James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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irf.] The branch of medical science thai
"treats of disease.— path^o-l<>g^c-al, a.
Pertaining to pathology, path '■^-l oir'ict.

pa'tbos, pd'thes or pgth'es, n. That
which awakens tender feelings, as of com-
passion or sympathy.

path'way^, pflth'w^', n. Same as path.

pa^tlent, pS'shgnt. I. a. Possessing
quiet endurance under distress or annoy-
ance; calmly awaiting or endoring; meek;
gentle; forbearing. JEI. n. A person on-
der treatment for disease or iniury.

— pa^tience, n. The quality of beios

Satlent; forbearance; gentleness; quiet en-
urance or expectation.— pa^tlent-ly, adr.
pa^toi8^ pg'twfi', n. An Illiterate dialect
pa^trl-arcb, pfi'tri-drc, n. The head of
a family or of a tribe; venerable man.-
pa'^trl-ar'chal, a. pa^trl-ar'chic:.
pa-trPclan, pa-trish'an. I. a. Of or
pertain ine to an aristocracy; noble. Il>
n. A nobleman. I

pat^rl-clde. pat'ri-said, n. Parricide. 1
pat'rl-ino-ny, pat'ri-mo-ni, n. [-nie^'
pi.] An inherited estate; inheritance. I

— pat^ri-mo^ni-al, a.
pa^trl-ot, p§'tri-^t or pat'ri-et, n. ^

lover of his country. — pa^'trl-ot'lcf <i.
or like a patriot— pa^trl-ot-ism, n. Pf
votlon to one's country.

papfl, gsk; at, ftir; element, th^y, usfge; It, |, i (ee); o, 5h; orator, or; fall, rule; but

Digitized byLjOOQlC



pa-trol', pa-trOl'. I. vU & vi. [pa-
? trolled'; pa-trol'ling.] To walk
' around in order to guard or inspect. II.
' n. 1. A guard or oody of guards patrol-
ling a district. 2. The act of patrolling.
, pa'tron, pfi'trun or pat'run, n. A dis-
; penser of patronage; a protector; benefac-
■^ tor.— pat'ron-agc,n. Fostering care and
-' protection; guardianship; control of official
* appointments.— pat'r on -ess, n. A female
i patron.— pat^ron-ize* vt. ]. To act as a
' patron to; favor. 2* To treat with oflFenslve
; condesceaslon. pat^ron-iset*
.'pat^ro-nym^ic, pat'ro-nim'ic, n. A
■f name derived from an ancestor; a family

■ name. [shoe.
pat'ten, pat'en, n. A thick^soled wooden

^at'terS pat'er, vi. To make a succession

' of light, rattling sounds, as drops of rain.

pat'ter*, vt. & vi. To mutter; jabber.

pat^ter, n. A succession of pats or taps;

: a pattering sound; glib talk; chatter.

pat^tern, pat'fim. I. vt, & vi. To imi-

. tate; copy. II. n. 1. Something for

^ imitation; a model. 2. A decorative de-
sign; figure; style. [pie.

rpat^ty, pat'i, n. [pat'tiks", p/.] A small

pan'cl-ty, pS'si-ta, n. Fewness.

panneli, pdnch or p9nch, n. The abdo-

> men; first stomach of a ruminant.

ipau^p< "* - ,

( chant
erty; destitution. 2. Paupers collectiyely.—

\ paa'per-lsce, vt. To reduce to pauperism.

pause, pdz. I. vi, [paused; paus'ing.]

■ To stop; hold back: delay; linger. II. n.
I 1 • A cessation or intermission of action.
, 2. A holding back; hesitation.
pave, p§v. vt. [paved; pa'ving.] To

cover witn pavement. — pave^ment^ n,

1 • A flooring, as of stone, for a road. 2*

Material for paving.
pa-irlFlon, pa-vU'yun, n. A structure

for temporary shelter; a canopy.
pa^v, p8. \.vt.& vi. To scrape or strike

with the forefoot; touch with the paws.

11. n. The foot or hand of an animal

having nails or claws.
pa^vl, p81, n. Mech. A

hinged or pivoted piece

shaped to engage with

ratcnet*teeth; a dick or

pawn,' p«n, vt. To ^^A wh^S^**^^'

pledge (personal prop. Pawl ( J); nitchet

erty), as security for a (r); ifcrm (a).

pa^vn', n. Something pledged as secu-

ri^for a loan.— pawii'bro"Kcr, n. One


who makes a business of lending money on
personal property.

pa w^ n^ , pSn, n. A chessman of lowest rank

pay, p6, V. [paid; pay'ing.] I. ^ 1.
To render an equivalent to, as forpropaly
or service. 2. To satisfy, as a claim. 3
To expend, as money; deliver; hand over.

