James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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speak, or do something as a preface.
preface, n. A brief introduction at the
beginning of a book; anything Introduc-
tory. — prePa-to-ry, a.
prefect, prefect, n. A Boman governor;
the head of a French department.— pre'-
fec>tare« n. The office, jurisdiction, prov-
ince, or official residence of a prefect,
pre-fer', prg-fgr', t'<. [pbe-ferbed; pre-
rER'RiNQ.] 1. To esteem above others;
like better. 2. To advance; nominate;
appoint. 3. To offer,— prefer-a-bl(e,o.
Worthy to be preferred.— pref'er-a-bly,
adv.— pref ^er-ence. n. The act of pre-
ferring, the state of being preferred, or that
which is preferred.— pre-fer^inent, n.
Advancement; promotion.
pre-flg'ure, pr§-fig'yur or -ytjr, v(. To
represent beforehand by figures or types.

— pre-flff'^ur-a^tion, n. pre-fig'nre-
pre-flx'», pr§-flx', vt. To put before or at

the beginning.
pre'flx, prl'flx, n. That which is prefixed;

the first element of a word.
preg/nan-cy, preg'nan-si, n. The state of
being with young or with child.— preg'-
nant, a. Bearing young; fruitful; prolific.
pre-ben^Bl-bKe, prg-hen'si-bl, a. Capa-
ble of being apprehended or grasped.

pre-lien'sll(e, pre-hea'sfl, a. Adapted
for grasping or holcung.

pre'^ls-tor'lc, pri'ms-tor'ic, o. Belong*
ing to the time before written history.

pre-Judxe', pri-juj', vt. To judge In ad*
vance; determine oi* condemn hastily.
— pre-judgement, n.

prej'a-dlce, prej'u-dis. I. vt. [-diced*;
-Dic-iNG.] 1 . To imbue with prejudice or
aversion. 2. To impair or injure. II. n.

• 1 . A premature opinion, favorable or un-
favorable; prepossession* bias. 2. Detri-
ment; injury.— pfcj'^u-dl'cial, a. Having
power or tendency to prejudice.

prel'ate, prel'§t, n. One of a higher order
of clergy, as a bishop.— prePa-cy, prel'a-
8l, n. [-ciES«, JO/.] 1. The system of church

f:ovemment by prelates. *}. The dignity or
unction of a prelate.— pre-lat^ic, a. Of
or pertaining to a prelate or to prelacy.

pre'ltm^I-na-ry, prg-lim'i-ng-ri. I. a.
Antecedent or introductory. II. n. [-rie8«,
pi.] An initiatory step; a preparatory act.

pre-lnde^, prg-liud' or -lud', vt. & vi.
[pRE-Lu'DBD'*; pre-lu'ding.] To begin
with apreludej precede.— pre'Iu'^der, n,

preclude, prt'liQd or -Ifld, or preryfid, n.
1. An o»ening strain or piece in music.
ft. Anything introductory; a precursor.

pre^ma-ture', prt'ma-tiGr', a. Happen-
ing or done before the proper time; un-
timely, -ly, atfv.— pre''ma-tu'rl-ty, n.
pr e^ma- 1 n r e^n es»U

pre-med^l-tate, pre-med'i-tgt, vt. & vi.
[-ta'tbd"; -ta"ting.j To plan or medi
tate beforehand.- pre-med''l-ta'tlon. n.

pre'nil-er, prl'mi-gr. I. a. First in place
"' II. n. '-' ^-.^^-

or time.

A prime minister.

pre-mfse^, prg-maiz', vt. [pre-mised';
PRB-Mi'siNG.] To state in advance; pro-
pound as premises.

prem^lsCe, prem'is, n. 1 . A proposition
laid down as a basis of reasoning. 2. pi.
A distinct portion of land with its appur-

pre'iiil-uiii,.prl'mi-um, n. 1. A reward
for excellence. 2* A price paid for insur-
ance, etc. ; rate, as on stocks, above par.

pre''*mo-nt'tton, prfmo-nish'un, n. A
forewarning; presage. — pre-mon^-to-ry,
a. Giving premonition; forewaminje.

pre-oc'cu-py, pr§-©c'yu-pai, vt. To oc-
cupy in advance; prepossess; prejudice.

— pre-oc'-'cu-pa'tion, w. [ordain.
pre'^or-daln', prfer-d^n', vt. To fore-
pre-pare', prg-par', vt. & vi. [pre-
pared'; pre-par'ing.] To make ready
beforehand; provide; equip; adapt.

