James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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Online LibraryJames Champlin FernaldConcise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... → online text (page 60 of 88)
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lowed by 24 ciphers.

A word of four syllables.

quad-roon', cwed-rfin', n. A person
having one-fourth negro and three-fourths
white olood.

©r; fiatg^ie (future); aisle; an (out); oil; c (k); cliat; dh «Ae); go; sing, l^k; tlilD.

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qnad-rn'ma-na, cwed-rQ'ma-na, n. pi.
An order of four«handed animals, incla-
ding monkeys.— quad- ru^'ma- nous, a.
Four-handed, as monkeys.

qnad'ru-ped, cwed'ru-ped. I. a. Hav-
ing four feet. II. w. An animal having
four feet.— quad-ru^ped.al, a.

qaad^ru-pl(e, cwoa'ru-pl. I. vt. & vi.
[-PLfE)D: -PLiNG.] To make or become
quadruple. II. a. Consisting of or multi-
plied by four.— quad^ru-plex, a. Fourfold.

quafi*S cwgf, vt. & vi. To drink freely.

quag'gy, cwag'i, a. Yielding; boggy.

quag^mlre'^, cwag'mair', n. Marshy
ground that gives way under the foot; bog.

quatl, cw§l, vi. To shrink from facing
trial or pain; cower; lose heart.

quail, n. A small game bird ; a bob'white
or the like.

quaint, cw§nt, a.
Pleasingly odd or

-ly, adv. -nesB.

quake, cw§k. I.
vi, [quaked*;
qua'king.] To
shake; tremble.
II. 71. A sha-
king, tremulous
motion.— qua^-
ker, n. 1. One
who quakes. 3,

European Migratory
Quail. lA

Quail, y^

[Q-] A member of the Society of Friends.
qnaFi-fy, cwel'i-foi, v. [-fied; -pt'ing.]

1. ^ 1 . To fit for an office or occupation.

2. To limit or modify; mitigate; restrict.
II. i. To prepare for entering upon a
function, employment, etc. — quaPl-fl-ca^-
tion, n. 1. The act of qualifying. 2. That
which fits a person or thing for something.
3* A restriction; mitigation.

qual^i-tT, cwel'i-ti, n. [-ties*, pl.^ 1,
Essential property; characteristic. 2. De-
gree of goodness. 3. Capacity.

qualm, cwdm, n. 1 . A feeling of sick-
ness. ^. A twinge of conscience.

quan'da-ry , cwon'da-ri, n. [-ries», pi."]
A state of hesitation or perplexity.

quan'tl-ty, cw©n'ti-ti, n. [-ties', pi."] A
certain mass, volume, or number; an object
having assignable dimensions or amount.

quar^an^tlne^. cwer'an-ttn', n. The
temporary isolation of persons, ships, or
goods liable to bring contagious disease;
also, a place for such isolation.

quar'rel, cwer'el. I. vi. [-reled or
-belled; -rel-ing or -rel-ling.] To dis-
pute; fall out; disagree. II. n. An an-

gry, or violent dispute; also, thecaoaeof
dispute.— quar'rel-some, a.

quar'ry, cwer'i, vt. [quar'ried; quar
RY-iNG.] To take, as stone, fromaquam

quar'ry^n. [quar'ries',/}/.] Anexcava-
tion from which stone is cut.

quar'ry^, n. A hunted beast or bird;
game; prey.

quart, cwftrt, n. The fourth part of a
gallon, or two pints; a vessel containing
this amount.

quar^ter, cwSr'tgr, vt. To divide or
separate into four equal parte; tofurnisli
with quarters; lodge.

quar^tcr^ n. 1 . One of four equal parts
of anything. 2. One of the four principal
points of the compass. 3 . A place; locality;
assigned position; lodging. — quar'ter*!
day", n. A day when quarterly payments
become due.— q.sdeck,n. Naut. Theele
vated rear part of the deck of a war*TCSSol:
for officers only .—quar'ter-Iy. I.o. !•
Containing af ourth part. 2. Occurrlngonce
every three months. II, n. [-libs«,j;/.j A
quarterly publication. III. adp. 1, Once
in a quarter of a year. 2. In or by quarters.
— €iuar'ter-ina8'''ter, n. 1, A staff*
oflfcer, having charge of providing quarters,
Issuing supplies, etc. *2« Naut. A petty
officer whA assists the navigator, etc.