, 4. To profit. II. i. To render compeu'
sation; yield adequate return.

pay, n. Something rendered as an equiv*
alent for property, labor, or loss; re-
quital ; reward ; compensation . — pay'a-
dI (e, a. Due and unpaid.— pay'^^ee', p^T, n.
One to whom pajrment has been or Is to be
made.— pay'er. n. One who pays.— pay'«
mas^ter, n. One who has charge of the
paying of employees.— pay^ment, n. The
act of paying; requital; recompense.

pea, pi, n. [peas' or pease', pi."] A
climbing annual herb, or its edible seed.

peace, pts, n. Absence or cessation of
war; quiet; tranquillity: concord.—

Seace'a-bKe, a. 1. Inclined to peace.
• Peaceful; tranquil.— peace^a-bKe-
aess, n.— peace^a-bly, o<«r.— peace'-
ful.a. 1. undisturbed. 2. Inclined to or
used In peace.

peacb, ptch, n. The fleshv, edible fruit of
the peach-tree, or the tree itself.

pea'cock^, pl'coc', n. A large, crested
bird, of which the male is
noted for its elongated tail-
coverts, marked with beauti-
ful ^e*like spots. — pea'-
fowl'', n.— pea'hen'', n.

peak, ptk, n. 1. A point or
edge. 2. A mountain sum-
mit.— peak'ed, a. Pointed.

peal, ptl. I. vt. & vi. To
ring loudly. II. n. 1. A
prolonged, sonorous, clanging
sonnd. 2. A set of large
bells musically attuned; a

pea'nut, pt'nut, n. A fruit
of a trailing plant of the bean
family, ripemng under ground.

pear, pftr, n. The edible, fleshy fruit of a
tree of the rose family.

pearl, perl, n. A lustrous concretion de-
posited in the shells of various mol-
lusks: used as a gem.— pearKaah'', n.
Crude potassium carbonate.— pearl'y, a.
Adorned with or resembling pearls.

peas'ant, pez'ant, n. In Europe, a petty
farmer; a farm-laborer.— peas 'ant- ry^
n. The peasant class.

pease, piz, n. sing. &pl. Peas collectively.

peat, pit, n. Partially carbonized vege-
table matter, found in bogs and used as fuel.

5r; flllt|f^re (future); aisle; au (out); oil; c (k); cbat; dli (jthe)\ so; sins, iqik; tAin.

.Digitized byLjOOQlC



pebble, peb'l, n. 1. A email rounded
stone. 2. A quartz-crystal lens.— pcl/-
bly, a. Abounding with pebbles.

pe-can', p§-can', n. A large hickory of
the United States, with olive-shaped nuts.

pec'^'^ca-dlFlo, pec'a-dil'o, n. [-los» or
-LOEs*, pi.] A slight or trifling sin.

pec'ca-ry, pec^a-ri^
pugnacious hog-like
American mammal.

pecks pec, vt. & vi.
To strike with or as
with the beak.
— peck'er, n.

peck, n. A measure :
eight quarts or one-
fourth of a bushel.

pec'to-ral, pec'to-

n. [-RIES*, pi.] A

Collared Peccary. Vis

rol, a. Pertaining to the breast or chest.

pec'u^late, pec'yu-l§t, vi. f-LA'TBD«*;
-LA'TiNG.] To embezzle; pilfer; steal.
— pec'^a-la'tion, ».— pec'u-la''''tor, n.

pe-cul^lar, p§-kiul'yar, a. 1 . Particular;
singular; strange; odd. 2. Belonging par-
ticularly to one. — ^pe-cul'iar-ly, adv. — pe-
cu'-'li-ar'i-ty, ». [-tiks«, jo/.] The quality
of being peculiar; singularity.

pe-cu'nl-a-ry, p§-kifi'ni-g-ri, a. Con-
sisting of money; monetary. [master.

ped^a-gog(ue, ped'a-geg, n. A school-

ped'al, ped'al or pt'dal, n. A lever for
the foot, in musical instruments and light

ped'ant, ped'ant. n. One who makes
needless display of learning.— pe-dan'tic,
a.— ped'ant-ry, n. Ostentatious display
of knowledge.

