James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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light, cracking sounds; a small crack; a
network of fine cracks, as on china.—
crack^llngv crac'ling, n. 1 . A crackling
sound. Ht The crisp browned skin of roasted

cra'dle, cr6'dl. I. rt. & vi. [cra'dled;
ora'dlino.1 1 . To put into or rock in a
cradle; soothe; nurse: nurture. 3. To reap
or wash with a cradle, as wheat or ore.
II. n. 1. A rocking or swinging bed for
an infant; birthplace; origin. 2. A scythe
with fingers that catch the grain when cut.
3. A frame for sustaining a vessel. 4.
A box on rockers for washing ore.

craft, crgft, n. 1. Cunning or skill;

trickery. 2. A trade, or those employed

in it. 3. A vessel; also, collectively,

vessels.— crafls'inan, n. [-men, pi.} A

skilled mechanic— craft ' i - ly, adv.—

craft'l-ness. ».— craft'y, croft'l, a.

Skilful In deceiving; cunning.
crag, crag, n. A rough, steep rock.—

crag^gedf, a. Having numerous crags.

cram, cram, vt. & vi. [crahmed; cram'-

MING.] To press together; eat greedily;

stuff; crowd; overfill.
crampi, cramp. I*, vt. To fasten with

a cramp. II. n. A bent iron for binding

two pieces firmly together.
cramp3. i*. vt. To affect with cramps.

II. n. An involuntary, sudden, painful^

muscular contraction.
cran'ber'^ry, cran'ber'i, n. [-rie8«,p^.)

The bright • scarlet

acid berry of a

margu^ant,j>i^ "

cranes cr^

large long-legged, i

heron-Ukebird. ^

cranes, n, A hoist-

ing«machine with M

swinging arm; a sup- ■

port ror kettles in a ~^

era^ni-um, crd'ni-


tied to an


um or crg'ni-um, n. [cra'ni-a, pi.] The
skull.— cra'ni-al, cr§'ni-al, a.

crank, cra^k, a. Unsteady; easily cap*
sized; shaky; lively.

crank, n. 1. A bent arm attached to an
axis, or a bent portion of an axle,
for converting rotary into recip-
rocating motion, or vice versa.
a. [Colloq., U. S.] An unbal- ,
anced person; a monomaniac. ■

— crank'y, crank'l, a. Crook-
ed: unsteady; rickety; mentally

cran^ny, cran'i, ;». [cran'nies*, cpant f
pi.] A narrow opening; fissure.

crape, crgp, n. A thin gauzclike fabric.

crasbS crash, vt. & vi. To break with a
sharp, sudden noise.

craBbi, n. A loud noise of sudden break-
age; destruction; ruin, [toweling.

crash^, n. A coarse linen fabric, as for

crate, cr§t. I*>. vt. To put in a crate.
II. n. A large hamper or framework for
transpprting various articles.

cra'ter, crfi'tgr, n. The bowl-shaped out-
let of a volcano.

tlr; fltltl^re (future); aisle; an (outy, oil; c (k); cbat; dk (t7ie)\ go; sinff, ipk; tkixk

Digitized byLjOOQlC



•cra-vat', cm-vat', n. A neck-cloth.

crave, cr§v, v. [cravbd; cra'ving.1 I.
t. To beg for; long for. II. i. To desire
or entreat humbly or seriously: with/or.

cra'ven, crg'vn. I. a. Cowardly. II.
n. A base coward.— cra'ven-Iy, adv.

cranTj crS, n. The first stomach, or crop,
of a bird.

cranr'flsli'^, crS'fish', n. A small fresh-
water lobstwlike crustacean.

craurl, cr61, vi. To move as a worm ; move
slowly; creep.— crawMng-ly, adv.

cray'nsli'', cr^'fish', n. A crawfish.

cray^on, cr§'un, n. A pencil, as of char-
coal or prepared chalk, for drawing; a
drawing made with crayons.

craze, crgz. l..vt.& vi. [crazed; cra'-
ZING.] 1. To make or become insane.
a. To crackle, as pottery. II. n. 1.
Mental disorder; freak of fashion; a ca-
price. 3. A fiaw in the glaze of pottery.—
crazed, a. 1. Insanf X^inlM* ^
glaze.— cra'zi-ly. ad#Mc|MkiflKs8, n.
— cra'zy* a. [cba'zi-eb; cba'zi-est.]
1. Insane. ^. Dilapidated; rickety.