quar^ter^, n. Mercy shown in sparing
the life of a defeated enemy.

quar'tern, cwSr'tgm, «. [Eng.] A fourth
part, as of certain measures or weights; a
four-pound loaf, quartern loal^.

qua r- tet', cw5r-tet', n. Four things of a
kind; a musical composition for four
voices or instroments, or the four persons
who render it. quar-tette^t.

quar^to, cwSr'tO. I. a. Ha\'ing fonr
leaves to the sheet. II. n. A book or
pamphlet whose pages are of the size of the
fourth of a sheet.

quartz, cw&rts, n. A hard mineral, com-
mon in rocks, as in granite.

quash, cwesh, vt. To set aside, as an in
dictment; suppress forcibly or summarilv.

quas'sl-a, cwashlaorcwesh'i-o, n. The
wood of the bitter ash; used as a tonic.

qua-ter'na-ry, cwa-t«r'na-ri, a. 1. Con-
sisting of four things.- 2* Fourth in order.

qua-ter^nl-on, cwa-tgr'ni-un, n. A set
system, or file of four.

qua'ver, cwe'vgr. I. vt. & vi. To sing
tremulously; have a tremulous sound or
motion ; trill . 1 1 . n A tremulous motion ;
a shake; trill; an eighth note.

quay, kt, n. A wharf; pier.

queen, cwtn, n. 1 . The wife of a kiug; ^
female sovereign of a kingdom; a woman

papa, 98k; at, ftir; cl^mfint, they, usfge; It, |, i (ee); o, oh; ©rat^jr, «r; full, rule; but.

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preeminent in a given sphere. 2. The
most powerful piece in chess. 3. The

-' female of ants, bees, etc. — queen^'ly, a.

queer, cvvir, a. Singular; odd; eccen-
tric; quaint, -ly, adv. -ness, n.

qnell, cwel, vt. To subdue, as by force;
put down; calm.

qnencliS cwench, vt. To put out, as fire;
subdue, as passion; extinguish.

que^ristv cwrrlst, n. An inquirer.

qoer^n-louB, cwer'u-lus, a. Complain-
ing, -ly, adv. -ness, n.

qne'ry, cwl'ri. I. vt. & vi. [que'ried;
^ue'ry-ing.] To question; doubt; make
inquiry. II. n. [que'ries*, pi,] An
inquiry to be answered; a doubt; inter-
rogation, [search.

qnest, cwest, n. The act of seel^ing;

ques'tlon, cwes'chmi. I. vt. & vi. To
put a question to; make inquiry; doubt.

II. n. 1 . A sentence calling for an an-
swer; an inquiry. 2. A controversy;
difference; objection. 3. A proposition
under discussion. — quea^tlon-a-bi(e. a.
Liable to be called In question; doubtful.

queue, kiQ, n. A pendent braid of hau-
on the back of the head; a pigtail.

quib^bl(e, cwib'l. I. vi. [quib'bled;
quib'bling.] To use evasions; play upon
words. II. n. An evasion; equivocation.

quick, cwic. I. a. 1. Done in a short
time; rapid; swift: alert; sprightly. 2.
Irritable. 3. Havm^ life. 11, n. That
which has life; any vital or sensitive part.

III. adv. Quickly; rapidly. - quick'en,
vt.&vi. 1, To make or become alive. 2.
To make quicker; accelerate. — qnick'-
lime'^ n. Unslaked lime. — qmck^ly,
adv. In a quick manner.— quicken ess, n.
— quick'sand'% n. A bed of sand so
water-soaked as readily to enj^nlf any person
or animal that attempts to rest upon it.-
iquick'8il'''ver, n. 1. Metallic mercury.
S. An amalgam of tin, used for the backs of

quid, cwid, n. 1. A small portion of
chewing-tobacco. 2. A cud, as of a cow.

