James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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(rarely sharpen); sharping.] To mold;
form; adjust; adapt; imagine. II. n.
Outward form or expression; guise; as-
pect; statement.— shape^less, a. Having
no definite shape. -1 3-, adt?.— ghape'ly*
a. Graceful; symmetrical.

sliare, shar, v, [shared; sharping.]
I. ^. 1 . To give a part of to another;
divide: followed by with. 2. To enjoy or
endure in common ; participate in. 3 . To
distribute: with between or among. II. i.
To have a part or a share; participate.

sliare^^n. A portion. [cultivator.

sliare^, n, A plowshare; a blade, as of a


White Shark, i/aio
a, month; b, tooth.

sbark, shOrk, n. A voracious cartilagi-
nous fish.

sbarp, sharp. I. a. 1. Having a keen
edge or an acute point. 2. Keen of per-
ception; quick'Witted: shrewd. 3. Ar-
dent; qnicK; eager. 4. Painful; harsh;
rigorouB; sarcastic; bitter; pungent. 5.
ShriU. 6. DisUnct, as in outiine. 7.
Mus. Being above the proper pitch.
II. n. 1. Mw. A note raised a half
step in pitch, or a character ($) indicating
this. 2. A long and slender needle. 3.
A sharper. III. adv. In a sharp manner;
on the very instant, -ly, adv. -ness, n.-—
fiharp^en, shflrp'n, vt. & vi. To make* or
become sharp.— sharp^er, n. A swindler.

sliat^ter, shat'gr, vt. & vi. To break
into many pieces; fall or fly in pieces;
smash; shiver; breakdown body or mind.

shave, sh6v. I. vt. & vi. [shaved; sha'-
vEN or shaved; sha'ving.j 1. To make
smooth by scraping; remove, as beard,
with a razor. 2. To slice very thin; graze
past; skim along the surface of. II. n. 1.
The act of shaving. 2 . A blade, with two

handles, for shaving wood, etc. 3. A
shaving.— sha'ver, n. 1 . One who shaves;
shaiper. *i, LCoUoq.l A lad.— sha^vinfff
n. 1. The act of one who shaves. *Z» A
thin paring shaved from anything.

sliaivl, sh61, 71. A wrap, as a square of
cloth, worn over the upper part of the
body. [or female named or understood.

slie, eht^pron.fem. This or that woman

sheaf, shif, n. [sheaves, shtvz, pi.]
The stalks of cut grain, bound together.

shear, shtr, vt. & vi. [sheared or
shore; sheared or shorn; shear'ing.]
To clip close with shears or scissors.

shears, shlrz, n. sing. & pi. Any large

cuttuig* or clipping-instrument worked by

the crossing of cutting edges, [scabbard.

— sheath flrovrnt a close-fitting gown

somctliues slit at the side— sheathe, shidh,


or as Into a sheath; cover.— Hheath'inflr*
shIdU'lng, 11. 1, A casing, as of a building.
*i. The act of one who sheathes.

sheave, shtv, n. A grooved pulley- wheel.

sheaves, shtvz, n. Plural of sheaf.

shed, shed, vt. & vi. [shed; shed'ding.]
1. To throw oflf; turn off, as rain; cast
off; molt. 2>. To cause to flow out. as
tears or blood; emit. [nut.

shed, n. A small low building; cabin;

sheen, shtn, n. A glistening brightness.

sheep, shtp, n. sing. & pi. A small
ruminant quadruped prized for its flesh
and wool; also, leather made from its
skin, sheep^skln'^it* — sheep'scote'',
n. A small enclosure for sheep, s.sfoldj:*
— sheep 'ish, a. Awkwardly dlfQdent;
abashed, -ly, adv. -ness, n.

sheer, shtr, vi. To swerve; turn aside.

sheer, a. Unmitigated; absolute; down-
right; perpendicular; steep.

sheer, n. A swerving or curving.

sheers, shlrz, n. An apparatus of poles
and hoisting-tackle, for raising weights.

sheet, shit. I**, t?^. 1. To fumisn with
sheets; cover as in a sheet; shroud. 2.
To spread out into a sheet or sheets; ex-
pand. II. n. 1 . A thin and broad piece,
as of paper or metal, or of cloth for a bed;
any broad, flat surface, as
of water. 2. A rope or
chain from a lower comer
of the sail to extend or move 1
it; also, a sail.— 8heet'»an"- '
chor, n. One of two an-
chors for use only In emep-
gency; a sure dependence.-*
sheet'inflTf n. Cloth for Shekel.

shetk, shtk or shdk, n. In Moslem coun-
tries, a venerable man; head of a tribe.