creak, crtk. I^ vt. & vL To make, or
cause to make, a creak. II. n. A sharp,
squeaking sound, as from friction.
— creak^y* a. Apt to creak; creaking.

cream, crtm. I. vt. & vi. To skim cream
from or supply cream to; be covered with
cream. 11. n. A gathering of fatty glob-
ules on the surface of milk; the choicest
or best part of anjrthing.- cream'er-y,
n. [-IES«, pl.\ A place for cream; a butter-
making establishment.— cream^y, a. Re-
sembling or containing cream.

crease, crts, vt. [crbased'; cbeas'ing.]
To make a crease or wrinkle in.

creases n. The mark of a wrinkle, fold,
or the like.

crease^* n. Same as crxbsb.

cre^a-80te« n. Same as crxosote.

cre-ate', cre-gf, vt. [cre-a'ted*; cre-a'-
TiNG.l To brine into existence ; make out
of notning; originate; produce; occasion;
appoint.— cre-a'tloii, cr§-§'shun, n. The
act of creating; that which Is created; the
universe.— cre-a'tiv(e, a. Having the
power to create; productive.— cre-a'tor,
n. One who creates; [C-1, God as the maker
of the universe.— crea't are, crt'chur or
-tllJr, n. A ih'lng being; a dependent; tool.

creche. cr6sh, n. 1. A public day-nursery.
3. A foundling-asylum.

cre^dence, crt'dgns, n. Belief.

cre-den'tlal, crg-den'shal, n. That
which certifies one's authority or claim to

cred'I-bl(e, cred'i-bl, a. Capable of bein^
believed; worthy of acceptance. — cred"i-

blPI-ty« n. The state or quality of being
credible; trustworthiness. crea^i-bl(e«
nesMt.— cred^i*bly« adv.

cred'It. cred'it. I*, vt. To give credit
to or for; believe. II. «. 1. Belief;
trust; character; repute; honor. 2. Time
allowed for payment: amount in one's
favor, or the record of it.— cred'^t-a-blK-
i-ty, n. cred^it-a-bKe-nesst.— cred^-
it-a-bl(e« a. Deserving credit; praise-
worthy; meritorious. — cred'it-a-blF«
ado.— cred'it-or, n. One to whom an-
other owes money.

cred'u-lous, cred'yu-lns, a. Apt or dis-
posed to believe on slight evidence, -ly,
adv.— cre-dn^lUty* cr§-din'll-tl, n. Readi-
ness to believe on Inadequate evidence.

creed, crtd, n. A formal summary of re-
ligious belief; doctrine.

creek, crtk, n. A small inlet or stream.

creel, crtl. n. A fishing-basket.

creep, crip, vi. [crept, crept; creep'-
iNGj 1. To move as a serpent; crawl;
move slowly or stealthily. 2 . To show ser-
vility; cringe.— creepier, n. One who or
4;hat which creeps; a creeping or climbing
plant. Iwaved blade.

creese, crls, n. A Malayan dagger with a

ere^mate, crt'm^t, vt. [-ma'tbd«»; -ma"-
TiNG.] To bum up; reduce to ashes.

— cre-ina'tion, n.— cretin a-to-ry, «.
r-RiBs>, pi.] A place for cremating dead
bodies, cre^ina-to^rl-umt.

cre'ole, crl'ol. n. A native of Spanish
America, or of the West Indies, of Euro-
pean parentage.

cre^o-sote, crl'o-sOt, n. An oily liquid of
smoky odor distilled from wood.

crept, crept, imp. of cbbbp, v.

cres-cen^do, cres-shen'do or cres-sen'do,
a. Slowly increasing in loudness or power.

cres^cent, cres'fint. I. a. 1. Increasing,
as the new moon. 2. Crescent-shapea.
II. n. The moon in its first quarter, or
something so shaped, as the device on the
Turkish standard.

cress, cres, n. A plant of the mustard
family, with pungent taste.

cres'set, cres'et, w. A frame to I
hold a torch; a burning light. i

crest, crest, n. 1. A comb or
tuft on the head of a fowl; a
plume, tuft, or the like, on a hel-
met; the ridge of a wave or of a
mountain; the top of anything;

' See illus. on following Cresset.




