James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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etn'der, sin'dgr, n. A burnt-out coal; a
scale from forged iron; slag.

cin'^e-mat^o-ffraph) n. A kinetograph.

ein^na-mon, sin'a-mun, n. The aro-
matic inner bark of a
tropical laurel. S

cinque^fotl, sipc'feil, n. ' P

1. Arch. A five-cusped id %

ornament or window. 2.
Bot. A plant, with flve-
lobed leaves.

ci'plier, sai'fgr. I. vt. &
m. 1. To calculate arith-
metically, a. To write in
secret characters. II. n.
1. The character 0; zero.
3. A method of secret
writing; anything so writ- ^ - ^ * « « ^. . u^
ten. 3. A monogram. ^'^^^'^ 2. Cinna-

ev'iili<»r+ m on -bark, pre-

cy pner.,.. pared for market.

€lr-ee^an, sgr-sl'an or
-c§'an, a. Bewitching and degrading, like
the goddess Circe, wno transformed men
into swine.

clr'clCe, sgr'cl, vt. & vi. [cir'cl(e)d; cir'-
CLiNG.] To encircle; move in a circle.

clr'elCe, n. 1. Geom. A plane figure
bounded by a curved line called the cir-
cumference, everywhere equally distant
from a point withm called the center; also,
the circumference. 2. Anything circu-
lar; a ring. 3. An association; set; co-
terie; class.— dr'clet, n. A small ring.

Clr'cult, sgr'kit, n. A passing or traveling
round; distance around; district traveled
over; compass; circumference. — clr-cu'i-
tous* sgr-klO'l-tus, a. Of or like a circuit;
Indirect; roundabout, -ly, adv. -ness* n.

cir'cii-lar, sgr'kiu-lar. I. a. Forming,
bounded by, or moving in a circle; round;
circulating. II. n. A letter, or the like,
for general circulation.— clr''cu-lar'l-ty,

n. [-TIES«,P?.]

f i


etr^eu-Iate, sgr'kiu-lgt, v. [-la"ted«>;
-LA'TiNG.] 1. 1. To spread abroad; dis-
seminate. II. i. To move in a com-
plete circuit, as the blood through the
body; become diffused, as a report.— clr"-
ca-la^tioii, sgr-klu-lS'shun, m. Transmis-
sion: dissemination; extent or amount of
distribution; a current medium of exchange.
— cir'cu-la''tor, w.— cir'cu-la-to^ry*
8gr'kIu-lg-to"rl, a. Of or pertaining to cir-
culation; circulating.

clr^'cum - am^bi - ent, sgr'cum-am'bi-
gnt, a. Extending around ; encompassing.

etr^eum-else, sgr'cum-saiz, vt. [-cisbd;

-ci'siNG.l To perform circumcision upon.

— cir^'cum-ci^sioii, ser'cum-slzh'un, n.

The Initiatory rite of Judaism; spiritual

purification; the Jewish people.

cir-eum^fer-enee, sgr-cum'fgr-gns, n.
The boundary-line of a circle; distance
around; circuit. — elr'^cum-fe-ren'tlal, a.

etr^eum-flex, sgr'cum-flex, n. A mark
( ^ '* "■ ) used over a letter to indicate the
combination of a rising with a falling tone.

ctr^^eiiin-ja^eent, sgr'cum-jd'sgnt, a.

cir^^eum-lo-cu'tton, sgr"cmn-lo-kifl'-
shun, n. Indirect or roundabout expression .

elr'^cum - nair'l - gate, sgr'cum-nav'i-

g§t, vt [-GA"TED«*; -GA'TING.] To sall

around.— clr'^cum - nav'^l - ga^tion, n.—
cir'^'cain-naT^i-ara^'tor, n.

clr^'cum-po'lar, sgr'cum-po'lar, a.
Near, surrounding, or revolving about a

cir^cum-serlbe', sgr'cum-scraib', vt.
[-scribed' ; -scri'bing.] To draw around ;
limit; define.— clr^cum-scrlp^tlon, n.

cir^cum-speet, sgr'cum-spect, a. Watch-
ful; cautious; well-considered.— clr^'cuni-
spec^tion, cir'^cum-spect^ness* «.—
cir^caiii-spect^''ly, adv.

etr^cum-stanee, sgr'cum-stans, n. 1.
Something incidental: an incident. 2. pL
Environment; situation, income, etc.