Gt; fi11t}Qre(futare); aisle; au (otit); Ml; c (k); chat; dh (the); go; sinci ipk; thin.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



sliek'el, shek'el, n. 1 . An Aseyrian and
Babylonian weight. 2, A Hebrew silver
coin worth about 60 cents. See illus. on
preceding page.

«nelf, shelf, n. [shelves, vl.] 1. A
board or slab set horizontally into or
against a wall, fl, A flat projecting ledge
of rock; a reef; shoal.

shell, bhel. I. vt. & vi. 1. To enclose
in or separate from a shell, husk, or the
like. 2. To bombard with shells. II. n.
A hard structure, incasing an animal, egg,
or fruit; a li^ht racing rowboat; a hollow
shot filled with an explosive; a metallic
cartridge-case.— shell'bark'^, n. Same as
SHAGBXRK.— HhelPfflsh^, ft. Any aquatic
animal having a shell, as an oyster.

sheFlac'', shel'ac" or shellac', n. Crude
lac prepared for varnish.

sherter, shel'ter. I, vt. To screen;
shield; house. II, n. A refuge; a cover
from the weather; house; home.

shelve^, shelv, vt. [shelved; shelv'-
ING.] 1 . To lay on the shelf; postpone;
put aside; retire. 2. To provide with
shelves. [beach.

shelve^, vi. To incline gradually, as a

sl&ep'lierd, shep'grd, n. A keeper of
sheep ; a pastor, leader, or guide.

— shep^herd-ess, n.fem.
sher'bet, shgr'bet, n. 1 . A flavored wa-
ter-ice. 2 . An Oriental drink of f ruit- j nice.

sherd, shfird, n. A fragment of pottery.

■her'l AT, sher'if , n. The chief administra-
tive oflicer of a county, who executes the
mandates of courts, etc.— sher'lir-al-ty,

n. [-TIES', pl.'\

sher'ry, 6her'i, n. [-rier*, pi.] The
wines of Jerez, m Andalusia, Spain, [etc.

shewn, she w'bread'^ etc. SameassHow,

shlb'bo-leth, shib'o-leth, n. A party
test-word : cp. Judges xii, 4, 6.

shield, shtld. I<). vt. To protect; de-
fend. II. n. A broad piece of defensive
armor, commonly carried on the left arm;
a defense or defender; shelter.

shlftd, shift, vt. & vi. To change; substi-
tute; try expedients; manage; evade.

shift, n. 1. The act of shifting. 2. A
substitute; expedient: trick; evasion. 3.
An undergarment. 4. A relay of work-
men; also, the working time of each gang.

— shlflt^less, a. Inefficient; Incapable.
shlFllns:, shiring, n. A current silver

coin of Great Britain, worth 24 cents.
shiriv • shal^y, tjhil'i-shal'i. 1. vi.
[shil'ly - shal'lied; shil'lt - shal'ly-
iNG.] To vacillate; trifle. II. n. Weak
vacillation; Irresolution.

shlm'mer, shim'gr. I. vi. To emit a

tremulous light; glimmer. II. n. A
tremulous gleam: glimmer.

shlu,shin. I. vt.&vi. [shinned; shin'-
NiNo.] To climb by the clasp of hands
and legs; to trot about. II. n. The front
part of the leg below the knee; the

shine, shain. I. vt. & vi. [shone; shi'-
NiNG.J To give light; beam; glow; gleam;
be illustrious, n. n. Brightness; fair
weather; sunshine. — shinning, a. &n.

shln^gle, shi^^l, vt. [bhin'gled; smN'-
GLiNG.] 1 . To cover with or as wilh
shingles. 2. To cut (the hair) short.

shln'ig^le, n. One of the thin, tapering
pieces of wood, used to cover roofs.

siilp, ship, i;. [shipped^; ship'ping.] fi. 2.
1, To transport by ship; also, by rail or
other mode of conveyance. 2. To receive
on board ship; hire, as sailors. II. i. To
go on board ship; enlist as a seaman.

