James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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extremely greedy or eager.

ra'ven, rSWn. I. a. Black and shining,
like the plumage of a raven. II. n: \
large crow-like
biiS.

ra-vlne^, ra-
vtn', n. A deep

ra v^l sliS rav'ish ,
vt. 1. To trans-
port with delight;
enrapture, ft. To
violate.

ra^r, rS, a. 1.
Not cooked. 2. Chafed; abraded. 3.
Bleak; chilling. 4. Crude; immature;
fresh; inexperienced.— raw'sboned'''', a.
Bony; gaunt.— ra^r'liide'^, n. A hide
dressed without tanning, or a whip made of
It.— ra^r'ly, adv.

ray, rg, vt. & vi. To provide with rays;
send or go out as rays.

ray 1 , n. A narrow beam of light ; anything
radiating from an obiect, as a spine of a
fish's fin or a ray-like flower.— ray'iess, o.

ray*, n. A fish having the body depressed
into the form of a fiat disk; a torpedo.

raze. rSz, vt. [razed; ba'zing.] To
level with the ground; demolish, rasef-

ra^zor, rfi'zgr, n. A cutting-implement
for shaving off the beard or hair.— ra'zor*
strop^'^t n. A strop for sharpening razors.

re, r6, n. Mna. The second note of the
musical scale.

re-, prefix. Back; backward; again; again
and again; against; anew; over; opposite.

Numerous compounds, in which re- has Its
unmodified meaning of back, again, anew,
are practically self -explaining In connection
with the definitions of their root-words.
Compounds of re- which have special mean-
ings win be found In vocabulary place.

reacliS rtch, v. I. ^ 1. To stretch out;
extend; hand; deliver; pass. 2. To touch;
hit; arrive at; come to; attain; influence;
move; affect. II. i. 1. To stretch out
the hand, foot, or something held; try to
secure something. 2. To extend to, ap-
proach, affect, or equal something.

reacli, n. 1 . The act or power of reach-
ing; distance one is able to reach. 2*
Something attained or attainable. 3. An
unbroken extent; expanse.



•ut; fifitlQre (future); aisle; an (out); ell; c (k); cliat; dli (the): go; Bing, Ujik\ thhu



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neact
recapture



326



re-act'**^ rg-act', vi. To act ia response, in
opposition, or in combination.— re-ac'-
tion* r§-ac'8hun, n. 1, Reverse or return
action. i2. The mutual action of chemical
agents, or Its result.— re-ac^tion-a-ry, a.
Tending to react or retrograde.

read, rid, v. [read, red; readying, rtd'-
ing.] I. ^. To understand, as written or
printed characters, or any marks or signs;
peruse; interpret; explain; also, to utter
audibly what is so learned. II. i. To
gain information, as from anything writ-
ten or printed; utter aloud the contents, as
of a book or manuscript.— read, red, pa.
Informed as by reading; acquainted with
books or literature.— read'a-bl(e, rid'd-
bl, a. Easy and pleasant to read; legible.—
read^a-bly« rtd'a-bll, adr.— read'er,
rid'er, n. 1. One who reads. 2, A text*
book for Instruction In reading.

read'i-ly, red'i-li, adv. In a ready man-
ner; promptly; willingly. — reada-nesa,
n. The quality or state of being ready.

read'tns, rtd'ing, n. 1. The act of one
who reads ; study. 2 . That which is read ;
exact form of a passage or word in a given
book; interpretation; rendering.

read'y, red'i, a. [read'i-br; read'i-est.]
1. Prepared for nee or action; quick;
prompt; willing. 2. Likely or liable;
about. 3. At hand; available; handy.

re- absent, r§-§'jsnt, n. One who or that
whicn reacts; a chemical agent.