<inld'dl-ty, cwid'i-ti, n. [-ties', »/.] 1 .
The essence of a thing. 2. A trifling dis-

qnl'et, cwai'et. I«». vt. & vi. To bring to
a state of rest; become still. II. a. Being
in a state of repose; silent; tranquil; gentle.
III. n. Freedom from motion, noise,
etc.; calm.— qul-es'cence, n. The state
of being quiescent.— qui-es'cent, a. 1,
Being In a state of. repose. 2» Resting free
from anxiety.— qni^et-ly, adt>.— q ui'et-
ness, n. The state or fact of being quiet.—
qai'e-tnde.ra. Quietness.— oui-e'tus, n.
A silencing; deatb; repose; quittance.

qull(l, cwil, vt. To make or iron (a fabric)
with rounded plaits or ridges.

qulld, n. 1 . A large, strong feather of a
bird; a hollow, sharp spine of a porcupine.
2. A pen. 3. A rounded ridge, or fold,
as in a rufile.

quilt, cwilt. I<». vt. & vi. To stitch
througl^ and through at intervals or in
lines or figures. II. n. A bedcover
made by stitching together two layers of
cloth with padding between them.

quince, cwins, n. A small tree of the rose
family; also, its fruit, used for preserves.

quln'ln, (cwin'in or cwin'ain, n. A

qu Inline, f bitter alkaloid contained in
cinchona^bark, or its salts:
used for malarial affections,

qutn-quen'nl-al,a. Oc-
curring every five years;
lasting for five years.

qulii'sy,cwin'zi,n. In-
flammation of the ton- ^
Bils. ^

quln^tal, cwin'tal, n. <s
1. A mass of 100 kilo- ^
grams. 2. A hundred- ,
weight J

cwin-tes'ens, n. A con-
centrated extract; the Branch of Cincho-
very essence ^^ Calisapa, a

qutn-tet^' Icwin- source of Qulnln.

quln-tette^, itet', n. "'iteiSr/'ft^iV*
A musical composition ^"^* ^^
arranged for five voices or instruments;
also, the five persons performing it.

quln-tll^lon, cwin-til'ymi, n. In the
French fU. S.) system of numeration, 1
followed oy 18 ciphers; in the English sys'
tem, 1 followed by 30 ciphers.

quln'tu-ple, cwin'tiu-pl. I. vt. & vi.

tPL(E)D: -PLiNG.] To multiply by five.
I. a. Multiplied by five. [mark.

qnip, cwlp, n. A sneering or mocking re-
quire, cwoir, n. 24 (or 25) sheets of
paper. [caprice.

quirk, cwgrk, n. A short turn; twist;
quit, cwit. I. vt. & vi. [quit or quit'-
TBD«i; quit'ting.I 1. To cease or desist;
let go; forsake; abandon. 2. To acquit;
free or clear. II. a. Discharged; released;
clear: free. — qult^'claim''^. 1. vt. To re-
linquish or give up all claim or title to. II,
n. A full release and acquittance given by
one to another.— qnit'tance, n. 1, Dis-
charge or release. 2» Recompense.
quite, cwait, adv. 1. To the fullest ex-
tent; fully: totally. 2, To a great extent;

or; flntgQre (future); aisle; au (put); oil; c (k); chat; dh (the); go; siuff, i^k; tUin.

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qlilT^er, cwiv'gr, vi. To moye with a
tremulous motion; tremble.

qulT^eri, n. A portable case for arrows.

qwlv'er^, n. The act of quiver-
ing; a shaking.

qnlx-ot'lc, cwix-et'ic, a. Ridic-
ulously chivalrous or romantic.

qulz,cwiz. l.vt.&vi. [quizzed;
QUiz'ziNo.] 1. To make game
of. 2. To peer at. 3. To examine
by questions. II. n, 1. An ab-
surd or puzzling question or sug-
gestion. 2. One given to quiz-
zing.— qulz^zl-cal, a. Oulver

qnolt. cweit, n. 1. A disk of '^"^^®^-
iron, for pitching. 2. pi. A game played
by throwing these disks at a short stake.

qnon'dam, cwen'dam, a. Former.

qao'ram, cwO'nnn, n. 1. Number of
members necessary for the transaction of
business. 2. [Eng.] Certain designated
justices of the peace.

quo'ta, cwO'ta, n. A proportional part or

quote, cwot, vL & vi. [quo'ted**: quo'-
TING.] 1. To repeat, as the words of a
book orof a speaker; to cite; make a quo-
tation. 2. To give the market price of.
— qao'ta-bl(e. a.— quo«ta'tion9 n, 1.
The act of quoting. 2. The words or price

quoth llf cwOth, vt. Said or spoke.

quo^tlent, cwO'shent n. Math. The
result obtained by divisioii.


t, r, dr, n. [ars, H^b, or Ba, CLTz.,pl.]
eighteenth letter in the English alphal

raVbet, rab'gt. I**, vt. Joinery. To cut
a rectangular groove
in. II. n. A groove
cut to receive the edge
of an adjoining piece;


sh title.—

mob: the
ith rabies;
-ly, adv.

carnivore related to the bear, ra-coo n^f .
race, rgs, vt. & vi.