— cir"cuin-8tan'tial, a. 1. Consist-
ing of details; minute; particular. 54, Per-
taining to or dependent on circumstances.
-ly, adv.— cir '' cum - stan ' ti - ate* vt.
r-A'TEDd; -a'tinq.] To Set forth or prove
by circumstances.

clr^'cum-veiit''', sgr"cum-vent/, vt. To
get around; get the better of, as by craft.

— cir^'cum-ven'tioii, n.
elr'cus, sgr'cus, n. A show of feats of

horsemanship, etc.; also, the enclosure
where it is given.

elr'rus, sir'us, n. [cir'ri, sir'ai or -typl."]
A tufted form of cloud.

cts^tern, sis'tgm, n. A reservoir for hold-
ing water.

©r; flllt|^e (future); aisle; au (out); ell; c (k); chat; dli (the); go; sing, i^k; tliln.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



cit^a-del, 8it'a-del, n. A fortress com-
manding a city.

cUe, sait,t?^ [ci'tbd«»; ci'ting.I 1. To
quote or name; reier to. 2. Law. To
summon before a tribunal. — ol-ta'don,
aaf-t^'8hnn, n. 1. The act of citing, or a
passage cited. *2. Lau). A Judicial summons.

eU^i-zea, sit'izn, n. 1. One owing al-
legiance to, and entitled to protection
from, a government. 2, A resident of a
city or town. 3. A private person: one
who is not a public ofllcer nor a soldier.

I — cit^i-zen-ship, n. The status of a

, citizen, with Its rights and privileges.

elt'ron, sit'run, n. A fruit like a lemon,
but larger and less acid; also, tlie tree (cit-
ron-tree) yielding it. ^

clt'y, sit'i, ra. Xcit'ib8»j < f

5lt'y, sit'i, ra. J;cit'ib8», -^
pL] A place inhabited
by a large, permanent,
organized community, j


clv'et, 8iv'§t, «. An <
animal secretion of j[
musk'like odor; also,
the animal secreting it,
often called civet'cat. nf^em

dv'lc, siv'ic, o. Of or. ^^^^^

pertaining to a city, a citizen, or citizenship.

clv'll, siv'il, a. 1. Formally polite. 2.
Of or pertaining to a citizen. 3. Occur-
ring between citizens of the same country,
as a war.— civil service, the departments
of the public service that are neither military
nor naval.— ci-TiFian* sl-vll'yan, n. One
occupied with civil life; one not a soldier.
— cl-Til'i-ty, sl-vll'l-tl, n. [-ties«, pZ.] For-
mal politeness; also, a civil act or speech.-
ciT'll-ly, adv.

clv'1-llze or -Use, siv'i-laiz, vt. [-lized;
-Li'ziNG.] To bring into a condition of
organization, enlightenment and progress;
reclaim from savagery.— civ"I-li-za'tion
or -sa^tion, 8lv'l-lT-z6'8hmi, n. The act of
civilizing, or the state of being civilized.

clack, clac. I^ vt. & vi. To clap; rattle;
chatter. II. n. A clapping sound, or
something producing it; chatter.
— clack'er, n.

cladt clad, imp. & pp. of clothe, v.

claim, clgm. I. vt. &vi. To lay claim
to; make a claim; maintain. II. r?. 1.
Tlie demand of something as a right; as-
sertion of a right; a right or title. 2. The
asserting, as of a fact. 3. Anything
claimed, as a settler's tract.— claim'ant,
n. One who makes a claim.

clalr-iroy'ance, clar-vei'ans, n. As-
sumed preternatural knowledge, as in a
trance.— clair-voy'ant,^ a. &n.

clam, clam, n. An edible bivalve mollusk.


clam'ber, clam'bgr, vi. To climb with

clam^mj, clam'i, a. Damp and cold;

soft ana sticky.— clam^mi-iy, adv.—

clam^ml-ness, n.
clam'or, clam'§r. I. vi. To cry out;

vociferate. II. n. A loud repeated

outcry; vociferation; noisy confusion of

voices, clam'our:^.— clani'or-ous, a.

