James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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ing or ranging between tenor and treble.
If.* n. The lowest female voice.

al^to-geth^er, «l"to-gedh'fir, adv. Com-

i)letely; wholly: permanently.
^tru-lsm, artrG-izm, n. Disinterested
benevolence.— aPtru-lst, n. One who
holds to altruiBm.r-ar''tru-is^tic, a.

al-nm, al'um, n. An astringent mineral
salt. Tnnm ozid; pnre clay.

a-la'ml-iia, a-ln'mi-na, n. Chem, Alumi-

a-lu^mt-nuin, a-ia'mi-nnm. n. Alight,
silvery, metallic element, which does not
tamisn. a^u-mln^l-nmit:*

aFivajrs, 61'w§z, adv. 1, Perpctnally;
ceaselessly. 2. Begalarly; invariably.
al^way^ [Poet.l.

am, am, istper. atng. prea. ind. of be.

a-maln', a-mgn', adv. Vehemently; ex-
ceedingly; without delay.

a-mal^am, a-mal'gam. n. An alloy of
mercnry; a mixture; combination.

a-mal^ga-mate, a-mal'ga-m6t, vt &
vi. F-MA'TBD'*; -MA'TiNG.J To unitc in
an alloy with mercury; combine; mix.

—a-mal^ffa-m action, n. The forming
of an amalgam; mingling; mixture.

a-man^'^n-en^sls, a-man'yu-en'sis, n.
[-8BS, plJ] One who copies mannscript or
takes dictation.

am^a-rauth, am'a-ranth, n. A plant
with flowers that do not fade when gath-
ered; also, an imajginary never-fading
flower.— am''a-ran'tnin(e, am'a-ran'thin,
a. Unfading; immortal; of purplish hue.

a-mass^, a-mgs', vt. To heap up; ac-
cumulate.— a-maaa'ment, n. An accumu-
lation; heap.

am^a-tenr', am'a-tur'. I, a. Pertain-
ing to, like, or done by an amateur. II.
n. One who practises an art or a sport
merely for the love of it.

am^a-tlv(e, am'a-tiv, a. Pertaining to
sexual love; amorous.— ani'a-tiv(e-ne88,
n.— am'a-to-ry, am'a-to-rl, a. Character-
ized by, expressing, or given to sexual love.

a-maze', a-m§z% vt. [a-mazed'; a-ha'-
zmo.] To confound or bewilder; aston-
ish greatly.— a-ma'zed-Iy, a-m§'z§d-li,
adv.— a-maze^ment* n. wonder; surprise;
astonishment.— a-ma^zinjr, PO- Causing
amazement; wonderful. -ly, adv.

Am^a-zon, am'a-z^n, n. 1. One of a
mythical race of female warriors. 2. [A-

or a-] Any female warrior; a virago.—
Am^a-zo^nt-ant a. Pertaining to the
Amazons or to the Amazon river; warlike;

am-bas^sa-dor, am-bas'a-der, n. A
diplomatic envoy of highest rank; minister
plenipotentiary; any official messenger.
em-bas^sa-dort.— am-bas^sa-dreM*
am-bas'a-dres, n. 1. A female ambassa*
dor. i2. The wife of an ambassador.

am'ber, am'bgr. I. a. Pertaining to or
like amber. II. n. A yellowish fossil-
ized vegetable resin, hard, brittle, and

am^ber-gris, am'bgr-grts, n. A waxy
substance from the sperm-whale, used in

am^nbl-dex'ter, am'bi-dex'tgr. I, a.
Using both hands equally well, am^-
bl-dex^tronst. II. n. 1. One who
uses both hands eqi^ally well. 2. A
double-dealer; hypocrite. — am '^bl- dcx-
ter'i-ty, n.

am'bt-eiit, am'bi-«nt, a. Encompassing.