ped'dle, ped'l, vL & vi. [pkd'dled ; ped'-
DLiNG.] To sell from house to house or
little by little; do a petty business.

ved'dler, etc. Same as pedlbb, etc.

ped'es-tal, ped'es-tal, n. A base or sup-
port, as for a column, statue, or vase.

pe-des'trl-an, p§-de8'tri-an. I. a. Of
or pertaining to walking. II. n. One
who journeys on foot; a walker.- pe-des'-
tri-an-lsin, n.

ped'l-eel, pedi-sel, n. A stalk or sup-
porting part, as of a flower.

ped'1-gree, ped'i-grt, n. 1. A line of
ancestors. 2. A genealogical register.

ped'l-ment, ped'i-m§nt, n. A broad,
triangular space, as above a portico.

ped'ler, pcd'lgr, n. One who sells goods
from house to house, ped'lart*

ped-un'cle, ped-un'cl or p§-dui3i'cl, n.
The general stalk or support of a flower;
any stalk or stem.— ped-un^cu-lar, a.

peel, ptl. I. vt. & vi. To strip off the peel

of* remove or be detached, as a rind or
skm. II. n. Skin; rind: bark.

peepi, pip. I*, vi. 1 . To look slyly; peer.
2. To be seen partially, as through a
crevice. II. n. A furtive look.

peep^. I*, vi. To utter a slight, sharp sound.
II. n. The cry of a chick, or the like.

peer, ptr, vi. To look at or into some-
thing attentively and inquiringly.

peer, n. 1. An equal. 2. A nobleman.

— beer'age, n. 1, The rank of a peer.

2. The nobinty.— peerless* n. A woman

who holds a title of nobility.— peer^Iess, a.

Of unequaled excellence.

pee'Tlsb, pi'vish, a. Feebly fretful;
querulous; petulant, -ly, adv. -neas, n.

peg, peg. I. vt. To drive (a peg) into;
fasten by pegs. II. n. A wooden pin.

pel-a^'lc, pel-aj'ic, a. Pertaining to or
inhabiting the deep sea.

pelf, pelf, n. Money; wealth.

pel^l-can, pel'i-con, n. A large fish-eating
bird of warm regions, having a large pouch
on the lower jaw, for the tem-
porary storage of fish.

pe-lisse^, PS-Its', n.
A long outer garment
or cloak.

peFlet, pel'et, n. A ;
small round ball.

peni-cl(e, pel'i-cl, i ^.^^^_^_____,
n. A thin skin, film, r.«^x««« D^iTlor^
or layer. Common Pelican. 1/54

pell''»mell', pel"-mel', adv. In a confused
or promiscuous way.

pel-lu^cld, pel-lQ'sid, a. Transparent;
clear; translucent, -ly, adv. -ness, n.

pelt«*, pelt, V. l»t. To strike or assail with
missiles. II. i. To throw anything; de-
scend violently.

pelt^ n. An undressed fur-skin.

pelt^, n, A blow, as of a missile.

pel'Fis, pel' vis, n. The bony structare at
the base of the abdomen.— pei'vic, a.

p^n^ pen. l,vt. [penned or pent; pen'-
NiNG.j To enclose in a pen. II. n. A
small enclosure, as for pigs.

pen^. I. vt. [penned; pen'nino.] To
vnrite. II. n. An instrument for writing
with a fiuid ink.

pe'nal, pl'nal, a. Pertaining to pimish-
ment; liable to punishment.— pen'a[l-ty, n.
[-TIES", pi.) Any painful consequence 01 the
transgression of law; punishment.

pen'ance, pen'ans, n. Suffering volun-
tarily undertaken as an act of atonement

pence, pens, n. Plural of penny, pen'niest.

pen''''cbant^, pdft'shdA' or pen'chant, n.
A strong inclination; bias.