3. A coat of arms.

— cr est'ed, a. Bearing a crest.— crest^*
fal^len, a. Dispirited; dejected.
cre-ta'ceous,cr§-t§'shiu8, a. Chalky.

popfi, e^sk; at, air; el^mfint, thfiy, usfge; It, g, i (ee); o, oh; orat^jr, or; fiiU,rtUe; but.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



cre-tonne', erg-ten', n. 'An unglazed

printed cotton fabric.
crev-asse', crev-gs',

n. A deep fisBure, as

in a glazier.
crev'lce, crev'is, «. -

A small fissure or i

crack. I

crewll, crQ, imp. of


creur, n. The com- ^ ^

Cy of seamen be- ^

jing to a vessel;
any company of work-
men; a crowd; gang. r> ^ , ~,

«>rAw'Al crn'el n A ^^^^^ ^* Dragon)
It ' J^A ' upon a 16th»cen-

soft worsted yam, tury Helmet,
nsed m fancy-work.

crib, crib, n. 1. A rack, manger, or stall
for cattle. 2. A child's bedstead, with
side railings. 3. A box or bin for grain.
4. A wooden frame, as to retain a bank of
earth.— crib'bing, n. The biting of the
crib, as by a horse.

crtlKba^e, crib'fj, n. A game of cards.

crick, cnc, n. A spasmodic affection of
the muscles, as of the neck- a cramp.

erlck^et^ crik'et, n. A leaping insect,
the male of which makes a chirping sound.

crlck'et^, n. An outdoor game played
with bats, a ball, and wickets.

crlck'et^, n. A footstool. [player.

crlck'et-er, crik'et-gr, n. A cricket-
cried, crald, imp. of cry, v.

crl'er, crai'fir, n. One who publicly cries
sales, losses, etc.

erlme, craim, n. An act punishable by
law; any grave offense. — crim^i-naf,
crlm'l-nal. l, a. Relatlna' to or guilty of
crime. II, n. One who has committed a
crime.- crim'^i-nal^t-ty, n.— crim'i-
nal-ly, adv.— crlm^i-nate, crlm'l-n^t,
vt. [-NA'TEDd; -na'tinq.1 To accuse of or
Implicate In cHme.— crim^i-na^tiou, n.
The act of criminating.

erlmp, crimp. I*, vt. To bend into
folds; corrugate; flute. II. a. Brittle
and crisp; stiff; friable. III. n. Any-
thing crimped, as a lock of hair.— orlin'-
pl(e, crlm^pl. I,vt.&vi. [cbim'pl(e)d;
ORiM^PLiNO.] To wrinkle. II, n. A
wrinkle.— crimp^y, a. Wavy; frizzled.

crlm^son, crim'zn. I. vt. & vi. To
make or become crimson; redden; blush.
II. a. Deep-red; deep-dyed. III. n.
A red color having a tinge of blue; deep-red.

cringe, crinj. I. vt. [cringed; crin'-
oiNO.] To crouch; fawn. II. n. A serv-
ile crouching.

crln'kKe, crip'kl. I. vt. & vi. [crin'-

kl(b)d; crin'kling.] To fold; wrinlde.
II. n. A wrinkle; ripple; twist.

— crin^kly, a. WrfnKled; crimpy.
crip'pKe, crip'l. I. vi. [crip'pl(b)d;

CRiP'PLiNG.] To lame; disable. II. n.
One lacking the natural use of a limb or

cri'sls, crai'sis, n. [cri'ses, crai'stz, pi.]
A turning-point; a critical moment.

crisp, crisp. I*, vt. & vi. To crinkle;
curl; make or become crisp. II. a. 1.
Somewhat firm and brittle. 2. Crinkled;

crl-te'rl-on, croi-tfri-gn, n. [-ri-a, pi.]
A standard; test.

crlt'ic, crit'ic, n. 1. One who judges
anything by some standard. 2. A fault-
finder; caviler.— crit'ic-al, a. 1. Of
or pertaining to a critic or criticism;
Judicious; fastidious; thorough; exact;
faultfinding. 2. Of or preliminary to a
crisis; perilous, -ly, adt?.— crifi-cisin,
crlt'l-slzm, n. The act or art of criticizing;
acrltlcal judgment.— crit'i-cize or-cise,
crlt'I-salz, vt. & vi. L-ctzed, -cisedj -ci'-
ziNG, -ci'siNG.l 1. To examine critically.
2. To Judge severely; censure.— cri-tique',
crl-tlc', 71. A criticism; critical review.

croak, crok. I». vi. To make a croak;
talk dolefully; forebode evil. II. n. A
hoarse, guttural sound, as of a frog or
raven; a doleful or foreboding speech.

