James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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2. Some of a number, class, or total. II.
pron. One or more out of a number. III. i
adv. Somewhat; in the least; at all.— an'-
y-bod''y, en'I-bed'I, profi. Any person
whatever.— an^y-how^, en'i-hau*. adv.
In any way whatever; by any means; how-
ever; notwithstanding.— an'y-tfa Ins* en'*
1-thIng, pron. A thingr of any sort; some-
thing or other.— an'y-way, en'I-w^, adv.
1 • No matter what happens: In any event.
2* At all events; anyhow. 3. In any man-
ner; to any degree or extent.— an ^ y -
^ivfaere« en'1-hwar, adv. In or at any place
whatever.— an^y-wlse, en'I-walz, adv. In
any manner; to any degree.

a-or^'ta, fi-Sr'ta, n. T-t^, -tt or -t€, pi.]
The great artery springing from the heart.

a-pace^, a-pSs', adv. Rapidly; fast.

a-part', a-pflrt', adv. Separately; aside;
by itself; asunder.

a-part^ment, a-pdrt'mgnt, n. A room
or suite of rooms.

ap'a-tliy, ap'a-thi, n. [-thibs", ja?.] Lack
of feeling; insensibility; indifference.

— ap^-thet'ic, ap'a-thet'Ic. a. With-
out feeling; unconcerned; Impassive, -alt.
- ap''a-thet^lc«al-ly« adv.

ape, gp. 1, vt. [aped^; A'piNO.] To imi-
tate absurily: mimic. II. n. An Old
World man-like monkey; also, any mon-
key; a mimic.

a-pe^ri-ent, a-pt'ri-^nt. I. a. Laxative.
II. n. A gently purgative remedy.

ap'er-ture, ap'er-chur or -tiiJr, n. An
opening; orifice; nole; cleft.

a^pex. e'pex, n. [a'pex-bs» or ap'i-ce8*,
ap'i-stz or ap'i-ces, pi.] The highest
point; tip; top.

aplft-e'11-on, af-t'li-gn, n. [-li-a, -li-a,
2)1.] The point in an orbit, as of a planet,
farthest from the sun.

a^plils, d'fls or g'fis, n. [aph'i-des, aM-
dtz, pi.] A plantolouse. apb^ldt-

apit^o-risin, af'o-rizm, n. A proverb;
maxim.— aph"o-ri»'tIc, a. -al$.

a'pt-a-ry, §' [or g']pi-€-ri, n. [-rie8«, pi.]
A place where bees are kept; also, a set
of hives, bees, and appliances.— a'pi-cul^-
ture, n. Bee-keeping.

a-plece', a-pts', adv. For each person or
thing; to each one; each.

a^plsli, g'pish, a. Like an ape; servilely
imitative; foolish; tricky.— a'plsh - ly,
adr.— a'plsh-ness, n.

a-poc'a-lypfi(e, a-poc'a-lipe, ??. 1. A
revelation. 2. [A-] Revelation, the last

papfi, ask; at, air; el^m^nt, they, us^ge; it, j, i (ee); o, oh; erat^r, or; full, rale; bat,

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book of the Bible.— a-poc^a-lyp'tic, a,

a-poc^o-pe, a-pec'o-p§, n. A cutting off
of the last letter or syllable of a word.

A-poc^ry-pha, a-pec'ri-fa, n. sing. &
jH. Books of disputed authority, included
by some in the Old Testament Scriptures.
— A-poc^ry-phal, a. 1. Pertaining to
the Apocrypha. 2. [a-] Of doubtful authen-
ticity; spurloua.

ap'o-gee, ap'o-jt, n. That point of the
moon's orbit farthest from the earth.

a-poFo-glze, -gise, a-pol'o-jaiz, vi.
[^gizbh; -gi'zingJ To offer an apology or
excuse.— a-pol^o-get^lc, a-pel'o-jef'
~ Of the nature of an apology, a-
i-aU. II. n. An apology
- a-pol^o-irlstf Q-per o-Jl8t, n. One


fense.— a-poPo-irlL_, -^ . , -

who argues In defense of any person or

cause ; a defender.
ap^o-los(ae, ap'o-l6g, n. A fable.
SL'poVo'gj, a-pel'o-ji, n. [-oie8«, pi.]