«)apd, gsk; at, air; el§m^nt, thSy, usgge; It, |, i (ee); o, oh; erat^r, or; full, rOle; but,

Digitized byLjOOQlC



pen'ckZ, pen'sil. I.«<. [-ciLEDor-ciLLED;
-ciL-iNG or -ciL-iJNQ.] To mark, write, or
draw with a pencil. II. n. 1. A long,
pointed strip of wood enclosing a slip of
graphite, or of slate, or the like, used for
writing, drawing, etc. 2. A small, finely
pointed paint«brush. 3. A group of lines
or rays aivergingfrom a given point.

pend<>, pend, vi.To be awaiting or in proc-
ess of adjustment: literally, to hang or
depend.— pend^ant, n. Anything that
hangs or depends; a short rope, streamer, or
pennant, pend^entt.— pend'en-cy, n.—
pend'entf a. 1 . Han^ng loosely; pendu-
lous. 2. Projecting.— pend'inir. I. a.
Awaiting settlement; undecided, ll. prep.

I. During the continuance of. 2* Await-
ing; until.

pend^u-lum, pend'yn-lum, n. A body
8a8j)ended from a fixed point, and free to
swmg to and fro.— pend^u-ious, a. Hang-
ing, especially so as to swing.

pen^e-trate, pen'§-tr§t, v. [-tra'tkd**;
TRA'TiNo.] I. ^ 1 . To enter into the in-
terior of. 2. To see into; discern; detect.

II. i. To pass into or enter something.
— peii"e-tra-bi I'l-ty, n.— pen'e-tra-

bl(e, a. That may be penetrated. — pen^e-
tra^tion, n. The act of penetrating; acute-
ness; discernment.- peiiM;-tra-tiT(e« a.

pen'euln, pen'gwin, n. A short'winged
8ea«Dird of the southern hemisphere.

pen-ln'su-la, pen-in'sia-la, n. A piece
of land almost snrrounded by water.
— pen-in^so-lar, a.

pen^l-tent, pen^-tgnt. I. a. Sorry for
sin and desirous of amendment; contrite;
repentant. II. n. One who is penitent.
-ly, ad9.— pen^i-tence, n. The state of
being penitent: contrition.— pen^'^l-ten'-
tiaK a. Pertaining to penitence, penance,
or punishment.- pen^'i-ten'tla-ry. I. a.
Penitential. II. n. A house of correction;
8tate«prl8on. [knife.

pen'knlfe^, pen'naif, n. A small pocket-

pen'man, pen'm^n, n. [-men, pi.] A
writer.— pen^man-shlp, n. The art of
writing; handwriting.

pen^nant, pendant, n. A small flag, es-
pecially a very long and narrow one.

pen^nl-less, pen'i-les, a. Without a
penny; destitute.

pen^non, pen'Qn, n. A small flag, borne
on his lance by a medieval knight.

pen^ny* pen'i, n. [pen'nies« or pence, »;.]
1 . A British coin, one«twelfth of a shilling,
or 2 cents U. 8. value. 2. Any small coin,
as a cent (U. S.).— pen'ny-wel^ht", n.
The twentieth part of an ounce, troy.

pen'^ny-roy'al, pen'i-roi'al, n. A strong-
scented herb of the mint family.

pen^slon, pen'shuu. I. vt. To grant a
pension to; retire on a pension. II. n. A
periodical allowance, as to a disabled sol-
dier or sailor, on account of past services.
— pen'sion-er, n. One who receives a
pension, pen'sion-a-ryt*

pen^slT(e, pen'siv, a. Gravely or sadly

pent, pent,2?a. Penned up or in; closely

pen'ta-son, pen'ta-gon, n. A figure with
five angles and five sides.— pen-tag'o-
nal, a.

Pen'ta-teucli, pen'ta-tific, n. The first
five books of the Bible, collectively.

Pen'te-eost, pen't§-co8t, n. A Jewish
festival, occurring fifty days after the Pass-
over, memorable for the outpouring of the
Spirit {Acts ii).— pen'-'te-coa'tal, a.

pent'liouse'^, pent'haus', n. A shed
having the upper edge of its sloping roof
attached to the wall of another buildmg.

pe-nult^, p§-nult' or pl'nult, n. The syl-
lable next to the last in a word.— pe-nuF-
ti-mate« a. Being the last but one.

pe-num'bra, p§-num'bra, n. A margin
of a shad-
ow ob-^-^ -f

served ^^(sstY^ " ^

an eclipse, Vy


n. Extreme

poverty or

want— pe-

nu''rl-ous,a. Parsimonious; miserly, -ly,

adv. -nesst n.

pe'o-ny, pi'o-ni, n. [-nibs', ja/.] A plant
bearing large showy flowers.

peo^ple pi'pl. I. vt. [peo'pled; peo'-
PLiNG.] To stock with inhabitants; popu-
late. II. n. 1 . The persons, collectively,
inhabiting one locality, speaking one lan-
guage, or living under one government.
2. Persons collectively. 3. The populace.
4. Kinsfolk; attendants, etc.

pep'per, pep'gr. I. vt. To season with
pepper; pelt; scold. II. n. A tropical
climbing shrub, its pungent aromatic ber-
ries, or a condiment prepared from them.