— croak'er, n. . ^
cro-cliet^, crO-sh6'. I. vt. & vi. [cro-
cheted', crO-sh§d'; cro-chet'ing, crO-
shS'ing.] To form or knit, as crochet.
II. V. Fancy-work produced by looping
thread with a hooked needle.

crock^, crec, n. An earthen pot or jar.
crock. I*, vi. To stain or dye. II^, n.

The colorlng«matter that rubs off from a

dyed stuff, as cloth.
crock'er-y, crok'§r-i, n. Earthenware.
cioc^o-dlle, croc'o-dail, n. A large car:




croc'' o -


a . & n .

c r o c ''' o - Skull of the Common Crocodile.

cro'cus, crO'cus, n. A plant of the iris

family, with long grass-like leaves and

large flowers.
croft, creft, n. A small field or farm.
crone, crOn, n. A withered old woman.
cro'ny, cro'ni, n. [cro'nibs", pi.] A

familiar friend.
crook, cruk. I^ vt. & vi. To bend;

make or grow crooked. II. n. 1. A

Or; flllt|fpre(fntare); aisle; an (out); ell; c (k); cbat; dli (the); go; sing, ipk; thin.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



bend or carve; Bomething crooked, as a
Btaff with a hooked end. 2, A criminal;
sharper.— crook'ed, cruk'gd, a. Not
straight; having angles or curves; dishonest.
•ly, adv. •neiiSt n.

eroon, crQn, vt. & vi. To sing or hum m
a low, monotonous manner.

crop, crop, vt. [cropped* or cropt;
CROP'PING.J To cut off closely; mow;
reap; eat down.

crop, n. 1. Produce; harvest 2. The
first stomach of a bird; a craw.

cro-quet'. cro-k§', n. A lawn^game
played with balls and mallets.

cro-qnette'. cro-ket', n. A cake of minced
food, fried brown. [let.

cro'ster, cro8^1et« n. See cbozieb, cross-

cro00, crSs or cres. I*, vt. &vi. 1 . To
place or move across; traverse; intersect;
cancel (cross Q^orowO; obstruct; contra-
dict; irritate. 2. To make the sign of the
cross upon. 3. To mix with a different
variety. II. a. Ill'tempered; peevish.
III. n. 1. An ancient instrument of
torture and death, consisting of two
crossed timberSfOn which the condemned
were fastened. 2. [C-] Christianity, or
the Atonement. 3. Something endured
for Christ^s sake; trial; tribu&tion. 4.
A mark resembling a cross. 5. A mix-
ing of breeds; an animal of mixed breed.—
cross^ly* adv. Peevishly .— crosu'nesB,
n.— cross'bow^, n. A bow fixed trans-
versely upon a stock.— c. lb red, a. Hy-
brid; mongrel.— c.ibreed, n. A hybrid.—
cibreediuff, n.— <j,«cut, n. A cut
across; a short cut. — cexamlne. vt.
Law. To cro8s»que8tlon.— cexamina*
tlon, n.— c.iexaininert n.— cieyed, a.
Having a squint; squinting.— cpnrpose*
n. A conflicting aim.— c.<question, vt.
To question minutely, as in order to elicit
facts from a reluctant witness.

ero»t/lngt crSs'ing, n. Intersection, as
of roads; act or place of crossing.

crosH'iroad^, cr5s'-r0d', n. A road that
crosses another. cro«s'iiirajr'^+.