1 . An acknowledgment of error; excuse.

2. A justification or defense: the original
meaning. 3. A poor substitute.

ap^o-phtnegnit n. SeeAPOTHXOM.
ap^o-plex-y, ap'o-plex-i, n. Sudden loss
of sensation and motion; a stroke of par-
alysis.— ap^'o-plcc'tlc, ap'o-plec'tic, a.
Pertaining to, affected with, or tending to-
ward apoplexy. -al:t«
a-pos'ta-ST, a-pes'ta-si, n. [-8ie9«, pi.]
Desertion or one^s faith or principles.

— a-pos^tate, a-pee'tet or -tgt. I, a.
Guilty of apoBtasy; false. II. a-pes'tet, n.
One who apostatizes.— a-pos'ta-tize. vi.
[•tizsd; -ti'zing.] To forsake one's faith
or principles.

a-pos^tl(e, a-pes'l, n. 1. One of the
twelve chosen by Christ to proclaim his
gospel {Matt, x, 2-4). 2. Any zealous
advocate of a cause.— a-po8^tl(e-8hip, n.
a-pofi/tol-atel:.— ap^os«toFiCt ap''«
os-tol^lc-al, ap'es-tel'ic, -oL a.

a-po8^tro-piiei, a-pes'tro-fi^, n. A sym-
bol (') above the line, to mark omission.

a-pos'tro-phe>, n. An address to an
absent person, an attribute, etc.— a-pos'-
tro-pfaizef vt. & vi. To address by o' In
a rhetorical apostrophe; utter an apostrophe.

a-poth'e-ca-ry,a-peth'§-kfi-ri,w. [-RIES',
pi.] One who sells and compounds drugs ;
a druggist.

ap^o-thegm, ap'o-them, n. A terse,
practical saying; a sententious maxim.

ap^'o-tlic/o-8lS) ap'o-tht'o-sis, n. [-ses,
j)l.] Exaltation to divine honors; deifica-

ap-pal', » ftP-pSl't vt. [ap-palled'; ap-

ap-palP. fPAL'LiNG.] To fill with hor-
ror; terrify; shock.

ap^pa-ra^tus, ap'a-rfi'tuB or -rg'tus, n.
[-TUS or (rarely) -tus-es, pi.] A complex
machine, or a set of tools, etc.

ap-par^el, j^p-par'el. 1. vt. [-eled or
-elled; -el-ing or -el-lino.] To clothe.
II. n. Raiment; clothing.

ap-par'eiit, ap-pftr'gnt, a. 1. Evident;
obvious; visible. 2. Seeming, not neces-
sarily real or true.- ap-par'ent-ly, adv.

ap^^pa-ri^tion, ap'a-rii8h''un, n. A spec-
ter; fantom.

ap-peal^, ^p-ptl'. I. vt. &vi. 1. To be-
seech; entreat; awaken response or sym-
pathy: followed by to, 2. To take (a
cause) to a higher court. II. n. 1. An
earnest request; entreaty. 2. A resort to
a higher authority, as for sanction or aid.
— ap-peal'a-bl(e, a.

ap-pear't ^p-ptr', vi. 1. To come into
view; become visible. 2. To seem, or
seem likely.

ap-pear^ance, ftp-ptr'ans, n. An appear-
ing; that which appears; aspect; sem
blance; indication; advent; publication.

ap-pease^, dPHPtz', vt. [ap-peased'; ap-
PEAS'iNG.] To soothe; pacify; calm;
still ; allav.— ap - peas^a - Dl(e, a.— ap-

peas^a-bly, adv.

ap-pel'lant, ap-pel'ant, n. One who ap-
peals.— ap-pelOate^ap-pel'et or -0t, a. Per-
taining to or having Jurisdiction of appeals.