ship, n. A large seagoing vessel with
usually three masts, carrying square sails.
— ship^mate'^, n. A fellow sailor.— ship'-
ment, n. The act of shipping, or that whtch
la shipped.— Bhip'per, n.— shlp^piiiff, n.
1, Snips collectively. 2* The act of snip-
ping.— ship^wreck^. I^, vt. To wreck,
as a vessel; ruin; destroy. II. n. The par*

tial or total destruction of a ship at eea;
destruction; ruin.— ship'vi
ship-carpenter or -builder.

ip at 6<

shire, shXr or shair, n. A county.
shirk, shgrk. I*, vt. & vi. To avoid or

evade. II. n. One who shirks.
shirt, shgrt, n. A cotton or linen under-
garment of men.
shlv'eri, shiv'er. I. vt. & vi. To break

suddenly into fragments; shatter. II. n.

A splinter; sliver.
shlv'er^. I. vt. & vi. To tremble, as

with cold or fear; shake; quiver. II. /<•

A shivering or quivering from any caii!<'.
shoals shol. 1..vt.& vi. To make or grow

shallow. II. a. Of little depth; sha]l<»t-

III. n. A shallow place in any body of

water; a sand-bank or -bar.
shoal^. I. vi. To throng in shoals. II.

n. A multitude; throng, as of lisb.
shock^S shec, vt. To shake by sudden

collision; jar; horrify; disgust— shoch'-

ing, pa. Causing a mental shock; horrible;

repugnant; distressing, -ly, adv. -neHt«« ^•
shockat, ^^. & ^. To gather (grab) into

a shock or shocks.
sh ock S 71. 1 . A violent concussion; blow.

2. A sudden and violent agitation or io-

jury; startling emotion.
shock^, n. Sheavds of grain, stalks of

papd, Qsk; at, air; el^m^nt, thdy, us§ge; It, |, i (ee); o, oh; erat^r, dr; fall, rOle; oau

Digitized byLjOOQlC



maize, or the like, set together upright in a

sliock', shec, n. A coarse tangled mass,
aa of hair.

•bock, a. Shaggy; bushy.

shod, shed, imp. &pp. of shoe, v.

sbod^dy, shod'i. I. a. [shod'di-er;
shod'di-bst.] Made of or containing
shoddy: sham. II, n. Fiber or cloth
made of shredded woolen rags; sham.

sboe, shfl. I. vt. [shod; shod or shod'-
den; shob'ing.] to furnish with shoes.
II. n. [shoes, plJ\ A covering or pro-
tection for the foot.— shoe^ma^ker, n.

shone* shOn, imp. & pp. of 8Hinb, v.

shook, sbuk, imv.&pp. of shake, v.

sbook, n. A bundle of barrel staves, or
the like, in order for setting up.

•boot, shot, V. [shot; shoot'ino.] "K. t.

I. To hit or kill with a missile. 2. To
discharge, as a projectile or a firearm ; send
forth, as a growth ; i^rotrude. II. i. 1 . To
discharge a projectile; dart swiftly; flash
along, as a oira or a star. 2» To grow
out rapidly; jut out; protrude.

•boot, n. 1. A young branch; offshoot.

2» A rapid in a stream. 3* An inclined

passage; a chute,
sbop^shep. I.,vt. [shopped*; shop'ping.]

To visit snops for purchase of goods. II.

n. 1. A place for the sale of goods at

retail. 2. A place for manufacturing or

repairing.— shop^plnfi;, n.
sbore, snOr, vt. [shored; shor'ino.] To

support, as a wall, by a prop of timber.
sbore^ n. A beam set endwise as a prop.
sbore^, n. The land ad-

iacent to an ocean, sea,

lake, or large river. [v.
shorn, 8h5rn, pp. of shear,
sbort, shdrt. I. a. Of

slight length, height, or

duration; not long or tall;

brief; scant; curt: crisp.