— croHfi^roads^, n. A place where roads
cross: often marked by a settlement.

cross'urlse, crSs'waiz, adv. 1 . Across:
sometimes with to. 2. In the form of a

crotch, croch, n. A point of division of
branches; fork.

croteli^et, crech'et, n. 1. A whim; ec-
centricitv. 2* Mus. A quarter note. 3.
A small hook.— crotch'et-l-ness, n. —
crotch'et-y, a. Whimsical; eccentric.

croucliS crouch, vi. To stoop low, as in
fear or in readiness to spring; cringe.

croupi, crfip, n. A membranous disease

of sovereign


of the throat— croup'oas, a. Of, like, or
affected by croup. croup/y:t.

croup^, crQp, n. The rump of a horse.

crour, crO, vi. [crowed, crOd; crow'-
iNO.l 1. To utter the cry of a cock; ex-
ult: boast 2. To utter sounds of infantile

crour, n. 1. A bird with glossy black
plumage. 2. The cry of a cock, or any
like sound.— crow'bar^, crCbdr", n. A
straight iron or steel bar: used as a lever.

cromrd, craud. I««. vt. & vi. To fill to
overflowing; pack; throng; push forward;
urge. II. n. A numerous collection;
multitude; throng.

crown, cronn. i,vt. 1. To put a crown
on; invest with royal dignity; honor;
reward. 2. To form the top part of; cap:
complete. II. n. 1. A circlet or covei
ing for the head, as a mark of sovereign
power; any wreath or garland
for the head. 2. A sovereign
ruler; sovereignty. 3. A re-
ward; prize. 4. The top, as
of the nead; summit; perfect |
state; acme. 5. An English ^
coin, worth 6 shUlings.

cro'zler, crO'zhgr, n. A bish-
op's official staff surmounted crown
by a crook or a cross.

crn'elal, crfi'shial, a. 1. Decisive;
searching; severe. 2. Having the form of

cru'cl-bl(e. crti'si-bl, n. A vessel, as of
clay, for melting metals, etc.; a test; puri-
fying agency.

crn^cl-flx, crfl'si-fix, n. A cross bearing
an effigy of Christ crucified.

cru'^cl-flx'Ion, crfi'si-fic'shun, n. The
act of crucifying; death upon the cross;
specifically [C-], the death of Christ on
Calvary. [shaped.

cru^cl-form, crO'si-fSrm, a. Cross-

cru'cl-iy, crO'si-fai, vt. F-riED; -ft'ing.]
To put to death by fastening to a cross.

crude, crfid, a. Not mature; raw; unripe;
superficial; unfinished.— crude'ly, adv.—
craMI*tyv crO'dl-tl, n. [-tie6«. »/.] It
The state of being crude, crude^nesat.
2. That which Is crude.

cru'el, crfi'el, a. Disposed to infiict sul-
fering; pitiless; unreasonably severe;
harsh; distressing. -ly, adv.— cru^eU
tj, crQ'el-tl, n. [-ties*, p/.] A cruel dispo-
sition or act; Inhumanity.

cru'et, crfi'gt, n. A small glass bottle, as
for vinegar or oil; a caster.

cruise, crflz. I. vt. & vi. [cruised:

papA, Qsk; at, air; el^m^nt, th6y, us^; It, |, t (ee); o, 5h; orator, er; full, rOle; but.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



CRUis^iNG.] To sail over or through; sail
to and fro. II. n. A voyage at sea; a
sailing to and fro.— cruia'er, n. A person
or shm that cruises; a war-vessel Inferior to
a battle-shlp.

cruFler, crul'sr, n. A ring-shaped cake
of dough, fried in boiling lard.

eram, (crum. I. vt. [cbummbd,

crumb, roRUMBBD; crum'ming, cbumb'-
ING.] To break Into small pieces; crumble.
11. n. 1. A small bit, as of bread; a
morsel. 2. The soft inner part of a loaf.

cruiii^bl(e, crum'bl, vt. & vi. [cbum'-
bl(b)d; cbux'blino.] To break into
small pieces; cause to fall to pieces; dis-
integrate; decay.— crum'bly, a. Apt to
crumble; friable.

crum^pet, crnm'p§t, n. A sort of muffin.

cruiii^pl(e, crnm'pl, vt. & vi. [cbum'-
pi/e)d; crum'plino.I To press into
wrinkles; become wrinkled; rumple.

crunch, crunch. 1^. vt. <fe vi. To crush
with the teeth; chew audibly; crush or
srind noisily. II. n. The act of crunch-

crup^per, crup'gr, n. 1. The looped
strap that eoes under a horse's tail. 2.
The mmp or a horse.

cru-sade', crfl-sfid'. I<». vi. To go ou or
engage in a crusade. II. n. A medieval
gathering of the Christians of Europe, for
the conquest of the Holy Sepulcher; any
vigorous concerted movement.