ap^pel-Ia^tion, ap'el-lS'shnn, n. A
name or title: the act of calling or na-
ming.— ap-perla-tiv(e, ftp-pel'a-tiv. 1. a.
Serving to designate or name, as common
nouns. II. n. A title; appellation; a com-
mon noun, -iy, adv. -ness* n.

ap-pend'<*, gp-pend', vt. To add or attach
(something subordinate).— ap-pend'age,
§p-pend'§J, n. A subordinate addition or

ap-pen^dl-cest n. A plural of appendix.

ap-pen^dlx, ftp-pen'dix, n. [-dix-es,
-dlx-ez, or -si-ces, -di-stz, pi.] 1. An ad-
dition or appendage, as at the end of a
book. 2. A small intestinal organ.

ap^per-taln^ ap'gr-t6n', vi. To belong;
relate: with to.

ap^pe-tence, |ap'§-tgns, -tfin-si, n.

apnP«-ten-cy, f [-ten-ce9«, -ten-cies«,
pC] Strong craving; appetite; propensity;

ap'pe-tite, ap'©-tait, n. A physical cra-
ving, as for food ; a mental craving; lonfi;ing.
— ap^pe-tlze* vt. [tizkd, -ti^inqJ To
give an appetite.— ap'pe-ti^'zer, n.
Anything that excites appetite or gives rel-
ish. ap/pe-tF^sert. — ap'pe-ti''zlngf
pa. Giving relish; tempting.

ap-plaud'«»,.ftp-plSd', r<. & ri. To ex-

Or; flOt|are (future); aisle; au (out); oil; s (k); cliat; dli (the); go; siiiK, i^k; lliin.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



press approval, as by clapping the hands;

commend; praise.— ap-pfaum , „. .
n. The act of applauding; acclamation; ap-
proval.— ap-plau8^iir(e» a. Expressing
applause, -ly, adv.

ap^ple, an'lf n. The fruit of a tree of the
rose family, or the tree that bears it.

—apple of the eye, the pupil or the eye-
ball; something precious.

ap-pll^ance, ^p-plai'ans, n. The act of
applying; a device; tool; instrument.

ap^pll-ea'tlon, ap'li-kg'shun, n. 1,
The act of applying: appropriation. 2.
That which is applied; a remedy. 3. A
request. 4. Close and continuous atten-
tion.— ap'-'pll-ea-bll'l-ty, n. f-TiBS', pi.]
Sultabillty;ntne88. ap^pli-ca-bl(e-nes8^.
— ap^pli-ca-bKe* ap^ll-ca-bl, a. That may
be applied; suitable for application; relevant;
fitting.— ap ^ pli - ca - biy, adr.— ap^pli-
caut* n. One who applies; a candidate.

ap-ply', ftp-plai', v. [ap-plied'; ap-plt'-
ING.] I. /. 1. To put or place (to); de-
vote; attach: refer; test. 2. To give
wholly (to); devote (oneself), as to study.
II. i. 1 . To make request; ask; petition.
2. To have reference.

ap-polnt'<*, ftp-peint', vt. & vi. 1. To
name; designate; assign; conmiand; pre-
scribe. 2. To fit out; equip; furnish.
— ap-point^ed, a. Designated; equipped.

— ap-polIlt-ee^ n. One who Is appointed.

— ap-point^er, n. One who appoints.—
ap-point^ment, n. An appointing or be-
ing appointed; position; service; station; of-
fice; an agreement, as for meeting at a given
time; an engagement; stipulation; equipment.

ap-poi^tlon, ftp-por'shun, vt. To divide
proportionally; allot, -ment, n.

»P'po-8lte, ap'o-zit, a. Well adapted;
appropriate; apt. -iy, (idv. -ness, n.

ap'^po-sl'tlontap'o-zish'un, n. 1 . Gram.
The relation between nouns in the same
subject or predicate and in the same case.
2. A placing or being in immediate con-
nection; application.

ap-pralse', ap-pr§z', vt. [ap-praised';
AP-PRAis'iNG.] To put a value on official-
ly; value.— ap.praifl^al, n. An apprais-
ing; official valuation, ap-praise^inentt.