II. n. 1 . The substance
or pith of a matter. 2.
Anythhig that is short, as
a short syllable; a defi-
ciency. III. adv. In a
short manner.— short '-
aflre, shSrt'eJ, n. The
amount by which anything vipthnd of Prnn.

ure; dellnquency.-short'- * ^^^^^ ^*^*
en, shSrt'n, vt. &,vi. 1 . To make or become
short or shorter; curtail; reduce; lessen. "Z,
To make crisp, as pastry.— sh or t'h and ^,
n . Stenography or phonoCTaphy .— sh or t'«
llved'^, shSrt'-lalvd", a. LIvlne but a short
time.— short'lv, adv. 1. After a short


time; quickly; soon. 3. In few words; briefly.
3. Abruptly.— shortness, «.— short'*
siffht^ed, a. 1. Near-sighted. 2. Lack-
ing foresight or discernment. -ly, adv.
-nesB, n.

sbotS shet, vt. [shot'hw^ bhot'ting.]
To load with shot

shot^, imp. & pp. of SHOOT, V.

sbot, n. [shot or shots, pi.] 1 . A mis-
sile, as of iron or lead, to be sent from
a firearm; also, such missiles collectively.

2. The act of shooting; a stroke or hit.

3. A marksman. 4. The reach or range
of a projectile.

should, shud, imp. of shall, v.

•boul'der, shol'dfir. i.vt.&vi. 1. To
take upon the shoulder; sustain; bear. 2.
To push with or as with the shoulder. II.
n. 1. The joint connecting the arm or
fore limb with the body. 2. An enlarge-
ment, projection, or ofl!set.

sbout, shaut. t^, vt. & vi. To utter with
a shout; utter a shout; cry out loudly. II.
n. A sudden and loud resonant outcry.

sb.oTe,shuv. I.*vt.&vi. [shoved; shov'-
iNG.l To push; press agamst; jostle. II.
71. The act of pusliing; a push.

sboT^el, shuv^. I. vt. & vi. [shov'eled
or shov'elled; shov'el-ing or shovel-
ling.] To take up and move or gather
with a shovel; work with a shovel. II. n.
An implement with a handle and a broad,
flat blade, for digging.

sbo^Mr, sho, V. [showed ; SHOWN or
showed; SHOw'iNG.l I. ^. To present to
view J exhibit; explain; reveal; prove;
convince^ confer; bestow. II. I. To be-
come visible; appear; seem.— show'ing,
n. Show; display; statement.

8bo%v, n. A spectacle; exhibition; display;
parade; pretense; semblance; indication;
promise.— show'bread", n. In the Jewisli
ritual, loaves of unleavened bread set forth
In the sanctuary, and changed every Sabbath.

sboiv'er, shau'gr, vt. & vi. To sprinkle;
pour out; rain; scatter.

sbow'eri, n. A fall, as of rain, hail, or
sleet, of short duration; abundant supply.
— show'er-y; a.

sbofv'er", sho'gr, n. One who shows.

shovi^'y,shO'i, a. Making a show; gaudy;
gay; ostentatious. — show ' I - ly , adv. —
show'i-ness, n.

shrank, shrank, imp. of shbink, v.

sbrap^nel, shrap'nel, n. A shell filled
with bullets to be scattered by its explosion.

sbred, shred. I. vt. [shred or shred'-
DED<*; shred'ding.] To tear or cut into
shreds. II. n. A small strip torn or cut
off: a bit; fragment.

dr; fiat|flre (future); cUsle; au (ovt); eil; e (k); chat; db (the); go; sing, i^k; tbln.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



slireiv*, BhrQ, n. A scolding woman.

slirew^t n. A small mouse-like animal.

slireiird, shrQd, a.
Keen; sharp; saga-
-ly, adv. -ness, n.

slireiw'lsli, shrO'ish, ^. , ,

a. Like a shrew; ill- Shrew. 1/5

tempered. — shrew^ish-Iy, adv. — shrew'-
ish-ness, n.

sbirlek, shrtk. I*, vt. & vi. To utter with
a shriek; utter a shriek. II. n. A sharp,
shrill outcrj; a scream. [solution.

slirlft, shrift, n. The act of shriving; ab-

slirlKl, shril, a. Sharp and piercing, as a
sound. — 8hril(Fy, a. Rather shrill.—
8hrll(Py,ad». Inashrlll manner. shiiKlt,
— shril (I'ness, 7i. [like crusiacean.

shrimp, shrimp, n. A slender, lobster*

shrine, shrain. I. vi. [shrined; shri'-
NiNG.l To enshrine. II. n. A receptacle
for relics; a place of peculiar sanctity.