— pep'per-mlnt's «. A pungent aro-
matic herb, used In medicine and confection-
ery.— pep^per-y, a. Pertaining to or like
pepper; pungent; quick-tempered; stinging.

pep^sln, pep'sin, n. The digestive ferment
of the gastric juice; also, a medicinal prep-
aration obtained from the stomachs of
various animals.— pep'tic, a.

Planet's Penumbra


X, the planet: 8, a satellite; p, p,

the penumbra; au, the sun.

Gr; fl1lt|9re(fatnre); aisle; au (mi); ell; c (k); chat; dli (the); go; sine, iqik; this.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



per^'^ad-Ten'ture, per'ad-ven'chur or

-tilJr, adv. Perchance; perhaps.
per-am'bu-late, pgr-ara'biu-lgt, v.

[-LA'TBD«*; -LA'TING.J I. t. To Walk

through or over. II. i. To walk about.
— per-ain''^u-la'tion« n.— per-am^-
bn-la^tort n. 1, One who perambulates.
2. A baby-carriage.

per-celv(e', per-stv', vt. [per-ceiv(k)d';
PBR-cBiv'iNG.J To know by means of the
senses; discern; understand; note.— per-
ceiv^a-bl(e« a.— lyer-ceiv'er, n.

per cent., by or m the hundred.— per-
ceiit^affe« n. 1. Bate by the hundred. 9.
The allowance, commission, duty, or Interest
on a hundred.

per-cep^tlon, pgr-sep'shun, n. The act
or power of perceiving; that which is per-
ceived j cognition; apprehension. — per-
cep'^ti-blri-ty, n.— per-cep^ti-bl(e, a.
That may be seen or apprehended; perceiva-
ble. — per-cep^tl-bly* adv. — per-cep^*
tiv(e, a. Perceiving, or having the power
of perception.

percli-S pgrch, vt. & vi. To place, alight,
or sit on a perch; roost.

percliSn. A small food-fish.

percli^, n. 1. A staff, pole, or slat; a
roost. 2. A measure: (i) One rod (16.5
feet). (2) In stonework, about 25 cubic feet.

per-chanee^, pgr-chgns', adv. Perhaps.

per-clp'l-ent, pgr-sip'i-gnt, a. Perceiving.

per^co-late, pgr'co-lgt, vt. <fc vi. [-la'-
TED^; -LA'TiNG.] To pass through fine
openings ; filter; strain.— per^co-Ia'tlon, n.

per-eus'slon, per-cnsh'un, n. Sudden
collision, or the shock or vibration pro-
duced by it. — per-cua'sionscap^, n. A
small cap of thin metal containing a fulmi-
nate for firing a charge.

per-dFtlon, pgr-dish'un, n. Destruction;
eternal death; hell.

per^e-grl-na'tlon, per*§-gri-n§'shDn,
n. A traveling about; journey; wandering.

per'eiiip-to"ry, per'emp-to"ri, a. 1. De-
cisive; absolute; positive; dictatorial.
— per'erap-to''ri-ly, adv.

per-en'nl-al, pgr-en'i-al. I. a. Lasting
more than one season. II. n. A plant
that lasts year after year. -ly, adv.

perTect**, pgr'fect or pgr-fect', vt. To
make perfect; finish: complete.— per-
fect'-'i-biPi-ty, n.— per-fect'i-bl(e, a.

per'fect, ngr'fect. I. a. 1. Without de-
fect or lack: complete. 2. Gram. Noting
past or finished action. II. n. Gram. The
perfect tense.— per-fec'tion, n, 1. The
state of being perfect ; supreme excellence.
per^fect-ne^st. 2. The highest degree of
a thing.— per^fect-ly, adv.

per'fl-dy, pfir'fl-di. n. Treachery; faith-
lessness.— per-flda-oiu, a. Treacherous.