am-blfi/ii-ons, am-big'yu-us, a. Having
a double meaninsr; equivocal, -ly, adv.
-ness, «.— am'^bl-gu'l-ty, am'bl-glfl'l-
tl, n. [-TiEs», pi.) The quality of being am-
biguous; an ambiguous expression, am*

am-bFtlon, am-bish'un, n. 1. Inordi-
nate desire of power or distmction. 2.
Worthy eagerness to achieve something
great and ^od. 3. An object of ambitions
effort.— am-bl'tions, am-blsh'us, a. 1.
Characterized by ambition; aspiring. 2.
Pretentious; showy, -ly, adv. -ness* n.

am^bl(e,am'bl. 1, vi. [am'bl(e)d; am'-
BLiNG.] To move with an easy pace or
swaying motion. II. n. An easy gait, as
of a horse, in which both legs on one side
move at once,— am'bler, n.

am-bro^sla, am-brO'zia, n. The fabled
food of the gods; delicious food.
— am-bro^slal, am-br5'zial, a.

am'bn-lance, am'biu-lons, n. A covered
wagon for
conveying the
sick and

am^'^bn-la'- ,
tlon, am'-

bia-l§'8hun,n. ^ ^ ,

A walking Ambulance,

about. — am ^bu -latter, n.— am^bu-la-
to"ry, am'blu-la-t6'rl. I, a. Walking;
shifting. II, n. [-riks«, pl.'l A place for
walking. LAmbush.

aIU^bn8-cade^ am'bus-k^', v. & n.

am'bnsli, am'bush. V-, vt, 1. Tohide»

Gr; fl&t2f|re(fatare); aisle; an (out); ell; c (k); cliat; dli (,th€)\ ^o; sins, i^k; tliia

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as troope, for attack by Burprise. 2. To at-
tack from an amboah ; waylay. II. n. The
lying concealed to attack oy aurprise; the
bidine»place, or the persons hidden.
a-me'llo-rate, a-mt'lio-rgt, vt, & ri.

tRA'TED'*; -RA'TiNG.] To make or grow
stter; improve; relieve. — a-me'^Iio-ra'-
tton, n. An ameliorating; improvement.
a^men^ 6'men' or {Mua.) d'men', int€7J»

So it is, or so be it.
a-me^na-bl(e, a-mt'na-bl, a. Account-
able; subject; submissive; tractable.
— a-me^na-bly* adv.
a-inend'<*, a-mend', vt. & vi. To change
for the better; correct; improve.

— a-mend^a-to-ry, a. Tending to
amend.— a-mend^ment, n. Change or a
changing for the better; Improvement;
modlflcatlon.— a-mends^, a-mendz'. n. pi.
Reparation, satisfaction, or compensation.

A-meu^l-ty, a-men'i-ti, n. [-ties', pi.]

Agreeableness; pleasant*

ness. [catkin. ^

Am^ent, am'ent, n. A [f x^

a-merce', a-mgrs', «?<. [a- m j^


To mulct; fine, -ment, n,
A-mer^l-ean, a-mer'i-

can. I. a. Pertaining to

America, or to the United

States. II. n. 1. Aciti-

zen of the United States.

2 . An inhabitant of Amer- •*

ica. — A-mer'i-can-ize, vt.
am^e-tliyst, am'e-thist, n. Quartz of a

clear purple or violet color; also, the color.
— am^e-tbyst'in(e, a.
iii^iiil-a-bl(e, g'mi-Q-bl, a. Pleasmg in

disposition; kind-hearted; friendly.

— a^'^ml-a-biPi-ty, 6^I-a-biri-tl, n.
Sweetness of disposition; lovableness.
a^mt-a-bKe-nesBT.— a^ml-a-biy, adv.

am^l-ca-blCe, am'i-ca-bl, a. Friendly;
peaceable. — am^i-ca-biPI-ty, am^i-ca-
Dl(e-ness, n. The quality oi being amica-
ble.— am'i-ca-bly, adv.

a-iiild% a-mid' »r^. In the midst of;
among, a-midst't.

a-mld^slilps, a-mid'ships, adv. Half-
way between stem and stem.

a-inlss', a-mis'. I, a. Out of order;
unsuitable; wrong; improper. II. adv.
Improperly; erroneously.

am^l-ty, am'i-ti, n. Peaceful relations;
mutual good will; friendship.

am-mo'iil-a, am-mo'ni-a, n. A pungent
gas; also, a solution of this gas in water,
called spiritfl of hartshorn, aqua am-
monia, etc — am^mo-ni^a-cal, am'mo-
nai'a-cal, a. am-mo^nl-acj.

am^ma-nl'tlon, am'miu-nish'ira, n.

