James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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first. 2. Inferior; subordinate. 3. An-
other; other. 4. Mus. Lower in pitch.—
sec'ond-ar^y. I. a. Subordinate; second-
rate. II. n. L-iES*. p/.] 1. An assistant;
deputy. 3. Anything secondary.- sec^ond*
hand'^, a. Received from or through an-
other; previously used; not new; not direct.
— sec'ond-ly, adv. in the second place.—
s.ssight, an assumed power of foretelling
the future.

or; flfitf^re (future); aisle; au (out); ell; c (k); cliat; dli (^e); ffo; sing, i^k; thin.

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sec^ondS sec'und, n. 1. The one next

after the first. 2 . An attendant, as in a duel .
•ee^ond^, n. The V«o of a minute either

of time or of angular measure.
se'cre-cy, sl'crg-si, n. [-ciEssp^.] The

condition of being secret; secret! veness;

privacy; retirement.
se^cret, st'cret. I. a. Separate* hidden;

private; secluded; close-mouthed. II. n.

1 . Something not to be told or not known.

2. An underlying reason.
sec're-tar''y, sec'rg-ter'i, n. [-ie8«, pi.]

1. One who attends to correspondence,
records, etc. 2. A head of a governmen-
tal department. 3. A writing-desk.

se-crete', B§-crtt', vt. [sb-crb'ted*'; sb-
cre'ting.] 1, To conceal; hide. 2. To
separate, as a secretion.— se-cre'tion, s§-
crf'sbun, n. 1. Separation, as of materials
from blood or sap; the substance secreted,
as saliva or milk. a. Concealment.— se-
cre^tivCe, sg-crl'tlv, a. 1. Inclined to se-
crecy. 2* Producing secretion.— se-cre^-
to-ry, a. Pertaining to secretion.

sect, sect, n. A religious denomination;
an ecclesiastical faction. — sec-ta^ri-an,
sec-t^'rl-cm, a. Pertaining to a sect; bigoted.

sec'tton, sec'shmi, n. 1 . A separate part;
division; portion. 2» A view of some-
thing, as a machine, as if cut through.—
sec'tion-al, a. 1. Pertaining to a section;
local. 2, Made up of sections.

sec/tor, sec't§r, n. A part of a circle
bounded by two radii and the
included arc.

sec^u-lar, sec'yu-lar, a. 1 .
Worldly. 2. Brought about
in the course of ages. 3.
Not bound by monastic vows.

— sec'u-lar-ize* sec'yu-

— -'- ]To


lar-alz, vt. [-ized; -i'zing.] _ .

render secular; make worldly,
se-cure^ 8§-kiar'. 'K.vt. [se-oured'; sb-

cur'ing.] 1. To protect; guarantee; fast-
en; close. 2, To r^

tain; acquire. II. |

1. Guarded agaii

danger. 2. Overcoi

dent; incautious. -

adv.— ae'cu'rim

ty, sg-klu'ri-tl, n. —

[-TIES', o/.l The

state or being seci

something that ma \

one8ecure,a8again8tl ^

se-dan', s§-dan', n. ^

closed chair, formerly Sedan.

in use, in which a pas-
senger was carried by two men. se-

se-date^ sg-det', a. Habitually calm; so-


ber; staid.— 8ed'a-tlv(e, sed'a-tiv. I. a
Soothing. II, 71. A soothing remedy.

sed'en-ta-ry, sed'en-tg-ri, a. Sitting
much of the time; done in a sitting posture.

sedge, sej, n. A coarse rush-uke herb
growing in a wet place.

sed'1-ment, sed'i-mgnt, n. Hatter that
settles to the bottom of a liquid.

se-dl^tlon, sg-dish'mi, n. Popular dis-
order; insurrection; revolt.

se-duce', sg-diQs', vt. [se-duced'«'; se-du'
ciNG.] To draw into evil; lead astray.—
se-dnc^tioii, sg-duc'shun, n.— se-due'-
tlv(e, a. Tending to seduce; enticing.

sed^u-lous, sed'yu-lns, a. Diligent; de-
voted; assiduous, -ly, adv. -neas, n.

see, st, vt. & vi. [saw; seen: seeding.] 1 .
To perceive by the eye; observe; under-
stand; ascertain. 2» To call on or visit;
meet; receive; escort.

see , w. The jurisdiction of a bishop or pope.