shrink, shripk, vt. & vi. [shrank,
shrunk; shrunk, shrunk'en; shrink'-
ING.J 1. To draw together; contract; di-
minish. 2. To draw back; withdraw; re-
coil.— shrink'age, shripk'gj, n. Contrac-
tion; amount lost by contraction.

shrlTe, shraiv, vt. [shrove, shrived;
shriv'en, shrived; shri'ving.] R.C.Ch.
To grant absolution upon confession.

slirlT'el, shriv'l, vt. & vi. [-eled or
-elled; -el-inq or -el-ling.] To shrink
and wrinkle; wither.

shrond^ shraud, vi. To clothe in a
shroud; envelop; veil.

shrond^, n. A garment for the dead;

shroud^, n. One of a
set of ropes forming part
of the standing rigging
of a vessel. Usually in
the plural.

shrove, shrOv, imp. of
shrive, v.

Shrove'tlde'^, shrOv'-
tcud', n. The three days
immediately preceding
Lent. Shi ^v.v.„ v^eir

shrub, shrub, n. A Connections,
woody, perennial plant „ c. shrouds; g, rat-
smaller than a tree; ateU-^J; topmast-
bush.- shrul^ber-y,' n. ^«''«t»y''-
r-iES», pl.'\ Shrubs collectively.— shrnb^-
by, a.

shrug, shrug. I. vt. & vi. [shrugged;
shrug'ging.J To draw up (the shoulders),
as in displeasure. II. n. The act of shrug-
ging the shoulders.

shrank, imp. & pp. of shrink, v.


shrunk^en, shru^k'n, pa.; also pp. of
shrink, v. Contracted and atrophied.

shud'der, shud'gr. l,vi. To tremble, as
from fright or cold; shiver. II. n. The
act of snuddering; convulsive shiver, as
from horror or fear; aversion.

shurile, shuf'l, v. [shuk'fled; shup'-
FLiNG.] 1. t. To shift; mix; confuse.
II. i. 1 . To change the relative position
of cards in a pack; cnange position; evade;
prevaricate. 2. To scrape the feet along;
move awkwardly.

shuffle, n. A shuffling; evasion.

shun, shun, vi. [shunned; shun'ning.]
To avoid; refrain from.

shunt, shunt. I«*. vt. & vi. To turn aside;
switch, as a railway car. II. n. A turn-
ing aside; the act of switching; a switch.

shut, shut, v. [shut; shut'ting.] I. t.

1. To close; stop; obstruct. 2. To bar
out; exclude. 3* To keep in; confine. 4^
To obscure; hide. II. i. To be closed.

sh ut, pa. Made fast or closed.

shut^ter, shut'^, n. One who or that
which shuts; a hmged cover for a window.

shnt'tle, shut'l, n. A device used in
weaving to carry the thread to and fro. —
shnt'lTe-cock^, n. A rounded piece of
cork, with a crown of feathers, used In the
game of battledore and shuttlecock; also, the
game Itself.

shy, shai. I. vi. [shied; shy'ing.] 1.
To start suddenly aside, as a horse. 2.
To sling; fling. II. a. [shy'er; shy'-
est; or shi'er; sui'est.] 1. Easily
frightened; timorous; coy. 2* Circum-
spect; wary. [scale.

si, st, n. Mu8. The seventh note of the

slb^l-lant, sib'i-lont. I. a. Having a
hissing sound. II. n. A hissing sound,
as of 8. — sll/l-Iance, n.

slb'yl, sib'il, n. 1 . Anc. Myth. A prophet
ess. 2. A sorceress. — rfl/y I - line, a.
Of, pertaining to, or like a sibyl.

sick, sic, a. 1. Affected with disease; ill.