— crn-saMer, n.

cruse, ortts, n. A small bottle, flask, or
jug; cruet, cruise^.

crnsli, crush. I', vt. & vi. To press out
of shape; break or be broken by pressure;
conquer. II. n. 1. A violent colliding;
breaking by violent pressure. 2. A crowd ;
jam.— crush^er, n.

crust, crust. I<>. vt. & vi. To cover with
or acquire a crust. II. n. A hard, thin
coating; the outer part of bread; a bit of

cruB-ta'ce-an, crus-td'shg-an or -to'se-
an. I. a. Of or pertaining to the Crus-
tacea. II. n. One of the Crustacea^ ani-
mals having crust«like shells, including
lobsters, crabs, sow-bugs, etc.— criw-ta'-
ceons, a. !• Having a crust-like shell.
2. Crustacean.

crust'y, crust'i, a. Crust-like; curt; surly.

— cruBt'i-ly, adv.— cmst'l-ness, n.
crutch, cruch, n. A staff with a cross-
piece fitting under the armpit, as for sup-
port in walking; any mechanical device of
similar shape.

cry, crai, v. [cbied; cry'ing.] I. /. To

utter loudly; shout out; proclaim. II. i.
1, To call loudly; shout. 2. To weep.

cry, crai, n. [cries', pi.} 1 . A loud call;
snout; yell. 2. The act of weeping. 3.
Advertisement by outcry; proclamation;
public demand.

crypt, cript, n. A recess or vault, as under
a church.

cryp'to-gam, crip'to-gam, n. Hot. A
plant that has no true f^wers, but propa-
gates by spores.— cryp'^to-gani'ic, a.

cryp'to-gram, crip'to-gram, n. A wri-
ting in cipher.

cryp-tog'ra-phy, crip-teg'ra-fi, n. The
art of cipher- writing.

crys^tal, cris'tal. I. a. Of or like crys-
tal; clear; limpid. II. n. 1. The solid
mathematical form assumed by many min-
erals. 2. Transparent quartz; flint glass;
a watch-glass.— crys'tai-liBCe, cris'tal-in
or -aln, a. Of, pertaining to, or like crystala
or crystal; transparent; pure.— crys^tal-
loff^ra-phy, n. The science of crystals.

crys'tal-lize or -Use, cris'tol-aiz, vt.
& vi. [-lized; -li'zing.] To form crys-
tals; bring or come to definite and per-
manent form.— erys ''' tal - li - za ^ tlon or
•sa'tion, n.

cub, cub, n. The young of the bear, fox,
wolf, etc.; a whelp.

cube, kifib, n. 1 . A solid bounded by six
equal squares and having all its angles
right angles. 2. The third power of a
quantity; the product of three equal fac-
tors.— ru'blc, klQ'bic, a. Of, equal to, or
like a cube. cn^blc-aU.— cn'blc-al-ly,
adv.— cu'blc-al-ness, n.

cu'bit, kifi'bit, n. An ancient measure of
length: about 20 inches.

cuck'oo, cnc'a, n. A bird, many species
of which de-
posit their
eggs to be ,
hatched in the
nests of other ^

c u ' c u m -
ber, kifl'.
cum-b§r, n.
The oblong
fruit of a creeping plant of the gourd
family; also, the plant.

cud, cud, n. Food chewed over again, as
by rupiinants.

cud'dl(e, cud'l, vt. & vi. [cud'dl(e)d;
cud'dling.] To protect and caress within
a close embrace; lie close together.

cndMy, cud'l, n. IcuD'DiBSi.p/.] Ifiaut. A
small cabin; a cook's galley.

American Yellow-billed
Cuckoo and Nest. ^

Or; flllt|9re(fataie); aisle; au (out); eil; c (k); chat; dh (jlhe); ffo; sing, i^k; thia.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



cuds'el, cqj'el. I. vt. To beat, ae with
a cudgel. II. n. A short thick stick; a

cue, kin, n. 1 . A tail; a long braid of hair.
2. Tlie words serving as a signal for an
actor: a hint; suggestion. 3. A straight
tapering rod, used m billiards, etc.

cafi^, cuf, V. 1. 1. To strike, as with the
open hand; bufiet. II. i. To scuffle; box.

cufl*S n. A blow, as with the open hand.

cuir>« n. A band about the wrist; the low-
er part of a sleeve.

cul-rasi/, cw|-rgs', n. A breastplate.
— cui"ras-sier', cwl'ra-sir', n. A
mounted soldier wearing a cuirass.

cul-slne', cwg-ztn' n. The kitchen; cook-
ing department; style or quality of cooking.

cuF'dessac^, c1i'*dfi-sac' or ctil'-, n.
[cuLs'-DB'SAc', cii'-, pl.] A passage open
only at one end; blind alley; trap.

cu^ll-na-rsr, kitt'li-ng-ri, a. Of or per-
taining to cooking or the kitchen.