Powder, shot, etc., for firearms; resources

for confiict.
am'nes-ty. am'nes-ti, n. r-TiE8«,p/.] A

general act of pardon of ofiEenses against a

a-mons^, )a-mxrag', a-mung8t\ prep.
a-moUKSt^, (In or into the miasi of;

mingled with; in the country or time of.
am^o-rons, am'o-rus, a. Pertaining to

sexual love, or infiuenced by it; ardent in

affection; enamored. -ly,a^9. -neas,?^
a-mor'pnous, a-m9r'fus,a. Formless;

uncrystallized. -ly, adv. -ness, n.
a-monnt^ a-maunt'. ' T^, vi. To reach

in the aggregate; be equivalent: with to.

II. n. A sum total; aggregate; result.
am-plilb'l-oasj am-fib'i-us, a. Li>'ing

both on land and in water, as a frog, -ly,

adv. -nesst n.— am-phib^i-an, am-flb^l-

an. n. An amphibious animal.
am^pbl-tlie^a-ter, I am"fi-thl'a-tgr, n.
am'^phl-tlie'a-tre, f An oval edifice

having rows of seats which slope upward

from an enclosed arena.
am^plCe, am'pl, a. Spacious; large; com-
plete; abundant — am' pKe-nesa, n.—
- ' " " -' " vi. l-P" —

am'pli-fy, vt. & vi. C-pibd; -ft'iUg.]

To enlarge; expand; expatiate.— am^pSi-

fl-ca'tlon, n.— am'pli-tude, am'plI-tlGd,

n. Largeness; scope; fulness.— am'ply,

am'pll, adv. Largeljr; liberally; sufficiently.
am'pn-tate, am'piu-tdt, vi. r-TA"TBD«»;

-TA'TiNG.] To cut off, as a limo. — am^-

pu-t action, n.
am'u-let, am'yu-let n. A small object

worn as a charm against evU.
a-mnse', a-millz', vt. [a-musbd'; a-mu'-

siNo.] 1. To occupy pleasingly; divert;

entertain, ^o To excite to mirth.—

a-mnse'ment, n. Diversion; recreation;

an entertainment.— a-mu'sing-ly, adv.
an, an, indef. art. or adjective. One, or

any: used for the article a before words

beginninf: with a vowel sound.
an-aelt^ro-nlsm, an-ac'ro-nizm, n. A

confusion of dates; something out of time.
— an-acb^'ro-nls'tic, a.
an^a-con'da, an'a-cen'do, n. A large

tropical serpent that crushes its prey; a

boa or python.
a-nse'mi-a, an'^ees-the^sl-a, etc. See

ANEMIA, etc.

an'a-gram, an'a-gram, n. A word or
phrase formed from another by transpo-
sing letters.— an"a-gram-mat'lc, -ai, a.

a-nal'o-gy, a-nal'o-ji, n. [-giesS ^?^]
Resemblance of relations; similarity with-
out identity.— an"a-log'ic-aI, a. Figura-
tive. an''a-lo8r'ict.— an'^a-log'ic-al-

papd, gsk; at, air; element, th^y, usfge; It, |, t (ee); o, oh; orator, or; full, rllle; bi^i

Digitized byLjOOQlC



adv.— a-nal^o-ffous* a-nal'o-gua, a.
_. jembling In certain respects. — au'a-
loffdie. an'a-leg, n. Anything analogous
to something else.

a-naFy-sls, a-naPi-sis, n. [-ses, -bTz, jjI."]
The resoluiion of a compound into its ele-
ments; also, a logical synopsis.