— ap-prais^er, n.
ap-pre'cl-ate,ftp-prt'8hi-gt,t;^. &i?i. [-a'-

TBD«»; -A'TiNG.] 1. To estccm adequately;
perceive distinctly. 2. To raise or rise
in value. 3. To estimate.— ap-pre'ci-
a-bl(e« jp-prt'shl-a-bl, a. That may be
appreciated; perceptible. — ap-pre^ci-a-
bly, adv.— ap-pre'^cl-a^tlon, gp-prl'shl-
e'shun, n. An appreciating; true estima-
tion; recognition; Increase in value.
ap'^pre-hiend''*, ap'rg-hend', v. J, t. 1 .

To grasp mentally; perceive. 2. To have
an impression of. 3. To expect with an^
ious foreboding. 4. To arrest; seize. II.
i. 1. To suppose; surmise; conjecture.
2. To look forward with foreboding. 3.
To perceive. — ap'' pre -hen 'si -51(6, a.
Capable of being apprehended.— ap^pre-
heu^sionf n. 1. Anxious foreboding. "Z*
Idea; opinion; perception. 3« Legal arrest. j
— ap'-'pre-hen'sive, a. 1. Antlclpative
of evil; anxious; fearful. 3. Quick to appre-
hend: sensitive; conscious.

ap - pren ^ tlce, ftp -pren 'tis. I. vt.
L-TiCBD^ ; -Ti-oiNG.] To bind as an appren-
tice. II. n. One who is bound to sei-ve
another in order to learn a trade; a learner;
beginner.— ap-pren^tlce-riiip, n.

ap-prise'. Jftp-praiz', vt. [ap-prised',

ap-prize^, j ap-prized'; ap-pri'sing, ap-
PRi'ziNG.] To notify; advise; inform.

ap-proach^, ftp-proch'. I*, vt. & vi. To
come or cause to come near or nearer (to);
make advances (to). 11, n. 1. The act
of approaching; a coming nearer. 2.
Nearness; approximation. 3. Opportu-
nity, means, or way of approaching.
— ap-nroach^a-bl(e, a. -nesa, n.

ap^pro-Da^tlon, ap'ro-bS'shun, n. The
act of approving; approval; commenda-

ap-pro'pri-ate, ftp-prO'pri-^t. I. vt.
L-A'TED*; -A'TING.] 1 . To Set apart for a
particular use; assign. 2. To take for
one's own use; make use of. II. a. Suit-
able for the person, circumstance, place,
etc. -Iy, adv. -ness, n. — ap-pro'^prl-
a'tlon, ftp-pr0"prl-6'8hun, n. An appropri-
ating or something appropriated.

ap-pro ve^4 ftp-prfiv', v. [ap-proved' ; ap-
PROv'iNG.] 1, t. 1. To regard as worthy;
commend; sanction. 2. To show (oneself )
worthy. 3B. To prove by trial; test. II.
i. To think with favor: often with qf.

— ap-prov'a-bl(e, o. Worthy of ap-
proval.— ap-prov^ at, n. Approbation;
sanction; commendation.— ap-proT^ing-
ly, adv. In an approving manner.

ap-prox^t-niate, ftp-prex'i-m§t,». [-m a'-
TED«>; -MA'TiNG.] I. vt. & vi. To ap-
proach or cause to approach closely with-
out exact coincidence. II. ftp-prex'i-met
or -mft, a. Nearly but not exactly ac-
curate or complete; near. — ap-prox'l-
mate - Iy, adv. Nearly; about — ap -
prox^'i-ma^tion, n. The act of approxi-
mating; an approximate result.— ap-prox'-
i-nia-tlT(e« a. Obtained by or Involving
approximation; approximate. -Iy, adv.

ap-pur^te-nanee, ftp-pur't§ nans, n.
An accessory or adjunct — ap-puKte-nant,
|P-pOr't§-nant, a. Appertaining; accessory.

papfi, 9fik; at, air; elfm^nt, th6y, usf ge; it, g, i (ee); o, oh; orator, or; full, rllle; but.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



a^prl-cot, §'pri-cot, n. A plum-like fruit,
or the tree that yields it. ' ^"^

A'prll,§'pril,n. The fourth

a^pron, §'prun or S'purn,
n. A covermg f or the f ront
of a person's clothes; a cov-
ering on the front of a

pium-iiKe rruit,

a'^pro-pofi/, g"pro-pO'.