re^al, ri'al, a. 1. Actual; genuine; veri-
table. 2. Relating to or consisting of
lands, or lands and ouildings.— re-al'i-ty,
r§-al'I-tl, n. [-tiks«, pL] The state or qual-
ity of being real; that which Is real; actuality;
being; fact— re'al-P'za-bl(e, a. That
can or may be realized.— re^'^al-i-za^tion
[or -sa^tlon], w.— re'al-ize, rt'al-alz, v.
[-ized; -I'ziNG.l I* «. 1. To perceive as a
reality; feel or appreciate fully. 2. To make
real; accomplish In fact. 3. To obtain as a
profit; convert Into cash. II. <. To convert
property into cash; sellout, re'al-isel:.-
re'al-Iy, rl'al-I, adv. In reality; actually.

realm, relm^n. A kingdom; empire; do-
main.

re'al-ty, rl'cd-tl, n. [-ties', pi.] Real es-
tate.

ream, rtm, vt. To enlarge or taper (a
hole) by ^^^^^^^^^^^^g^^m
cutting ^^^^^^S^WBi P^ ^

7 Reamers. fl^l^B

^' 1. A reamer for wheeU •



material

re em:;, hubs. 2. A reamer for metal-work.

— ream'-

er, n. One who or that which reams; a

reamlng«tool. riin^mei'4:.
ream, n. Twenty quires of paper.
reaps rtp, v. 1. 1. To cut, as grain; clear



of grain by cutting, as a field; obtain as a
result. II. i. To cut and gather grain;
receive a return or result.— reap'er. n. 1.
One who reaps. 2. A reaping-machine.

rear, rtr, v. 1. 1. To raise; elevate; set
up; bring np; nurture and train, as chil-
dren ; raise, as animals. II. i. To rise up-
right, as a horse upon its hind legs.

rear, a. Being in the rear; last; hindmost

rear, n. The hindmost part or position.—
rear'ward, a. At or toward the rear.

rea'son, rl'zn, «. 1. 1. To prove or in-
fluence by reasoning; argue; persuade or
dissuade. II. i. To use the reason; give
reasons; argue.— rea'son-er, n.

rea^son, n. 1. A proof; argument^ mo-
tive; principle. 2. A cause or condition.
3. Mmd; intellect; rational condition. 4.
Reasonable conductor speech. — rea'son-
a-bl(e, rt'zn-a-bl, a. Sensible; rational;
moderate; fair, -nesst n— rea'»on-a-
bly, ado.— rea'son-inir, ri'zn-Ing.n. The
act of giving reasons: also, the reasons given.

re^as-snre', rt'a-shur', vt. To restore to
courage or confidence.— re^aa-aur'anee, n.

re-bel', r§-bel', vi. [re-belled'; be-bel'-
LiNQ.] To resist forcibly government or
authority. — re-beKlloua, r§-bel'yu8, a.
Rebelling or disposed to rebel, -ly, adv.
-neaa, n.

reb'el, reb'el, a. Rebellious; refractory.

reb'el, n. One who rebels.- re-bel'liou,
rg-bel'yun, n. The act of rebelling; organ-
ized resistance to government or authority.

re-bound'<i, rg-baund', vi. To bound
back; reQoil.— re-bound', n. A recoil.

re-buff', r§-buf', I*, vt. To reject ab-
ruptly or rudely. II. n. A sudden repolfle;
curt denial; check; defeat.

re-buke', re-bifik'. I. vt. [re-buked";
RE-BU'KiNG.J • To rcprQve sharply; repri-
mand. IW, n. A sharp reproof .

re'bns, rt'bus, n. [re'bus-es, pi."] A pic-
torial riddle.

re-but', r§-but', vt. & vi. [re-but'ted^;
re-but'ting.] To disprove; refute.
-re-bnt'tal, n. [beUlous.

re-caFct-trant, rg-cal'si-trant, a. Re-

re-calF, r§-cftl'. I. vt. 1. To call back;
countermand. 2. To recollect. II. .«•
A calling back or countermanding; a sig-
nal to call back soldiers, etc.

