James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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jams n. A number of people or objects

jam^, n. A conserve of fruit.

jamb, jam, n. A side of a doorway, etc.

jan^jzle, ja^'gl. I. vt. & vi. [jan'gled;
jan'gling.] To make harsh, broken
sounds; wrangle; bicker. II. n. Discord-
ant sound; wrangling.

jan^l-tor, jan'i-t§r, n. One who has the
care of a bnilding.

jan^l-za-ry, jan'i-zg-ri, n. [-ribs", pi.]
One of the former body-guard of the
Turkish sultans, jan^ls-sa-ryt-

Jan^u - a - ry, jan'yu-g-ri, n. The first
month of the year.

ja-pan', jG-pan'. l,vt. [ja-panned'i ja-
pan'ning.] To lacquer with japan. II«n.

vr; filltg^re (fntnie); aisle; an (out); ell; c (k); chat; dli (the); go; sing, iqik; tbln.

Digitized byVjOOQlC



1. LacqneredJapanese work. 2. A hard
. black varnish.
jap'^a-nese^, jap'a-nts' or -ntz'. I. a.

Belonging to Japan or its people. II. n.

A native of Japan or the language of Japan.
Jar, jOr, v. [jarred; jar'rixg.] 1. 1. To

caose to tremble or shake; agitate. II. 2.

1. To rattle. 2. To clash; conflict. 3.

To shake or tremble.
« Jar^, n. 1. A shaking, as from a sadden

shock. 2. A discordant sound; discord;

strife. Fearthenware or glass.

iar^, n. A deep, wide-mouthed vessel of
ar'gon, jdr'gen, n. Confused speech.
as^mlnCe, jas'min, n. An ornamental
plant with fragrant, generally white, flow-
ers. Jas^mlnt*

Jasper, I jas'psr, -ait, n. An impure,

jas^er-lte, f opaque, colored variety or

jaun'dlce, jdn'dis, n. A disease charac-
terized by yellowness of the skin.

jaunt, iflnt. I«*. vi. To ramble about. II.
n. A short journey ; a pleasure-trip.

Jaun^ty, jfln'ti, a. [jaun'ti-er; jaun'-
Ti-EST.] Careless; sprightly.

jave^lln, jav'lin, n. A short, light spear,
for throwing.

jaur, jS, «. 1. One of the bones of the
mouth in which the teeth are set; also such
bone with its attachments. 2. Anything
like or suggesting such an organ, as one of


■'\ D

the grippmg parts of a vise: often used

figuratively; as, tYiejaws of


Jay, je, n. A small crow-like
bird of brilliant coloring.
• jeaPous, jel'us, a. 1 . Ap-
prehensive of being displaced .^
by a rival. 2. Anxiously '«
watchful, -ly, adv. -ness,
n.— jeal'ous-y,w. [-iK8«,pZ.]

Jean, jgn, n. A twilled cot-
ton cloth. Jeknsi:. « -

Jeer, jtr. I. vt. & vi. To American
scoff at; mock. II. n. A Blue Jay. i/is
derisive word or speech.

Je-bo^vali, je-ho'va, n. Lord; specific-
ally, the covenant God of the Hebrew
people. [-ly, adv. -ness, n.

Je-june^, j§-jt!in', a. Lifeless; dry; dull.

Jelly, jel'i. I. vi. [jel'lied, jel'id;
jel'ly-ino.] To turn to jelly. II. w.
[jel'lies*, pZ.] Any semisolid glutinous
substance, as fruit-juice boiled down with

Jen'ny, jen'i, n. [jbn'nies", »?.] 1. A
spinning-machine. 2. A female ass.

jeop^ard*^, jep'ord, vt. To expose to

loss or injury ; imperil, jeop'ara-lzet-

— jeoirard-yt n. Exposure to danger;

jerks jgrk. 1*. vt. & vi. To give a
jerk to; move with jerks. II. ». A
short, sharp pull, twitch or fling.
— ierk'F, a.

jcrli3, 'ct. To cure (meat) by cutting into
strips and drying.

jer^kln, jtjr'kin, w. A jacket.

Jer'sey, jsr'z§, n. 1 . One of a breed of
cattle from the island of Jersey. 2. A
seamless, knit upper garment.

jes'sa-mln(e, jes'o-min, n. The jas-
mine. [A joke; raillery.

jest. jest. I<>. vt. & vi. To joke. II. n.

