James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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trous. II. n. A worshiper of false gods;
a heathen; idolater. — pa^gan-isin. n.

page. p6j,v^. [paged; pa'oinq.] To num-
ber the pages of (a book).

pa^e*, n. A male attendant, usually a lad.

page^, n. One side of a leaf, as of a book.

pae'eant, paj'ant, n. 1. An imposing
exhibition. 2. A theatrical spectacle.
— pajr'eant-ry, n.

pa-gfo^da, pa-go'da, n. A sacred Oriental
tower, profusely adorned.

paid, ped, imp. &pp. of pay, vt.

pall, pfil, n. A vessel for carrying liquids,
etc., properly having a bail.— palPful, n.


pain, pdn. l.vt. To hurt; distress. II.
n. 1. Any distressful feeling; suffering.
2. pi. Care, trouble, or exertion. 3. Pun-
ishment; penalty.— painTul, a. 1 . Giving
pain; distressing. 9. Requiring care; ardu-
ous, -ly, adv. -ness, n.— pain'less, a.
Free from pain; causing no pain, -ly, adv.
-ness, n.— pains^ta^king. I. a. Ta-
king pains. II. n. Diligent and careful en-

painty pent, l.vt.&ti. To apply paint
to: color; make (a picture or pictures) in
colors. II. n. A coloring substance to be
applied to any surface.

palnt'eri, p§nt'gr, n. One who paints.

palnt^er^, n. A rope for mooring a boat.

palnt'lne. pdnVing, n. The act or art
of using paints; a pamted picture.

pair, pftr. I. vt. & vi. To mate; match.
II. n. 1. Two persons or things of a
kind associated: a couple; brace. 2. A
single thing having two like or correspond-
ent parts.

pa-Ja^mas, pa-ja'moz, n. pi. Loose
trousers, especially for night-wear.


77- 1 1>

Original Native Palanquin
of Hindustan.

paFace, paPgs, n. A royal resideiice; any

stately building.

paFa-dIn, paTa-din, n. A peer of Char-
lemagne; a paragon of knighthood.

pal^an-quln^, pal"an-ktn', n. An Orien-
tal conveyance
borne on the
shoulders of
men by poles.
p a 1 ^ a u -

palmate, pal'§t,
n. The roof of
the mouth;
taste; relish.

— pal'a-ta-bl(e, a. 1. Pleasing to the
taste; acceptable.— pal'a-tal. I. a. Per-
taining to or produced by the palate. II. n.
A palatal bone or sound.

pa-la'tlal, pa-l§'shal, a. Of, like, or be-
fitting a palace; magnificent.

pa-la'ver, pa-ld'vfir. l.vl.&vi. To flat-
ter; cajole; talk idly. II. n. Empty talk,
especiallv flattery. [close with pales.

pale* , pel, t;^ mpalkd; pa'lino.] Toen-

pale^, vt. & vi. To make or turn pale.

pale, a. Of a whitish appearance; of a
light shade; pallid, -ness, n.

pale, n. A pointed stick; a fence-stake ;
paling; boundary; enclosure.

pa^'^le-on-tol'o-gy, pe"le-©n-tel'p-ji or
"" or " ' * '


The branch of biology that

treats of fossils, pa'^lae-o n-tol^o-syt*

pallet te, pallet, n. A thin tablet with a

hole for the thumb, for holding an

artist's colors in painting.
pal'frev, pSl'fri, n.

A gentle, easy sad- |

dle«horse, as for a

pa'llne, pd'ling, n.

A picket; a picket-

pal'^^l-sade^, pal'i- An Artists' Palette
8§d'. I. vt. F-ba'- as held, showing
DEDd; -BA'DINQ.J To methods of grasp-

fence of strong timbers set in the ground.

pall, pdl, vt. & vi. To make or become
insipid; cloy; satiate.

pall, n. A cloth thrown over a coffin or a
tomb.— pall'jbear'^er, n. One who at-
tends a coffin at a funeral.

paFlefi, pal'et, n. A tool, as for mixing
clay, or for gilding; a detent of an escape-
ment; a painters' palette (see illus. under

pal'let^^ n. A bed of straw.

Or; flAtl^re (future); aisle; au (out); •li; c (k); cliat; dli ithe); so; ainff, iqik; thin.

