James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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root of a trop- ^

ical plant;

also, the plant.

— arin'arer-

bread", n. A

lleht sweet

cake flavored

with ginger.
gin ^ ger - ly ,

jin'j^r-li, a. :

Cautious or ^

fastidious: '

used also ad- ;

glng^liam, ^

ging'am,;i. A d

cotton dress* 'I

goods, usually

m checks or

gln^seng, jin'seng, n. A Chinese herb

having an aromatic root.

Giraffe, i/ioo


Glp^sv, jip'si, n. [Gip'sncs*, pi.] A
member of a wandering race, now loond
in every part of the world; also, the lan-
guage of that race.

gl-raflV, ji-raf, n. An African mmi-
uant having a very long neck. See 111ns.
in preceding column.

glrd.^, g^rd, vt. [gird'ed<* or girt; gikd'-
iNG.] To bind around, as with a belt; en-
circle, [gibe; jeer.

girded, vt. A vi. To attack with sarcasm;

glrd'er, ggrd'gr, n. A principal horizon-
tal beam.

glr'dlCe, gfir'dl. I. vt. [gir'i>l(e)d;
gir'dling. J 1 . To fasten a girdle around ;
gird; encompass. 2. To make an encir-
cling cut through the bark of (a branch or
tree). II. n. A belt; something encir-
cling like a belt.

girl, ggrl, n. A female infant or child, or
a^oung unmarried woman. — girl^hood,
nl The state or time of being a girl. — girl'*
ikh, a. Like or pertaining to a girl.

ffirt, ggrt, imp. of gird, v.

gll-tli, ggrth, n. 1. A band for fastening a
pack or saddle to a horse's back. 2 . Any-
thing that girds or binds. 3. The circum-
ference of an object.

gist, jist, n. The main point; substance.

glv(e, giv, V. [gave, g^v; giv'en; giv'-
iNG.l I. ^. 1. To bestow gratuitously.
2. To transfer as or for a price; hand
over; deliver; administer; inflict; declare;
pronounce. 3. To concede; surrender:
often with vp. 4. To yield as a product
or result. 5. To supply; impart. II. i.
1. To convey gratuitously something val-
uable. 2. To yield, as through pressun^
recede.— giv'en, »a. 1. Habitually iu-
clined. 2. Specified.— gi v'er, n.

glz^zard, giz'ard, n. The second stom-
ach of birds, in which the food is ground.

gla^dal, glS'shial or glg'si-ol, a. Per-
taining to glaciers; icy.

glac'1-er, glas'i-er or glg'shier, n. A
slowly moving field or stream of ice, as on
the slope of a mountain.

irla^eis, gl^'sls, n. A defensive slope In front
of a fortification.

glad, glad, a. [glad'dek; guld'dest.]
Joyful; pleased; gratified.— alad'ly, (w/r.
[glad'li-eb; glad'li-bst.] inad'ne8a,n.
— Klad'some, a. Causing or having a feel-
ing of Joy. -ly, adv. -ness, n.

glad'den, glad^n, vt. & vi. To make, be,
or become glad. [in a wood.

glade, glM, n. A clearing or open space

glad^l-a^'tor, glad'i-§'t9r, n. Bom.
Antiq. A man who fought with deadly

papfi, gsk; at, air; el^m^nt, thiy, nsf ge; It, %, i (ee); o, oh; orator, dr; full, r1Ue;\>llt,

Digitized byLjOOQlC



weapons, as in the amphitheater, for pop-
ular amusement. — alad^i-a-t(/ri-al, a.
glad^l-o'lus, elaa'i-O'Ius, n. A plant
with a fleshy bulb and Bword»shaped
glair, glftr, n. The white of egg; yiscoas

matter.— glalr'y, a.
glam'our, I glam'nr, -gr, n. A delusive
Slam'er, f fascination; enchantment.
glance, gidns, v. [glanced^; olan'-
ciNG.] I. ^ To dart suddenly: direct
momentarily. II. i. 1 . To look hnrried-
ly or indirectly. 2. To bound off after
striking obliquely. 3. To hint; make al-
lusion. 4. To flash; gleam.
glance, n. A quick look; sudden
thought; momentary gleam; oblique re-
gland, gland, n. A secreting organ in

plants or animals.— glanMu-lar, a.
glan^ders, glan'dgrz, n. Vet. Med. A
contagious disease affecting the air-pas-
sages of the horse.
glare, glar, vi. [glared; qlar'ing.]
To shine with tierce mtensity; gaze fierce-
ly.— glar'Ing, pa. Excessively brilliant;
evident; notorious; staring fiercely.
glared n. 1. A dazzling light. 2. A
piercing look. [face.