Cnll,CUl. 1. 17<. LcULLED; CULL'ING.] To

pick or sort out. II. n. Something sorted
out; something rejected.— cull'er, n.

cnl^len-der, n. Same as colandbb.

culm, culm, n. The jointed stem of a

curml-nate, cuPmi-nfit, vl. [-na"ted«* ;
-NA'TiNQ.] To attain the highest point or
degree.— cul'^ml-na'don, n. The high-
est point, condition, or degree.

euFpa-bl(e, cul'pa-bl, a. Deservmg of
blame. — cul'^pa-bll'l-ty, cuPpa-Dl(e-
nesSf «.— cul'pa-bly, adv.

cul'prit, cul'prit, n. A guilty person;
criminal; offender.

c ul t , cult, n. A system of religious observ-
ances; also, a fad.

cuFti-irate, cul'ti-vfit, vt. [-va"tbd«»;
-VA'TING.] 1 . To till, as land; raise, as a
plant, by tillage. 2. To develop by study
or training; devote oneself to; foster.

— cul'^ti-va'tion, n. The act of culti-
vating: Improvement; culture. — cul'ti-
va^tor, n. One who cultivates; a machine
for cultivating.

cuFture, cuPchur or-tiQr, n. 1. Culti-
vation; training; improvement: refinement
of mind, morals, or taste; enlightenment.
2. The development of micro-organisms,
or the organisms so developed.— cuPtur-
alt a. Oi orj>ertalnIng to culture.— cul'-
turedt pa. Educated: refined.

cuFtuB* cul'tus, n. A cult.

culvert, cul'vgrt, n. An artificial cov-
ered channel for water, as under a road.

cum'ber, cum'bgr, vt. To burden; ham-
per; weigh down; oppress.— cum'ber-
some, cxrai'b§r-8um, a. Moving or work-

ing heavily; unwieldy; burdensome, -ly,
adv. -nesB, n.
cum^brous, cum'brus, a. Cumbersome.

-ly. adv. -nessf n.
cummin, cum'in, n. A plant of the parsley

family, or its seeds, cum'mtn^.
cu'mu-late, kiti'miu-l§t, vt. [-la*ted«>;
-LA'TiNQ.j To collect into a heap; accu-
mulate.— cu^mu-la'tlon, n. The process
of massing or heaping together; a heap.—
cu'inu-la-tlv(e, a. Increasing by addi-
tion or repetition.
cu^ne-l-rorm, klQ'ng-i-fSrm, a. Wedge-
shaped^ as the characters in ancient As-
syrian inscriptions, cu'ne-ate^:.
cun'ning, cun'ing. 1. a. Crafty or
shrewd; artful; guileful. II. n. A crafty
disposition; craft; guile; artifice.
cup, cup. 1. vt. & vi. [cupped*; cup'-
piNG.] 1. To draw blood under an ex-
hausted cup. 2. To shape like or place
in a cup. II. n. A small drinkinp-veesel,
or its contents; one's lot.— eu|>'faF', n.
As much as a cup will hold.
cup^board, cub'ord or -srd, n. A closet

with shelves, as for tableware.
Cu'pid, kifl'pid, n. Myth, The Roman

god of love.
cn-pld'l-ty, klu-pid'i-ti, n. An inordi-
nate desire, as for gain; avarice.
cu^po-la, kifi'po-la, n. A dome; a small
structure above a roof; a turret on an ar-
mored ship.
cur, cur, n. A worthless dog; a mean or

malicious person.— cur'rish, a.
cur'a-blCe, kiiir'a-bl, a. Susceptible of
being cured. — cur''a-bll1-ty, n. cur'a-
bl(e-nesst.— cnr'a-bly* arf». ,, _,
cu'ra-cy, kiQ'ra-si, w. [-cib8«, pl.^ The
position, duties, or term or office or a curate,

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