per'fo-rate, pgr'fo-rgt. I. vt. [-ra'tkd'*;
-RA'TiNG.] To bore through; pierce. II.
psr'fo-ret or -rgt, a. Pierced with a hole
or holes, per^fo-ra'^tedj.- per'To-
ra'tion, n. [necessity.

per- force', pgr-fOrs', adv. By force; of

per-forIIl^ per-fSrm', v. 1. t. 1. To ,
bring to completion; accomplish; fulfil.
2. To act out, as a play; represent; render;
play. II. i. To accomplish an act; do;
act on the stage, etc. — per-form'ance, n.
The act of performing ; execution ; action;
representation.— per-form'er, n.

per-ftame', per-fium'. I. vt. rpBR-puiiED';
pER-pu'MrNG.j To render odorous: scent.
II. per'fiftm or pgr-fium', n. 1 . A pleas-
ant odor, as from flowers. 2. A fragrant
substance or mixture. — per-fu'raer, n.—
per*fu'mer-y« n. Perfumes In general.

per-liaps', pgr-haps', adv. It may be;
possibly. [or elf.

pe'rl, pf'rl or p6'rl, n. Per. Myth. A fairy

per'l-gee, per'i-jl, n. The point in the
orbit of the moon where it ia nearest the

per'^l-tie'll-on, per'i-hMi-§n, n. The

point in the orbit of a

planet or comet where y^ ^^'^
It is nearest the sun. /. \

per^ll, per'il. I. vt. I \

<fc vi. [per'iled or \ ^ J

per'illed; per'il- r * ^

INQ or per'il-ling.] \ /

To expose to danger. \ /

II. n. Exposure to \ ^/

per-lm'e-ter, per- permeuon.

im'g-tgr, n. The boundary or Hm of a fig-
ure or object.

pe'rl-od, pl'ri-ed, n. 1. A definite por-
tion of time; era. 2. Termination. 3.
The present day. 4. A dot ( . ) marking
the end of a sentence; a complete sen-
tence.- pe'^rl-od'lc, a. Pertaining to a
period; returning at regular Intervals.—
pe'i^ri-od'ic-al. I. a. Periodic. II. n.
A publication appearing at regular Intervals.

per-lpli'er-y, per-ifgr-i, n. [-ies», pl\
The outer surface; circumference.
-; per-iph'er-al, a.

per'lshS per'ish, v%. To be destapoyed;
wither; decay.— per'iah-a-blCe, a. Liable
to perish; mortal.

per'l-virlg, per'i-wig, n. A head-dress of
false hair.

papa, gsk; at, air; elgm^nt, th6y, usfge; It, g, i (ee); o, oh; erat^r, or; full, rllle; but.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



per'l-w^ln'^klCe, per'i-wiv'kl, n. A small

per'Jure, pfifjur or -jtl», "ot.
& vi. [per'jured; per'-
JUR-ING.J To make or be-
come guilty of perjury; bear
false witness.— pergur-er,
n.— per'ju-ry, n. Asser-
tion of a falsehood under
' oath.

per^ma-nent, p^r'ma- periwinkle,
nfint, a. Continuing with-
out change-, durable.— per'nia-nence, n.
The state of being permanent; durability;

per^me-ate, pgr'me-gt, vt. [-a'tbd*;
-A'TiNG.] To pass through the pores or
interstices of; be diffused through.— per"-
me-a-biFi-ty, «,— per'me-a-bKe, a.
Allowing passage, especially of fluids.—
per^me-a^tion* n.

per-mls^sloii, per-mish'un, n. The act
of permitting or allowing; license granted.
— jjer-niiB'8i-bl(e» per-mis^stvCe, a.

, "fhat permits. 3. That is permitted.

per-mlt^, psr-mit', vt. & vt. [pbr-mit'-
TBD«*: per-mit'ting.] To give consent
to; allow; give permission. [rant.

per^mtt, pfir'mit, n. Permission or war-

per'^mu-ta'tlon, pgr"miu-t§'shun, n.
Arrangement of a number of things in
every possible order; interchange.

per-nrcious, pgr-nish'ns, a. Having
power to destroy or injure.

per^pen-dlc'u-lar, pfir'pgn-dic'yu-lor.
I. a. Upright; vertical: meeting a given
line at right angles. II. n. A nerpen-
dicnlar line. — per'^pen-dlc"u-lar1-ty, n.

per^pe-trate, psr'p§-tret, vt. [-tra'-
TED**; -tra'ting.] To do, or carry through,
in a bad sense; be guilty of .—per '^pe- trac-
tion, n.— per^pe-tra'ctor, n.