— prep'^a-ra'tion, prep'a-rS'shun, n.
The act of preparing; the state of being pre-

dr; fl11t|9re (fatnre); aisle; an (out); oil; c (k); cbat; dli (the); go; sing, iqik; tbla

Digitized by LjOOQ l€



pared; somethlag that Is prepared.— pre*

Sar^a-to-ry, a. 1. Serving as a prepara-
on. *!i. Occupied In preparation, pre-

pre-pense', prg-pens', a. Held or cher-
tehed beforehand; premeditated.

pre-pon'der-ate, prg-pen'dgr-fit, vi.
[-A'TBD«*; -A'TiNG.] TO 06 Buperior in
weight, influence, or power: often followed
by over. — pre-poiKder-ance, n. pre-
pon^er-ant, a. Superior; overbalancing.

prep^o-st'tlon, prep'o-zish'un, n. The
part of speech that denotes the relation of
an object to an action or thing, -al, a.

pre"po«-«e««'t, prt'p^z-zes' or -pee-ses',
vt. To make a first impression on, espe-
cially a favorable impression; take first
possession of.— pre'^pos-seas'lng. pa. In-
SDlrlng a favorable opinion from the begin-
ning.— pre^'^pos-ses^si on, n.

pre-pos^ter-ous, pre-pee'tgr-ns, a. Con-
trary to natare or reason; absurd.

pre-req'aI-Blt(e, pre-rec'wi-zit. I. a.
Required as an antecedent; necessary to
a result. II. n. A necessary antecedent.

pre-rofi^a-tlT(e, prg-reg'a-tiv, n. A pe-
culiar right or privilege, as of f( king.

pre-safi:e^ pre-s6j', vt. & vi. [pre-saged';
pre-sa'gino.] To portend; prophesy.

preB^ase, pres'gj or prl'sfj, n. A prog-
nostic; presentiment; an omen.

pree^by-ter, pres'bi-ter or prez'bi-ter, n.
One of the elders of a church.— Pres^by-
te^rt-an, n. 1 . One who believes In the
government of the church by presbyters, it.
A member of a Protestant Dody, known as
the Presbyterian Churchy that holds to the

fovemment of the church by presbyters,—
•res'^by-te'ri-an.a.— Pres'^by-te'ri-
an-lsm, n.— pres^by-ter'^y , n. [-ik8«,
pl.'X A body of elders In a church or district.

preside nee, pri'shigns, n. Foreknowl-
edge. — pre'aclent, a. Foreknowing.

pre-scribe^, prg-scraib', vt. & vi. [pre-
scribed'; pre-scri'bino.] To direct; or-
der; give directions.

pre-scrt potion, pr§-8crip'8hun, n. 1.
The act of prescribing; that which is pre-
scribed; a physician^B formula for com-
pounding and administering a medicine.
2. Title obtained in law by long possession.
— preHBcrip'tivCei a. Sanctioned by cus-
tom or long use.

pres^ence, prez'gns, n. The state of being
present; personal appearance; bearing.

pre-8ent'<i, prg-zent', vt. To introduce;
bestow; confer a gift upon; give; suggest;
offer.— pre.8ent^a.bl(e, a. Fit to be pre-
sented.— pres^'en-r action, n. The act
or manner of presenting.

pres'ent, prez'gut, a. 1. Being in this

place or in a place specified as where some

event occurs. 2. Now going oq or in

mind; current. 3. Impending; instant

— pres^ent-ly, adv. Soon; shortly.

pres'ent^ prez'gnt, n. 1 . Present time.

2 . The present tense. 3 . A present matter.
prea'ent'. n. A gift. [foreboding.
pre-sen^ti-ment, pr§-sen'ti-msnt, n. A
pre-sent^ment, pr§-zent'm$;nt, n. Pres-
entation; representation; indictment.

pre-serve^ prg-zgrv'. I. vt. & vi. [pre
served'; prb-berv'ing.] To keep',

Srotect; save; put up, as fruit in snear.
I. n. 1. Anything preserved, as fruit
cooked in sugar. 2. A place in which
game is preserved.— pres^'er-va'tlon, n.
The act of preserving, or the state of being:

S reserved.— pre- 8erv^a-tlT(e. I. «•
ervlng or tending to preserve. II. n.

