'fir-U8, a. Like a ; ^

corpse; pale; ghastly, j K^

cad^dy, cad'i, n. , T"

[cad'dies*, p^.] A re-
ceptacle for tea.

•ca'dence, ke'dgns, n. r

Bhythmical move-
ment, as in music;

•ca-det', ca-det', n. 1. A pupil in a mili-
tary or naval school. 2. A younger son
or brother serving in the army without a

Cse^sar, st'zar, n. A Roman emperor; any
powerful emperor.— Cie^sar-ism, n. Mili-
tary despotism; impenalism.

ca"f(6', cg'fg', n. A coffee-house; restau-
rant; coffee.

ca^e, kSi. I. vt. [caged; CA'amci.] To
shut up in a cage; confine; imprison. II.
7?. A structure, with openwork of wire or
bars, as for confining birds or beasts.

^ cairn, cSm, n. A monumental heap of

cals^son, kg's^n, n. 1 . An ammunition-
chest or -wagon. 2. A large water-tight
box within which work is done under water.

cal'tlflT, kfi'tif. I. a. Vile; cowardly;
base. II. n. Abase, wicked wretch.

ea-Jole^, co-iol', vt. & vi. [ca-jolbd'; ca-
jo'lino.T To impose on by flattery; dupe.
— ca-jo'Ier-y, n. [•iK8«,p/.]

eake, k6k. I. vt. & vi. [caked*; cal-
king.] To form into a hardened mass.



II. n. A sweetened and baked article
of food: any small, thin mass, as of dough,
etc., baked or fried.

cal'a-basli, cal'a-bash, n. A gourd, or a
vessel made from it.

ca-lam'l-ty, ca-lam'l-ti, n. [-ties', pi.]
A misfortune or disaster; adversity.— ca-
lam^i-tons, a. -ly, adv. -ness, n.

cara-mus, cal'a-mu8,w. [-Mi,-maior-mt,
pi.] 1. A kind of flag. mweeVsfitis^t'
2 . A clhnbing rattan ; reed; ouill ; pen ; flute.

ca-lash', calash', n. A low light car-
riage with folding
top; a folding car-

cal-kfi'r^us, a. Of,
containing, or like
lime or limestone.

caFcl-mlne, caF-
si-main. I. vt.
[-mined; -mi'-
NiNG.] To apply
calcimine to. II. n. A white or tinted
wash for ceilinj^, walls, etc.

cal^dne, cal'sm, vt. & vi. [cal'cined;
CAL'ciN-iNG.l To make or become friable
by heat.— cal'>'oI-na'tioii, n.

cal'cu-late, cal'kiu-lfit, vt. & vi. [-la'-
TED«*; -LA"TiNG.] To computc mathemat-
ically; figure up or out; reckon; estimate;
plan.— eal'cu-la-bl(e, a. That may be
calculated or counted upon.— cal''c«-la'-
tlon, n. The act or art of computing;
computation; reckoning.— cal^cu-la^'torf
n. One who calculates: a calculating-ma-
chine; a set of tables for calculations.

cal'cu-lus, cal'klu-lus, n. [-li, -lai or
-It, nl.] 1 . A stone-like concretion, as in
the bladder. 2. A method of calculating
by algebraic symbols.— cal'cu-lous, a.
Stony; gritty.

caFdron, cSl'dron, n. A large kettle.

cal'en-dar, cal'en-dar, n. 1 . A system,
atic arrangement of days, months, and
years. 2. An almanac.

cal^en-der, cal'en-dgr. I. vt. To press
between rollers. II. n. A machine for
giving to cloth, paper, etc., a gloss by
pressing between rollers.

calfi, cdf, n. [calves, cdvz, pi.] The
young of the cow, its skin, or leather made
from It, called calfskin.

calf^, 71. [calves, pi.] The hinder part
of the human leg below the knee.

can-ber, I cal'l-b^r, n. The size of bore.

caFl-bre, fas of a gun-barrel; individual
capacity or power.

cal'l-co, cal'i-cO, n, [-coes* or -co8«, pi."]

<|r; fmtlQre (fatnre); aisle; au (out)', ell; c (k); eliat; db (the); so; sinff, i^lc; thin.