fflare^, n. lU. S.] A glassy, smooth sur-
glasa, gigs. I^ vt. 1 . To reflect as in a
mirror. 2. To glaze. II. n. 1. A
transparent, brittle compound of silica
with metallic ozids. 2. Any article
made wholly or partly of glass, as a mirror
or a drinking*ves8el ; in the plural, spec-
tacles or eye-glasses. 3. The contents of a
drinking-glass.- glassTul, n. As much
as can be contained In a drinklng-glass. —
iriasB^i-ly, adv. — siass'l-ness, n.—

Klass^y, a. Composed of or like glass; hav-
ig a hutU fixed look.

glaze, gl§z, V. [glazed; gla'zing.] I.
t. 1. To furnish with glass. 2. To give
a glassy appearance or coating to. II. i.
To become glassy.— gla'zler, gl§'zhfir, «.
1 • One who fits panes of glass. 2. One who
applies glaze to pottery.— srla^zimr* n. 1,
A glaze. 2. The act or art of applying glaze.
3* Window-panes; glasswork.

glaze, n. A glossy coating, or a substance
used to produce it.

gleam, gltm. I. vi. To shine out sud-
denly; glow. II. n. A glimmer; flash.

gleau, gltn, vt & vi. To gather (leavings)
after reaping; gather item by item, -er, n.

glebe, gltb, n. 1. [Gt. Br.] Land of a

f parish church. 21. Turf; soil.
ee, git, n. 1. Mirth; gaiety; merriment.
~ 2. A song for three or more voices.

— gleeTul, a. Full of glee; merry.
glen, glen, n. A small, secluded valley.
glib, uib, a. Fluent and plausible.

— glib'ly, adv.— arlib^ness, n.
glide, glaid, vi. [gle'dbd' or glid; gli'-

DiNo.] To flow rapidly and smoothly.

ffli^der, glcd'der, n. One who or that which
glides; espec., a device for gliding on the air.

gllm'mer, glim'er. I. vi. To gleam, fit-
fully; flicker. II. n. A faint, unsteady
light; a gleam. — glim^mer-ing, pa. & n.

glimpse, glimps, n. 1. A momentaiy
view* or look. 2 . A swift, passing api)ear-
ance; temporary gleam.

gll»^teu,gWn. l.vi. To sparkle; shine;

:leam. 11. n. A gleam.
It^ter glit'er. f. vi. '.
hard, pojished surface; sparkle; gleam.


it^ter glit'er. I. vi. To shine as a

II. n. Sparkle; brilliancy.

gloam^lng, glom'ing, n. Th& twilight.

gloat*', glOt, vi. To gaze steadily with
cruel or malign satisfaction.

globe, glob, n. 1. A perfectly round
body ; ball : sphere. 2 . Tne earth. — glo'-
bose, a. Nearly globular.— irlob^a-lai*,
gleb'yu-lar, a. Spherical.— irloVule, gleb'-
jrfil, n. A small globe or spbcrlcal particle.

gloom, glGm, n. Darkness; obscurity;
hence, melancholy; misfortune.

— gloom^y, a. [gloom'i-kr; gloom'i-
BST.j Full of gloom: dark; dismal; mel-
ancholy. — ffloom'i - ly, adv.— glooiu^i-
ness, n.

glo'rl-fy, glo'ri-fai, vt. [-riED; -fy'ing.]
1. To ascribe glory to; adore. 2. To
honor; make glorious.
— arlo'^ri-fl-ca'tion, n.

glo^rl-oas, glO'ri-DS, a. Full of glory; il-
lustrious; grand; noble, -ly, adv.

glo'ry, glO^. I. vi. [olo'ribd; glo'-
exult: commonly followed
[glo'ribs*, d^J 1. Dis-
tinguished honor; praise; adoration. 2.
Grandeur; radiance.

glossS glos. l^.vt. 1. To polish. 2.
To excuse: usually with over. II. n.
Polish; deceptive show.