re-eant'«», rg-cant', vt. & vi. To retract, aa a
statement or 'opinion.— re'-'can-ta'tlon, n.

re"ca-plt'u-late«*, rl'ca-pit'yu-lfit, vt. A
vi. To repeat concisely; review briefly;
sum up. — re"ca-pit'^u-Ja'tion. n.

re-cap'ture, re-cap'chur or -tjflr. I. tt.
To capture again. II. n. The act of re-
taking; a prize retaken.



papd, ask; at, air; el^m^nt, th^y, us^ge; It, %, i (ee); o, oh; orator, 9t; full, rllle; but.



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327



recast
recount



re-cast^, rt-cgst', vt. To cast again; form
or fashion anew.

re-cede'*, rg-sid', vi. rRB-CE'DED**; rk-
CK'Dma.l To move, tend, or incline baclc-
ward: withdraw.

re-cede'ad, rt-std', vt. To cede back.

re-cel(p)t', rg-slt'. I<>. vt. & vi. To give a
receipt (for). II. n. 1 , The act of re-
ceiving; that which is received; a written
acknowledgment of anything received. 2.
A recipe.

re-celv(e', r§-8tv', vt. [rb-ceiv(e)d'; re-
CEiv'iNQ.] To get: take; accept; admit;
hold.— re-celv'a-bl(e, a.— re-ceiv'er, n.
One or that which receives; a bell*8haped
glass, as for holding gas.

re^cent, rl'sgnt, a. Pertaining to time not
lon^past; modem; fresh; new. "iy i adv.

re-cep^ta-cl(e, rg-sep'ta-cl, n. Anything
that serves to contain or hold other things.

re-cep'tlon, rg-sep'shun, n. 1. The act
of receiving, or the state of being received;
receipt. 2. A social entertainment.— re-
cep'tl v(e, a. Ready to receive.— re^'cep-
tlv'i-ty, n. re-cep'tiv(e-nes8t.

re-ces»', rg-ses' or rt'ses, n. 1 . A depres-
sion in a wall; niche. 2, Cessation from
emplovment; mtermission.

re-ces'8loii»,rg-sesh'on, n. The act of
receding; withdrawal.

re'Ce$/»ion^j rt-sesh'un, n. A giving back.

rec'l-pe, res'i-p§, n. [rec'i-pes, pi.] A
formula; medical prescription.

re-clp'l-ent, rg-sip'i-gnt. I. a. Recep-
tive. II, n. One who or that which re-
ceives, [alternating, -ly, adv.

re-eip'ro-cal, rg-sip'ro-col, a. Mutaal;

re-elp'ro-cate, rg-sip'ro-ket, vt. [-ca*-
TED«; -CA'TiNG.] To givc and take mutual-
ly; interchange. — re-clp'^ro-ea'tion, n.
— rec'^i-proc'l-ty, res'f-pres'l-tl, n. Re-
ciprocal action or concession.

re-clte'<>, rg-scut', vt. & vi. 1. To relate;
speak from memory; repeat (a lesson).. 2.
To quote; cite.— re-ci'tal, rg-sai'tal, n.
The act of reciting; a declamation; narration.
— rec'^'l-ta'tion, res'I-t^'shun, n. The act
of repeating from memory, as a lesson to a
teacher; time or occasion of reciting.— rec"-
l-ta-tlve', res'I-to-tiv', w. Mus. Language
uttered as In ordinary speech, but In musical
tones.— re-ci'ter, n.

recks rec, vt. & vi. To care (for); heed; mind.

reck'less, rec'les, a. Heedless of danger;
desperate; rash, -ly, adv. -ness, n.

reelL^on, rec'n, v. J.t. 1 . To count; com-
pute: often with M/7. 2. To consider; es-
teem. II. i. 1 . To count or depend (on
or upon). 2. To calculate. 3. To settle
accounts (with). — reck^on-lng, rec'n-ing,



n. The act of counting; account or indebt-
edness; a settlement of accounts.