Jes^n-lt, jez'yu-it or jezh'u-it, n. 1.
H. C. Ch. A member of the Society of
Jesus. 2. A subtle casuist.— Jes'^u-it'ic,
a. Jea'^u-it^ic-aU.

jet, jet, vt. & vi. [jet'ted*; jet'tdjg.J
To shoot out in a jet or jets.

jets n. 1. That which spurts out. 2. A
spout or nozle.

jef, n. 1 . A rich black mineral coal, used
for ornaments. 2. The color of jet.

jet'ty , jet'i, a. Like or made of jet; black
as jet.

jet'ty, n. [jet'ties^, pL] A pier.

Je^v, jQ, n, A Hebrew: an Israelite.
— JeTT'ess, n. A female Jew.— Jew'-
isli, a. Of or pertaining to a Jew or Jews:

jew'el, jQ'el. I. vt. [jew'eled or jeW-
elled; jew'el-inq or JEW 'el-ling.] To
adorn with jewels. II. «. A precious
stone; gem; anything precious.— jew'el-er,
n. A dealer In or maker of jewelry, jew'-
el-lert.— Jew'el-ry, «. 1. Jewels col-
lectively. 2, The trade of a Jeweler.

jenr's'snarp'", jiiz'-hflrp', «. A small
musical instrument with a metal frame
and a bent metallic tongue.

jib, jib, n. A triangular sail extending from
the foretopmast'head to the jib-boom or
the bowsprit.— Jlb'sboom'^, n. A spar
forming a continuation of the bowsprit

jibe, jcdb, vt. & vi. Nant. [jibed;
ji'bing.] To shift, as a sail; tack.

jig, jig, n. A light, gay dance to a rapid

jilt, jilt. I", vt. & vi. To discard, as a
lover. II. w. One who discards a lover.

Jln'sKe, jip'gl. [jin'gl(e)d; jin'gling.]

1. vt. & vi. To make a slight, tinkling
sound. II. n. 1. A tinkling sound.

2. Any pleasing succession of rhythmical

Jin'ffo, Jl9'g5, n. [CoUoq.] PotU. One in

papfi, gsk; at, air; el^mgnt, th^y, U8|ge; It, J, i (ee); o, oh; erati^r, «r; f nil, rllle; but,

Digitized byLjOOQlC


favor of a spirited and aggressive foreign
Job, job. l..vt.& vi. [jobbbd; job'bino.]

1. To bay, sell, work, etc., by the job. II.
n. 1 . A piece of work done as a whole.

2. A corrupt moneymaking scheme.—
job^ber, n. 1. A middleman. 2. An In-

;rlKuer. 3. One who works by the Job.


Jock^ey, jek'e. I. vt & vi. [jock'eyed;
jocK'ET-iNG.J To play the jockey with;
be tricky; cheat. II. w. 1 . One employed

to ride horses, as at races. 2. A cheat.

3. A horse'dealer.
Jo-cose', io-cos', a. Of the nature of a

joke; jocular, -ly, adv. -ne«s,n.— joe'-

n-lar, a. 1. Being In a joking mood;

making jokes. 2. Jocose.— joc''u-lar'-

i-ty, n.— joc'u-lar-ly. adt;. —joc'nnd,

jec^und, a. Jovial: sportive.
Jog, jeg. J, vt. & vi. [jogged; jog'-

GiNG.] Tomove with a joe; nudge. II.

n. 1 . A slight push, as with the elbow.

2. A slow, jolting motion. 3. A notch.
— jog'ger, n.
Jog'glCe, jeg'l. I. vt. & vi. [jog'gl(b)d;

joo'gling.] To shake slightly; jog. II.

n. A jolt.
Join, join, vt. & vi. 1. To put together;

unite; connect; combine, i. To engage

in (battle, etc.) together.
Joint'', jeint, vt. &vi. To form with or

unite by joints.
joint, a. Combined; shared; joined.

— joint'ly, adv.
joint, n. 1 . A junction, as of two mova-
ble bones; place of union: hinge. 2. A

piece of meat, as for roasting.
Joist, joist, n. A horizontal timber in a

floor or ceiling.
Joke, jok. I. vt. & vi. [joked*; jo'king.]