gloss^. I^ vt. & vi. To annotate; write
marginal explanations. II. n. 1. An
explanatory note. 2. A plausible excuse.

glos'sa-ry, elos'a-ri, n. ("-ries*, p^.] A
lexicon of the obsolete, obscure, or for-
eign words of a work.

gloss^y, a. [gloss'i-er; oloss'i-est.]
Smooth and shining.— glowB^-nesa, n.

glot^tls, glet'is, n. F-ti-des, -dtz or -dds,
pi.] The mouth of tne windpipe.

gloTe, glxrv, n. A covering for the hand,
with separate sheath for each finger.—
irlov^er, n. Amaker of or a dealer In gloves.

floury, glo'ri.
RT-iNG.r To e
by in. II. n.

Or; fllltgfire (fatore); aisle; au (out); oil; c (k); cbat; db (thxi); go; sing, ipk; tbin.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



fflour, gl9C^ 1* vi. 1. To radiate light
and heat, iespecially without a flame. 2.
To be ardent or excited. 3. To flush.
II. n. Fervid heat; strong emotion; ar-
dor: flush; ruddiness.— glow' womi'^, n.
A phosphorescent beetle.

Slonr'er, glau'gr, vi. To frown; scowl.

gloze, glOz. vt. &vi. [olozed; olo^zino.]
1. To palliate. 2 J. To flatter.

slue, glO. 1. vt. & vi. [glued; olu'-
iNo.J To stick; adhere. II. n. An ad-
hesive preparation derived from animal
substances, as hoofs. [rose.

glum, glum, a. Moody and silent; mo-

Slume, glQm, n. A chs^-like scale of the
inflorescence of grasses.

glut, glut. I. vt. & vi. [glut'ted«»;
olut'ting.] To gorge. II. n. An ex-
cessive supply; plethora.

fflu'ten, glti'ten, n. The tough albumi-
nous part of wheat'flour.— glu^tl-noiu, a.
Resembling glue; sticky.

glut'ton, glut'n, n. One who gluts him-
self with food and drink.— glut'ton-ous,
a.— fflut'ton-y, n. Excess In eatine.

glyc'er-ln, I glis'fir-in, n. A thick, oily,

glyc'er-Ine, f sweet liquid formed In the
decomposition of fats.

gnarl, nOrl, n. A tough knot.— gnarl(e)d,
ndrld, a. Knotty; distorted. irnarFyit.

gnashS nash, vt. & vi. To grind (the
teeth) together, as in rage.

gnat, na^ n. A small two«winged fly.

gnaiv^, ne, vt. & vi. 1 . To eat little by
little. 2. To corrode.

gneiss, nais, n. A granitic rock.

gnome, nom, n. A fabled dwarfed gob-
lin; a humming-bird; small owl.

gno^mon, no^men, n. The upright piece
that casts the shadow on a sun-dial.

gnu, nfi, n. A South-African antelope

Gnu. i/flo

having a buffalo-like head and a horse-
like tul.
go, go, vi. [went, went; gone, gSn or

gen; go'ing.] 1. To move from one
place to another; depart: proceed; reach;
tend; be about to do; intend; suit; fit.
2. To pass away; be expended; die.

goad, god. I**, vt. To drive; stimulate;
incite. II. n. A point set in the end of
a stick for urging oxen; spur; incitement.

goal, £01, n. A point aimed at; limit;
winning-point of a game.

goat, got, n. A hollow-homed ruminant
of nearly the size of the sheep.— goat'-
herd''', n. One who tends goats. LchiiL

goa-tee', gO-tt', n. A pointed beard on the

gob^ble^, geb'l, vt. [qob'bled; gob'-
BLiNQ.] To eat greedily.- gob'bleri, n.
A glutton.

goba>les. I. vt. & vi. To utter a gobble.
II. n. The sound made by the turkey-
cock.— goVbler^jn. [Colloq.] A turkey

gob^let, geVlet, n. A drinking-vessel
with stem and standard.

goT - - -


go 4









gog^gKe, geg'l, n.
eyes. 2. pc. Tubu-
lar spectacles to pro-
tect against dust or
strong light.

gorter,Tgei'tfir, n.

gol'tre, f A morbid
swelling of the neck.,

gold, gold, n. A pre-
cious metal of a
Sellow color, very
eavy, ductile, and
malleable; money
made of this metal;
hence, wealth.