To move or cause to
move swiftlv; match
or contend in a con-
test of speed.

race^ n. A series of
descendants from
common ancestry;
lineage; pedigree.

racea, n. 1. A trial Raccoon,
of speed. 2. Move-
ment; career. 3. Asluice.— race'scourse''',
n. A track over which a race is run.



ra-ceme^ ra-stm', n. A cluster of flow-
ers arranged at intervals on a stem.^
rac^e-mo8e^« ras'e-mOs'. a,

ra^clal, rd'siol or re'shicd, a. Pertaining
to or characteristic of race or descent.
-ly, adv. [tear; strafn.

rack", rac, vt. To torture; pain; stretch;

rack^t^ f}l^ To draw off from the lees, as

racK»S vt. To mo7e, as a horse, with the
gait called rack.

rack*, n. 1. A machine for stretcli-
ing or straining; an instrument of torture
by which the limbs were stretched or
strained. 2. An open grating or frame-
work. 3. A bar having teeth tliat engage
with those of a gear-wheel.

raek^, n. A quadruped's motion resem-
bling the pace, two feet on a side being
moved at once. f vapor.

rack^, n. Thin, flying clouds; any floating

racks n. Same as wrack : obsolete except
In the phrase " to go to rack and ruin."

rack^er, rak'gr, n. One who or that which
racks, as a racking horse.

rack'etS rak'§t, n. An implement for
striking a ball, as in tennis.

rack'et^, n. A clattering or confused
noise; commotion; frolic; spree.

ra'cy, rS'sl, fl. [ra'ci-er; ra'ci-bst.] 1.
Having a ijungent interest ; spicy . 2 . Hav-
ing a special flavor, as wine. 3. Racial.

ra^dl-al, r€'di-al. I. a. Pertaining to a
ray or to a radius. II. n. A radUting
part -ly, adv.

— ^, 98k; at, fthr; element, th^y, usfge; It, g, i (ee); o, oh; orator, «r; fuU, rftle; bvt,

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ra'dl-ance* rd'di-anB, n. Brightness;
eflfulgence. ra'dl-an-cyt.

ra'dl-ant, r§'di-ant, a. Emitting or is-
suing in rays, as of light or heat; beaming,
as with joy, kindness, or love, -ly, adv.

ra'dl-ate, rd'di-gt. I. vc. & vi. [-a'ted;
-A'TiNG.] To send oat in rays; issue in
rays. II. a. Divided or separated into
rays; having rays; radiating.

— ra'''di-a''tioii, n. The act of radia-
ting, or the state of being radiated.— ra'^'di-
a'tor, n. That which radiates, as a set of
8team»plpes for heating.

rad'1-cal, rad'i-ccd. I. a. 1. Proceed-
ing from or pertaining to the TOot; essen-
tia; fundamental. 2. Thoroughgoing;
unsparing; extreme. II. n. 1 . An ex-
tremist 2. The primitive part of a word:
a root; radicle. 3. Math. A quantity of
which the root is required.— rad'i-cal-ly,
adt7.— rad'i-cal-nes8« n.

ra'dl-o-grapli, rg'di-o-grgf, n. An X-
ray picture; skiagraph.

rad'lsli, rad'ish, n. An annual plant or
its pungent, edible root.

ra'dl-ns, r§'di-u8 or rg'dl-us, n. [ra'di-i,
rg'di-ai or rg'di-t, pi.] 1. A straight
line from the center of a circle or sphere to
its periphery. 2. The bone of the forearm
on the same side as the thumb.

raffle, raf'l. I. vt. & vi. [raf'pled;
RAP'PLiNG.] To sell by or take part in t
raffle. II. n. A form of lottery.

raft, raft. I. vi. & vi. To transport or
travel by raft. El. n. A float of logs or
planks fastened together. [roof.