Making or made with clamor, clam^onr-

oust. -ly* adv. -ness* n.
clamp, clamp. I*, vt. To join as by a

clamp. II. n. A device for holding or

binding together two or

more iMirts.
clan, clan, n. A tribe,

as of Scotch Highland-
ers; set; clique. — cian'-

nish, a. Like a clan;

clinging together. -ly,

adv. -ness* n.— claii^«

ship, 11. Union under a

clan -des^ tine, clan- - gcrew.cUmD

des'tin. a. Kept secret; g. SenS? a. jSf:

concealed. -ly, adv. elers'.

clang, clang. I. vt. & vi. To send forth

as a clang. II. n. A ringing sound, as of

clan^eor, cia^'egr, n. Repeated clang-
ing; clamor, cian^gonit.— claii'gor-
ous, a.

clank, clapk. I^. vt. & vi. To send forth
as a clank. II. n. An abrapt, short,
harsh metallic sound.

clap, clap. I. vt. & vi. [clappbd* or
clapt; clap'ping.] To strike together
with a sharp sound, as the palms of the
hands; applaud by clapping; place quickly
or suddenly. II. n. The act or sound of
clapping.— clap'per, n. One who or that
which claps.— clap'trap'% n. Something
designed to evoke applause; cheap or un-
worthy artifice.

clapOboard, clap'bord, w. An overlap-
ping board in the sheathing of a house; a

clar^et, clar'et, n. A red table-wine.

clai^l-ff, clar'i-foi, vt. [-riED, -fold;
-PY'iNG.] To make clear or transparent;
free from impurities.— dar^i-fl-ca'tlon,
n.— clar'i-fl'^ep, n.

clar'1-net, clar'i-net, n. Mas. A wooden
wind-instrument with keys, clar'i-o-

clar^-on, clar'i-gn, n. A small trami>et,
or its sound.

clasb, clash. I^ vt. & vi. To strike to-
gether with a clash; collide; conflict; in-

papA, 98k; at, ftir; element, th6y, usgge; It, |, t (ee); o, 6h; orator, «r; full, rfile; but.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



terfere. II. n. A coBfused resounding
metallic noise; collision: conflict.

clasp, clgsp. I', vt. To take hold of;
fasten. II. «. 1. An overlapping fast-
ening, as of a book. 2. A firm grasp or

class, clgs. F. vt. To group in classes;
assign to a class. II. n. A body of per-
sons or things somewhat alike; a number
of students having the same teacher or

das ^ sic, clasMc. I. a. Of the first
rank in literature or art; pertaining to
Greek or Latin authors, clas'stc-alf*
II. n. A standard work of literature or
art, as of Greek or Roman genius; the
author of such a work.— clas^sl-cal'l-ty,
n. The quality of being classical. clas^«
sic-al-nesst.— c1as^8ic-al-iy« adv.

clas'si-fy^v clas'i-fai, vt. [-fibd; -rr'-
iNe.] To arrange in a class or classes.—
clas^si-fi-ca'tioii, clas'I-fl-kfi'shun, n.
A classifying, or a system of things classi-

clat^ter, clat'gr. I. vt. & vi. To rattle;
make a clatteir. II. n. A rattling noise;
noisy talk; chatter.— clat'ter-er, n.

clause, cI9z, n. 1. A distinct part of a
composition, as a paragraph or article.
3. Gram. A subordmate sentence.

claus'tral, clSs'tral, a. Cloistral.

claTeS, cl6v, <mp. of clbavei or oleavb*, v.

clav^t-cl(e, clav'i-cl, n. The collar-bone.
— cla-Tic^u-iar, a.

claur, clS. I. vt. & vi. To tear or
scratch as with claws; use the claws or
nails. II. n. A sharp, curved, homy
nail; a claw-like part; a stroke or move-
ment as with claws.

clay, cl§, n. A common plastic earth; the
human body.— elay'ey, cl^'§, a.

clay'more", cl^'mOr". n. The two-
handed broadsword of the Scottish High-

clean, cltn. I. vt. To make clean;
cleanse. II. a. Free from dirt, impu-
rity, or defilement; unblemished; pure;
complete. l.l\,adv. In a clean manner;
nnqualifiedly; wholly.
— clean'er, n.— clean 'ness, n.

clean^ly, clen'li, a. Neat; tidy; pure.
— clean^li-ly, a<ff .— clean^li-ness, n.