— an^a-lyt'ic or -ic-alt an'a-llt'lc, -al,
a.— an'^a-Iyfic-al-ly, adv.

an'a-lfze, ran'a-laiz, vt, [-ltzed,

an'a-lTse, j -ltsed; -lt"zing, -ly'sino. J
To make an analysis of; examine minute-
ly or critically.
— an^a-l yst, n. One who analyzes.

an'arch-y, an'ark-i, n. Absence or dis-
regard of government; lawlessness.

— an-ar'chic, an-flr'klc, a. Without or
opposed to government; lawless, an-ar^-
cliic-aU.— au^arch-lsm, an'ark-izm, n.
Opposition to all government.— autarch-
tst, an'ark-lst, n. An opponent of all gov-
ernment.— an^'^arch-is'tic, a.

a-natlft'e-ma, a-nath'g-ma, n. [-mas or
an'a-thbm'a-ta, pl.l A formal ecclesi-
astical curse; also, a person or thing
anathematized.— a -nature -ma- tize or
•tisot -talz, vt. & vi. To pronounce an
anathema against; utter anathemas.

a-nat'o-my, a-nat'o-mi, n. [-mies', p/.]
1 . The science of the structure of organ-
isms, as of the human body. 2. Dissec-
tion; a corpse or skeleton; an emaciated
person.— an^a-tom^lc-al, a. Pertaining
to anatomy, an'^a-tom^ici. -ic-al-ly*
adv.- a-nat^o-mlst* n. One skilled In
anatomy. — a-nat^o-mize* vt. [-mized;
-Mi'ziKQ.] To dissect; analyze. -iiiise:t.

an^ces-tor, an'ses-tgr, n. A forefather.
— an-ces'tral, o. Of, pertaining to, or
Inherited from an ancestor.— an^ces-tress*
n. A female ancestor.— an'ces-try, an'-
ses-trl.n. [-trik8«,joM 1. One's ancestors
collectively. 9. Descent; noble or worthy

an^clior, a^^'cgr. I. vt. & vi. To secure
by an anchor; come to
anchor; lie at anchor;
fix; fasten. II. n. An
implement for holding
a vessel to the bottom
by means of a connect-
ing cable.

an^ciior-ase, a^^'cor-
gj, n. 1 . A place for
anchoring. 2. A com- /'
ing to or lying at an-

an^clio-ret, ai?'co-ret,
n. A recluse; hermit.

an-ciio'vy, an-cho'vl, w. [-vies", ^/.] A
very small, herring-like fish.


an^clent, §n'shgnt, a. Belonging to re-
mote antiquity; of great age; very old.

— an'cient-ly, odr. . [times.
an^clent>, n. One who lived in ancient
an^cl en t^ 11, n. A flagr or a standard-bearer.
an^cll-la-ry, an'si-lg-ri,

a. Secondary; subsidiary,
and, and, C07W. A particle

denoting addition: used

as a connective.
and'l'^ron, and'al'um,

n. A metallic support for

wood in an open fireplace, i
an'ec-dote, an'ecdot, n. *

A short story.— an'^ec-

dot^ic* a. Pertaining to '

anecdotes, an^ec-do^- Andirons.

a-ne^ml-a, ) a-nl'mi-a, -nl'[or-n§']ml-a,
a-nse^mt-a, ) n. Deficiency of blood;

bloodlcssness. — a-ne'inic or a-ntt^mlc, a.
a-neni^o-ne, a-nem'o-n§, n. A plant of

the crowfoot family;

a windflower.
an^es-tlie^sl-a, )
anises- tlie'sl-a, f

an'es-tht'si-aor -th§'-

si-OL, n. Insensibility ,

to pain, an^ses-


— an'^es-thet'lc or
aii'^»B-thet^ic, an'es-

. thet'lc. I. a. Pertaining

to or producing insensibility.