seed**, std. I. vt. & vi. To sow with seed;

Sroduce seed; sow seeds; free from seed.
I. n. 1. The germ from which a plant
may be reproduced; that from which any-
thing springs; a first principle: soorce. i.
Offspring; children. — seed^lins, n. A
plant reared from the seed, instead of from
a graft or the like.— seed'y , sid'l, a. [sekd'-
i-eb; seed'i-est.] Abounding with seeds-
going taseed; ragged; shabby.

seeding, string, conj. Considering; since.

seek, stk, v. [sought, sdt; sebk'ing.]
I. t. To go in search of; strive for; en-
deavor. II. i. To look; search.

seem, stm, vi. To give the impression of
being; appear.— seem^ing. I. pa. Ap-

Earent; not real. II. n. Appearance; sem-
lance.— seem^inir-ly, adv.

seem^ly, slm'li, a. [sEEM'iai-ER; sebx'-
li-est.J Proper; decorous.

sees, sf n, pp. of see, v.

seer, sir, n. One who foretells; a prophet

see'sa'w'', st'sS". I. vt. & vi. To move
up and down or to and fro; vacillate. 1 1
a. Moving like a seesaw; vacillating. III.
n. A sport in which x>erson8 are Iwme up
and down on opposite ends of a balanced
plank; also, any similar movement.

seetlie, stdh, vt. & vi. To boD.

seg^ment, seg'mgnt, n. A part cut off,
a section; the part of a ^^
circle included within a y^^^''^""^
chord and its arc. / \

seg^re-gate, seg'rg-g§t. I. ' '

vt. & vt. [-ga'ted«>; -ga'- Segment.
TING.] To separate; iso-
late. II. a. Separated or set apart; se-
lect; solitary.- seg'^re-ga'tton, n.

papd, gsk; at, air; element, thSy, iiB§ge; It, g, t (ee); o, oh; erat^r, er; fall, rfile; but.

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., 4el'enlor, st'nygr, n. A lord; in south-
ern Europe, equivalent to English «r.

«. iselne, sSn, n. Any large encircling fish-net.

t: 8elz(e, stz, vt. [seiz(e)d; seiz'inq.] 1.

^ , To grasp suddenly or forcibly: take by
force; affect suddenly and powerfully. 2,
Naut. To bind by turns of cord: lash.

— sei'zure, n. The act of seizing; a sud-
den or violent attack.

- «el'dom, sel'dum, adv. At v^idely sepa-
rated intervals; infrequently.

''■■■ se-lect', 8§-lect'. I«». vt. & vi. To take
in preference to another or others; choose.

I'' II. a. Chosen; choice.— se-lec^tion, B§-
lec'shun, n. The act of selecting; choice;
anything selected; a collection.
self, self. I. a. Same; particular; iden-

■ tical. II. w. [selves, selvz, 2?/.] 1. An

i individual considered as the subject of his
own consciousness; a distinct personality.
2. Personal advantage.— 8elf*»con-ceU',
n. Vanity; egotism.- 8. *concei ted, a.—
s.sconsciouB, a. Unduly conscious that
one Is observed by others.— s.sdefense, n.
Pefense of oneself or one's Interests.— s.*
denial, n. Denial of one's own gratlftca-
tlon.— s.sdeByinflT, a.— s.sesreem, n. A
good opinion of oneself or of one's abilities.
— 8.*evideBt, a. Carrying Its evidence In
Itself.— s.sexistence, n. Inherent, unde-
rived, Independent existence: an attribute
, of God.— s.sexistent, a. — s.sintere«t,
n. One's own Interest or advantage, or the
principle of seeking it.— g.slove, n. The
desire to seek one's own well-being. — 8,»
possessed* a.— s.spossession, n. Pres-
ence of mind; self-command.— s.sriarht-
eous, a. Righteous In one's own estima-
tion; Pharisaic— self same'', a. Identical.
— s.sTrill, w. Adherence to one's own will
with disregard of others.- s.s willed, a.
self^lsli, selfish, a. Caring only or chief-
ly for self. -Iy„ adv. -ness, n.
sel(l, sel, vi. & m. [sold; sell'ing.] To
transfer (property) to another for a price;
bring a price; be sold.- selKer, n.
sel^vai^e, sel'vej, n. The edge of a fabric
so finished that it will not ravel.