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pal'll-ate, pal'i-§t, vL [-a"tkd«*; -a'ting.]
To extenuate; mitigate.— pal"li-a'tion, n.
Alleviation: mitigation.— pal'li-a-tiT(e.

1. a. Tending to palliate. 11. n. That
which serves to palliate.

paFlId, pal'id, a. Pale; wan; feeble in
color.— pal'lor, pal'§r, n. The state of
being pale or pallid. „ ^.^ . ^^ ^ ,

palm, pflm, vt. 1. To hide in the hand.

2. To impose fraudulently: withQ^.
palmi, n, i . The hollow inner surface of

the hand. 2. The breadth or the length
of the hand. 3. That which covers the
jMOrn.— pai'mate, paPma'-'tcd, a. 1. Re-

Palmate Leaves.
1. Palmately parted leaf. 2. Palmately lobed leaf.

sembling an open hand, with the fingers
spread. 2. Web-footed.

palm^, n. 1. A tropical tree or shrub
having very large leaves. 2. A branch of
the palm, as a symbol of victory or joy;
hence, supremacy.— palm'er, n. A me-
dieval pilgrim who had visited Palestine and
brought back a palm branch.— palm^y, a.
1 . Marked by prosperity or triumph. *J. Of or
pertalnlnsf to the palm; abounding m palms.

pal-met'to, pal-met'O, n. A fan-palm,
as of the southern U. S.

pal'pa-bl(e, pal'pa-bl, a. That may be
touched or felt; manifest, -bly, adv.

pal'pl-tate, pal'pi-tet, vi. [-TA"TEiy>;
-TA'TiNG.l To beat quickly; flutter.

— paKpl-ta'tion, n. Rapid and Irreg-
ular pulsation.

paPsy, pSl'zi. I. vt. [pal'sikd; pal'sy-
iNG.l To paralyze. II. n. Paralysis; in-
efiiciency; apathy.— paF9led,/>a. Paralytic.

pal'ter, pSl'tgr, vi. To trifle; equivocate.

— pal'try, psrtrl.a. Trifling; worthless.
— pal^rl-ness, n.

pam'pas, pam'paz, n. pi. The great
treeless plains south of the Amazon.

pam'per, pam'pgr, vt. To feed with rich
food; indulge excessively.

pam'plilet, pam'flet, n. A printed work
stitched or pasted, but not bound; a brief
treatise or essay.— pam'-'phlet-eer', n.
One who writes pamphlets.

pan, pan, n. A wide shallow vessel, as
for cooking. ^^

pan^a-ce'a, pan'a-sl'a or -c§'<i, n. A

pretended universal remedy.
pan'cake'^, pan'kgk', n. A thin batter-

pan^de-mo'iil-uin, ) pan"d§-mO'ni-
pan'^d8e-Ino'nl•uln, Tum, n. The in-
fernal regions; a noisy and disorderly

pan'der, pan'dgr. I. vi. To minister
to the gratification of passions or preju-
dices of others. II. n. One who minis-
ters to the vicious desires of others.

pane, p6n, n. A piece or plate, as of

pan''e-gyr'ic, pan"§-jir'ic, n. A formal
public eulogy; encomium; laudation.

pan'el, pan'el. I. vt. ■ [pan'eled or


To form or divide into panels; decorate
with panels. II. n. 1. A rectangalar

{)iece inserted, as in a door. 2. An official
ist of persons summoned for jury-duty.

pang, pang, n. A sudden and poignant
pain; a throe of anguish.

pan'lc, pan'ic, n. A sudden, causeless,
overpowering fear, as of a surprised army.

pan'nier, pan'ygr, n. Basket for carry-
ing a load, as on a horeie.

pan^o-ply, pan'o-pli, n. [-plies, pi.]
The full armorof awarrior.- pan'o-plied,
a. Arrayed In complete armor.

pan^o-ra'^ma, pan'o-rfl'ma, or -rS'ma,
n. A series of large pictures representing
a continuous scene; a complete view in
every direction.— pan"o-raiii'lc, a.

pan'sT, pan'zi, n. [pan'sies', »i.] A species
of violet having many-colored blossoms.

pant, pgnt. I^. vi. To breathe quickly;
long eagerly; yearn. II. n. A short,
labored breath; a violent heaving, as of
the breast. [sers.

pa n'^ta -loons', pan'ta-lanz',n.jp/. Tron-

pan'tlie-lsm, pan'th§-izm, n. The doc-
trine that mind and matter, God and the
universe, are one.— pan'the-lst, n. — pan''-
the-ls'tic, a. ^ , . .