clean^ly, cltn'li, adv. In a clean man-

cleanse, clenz, vt. [cleansed; clbans'-
INO.] To free from dirt or defilement;
clean; purge.

elear, cltr. I. vt. &vi. 1 . To make or
become clear; brijghten; clarify; clean;
free; acquit. 2. To gain over and above

expenses. II. a. 1. Free from anything
that dims or darkens; unclouded; unob-
structed; distinct; intelligible. 2. Free'
from responsibility, defect, guilt, or blem-
ish. 3. Without deduction: net. 4. Un-
disturbed; serene. 5. Plain; evident.
III. n. Unbroken or unol^tructed dis-
tance or space. IV. adv. Wholly; com-
pletely; quite; clearly: plainly.
— clear'ly, adv.— c\ea,r^nesa, n.

clear'ance, cllr'ans, n. 1. A clearing.
2. A certificate permitting a vessel to sau.

clear^ins, cltr'mg, n. A making or be-
coming clear; that which is clear; a tract
of cleared land.— dear'ing'house^, n.
An office where bankers exchange drafts and
checks and adjust balances.

cleat, cllt. 1*1. vt. To furnish with a
cleat or cleats. II. n. A cross-strip, as
of wood or iron.

cleav(e», cltv, vt. &vi. [clept, cleft, clove,
clOv, or clave,- clSv; cleft, clo'ven,
clo'vn, or clbav(e)d; clbav'ing.] To
cut through; sunder; split.— eleav'a-bl(e,
cllv'a-bl, a. Capable of being cleft.—
cleair'age, cUv'0}, n. A splitting or tend-
ency to spilt; a split; cleft; division.—
cleaT'er, n. One who or that which
cleaves; a butchers' chopper.

cleav(e«, vi. [clbav(b)d; cleav(e)d or
CLAVEll ; CLBAY'INQ.] To stlck fast; cling;

clef, clef, n» Jfus. A character placed
upon the staflE to ^

determine the

cleft, cleft, imp. &

/7P. of CLBAVEI, v.
eft, pa. Divided

pp. of clbavei, v.

>ieft, pa- Divided

partially or com-


1. Treble or G clef. 8.
- . Bass or F clef.

Cleft, n. An open-
ing made by cleaving; fissure; crevice; rift.

dem^a-tis, clem'a-tis, n. A perennial
flowering plant of the crowfoot family.

clem'en-cy, clem'gn-si, n. Mildness
toward offenders; leniency; mercy.

— clem'ent, a. Lenient; mild; pleasant. \
-ly, adv.

clencb, clench. I*, vt. To grasp firmly;
close tightly, as the fist or the teeth;
clinch. II. n. A clenching; firm grip;
clinch.— clench'er, n. One who or that
which clenches; a clenohlng-tool; an un-
answerable argument, clinch'ert.

clep'^to-ma'nl-a, clep"to-mg'ni-a or
-mg'ni-a, n. An insane propensity to
steal.— clep"to-ma'nl-ac, n.

cler'gy, cler'ji, n. [cler'gies*, pi.] The
body of men ordained to the Christian

flr; fmtlflre (future); aisle; an (out); all; c (k); cliat; dli (<Ae); go; sinff, i^;ik; tfiln.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



miniBtry.— eler'sy-nian, n, [-men, pi.]
A Christian minister.

cler'lc, cler'ic. I. a. Clerical. II. n.
Ana. Ch. A clerk in holy orders.

cler'lc-al, cler'ic-al, a. 1 . Of or belong-
ing to the clergy. 2, Of or pertaining to a
clerk or clerks or of penmanship. — clerical
error, an error of inadvertence In a writing.

clerk, clerk (Eng. clOrk), n. 1 . One who
keeps records or accounts; a secretary;
[U. S.] a salesman. 2. Ana. Oh. One
who leads in the responses.— clerk'ahlp, n.

clev'er, cleVgr, a. Ready and adroit;
capable; talented, -ly, adv. -ness, n.

clew, clfl. \, vt. 1 . To move or fasten
by or as by a clew. 2. To coil or roll up
into a bunch. II. n. 1. A thread that
guides through a maze; something that
leads to the solution of a mystery. 2. A
loop at the comer of a sail. 3. A ball of
yam. clue$.