That which serves or tends to preserve.
pre-sfde^, prg-zaid'; vi. [pre-si'dbd"*;

pre-si'dinqTI To sit in authority over

others; act as head or ruler. .
pres'I-dent, prez'i-dgnt, n. One who

presides over an oiganized body; the chief

executive officer of a republic.— presl-

den-cy, n.— pres^l-den^tlal, a.
press*, pres, vt. & vi. [pressed*; pbess'-

iNQ.] 1. To crush; squeeze; compress;

crowd; follow closely. 2. To embrace.

3. To insist upon; urge. 4. Tofimooth,
as with an iron.

presses vt. & vi. To conscript.
press, n. 1 . A crowd or crowding; throng.
2. Hurry; urgency. 3* A movable cloeet.

4. A prmting'press. 5. Newspapers or

gjriodicals collectively.— presi^g, pa.
emandlng Immediate attention.— pres'-
snre, n. The act of pressing, or the state
of being pressed; urgency; rush.

pres'tfsfe, pres'tij or pres-ttzh', n. In-
fluence oased on past achievements.

pre-sume^ prg-zifim', v. [prb-sumei)';
pre-su'ming. J I. ^ 1 . To venture on
without previous permission: followed by
infinitive. 2* To assume as entitled to
belief without proof. II. i. To behave
with arrogance.— pre-8u'ma-bl(e, a. Fair
to suppose; reasonable.- pre-8B'ma-bly«
a<f9.— pre-sump'tien* n. 1. Blind con-
fidence or self-assertion; insolence. '»• Tne
act of taking for granted; that which may
be assumed or taken for granted.— pre-
sump^tiTCe, a. Creating or resting upop
a presumption ; probable.— pre«samp':v"
ou8« a. Unduly confident or bold; auda-
cious; insolent; foolhardy.

pre"siip-pose', prfsup-pOz', vt. To
suppose ill advance; take for granted.
— pre-nup'^po-si'tion, n.

pre-tend^d, prg-tend',tj. \.t. Toslmnlate;

papd, gsk; at, air; el©m$nt, th6y, usege; It, |, fi (ee); o, 5h; orator, or; full, rfile;bot.

Digitized by LjOOQ l€



feign; claim falsely. II. i. 1 . To make be-
lieve, ft. To aasame a character.— pre-
tend'er, n. 1. A claimant. 2. A bypo-
crlte.— pre-tense^y pre-tence', n. The
act of pretending; a pretext: subterfuge;

• claim.— pre-ten^^slon, n. 1. A claim put
forward, whether true or false. *t. Affecta-
tion; display.— pre-ten'tlon s» a. Making
a display: imposing.

pret'er-lt, { pret'gr-it. I. a. Belonging

pret'er-Ite, f to the past. II. n. The
tense that expresses absolute past time.

pre^ter-nat'n-ral, prl'tgr-nach'u-ral or
-nat'ya-ral, a. Beyond what is natural.

pre'text, prt'text or prg-text', n, A fie-
titiona reason or motive.

pret'ty, pr§t'l or prit'i, o. [prbt'ti-er;
pbbt'ti-ebt.] Characterized by delicate
beauty; dainty: pleasing; sweet.— pret^tl-
ly, adv.—prevtUnesB, ».— pret'ty, (idv.
Moderately; somewhat.

pre-valF, pr©-v€l', vi, 1. To triumph:
followed by over. fl» To persuade: fol-
lowed by on or upon. 3 . To spread widely.
— pre-TalFinfff pa. 1 . Current; preva-
lent. 52. Efficacious.- pre T^a-lence.

The act, state, or quality of being prevalent.
— prev'a-lent, a. 1. Widely extended;
common; general. 3. Powerful; efficacious.

— preT^a-lent-ly* adv.
pre-Tar^l-cate, pr§-vai-'i-kgt, vi. [-ca'


. a. 1. Widely extended;

;. 3. Pr • -' -^ — '- -

•ly. "

-e»£r§ - . -

TBD*; -CA'TiNo.] To pcrvcrt or disguise the
tarath; equivocate.— pre- var^-ca^tioii,n.

pro-vent'*, prg-vent', «. I./. To stop in
advance; hinder; check; restrain. II. i.
To take precautionary measures. — pre-
Ten'tlon. n. The act of preventing, or the
state of being prevented.— pre-Tent'iT(e«

p re' vl-o na, prlM-us, a. Being or occur-
ling before something else, -ly, adv.
-ness* n.