Pan'tlie-on, pan'th§-§n, n. 1. A cir-
cular temple at Rome, supposed to have
been for all the gods. 2. [p-] The deities
of a people collectively. [leopard.

pan'tlier, pan'thgr, n. A dark-nned

pan'to-mlme, pan'to-mcdm, n. Dumb
show; a play consisting in action without

pan'try, pan'tii, n. [pan'trees", pi.} A
room or closet for food, etc.

pap^, pap, n. A teat; nipple.

pap3, n. Soft food for babes.

pa-pa', pa-pd' or pfl'pa, n. Father.

papd, gsk; at, air; el©m§nt, th6y, ua§ge; It, |, i (ee); o, oh; erat^r, «r; full, rllle; but

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pa'pa-cy* pg'pa-ei, n. 1 . The office of
the Pope of Rome. 2. The Roman Cath-
olic syBtemof charch government.— pa'-
pal, pS'pal, a.

pa-pai^^, pa-pS', n. 1 . A tropical Amer-
ican tree or the paasion-flower family. 2.
A small tree of the custard-apple family,
bearing edible fruit.

pa'per,pS'psr. \.vt. To put paper upon;
cover with paper. II. a. Of or pertaining
to paper. III. ti. 1 . A substance made
from fibrous material, as rags in thin
eheetfi or strips; a piece of such material.
2. A printed or written instrument; news-
paper; essay; pledges or promises to pay,
collectively. 3. A package in a paper

pa''pler'«iiia."cli^, pg"pi§'»ma'sh§', n.
Paper-pulp molded into vurious forms.

pa'plst, pg'pist, n. An adherent of the pa-
pacy: an opprobrious use.
— pa-pis^tic, or -al, a.

pap-oo8e% pap-US', n. [Am.
Ind.] A North- American Indi-
an infant. pap-poo8e'4:.

pa-pri'ka, pa-prt'ka, «. The
capsicum: Hungarian name.

pa-py^rus, pa-pai'rus or -pi'-
rus, n. [-RI, -rai or -ri, p/.]
The writing-paper of the an-
cient Egyptians, or plant from
which It was made. r

par, iKlr, n. An accei)ted "

standard of value; equiva-
lence; parity. — on a par, on
a level; equal.

par^a-m(e, par'a-bl, n. A
short religious allegory.

par-a1>^o-la, par-ab'o-la, n.
A curve formed bv the cutting
of a cone by a piane parallel par^vmio
to one of its sides: one of the ^*Py"^«-
conic sections. — par'''a-bol'ic, a, 1. Per-
taining to a parable. par'^a-bol'tc-aU.
2. Pertaining to or
having the form of a
par^a-cliute, par'a-
shQt, n. A lai^ge um-
brella-shaped appara-
tus for retarding the
descent of a body through the
air, as from a balloon.
pa-rade^, pa-rgd^ I. vt
vi. [pa-ra'dbd«*; pa-ra'ding.]
To array or marshal, as in mill- parachute
tary order; promenade for dis-
play. II. «. A marshaling and review
of troops; a ceremonious procession;
show; ostentation.

par^a-dig^m, par'a-dim, n. A model for

tbe inflection of a class of words, as of a

conjugation or declension.
par^a-dlse, par'a-dais, n. 1 . The warden

of Eden. 2. Heaven; supreme felicity;

region or state of surpassing delight.

— par"a-di-8l'a-cal, a.
par^a-dox, par'a-dex, n. A statement

seemingly absurd or self-contradictory in
its terms, but really true.— par''a-dox'-
ic-al, a.— par'''a-dox'ic-ar-ly, adv.

par^af-fin, par'ftf-fin, n. A translucent,
waxy, solid substance prepared from pe-
troleum. par^af-fine:t-

par^a-gon, par'a-gon, n. A model of ex-

par^a-grapli, par'a-grgf, n. 1. A dis-
tinct passage in a discourse, treatise, etc. ; a
short article. 2. A mark (^) used to indi-
cate where a paragraph is to be begun.