, selves, selvz, w. Plural of self, n.
sem^blance, sem'blans, n. Show; like-
ness; image; appearance.
seni''l-an'nu-al, sem'i-an'yu-al, a.

4lalf-yearly. -ly, adv.
sem'l- breve", sem'i-brtv', n. Mue. A

note equal to half a breve; a whole note.
seMi'l-clr^cle , sem'i-sgr'cl, n. 1 . A half-
circle. 2. Any semicircular structure.
— sem'^i-cir^cu-lar, a.

sem^l-eo^'lon, sem'i-co'lQn, n. A mark
(;) of punctuation, indicating a greater
degree of separation than the comma.

sem'^'l-flu'id, sem'i-flfi'id. I. a. Fluid,

but thick and viscous. II. n. A thick,
viscous fluid.

sem^'l-lu^nar, sem'i-lQ'nar, a. Resem-
bling or shaped like a half -moon; cres-
centic. sem'^l-lu'natet.

sem^l-montli'ly, sem'i-munth'li. I.
a. Taking place twice a month. II. n.
A publicauon issued twice a month.

sem'l-ual, semM-nal, a. Pertaining to
seed; germinal.

sem^i-na-ry, sem'i-n^ri, n. [-ribs*, p/.]
An educational institution; academy.

seni'l-qua^ver, sem'i-cw§"vfir, n. Mus.
A sixteenth note. [major tone.

sem^l-tone, sem'i-tOn, n. Mus. Half a

sem'^l-vonr^el , sem'i-vau'el, n. A sound
having the character of both a vowel and
a consonant, and used as either, 9i^wox y.

seni"l-i»^eek'ly, sem'i-wtk'li. I. a.
Issued or recurring twice a week. II. n.
A publication issued twice a week.

sem^'pl-ter'nal, sem'pi-tgr'nal, a. Ever-

semp'stress, semp'stres, n. A seamstress.

sen'ate, sen'gt, n. • \, [S-] The more
stable branch of a congress or legislature.
2. A legislative body; council.— aen'a-
tor, n. A member of a senate.— sen'-'a-
to^ri-al, a.— sen'a-tor-ship, n.

send, send, v. [sent; send'ing.] I. U
To cause or command to go; despatch;
forward; throw; indict; bestow. II. i. To
despatch an agent, message, or messenger.

sen^e-selial, sen'§-shal, n. A steward.

8e^nll(e, st'nil or -noil, a. Of, pertaining
to, or affected by old age; infirm; weak.
— se-nil'i-ty, 8§-nIl'l-tl, n.

se^nlor, st'nior or stn'yur. I. a. 1.
Older; elder. 2. [U. S.] Pertaining to the
closing year of a college course. II. n.
1. An elder; elderly
person. 2. A member
of a senior class. <%

— se''ni-or'i-ty, n. ^

sen'na, sen'Q, n. A le-
guminous plant, used
medicinally as a pur-

se-nor^ s6-ny5r' n. A ge
man; Mr.; sir: a Spanish til
respect.— se-fio'ra, s^-ny
n. A lady; Mrs.; madam.—
fio-ri'ta, s6'nyo-rl'ta, i
young lady; miss.

sen-sa^tlon, sen-se'shu
1. Feeling aroused througn wnrt'opnna
the senses; also, stimulation ^ ^^®"?**
of some organ of sense; emo- • P*^*
tion. 2. Interest or excitement, or that
which produces it.— sen-sa^tion-al, a. 1 .

Or; flutg^re (future); aisle; an (out); ell; c (k); cliat; dli {fM)\ go; sing, i^k; tbin.

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Pertaining to sensation. 2. Canslngunnatural
emotionalexcltement; melodramatic; trashy.
se nse , sens, n. 1 . The faculty of sensation ;
feeling; realization. 2. Any one of the five
senses, sight, hearing, taste, smell, or touch.
3. Goocl judgment. 4. Signification;
meaning.— sense'less, a. Without sense ;
unconscious; also, foolish; meaningless.—
sen'-'si-bil'i-ty, n. [-tibs«,pM Power to
feel; sensitiveness.— sen^si-bl(e» o. 1,
Having good sense; Intelligent. 5*. Having
sensation; sensitive. 3» Appreciable.— sen'-
si-tiT(e. a. 1. Excltame or impressible.