— irol d^sbeaf^ert
gSld'-blfgr, n. One

1. A rolling of the

American GoldllndL

who makes gold-leaf.

— sr.sdnst, n. Gold

In ^ne particles.— arold'fliicli^, n. A finch

with brilliant markings of black and yellow.

papfi, gsk; at, air; element, thSy, usfge; It, g, t (ee); o, oh; erat^r, or; full, rllle; but,

Digitized byLjOOQlC



— ir.*fl8h, n. A small carp of ffolden color.
— ff • lace* a lace wi'ought wttn gold or gilt
thread.^ ff.sleaf* n. The finte^ leaf made
from beaten gold.— ffold'smith^, n. A
worker In gold;

^old^en, gOld'n, a. Made of or like gold;
precious ; prosperous. — gold ^ en - rod '',
g51d'D-red*, n. A plant of the aster family
with bright-yellow flowers.

golf, gelf, n, A Scottish game played with
a gutta-percha ball and clubs resembling

g^on^do-la, eon'do-la, n. A long, narrow,
flat-bottomed Venetian boat. — gon'^do-
lier', gen'do-llr', n. The rower of a gon-

.g^ons:, geng, n. A metal instrument like a
shallow dish, sounded by beating; a bell
of similar shape.

.good, gud. I. a. [bet'ter; best.} 1 .
Having excellent, useful, or admirable
qualities; excellent; worthy; righteous;
virtuous; religious. 2. Adequate; com-



n. [qood'ies*,"/^.] l' 5 poor old wom-
an. 2. A sweetmeat.
goose, gOs, n. [geese, gts, pi.'] 1 . A web-
footed bird, larger than a duck and smaller
than a swan. 2. A tailors' smoothing-
iron. 3. A silly creature;

ninny. — goose ' ber '^ r^

gjBz'ber"!, n. [-rik8», pi..
The tart fruit of a spiny


shrub; also, the shrub.

go' p her, gO'fgr, n. A

burrowing American ro- Tailors' Goose.

gore*, gOr, vt. [gored; gor'ing.] To
make a gore of; supply with a gore.

gore*, vt. [gored; gorging.] To pierce,
as with a horn; stab.

gore*, n. A wedge-shaped piece, as of
cloth in a garment. [clotted blood.

gore*, n. Blood after effusion, especially

gorge, gSrj, vt & vi.
.] To ■

ro eat £


[gorged; gob'-
^ ly; glut.
gorge, n. 1. The throat. 2. A ravme.
gorgeous, gSr'jus, a. Besplendent; mag-

niflcent; sumptuous, -ly, adv. -ness, n.
go-rll'la, go-

ril'a, n. A man-
like African ape

about five and

a half feet in

height, with a

massive body and i

Ihnbs. ^

gor'mand, )
gour'mand, )

gSr'mond, gflr'- ^

mand, n. 1. A J

glutton. 2. An I

epicure. — g or ^-

mand - ize, vt.

& vi. [-IZED; -I*.

ZING.] To eat vo- Gorilla,

raclously. sor'- vrurum.

mand-isel. — ffor'mand-i^'^zer or
-ser, n.

irorse, gdrs, n. Furze.

gor'y» gOr'i, a. 1. Stahied with gore. 2.
Resemblmg gore. [hawk.

gos'liawk^^ ges'hSk', n. A short-winged

go skiing, gez'iing, n. A young goose.

gos'pel, ges'pel, n. 1. Good news, espe-
cially the tidings of salvation through Je-
sus Christ. 2. [G-] One of the four mem-
oirs of Christ in the New Testament.

gos'sa-mer, ges'a-mgr. I. a. Thin and
light; flimsy. II. n. 1. An exceedingly
fine web of spider's silk that mav float in
the air. 2, A fine gauze; a thin water-
proof outer garment.

gos^slp, ges'ip. I. vi. [gos'siped* or
gos'sippbd^; gos'sip-ing or gos'sip-ping.]
To chat; tattle. II. n. 1 . Familiar or
idle talk; mischievous tattle; rumor. 2.
One who gossips. 3. Originally, a sponsor
in baptism. [of get, v.

ffot, imp. &pp. of GBT.-irot^ten, get'n.pp.