— par'a-graph"er, n. A writer of
newspaper paragraphs.— par^-a-ffraph^-
ic, a. par^^a-graph^ic-all:.

par^al-lax, par'a-lax, n. An apparent
displacement of an object due to cnange
of an observer's position.

paWal-lel, par'a-lel. I. vt. [-lelbd or
-lelled; -lel-ing or -lkl-ling.] To be
a parallel for; place parallel to, or in com-
parison with. II. a. 1. Extending or
lying in the same direction. 2. Having a
like course; similar. III. n. 1. Aline
extending in the same direction with and
equidistant at all points from another line.
2* Essential likeness; something like or
equal to another: a match.— par'al-lel-
Isin, n. 1. Parallel position. 2. Essential
likeness; analogy. 3. Similarity of construc-
tion.— par''ar-lePo-gram,n. 1. A four-
sided plane figure whose opposite sides are
parallel. 2. Any area or object having such

par-aFy-sIs, par-al'i-sis, n. 1. Loss of
the power of voluntary movement; palsy.
2. Loss of power in general.— par"a-lyt'-
ic, I. a. Pertaining to or affected with par-
alysis. II. n. A person subject to paralysis.
— par'a-lyze* vt. To make paralytic; de-
prive of the power to act.

par^a-mouiit* par'a-maunt, a. Supe-
rior; supreme; controlling.

par'a-pet, par'a-pet, n. A low wall, as
about the edge of a roof or bridge; a

par^a-plier-na'Il-a, par'a-fgr-ng'li-a
or -ng'li-a, n. pi. Miscellaneous articles of
equipment; appendages; trappings.

par'a-plirase, par'a-fr§z. I. vi. & vi.
[-phrased; -phra'sing.] To give the
sense of in other words. II. n. An ex-

Or; flfltSQre (future); aisle; au (out); ell; c (k); cliat; dli (the); ffo; sing, i^k; tliin.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



planatory restatement or free translation
of a passage or work.

par^a-slte, par'a-sait, n. An organism
that lives on or in some other; a hanger*
on; sycophant.— par"a-sit'lc, a. Living
on or In another organism: pertaining to par-
asites. par"a-sit'ic-aU.

par'a-sol'', par'a-sel', n. A small um-
brella carried by women; a sunshade.

par'boll", pflr'beil", vt. To boil partially;
affect the skin by heat and moisture.

par'cel, pflr'sfil or pflr'sl. I. vt. [-celed
or -celled; -cel-ing or -cel-lingJ 1.
To divide into parts; distribute. 2. To
make up into a parcel. II. n. 1. Any-
thing wrapped np; a package. 2. A part;
lot; distinct portion, as of land.

parcIiS parch, vt. & vi. To dry; scorch.

parcli^ineiit, pflrch'ment, n. Sheepskin,
etc., polished for writing; a writing on

pardll, pflrd, n. A leopard; panther.

par'doii, pflr'dn or -dun. I.Tt. To remit
the penalty of; forego; forgive; excuse.
II. n. 1. Remission of penalty incurred.
2. Courteous forbearance. — par'don-a-
bl(e, a. That may be pardoned.— par'-
don-er. n. , ,», ^

pare, par, vt. [pared; par'ino.j To cut
or shave off a covering skin or peel of;
diminish by taking away a little at a time.

— par'er, n.— par'inif, w.
par'^e-gor'ic, par'§-ger'ic, n. A camphor-
ated tincture of opium.

par'ent, par'gnt, n. A father or a mother;
a producer; cause: occasion.— par'ent-
affe« n. The relation of parent to child;
descent.— pa-ren^tal, a.

pa-ren'tlie-sls, pa-ren'thg-sis, n. [-pes,
-sTz, pi.] A clause inserted in a sentence
that is grammatically complete without it,
separated usually by the upright curves ( ).

