James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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Online LibraryJames Champlin FernaldConcise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... → online text (page 7 of 88)
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»JIH3I»1V., XUI-

erable; emi-


popd, 9sk; at, &ir; elfm^nt, th^y, usfge; It, j, i (ee); o, oh; erat^r, or; full, rllle; but,

Digitized byLjOOQlC



lar, d-rlc'vn-lar. 1. Of or pertaining to
the ear or the hearing; audible; confidential.
3. Ear«8haped. 3* Of or pertaining to an
auricle. [bearing.

au-rirer-ous, S-rifgr-uB, a. Gold-
au^rlst, S'rist, n. One who treats dis-
B of the ear.

au-ro^ra, d-ro'ro, n. 1. A brilliant noc-
turnal radiance of the eky, in northern
latitudes called aurora barealis or northern
lights^ in southern latitudes called aurora
australis or southern lights. 2 . The glow of
early morning; dawn. 3. [A-] The Roman
goddess of dawn.

— au-ro'rai. a. Pertaining to or like
the dawn; dawning; roseate.

aus'plee, Ss'pis, n. Favoring influence
or guidance; patronage: commonly in the
plimd, auspices.

— aus-pi^cious, es-plah'us, a. Of good
omen; propitious; fortunate; happy, -ly,
adv. -mess, n.

aus-tere', Ss-ttr', a. 1. Severe; stem;
strict; abstemious. 2, Sour and astrin-
gent. 3. Severely simple, -ly, adv.

-nesst n.— au8-ter'i-ty, Ss-ter'l-tl, n.

[-TiB8», pl.'\ Gravity or rigr- '"

restraint; severity.

an antral, ds'trol, a. Southern; torrid.

au-tlien^tlc, 6-then'tic, a. Authorized;
trustworthy; genuine. au-tiien^tlc-
al$.— au-then'tlc-al-ly,a«?».— au-then'-
ti-cate, S-then'tl-k€t, vt. [-CA'TEDd; -ca'-
TiNQ.] To make or show to be authentic.
— au-then^tl-ca^tioiif n. An authenti-
cating; attestation: confirmation. — an'''-
then-tlc^i-ty, fi'then-tls'I-tl, n. The state
of being authentic, authoritative, or genuine.

au'tlior, d'th^r, n. An originator; crea-
tor; the original writer, as of a book; also,
one who makes a profession of writing.—
an^thor-esSf n./em.: now little used.—
au^thor-shipt'n. 1. The state, quality,
or function of an author. 2* Origination or

an-tlior^l-ty, S-thor'i-ti, n. [-ties", pi."]
1. The right to command; power; con-
trol. 2. A ruler or rulers; that which com-
mands confidence.— au-thor^i-ta-ti v(e,
-tg-tlv, a. Having authority; positive com-
manding, -ly, adv.

au'tlior-lze, e'thgr-aiz, vt. [-ized;
-I'ziNO.] To confer authority upon; em-
power; commission; justify; sanction.

— an^'^Chor-i-za^tion, S'thgr-l-zd'shmi,
n. The act of authorizing; legal sanction.

a.u"to-bl-og'ra-phy, 6"to-bai-eg'ra-fi,
n. [-praBS«, pl.\ The story of one's life
written by oneself. — au'^to-bi-og'ra-
pher, n.— an^to-bi^o-graph^ic-ai, a.

ng; acting mechanicallv; done with-
oution. au^to-ntarlc-alf.

au^to-boat, an^to-bus, au^to-car, au^iv -
to-cy^cle* n. A boat, an omnibus, a car,
or a bicycle propelled by motor power.

au^to-crat, S'to-crat, n. A supreme and
irresponsible ruler.— au-toc'ra-cy, d-tec'-
ra-8l, 71. r-ciBSSp/.] The rule of an auto-
crat ; absolute government.— au^to-crat^-
ic, fi'to-crtit'lc, a. Irresponsible ; despotic.

au'to-grapli, ©'to-ergf. I. a. Written
by one's own hand, as a note. II. n.
Writing done with one's own hand; one's
own signature.— au^'^to-graph^ic, graf'ic,
a. Of the nature of an autograph. -aU.

au^to-hyp-no^sis, n. Self 'hypnotism.

au^to-mat^lc, 9'to-mat'ic, a. Self*

an-tom^a-ton, &-tem'a-ten, n. [-tons
or-TA, -ta, pi.] A machine that imitates
actions of living beings.

an^to-nio-blle', S"to-mo-btl', n. A self*
propelling vehicle; horseless carriage.

an^to-mo-biFist, n. One who owns, drives,
or rides In an automobile.

d-ton'o-mi, n.
r-MiBs«, pi.]
ment; practical ,

with nominal * ,, „ ,, . ^
subordination ; ^ (»asollne Automobile.

au'top-8y, S'tep-si, n. [-sies*,jo/.] Post-
mortem examination of the human body.

au^tumn, ©'tum, n. The third season of
the year: often called /«//.— au-tum'nal,
a. Of or like autumn; ripening; declining.

aux-lFl-a-ry, Sgz-il'i-a-ri. I. a. Giving
aid; subsidiary; accessory. II. n. [-rie8«,
pi.] 1 . One who or that which aids; as
one verb in the conjugation of another.
2. pi. Allied troops. aux-lFl-ar^:.