re-clalm', rg-cigm', vt. To get back; re-
gain;, recover; reform; cultivate; tame.

re-cltne', rg-clain', vi. [re-clinbd'; re-
CLi'NiNQ.J To lean; lie down; rest; repose.

re-cln«e', rg-clus'. I. a. Secluded; soli-
tary. II. n. One who lives in seclusion.

rec'os-nlze, rec'eg-noiz, vt. F-nized;
-Ni'ziNG.] To know again; recollect; ac-
knowledge; confess: admit, rec'og-
nisej:.— rec^'og-nl'tion, rec'eg-nish'un,
n. The act of recognizing; acknowledgment;
salutation. — rec'ofr - iii"za-bl(e, rec'eg-
narzG-bl, a. rec'oar-ni"9a-bl(et.— re-
coir'ni-zance or -sance, rg-ceg'ni-zans,
n. Law. A pledge or obligation to do some
particular act, as to appear and answer.

re-coll', rg-ceil'. I. vt. & vi. To start,
shrink, or draw back; rebound; retreat.
II. n. A shrinking back; a rebound.

rec'^ol-lect'", rec"§l-lect', vt. & vi. To
revive in memor
— rec"ol-lec

re'^col-lect'2«»,

rec'^om-mend'*', rec'gm-mend% vt. 1 .
To commend to another* make acceptable.
2. To counsel.— rec''oni-men-da^tion,
w. The act of recommending; that which
recommends or Is recommended.

rec'om^pense, rec'Qm-pens. I. vt.
[-PBN8ED*; -pen'sing.] 1. To repay; re-
quite; indemnify. 2. To pay for. II n.
An equivalent; payment.

rec'on-clle, rec'gn-sail, t?<. [-ctled; -ci'-
LiNG.] To restore to friendship; harmo-
nize; settle.— rec"oii-clI'^-a'tlon, n. The
act of reconciling, or the state of being rec-
onciled; atonement. rec'oii-cile"mentt*

rec'on-dlte, recen-doit, a. Not easily
perceived: abstruse; secret.

re-con'nais-sanpe, rg-cen'I-sans, n. The
act of reconnoltering; a survey.

rec'^on-nol'ter or -tre, rec'o-nei'tgr,
vt. To examine; survey or explore, as to
learn an enemy's position, etc.

re"con-sld'er, rfcgn-sid'gr, vi. To con-
sider again, as for reversal of previous ac-
tion.— re^con-sId"e'r-a'tlon, n.

re-cord'«*, rg-c5rd', vt. To make a record
of; write down* fix in mind; indicate; reg-
ister.— re-cord'er, w. 1. One who re-
cords. 2* A municipal magistrate.

rec'ord, rec'grd, n. 1 . A copy of a docu-
ment; written memorial; testimony. 2.
One's personal history. 3. The authorized
register of achievements; also, the best
recorded achievement.

re-count'***, rg-caunt', vt. To relate in
detail; recite; tell.



!»'*", rec gi-ieci', vi. co vt. lo
lemory; call to mind; recall.
il-lec'tion, n. [again.

5t'2«», rl'cel-lect', vt. To collect



ur; fiQtgQre (future), afsle; an (out); ell; c (k); eliat; dli (the); qo; sing, i^k; tbin.