2. Nauseated; surfeited; languishing.

— slck'en, vt. & vi. To make or grow
sick, disgusted, or weary; to deteriorate.—
sick'ish. o.-sick^iy, a. 1. Habitually
Indisposed; ailing. JJ, Faint. — slck'Ii-
ness, n.— sick'ness, n.

slek^le, sic'l, n. A reaping implement
with a long, curved blade.

side, said. I. vi. [si'ded**; si'ding.]
To range oneself on the side: followed by
toith. II. a. Situated at or on one side;
lateral; minor; subsidiary. III. n. 1.
Any one of the bounding lines or surfaces
of an object. 2. A lateral part of a sur-
face or object. 3. A faction; sect. 4.

papd, ask; at, air; el^m^nt, th^y, usf ge; It, |, i (ee); o, 5h; orator, dr; full, rule; but,

Digitized by LjOOQ l€



One of two opposite opinions.— sl'dle, vt.
A vi. [si'dlkd; 81'dlinq.] To move, or
cause to move, sidewise.— side^ionir^'^. I.
a. Inclining or tending to one side; lateral.
II, adv. In a lateral or oblique direction.—
side'wise". I. a. Directed or moving
toward the side; sidelong. II. adv. Toward
or from the side; on one side, side^wayg'^^it.

:«l-de^re-al, sai-dt'rg-al, a. Pertainmg to
stars; constituted of or containing stars.

slese, 8tj» n. The i)esieging of a town or
a fortified place.

sler'ra, sier'a, n. A mountain range.

sles'ta, sies'ta, n. A mid-day nap.

sleTe, siv, n. A utensil or apparatus for
sifting through meshes, as of wire.

8lfV;<>« sift, '0. \, t. 1. To separate with a
sieve, a. To examine; scrutmize. II. i.

1 . To fall or pass as through a sieve. 2*
To practise scrutiny.— slft'er, n.

sight, sai. I. m. 1 . To utter a sigh ; la-
ment, a. To yearn; long. II. n. A
deep respiration, as in sorrow. •

sight, salt. \^, vt. 1. To discover. 2.
To furnish with sights, as a gun; aim.
II. n. 1. The faculty of seeing; vision.

2. A view; spectacle. 3. The range of
vision; point of view; estimation. 4. A
device to assist aim, as on a gun, leveling-
instrument, etc.— sijKht'Iess, a. Blind. —
siffht^ly. a. 1, Pleasant to the view;
comely. 2. Affording a fine view.

sign, sain. I. vi. & vi. To affix one^s
name to; write one's name; make signs;
signal. II. w. 1. A pantomimic gesture.
2. An inscription or the like to indicate a
place of business. 3. A mark; symbol.

slg^nal, sig'nal. ^I. vt. & vi. [sio'-


LiNo.] To make signals to; communicate
by signals. II. a. Remarkable; conspic-
uous. III. n. A sign agreed upon or
understood, as conveymg information.

— sisr'nal-ize, sig'nal-alz, vt. [-ized;
-I'ziNG.] To render noteworthy.— sigr^nal-
ly, adv. In a signal manner; eminently.

sl^'na-ture, sig'na-chur or -tiQr, n. The
signing of one's name, or the name signed.

slg'net, sig'net, n. A seal.

slg-nin-cant, sig-nif'i-cant, a. Having
or expressing a meaning.— sig-niPi-cance,

slfi?iil-fF, slg'ni-fdi, v. [-riED; -fy"inq.]
R. t. 1. To make known by signs or
words; betoken in any way. 2. To amount
to; matter. II. i. To be of importance.

sPsrnlor, sl'nygr, n. Same as seignior or


si'flrnor, n. Anglicized form of the Italian

title signore: equivalent to sir or Mr.— n\m

Sno^ra, n. The equivalent to madam or
rr«.— si'^irno-ri'na, n. The equivalent

to Mi88.

si^laire, sal'lgj, n. Same as exsilaoe.

sl^lenee, sai'lgns. I. vt. [si'lenced*;
si'len-cing.1 To render silent; quiet.
II. n, 1. The state of being silent; a
keeping still and mute. 2. Secrecy;

sl'lent, soi'lgnt, a. Noiseless; still; un
spoken; not speaking; mute.
-ly, adv. -ness, n.

slF^ou-ette', sil'u-et% n. A profile
drawing or portrait.

sU^l-ea, sil'i-ca, n. A hard, crystalline
substance, the principal constituent of
quartz and sand.— si-lic^ic. si-lis'ic, a.
Pertaining to or consisting of silica.— si -li'-
cioiis, sl-lish'us, a. Pertaining to or con-
taining silica.

silk, silk. I. a. Silken: silky. II. n.

1. A delicate, glossy, fibrons substance
produced by the larvae of silkworms, to
form their cocoons. 2. Cloth or garments
made of silk. 3. Anything silky.