Digitized byLjOOQlC

Digitized byLjOOQlC



ca^naille^« C9*n€r, n. The rabble; mob.

ca-naF, ca-nal', n. An artificial inland
waterway; a channel, groove, or duct.

ca-nard'', ca-nttrd', n. A fabricated sen-
sational story.

ca-na^ry, ca-n§'ri, n. [-ribs", »?.] 1 . A
finch, originally of the Canary islands. 2,
A bright yellow color. 3. Wine from tiie
Canary Islands.

can'cel, can'sel, vt. [can'celbd or can'-
cellbd; can'cel-ing or can'cel-ling.]
To mark out or off; annul ; revoke.— ean''-
cel-a^tion, n.

ean^cer, can'sgr, n. 1 . A malignant and
conimonly fatal tumor* any inveterate and
spreading evil. 2. [C-J The Crab, a zodi-
acal constellation or sign. See tropic.
— can^cer-onsf a.

ean^de-la^brum, can'd§-lg'bnrai, n.
[-BRA, pi.] A branched
candlestick or Iamp«stand.

ean'did, can'did, a. Sin-
cere; ingenuous; frank;
fair, -ly, adv. -ness, n.

ean^dl-date, can'di-dgt,
n. A nominee or aspirant
for any position.— can'-
di-da-cy* can'di-de-sl, n.
t-ciK8«, pi.] The state or

Sositlon of being a candi-
ate. can ' di - date '' -
shiptt can^di-da-turet«

can^dl(e, can'dl, n. A cyl-
inder, as of tallow or wax,
containing a wick, for light- Candelabrum,
ing; a light. — can'dle-
fstlck^^ n. A support for a candle or candles.

can' dor, can'd^r, n. Sincerity; frank-
ness; impartiality; fairness, ean^dour^.

can^dy, can'di. I. vt. & vi. [can'dibd,
can'did; can'dy-ing.] To cover with or
become like hardened sugar. II. n.
[can 'dies', pi.] A sweetmeat of sugar or
molasses, or both.

cane, ken. I,vt. [caned; ca'ning.] 1.
To beat with a cane. 2, To bottom or
back with cane, as a chair. II. n. 1 . A
-walking-stick. 2. A slender, flexible
woody stem or plant, as a rattan or the
sugar-cane.— cane-brake'', n. Land over-
growTL with canes.

ca-nlne', ca-nain^ a. Of, pertaining to,
or like a dog.

can'ls-ter, can'is-tgr, n. 1. A metal
case, as for tea, etc. 2. A metallic cylin-
der filled with bullets to be fired from a

can^ker, cap'ker. I. vt. & vi. To infect
with canker; eat like a canker; corrode;
fester. II. n. An ulcerous sore; a group

of small ulcers in the mouth; a disease of
fruit-trees; any secret or spreading evil.
— can'ker«worin'', n. An Insect de-
structive to fruit-trees.

can'nl-bal, can'i-bal, n. A human being
that eats human flesh.— can'ni-bal-ism,
n.— can^ni-bal-is'tic, a.

can'non, can'un, n. [can'nons or can'-
Noir, 2>l-] A great gun for
heavy shot.— can^non- I
ade', can'un-M'. I, vt. &

vi. [-A'DKDd; -A'DINQ.] TO

attack with cannon-shot; *
fire cannon repeatedly. II.
71. A continued attack with Modern Krupp
or discbarge of cannon.— Steel Cannon.
can'^non-eer'. n. A sol-
dier who serves as gunner. can''non-ier'1:.

can'not, can'gt. Can not. See can», v.

ca-noe', ca-nu', n. A light boat, as of
bark, propelled by paddles.

can'onS can'en, n. 1. A rule or law;
standard. 2, The books of the Bible that
are recognized by the Church as inspired.

can'on^, n. A dignitary of the Church of

ca-non', Icd-nyOn' or can'yun, n. A

can'y on, j" deep gorge or ravine.