pre-Tl'sIon, prg-vizh'un, n. Foresight.

prey, prfi. I. vi. To seize food, as a bird
or beast, by violence; plunder; make a
victim; wear or waste: followed by on or
upon. II. n. hxij animal seized by an-
omer for food; a victim; booty.

price, prais. I. vt, [pbiced*; pri'cing.]
1 . To ask the price or. 2. To set a price
upon. II. n. An equivalent given or
asked In exchange; valuation. — price'-
leas* a. Beyond price; inestimable.

prick*, Vf^^v. \*t. 1 . To pierce; sting;

Soad. 2. To erect (the ears), as a horse.
I. i. To have or cause a stinging sensa-
tion; spur; speed.— piick'er, It.
prick, n. The act of pricking; a point;
goad; puncture.— prick'i(e. 17 vt. <& vi.
fpBiCKL(E)D; PBiCK^LiNG.l To prIck slightly
in many places; have a diffused stinging sen-

sation. 11. n. 1. A small, sharp point, ai
on a thistle. 3. A stinging sensation.-
prtck'ii-ness, n,— prick'ly, a.
pride, proid. I. vt. & vi. [pri^ded*; pri'-
DiNo.] To be proud (of) ; have pride ; exult;

fry. II. n. 1 . Undue self-esteem. 2.
proper sense of personal dignity. 3.
That of which one isnroud. 4. The neight
of excellence. 5. Mettle. 6. Display.

priest, prtst, n. One consecrated to the
service of a divinity.— prlest'ess. n. fern.—
priesthood, n. The priestly office; priests
collectively.- priest'Iy, a.

pris, prig, n. A formal, pedantic person.
— priff^ffish, a.

prim, prim. l,vt.&vi. [primmed; prim'-
MiNo.T To decorate or adjust primly. I],
a. Stiffly proper and neat.— prim'neM, n,

ppl'ma-cy. prai'ma-si, n. [-ciEs«,n^.] 1.
The state of being first. 2. The office of
a primate, prl'mate-slilpt*

prl'mal, prai'mol, a. Primary.

pri'ma-ry, prai'ma-ri, a. Original; first;
fundamental; chief .— prl'ma-rl-Iy, adv,

pri'mate, prai'met, w. Fed. The prelate
highest in rank in a nation or province.

prime, praim. I. vL [primed; pri'-
MiNo.l To make ready; supply with
priming. II. a. First; chief; vigorous;
excellent. III. n. 1. The period be-
tween youth and age; fulness of vigor; fnll
perfection. 2 • The beginning of anything.

prim'eri, prim'er, n. 1. An elemental
reading-book. 2. A size of type.

prl'mer', prai'mgr, n. One who or that
which primes anything, as a gun.

pri-mcTTal, prai-mi'val, a. Belonging to
the first ages; primitive; primal.

pri'mlne, pral'ming, n. The act of one
who primes; powder for igniting the charge
in a firearm; a firs* coat of paipt.

prim'I-tlT(e, prim'i-tiv. I. a. 1. Per-
taining to the beginning; first; earliest. 2.
Old-fashioned. II, n. A primary or radt
cal word. [original; primitive.

pri-mor'dl-al, prcd-m9r'di-al, n. First;

prlm'rose'^jDrim'- ^

rOz',». 1. A flower-
ing perennial plant.
2. A greenish-yel' .
low color.

prince, prins, w. A
male monarch; the
son of a monarch; a
man of exalted rank

S'.Kr^e'?^^: Con.monPr.mro.e.
dignity, or jurisdiction of a prince.—
prince'ly, a.— prin^cess. n. fern.

Gr; flfltf^re (future); aisle; an (out); oil; e (k); ckat; dh (the); go; sing, i^; tkin.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



prln^cl-pal, prin'ei-pal. I. a. First;
chief. II. n. 1. A principal person; lead-
er; head. 2. Property or capital; a sum on
which interest accrues, -ly, adv.

prln'^cl-pal'1-ty, -pal'i-ti, n. [-ties',
plJ] The territory of a reigning pnnce.

prlii^cl-pl(e, prin'si-pl, n. 1. A cause;
essence. 2. Ajgeneral truth; rule of action,
especially of right action.

prlnt<>, print. 1, vt. & vi. To mark, as
by pressure; impress; copy by a printing-