2. Pertaining to the senses or sensation.-
sen^si-tiTCe-nessv n. sen^si-tl Vi-ty t.

sen'su-al, sen'shu-al, a. Unduly indul-
gent to the appetites; lewd; carnal.— sen'-
sa-al-ist,n. A sensual person.— genu's u-
aPI-f:y«n.— sen'sn-ong, a. Pertaining
to the senses; luxurious.

sentt sent, imp. & pp. of sen^d, v.

sen'tence, sen'tgns. I.vt. [sen'tenced*;
bbn'ten-cing.] To pass sentence upon.
II. n. 1 . A group of words eiroressing a
complete thought. 2. A legal judgment.

3. A determination; opinion. 4. A max-
im. — sen - ten ' tioits, sen - ten ' shus, a.
Abounding in terse sentences; laconic; ax-
iomatic, -ly, adv. -nesst n.

sen'tt-ent, sen'shi-gnt, a. Having sensar
tion and perception; sensitive; feeling.

sen'tl-ment, sen'ti-mgnt, n. 1. Lofty
and refined feeling; sensibility. 2* An
opinion; expressive thought; toast. — sen'^-
ti-ment'al, a. Characterized by senti-
ment; emotional.

sen'tl-nel, sen'ti-nel, n. A soldier on
guard; any guard or watch, sen'trjrf .

bep'al, sep'al or st'pal, n. One of the in-
dividual leaves of a calyx.

sep'a-rate, sep'a-r§t, v. [-ra'tbd*; -ba"-
TiNG.] I. <. i . To disconnect; dissever.
2. To keep apart. 3. To consider sepa-
rately. II. i. To be disconnected. — sep'-
a-ra-bl(e, sep'a-ra-bl, a. Capable of being
separated.— sep^'a-ra'ti on « sep'a-rS 'shun,
n. The act of separating; the state of being

sep'a-rate, sep'a-ret, a. Existing apart
from others; considered by itself ; uncon-
nected or disconnected.

se'pt-a, st'pi-a or sg'pl-a. I. a. Dark-
brown with a tinge or red. II. n. The
cuttle-fish, its ink, or a dark-brown pig-
ment prepared from it.

se'poy, st'pei, n. A native East-Indian sol-
dier equipped and trained in European

Sep-tem'ber, sep-tem'bgr, n. The ninth
hionth of the year, having 30 days.

sep'ten-a-ry, sep'ten-g-ri, a. 1. Con-

sisting of, pertaining to, or being seven.
2. Septennial.

sep-ten^nl-al, Bep-ten'i-al, a. 1. Recur-
ring every seven years. %, Continuing
seven years.

sep'tlc, sep'tic, a. Of or pertaining to
poisonous putrefaction; putrid. -al±.

sep-tinton, sep-tiPvun, n. A cardinal
number: in the French system (also U. S.)
1 followed by 24 ciphers; In the English
system, 1 followed by 42 ciphers.

sep'^tu-ag^'^e-na^ri-an, sep'tiu-aj'g-
ne'ri-an, n. A person 70 years old, or
between 70 and 80.

Sep^tu-a-^lnt, sep'tiu-o-iint, n. An old
Greek version of the Old Testament.

sep'tn-pl(e, sep'tiu-pl, a. Consisting of
seven; sevenfold; seven times repeated.

sep'ul-clier, Jsep'ul-kgr. "K. vt. Toen-

sep^ul-clire, i tomb. II. n. A burial-
place, as in a rock; tomb. — se-puFchral,
se-pm'kral, a. 1. Pertaining to a sepulcfaer.
2. Dismal; funereal.— septal- ture« n.
The act of entombing; burial.

se^qnel, st'cwel, n. A continuing and con-
cluding portion, as of a story; result;
upshot. [rangementj series.

se^quence, st'cwgns, n. Succession; ar-

8e-ques'ter,"'s§-cwes'ter, vt. 1. To sep-
arate; seclude. 2. To sequestrate. — se-
qnes'teredy pa. Retired; secluded.

se-ques^trate, s§-cwes'trgt, vt. [-tba'>
ted«»; -tra'ting.] Law. (1) To confis-
cate. (2) To take possession of for a
time.— seq^'ues-tra'tion, n. Seizure; con-

se-qu oi'a, sg-cwei'a, n. See bedwood.

se-ra'gllo,''s§-ra'lyO or se-ral'yO, n. A

ser'apli, ser'af, n. [seb'aphs or ser'a-
PHiM,p^.] An angel of the highest or-
der.— ser-aphlc, ser-af'ic, a. Angelic.