— par'^en-thet'ic or -al, a. Pertain-
ing to or like a parenthesis.

par^e-sls, par'§-si8, n. Partial paralysis.

pa'ri-ali* pe'ri-a or pd'ri-a, n. A Hmdu
outcast; any social outcast, pa'rl-at*

par^isli, par'ish, n. A religious congre-
gation; an ecclesiastical district. — pa-
ri sh^ion-er« n. A member of a parish.

par'i-ty, par'i-ti, n. Equality.

park, pdrk, n. 1. A tract of land set
apart for ornament or recreation. 2. An
enclosure for artillery, or the artillery there

par'lanee, pdr'lans, n. Mode of speech;
language; phrase.

parley, pGr'l§. 1, vi. To hold a con-
ference; argue. II. n. An oral confer-
ence, as with an enemy.

par^Ua-ment, par'l§-ment, n. A legis-
lative body; especially, [P-] the supreme
leeislature of Great Britain, also

Houses of Parliament, Lonaon.

parlor, pflr'ler, n. 1. [U. S.] A guest*
room. 2. [Eng.] A sitting-room,

pa-ro^chl-al, pa-rO'ki-al, a. Pertaining
to a parish.

par'o-dy, par'o-di. I. vt. [-died; -dy-
ing.] ^o burlesque; travesty. 11./.-
[-DIES', pi.] A burlesque composition
imitating some serious work; a travesty.

pa-rol', pa-rol', a. Oral, pa-role'^

pa-role^, pa-rOl'. I. vt. [pa-roled :
PA-RO'LiNG.] To release on parole. II.
n. 1 . Mil. A pledge of honor by a pris-
oner that he will not seek to escape, or
will not serve against his captors until ex-
changed . 2. Law. An oral statement

par-ot^ld, par-et'id. I. a. Situated
near the ear. II. n. A salivary gland
below the ear.

par'ox-ysin, par'ex-izm, n. A periodic
attack of disease; a fit; convulsion.

— par'-'ox-ys'mal, a. Convulsive.
par-quet', pdr-ket', n. [U. S.] The

main-floor space behind the orchestra of a

theater. par-quette'J.
par'ra-keet", par'a-ktf, n. A small

long-tailed parrot, par^o-qoef^.
par'rl-clde, par'i-soid, n. The murder

or the murderer of a parent.

— par'ri-ci^dal, a. ^. , ,
par^rot, par'§t, n. A bird havmg a

hooked bill, and able to imitate human

par'ry, jpar'i, vt. & vi. [par'rikd; par'-

RY-iNG.J To ward off, as a blow; avoid.

as by repartee.
parse, pGrs, vt. & vi. [parsed*; pars-
ing.] To describe and analyze according

to the rules of grammar.
par^sl-mo-ny, pflr'si-mo-ni, n. Undue

economy; stinginess.— par ''sl-mo'iii-oitt,

a. Meanly economical; stingy.

papfi, 98k; at, air; el©m$nt, th6y, usgge; It, |, i (ee); o, oh; erat^r, er; full, rflle; b«t

Digitized byLjOOQlC



parsley, pflre'lg, n. An aromatic herb.

pars'nlp, pdrs'nip, n. A European herb
of the parsley famuy, with edible root.

par'son, pQr'sun ©/• pflr'sn, n. The cler-
gyman of a parish; a minister. — par'son-
age* n. A clergyman's dwelling.

part, part. I^. vt. & vi. To divide in-
to parts or portions; come apart; sever;
separate. II. «. 1. A certain portion
or amount of anything; a member. 2. A
region; quarter; side; party; canse; duty.

par>take/t par-tek% vt. & vi. To have a
part in; share.— par-ta'ker, n. A sharer.

par^terre', pflr"tar', n. A flower-gar-
den; ornamental plot of ground.

par^tlal, pdr'shal, a. Pertaining to a
part only; lavoring one side; prejudiced;
unfair.— pai^'ti-ari-ty, pOr'shi-al'i-ti, n.
1 • The state of being partial. "Z . Unfairness;
bias. 3* A predilection.— par^tial-ly.adf.

I. In part only. 2. With unjust favoritism.
par-tlc^l-pate, par-tis'i-p6t, vi. [-pa'-

TED*; -PA'TiNG.J To sharc; partake.
— par-tic'i-pant. I. a. Participating.