II. n. Anything that produces

anesthesia, as ether.
an^eu-rlsm, (an'yu-rizm,
an'eu-rysm, Sn. A tumor

formed by dilatation of the

coats of an artery. Anemone.

a-neur', a-niQ', adv. Once o,fniit.

more; again.
an^Sel, en'jel. I. a. Angelic. II. n. 1 .

A spiritual being, especially one of celestial

purity. 2. A rormer English gold coin.

— an-gel'lc, an-Jel'lc, a. Of or like
. angels; celestial; pure; beautiful; saintly.

an-gel'ic-aU*— an-seFic-al-ly, adv.

an'ger, a^^'ggr. I.
tate. II. n. Sud-
den and strong dis-
{)leasure ; wrath ;

an^sKe, av'gl, vt.
& vi. [an'gl(e)d;
an'gling.] To fish
with rod, hook,
and line: with/or.

vt. To provoke; irri-

— an^Bler, "n.— an'gling, n. Fishing

— an'irler, n.— an'g

with rod, hook, and line.

©r; fllltigre (future); eUsle; au (out); ell; c (k); ciiat; dli ithe)\ go; sing, i^k; tliin.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



an'el(ei, av'gl, n. The fleure, concept, or
relatton of two straight lines emanating
from one point, a corner; point; inclina-

ding page
, fisMng'i

tackle; a

tion. See lllus. on preceding page,

an'sl(e3,n. Aflsh^hook, f
fisHing with hook and line.

an^Si'y* ap'gri* «• [an'gri-er; an'gri-
BST.] Move^ with anger; indignant; in-
flamed.— an'gri-ly. adv.~An'gri-ne8s, n.

an'&rnlsh, aQ'gwish, n. Excruciating
pain; agony; tortnre.

an^gn-Iar, av'giu-lor, a. Having or per-
taining to an angle or angles; sharp*
cornered' pointed.— an'^gu-lar'l-tY, n.
[-TiE8«, pl.l The state or condition of oelng
angular, an'su-lar-neiisl:.— an^ffu-
lar-ly, adv.

an'il, an' 11, n. A West^Indlan indlgooplant;
the dve Indl^o.

an'll(e, an'll, a. Like an old woman;
feeble-minded.— a-nill-ty, n.

an^l-lln, I an'i-lin, n. A colorless oily

an^l-ltne, ) compound, the base of many
coal-tar dyes.

an"l-maa-vert'«*, an"i-mad-vsrt', i/'i. To
criticize or censure: followed by upon.

— an'^Umad-Tei^sloii, au'l-mad-vgr'-
shun, n. Criticism or censure.

an^i-nial, an'i-mal. I. a. Pertaining to
an animal or animals. II. n. 1 . A sentient
living organism other than a plant. {J. A
sentient creature other than a human be-
ing; a brute. — an'i-mal-ism, n. The state
of oelng a mere animal. [lum.

an'^i-maPcu-la, n. Plural of antmalotj-
an'^i-niarcule,an'i-mal'ki1U,n. [-culbs,
-kitllz, pi.] A micro-
scopic animal, an^-


— an^i-mal^cu*

lar. a. Pertaining to

or like animalcules. ^

an^i-mate, an'i-m6t. I

I. Vt. [-MA'TED'J; *

•MA'TiNG.] To make *
Alive; arouse; en-
liven; inspire. II.
a. Possessing animal
life; living; lively.

— an'^i - ma^tl on*
an'i-m^'shun, n. The
act of Impartine or the
state of possesBing life;
liveliness; vivacity. Anise.

an'^i-mo s^-t t, an'. o. root; 6, top.

i-mes'iti, n. [-tibs»,

pi.] Active enmity; hatred; ill will.
an^i-mufi, an'l-mus, n. The animating

thouKht; spirit; Intention; temper.
an^i8(e, an'is, n, A small North-African

plant.— an^l^aeed^, n. The fragrant warm«
tastlnff seed of the anise-plant.
an'kl(e, a^'kl, n. The joint connecting
- - - /^^^

klet, n. A band

the foot and the leg.-

f or the ankle.
a n' nals , an'alz, n.pL A record of events

in the order of time. — an^nal-ist, n. A

writer of annals.
an-neal^, ftn-ntl', Tt. To render soft and

tough bv heating and then slowly cooling.
an-nex't, ftn-nex', vt. To add or affix;

join; unite; attach.— an-nex', ftn-nex' or

an'ex, n. An addition; appendix; addendum.