{>re88; publish. II. n. An impression;
mprint; anything printed, as a newspaper
or calico.— print 'er, fz.— print ^Ing, f?.
The act of printing or that which is printed.
— print'i Off tpress^, n. A press by which
priDting, as of books and papers. Is done.

prl'or, prai'er. I. a. Preceding; previous.
II. n. A monastic officer next below an
abbot.— pri'or-ess, n. fern.— pri'or-y, n.
[PRi'OR-iES>,p/.] A convent under chargre
of a prior or prioress.

prl-or'l-ty, prcd-er'i-ti, n. Antecedence;

prism, prizm, n. A solid whose bases are
similar equal and parallel plane figures,
and whose faces are parallelograms; spec-
trum. -prls- mafic, a. Pertaining to,
shaped like, or formed by a prism ; exhibit-
ing rainbow tints, pris-mat^ic-alt*

pris'on, priz'n. I. vt. To iniprison. II.
n. A place of confinement; jail.— prls'on-
er, n. A captive; one held In custody.

prls^tln(e, prls'tin, a. First; primeval.

pri'va-cy, prcd'va-si, n. [-cie8«,J!>?.] Se-
crecy; seclusion.

prl^Tate, prai'vet or -v0t. I. a. Retired;
secluded; secret; restricted; personal;
without rank. II. n. A common soldier.
— pri"va-teer', prdi'va-tlr*, n. A pri-
vate vessel commissioned to prey on an
enemy's commerce; also, a person conduct-
ing or serving on such a ship.

prl- Taction, prai-vfi'shun, n. Desti-
tution; deprivation.— priv'a-tlv(e. 1. a.
Depriving; negative. II. n.
A prefix giving a negative

prlT'et, priv'§t, n. An or-
namental hedge-plant.

prlT'1-lese, priv'i-l§j. I.

vt. [-LEGBD* -LBG-INO.] To

rnt a privilege to. II. n.
right or advantage en-
joyed by certain persons
priv'y, priv'i, a. Having p-ivpt
private knowledge; secret; ^T^'vei.
private. — prlv'i-ly, otft?.- prl v'i - ty , n.
prize, praiz. l.vt. To value; esteem. II.

n. Anything won or to be won in a cod-
test; a reward.

prob'a-bl(e, preb'a-bl, a. Likely to be
true or to happen; credible. — iHPob*a-Ml'-
i-ty, n. [-TiE8«,p/.] The state of being prob-
able; a probable event or statement.— prob'- ■
a-bly, adv.

pro^bate, pro'bgt or -b0t, n. Formal, legal
proof, as of a will.

pro-ba'tlon, pro-b6'shim, n. A period
of trial ; novitiate.— pro-ba'tion-a-ry, a.
— pro-ba'tion-er, n. One who is on pro-
bation; a novice.

probe, prob. I. vi. [pbobed; pbo'bing.]
To explore with a probe; search; scruti-
nize. II. n. An instrument for exploring
the course of wounds, etc.

prob'I-ty, preb'i-ti, n. Tried integrity;
strict honesty.

prob^lem, prob'lem, n. A perplexing
question.— prob'^lem-at'lc, a. -alj.

pro-bo s'cla, pro-bes'sis or -cis, n. [-ci-
DKs, -si-dlz or -ci-d6s, pi.] An animals

pro-ce^dnre, pro-st'jur or -std'ytlr, n.
A method of proceeding; a course of action.

pro-ceed'<*, pro-std', t;i. 1. To go on:
continue. St. To issue or come, as from
some source.— pro-ceed'ing, n. 1. An
act or course of action. *>i. p/. The records
of meetings, as of a society.— pro^ceeds*
«. pi. Product; return; yield.

proe^esB, presses, n. 1. A course or meth-
od of operations; progress; course. 2. An
outgrowth; appenaage. 3 . A judicial writ.

pro-ees'sion, ;/ro-sesh'un, n. 1. An
array, as of persons, moving in order; train;
array. 2. The act of proceeding.

pro-claim^, pro-cl§m', vt. To annonnce

alond or in a public manner; promulgate.