8ere« v. & a. Bame as seab.

serf'e-nade^ ser"§-ngd'. I. vt & vL
[-na'ded**; -na'ding.] To entertain with
or engage in a serenade. II. n. Music,
rendered as a tribute in theopen air at night.

se-rene', sg-r!n% a. Clear, or fair and calm;
peaceful; tranquil. ' -ly, adv. -new, n.
— se-ren'i-ty, ». [-ties«, pM

serf, sgrf , n. A person whose service is
attached to an estate.— serf Mom, n.

serge, sgrj, n. A twilled woolen stuff.

sergeant, sdr'jent, n. A non-commis-
sioned military officer next above a cor-
poral.— ser^geantsatcarms^f n. An offi-
cer In legislative bodies who enforces order,
etc.— Ber^gean-cy« ser'ireant-cy, n.

se^rial, a. & n. See under skaibs.

se^rl-es, st'ri-tz or st'rlr n. A connected

papa, gsk; at, air; el^m^nt, th^y, us^ge; It, |, t (ee); o, oh; erat^r, or; full, rule; but,

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8ucce88ion.^»e'rI-al, st'ri-al. I. a. 1.
Of the nature of a series. 2. Published in a
series at regular intervals. II. n. A liter-
ary composition published in parts.

se^rl-ous, sl'ri-us, a. Grave and earnest;
thoughtful; sober; of great importance.

ser^mon, sgr^mun, n. A rengious dis-
course, based on a text of the Bible; any
serious discourse.

se'rous, st'rus, a. Pertaining to serum.

8e repent, sgr'pgnt, n. A scaly, limbless
reptile; a snake.— aer'pen-tine, sgr'pgn-
tin or -tain. I, a. Pertaining to or like a
serpent: zigzag. II. n. A variously colored
marblC'llke rock.

ser^rate, Iser'et or -|t, 8er'S't§d, a.

»er'ra'''ted, f Notched like a saw. — »er-
ra'tlen, n.

ser'rled, ser'id, pa. Com-
. pacted in rows, as soldiers.

«e'runi» sl'rum or ser'um, n.
A watery animal fluid, as the
watery portion of the blood. ^ ^, „

serv'ant,8firv'ant,n. A per- ^^2^1 Jt^
son employed to labor for ^^^Itof
another; a dependent.

serve, Bgrv, ». [sbrvbd; SBKv'mo.] \* t.
1 . To be in the employment of; work for;
be of use to; aid. a. To content; satisfy,
requite. 3. To conduct; manipulate;
handle; wait on. II. i. To act as a serv-
ant; be of service; be sufficient.— serv'-
ice, B§rv'is, n. 1, The work or position
of a servant: work performed for another.
H, One's official work; religious exercise;
military or naval duty. 3* A set of ves-
sels, alenslls, etc., for use, as at table.
— Berv'ice-a-bl(e, a.— serv'iKe, sgrv'Il,
a. 1. Slavish; abject. <2. Pertaining to
slaves or servants. 3* Being of a subject
class.— ser-Tll'l-ty, n. Cringing submis-
sion; slavlshness.— 8erv'i«tor, n. A serv-
ing«man; follower. — serv'i-tude, serv'I-
tiad, n. The condition of a slave; bondage.

ses^lKe, ses'il, a. Attached by its base,
without a stalk, as a leaf.

ses'slon, sesh'mi, n, A sitting or meet-
ing of an organized body, or the time dur-
ing which it remains sitting.

set, set, V. [set; sbt'ting.] \* t. 1.
To cause to sit; to put in place; place;

Sut; appoint; settle. 2. To fix (a price).
I. i. 1. To pass below the horizon; de-
cline; sink; fade. 2. To solidify; be-
come ftxed. 3. To tend; incline. 4. To
exert one's powers. 6. To lit.— set'off",
n. !• An offset or counterpoise, ij, A
decorative contrast or setting.— set'ter, n.
One who sets; one of a breed of hunting"
dogs that crouch to point out srame.— set'-
tinir* n. 1. The act of anything that seta.
»^. That In which something is set; a frame.

set, set,;?a. 1. Fixed: obstinate. ». Es-
tablished or prescribed.

set, /z. 1. A collection; class; group. 2.
Position or direction. 3. The act of sink-
ing below the horizon, as a heavenly body.

set-tee^, set-ti% n. A long seat with a
high back.

set^tle, set'l, v. [sbt'tled; set'tling.]