To make sport of; attack >

playfully; utter witticisms; /

banter* jest. II. n. 1. A

jest. 2. A subject of mer-
Jol'ly, jol'i, a. [jol'li-br;

jol'li-est.J 1 . Pull of life

and mirth; iovial. 2. Ex-
pressing mirth; exciting

gaiety; a merrymaking.
— jol'li-ty, n.
Joiayboat*, jol'i-bot", n.

A small boat belonging to a

Jolt, jolt. 10. vt. & vi. To

shake with a jarring movement. II. n.

A sudden slight shock.
jon'qull, jon'cwil, n. A bulbous plant

related to the daffodil.
Joss, jos, n. A Chinese god or idol.



Jos'tl(e, jos'l, vt. & vi. [jos'tl(e)d; jos'-
TLiNQ.] To push or crowd against.— Jos'-
tl(e« n. A bumping against, or slight sha-

Jot, jot. J.vt. [jot'ted«1; jot'ting.] To
note down or sketch offhand. II. n. The
least bit; an iota.

jour'nal, jur'ncU, n. 1. A daily record:
diary. 2. Anewspapjer. 3. That part of
a shaft which rotates in a bearing.— Jour'-
nal-ism, n. The occupation of a journal-
ist.— jonr'nal-istt n. One who manages,
edits, or writes for a Journal or newspaper.

jour'ney, jur'n§. I.t?i. To travel. II.
n. Passage from one place to another.—
jonr'ney-maiit n. [-men, p/.] A skilled

Joust, just, V. & n. Same as just, v. & n.

Jo'vl-al, iO'vi-al, a. Mirthful; merry;
jolly.— jo^vl-aKi-ty, n.

Jowl, p\ or jaul, n. The cheek or jaw.
oy, joi, n. 1 . A lively emotion of happi-
ness; gladness. 2. Something that gives
delight.— joy'ful, a. 1. Full of joy. 2.
Manifesting Joy.— joy 'less, a. Destitute
of joy.— joy'ous, a. JoyfuL

ju'bl-lant, jft'bi-lant, a. Manifesting
great joy; exultingly glad; triumphant. —
ju'^^bf-la^tion, n. Rejoicing: exultation.—
ju^bi-lee, n. 1, The fiftieth anniversary
of an event. *8, Any season of rejoicing.

Ju-da'lc, ju-dg'ic, a. Pertaining to the
Jews. Ju-da'lc-alt.— Ju^da-ism, n.
The Jewish system of religion or govern-
ment; Jewish beliefs or practises.

judge, juj, V. [judged; judg'ing.] 1. 1.

I . To come to a conclusion regarding. 2.
To decide upon evidence; try judicially.

II. i. 1 . To form a judgment; sit in judg-
ment; express judgment. 2. To consider.

Ji "


the administration of juslfce.
jn-dl'clal, ju-dish'ol. a. 1. Pertaining
to a court or to the administration of jus-
tic6. 2. Discriminating; impartial, -ly,
arte— ju-di'ci-a-ry. I. a. Pertaining to
courts of justice. II. n. 1. That depart-
ment of government which administers the
law. 2* The Judges collectively.

6r; fiat|Qre (future); aisle; an (out); oil; c (k); ckat; dli (Me); go; sing, i^k; tliin.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



Jn-dFclons, ju-dish'us, a. Manifesting
forethought and sense; prudent; wise.
-ly, adv. -ness, n.

Jug* jug, n. 1 . [U. S.] A narrownecked,
stout, bulging vessel for liq-
uids, designed to be closea
with a cork. 2. A pitcher.

jug'glCe, jug'l. \,vt.& vi.


To deceive by trick; practise

sleight of hand. II. n. A

trick; deception.— jug'gler,

n. One who practises sleight

of hand. — jnaf'ffler-y* n.
Ju^go-lar, jQ'giu-lar. I.

a. Pertaining to the throat

or to the jugiilar vein. II. French Earth-

n. One of the large veins enware Jug.

of the neck.
juice, jBs, n. The fluid part of vegetable

or animal matter.— juPcy, a. Abounding

with juice.

ju^sjuf'sn', jtl.'JufsQ', n.


orthrowlagan opponent by sfeight. ji'^nl

ju'lep, jii'lep, n. A drink composed of
sweetened liquor and mint. [the year.