per-pet'u-al, pfir-pech'u-al or -pet'yu-al,
a. Continuing without ceasing; incessant;
ceaseless; endless, -ly, odt).— per-pet'u-
ate, vt. [-A'TKDd; -a'ting.] To make per-
petual.— per-pel''n-a'tioii,n.— per'^pe-
tu'l-ty, psr'pf-tlG'I-tl, n. [-tibs«, pi.}
Something perpetual; unending time.

per-plex^S pgr-plex', vt. To subject to
doubt or difficulty in determining; confuse;
puzzle; bewilaer. — per-plex'i-ty, n.
f-TiES«, pl.'\ A perplexed condition; bewil-

per^qul-slt(e, p^r'cwi-zit, n. Any profit
from service beyond salary or wages.

per'se-cute, per's§-kifit, vi. [-cu'ted«»;
-cu'TiNG.] To injure or afflict, as on ac-
count of religious belief ; harass.- per^se-
cu^tlon, n. The act of persecuting; oppres-
sion.— pei^8e-cu''toi%n.

a, sterile flowers; b,

per''»e-vere', pfir'sg-vlr', vi. [-vered';
-ver'ing.] To keep steadily on in doing
or striving; persist; continue.— per^se-
ver'ance, n.

per-slm^mon, pfir-sim'en, rt. The
plum-like J fruife. of an

' American -tree, astrin-
gent until exposed to
frost; also, the tree.

per - iBlst'*" , pfir-sist',
vi. To adhere ^pmly
to any coarse, design,
elj;.; continue fixed;
endure.— per - sist ' -
ence* n. per-sist^-
en-cy t.— per - sist'-
ent, a. 1. Firm and
persevering In a course
or resolve. 2. Enduring; permanent.

per^son, pgr'sun or -sn, n. 1 • A human
being; an individual. 2, The body of a
human being, or its characteristic appear-
ance. — per'soii-age, n. 1. A man or
woman, especially one of rank. 2. An as-
sumed character.— per^son-al, a. 1 . Per-
taining to or done by a particular person.
2. Characteristic of human beings,— per^-
son-aPi-ty, n. [-tie8», pU 1, That
which constitutes a person. 2. Anything
said of a person, especially If dispai-aglng.—

Per'son-al-lyf adv.— per^son-ai-tyt n.
ersonal property.— per'son-ate. vt.
[-A'TEDd; -acting.] To assumc the charac-
ter of; Impersonate.- per"«on-a'tlon, n.
The act of personating; Impersonation, es-
pecially false Impersonation.— per'son-a''-
tor, n.— per-son'i-fy, vt. [-fikd; -fy'-
iNG.] To attribute human qualities to (some-
thing inanimate, an abstraction, etc.); repre-
sent or refer to as a person.- per-8on"i-li-
ca'tion, n.— per'^son^'neF, pfir'sun'nel',
n. The persons collectively employed In
any service.

per-spec^tlv(e, psr-spec'tiv. I. a. Per-
taining to or drawn in perspective. II. n.
1 . The art of delineatmg solid objects on
a flat surface, so that they shall appear in
relief like the real objects. 2. A distant
view; vista.

per'-'spl-ca'clous, psr'spi-k§'shus, a.
Keenly discerning.- per'^spi-cac'I-ty, n.
Mental penetration.

per-splc'u-ous, per-spic'yu-us, a. Clear
to the mind; readily understood; clear;
lucid, -ly, adv. -ness, n.— per'-'apl-cu'-
l-ty, n. Clearness of expression or style;

per-splre', p^r-spair', vt. & vi. [per-
spired'; PER-spiR^iNG.] To sweat.— per"-
spi-ra'tion, n. The act of perspiring;

per-8uade^, psr-swfid^ vt. & vi, [pbr-

Or; flntggre (future); aisle; au (owt); ©11; c (k); cliat; dh (<Ae); go; sine, 1^1^; tiiin.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



sua'ded*; pbr-8ua'ding.] To influence
by entreaty or reasoning; win over; con-
1„»^ i...ii_. -Bf-sua'sion,

f persuading.

. . Bed. 3. Per-

BuaslyeneBS.— per-8ua^8iT(et a. Having
power or tending to persuade, -ly, adv,
— per-sna^si ve-nes8, n. Power or tend-

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