I. a. Pertinent;

opportune. If. adv. 1. Pertinently;

appropriately. 2. By the way.— apropos

of, with reference to; as suggested by.
apt, apt, a. 1. Tending; liable; likely.

a. Quick to learn; skilful. 3. Pertinent;

apposite; pat.— apt'ly, adv.^ apt'ness, n.

apt^i-tude, apt'i-tiQd, n. 1 . Adaptation :

Dent; tendency; fitness. 2. Quickness of

onderstanding; readiness; aptness.

EL^gua, €'cwa or g'cwa, «. "water.— a'ana
for^tis, nitric acid.— a. Ti'tw, distilled

a-qna^rl-nm, a-cwS'ri-um or -cwg'ri-
um, n. [-Ri-UMS or -ri-a, pi.] A tank or
building for aquatic animals or plants.

a-qnat^c, a-cwat'ic. I. a. Pertaining
to, living in, or adapted to the water. II,
n. An aquatic animal or plant.

aq^ue-duct, ac'wg-dnct, n. A pipe or
channel for supplying water from a dis-

a^qne-ons, §'[or g']cwe-u8, a. Pertain-
ing to or containing water; watery.

aq['iil-lln(e, ac'wi-lin. a. Of or like an
essle or an eagle's beak: curving; hooked.

Ar^b, ar'ftb, n. 1 . An Arabian, or an Ara-
bian horse. 2. [a-] A homeless street
wanderer. — ar^a-besque', ar'a-besk', n.
Art. Fanciful grouping of animal- and plant-
forms, or flat ornamentation employing the
Interlaced lines of Arabian arcnltecture.—
ar^a-besque^ a.— A-ra'bi-an, a-r6'bl-
an. I. a. Of or pertaining to Arabia or Its
Inhabitants. 1 1 , w. A native or naturalized
Inhabitant of Arabia.— A r'a-bic, ar'a-blc.
I. a. Arabian. II. n. The language of the
Arabians.— Arabic fiffures, the numerals
1, 2, 8, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0.

ar'a-Dl(e, ar'a-bl, a. Capable of being
plowed or cultivated.

arbl-ter, flr'bi-tgr, n. An arbitrator or
umpire; a final judge. — ar-btt'ra-ment,
Qr-blt'ra-ment, n. Decision by an arbiter.

ar'bl-tra-ry, ar'bi-tre-ri, a. Fixed, made,
or done capriciously; aosolute; despotic.
— ar'bi-tra-rl-ly, adv.

arOil-trate, Gr'bi-trgt, vt. & vi. [-tra'-
TED<*; -TRA'TiNG.] To dccldc as arbitrator;
settle by arbitration. — ar'^'bl-tra'tlon, flr"-
bl-trS'snun, n. The settling of a controversy

by an arbitrator or arbitrators. — ar'bi-
tra'^tor, flr'bl-trS't^r, n. A person chosen
by agreement of parties to decide a dispute
between them; an arbiter.

ar'bori, Qr^bgr, n. 1. A spindle or axle.
2. Bot. A tree.— ar-bo're-al, a. Pertain-
ing to a tree or trees; living or situated
among trees. — ar'^o-res^cent, a. Tree*
like; branching.

ar'bor^, w. A vine-clad bower; a shaded
walk or nook.

ar-bn'tus, Gr-biQ'tus, n. The Mayflower.

arc, Grc, n. Part of the circumference of
a curcle; a bow; an arch.

ar-cade^, Clr-k§d', n. A vaulted passage-
way or roofed street; a range of arches.