Ju-ly', ju-lai', n. The seventh month of

juiii'bl(e,JDm'bl. l.vt&vi. [jitm'bl(e)d;
jum'bling.] To mix confusedly. II. n.
1 . A confused mixture. 2. A thin sweet

jumps jump, 17. I, ^. 1. To leap over.
2* To cause to leap. II. i. To impel one-
self through the air; leap; spring.

jump, n. The act of jumping; a leap;

junction, juijc'shun, n. 1. Tlfe act of
joining, or condition of being joined. 2*
A place of union or meeting.— junc'ture,
n. 1. A junction; joint. 2, An occasion
when circumstances meet. [year.

June, jOn, n. The sixth month of the

juii^gl(e, JTHi'gl, n. A dense thicket; a
forest choked with undergrowth.

jnn^lor, jtSn'ygr. I. a. Younger in years
or lower in rank. II. n. The younger of
two; a younger person. — ju'^nl-orl-ty, n.

ju^nl-per, ifi'ni-pgr, n. An evergreen

shrub with darkoblue berries.
junk^ jmik, n. 1 . NauL (1) Old cordage.

(2) Salt meat. 2. Cast-off material.
j unk^, n. A large Chinese sailing vessel.
jun'ket, jim'ket. I<». vt. & vi. To feast

in company; revel. II. n. A feast: picnic.
jnn'to, Jun'to, n. A faction; a cabal,
ju-rld'lc-al, ju-rid'ic-Ql, a. 1. Relating

to law. a. Assumed by law to exist. Ju-

ju^^rls-dl cation, jiS'ris-dic'shun.w. The

right or limit of exercising authonty.
ju'^rls-prn'dence, jG'ris-prQ'dsns, n.

1 . The science of law. 2. A system of


fu^rlst, pfl'rist, «. One versed in law.
u^ror, jJB'rSr, n. ^A member of a jurv.

ju'ry, jG'ri, n. [ju'riess pi.] A 1 .
of men sworn to give a true verdict upon
the evidence in a trial; any committee of

j u^ryslnast^^ n. Naut. A temporary mast.

just. Must. I«». vi. To engage in a tilt

joust, for tournament. II. n. A tilting
match between mounted knights.

just. I. a. Righteous; honest: equita-
ble. II. adv. 1. Exactly; precisely. 2.
But now; this moment. 3. Barely; only.

jns'tlce, jus'tis, n. 1. Conformity to the
principles of right; honesty; impartiality.
2. A judge.— jus-ti'd-a-ry. I. a. Per-
taining to law or the administration of Jus-
tice. II, w. [-BiEs«,p;.] A Judge.

jus'tl-fy, jus'ti-faij t;^. [-fibd; -fy'ing.]
1 . To show to be just; vindicate. 2. To
declare blameless; exonerate. 3. To ad-
just. —ja8'tl-fl''a-bl(e, a. Capable of behig
Justified.— jna^'^ti-fi-ea'ti on, n. The state
of being Justified.

jut, jut. l.vi. [jut'ted*»; jut'ting.] To
project. II. n. A projection.

j ute, jQt, n. An annual Asiatic herb of the
linden family, or its fiber: used for bags.

j u' ve-iill(e, ja've-nil. I, a. Youthful;
young. II. w. A young person.— ju'^ve-
niPi-tyt n. Youthfulness.

jnx'^ta-po-sl^tlon, jux'ta-po-zish'nn, n-
A placing close together; contiguity.

papd, 9Bk; at, air; el^m^nt, thSy, us^ge; It, J, I (ee); o, oh; orator, er; full, rfUe^ but.

Digitized byLjOOQlC




K, k, k§, 71. [kats, K'8, or Kb, k§z» »/.]

The eleventh letter in the English alphaoet.
kaFak, kai'ak

or kd'yak, n. A

hunting canoe of

arctic America,

made of sealskin

stretched over a

frame. [kalb.
kail, n. Same as
Kal'ser, koi'-

zer,n. Caesar: the

title of the Ger- Kalak.

man emperors.
kale, kel, n. A headless cabbage.
ka-lel^do-scope, ka-lai'do-scop, n. An

instrument which, by means of mirrors,

presents objects viewed through it in sym-
metrical patterns.— ka-Iei'^do-scop'Ic, a.
kaPso-miney v. & n. Same as calctminb.
Ka-na^ka, ka-nfl'ka, n. A native of

kan^S:a-roo^, kap'ga-rfl', n. A marsupial

quadruped of Australia, having strong

hind limbs and moving by leaps.
ka^o-lln, kg'o-lin, n. A variety of white

clay: a chief ingredient of porcelain.
ka^ty-dld'^ ke'ti-did", n. An insect

named from its cry.
ka^yack, kay^ak* n. S. f*

Same as eaiak.
kedse, kej, 71. Alight

keel, k!l. \,'Gt.& vi.