1. <. 1. To fix; determine; adjust; pay.

2. To still: calm. 3. To people; colo-
nize. II. I. 1 . To become clarified, as a
liquid; sink, as dregs. 2. To come to
rest; adjust differences; subside. 3. To
fix one's abode. 4. To determine. 5.
To pay one's bill; adjust accounts by pay-
ment. —set^tle, n. Same as settee.-
set^tle-ment. n. 1. The act of settling.
2. A colonized region.^- set^tler, n. A
colonist.- set^tllng, n.

sev^en, sev'n, a. & n. Six and one.—
seT'en-teen", sev'n-ttn', a. & n. Seven
more than ten.— seT^en- teen th''^. I. a.
1 . Seventh In order after the tenth, ij. Being
one of seventieen equal parts. II. n. One
of seventeen equal parts of anything.— sev'-
enth, sev'nth, a. & n. Next In order after
the sixth; being one of seven equal parts.
— sev'en-ti-eth, sey'n-tt-eth. 1, a. 1,
Tenth In order after the sixtieth. 3. Be-
ing one of seventy equal parts. II. n.
One of seventy equal parts.— seT^en-ty*
sev'n-ti, a. & n. Ten more than sixty.

sev'er, sev'sr, vt. & «i. To disjoin; sepa-
rate; part. — aev'er-ance, sev'fir-ans, n,

sev'er-al, sev'fir-al, a. 1. Being of an
indefinite but small number; more than
two, but not many; divers. 2. Single; sep-
arate.- sev'er-al-ly, adv. Individually.

■e-vere', s§-vtr', a. 1. Hard to bear;
painful. 2. Harsh; merciless. 3. Seri.
ous; grave; sedate.— se-vere'ly, adv.-^
se-Ter'i -ty, se-ver'i-ti, n. [-ties«, pi.]

newy so, vt. lsbwed; sewed or sewn;
sEW'iNG.l To make, mend, or fasten, as
with needle and thread.

seiiir^ase, siu'ij, n. The waste matter ,
carried off in sewers. ' ,

se^wr'er, siii'sr, n. A conduit to cM^y Ofl
sewage; a large drain.— sew'er-age, n.
A system of sewers.

sex, sex, n. 1* The diff^itence between
male and female. .2. Males or females of
a group, collectively.

sex'-'a-ge-na'rl-aii, sex'a-lg-neM-an, n.
A pets^n sitty years old, or between sixty
and seventy years of age.

sex^tant^ sex'tant, n. 1 . An instrument
for determining latitude at sea. 2. The
sixth part of a circle; an arc of 60 degrees.

sex-tinion, sex-til'yxjn, n. A cardinal

Or; fintl^re (future); aisle; au (out); ell; c (k); ebat; db {tM)\ ffo; sins, i^k; tlUn.

Digitized byLjOOQlC




number represented in the French system

(also U. S.) by 1 followed by 21 ciphers, and

in the Englisn system by 1 followed by 36

ciphers. [formerly a grave-digger.

sex^ton, sex't§n, n. A janitor of a church;
sex^tn-ple, sex'tiu-pl, a. Sixfold.
sex^u-al, sex'yu-al, a. Of or pertaining to

the sexes, or sex.
sbaVby, shab'i, a. [shab'bi-er; shab'-

Bi-EST. J Threadbare; ragged; metm; paltry.
— shab^-

bi-ly« adv.


bi-ne8S« n.
8 li a c k

shac, n. A

rude cabin,

as of logs.
shack ^l(e,



L ( £ ) D ; Log Sback.