— an'^nex-a'tion, an^ex-^'sUun, n. The

act of annexing: an addition.
an-nl'lil-late, ftn-noi'hi-lfit, rt. F-la'-

TED«>; -LA'TiNG.l To rcducc to nothing;

destroy.— an-nr'hi- la' tion, ftn-nai"hi-le'-

sbmi, n. An annihilating; destruction.
an'-'nl-ver'sa-rv, an"i-vgr'sa-ri. M. a.

Recurring annually. II. n. [-ries*, pi.]

A day on which some special event is an-

nnally celebrated, as a birthday.
an'uo Dom'l-ni. an'O dem'1-nal or -nt. In

the year of our Lord, i. e. of the Christian

era: abbreviated A. D.
an'no-tate, an'o-t6t, vt. & vi. [-ta*-

TED<*; -TA'TiNG.] To make critical notes

(on or upon). — an'^no-ta'tion, an"o-te'-

shun, n. The act of annotating; a note.—

an^no-ta'^tor, n. A commentator.
an-nonnce', ^-nouns', vt. [an-


intelligence of; proclaim; declare. — an*
nounce'inent, n. The act of announcing;
publication; declaration.

an-noy^, ftn-nel', vt. To trouble; worry;
bother; irritate.- an-noy'ance, ^n-nei',
ans, n. The act of annoying or that which
annovs; the state of being annoyed.— an-
noy^inff-lyt adv.

an'nu-al, an'yu-ol. I. a. Returning
every year; pertaining to the year: lasting
only one year. II. n. 1. A book or
pamphlet issued once a year. 2. A plant
living but for a single year, an'nu-al-ly,
adv. Year by year; yearly.

an-nu'i-ty, ftn-nift'i-tijjr. [-ties* pi.]
An annual allowancejoflncome.

an-nuF, an-nul', vt. [an-nitlled'; an-
nul'ling?) To render or declare void;
nullify; abolish.— an-nuPment, n.

an'nn-lar, an'vu-lar, a. Of or like a
ring; ring-shaped; marked with rings.

an-nan'cl-a»e, I an-nun'shi-€t, vt. [-a*.

an-nun'ti-ate, Jted**; -a'ting.] To
make known; announce. — an-nun^'d-a'-
tion, an-nun^sl-^'shun, n. 1. The act of
announcing; a proclamation. iJ. [A-1 The
festival (mrch 25) commemorating the an-
nouncement by the angel to the Virgin (.Luke

papfi, 9Bk; at, air; el^m^nt, they, usf ge; it, g, i (ee); o, oh; orator, er; full, rfile; bot.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



1, 28-88).~aii-nuii'ci-nnor, n. That
which announces; an Instrument showing a
number or name when a bell Is rung.

an^ode, an'Od, n. The positive voltaic
pole: opposed to cathode.

an'o-dyne, an'o-dain. I. a. Allaying
pain; soothing. II. n. Anything that re-
lieves paiOf calms, or soothes; an opiate.

a-nolnt'<>, a-neint', vt. To put oil upon,
as for consecration; consecrate.

a-nom'a-lons, a-nem'a-lns, a. Devia-
ting from rule; irregular; abnormal.