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recount
reed



328



re-count^*', rt-caunt', vt. To count
a^ain.

recount) n. A repetition of a count.

re-course', r§-cOr8', n. Resort for help
or security in trouble.

re-cov'er», rg-cuv'gr, v. I, t. To ob-
tain again; regain; retrieve. II. f. To
regain health, prosperity, etc. ; succeed in
a lawsuit.— re-cov'er-y, n. [-ies*, pi.]
The act of recovering; restoratioa.

re'^cov'er*, rt'cuv'sr, vt. To cover again.

rec're-ant, rec'rg-ant. I. a. Apostate;
false; craven; cowardly. II. n. A cow-
ardly or faithless person. — rec're-an-cy , n.

rec're-ate»j rec'rg-et, vt. [-a'ted*"; -a"-
TiNG.] To impart new vigor to; refresh.
— rec'^'re-a'tioni, n. refreshment; di-
version.

re"»cre-ate'3d, rl"»cr§-St', vt. To create
anew. — re^scre-a'tiona, n.

re-crlni't-nate§<*, r§-crim'l.n§t, vt. & vi.
To accuse in return.— re-crim^i-na'tion,
n.— re-crim'i-na-tiv(e, a. Of or per-
taining to recrimination, re-crim'i-na-
to-ryt.

re-crult', r^crQt'. I<». vt. & vi. To
supply, as with soldiers; raise new sup-
plies; build up; refresh. II. n. A newly
enrolled soldier or sailor.

rect'an''^sl(e, rect'av'gl, «. Math. A
right-angled parallelogram.— rect-an'gu-
lar, a. Having one right angle or more.

rec'tl-fy, rec'ti-fai, vi. [-riED; -rr'iNo.]
To correct; amend: purify.— rec^'tl-fl-ca'-
tlon, w.— rec'tl-li^er, n.

rec'^tl-lln'e-ar, rec'ti-lin'g-ar, a. Per-
taining to or consisting of a right line or
lines; straight, rec^'^ti-ltn^e-alt*

rec'ti-tude, rec'ti-tiQd, w. Uprightness;
integrity; accuracy.

rec'tor, rec't^r, n. The clergyman of a
parish.— rec'to-ry, rec'to-ri, n. [-ribs',
pi.] A rector's dwelling.

rec'tum, rec'tum, n. [rec'ta, pi.] The
terminal portion of the alimentaiy canal.

re-cum'bent, rg-cum'bent, a. Recli-
ning; leaning. — re-cum'ben-cy, n. The
state of being recumbent,

re-cu'per-ate, rg-kifl'psr-et, vt. & vi.
[-A'TED'i; -A'TiNG.l To rccovcr.- Tc-cu"-

¥er-a'tion, w.— re-ca'per-a-tiv(e, a
ending or pertaining to recovery.

re-cur', rg-cur', vi. [re-curred'; re-
cur' ring.] To happen again; happen re-
peatedly; come bacK, as to the mind.— re-
cur'rence, re-cur'gns, n. The act or fact
of recurring; recourse.— re-cur'rent, a.
Recurring; running back.

red, red. I. a. Of the color of blood. II.
n, A color like that of blood, seen at the



lower edge of the rainbow: a red pigment.
— red'den, red'n, vt. & vi. To make
red; flush.— redMisu, a. Somewhat red.
— red'ness, w.

re-deem', rg-dtm', vt. 1. To buy back;
ransom: recover; deliver, as from sin. 2.
To fulfil. 3. To make amends for.— fc-
deem^a-bKe* a.— re-deein'er, n. 1.
One who redeems. i£. [K-] Jesus Christ,
the Savior.— re-deinp'tion, re-demp'-
shun, n. The act of redeeming, or the state
of being redeemed.— re-demp' tiv(e, a.
Serving to redeem, or connected with re-
demption. re-demp'to-ryT. [intense.

red'sli o f^, red'*het", a. Heated to redness;

red'o-lent, red'o-lgnt, a. Full of or dif-
fusing a pleasant odor: followed by of.