click, die. V; vt. & vi. To make or
cause to make a click. II. n. A short
dull sound, as from a light blow.

cll'ent, clai'fint, n. One for whom an at-
tomey acts.

cli'^en-tele', claren-tir or -tel', or cll'e6-
tel', n. A body of clients or adherents.

cllfl*, clif, n. A high, steep rock; a preci-

eliminate, clai'mgt, n. 1. The tempera-
ture and atmospheric conditions of a lo-
cality. 2 . A region ; clhne.— «li-inat^ic, a.

cll'max, clai'max, n. Rhet. A progress-
ive increase in force to a culmination; the
culmination; acme.

climb, claim. I. vt & vi. [climbed or
CLOMB, clOm (poetical); climb'ing.J To
ascend as by means of the hands ana feet;
mount or rise by gradual ascent. II. n.
The act or process of climbing.
— climlKer, w,

clime, claim, n. [Poet.] A region; climate.

clincli, clinch. I', vt. & re. 1. To
fasten, as a driven nail, by bending down
the point; confirm, as a bargain or an
argument. 2, To grapple: clench. II.
n. A clinching, or that which clinches or
is clinched; a decisive argument.
— clinch'er, n,

cling, cling, vi. [clung, clung; cling'-
iNG^ To hold firmly, as by grasping; ad-
here; stick.

clln^ic, clin'ic, n. Medical instniction at
the bedside of patients, cli'^nique^tf
cli'nlc'.— clln^lc-al, a. Of or pertaining
to a sick-bed or a clinic.

clink, cliflk. It. vt. & vi. To make a
clink; strike smartly. II. n. A slight

ringing sound, as of glass.— clink'er, w.

A thing that clinks, as a mass left by coal in

clip, clip, vt. [clipped* or clipt; clip'-

piNG.] To trim with shears; snip a part

from, as a coin.
ell pi, n. The act of clipping, or that

which is clipped off.
•cllps. n. A clasp for holding letters, etc.
cllp'per, clip'gr, n. A swift sailing

cllp^pingf, clipping, n. A cutting; a slip
cut, as from a newspaper.

clique, cite, n. An exclusive set; coterie.

cloak, clOk. I*, vt. & vi. To cover with
or put on a cloak; disguise; conceal. II.
«. A loose outer garment; a cover; dis-

clock, dec. n. A machine for measuring
and indicating time.— clock'work'^, clec'-
wth:k% n. Machinery, as of a clock.

clod, cled. I. vt. & vi. [clod'ded*;
clod'ding.] 1. To throw clods (at). 2.
To turn into clods. II. n. A lump of clay;
the soil ; anything earthy and gross. — clod'*
hop^'per, n. A plowman; rustle; lout.

clog, cleg, a. [clogged; clog'ging.] I.
t. To put a clog on; hinder; obstruct.
II. i. 1. To become choked up; be
hindered. 2, To adhere in a mass.

clog, n. 1. Anything that impedes mo
tion, as a block attached to an animal's
foot; an encumbrance; hindrance. 2. A
woodeu'soled shoe.

clols'ter, cleis'tgr. l.vt. 1. To seclude,
as in a cloister. 2, To provide with clois-
ters. II. n. A covered walk, as for monks;
a monastery; convent. — clois'tral, a. Of
or pertaining to a cloister; secluded; solitary.

close, clOz, V. [closed; clo'sing.] 1. 1.
To shut; stop; end; terminate; conclude.
II. i. 1. To come together; shut; end;
terminate. 2, To join; coalesce; agree;
also, to join battle; grapple.

close, clOB, a. 1 . Shut; shut in ; confined;
secluded; secret; secretive. 2, Near, or
near together; dense* compact. 3. Trusty;
intimate; as, close fnends. 4. Watchful;
strict; as, close attention. 6. Nearly even
or equal; as, a close contest. 6. Avari-
cious; stingy, -ly, adv. -ness, n.

closed, clOz, n. 1. The end; conclusion.
2. A grapple. 3. A junction; meeting.

close*, clos, n. 1. An enclosed place. 2.
A narrow lane or passage.

close, adv. Closely.

clos'et, cloz'gt. I<». vt. To shut up; con-
ceal ; admit to a private interview. II. n.
A small chamber or the like.

papu, ask; at, air; element, th6y, usfge; it, j, i (ee); o, oh; orator, or; full, rllle; birt.