— a-noin^a-lous-ly« adr.— a-nom^a-
ly, a-nem'a-ll, n. [-LiKS«,p/.] Irregularity;
anything abnormal.

a-non^, a-nen', adv. 1. In a little while;
presently. 2. At another time; again.

a-non'y-mons, a-nen'i-mns, a. Bear-
ing no name; not known by name.
-ly, adv. -ness, n.

an-oth^er, gn-udh'gr, a. & pron. Not
{he same; distinct; different; one more.

an' surer, gn'sgr, v. 1. t. 1. To speak
or act in response to; acknowledge; re-
ply; especially, to reply favorably; retali-
ate; controvert; solve, as a riddle. 2. To
be sufficient for; correspond to; atone for;
expiate. II. i. 1. To reply or respond;
correspond; be sufficient. 2. To be re-
sponsible; atone.

an'surer, n. A reply or response; ref-
utation; retaliation; solution.— an'awer-
a-bKe* -a-bl, a. Responsible: amenable;
corresponding; adequate; suitable.

ant, gnt, n. A smedl insect; an emmet.

an-taiLg^o-nlze, I an-tag'o-naiz, vt. & vi.

an-tas^o-nlse, J L-nizbd, -nised; -ni"-
ziNG, -Ni'siNG.] To oppose; contend
with; counteract; neutralize; check; act
in antagonism.— an-tag^o-ntem, -nizm, n.
Opposition; hostility.— an-tair'o-nist. n.
An adversary; opponent.— an-tair'^'o-nis'-
tlc, a. Opposed; hostile, -al-ly, adv.

ant-arc'tle, ant-drc'tic, a. Pertaining
to or designating the south pole or the re-
gions near it.

ant^eat^er, gnl
tt'er, 71. A mai

mal that feeds ( jto

ants. \

an^te-ce'deni ^

an'tgst'dgnt. I ^

a. Going he- ^
fore; prece-
ding. II. n. r.
1 . One who

or that which goes before. 2. The noun
to which a relative pronoun refers. 3.
pi. The previous history of a person or

•fashioned person.

thing.— an'^te-ee'dence, n. The fact or
state of being antecedent.

an'te-cham^ber, an't§-ch§m'bsr, n. A
room serving as an entranceway to another

an'te-date, an't§-d6t, vt. [-da'ted**;
-DA'TiNG.] T9 date back; precede in time.

an^te - dl - lu'vl-an, an't§-di-lQ'vi-an.
I. a. Earlier than the flood; antiquated;
primitive. II. n. One that lived before
the flood; an old or old-fashioned person.

an'te-lope, an'r^-lop,
n. A deer-like animal,
intermediate between
cattle and goats, as the
gazel, etc.

an't§-m§-rid'i-an, a. . ^ ,
Before noon. Antelope, i/a

an^te-mun'dane, an'te-mun'dgn, a.
Preceding the world's creation. [birth.

an^te-na'tal,an'[email protected]'tal, a. Preceding

an-ten'na, an-ten'a, n. [-sm, -nt or -ne,
pi.] One of the feelers of an insect.

an-te'rl-or, an-tt'ri-^r, a. 1. Antece-
dent; prior; earlier. 2. Farther front;
situated at the front, [room ; antechamber.

an'te-rooin'^, an't§-rum", n. A waiting-

an'them, an'them, n. A joyous or tri-
umphal song or hymn.

another, an'thgr, n. Bot. The pollen-
bearing part of a stamen.

an-thoFo-gy, an-thel'o-ji, n. [-gibs', p^.J
A collection of choice literary extracts.

an'tUra-elte, an'thra-sait, n. Mineral
coal of nearly pure carbon; hard coal.

an'tliro-pold, an'thro-peid. I. a. Some-
what like a human being in form; man-
like. II. n. An anthropoid ape.

an^thro-pol'o-gy, an"thro-pel'o-jl, n.
[-GIBS', pi."] The science of man.

— aii^'f hro-po-loflr'Ic-al, a. Pertain-
ing to anthropology or to man. an'^thro-
po-losr'ici:.— an"thro-poI'o-irtst» n. A
student of anthropology.

an'ttc, an'tic. I. a. Odd; fantastic; ludi-
crous. II. n. A prank; caper; clown;

An'tl-clirl8t, an'ti-craist, n. An enemy
of Christ; a false Christ.— an"ll-chrl»'-
tlan, a. & n.

an-tlc^l-pate, an-tisM-pSt, vt. & vi.
[.PA'TED^; -PA'TiNG.] 1. To look for-
ward to; foresee; expect; cherish expecta-
tion. 2. To act sooner than; forestall;
prevent; fulfil beforehand; foretaste.