II. n. One who participates; a partaker.
par - tlc/l - pa'*'tort.— par -tie*'! - pa'-
tion. n. A snaring.

par^tt-cl-pl(e, pOr'ti-si-pl, n. A form of
the verb that permits its use as an adjec-
tive or as a noun. — par^ti-cip^-al, a.

par'tl-cire, pflr'ti-cl, n. 1. A minute
portion of matter: small amount. 2. An
uninflected part of speech, as a preposition.

par-tlc^u-Iar, por-tic'yu-lar. I. a. 1.
Pertaining to a part or item; separate; in-
dividual; specific. 2. Specially note-
worthy. 3. Hinnte; exact; fastidious.
II. n. A separate matter or item; an
instance; point; detail.— par-tlc^u-lar^-
ty, n. 1 • The state of being particular. 2.
Something particular.— par - tic'u - lar -
ize. V. L-iZED; -I'zmo.] I, t. To mention
particularly. II. <. To give particulars.—
par-tlc^a-lar-ly, adv.

partying, partying, n. Separation; divi-
sion; a point of separation.

par^tl-san, -ship. Same as pabtiz an, etc.

par-tl'tlon, par-tish'un. I. vt. To
separate into parts; divide. II. n. 1 . Divi-
sion. 2. A dividing line; separating w^l.

par^tl-ttT(e, pdr'ti-tiv. I. a. Separa-
ting; denoting a part. II. n. A parti-
tive word or case, -ly, adv.

par'tl-zan, ) pdr'ti-zan. I. a. Of or

par^tl-san, j pertaining to a party or
partlzane; intensely devoted to a party.
II. n. A bigoted adherent of a party or
cau8%— paKd-san-ship, n. [degree.

part'Iy, pflrt'li, adv. In part; in some

partner, pdrt'ngr, n. One associated

Common European

with another or others, as in business, a
dance, etc.; an associate; companion.—
part'ner-shlPf n. Association in business.

par^trldjg^e, ?<lr'trij, n. 1 . A small game-
bird. 2. [U. S.] A
ruffed grouse or a

par'ty, pflr'tl, a. Di-
videa into parts or of
different parties.
— par'tyicof -

^^•:?^i?-i^iSd7o^ ^^'^^^^^- ^/"

persons united for a common purpose, as
political ascendency. 2. A social com-

§any. 3. A small detachment, as of sel-
lers. 4. A person interested, as in a con-
tract or a lawsuit; any person.

par've-nu'', i)flr'vfi-niB', n. One newly
risen to wealth or prominence; an upstait.

pas^cbal, pas'cal, a. Pertaining to the
Jewish Passover or to Easter.

pa-sha^, pa-shfl', pash'S or pash-5', n. A
Turkish or Egyptian general, governor, or
high functionary. pa-cha^|.— pa-sha'*
lie, n. The province or jurisdiction of a
pasha. pa-cna'Iict.

pass, pgs, V. [passed* or past; pass'-
iNo.] I. ^ 1 . To go by, over, through, or
beyond; spend, asnme; undergo; endure;
surpass. 2. To move; transfer; convey;
put in circulation. 3. To pronounce, as a
judgment; adopt or enact, as a law. II.
i. 1. To move or glide by; elapse. 2.
To circulate. 3. To occur. 4. To go
through a course successfully.— pamper,
n. One who passes. pass^er>by't*—
pass^ina, adv. In a surpassing d^ree;

pass, n. 1. A way or opening; defile;
waterway. 2. Permission to pass: a
ticket; passport. 3. A state of affairs;
crisis. 4. A lunge.— pass'a-blCe, a.
Capable of being passed; fairly good.—
pass^a-bly, adv.

pas^sase, pas'0j, n. 1. A passing by,
through, or overj the power or right of
passing; a way; journey; voyage. 2. A
corridor, hall. etc. 3. A clause; par-
agraph. 4. A personal encounter.

pas^'^s^e', pgs's^', a. Past the prime; faded:
with feminine nouns; in the masculine, pasai.

pas^sen-ger, pas'fin-jgr, n. One who
travels in a public conveyance.

pas'8l-bl(e, pas'i-bl, a. Capable of feel>
ing or of suffering.

pas^slon, pash'nn, n. 1. Intense feel-
ing; strong emotion or Impulse. 2* Suf-
fering; agony.— pas^slon-ate, a. Easily

Gr; flfttg^re (future); ollsle; au (out); ell; c (k); cliat; dli {the); ffo; eiiis, iqik; tliin.
19 _

Digitized byLjOOQlC



moved to anger; excitable; ardent, -ly,
adr. -ness* n.— pas^sion-less, a. Free
from passion; calm.

pas'slT(e, pas'iv^ a. 1 . Not acting, bat
acted upon; inactive; unresisting; euomis-
sive. 2. Pertaining to a form or verb that
represents the subject of the verb as the
object of the action.— pa«'8iv(e-ly, adv.—
pas'sivCe-ness, n. pas-si v^i-ty.t* .