1 . To put a keel on. j .

2. To turn up the keel ; *^ ^
as, to ked over. II.

n. The lowest length-
wise member of the
framework of a vessel,
forming a projecting
ridge along the bottom
from stem to stem. —
keel^son, n. A beam Broad-winged
running lengthwise Katydid. 1/2
along the keel of a ship.

keen, kin, a. Very sharp and cutting;
acute; shrewd, -ly, adv. -ness, n.

keep, kip, v. Fkept; keep'ing.] \.t. 1.
To have hold; retain. 2. To protect;
guard; defend. 3. To support; maintain.
4. To be faithful to, as a pledge or com-
mand. II. i. To remain; stay; continue
sound, sweet, fresh, or the like; endure.—
keep^er, w.— keep'inar, n. 1. Custody,

charge, or pdssession. 2. Right proportion;
suitableness. 3* Maintenance; support.—
keep^skke^'^. n. Anything kept for the
sake of the giver; a memento.
keep, kip, n. 1. Means of subsistence;
livelihood. 2. A castle; fortress.

kes, keg, n. A small, strong barrel.
ke^, kelp, n. Large coarse seaweed
Kelt, Kelt^ic. Same as Celt, etc.

ken, ken. \,vi. [kenned or kbnt; ken'-
NiNG.] To know; descry; see. II. n.
Beach of sight or knowledge.

ken^nelS ken'el, n. 1. A house for a
dog or for a pack of hounds; also, the pack.
2. A lair; den. [puddle.

ken^nel^, n. The gutter of a street; channel;

kept, kept, imp. & pp. of keep, v. [etc.

ker-am'ic, ker-am^ics* Same as cebamio,

ker^cklef, kgr'chif, n. A sq^uare, as of
linep or silk, used as a covermg for the
head or neck, or as a handkerchief.

ker'nel, kgr'nel, n. A grain or seed;
edible part of a nut; gist.

ker'o-sene, ker'o-sin, n. Illuminating
oil distilled from crude petroleum.

ker'sey, ker'zg, n. A smooth, light-weight
beaver cloth.

ketch^up, n. Catchup, [stewing or boiling.

ket'tle, ket'l, n. A metallic vessel for

keyi, kl, n. 1 . An instrument for moving
the bolt, in a lock. 2. Anything that dis-
closes or opens something; a lever to be
pressed by the finger in a musical instru-
ment or a typewriter. 3. A key-note;
qualitv, intensity, or pitch of tone in
speaking.— keyboard'', n. A range of
keys, as in a piano or typewriter. — key'-
hole", n. A nole for a key, as In a door or
lock.— key-note", n. 1, Jfua. The tonic
of a key, from which It Is named. 2. A ru-
ling principle or sentiment.— key'stone'',
n. The uppermost and completing stone of
an arch.— key'sw^ord'^ n. A word used as
a guide to the pronunciation of other words.

key2, n. A low island, as of coral.

key*, n. A quay; wharf.

kha^ki, kd'kl. [Anglo-Ind.] I, a. Of the
color of dust or ashes. II, n. A light drab
or brownish cotton cloth used as for military

kha^lif, n. Same as calip.

kkani, kdn, n. An Eastern title of re-
spect, as for a sovereign or gentleman.

k]ian3,7i. An Oriental inn. [Egypt.

klied-lve^, ked-lv', n. The viceroy of

kick , kic. I\ vt. &vi. 1 . To strike with

or; flllt|9re(fntaie); aisle; au (out); ell; c (k); ckat; dk (the); go; sing, i^k; thiXL

Digitized byLjOOQlC



the foot; recoil, as a firearm. 2. [Colloq.]
To object; complain. II. n. 1. A blow
with the foot. 2. The recoil of a firearm.

kid, kid, n. A young goat, or leather made
from its skin.

kld'nap/'^ kid'nap', vt. [-napbd"* or


carry oflf (a person) from home or country.

kld^ney, kid'n§, n. A glandular organ
that secretes urine.

kill, kil, vt. To deprive of life, vigor,
efficiency, or usefulness; deaden.