ca-nonle-al, I ca-non'ic-al, ca-nen'ic,

ca-non'lc, ) a. Belonging to the can-
on of Scripture; lawful; accepted or ap-
proved.— ca-non'le-al-ly.otftj.—ca-non'-
ic-als» ca-non'ic-alz, n. pi. Official robes
of the clergy.— can''on-ic'i-ty, can'gn-
Is'l-tl, n. The quality of being canonical.

ean'on-lze, can'§n-aiz, vt. [-ized; -i'-
ziNG.] To enroll among the saints.
— can''on-i-za'tion, n.

ean'o-py, qan'o-pi. I. vt. [-pied; -py-
iNG.] To cover with or as with a canopy.
II. n. [-PIES*, pi.] A suspended cover-
ing, as over a throne, shrine, bed, etc.

eant^ cant. I«>. vt. & vi. To slant; tip
up; tilt. II. n. An inclination or tip-
ping; a slant.

cant^. Id. vt. & vi. To talk with affected
religiousness. II, n. 1. Formal, ostenta-
tious, religious talk. 2, Any technical
or professional phraseology.

can't, cgnt. [Colloq.] Cannot.

can'ta-Ioup, can'ta-lGp, n. A variety of

can-ta'ta, c^n-td'tg, n. Mua. A choral
composition in the style of oratorio.

ean-teen', can-ttn', n. Mil. 1. A sol-
diers' drinking-flask. 2. A sutlers' re-
freshment- and liquor-shop.

ean^ter, can'tgr. I. vt. & vi. To ride or
move at a canter. II. n. A moderate,
easy gallop.

Or; fllltl^re (fatore); aisle; au (out); ell; e (k); eliat; dli {the); so; eing, iipk; thin.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



ean^l-clCe, can'tl-cl, n. A non-metrical
hymn, to be chanted.— Can'tl-cle», n.
JB6. The Song of Solomon.

can'tt-lev'^er, can'ti-lev'er, n. A heavy
bracket supporting a balcony, or reaching
oot from a pier, and joming with another
to form a bridge.

ean'to, can'to, n. A division of a poem.

can^ton, can't§n. I. vt. & vi. 1. To
divide into cantons, a. To assim to or
enter into quarters. II. n. 1. A district,
as of the Swiss confederation. 2. The
Dart of a flag next the staff.— can'ton-
ment, n. A place for lodging troops, as in
a town. . - .

fcan'Tas, can'vas, n. A heavy, strong
cloth for swls, paintings, ete.

ean^TassS can'vos, v. I. t. To solicit
personally, as votes or trade; examine;
icrutinize; sift. II. i. To go about
soliciting votes, orders, or the like.
— can'va»s-er,n. ■. ^^.

can'Tass, 91. 1. The going about to so-
licit orders, interest, or votes. 2. A de-
tailed examination; inquiry; scrutiny.

caH^yon, n. See ca^on.

caout'cliouc, cQ'chuc, n. India-rubber,

cap, cap. I. vt. & vi. [capped; cap'-
TTSQ.] 1 . To put a cap on ; cover ; crown ;
excel. 2. To doff the cap, as in saluta-
tion. II. n. A covering without a
brim, to be worn upon the head; a cover-
ing at the top or end of anything.

ca'pa-bl(e, k6'pa-bl, a. Able to do or to
receive; efficient; qualified; competent.

-ca"pa-bil'i-ty, k6'pa-bfl'l-tl, n.
'-TIES*, pi.] The state or quality of being
capable, ca^pa-bl (e-nesst.— ca'pa-bly»

ca-pa'dous, ca-pfi'shus, a. Able to
contain much; spacious; roomy, -ly, adv.
-ness* n.

ea-pac'i-ty* ca-pas'i-ti, n. [-tibs*, pL]
Ability to receive, contain, understand,
ete.; cubic extent; ability; talent; char-
actor or office; also, legal qualification.