— red'o-lencet n. red'o-len*cyt*
re-do ub'le, r§-dub1, vt. & vi. To

double again; increase; repeat frequently.

re-doubt'a-D](e, rg-daut'a-bl, a. In-
spiring fear; formidable; valiant, re-
douDt'edi; re-do ut'a-bl(ef.

re-do u nd'^i, rg-daund', vi. To contribute;
conduce, as to one's credit.

re-do Ut', I redout', n. An enclosed for-

re-doubt', f tification; anearihwork.

re-dress'^ rg-dres'. F.
vt. To right, as a wrong;
make reparation to (a
person). II. n. Satis- (
faction for wrong done;
reparation.

re-dress'^S rl-dres', vt.
& vi. To dress again.

re-duce', rg-dins', vt.
[RE-DUCED't; RB-Du'ciNG.] To diminish;
lower; degrade; subdue; change the form
or denomination of .— re-du'cf-bl(e, a.—
re-duc^tion, n. The act of reducing, or
Its result.

re-dun'dant, rg-dmi'dant, a. Exces-
sive; superfluous; verbose; tautological.

— re-aun'dance* re-dun^^an-cy, n.
re-du'pll-cate«>, rg-difl'pli-ket, vi. & ti.

To redouble.— re-du^'pii-ca'tion, n.
red'wrood", red'wud", n. An immense

California tree of the pine

family, or its wood. Se-

quoi'at.
reed, rtd, n. 1.

Bot. The stem of

certain tall grase

growing in wet

places, or any

g?assVs. * 2! ^"^^^^ «^ Redwood,
MU8. A thin elastic tongue of reed, wood,
or metal nearly closing an opening, as of
an organ-pipe; also, a rustic musical pipe.




Redout.




papfi, ask; at, air; element, thSy, usf ge; It, |, i (ee); o, oh; orator, or; full, rOle; but.

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820



reef
refund



reefs rtf^ vt. To take in; fold and fasten
down, as a sail or part of a sail.

reef*, n. A ridge of rocks at or near the
surface of the water. [er, n.

reen, n. The folded part of a sail .— reer-

reekS rtk, vt. & vi. To smoke; emit vapor.

reel*, rll. I. vt. To wind on a reel. II.
n. A rotary device for winding rope, etc.

reel'. I. vt. To stagger; dance the reel.
II. n. A lively dance, or its masic.

re"en-force'iS rt'en-fOrs', vt. To give
new force or strength to, as with troops.
re"ln-force'$.— re^en-force^ment, n.
The act of reenforclng; a fresh body of
troops; aid; help, re'^m-force'mentl:*

re^en-force'^'S vt. To enforce anew.

re-fec'tlon, rg-fec'shun, n. Kefresh-
ment; a slight meal.— re-fec'to-ry, n.
[-BiES«, p?.] A room for eating.

re-fer', rg-fgr', t7. [re-ferred'; be-per'-
RiNG.] 1, t. To direct, as for informa-
tion; assign; attribute. II. i. 1. To
have reference; allude. 2. To give a
reference. 3. To have recourse; applv;
appeal. — rePer-a-bl(e, a. That may be
referred. re-fer'ri-blCet.— rer'er-ee',
n. A person to whom a thing is referred.—
ref er-ence, n. The act of referring; that
which refers; a person or thing referred to;
allusion; testimonial.

re-flne', rg-fain', vt. & vi. [re-pinbd';
re-fi'ning.] 1 . To make or oecome fine
or pure; purify; culture. 2. To make
subtile distmctions.— re-flned', pa. Puri-
fied; courteous; cultured; subtile; recondite.
— re-li'ner, n.— re-li'ner-y, n. A place
where some crilde material Is purified.

re-fine'inent,>g-fain'mgnt, ». 1. Fine-
ness; delicacy; culture. 2. The act of
refining. 3. A nice distinction; subtlety.