Ar-ca'di-an, ar-k§'[or-cg']di-an,a. Per-
taining to Arcadia; rural; pastoral.

ar-ca^nunif dr-k€'nxmi or -cg'num, n. [ab-
CA'NA, pi.] An inner secret or mystery.

arcbS Orch, vt. & vi. To form into an
arch; form, an arch; curve; span with an
arch or arches.

arcb, a. 1. Innocently cunning; roguish;
playfully sly; coy. 2. Chief.

— arch'ly, ad». — arch'ness, n.
arc It , n. 1 . A bow-like curve, structure, or

object. 2. Arch.

A curved structure

supported at the

sides or ends onlj, 1

and formed of dis-
tinct pieces fitted

together to span

an opening.
ar^chfe-oFo-gy, •

etc. See abchbol-

OQY. etc.
ar-cna^lc, flr-k§'. \

ic, a. Belonging j

to a former period; *

going out of use; R^und Arch.

arcli''aii'gel, flrk'gn'jel, n. An angel

of highest rank.
arcli^t8h'op, flrch'bish'up, n. The

chief bishop of a province.

— arch"bi8h'op-ric, n. The office and
Jurisdiction of an archbishop.

arcli'^dea'coii, Grch'di'cn, n. A high
official in a diocese.— aroh^dea'con-afe,
arch"dea'con-ry, n. [-ries«, p^] The
office or Jurisdiction of an archdeacon.

ar^'cbe-ol^o-gy, I Qr"k§-6l'o-ji, n.
"chae-ol'o-gy, f [-GIE8S ;>^.J The

science or study

of h

cs and

remains of antiquity.— ar''che-o-log'ic,
ar^'che-o-loff^ic-al, Gr'k§o-leJ'Ic, -al, a.
Pertaining to archeology.— ar'^'cne-oro-

gist, n. One skilled In archeology.
arcb^er, Qrch'er, n. One who uses the

vr; fmtlt^e (future); cdsle; an (out); ell; c (k); chat; db (the); go; sing, i^k; tliin.

Digitized by vaOOQlC



bow and arrow.— arch'er-y, (Irch'er-i, n.

tiES", pi.] 1. The art of Bhooting wltb the
Dw. »^. Archere collectively.
ar'che-type, ar'kg-taip, n. A primitive

or standara pattern; a model.— ar'che-
ty'^pal, a.— ar'^'che-typ'ic or -ic-al, o.
ir*chl-pePa-go, ar"ki-pel'a-eO. n.
r-GOE8« or -oo8», »;.] A sea studded with
^- ' ■' islai^ - " '■

islands, or the islands collectively.— ar'>'.
chi-pe-laK^ic« a.

ar'clil-tect, ar'ki-tect, n. One who plans
buildings, etc., and directs their construc-
tion.— ai^chl-tec^'lure, ar'ki-tec'chnr or
-tltJr, n. 1. The science and art of design-
ing and constructing buildings. i2. A style
ofbulldlng. 3. Bufldlngs, etc., collectively.
— ar*'chf-tec'tur-al, a.

ar'cliive, Gr'caiv, n. 1. A depository
for public documents: used mostly in the
plural. 2. A public document or record.

arch'iiray'', <lrch'w6*, n. An arched

arc'tic, (Irc'tic. I. a. Pertaining to the
north pole; far northern; cold; frigid. II.
n. The arctic circle or regions.

ar^dent, flr'dent, a. Vehement; passion-
ate; intense; also, hot; burning, -ly, adv.
-nesH« n.— aWoen-cy, flr'agnsl, n. In-
tensity; warmth; eagerness.

ai^dor, Or'der, n. Warmth; intensity;
eagerness; venemence; zeal, ar'dourt.

ai^du-ous, Or'diu-us, a. 1. Laborious;
difficult. 2, Steep and lofty.— arMu-ous-
ly, adv.— arMu-ons-nesB, n. [be, v.

are, Or, Ist, M, & Sdper. pi. pres. ind. of

Are, fir, n. A land •measure = 119.88 sq. yards.
See Metbic System, In Appendix.

a^re-a, g'rg-a, n. 1 . An open space; a
tract. 2. Extent of surface. 3. A small
sunken basement'court.