— ca-pac/i-tate, ca-pas'i-tet, vt. [-ta*-
TBDd; -ta'ting.] To make capable; qualify.

cap"*asple', cap'-a-pt', adv. From head
to foot. cap"«a«pe'^.

ca-par'l-son, ca-par'i-sun. l,vt. To put
housings on; clothe richly. II. n. Showv
trappings (for a horse); sumptuous apparel.

cape^, kgp, n. A xx)int of land extending
into the sea or a lake.

cape^, n. A short cloak.

ca'per, k§'pgr, vi. To leap playfully; frisk.

ea'per^, n. Leaping or frisking: prank.

ca'per'*, n. pi. The flower-buas of a
Mediterranean shrub, used as a condiment.

cap'11-la-ry, cap'i-lfi-ri. I. «. Of, per-
taining to, or like hair; slender; having a
hair-l&e bore, as a tube. II. n. [-rie8»,
pi.] A minute vessel, aa those connecting
the arteries and veins; any tube with a fine

cap'1-tal, cap'i-tca, a. 1. Chief; prin-
cipal; admirable. 2. Of or pertaining to
the death penalty; punishable with death.
— cap^i-tal-ly, adv. 1. Excellently. '2.
So as to deserve death.

cap^l-tal^n. 1. A chief city; the seat
of government. 2. A large letter used at
the beginning of a sentence, of a props
name, ete. cap^l-tal let'ter$.

cap'l-tal^, n. Wealth employed in or
available for production; resources; &i-
vantages.— cap'l-tal-lst, n. An owner of
capital. ^ , .

cap^l-tal', n. The upper member of a
column or pillar.

cap'l-tal-izei. cap'i-
tol-aiz, vt. L-ized;
-I "ZING.] To begin
with a capital letter.

cap't-tal-lze^, vt.
[-ized; -i'zing.] To
convert into capital or


Egyptian Capital


cap"l-ta'tlon, cap'i-
te'shun, n. An individual assessment or tax.

Cap'1-tol, cap'i-tel, n. 1 . [U. S.l Tie
official building of Congress; a state-hoas:
2. The temple of Jupiter Maximus in ss-
cient Rome, or the hill on which it stood.

ca-plt^u-late, ca-pit'yu-let, vt. & ^■
[-LA'TED«»; -LA'TiNG.] To Surrender ft
conditions; make terms. — ca-plt"u-la •
tion, «. A conditional surrender; a treatr

ca'po n, kS'pun, n. A cock specially bm-
for the table.

ca-prlee', ca-prls', n. A sudden unres
sonable change; a whim; freak; capricious
disposition.— ca-prl'clous, ca-prish'us. -i
Fickle; whimsical, -ly, adv. -ness* fi- ,

Cap^rl-corn, cap'ri-cSm, n. A conste^
lation or sign of tne zodiac See tropic

cap^sl-cnm, cap'si-cum, n. The plat'-
producing red pepper, or
Its fruit.

cap-size', cap-saiz', vt.
& vi. [cap-sized'; cap-
si' zing. J To upset; over-
cap'stan, cap'ston, n.
An upright windlass for
hoisting anchors, etc.
cap'snle, cap'sifil, n. A seed-vessel, ascf-
pink or a lily ; a small case, shell, cap, or gft^

pap4i, gsk; at, ah:; el^mfint, thSy, usfge; it, |, i (ee); o, oh; orator, or; full, rfUe; bu;

Digitized byLjOOQlC



capital n. cap'tgn, n. The commaD^er
of a veesel. or of a company of soldiers; a
chief: leaaer.— cap'taln-cy, n. [-cie8»,
pi. ] The position, rank, or term of office of
a captain, cap^tain-shipt.

cap^tlon, cap'shun, n. A title, introdac-
tion, or heading.

eap'tlous, cap'shus, a. 1. Faultfind-
ing; over-critical. 2. Perplexing; so-
phistical, -ly, adv. -ness, n. : i ^

eap^tl-vate, cap'ti-vet, vt. [-va'ted**;"
-VA'TiNG.] To charm; wn; fascinate.

cap^tlT(e, cap'tiv. I. a. Taken prisoner;
held in confinement or bondage. II. n.
One captured and held in restraint; a pris-
oner. — cap-tlv'l-ty, n. Imprisonment;
bondage: thraldom.— cap^tor, n. One who
takes or holds captlye.

cap'ture, cap'chnror-titlr. \*vt. [cap'-
TURED ; CAP'TUR-iNG.] To take captive or
possession of; win. II. n. The act of cap-
turing; that which is captured.

car, cdr, n. A wheeled vehicle; railway
carriage; basket of a balloon.