raffer, rgft'gr, n. A timber supporting a

rag, rag, n. 1 . A torn piece of cloth; frag-
ment. 2. pi. Tatteredciothing.— rag'ged,
a. Tom; clothed In rags; shabby; rough.

rag^a-mur^liii, rag'a-mufm, n. A
worthless or ragged fellow.

rage, rgj. I. vi. [raoed; ba'gino.] To
be furious with anger; rave. II. n. 1.
"Violent anger. 2. Extreme violence, as
of a fever. 3. A fad.

ra-sont^ ra-gO', n. A highly seasoned
disn of meat and vegetables.

raid, rSd. I. vt. & vi. To invade sudden-
ly; make a raid. II. n. A hostile incur-
sion; foray.

rall^, r§l, vt. To enclose or lay with rails.

rall^, vi. To use abusive language; scold.
— rail'er, n.— i-Rii'inir, pa.

rail* , n. A bar, as of wood or iron, resting
on supports.

rall^, n. A wadmgbh-d.

rallying, ruling, n. 1 . A series of rails; a
balustrade. 2. Rails, or material for rails.

rall'ler-y, rfil'gr-i or ral'gr-I, n. Merry
jesting or teasing; banter.

ralFroad^, rgprod'. I<». vt. To rush.
II. n. A graded road, having parallel
metal rails, for the passage of cars, rall^-
iray"$. [clothing.

raPmentU, r§'ment, n. "Wearing apparel;

rain, rgn. I. vt. & vi. To pour down;
shower. II. n. Water falling from the
clouds in drops.— rain'bow'', r^n'bo*, n.
An arch of refracted and reflected light, seen
usually at the close of a shower, exhibiting
the spectrum colors.— raiii'y, a.

raise, rgz, vt. [raised; rais'ino.] 1.
To move upward; lift; exalt. 2. To pro-
duce ; rear. 3 . To bring to an end, as a siege.

ral^sln, r^'zn, n. A dried grape.

ra'Ja, I rd'jd, n. A Hindu prince or

rag an, f chief.

raKeS r§k. I*, vt. & vi. [raked; ra'-
KiNO.J 1 • To scrape together. 2. To stir
with a rake: use a rake; make a search;
ransack. 3o To fire along the length of,
as of a vessel or a line of soldiers. II. n.
A toothed implement for drawing together
loose material, or
smoothing a surface. /

rakes. I*, vi To lean, £
as a mast; incline. II. H
n. Inclination from the M

rake^, n. A dissolute, __
lewd man. *r

ra'klsliS rfi'kish, a. ^
Having the masts un-
usually inclined; as, a Bakes.

rakish vessel. ^1- S»lky rake. 8.

ra'klsHS a Dissolute; £i,'^.Ji;y»^«- ^
profligate; jaunty.

ral'lyS raPi. I. vt. & vi. [ral'libd;
ral'lt-ing.] To reunite and reanimate;
call together: revive; restore. II. n.
[ral'ijes*, jh.\ 1. An assembling or
reassembling, as of scattered troops. 2.
A recovery, as of health or vigor.

ral^y^, vt. & vi. To attack with raillery;
joke; tease; banter.

ram, T&m, vt.&vi. [rammed; ram'mino.]
1. To strike; butt; batter. 2. To press
closely together; stuff.— ram'mer, n.

rami, n. A male of the sheep.

ram^, n. 1 . An instrument for driving,
forcing, battering, or crushing, as a pro-
jection from the bow of a war-vessel; also,
a war-vessel constructed for ramming. 2.
An instrument for raising water by pres-
sure of condensed air. Called also hy-
draulic ram.— ram'mer, n.

'bl(e, ram'bl. I. vi. [ram'bl(b)d;

Or; fiatf^re (future^; cdsle; au (out); ell; c (k); chat; dli (th^); so; sins, i^k; tlUn.

Digitized byLjOOQlC




ham'blino.I To wander aboat: roam;

talk aimlessly. II. n. A leisurely stroll ;

a winding path; maze.— ram^'bler, n.
ram'ie, ram't, n. A shrubbj Oriental

plant, or a fine fiber yielded by its stem.
ram'i-fy, ram'i-fai, vt. &m. [-pied; -py"-

iNG.] To divide or subdivide into branches.