a-re^na, a-rt'na, n. The space for con-
testants in a Roman amphitheater; sphere
of action or contest.

ar^sent, dr'jent, a. Like or made of
silver; white; Bilvery.— ar''gen-tlPer-ou»,
flr'Jen-tIf'§r-U8, a. Silver-bearing.

ar^gll-la'ceo ii s, flr' ji-lg'shius, a. Con-
taining, consisting of, or like clay; clayey.

ar^@:o-naiit, Or'go-nSt, n. 1, One of

the legendary seekers for the golden fleece:

hence, a gold-seeker. 2. A cuttlefish with

papery shell. Called also paper'nautUus.

ar'go-sy, Gr'go-si, n. [-8iks«, pl.'\ A

large, richly laden ship. ^ ,
ar^sue, flr'gia, vt. & vi. [ar'gued; ar'-
GU-iNG.] To reason; debate; discuss; in-
fluence by argument; prove; show; imply.
ar'gu-iiieiit, flr'giu-ment, n. 1. A rea-
son or conrseof reasoning: demonstration;
debate; discussion. 2. The plot or gist

of a work; a summary.— ar^gu-men-ta'-
tion, n. Debate; argument. — ar'^ifu-
inen'ta-tiT(e, a. Pertaining to, consist-
ing of, or marked by argument; given to
argumentation. . ,

ar'ld, ar'id, a. Parched; dry: barren.
-a-rld'i-ty,n. [-ties«,»].] The state
"elngarld. ar^ld-nessit.

or quality of being arid, ar'id^iiefst.

a-riehr, a-rait', a. & adv. Rightly.

a-rise^, a-raiz', vi. [arose', a-rOz';
A-Ris'EN, a-riz'n; a-ri'sing.] To spring
forth; appear; Issue; originate; rise; as-
cend. ,

ar^'ls-toc'ra-ey, ar'is-tec'ra-si, n,
[-ciES», pl^ A hereditary nobility, or gov-
ernment by such a nobility.— ar-la'to-
crat, ar-ls'to-crat, n. A member of an ar-
istocracy; a proud and exclusive person.—
ar"l8-to-ci-at'ic, a. Pertaining to arte-
tocracy; haughty; exclusive. -aU.

a-rith^me-tic, a-rith'me-tic, n. The
science of numbers, or a treatise upon it.

-ar'^ith-met^ic-al, a.- a-^thfine-
trcian, a-rith'mg-tlsh'an, n. One skilled
In arithmetic. «x ««. t^' *

ark, drk, n. 1, ScHpt. 0) The ship of
Noah (Gen. vi, 14-28). (2) The chest con-
taining the tables of the law (£5r. xxy, 10,
etc.). (3) The papyrus cradle of Moees
(^a. ii,8). 2. Any sacred repository, 3.
A flat-bottomed freight-boat.

arm, arm, vt. & vi. To provide with arms
or armor; equip; fortify; nave or take arms.

armi, n. Tne upper limb of the human
body; an arm-like part or branch.— arm'-
pit*. n. The cavity under the arm.

arm^. n. 1 . A weapon. 2. A branch of
the military service.

ar-ma^da, Gr-me'da or -mG'da, n, A
fleet of war* vessels.

ar'^ma-dll'lo, flr'ma-dil'O, n. Ac Amer-
ican mammal with
armor-like cover-

ar'ma-ment, dr'-
ma-m^nt, n. A land
or naval force : the
guns and munitions . _,,,,
of a fort or vessel. Armadillo. ._,,

ar^ma-ture. Or'- \^ ^ r^^ ^

ma-chur or -tiur, n. ®' ** "***•
A piece of soft Iron or wire-wound metal
joining or rotating near the poles of a mag-
arm^ful, flrm'ful, n. That which is held,

or can be held, in the arm or arms.
ar^mls-ttce, dr'mis-tis, n. MU. A sus-
pension of hostilities; a truce,
arm'let, flrm'let, n. A little arm; a band
or armor for the arm.