IING.] To fetter. II. n. 1. A fetter;
gyve. 2. A fastening.

shad , shad, n. A deep'bodied food-fish.

shad^dock, shad'QC, n. A tropical fruit
akin to the orange; also, the tree yielding it.

shade, shgd, vt. & vi. [sha'ded**: sha'-
DiNG.] 1 . To screen from light and heat;
shield. 2. To blend, as colors; modify.

shade, n. 1. Obscuritv; gloom; dusk;
shadow. 2. A shady place; retreat. 3.
A screen. 4. A gradation of color; mi-
nute difference. 5 . A ghost. 6. pi. Hades.

shad'o^v, shad'O. I. vt. & vi. 1. To
cast a shadow; shade; darken. 2. To
foreshow dimly: often with forth or out.
3. To follow as a spy; dog. II. n. 1.
Partial darkness caused by the interception
of light; shade; gloom; obscurity; sad-
ness. 2. Sometnine shadowy; a type;
faint trace. 3. Shelter; covert; protec-
tion. — shad'ow-y, a. Full of shadows;
dark; vague; unreal; ghostly.

sha'dy, sh§'di, a. [sha'di-er; sha'di-
EST J 1 . Full of shade; casting a shade;
shaded. 2. Dubious; suspicious.

shaft^, shgft, n. 1. A spear; dart;
arrow; the stock or stem of such a weap-
on. 2* The part of a column between
capital and base; an axle, thill, or the like.

shafts, n. A well-like opening connected
witha mine; the tunnel of a blast-furnace.

shas, shag, n. A rough coat or mass, as
of Tiair.— shag'bark^, n. The white
hickory.— ghajr'ffv, a. [shag'gi-er;
SHAG'Gi-EST.l With rough hair or wool;
ragged; rough.— ahas^si-ness, n.

sha-green', sha-grtn% n. The rough skin
of various fishes: used for polishing;
rough-grained Oriental leather.

8hah, shd, n. A Persian king or ruler.

shake, shek. I. vt. & vi. [shook;
sha'ken; sha'king.] 1. To move rap-
idly to and fro or up and down; agitate;
jolt; wave; tremble; trill. 2. To weak-
en^ impair; shatter. II. n. A shakinj^;

agitation; vibration; jolt.— sharker, she'-

' 1. One who or that which shakes

A member of a religious sect In the

kfir, n. 1 . One who or that which shakes
2. [S-] A member of a religious sect In the
United States.- sha^ky , a. [slate.

shale, sh§l, n. A fragile rock resembling
shall; shal, v. [should.] [A defective
auxiliary verb.] 1. [shall, Ist person
sing. & pi.] Am to, or are to. 2. [shalt,
M per. sing.; shall, Sdper. sing. & pL]
Art to, is to, or are to.

Shall and toill, as auxiliaries expressing
simple futurity, are used as follows: I shall;
thou wilt; he will; we shall; you will; they
will. As auxiliaries expressing a promise,
determination, command, or permission,
their use Is precisely the opposite, viz.: I

will' thou Shalt; he shall; we will; you
shall; they shall.

shaFlop, shal'ep, n. A small open boat.

shal'loiir, shal'G. I. a. Lacking depth;
shoal; superficial. II. n. A shallow
place; shoal. [shall, v.

shaltn, Shalt, 2d per. sing. pres. ind. of

sham, sham. I. vt. & vi. [shammed;
sham'ming.] To pretend falsely; feign.
II. a. Pretended; counterfeit. III. n.
A false pretense; imposture; deception;
also, a pretender; impostor.

shani^l(e, sham'bl, vi. [sham'bl(e)d;
sham'bling.] To walk with shufliing gait.

sham'bles, sham'blz, n. pi. A slaughter-
house; formerly, a meat-market.

shame, sh§m. I. vt. I^shamed; sha'ming.I
To make ashamed j disgrace. II. n. 1. A
painful sense of guilt or degiadation ; some-
thing that makes ashamed; a
disgrace. 2. Modesty.

— shame'ful, a. Disgrace-
ful; scandalous; Indecent, -ly,
adv. -ness, ro.— shaine^less,
a. Immodest; Impudent, -ly,
adv. -ness, n.

shame^faced^, shem'f gsf, a.
Bashful; abashed.

sham^myy sham')» n. Same aa


sham-poo', sham-pti', vt. To ^

wash and rub, as the skin of shamrock,
the head or body.

sham^rock, sham'rec, n. A trifoliolate
plant, as the white clover.

shank, sha^k, n. The leg between the

papfi, Qsk; at, air; element, th6y, usfge; It, |, t (ee); o, oh; orator, er; full, rllle; but-

Digitized byVjOOQlC



knee and the ankle: the shaft of a tool
connecting with the handle.

slian^ty, shan't!, ». [shan 'ties', p/.] A
hut; cabin.

sbape, shgp. I. vt. & vi. [shafed*

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