— ram'^i-fl'Ca^tionf n.
ra^mose, rS'mOs or rg'mos, a. Branch-
ing; full of branches; branch-like, ra'-

rampS ramp, fA, To rear up; leap; rage;
romp.— ram'page, «. Boisterous agita-
tion or excitement.— ram'pantf a. 1.
Exceeding all bounds. 2. Bearing; leaping.

ram^part, ram'pflrt, n. 1, The em-
bankment around a fort. 2. A bulwark.

ram'rod^, ram'red", n. A rod used to
drive home the charge of a muzzle-loading

ran, ran, imp. of bun, v.

rancli, ranch, n. A large tract of land
with buildings, for keeping stock in large
herds.— ran-che'ro, rgn-ch§'rO, n. A
herdsman on a ranch, ranch'mant.

ran' eld, ran'sid, a. Having the smell of
oily substances that have begun to spoil;
rank.— ran-dd^i-ty, n. ran^cid-neast*

ran'eor. ra^'c§r, n. Bitter enmity; mal-
ice; grudge.— ran'cor-ous, a.

ran'dom, ranMum, a. Aimless; casual.

— at random, aimlessly; In a haphazard

ranir, rang, imp. of bino^, v.

range, r§nj, v. [banged; ban'ging.]
I. 7. lo To pass through, by, or over;
wander along. 2. To arrange; array. 3.
To classify; rank. II. i. To lie in the
same direction; have equal rank: followed
by with.

rang;e, n. 1. The area over which any-
thing moves; a tract of grazing land; reach,
as or voice or shot. 2. A line or row;
class or series. 3. A cooking-stove.

— ran^arer, n. 1. A mounted patrolman
or guerrilla; a gamekeeper; hunting-dog. *^.
pi. An armed band, designed to protect or
ravage a country.

ranks ra^k, v. 1, t 1. To place in a
rank; form in line; range. 2. To take
precedence of . II. i. To have rank.

rank, a. 1. Vigorous in growth. 2.
Strong and offensive; flagrant.

rank, n. 1. A line or row; a line of sol-
diers side by side: opposed to^. 2. Rel-
ative position; grade; degree. 3. High
degree or position.

ran'kl(e, rai;^'kl, vl. [ran'kl(b)d; ran'-
Bxmo.j To cause lingering distress; in-
flame; fester.

ran^saek', ran'sac, tt. & vi. To search
through; explore; rummage.

ran^som, ran'sum. I. vt. To secure
the release of for a price; redeem. II. n.
1 • Money paid for the release of a person
or property captured. 2. Release par-
chased, as from captivity; redemption.

rant, rant I<*. vi. To speak loudly and
extravagantly; rave. II. n. Bombastic
talk.— rant'er, n.

rap, rap. I. vt. & vi. Fbapped'; rap'-
ping.] To strike sharply and quickly.
II. n. A sharp blow or its sound.

ra-pa^ctous, ra-p^'shus, a. Given to
plunder or rapine; extortionate; grasping.
— ra-pac'i-ty. n. ra-pa'cious-nessf •

rapes r§p, n. Forcible violation; a snatch-
ing away by force.

rape 3, n. Either of two weedy Old World
annuals allied to the turnip.

rap^td, rap'id. I. a. Having great
speed; swift: fast; quick. II. n. A
descent in a river less abrupt than a water-
fall.— ra-pid'l-ty, n.— rapid-ly, adv.

ra^pt-er, r6'pi-§r, n. A light, long, and
narrow sword for thrusting.

rap^tne, rap'in, n. The taking
or property by superior f

rapt,rapt,|7a. Enraptured; trans-
ported, as with ecstasy.— rap'-
ture» n. 1. The state of being
rapt; ecstasy. 2. An act express-
ive of utmost delight.— rap^tnr-
ons, a.

rareSr&r,a. [rab'br; rar'est.]
1 . Infrequent; exceptionally val-
uable ; choice. 2 . Rarefied ; thin.
— rar^e-fac'tion, n. The act
of rarefying or the state of being
rarefied.- rar'e-fy, vt. & vi. To
make rare or less dense.— rare'-
ly, ad».— rar'l-ty, n. The qual-
ity of being rare; sometbingTalued
for Its scarceness.

rare^, r3r,a. [U.S.] Not thorough-
ly cooked.