— proc^ia-ma'tlon, n. 1, The act of

proclaiming. 2. That which Is proclaimed.

pro-cllT'I-ty, pro-cliv'i-ti, n. [-tibs*,/^.]
Natural disposition; propensity; inclina-

pro-eras'cl-nate, pro-cras'ti-n6t, r^ &

vi. [-NA'TED**; -NA'TING.] To put off;

defer; delay.— pro-cras'-'fl-na'tlon, n.—
pro-cras^ti-na'^ter, w.

pro'cre-ate<», prO'crg-6t, vt. To beget.
— pre'^cre-a^tlon, n. — pre'cre-a'-
tlT(e, a.

proc'tor, proc't^r, n. An attorney;
proxy; minor officer of a collie.

pro-cure', pro-kiflr', vt [pro-cumd';
pro-cur'inq.1 To come into posses-
sion of by effort; bring about; get: ob-
tain.— pro-cur'a-blCe, pro-kiflr'a-bi, a.

prod, pred. I. vt. [prod'dbd**; pbod-

papd, ask; at, air; element, th6y, usfge; It, |, i (ee) ; o, oh; oratj^r, or; full, rllle; bot.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



DING.] To punqli; poke. II. n. 1. A
pointed instrameDt. 2. A thrast: punch.

prod^l-Sal, pred'i-gol. I. a. Wasteful;
profuse. II. n. One \vho is wasteful or
profligate, -ly, adv. — prod'^l-gaPi-ty,
n. r-TiE8«,pi.]

prod'I-g:y, pred'i-ji, n. [-gie8«, pi.]
Something extraordinary; a wonder; mon-
strosity.— pro-dig^oiui, a. Enormous; ex-
traordinary; excessive, mly, adv. -nesSfn.

pro-duce', pro-diGs', v. fpRO-DucKD't;
PRO-Du'ciNG.J 1,1. 1 . To bring into ex-
istence; cause; make; result in. 2. To bring
forth; yield; bear. II. i. To be productive.
— pro-dn^cer, n.— pro«dtt^cl-bl(e« a.

prod'uce, pred'ius or -yds, n. sing. &
pi. A product; farm-products collectively.

prod^nct, pred'uct, n. Anything pro-
duced; result obtained by multiplication.
— pro-dnc'tlon, n. 1. The act or proc-
ess of producing. H, That which Is pro-
duced.— pi*o-dttc'ttT(e« a. Producing or
tending to produce; fertile; remunerative.
•ly, adv. -nesis, n.

pro'em, prO'em^ n. An introduction.

pro-fl'clent, pro-fish'gnt. I. a. Thor-
oughly versed, as in art. II. n. An ex-
pert; adept.— pro- fi'clen-cy, n.

pro'file, pro'fil or pro'fail, n. An outline,
as of a face seen from the side; side-view.

prof'lt««, profit, v. I. t. To be of profit
to. II. i. 1. To obtain profit. 2. To
be of advantage.

profit, n. 1. Valuable return from la-
bor; benefit; gain. 2. Excess of returns
over outlay.— prof 'll-a-bl(e, a. Remu-
nerative; advantageous.— proPU'-le(4H, a.

prof^ll-gate, pref'li-get or -ggt. I. a.
Abandoned to vice. 11. n. A depraved
or abandoned person.— proPll-ga-cy, n.

pro-found'* pro-faund', a. Deep; com-

plete: thorough; abstruse. — pro-fun'di-ty,
n. The state of being profound, pro-

pro-fuse', pro-fills', a. Abundant; copi-
ous; overflowing. »ly, adv. -ness, n.—
pro-fu^sioBt n. Exuberance; prodigality.

pro-seii'1-tor, pro-jen'i-tgr, n. A fore-
father or parent.

prog'e-ny, prej'§-ni, n. Offspring.

prog-no'sts, preg-nO'sis, w. A predic-
tion, afi to the result of injury or illness.—
proff-nos'tic. I. a. Relating to progno-
sis; foreshowing. II, n. A sign of some
future occurrence; an omen.— prog-nos^«
ti>cate« vt. & vi. [-ca'tbd^; -ca'ting.] 1,
To foretell. 2. To be an omen of.— prog-
nos^'ti-ca^tion.* n.

pro'gram, f prO'gram, n. A list of

pro'f^ramme, f exercises, as for an en-
tertainment; any prearranged plan.

pro-gress'S pro-gres% vt. &vt. To move
forward; grow; gain; advance; improve.

prog'ress, preg'res, n. A moving for-
ward; advancement.— pro-gres^sion, n.
The act of progressing; advancement.— pr o-
ffress^iT(e. a.