ca^ra'^ba'©, cd'rd'bfi'o, n. [P. I.] A water

car^a-bine« n. Same as carbine.

ca-rat'e^, ca-rgf, n. A glass water-bottle.

car^a-mel, car'a-mel, n. 1. A confection
of sugar, butter, etc. 2. Burnt sugar.

car^at, car'at, n. 1 . A twenty-fourth part
of the fineness of gold. 2. A unit of
weight for gems, about 8.2 grains.

car'a-Tan, car'a-van, n. An Oriental
armed company of traders, etc. ; a traveling
menagerie. — car^a-van'sa-ry, -sa'ri n.
L-BiE8«,i?/.] An Oriental hostelry or inn.

ear^a-ivay , car'a-wd, n. A European herb
or its spicy fruit, the so-called seeds.

carabine, cClr'bain, n. A horseman's
rifle.— car"bl-neer', cClr'bi-nIr', n. A
soldier armed with a carbine.

car-boFle, cdr-bel'ic, a. Of or pertain-
ing to coal-tar oil.— carbolic acid, a
caustic poison, used as an antiseptic and dis-

car'bon, car'b§n, n. A non-metallic
chemical element; pure charcoal.— car"-
bo-na^ceons, cdr'bo-n^'shlus, a. Of,

Kertalnlng to, or yielding carbon.— car'-
On-ate. I, tt. f-A'TEOd; -A'TING.l TO

charge with carbonic acid. II, m. A salt
of carbonic add.— car-bon^ic, cflr-ben'lc,
a. Of, pertaining to, or obtained from car-
bon.— carbonic acidf a heavy, colorless.
Incombustible gas.- cnr^on-if^er-ona,
a. Containing or yielding carbon or coal.—
car^bon-ize* cGr'ben-alz, vt. [-ized;
-i"ziNG.] To reduce to carbon; coat or
charge with carbon.
car^boy, cdr'bei, n. A large glass bottle

enclosed in a box or in wickerwork, for
corrosive acids, etc.

car^bnii'''cl(e, cdr'bup'cl, n. 1. A
malignant boil. 2. A gem of brilliant fire
and deep red color.

car^cass, \ cQr'cas, n. 1. The dead body

car^case, t of an animal. 2. The frame,
as of a house or ship.

card**, cflrd, vt. To comb, dress, or
cleanse with a card. See card^, ;;.

card^, n. !l. A piece of cardboard bear-
ing a name, etc., or symbols for use in
play. 2. Cardboard.- card'board'^. n. ,
A tbln pasteboard of fine quality and finish. ,

card^, n. A wire-toothed brush, as for
carding wool.

ca r^dl-ac , cdr'di-ac. a. Pertaining to, sit-
uated near, or affecting the heart.

car^di-nal, car'di-nal, a. 1. Of prime
importance; chief. 2. Of a rich red
color: vermilion.

car'dl-nal, n. 1. One of the princes of
the Roman Catholic Church. 2. The
American red-bird, a red crested finch.
car^dl-nal«blrd^t 3. A
bright and rich red color.

— car'di-nal-ate, n. The
rank, dignity, or term of office
of a cardinal, car^di-nal-

care, car. I. vi. [cared;
car'ing.1 To be interested or
concerned; be inclined or dis-
XX>8ed; desire. II. n. 1.
Anxiety or concern; solici-
tude. 2. Charge or oversight, cardinal*
3. Regard or attention ; heed. bird. Via

4. Any object of solicitude.

— care'fal, a. Ewjrclslng, marked by
or done with care; attentive; prudent; cfr-

cumspect. -ly, adv. -ness, n.— care'«
IfesSf a. Free from care; neglectful; heed-
less; llghtohearted; negligent; easy, -lyf
adv. -neaSf n.

ca-reen', ca-rtn', vt. & vi. To tip or in-
cline to one side, as a vessel.

ca-reer', ca-rtr'. I. vi. To rush; sweep
on. II. w. A free and swift course, run, %.
or charge; a life or period of notable

ca-resB^, co-res'. I*, vt. To touch en-

Online LibraryJames Champlin FernaldConcise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... → online text (page 12 of 88)