re-flt^'J, rt-fit', vt. & vi. To fit or be fitted
again; repair*

re-flect''', rg-flect', V. J, t. 1. To throw
back, as rays of light. 2. To return an
image of. II. i. 1. To send back rays,
as or light. 2. To think upon the past;
ponder; meditate. 3. To cast reproach;
blame.— re-flec'tlon, rg-flec'shun, n. The
act of reflecting; an image thrown by reflec-
ted light ; meditation; blame; censure re-
flexMonJ.— re-flect'iv(ej a. 1, Medita-
tive. 2. Reflecting light, heat, etc. — re-
flect^or, n. That which reflects; a mirror;
a reflecting telescope.

re'llex'',rt'flex'. I. a. Turned or thrown
backward; reflective. II. n. Reflection,
or an image prdduced by reflection; a mere
copy. — re-flex'lvfe, rg-flex'iv, a. Refer-
ring to Itself or Its subject; as, a r^xive
verb (whose object denotes the same person
or thing as Its subject). -ly, adv.



refln-ent, ref'lu-gnt, a. Flowing or
rushing back.— rePIu-ence, n. [ebb.

re'flux", ri'flux", n. A flowing back;

re-forin'i, rg-fSrm'. I. vt. & vi. To
make better morally; free from evils or
abuses. II. n. An act or result of ref-
ormation ; change for the better.— refor-
ma'tion*, rerer-m6'shun, n. The act of
reforming, or the state of being reformed;
especially. [R-1 the establishment of Protes-
tantism in the sixteenth century. — re-
form'a-tivCe, a. Reformatory. — re-
form'a-to-ry. I, a. Ref ormlng or tend-
ing to reform. II. n. [-bies«,J9/.] An in-
stitution for the reformation of offenders.—
re-form'er, n.

re-form'^, rt-f6rm', vt. & vi. To form
again.— re"for-ma'tlona, n.

re-fract''*, rg-fract', vt. To bend from a
direct course; turn aside.- re-frac^tion,
n. The change of direc-
tion of a ray, as of light
or heat. — re-fract'-
iv(e, a. Of or pertain-
ing to refraction.— r e-
fract'or* n. A re-
fracting telescope.

re-frac'to-ry, rg-
frac'to-ri,o. Disobedi-
ent; unmanageable;
obstinate.— re - frac '-
to-ri-ly. adv.— re
frac^to-ri-nefls, n.

re-ft•alIl^ rg-fr§n', ?;^ .^ t7^««.i„«„*
&m. To hold within ^?»,«S?r,^®fl? pi*
>x>nnds; abstain from ?So"fo?L%?t
action; forbear.

re-fl*ain', n. A strain repeated at inter-
vals, as in a song; a burden.

re-fresh's rg-fresh', vt. & vi. To make
or become fresh again; reinvigorate.—
re-fresh^mentt n. The act of refresh-
ing; the state of being refreshed-, that which
refreshes, as food or drink.

re-ft-lg'er-ate, rg-frij'er-gt, vt. r-A"TED«*;
-A'TiNG.] To cause to become cold; cool;
chill. — re-frle'er-ant, rg-frij'gr-ont, a.
Cooling.— i*e-frifr''er-a^tlon» n. A cool-
ing.— re-fi'ifr'er-a"t or, n. That which
makes or keeps cold; a box or room for
keeping articles cool by means of Ice.— re-
friar'er-a-to-ry. I. a. Reducing heat.
II, w. That which reduces heat

refuge, ref'illj or -yllj, n. Shelter; pro-
tection; that which shelters or protects.
— ref'u-aree', refltl-JI', w. One who flees
to a refuge, as In a foreign land.

re-fnl'gence, rg-ful'jgns, n. Splendor;
radiance, re-ful'ffen-cyt. — re-fiil'-
arent, a. Shining; brilliant; splendid.

re-fand'", rg-fund', vt. To pay back.

re-fa nd'2d, rt-fmid', vt. To fund anew.




0r; ftntl^re (future); aisle; an (put); ell; c (k); ehat; dh (jthe); go; sing, l^k; fbin.