kiln, kil, n. An oven or furnace for ba-
king industrial products; place for burning
bricks.— klln'sdry", vt. To drv in a kiln.

kiPo-vram, kil'o-lmer, kil'o-me"-
ter, kil'o-stere''. See Mktkio System,
in Appendix. [Scotch Highlanders.

kilt, Kilt, n. A short skirt, as of the

kin, kin, n. Relation; consanguinity;
relatives collectively.

kind, kaind, a. Gentle; tender; humane;
kindly.— kind'-heart"ed, a. Having a
kind spirit or disposition.— kind^ness, n.

kind, n. Sort; a class; species.

kln'der-gar^ten, kin'der-gdr'tn, n. A
play-school for little children.— kln'der-
garfner, n. A kindergarten teacher.

kln^dl(e, kin'dl, v. [kin'dl(e)d; kin'-
DLiNQ.] I. t. To set fire to; excite; in-
flame; illuminate. II. i. To take fire;
become excited.

kindly, kaind'll. I. a, [kind'li-er;
kind'li-bst.] 1 . Having or manifesting
kindness. 2. Favorable; beneficial. II.
adv. In a kind manner or spirit; con-

fenially.— kind^li-ness, n.
n^dred, kin'dred. I. a. Of a like
nature or charac-
ter; related; con- '^
genial; akin. II.
n. Relationship;
relatives collective

kinell, kdln, n. Plura

ki-ne'to-ffi'aph. kl-n
n6]-to-grgf, n. An ap
atus for taking person
things In motion for >

in a moving picture
chine. .

kins, king, n. The i i

ereign male ruler o »

kingdom; a leader- chief ; belted King-
head. — klng'sbolt", n. figher. V9
A vertical central bolt at-
tachlng the body of a vehicle to the fore
axle.— Itinff'doni, -dum, n. 1. The realm
ruled by a king or queen, ti. Nat. Hist. A
primary division of natural objects; as, the
animal, Wnflrdow.— kinir'fl8h"er, n. A bird

having a straight, deeply cleft bill, and to the
habit of diving for fish.— king'ly, klng'Il, a.
[kinq'li-eb: kinq'li-est.] Pertaining to or
worthy of a king; regal, kinir^liket*

kink, ki?k. I*, vt. & vi. To form kinks;
twist; tangle. II. n. An abrupt bend, twist,
loop, or tangle, as in a rope. — kink'y, a.

klns^folk^^ kinz'folk" w -fOk', n. pk
Relatives collectively; kindred; kin.—
kiu'^ship, n. Relationship; consanguinity.
— kins^man, n. fKixs'MEN, p/.] A blood
relation: relative.— kin8'woin"an, n.J'em.

kip, kip, n. Untanned calfskin.

kirk, kerk, n. [Scot.] Church.

klesS kis, v. 1. t. To touch with the
lips in salutation. II. i. To salute ma-
tually with the lips; touch gently; meet.

kiss, n. An affectionate salutation by con-
tact of the lips; a gentle touch.

kits kit, n. A tub, pail, or box for pack-
ing; an outfit, as of tools.

klt^, n. 1. A small violin. 2. A guitar.

kltcli'en, kich'en, n. A room for cook-
ing food.— kitch'ensgar'^den, n. A vep-
etable-garden.— kltch'en-ette, n. A small
kitchen. , ,., , . ,

kite, kait, n. 1 . A hawk-like bird hav-
ing long pointed wings and a forked tail.
2. A slender frame covered with light
fabric, to be flown in the air.

kltk, kith, n. One's friends: in the

fhrase kith and kin.
t^ten, kit'n, n. A young cat. [mania.

klep'^to-ma^ni-a, n. Same as clkpto-

knack, nac, n. The trick of dolngr a thing
readily and well; cleverness.

knap^sack^', nap'saC, n. A case
strapped across the shoulders, for carry-
ing light luggage, etc. [etc.

knarled, knar'ly, a. Same as qnabled,

knave, n6v, n. 1. A dishonest person;
rogue. 2. A playing-card. — kna'ver-y,
n. [-VER-IES*, p/.] Deceltfulness In dealing;
roguery.— kna'vish, a.— kna'vish-ly,
adv.— kna^vlsli-ness* n. [dough.

k nead^, ntd, vt. To mix and work, as

knee, nt, n. The joint between the thieh
and the leg in man; a like joint in other
animals, as the horse or cow — knee' cap".
n. The round movable bone covering the
knee In front, knee'pan'^t.