Gotlijgeth, n. One of the German in-
vaders of the Roman empire in the 3d and
4th centuries.— Goth'Ic. I. a. 1. Per-
taining to the Goths; rude; barbaric. 2.
Pertaining to the Pointed style of architec-
ture. II. n. 1 . The language of the Goths.
2. Arch. The Pointed style.

gouge, gauj. I. vt. [gouged; gou'-
GiNG.] To scoop out, as with a gouge;
cheat. II. n. A chisel with a curved

cutting edge, or a cut made bv it.

ourd, gOrd, n. A melon-like fr

a hard nnd; also, the plant that bears it,

gourd, gOrd, n. A melon-like fruit with
a hard nnd; also, the plant
or a vessel made of its shell.

©r; fllltlfjre (future); aisle; au (out); oil; c (k); chat; db (the); go; sing, ipk; thin.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



Covr^mand, etc. See ooiuiAin>.

Coar^met^ gtlr'md', n. An epicure.

SO at, gaut, n. A disease manifested by
painful inflammation of a joint, as of the
great toe.— gout^i-neas, n.— gout^y, a.

SOT'ern, guv'fim, v, I. t. To control;
regulate; direct. II. i. To exercise au-
thority; administer laws.— gov^ern-ess,
n. A woman who trains and instructs chil-
dren In their home.

CpoT'ern-ment, guv'fim-mfint, n. The
act of governing; control, direction, or re-
straint; the controlling power in a state;
the administration; territory governed.
— ffOT^ern-men'talf o.

goT^ern-or, guv'gm-gr, n. One who
governs; chief executive of a state; a r%-
ulator, as of the speed of

SO urn, gann. 1. vt. & vi.
To dress in a gown. II. n.
A woman's dress; any long,
loose robe.

grab, snrab. I. vt. & vi.
[grabbed; orab'bino.] To
grasp rudely J clutch; seize
sudaenly or dishonestl j. 1 1,
n. An act of grabbing; a
clutch; snatch.

grace, gres. l.r^ [graced^; Governor.
gra'cing.] To adorn; hon-
or; gratify. II. n. 1. Beauty of form,
motion, or speech. 2. Any attractive
quality. 3. Clemency: divine favor or
influence. 4. A brier prayer before or
after a meal.— grace'ful, a. Marked by
grace; elegant; easy; becoming, -ly, adv.
-ness, n.— s race^ess, a. Lacking grace;
Immoral; vicious.

gra'cious, gre'shns, a. Courteous; kind;
affable; manifesting divine grace, -ly,
adv. -ness, n.

gra-da'tlon, gra-dfi'shxm, n. Advance
by steps.

grade, grfid. I. vt. [gra'dbd*"; gra'-
DiNG.] 1 . To classify by grades. 2. To
bring to a grade. 3. To improve by
cross-breeding. II. n. 1. A degree,
step, or rank in any series. 2. An incline,
or the degree of inclination. 3. A cross-
bred animal.

grad'u-al, graj'u-al or grad'yu-al, a.
1. Proceeding by steps; moving slowly
and regularly; slow. 2. Divided into
degrees; graduated, -ly, adv, -ness, n.

grad'a-ate, graj'u.§t or grad'yu-6t. I.
vt. & vi. [-A"TBD«>; -A'TiNG.l 1. To ad-
mit to or take an academic degree at the
end of a course. 2. To divide Into grades
or intervals; change by degrees. II. a.

Having been graduated from an institution
of learning. III. n. One who has been
graduatea by an institution of leammg.—
in*ad''a-a^tion, n. The act of graduating.

graft<*,^ grgft, vt. A vi. To insert, as a
graft; insert a graft hito.

grafti, n. A shoot inserted into a tree or
plant, BO as to unite with it.

ffraft,s I. vi. 1. To toll. "2. To obtain, as
money, by dishonest means. IP. n. 1.
Manual labor. t£. Anything obtained by
grafting, as money secured dishonestly.

grail, grSl, n. A broad bowl or chalice;
in memeval legend, the cup used by Christ
at the Last Supper; the Bali/ Grail.

grain, gr6n. I. vt. & vi. 1. To g^rann-
late. 2 . To paint or stain in imitation of
the grain of wood. II. n. 1 . Any very
small hard mass; a seed; kernel; minute
particle. 2. Cereals, collectively. 3. A
weight, the Vtooo part of a pound avoirdu-
pois. 4. Texture; direction of fibers, as
of wood. 6. Innate quality or character.