Pass'o^ver, pgs'O'vgr, n. The prmcipal
Jewish feast (cp. Ex. xii).

pass'port, pgs'port, n. An official pro-
tection to a citizen of one country traveling
in another. [word.

pass'iirord^, pgs'wurd*, n. A watch-
past, pgst. I. pa. Belonging to time
8 me by. II. ». 1 . Time gone by. 2.
ne*s antecedents. III. adv. So as to
go by and beyond. IV. prep. Beyond;
after; out of reach of.

paste, pfist. I. vt. [PA'STBD*; pa'-
8TIN0.1 To stick with paste. II. n. 1.
An adhesive mixture, as of flour and
water; moist plastic substance. 2. A
composition for making false gems.

— paste'board^, n. Stiff, thick sheets
of paper.

pas^tern, pas'tgm, n. That part of a
horse's foot just below the fetlock joint.

Pas-teur'ize, pas-tUr'alz, vt. [-izkd; -i-
znrG.l To check and prevent fermentation,
as of fluids.— Pas-teur^i-za^tion, n.

pas 'time ^, pgs'taim', n. Diversion;
amusement; to make time j^ass agreeably.

pas'tor, pgs'tQr, n. A Christian minister
having charge of a congregation.— pas'-
tor-al. I. a. 1. Pertainlngrto thellfeof

shepherds and rustles. 5J. Pertaining to a
pastor and his .work. II. n. 1. A poem
dealing with rural matters; an Idyl. <2. A

picture 111 ustratlDg rural scenes. 3. A letter

from a pastor to his flock.— pas'tor-al-ly,

odp.— pas'tor-ate, n.— j»a8^tor-8hip, n.
pa'stry, pe'stri, n. Articles of food made

with a crust of shortened dough, as pies.
pas'ture, pgs'chur or -tiftr. I. vt. & vi.

[pas'tubed; pas'tur-ing.] To graze.

II. n. Ground for grazing; herbage for

cattle. — pas'tur - a^e, n. 1. Pasture. 2.

The business of grazing cattle. •
pa'sty, pg'sti. I. a. Like paste. II. n.

[pa' STIES", pi.] A pie, as of meat.
pat, pat, vt. [pat'tbd**; pat'tinq.] To

strike lightly or caressingly.
pat, a. Exactly suitable in time or place;

fitting; apt— pat'ly, adv.— pAt'nem, n.
pat^ , n. 1 . Caressing stroke. 2 . A pattering.
pat^, n. A small molded mass,
pat, ac^v. In a fit manner; aptly.
patch, pach. I*, vt. & vi. To pnt a

patch on; mend; make hastily or imper-

fectly. II. n. A small piece, as of cloth
for repairing a garment; a small piece of
ground.— patch'work^, n. A fabric made
of pieces stitched together, as for quilts, etc.;
pieced work.

pate, p§t, n. The head.

pa-tePla, pa-tePa, n. A flattened oval
bone in front of the knee-joint; knee-pan.

patient, pat'gnt I<*. vt. To grant or
secore bvjmtent. II. pat'gnt or pS'tgnt,
a. 1. jrfanifest or apparent. 2. Pro-
tected by patent. III. n. A government
protection securing the exclusive right of
making and using an invention; also, any
government grant or franchise. — j»at'ent*
a-bl(e, a.— paf en-tee% n. One who
holds a patent.

pa-ter'nal, pa-ter'nal, a. 1. Pertainini;
to a father; fatherly. 2. Hereditary, -ly,
adv.— pa-tei^ni-ty, n. The condition of
being a father; ancestry on the male side.

pa ' ter - nos' ter, pe' [or pg'] tgr-nes't^r,
w. 1. The Lord's Prayer: literally, *'oar
father." 2. A rosary.

patb, path, n. [paths, pddbz, pi.] A
walk; way; road; course. — path'leas, a.
Having no path; trackless.

pa-tbet^lc, pa-thet'ic, a. Touching the
feelings; arousing compassion.

pa-tlioPo-ey, pa-thel'o-gi, n. [-qiesSi

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