kneel, nil, t;i. [knelt, nelt, or knbeled;
kneel'ing.] To rest, as on the knees.

knel(l, nel. I. vt. & vi. [Poet.] To
sound as a knell; give a sad or warning
sound. II. n. The tolling of a bell to
announce a death.

knelt, imp. & pp. of kneel, r.

knew, imp. of know, v.

knlcfc'er-bock'^ers, nik'gr-bok'erz, n.
pi. Knee-breeches gathered at the knev

papd, gsk; at, air; elemgnt, thSy, ns^ge; It, j, i (ee); o, oh; erat^r, er; full, rOle; bnt.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



knick-knack^, nic'nac", n. A trinket;

knife, naif, n. [knives, naivz, pi.] A
blade, set in a handle, for cutting.

kniskt, nait. 1^» vt. To confer knight-
hood upon. II. n. 1 . Anciently, a gen-
tleman trained to arms; hence, a chani-
I)ion. a. [Gt. Brit.] The holder of a
title next below that of baronet. 3. A
chessman bearing a horse's head.— knight
errant, a knight who went forth to re-
dress wrongs or ser^- - -" — * ■ — ' -'- 1'-

hood, n. The c a

knight; knights c li-

nesSf n.— kniirl > a

knight; chlvalrout

knit, nit, vt. &vi )^;

knit'ting.] 1 . ar-

ment) by a sericE of

yamormread. 2 ly;

grow together.— 1 A

long, blunt needle, used Inlcnlttlng.

knives, n. Plural of ksjte.

knob, neb, n. A round projection; a
rounded handle, as of a door.

knock, nee. I^ vt. & vi. To strike;
rap, as on a door, for admittance. II. n.
A stroke; blow; rap.— knock'er, n.

knoll, nol, n. A small round hill; mound;

knot, net,vt. &vi. [knot'tbd'': knot'-
TiNG.] To tie in a knot; form knots or
joints, as in plants; gather in a knot

knot, n, 1. A fastening of a rope, cord,

or the like, by intertwining. 2. An orna-
mental bow. 3. A gnarled portion of a
tree-trunk, where a branch has grown out;
a joint in a stem, as of grasses. 4. A
nautical mile.— knot-ti-ness, n. — knot'ty,
a. [knot'ti-eb; knot'ti-est.] Marked by
knots; like a knot; difficult; intricate.

kno at, naut^ n. The official whip formerly
used for punishment in Russia.

knoiir,nO,t;. [knew, niQ; known; know'-
ING.] 1. 1. To be certain of or acquainted
with; recognize; understand. II. i. To
have or get knowledge.

knoiir-ing, no'ing, pa. Shrewd; done
consciously or on purpose.— kno w'ing-ly.

adv. 1, With knowledge. 3. Shrewdly; slyly.
knoiirredse, nel'§j, n. That which is
known ; information ; learning.

knuck'l(e,nuc'l, n. 1. One of the joints
of the fingers. 2. A joint of the knee, as
of a calf.

ko^alt. It. Same as cobalt.

ko^dak, ko'dak. n. A portable photo-
graphic camera for successive instantane-
ous negatives.

Ko-ran^, ko-rOn' or ko'ran, n. The
Mohammedan sacred scripture. '

koo'miss, n. Same as euhiss.

kraal, krOlj n. In Africa a village, or
group of native huts; also, a sheepfold, or
enclosure for cattle.

ko'^mlss, kQ'mis, n. Fermented milk,
nsed as a drink. kon^mlsK or -nijrsf;

I<, 1, el, n. [els, L's, or La, elz, pi."] The
twelfth letter in the English alphabet.

la. Id, n. Mus. The sixth tone of the scale.

la^bel, Ig'bel. I. vt. [la'bbled or la'-
BELiiED; la'bel-ing or la'bel-ling.] To
mark; designate. II. n. A marked slip,
as of paper, affixed to something to show
what or whose it is.

la'bl-al, Ig'biKil, I. a. Pertaining to the
lips. II. n. One of the letters p, 6, m,
/, V, or «;, formed by the lips.

l^'bor, IS'ber. 1. 1?^ & vi. To toil or cause
to toil; work; roll or pitch, as a ship at
sea. II. n. Phjrsical or mental exertion
for some end: toil; work.— la'bor-er, w.
One who lives by manual labor.— ia-bo'ri-

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