papd, gsk; at, air; element, th6y,us|ge; It, g, I (ee); o, oh; erat^r, er; full, rfUe; but,

Digitized byLjOOQlC



ar^mor, dlr'inur, n. A defensive covering,
as of mail for a warrior, or of metallic
plates for a vsrar'Vessel, a diver's salt, etc.
— ar'mor-er, flr'mur-§r, n. A. maker,
repairer, or custodian of arms or armor.
— ar«mo^ri-al« flr-mO'ri-al,a. Pertaining
to heraldry or heraldic arms.— ar^mo-rTf
dr'mn-ri, n. [-biess, p/.] A place for the
storing of arms, the assembling of troop8,etc.

ar^mouVf etc. Same as abmob, etc.

arms, armz, n.j)l. 1 . Weapons of offense,
collectively. 3. The military service. 3.
Armorial bearings.

ar^my, flr'mi, n. [ar'mies*, »;.] A large
organized body of men armed for military
service on land.

ar^nl-ca, dr'ni-ca, n. A plant of the aster
family, or a tinctnre prepfved from it

a-ro^ma, a-ro'ma, n. [-mas* or -ma-ta,
-md-tO,^.] Fragrance, as from plants;
^reeable odor.— ar^o- mafic. 1. a.
Fragrant; spicy. II. n. An aromatic

a-ro8e^» a-rOz', imp. of abisx, v.

a-roand^ a-raund'. I. adv. 1. So as
to encompass; in various directions; in the
opposite direction; about. 2. From place
to place; here and there. II. prep. On
all or various sides of; about.

a-rouse', a-rauz', vt. [a-rottsed'; a-
BOus'iNG.] To awaken; excite; animate;
rouse.— a-roua'al, n. An arousing; awa-

ar-ralsn^ 9r-r6n', vt. To accuse formally
before a court; accnse.— ar«ralgn^ment,
n. The act of arraigning ; accusation.

ar-ranee/, ftr-rfin j'. vt. & vi. [ar-ranobd' ;
AB-RAiTGiNQ.] TO put in Order; agree
upon, as a plan; adjust; adapt; prepare;
settle.— ar-range'ment, n. An arran-
ging, or that which Is arranged; disposition;
order; preparation; plan; settlement; ad-

ar^rant, ar'ant, a. Notoriously bad ; un-

ar^rast ar'as, n. Tapestry.

ar-ray^ ftr-rfi'. I. vt. 1. To marshal;
set in order. 2. To clothe; dress. II. n.
1. Regular or proper order; arrangement,
as for battle; a military force. 2« Cloth-
ing; dress.

ar-rear', ftr-rTr', n. A part, as of a debt,
overdue and unpaid: commonly in the
plural. — af-rear'age, ftr-rlr'gj, n. Arrears.

ar-rest^, ftr-rest'. I«». vt. 1. To stop
suddenly; check; fix. 2. To take into
custody. II. n. An arresting; a stop,
check, or stay; seizure by legalauthority.

ar-rlve', ar-ralv', vi. Far-bivbd'; ar-ri'-
TiNO.] To come to a destination, conclu-

Indlan Arrow-heads.

sion, or result; come: followed by orf.—ar-
ri'vaj, gr-rol'vol, n. An arriving, or that
which arrives.

ar^ro-gant, ar'o-gant, a. Having or show-
ing excessive pride; supercilious; over-
bearing; haughty. — ar^ro-gance. ar'o-
gans, n. The being arrogant; haughtiness.
<— ar^ro-gant-ly, adv.

ar^ro-sate, ar'o-g€t, vt. F-ga'ted* ; -ga'-
TiNG.j To take, demand, or claim un-
reasonably; assume; usurp.— ar^ro-ga'-
tion, ar'o-g^'shnn, n. The act of arrogating;
unwarrantable as-

ar^roiir,ar'0,n. A
slender shaft with
pointed head, to be /
shot from a bow.

— ar'roi»r-y,
ar'5-1, a. Like an
arrow; swift; sharp;

ar'O-rllt', n. A nutritious starch from a
tropical American plant; also, the plant.

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