Digitized by VjOOQIC



clo'snre, clo'zhur, n. A closing or en-
closure; that which cloeee or encloses; a
close, as of debate; conclusion; end.

clot, Clet, I, Vt. & Vi. [0LOT'TED<»; clot'-

TiNG.l To form into or fill with clots;
coagulate. II. n. A coagulated mass.

clotn, clSth, n. A woven fabric.

elotbe, clodh, vt. [clothed or clad,
clad; CLOTH'iNG.] To cover or provide
with clothes; dress.

clotbes, clodhz, n. pi. Garments; rai-
ment; clothing: covenng.

clotb^ier, clodh'ygr, n. One who makes
or sells cloths or clothing.

clo tilling:, clodh'ing, n. Dress; garments;
raiment; covering.

cl d^tn re, cIO ' ttir. n. A closing of debate.

eloud, Claud. I*, 'ot. & vi. To cover
or be covered with clouds; make or be-
come dark: darken; obscure. II. n. A
mass of visible vapor floating in the air;
Bomething that obscures, darkens, or threat-
ens; a defect; blemish.— cloud'iess, a.
Unclouded; clear.— clou d'y, a. Of, like,
or covered with a cloud or clouds; darkened;
eloomy; obscure; vague; confused.— cloud'-
i-Iy, adv.— clond^i-ness, n.

clout, claut, n. 1. A piece, as of cloth;
patch ; rag. 2 . The center of a target. 3 .
An iron plate; a short, stout nail.

clcve, clOv, irnp. of olxavb, v.

cloTe, «. A dried flower-bud of a tropical
tree (the dove* ^

tree): used as a

clo'iren, clo'vn,
pa. Parted:^.

of CLEAVE*, V.

— clo'vem
foot^'^ed, a. 1.

Having the foot
cleft or divided.
«J. Satanic — c,«
hoofed, a.

clo'ver, clo^vgr,
n. A three-leaved plant of the bean family.

clourn, claun, n. 1 . A professional buf-
foon; jester. 2. A rude fellow; boor. 3.
A countryman .— cloi^vn^ish, a. Rude ; ill-
bred. -1y, adv. -ness, n.

cloy, clei, vt. To satiate, as with sweet-
ness; surfeit.

clubi, club. I. vt. [clubbed; club'-
BiNG.] To beat with a club; use like a
club. II. n. 1. A stout sticky cudgel.
3. A three-lobed spot on a playmg-card*
a card so marked.— clubbed, a. Shaped
or used like a club.— club'foot'% n. Con-
genital distortion of the foot.— club's
root^'ed. a.

club^. I. vt. & vi. To contribute to a

Common Clove.

common purpose; combine; join; forma
club. II. n. An organization of persons,
as for social intercourse; a club-house or

cluck, clue. I*, vt. & vi. To call with or
utter a cluck. II. n. A sound made, or
like that made, by a brooding hen in call-
ing her chicks.

clue, clu, V. & n. Same as clew.

clump, clump, n. A thick cluster; tuft;
lump. — dump/y, a.

clum'sy, clum'zi, a. [clum'si-br; clum'-
si-EST.l Unhandy ; ungraceful ; awkward;
unwieldy; ungainly.— clum'si-ly, adv. —
clum'si-ness, n.

cluuff, clung, imp. of clikg, v.

clns'ter, clus'tfir. l,vt. & vi. To grow
or gather in a cluster or clusters, if. n.
A group or bunch, as of grapes; an assem-
bly; aggregation.

elntcli, cluch, v. I*, i. To seize eagerly;
grasp flimly. II. i. To snatch; catch:
with at.

clutch*, n. A powerful grasp; tight grip;
an attempt at seizure; a talon, claw, paw,
or hand.

clutcli^, n. A setting of eggs; a brood.

clut'ter*, clut'sr. I. vt. To disorder;
litter. II. n. A disordered state; con-
fused heap; litter.

clut'ter^. I, vi. To clatter; make a
noise. II. n. A clattering noise.

coacb, coch. It. vt. & vi. 1 . To tutor
or train ; study with a tutor or trainer. 2 .
To carry or be carried in a coach. II. «.
1. A large close carriage. 2. A tutor;
trainer. — coach^man, n. [-men, pl.J
One who drives a coach, coacb^eel:.