Digitized byLjOOQlC



refuse
retn



330



re-fuse'^ r§-fitlz', r^ & vi. [re-fused*;
re-fu'81ngJ To decline: reject; deny;
repel.— re-fu'sal, n. 1. The act of refu-
sing, td. The privilege of accepting or reject-
ing, an option. Lagaln.

re-rase^, rt-fitlz', vt. & vi. To fuse

ref'use, ref'iGs or -ytls. I. a. Rejected
as worthless. II. n. Anything worth-
less; rubbish.

re-fufe', r§-fillt', vt. [re-fu'ted«*; re-
FU'TiNo.] To prove to be false, erroneous,
or mistaken; disprove. — reP^u-ta'tlon, n.
The act of refuting; disproof. re-fu^taU.

re-sal n^, rg-gen', vt. To recover,



re^f^al, rt'gal, a. Belonging to or fit for a
king; royal, -ly, ' n.. ^

gal'T-tl, n. Rovalty.



; royal. -ly, arf».— re-gal'l-ty, rg-



re-sale', rg-gel', vt. J;rb-oaled'; rb-ga'-
LiNo.l To least; delight.

re-sa^l-a, re-g§'li-a or -gg'li-a, n. pi.
Decorative emblems of royalty, or of some
society, order, or rank.

re•s<Lrd^ rg-gOrd'. I«*. vt. 1. To ob-
serve closely; consider. 2, To esteem.
3. To concern: relate to. II. n. 1.
Respect; attention; notice, a. Common
repute. 3. Reference. 4. A courteous
greeting.— re-gard^ful, a. Having or
showingregard. -ly, adv.— re-gardang,
prep, with reference to; with regard to.—
re-gard'less* a. Having no regard or
consideration; heedless.

re'gttt'tAt rg-sat'a, n. A boat«race.

re'sen-ey, rt'jgh-si, n. [-gibs", pi.] The
government or office of a regent; a body of
regents, re'sent-shlpf.

re • sen ' er • ate, re-jen'sr-§t. I. vt.
[-A'TBD"*; -A'TiNo.] TO producc anew;
renew si)iritually. II. a. Having new
life; spiritually renewed; restored; regen-
erated.— re-gen'er-a-cy, n. The state of
being regenerate.— re-gen^'^er-a^tion, n.
A renewing; the new birth.

re'gent, rl'jfiut, n. 1 . One who rules in
the name and place of a sovereign. 2.
An officer of a university.

rese'l'Clde, rej'i-soid, n. The killing or
the killer of a king or sovereign.- reg'I-
ci^dal* a. [ernment; social system.

r^'^glme', r§"zhtm', n. System of gov-

res^l-men, rej'i-men, n. A course of
living, as to food, etc. ; government.

res^l-iuent, rej'i-ment, n. A body of
soldiers commanded by a colonel.— reg''-
i-men'tal. I. a. Of or pertaining to
a regiment. II. n. pi. Military uniform.
-ly, adv. [area.

re'gion, rt'jun, n. A country; district;

reg'ls-ter, rej'is-tgr. I. vt. & vi. 1. To
record, as in a register; enroll. 2. To



denote according to a scale. II. ». 1.
An official record; roll; list; schedule.
2. A registrar. 3. Any registering appa-
ratus ; a device for regulating the admission
of heated air to a room. 4. Mas. The
compass of a voice or an instrument.—
reg'i 8-trar, n. The authorized keeper of
records.— reg^is-tra^tion, n. The act
of registering; enrolment.— reg^ia-try,
rej'ls-trl, n. [-tries*, ;?i.] 1, Keglstratlon.
2. A register, or the place where it Is kept.

reg/nant, reg'nant, a. Reigning; com-
manding.

re'sress, rl'gres, n. Passage back; re-
turn, re-sres^slon^.

re-gret', r§-gret'. I. vt. [re-grkt'ted'';
re-gret'ting.] To look back to with



Online LibraryJames Champlin FernaldConcise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... → online text (page 61 of 88)