gram, ) gram, n. In the metric sya-

granime, i tem, a weight: 15.43 troy
grains. See Metric System, in Appendix.

gram'^l-nlv^o - reus, gram'i-niv'o-rua,
a. Feeding upon grass.

gram 'mar, gram 'or, n. The science
treating the correct use of language; a
treatise on this subject; any elementary
treatise.— gram- m a'ri-an , gram-mg'ri-UD,
n. One skilled In grammar.— arram-mat'-
ic-al, a. According to grammar, gran-
mat'ict.— gram-matac-al-ly, adv.

gram^pas, gram'pus, n. A large dol-
phin-like cetacean.

gran'a-ry, gran'a-ri, n. [-ries«, pi.] A
storehouse for grain.

grand, grand, a. Of imposing character
or aspect; magnificent; stately; noble;
chief .— grand'ly, adv.— grand^neM, n.
— granMam, granMame, n. A grand-
mother; an old woman.— grand'chlld'^,
n. The child of one's son or daughter.—
grand'daugfa^ter. n. /cwi.— grand'-
farther, n. The father of one's father or
mother, grand'pa'^tt jrrand'pa-pa'^t.
— grand'nioth"er, n. The mother of ones
father or mother, gran d'm a'^t i grand'-
ma-ina''t.— grand'par'^ent, «- The
parent or one's parent.— grand'alre'', «■
A grandfather; any male ancestor.— grand'-
son", n. The son of one's child.

gran-dee^, gran-dt', n. A Spanish noble.

gran'denr, gran' juror -d4ttr,n. Thequal-
ity of being grand ; sublimity ; magnificence.

gran-dll'o-quent, gran-dil'o-cwgnt, a.
Pompous or bombastic in style.— gran'*
diFo-quence. n.

popd, 9Bk; at, air; ©lament, th6y, us|ge; It, g, t (ee); o, 5h; orator, or; f nil, rfUe; but,

Digitized byLjOOQlC



eran^e, grgnj, n. A fann, with its dwell-

eiwn^it(e, gran'it, n. A rock composed
of quartz, Teldspar, and mica, of great
strength, and taking a high polish. — gra-
nt t'ic* a. Of or like gramte.

gra-nlv'o-rou«, jgra-niv'o-rus, a. Liv-
ing on grain or seediB.

errant, grgnt. I«». vt 1. To bestow;
confer. 2. To admit as tme; concede.
II. n. 1. The act of granting. 2. The
thing granted. 3. An admission; conces-
sion.— grant-ee^, grgnt-1', n. The person
to whom property or rights are granted.—
ffrant^er or -or, n. One who grants.

ei'an'u-lar, gran'yu-lar, a. Composed
of, like, or containing grains or granules.

e^ran'u-late, gran'yu-let, vt. & vi. [-la"-
TBD«»; -LA'TiNG.] To form into grains; be-
come granular. — gran^u-la^tion, n. The
forming Into grains or granules; a granu-
lated surface.

i^an'ule, gran'vai, n. A small grain;
particle; corpuscle.— gran^u-lous, a.

Scrape, gr6p, n. 1. The round edible fruit
growing in clusters on a vine called the
grape-vine; also, the vine. 2. Mil.
Grape-shot.— gra'per-y, grg'pgr-i, n. A
building or enclosure for the growing of
grapes.— flrrape'>8hot'^ n. A cluster of
cast-Iron shot, to be discharged from a can-
non.— ff.aTine* n. The vine that bears

grapli^lc, } graf 'ic, -al, a. Pertainhig

grapli^lc-al, f to or recorded in writing;
describing with pictorial effect, -ly, adv.

grapli'lte, grarait, n. Mineral. A
vanetj of carbon: used in the maldngof
lead-pencils, etc.

erap^nel, grap'nel, n. 1. A device

for grappling.
P'ront. 2. A

boat^s anchor
with many
gr ap ^ p le ,
grapa. I. vt. &
vi. [grap'plkd;


To seize; clinch;
contend. II. n.
1. A close hold, as in wrestling. 2. A
grasp, grgsp. I*, vt. To seize with the
hand; embrace firmly: comprehend. II. n.
1 .A grip of the hand. 2. Ability to seize
ana hold; possession; comprehension.—
ffrasp^ing, pa. Greedy of gain; avaricious.