co^^ad-ju'tor, cCftd-jfl't^r, n. A co-
worker or colleague. — co'^ad-Ju'tress,
co^^ad-jn^trix, n.fem.

co-se^Tal, a. Same as coeval.

co-as^u-late, co-ag'yu-ldt, vt. & vi. [-la"
TEDO; -LA'TiNG.] TO change into a curd-
like mass; curdle.— co-ag'^u-la'tion, n.

coal, col. I. vt. & vi. To supply with
coal. II. w. A combustible substance de-
rived from ancient vegetation, found in
beds or veins in the earth; a piece of partly
burned wood.— coal'y, a.

co^'a - lesce', co"a-les', vi. [-lesced'*;
-LEs'ciNG.] To grow or come together
into one; fuse; blend.— co'^a-lea'cence,
n.— co'-'a-les'cent, a.

co^a-ll'tlon, co"a-lish'un, n. An alli-
ance of persons, parties, or states.

coarse, cOrs, a. Composed of large or
rough parts or particles; inferior; rude;
low; vulgar; indelicate, -ly^ adv. -nes8,n.

ar; flfitlf^re (future); aisle; an (out); ell; c (k); cbat; dli (tke); go; sing, l^jik; thuu

Digitized byLjOOQlC



coast, cost. !«». vt, & vi. 1. To sail or
travel along (a shore or border). 2, [U.S.]
To ride down a slope by force of gravity,
as on a sled. 11, h, 1 . The land next to
the sea; the seashore; formerly, a boundary;
region. 2. \V. S.] A coasting, as on a
sled.— coasrer, n.

coat, cot. I*, vt. To cover as with a
coat. II. n. An upper and outer gar-
ment with sleeves; any outer covering, as
of fur, paint, etc.— coat-lng, n. 1, A
covering layer? coat, ij. Cloth for coats.

coaxS cox, vt. & vi. To persuade; whee-
dle; win; soothe.— coax'er. n.

cob, ceb, n. 1 . A roundish mass. 2.
ru. S.] The spike of an ear of maize. 3.
A strong, thick«set, short«legged horse.

cobalt, co'bdlt, n. A tonen steel-gray
metallic element that forms blue pigments.

coVble, ceb'L t>. [oob'blbd; cob'blino.]
1. 1. To repair, as boots; make clumsily.
II. i. To work as a coboler. — coVbler,

1. One who patches boots and shoes.
cob^ble-stone^, ceVl-stOn', n. A round-
ed water-worn stone, as for paving.

co^bra, co'bra, n. A very venomous snake
of In(ua that can dilate its neck into a
broad hood.

cob'iiveb'', ceb 'web'. I. vt. [oob'-
WBBBBD'; cob'wbb'bingJ To cover as
with cobwebs. II. n. The network or
fine thread spun by a spider.

co'ca* cO'cQ, n. The dried leaves of a South*
American shrub, used as a tonic.

co'ca-in, (co'ca-in, n. A white, bitter

co^ca-ine, f substance obtained from co-
coa: used as an anesthetic.

coch^-neal, cech'i-ntl. n. A scarlet dye-
stuff consisting of certain tropical insects
killed and dried by heat

cock, cec. I*, vt. 1. To raise the cock
of (a gun or pistol), in readiness for firing.

2. To turn up, as the head or hat; prick up,
as the ears. II. n. 1 . A male of the do-
mestic fowl; any male bird. 2. A faucet

3. The hammer of a firearm,
or its position when raised.

4. A tip or upward turn, as
of the head or of a hat-brim.

5. A small conical pile, as of

cock-ade', cek-gd', n. A a^„ «i„„i„„

rosette, or the like, worn on ^^^^'Sik. *^

tue nat.
cocl£'^a•too^ cec'a-tfl', n. A crested

cock'a-trlce, cec'a-tris or -trais, n. A

fabulous serpent, said to kill by its breath

or glance.

cock'boat^, cec'bot', n. A small row boat
cock'cro'w'i', cec'cro', n. The early
morning, cock^eronr^luj^t*

cock'er-el, cek'gr-el, n. A young cock.

Online LibraryJames Champlin FernaldConcise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... → online text (page 15 of 88)