pro-hlb'ttS pro-hib'it, vL To forbid;
interdict; hinder.— pro^'hi-bl'tlon, n.—
The act of prohibiting anything, as the sale
of Intoxicants.— pro'^^fai-bi'tion-istf n.
One who favors prohibition.— pro-fa ib^it*
lv(e, a. Tending to prohibit. pro-htb'«

pro-ject">, pro-iect', v. 1, t. 1. To
shoot forth; send out. 2. To contrive or
plan. II. i. To stand out; jut out.—

rro-ject'il(e. I. a. Impelling forward.
f • n. A missile; shot.- pro-jec'tieii« n.
The act of projecting; a prominence;
scheme: project; map or drawing showing
something as in relief.— pro-Jee for, n.

proj'ect, proj'ect, n. A plan; scheme.

pro- Iff Ic, ijro-lif'ic, a. Producing
abundantly; fertile.

pro'llx, prO'lix or pro-lix', a. Using or
containing too many words; verbose; tedi-
ous.- pro-Iix'l-ty, n. pro-Ilx'ne88$.

pro'log(ue, pro'leg, n. An introduction
or preface, as to a poem.

pro-long', pro-leng' or -ISng', vt. To
lengthen.— pro"lon-ga'tloii, n.

prom^en-ade', prem'en-fld'. I. vi.
[-a'ded**; -a'ding.] To take a promenade.
II. n. 1. A walk for amusement or ex-
ercise. 2. A place for promenading.

prom'I-nent, prem'i-ngnt, a. Jutting
out; projecting; conspicuous; eminent.

— prom'i-nence, w. The state of being
prominent: something prominent, -cyj,

pro-mls'cu-ons, pro-mis' kiu-us, «.
Mixed; indiscriminate. -Iy,oc??'. -nem,n.

Or; flQtlf^re (future); aisle; an (out); ell; e (k); cl^at; db (the); go; 8ing,iqLk; thXQt

Digitized byLjOOQlC



prom'lse, prem'is. I. vt. & vi. [prom'-
lasD*; PROM'is-iNG.] 1. To agree to do
or not to do. 2. To afford hope or expec-
tation. II. n. 1 . A declaration binding
to do or not to do a specified act. 2.
Seasonable ground for hoi>e or expecta-
tatioD. 3. ^mething promised. — prom^-
is-BO'^ry, a. Containing a promise; of the
nature of a promise.

prom ' on - to '^ r jr, prem'on-to'ri, n.
[-RiE8«, pi.] A high point of land extend-
ing into the sea; an^dland.

pro-mote^ pro-mot', vt. [pro-mo'tbd*;
pro-mo'tino.I 1. To foster; encourage;
advance. 2. To raise to greater dignity or
honor. — pro-mo^ter, n. — pro-mo^tion, n.

prompt, prompt. I<>. vt. To incite; in-
stigate; help by suggestion; suggest. II.
a. Acting, or ready to act, at the mo-
ment, -ly, adv. -neas, n.— prompt'er, n.
— prompt'i-tttde* n. Promptness; readi-
ness; alertness.

pro-muFgate, pro-mnPg§t, vt. T-ga'-
TBD<»; -QA'TiNo.j To aunouncc officially;
make known.— pro'^niul-ga^tioii, n.

prone, prOn, a. 1. Lying flat or with
face downward; prostrate. 2. Inclined;
strongly dispos^.

prons, preng, n. A sharp-pointed instru-
ment, as a tine of a fork or the like.

pro'nonn, pro'naun, n. A word used

■ insteadofanoun.— pro-noni'i-nal,a. Of,
pertaining to, or like a pronoun.

pro-nonnce^, pro-nouns', vt. & vi.
Ipro-nounced'»; pro-noun 'cing.] To
articulate; utter formally; declare.— pro-
noanced^ pa. Of marked character; de-
cided.— pro-nnu'^ei-a^tion, pro-min'sl-
e'sbun or -shl-e'shun, n. The act or manner
of pronouncing words.

proof, prOf. I. a. 1, Employed in or
connected with proving or correcting. 2.
Firm^ impenetrable. 3. Of standard al-
coholic strength. II. n. 1 . The act of
proving; convincing evidence. 2. The
standanl strength or alcoholic liquors. 3.
A printed trial-sheet, as for correction.

prop, prop. I, vt. [propped*; prop'-
piNG.] To support so as to keep from fall-
ing; sustain. II. n. A support.

prop^a-gate, prop'a-gfit, v. [-ga'ted"*;

-GA'TiNG.l I. t. To generate; produce;

spread- diffuse; disseniinate. II. i. To

be produced or multiplied by generation.

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