grass, gras, n. 1. The green plants on
which cattle feed. 2. Sot. Any plant
with hollow, jointed stems and sheathhig
leaves.— grass'hop^per, 72. An insect hav-
ing powerful thighs adapted for leaping.—
srass^i-nesa, n.— grass^y* a. Abound-
ing In, covered with, or resembling grass.

grate*, grgt, vt. & vi. [gra'tedo; gra'-
TiNG.] 1. To rub together with ^ harsh
sound; rasp; irritate. 2. To wear away in
minute particles by rubbing.— gra'ter, n.
One who or that which grates; a utensil for
gratluR substances. [bars.

grate^d, vt. To fit with a grate or with

grate, n. A framework of bars, as to close
an opening, or to hold fuel in burning.

grate^fulT gr6t'ful, a. Having or ex-
pressing a due sense of benefits received;
thankful; gratifying, -ly, adv. -ness, n.

grat^l-iy,grat'i-fa^t;<. [-i'ied; -itt'ing.]
1. To please; satisfy. 2||. To recom-
pense: reward.— grat^'^i-fl-ca^tion, grafi-
il-k^' shun, n. The act of gratifying; state of
being gratified; that which gratifies.

gra^tls, gre'tis or grg'tis, adv. Without
recompense; freely.

grat^l-tude, grat'i-tifid, n. The state of
being grateful; thankfulness.

gra-tirl - tons, gra-tlQ'i-tns, a. Given
without recompense, as a benefit, or with-
out provocation, as an insult, -ly, adv.
-ness, n.— gra-tu^i-ty, n. [-tiks«, pi.]
Something given gratuitously; a present;

grave, grev, vt. [graved; graved or
gba'ven, grg'vn ; gra'ving.] To engrave.

graTe, a. Important; serious; sober.
•ly, adv. -ness, n.

graTe, n. An excavation in the earth for
the burial of a dead body; the abode of the
dead.— grave'stone'', n. A memorial
stone at a grave.— grave^yard'^, n. A
burIal«ground; cemetery.

graT^el, grav'el. I. vt. [grav'eled or
grav'elled; grav'el-ing or qrav'el-
LiNG.] To cover or fill with gravel. II. '
n. 1 . A mixture of sand and pebbles. 2.
Pathol. Granular concretions formed in
the kidneys.— grav^el-ly, a. [or chisel,

gra'ver, grS'vgr, n. An engraver; a burin

graT^l-tate, grav'i-tSt, vi. [-ta'ted**:
-TA'TiNQ.] To tend by or as by force or

graT^i-ta^tlon, grav'i-tS'shun, n. The
force with which all bodies attract each

graT^l-tF, grav'i-tl, n. [-ties', pi.) 1.
Gravitation; weight. 2. The quahty of
being grave; importance; sedateness.

Or; ft11t|9re(fatiire); atsle; an (out); oil; c (k); cliat; dli (the); go; sing, i^k; tliln.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



jfra^ry, gre'vi, n. [gra'vie8«, pi.] The
juice of cooked meat, or a saace made
from it

«i'»y» Igr^' t' a- 1. Of mingled white

grey, f and black. 2. Having gray bair;
hoaiy: aged. II. «. A gray color ; a gray

irray'honnd'% n. Same as ensYHOuin).

grazed, grez, tt. & vi. [grazed; gra'-
ziNO.] To feed upon herbage; pasture.

— gra'zier, gre'zbgr, n. One who pas-
tures or deals In cattle.

graze^, vt. & vi. [grazed; ora'zing.]
To touch lightly in passing; rub; abrade.

grease, grts or griz. I. vt. [greased,
grtst or grlzd; greas'ing.] To smear
with grease. II. grfs, n. Animal fat;
any fatty substance.— greas'l-ly, adv.—

frreas^i-ness, n. — arreas'y, gris'l, a.
oreas'i-er; greas'i-est.] Smeared with,
containing, or like grease; oily.

great, grit, a. 1 . Of large size, quantity,
number, or duration; big; vast: numerous;
prolonged. 2. Important; mighty; emi-
nent; (ustinguished; magnanimous) grand.
3. More remote by one generation; as,

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