— silk'en, a. 1. Made of or like silk.

2. Luxurious.—
silk' Worm", n.
The larva of a cer-
tain moth that pro- 1
duces a dense
silken cocoon.—
8i1k'y,a. [silk'-


Like silk; silken.
slll,sil,n. A hori-
zontal timber at
the bottom of
a building, door,

«fi/iv a.\\'\ n Silkworm CD and

sll'lv, sill, a. Moth (2).

[8il'li-er;sil'li- '

EST.] Destitute of ordinary good sense;
foolish; stupid.— sIFII-ness, «.

sl'lo, sai'lO, n. Any close pit in which
green fodder is stored.

slit, silt. \^,vt.&,vi. To obstruct with
sediment. II. n. Fine earthy sediment
deposited by a stream.

sll'ver, flil'v^r. I. vt. To plate with sil-
ver; give a silvery hue to. II. a. Made
of silver or resembling silver; having a
pure, bell*like tone. III. n, A white,
ductile metallic element: one of the pre-
ciousmetals; silver coinorsilverware. — wl'-
ver-insr, n. A plating or covering of silver.
— 8il'ver-8inith''',n. A worker in silver; a
maker of silverware.— sil'ver-ware", n.
Articles made of silver. — si I'ver-y, o.
Containing, adorned with, or like silver.

at I

nf '

Gr; fiut|9re(fntare); aisle; au (out); ell; c (k); chat; dh (^^e); go; sing, i^k; thin

Digitized byLjOOQlC



•Im^l-an, sim'i-an. I. a. Like an ape or
monkey, slm^l-ousf. II. n. An ape
or monkey.

slm^-lar, Bim'i-lar, a. Having resem-
blance; like.— slm'l-Iar'l-ty, n. [-tibs",

fi.] Resemblance; likeness.— sim'i-Iar-
y, adv.
stm^l-le, Bim'i-U or -le, n. A rhetorical

figure expressing comparison, by the use of

such terms as like^ as. 80, etc.
sl-mlFl-tude, si-mil'i-tiad, n. Similar-
ity; that which is similar; simile.
slm'l-tar, sim'i-tor, n. An Oriental

sword or saber of

extreme curve.
Sim ^ mer, sim'gr,

vt. & vi. To boil

gently or with

singing sound.
sl-moom^, Bi-m11m% n. A hot, dnr wind

of the desert, as in Africa and Arabia.

slm'per, sim'pgr. I. vi. To smile in a

silly, self-conscious manner. II. n.
A silly, self-conscious smile.
slm'plCe, sim'pl. I. a. [sim'plbr;
sim'plbst.] 1. Consisting of one thing;
single; plain; unadorned; sincere; Artless,
a. Silly; feeble-minded. II. n. 1. That
which IS simple, a. A medicinal plant.
3. A simpleton.— 8im'pl(e-toii, sim'pl-
n. A weak-minded or silly person.
j-plic'l-ty, 8im-pli8'I-ti, n. [-ties-, p
The state of being simple. sim'pKe-nesst.
*• - 'tio * * -' — '"•'*—

a Turkish Simitar.

slm-plic^i-ty, slm-plis'l-ti, n. r-TiE8«,p/.]
~" »te of being simple. sim'pKe-nesst.
— Biin"-pli-fl-ca'tion, n.' A simplifying.
-sim'pfl-fy, vt. L-riKD- .rT'iNQ.]. To
render simple or more Intelligible.— gim'-
ply, adv.

slm^u-late, sim'yu-let, vt. [-liA'TED'J;
-LA" TING.] To imitate; counterfeit; mimic.
— sim^K-la'tion, n.

sliii''al-ta'iie-ous, sim"ul-t§'n§-us, a.
Occurring, done, or existing at the same
time. -ly, adv. -ness, n.

sin, sfai. I. vt. & vi. [sinned; sin'-
NiNO.] To transgress or disregard the
moral law. II. n. Any transgression of
a moral law; a fault; error; oflfenee.— sln'-
ful, a. Consisting In or tainted with sin;
wicked.— sin'lesst a. Having no sin; guilt-
less; Innocent.— sin'ner, n.

since, sins. I. adv. 1. From a past
time up to the present. 2. After and in
the mean time. 3. Before now. II.

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