ras'cal, rgs'cal, n. An unprincipled fel-
low: a knave; scoundrel.— ras-caPI-ty,
n. [-TiES«, pi.) 1, The quality of being
rascally. 2. A rascally act.— ras^cal-ly,
a. Unprincipled; knavish; base.

rase, r€z, vt. Same as raze.

rasli, rash, a. Reckless; precipitate.
-ly, adv. -ness, n.

rasli, n. A skin -eruption.

rasli^er, rash'gr, n. A thin slice of meat.

rasp, rgsp. I*, vt. & vi. To scrape or
grate, as with a rasp; treat roughly; affect
harshly. II. n. A coarse file.

rasp'ber^ry, raz'ber'i, n. [-rtbss pl.^


papa, 9sk; at, air; element, th6y, osgge; it, g, t (ee); o, oh; eratf r, 5r; full, rOle; but.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



A thimble-shaped berry, or the Bhmb pi-o-
dncing it.

ra'sureS, rS'zhur, n. Erasure.

rat, rat, n. A rodent infesting houses,
bams, ships, etc.

ratcli^et, rach'§t, n. A notched wheel,
the teeth of which engage with a pawl.
See illus. at pawl, ra tcli'etsivlieel''^.

rate*, r6t, v. [ra'tkd'»; ra'tinq.] I. t.
To estimate; assess. II. i. To be es-
timated; have rank or value.

rate^**, vt. & vi. To rail at; scold.

rate, n. Relative measure; degree; value;
price; rank; class; tax.

ratli'er, rgdh'gr, adv. 1. With prefer-
ence; more willingly. 2. With more rea-
son. 3. Somewhat.

rat'l-ff, rat'i-fai, vt. [-fied; -fy'ing.]
To sanction; make valid; confirm.
— rat'^i-ti-ca'tioiif n.

ra'tlo, rg'shio or rg'shi-o, n. Kelation of
degree, number, etc.; proportion; rate.

ra^tion, rS'shun or rash'un, n. A fixed
allowance or portion, as of food, for a day.

ra^tlon-al, rash'nn-al, a. Possessing the
faculty of reasoning; pertaining to the
reason; reasonable; judicious. — ra'^tlo-
na^Ie. rash'o-n^'ll or -ng'l6, n. A rational
exposltlonofprlnclpleB.— ra^^tion-al-isin,
n. The formation or opinions by relying upon
reason alone.— ra'tion-al-ist, «.— ra"-
tion-aFi-ty, n. Reasonableness.— ra'-
tioH«al-ly, adv.

ratline, rat'lin, n. One of the small
ropes fastened across the shrouds of a ship,

' used as the rounds of a ladder, rat '11 n j: .

rats'bane^, rats'bgn', n. Rat-poison.

rat-tan^, rat-tan', n. 1. The flexible
stem of an oriental palm. 2. A cane or
switch of rattan, ra-tan'j:*

rat'tle, rat'l. I. vt. & vi. [rat'tusd;
bat'tlino.] 1. To make a rattle; clat-
ter. 2» To utter in a rapid and noisy
manner. II. n. 1. A series of short,
sharp sounds in rapid succession. 2. A
plaything or implement, etc., adapted to
produce a rattling noise. 3. Rapid and
noisy talk; chatter.— rat^tle-snake'^, n.
A venomous American snake, having loose
bonvrlngs on the tall, that rattle whensnaken.

rav^age, rav'gj. I. vt. [rav'aged;
RAv'A-GiNG.] To lay waste; despoil. II.
n. Violent and destructive action; ruin;

rave, r6v, vt. & vL [raved; RA'vmo.]
To say wildly or incoherently; talk or act
wildly or rage alt a madman.

rav'el, rav'l, vt. & vi. [rav'eled or
-bllbd; rav'el-ing or -el-ling.] To
take apart the threads of; disengage; dis-

entangle; unravel.— rav'el-Ing, n. 1. A

thread or threads raveled from a fabric. *i.
The act of raveling, rav'el-linirl:.

rav'en, rav'n. I. vt. & vi. 1. To cap-
ture by force; ravage. 2. To eat vora-
ciously; prey upon; tear. II. n. The
act of plundering; spoliatioH. rav'lnt.
— rav'en-ons, a. Furiously voracious;

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