— an-tic^i-pa^tion, an-tis'l-p^'shun, n.
The act of anticipating; prevision; foretaste;
expectation.— an-tic^l-pa-to-ry, an-tis'l-

dr; flfitlQre (future); aisle; an (out); ell; c (k); cliat; dli {the); go; sing, iigik; tliiiu

Digitized byLjOOQlC



pe-to-ii, a. Marked by anticipation.

an^tl-cll'max. an'tl-clai'max, n. A sud-
den descent or fall : the opposite of climax.

an^tl-dote, an'ti-dot, n. Anything hav-
ing power to coanteract the effects of poi-
son or of any evil.— an'tl-do^lal, a. Of,
like, or pertaining: to an antidote or antidotes.

an^tl-ino-tiy, an'ti-mo-ni, n. A silver*
white, hard, crystalline, metallic element.

— an^ti-ino'nl-al, an'tl-mO'nl-al, a. Of
or containing antimony.

aii-tlp'a-tliy, an-tip'a-thi, n. [-thies«,
pi.] An instinctive aversion, or that
which excites it. — an'^ll-pa-thel'lc, a.
Having antipathy; naturally repugnant.

an-tl]KO-des, an-tip'o-diz or -des, n.
sing. & pi. A place or people on the
opposite side of the earth; the opposite
extreme. — an-tlp'o-dal, an-tip'o-dal, a.
Pertaining to the antipodes; diametrically
opposed. — an'ti-pode« an'tl-pOd, n. 1.
An exact opposite. "Z, One of the antipodes.

an^tl-qua-ry, an'ti-cwg-ri, n. [-ribs',
I.] One who collects, examines, or deals
I ancient objects, as coins, etc.
— an^tl-qua^ri-an, an"tl-cw6'rl-an. 1.
a. Pertaining to antiquity or antiquities.
II. n. An antiquary.

an^tt-quate, an'ti-cwfit, vt. [-qua'tbd*;
-QUA'TiNG.] To make old or obsolete.

— an'tl-qua^'^tedt pa. Out of date; old'
fashioned; obsolete; ancient; superannuated.

an-Uque', an-t!c'. I. a. Ancient in fact
or in style. II. n. The style of ancient
art, or some specimen of it; antiquity.

an-tlq'nl-ty, an-tic'wi-ti, n. [-ties>, pi.]
The state or quality of being ancient; an-
cient times; an ancient object.

an^'tt-sep'ttc, an"ti-sep'tic. I. a. Pre-
venting putrefaction, etc. -alt. II* ^*
Anything having antiseptic qualities.


an-tttlft'e-sls, an-tith'§-8is. n. [j-ses, -stz,
pL] 1 . Opposition of words or ideas. 2.
The contrary; a contrast. — an'^'tl-thet''

Ic-alf an'tl-thet'Ic-al. a. Directly opposed;
contrasted, au'^'ti-thef^ict. -iy» adv.

an^'ti-tox'iiif n. A substance formed In the
body which neutralizes the poisonous pro-
ducts of microbes.

aii'tl-type, an'ti-taijp, n. That which a
tyjic prefigures. — an'^tl-typ'lc-al, a.

a littler, ant'lgr, n. A deciduous bony
outgrowth or horn on the head of a deer.

an'to-nym, an'to-nim, n.
A word directly opposed to
another in meaning.

an'vil, an'vil, n. A heavy
block of iron or steel on Anvil
which metal may be forged.

anx^ions, a^^c'shus, a. 1 . Mentall v troub-
led or perplexed; also, eager; solicitous.

2. Worrying; distressing. — anx-i'e-ty,
aQ-zal'g-tl, n. [-tisss, prl Misgiving; so-
licitude; eagerness.— anx^ious-ly, adv.—
anx^ions-nesfi* n. Anxiety.

au^y, en'i. I. a. 1. Ona; a; an; some.

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