a-valF, a-vm', V. I. ^. l. To help; aid;
profit. 2. To take; secure. II. i. To be
of advantage; suffice.

a-T-alF, n. 1 . Utility for a purpose; prof-
it; benefit. 2, pi. Proceecfs.— a-vafl''a-
bil'Uty, n. Fitness to serve a given pur-

Eose. a-valPa-bl(e-ue88t.— a-vaiPa-
l(e, a-vel'Q-bl, a. Capable of being used

advantageously; usable: profitable; valid; at

one's disposal.— a-vall^a-bly, adv.
av^a-lancli(e'^, av'a-lgnch', n. The fall

of a mass of snow or ice down a mountain*

slope; also* the mass so falling.
av^a-rlee, av'a-ris. n. Passion for riches;

covetousness; cupidity. — av'^a-ri'cloua,

av'a-rlsh'us, a. Greedy of gain; grasping;

miserly, -ly, adv. -ness, n.

Or; rim|^ (futore); olfile; au iout)\ ell; c (k); cbat; dli (tAe); go; eing, i^k; tbln.

Digitized byLjOOQlC


WfTWfV J a-y<iBt\ inUrj. Naut. Stop I hold!

a-Tann t', a-vOnt', interj. Begone I awav !

A' ve, 6'vl or a'v§, n. A prayer Jo the Vir-
gln, beginning Ave Maria (Hail Mary).

a-Tense^, a-veni', v. [a-vbnqbd'; a-vbn'-
gingT I. t. To take vengeance for (an
act) or in behalf of (a person). II. i. To
take vengeance; exact satisfaction.

— a-ven^ff er, n. One that avenges.
aT^e-nne, av'§-nia, n. A broad road.
a-ver', a-vgr', vt, [a-vbrrbd'; a-vbb'-

BIN0.1 To declare confidently; affirm.

— a-Ter'ment, n. Positive affirmation.
aT^er-ase, av'gr-|1. I. vt. [-agbd; -a-

QiNG.] To fix, or be the average of; ap-
portion on the average; take as an aver-
age. II. a. Obtained by calculating the
mean of several ; medium ; ordinary. III.
n. 1 . The quotient of any sum divided
by the number of its terms; the mean
amount, quantity, or the like. 2. The
ordinary degree or amount; general type.
a- verse', a-vgrs', a. Opposed; unfavor-
able; reluctant: with to. -ly, adv. -ness,
n.— a-ver'sion, a-vgr' shmi, n. 1 . Mental
opposition; antipathy. *^. That to which
one l8 averse.
a-vert'd, a-vgrt', vt. 1. To turn away or

aside. 2. To prevent; ward off.
a'vl-a-ry, §'[or o']vi-^-ri, n. [-ribs', pt.l

An enclosure for live birds.
a'vl-a"tor, e'vi-g't§r, n. One who oper-
ates an aeroplane.— a"vl-a'tlon, n. The
art of flying.
a-vtd'1-ty, a-vid'i-ti, n. Eager appetite;

greediness; chemical affinity.
av'^o-ca'tton,. aVo-k^'shun, n. A tran-
sient occupation; diversion; business.
a-vold'<i, a- veld', vt. To keep away from;
shun ; evade.— a-vold'a-bl(e, a.— a-vold'-
a-bly, arfo.— a-void'ance, n. The act
of avoiding or shunning.
av''otr-du-pols', av'§r-du-poiz', n. The
ordinary system of weights of the United
States and Great Britain. See weight.
a-vouch'S a-vauch', vt. To affirm posi-
tively; proclaim; vouch for* acknowledsje.
a-vow% a-vau', vt. To declare openly ;
own or confess frankly; acknowledge.

— a-vow^'al, n. Open declaration: ac-
knowledgment.— a-TOw'ed-ly,acf p. Con-
fessedly: openly.
a-iralt'^, a-wdt', vt. 1. To wait for; ex-
pect. 2. To be ready or in store for.
a-%vake<, a-wgk', v. [a-w(5kb', a-wok',
or a-waked'; a-wa'king.] \. t. To
rouse, as from sleep; excite; arouse; wake;
waken. II. i. To cease to sleep; become
awake or alert.

a-nrake^, a-w£k% a. Not asleep ; vigilant
a-nra'ken, a-w£'kn, vt. To awake.

— a-wa'ken-lns, a-w^'kn-ing. I. pa
Stirring; exciting. II. n. Tne act of
waking: an arouiing; revival.

a-nrard^'', a-wSrd'. I. vt. To adjudge:
apportion; assign; allow. II. n. A deci-
sion, as by a judge, umpire, or arbitrator, or
that which is awarded. [cognizant.

a-nrare', a-wfir% a. Knowing; conscions.

a- lira y', a-wfi', otfr. At or to a distance;
off; absent; aside; onandoncontinuouelj.

aiir(e, 6. I. vt. [aw(b)d; aw'ing or
awb'ing.J To impress with reverential
fear. II. n. Reverential fear; dread
mingled with veneration.

— aw'ful, S'ful, a. 1. Inspiring awe.
majestic and terrible. 2. Filled with awe.
— aw^fa1-ly, adv.— aw^ful-ness, n.

a-vrhlle', a-hwail , adv. For a time.

avrk'iirard, 6k' ward, a. 1. XJng^ac^
ful; unskilful; bungling. 2. Em-
barrassing or perplexing; also, diffi- Wl
cult or dangerous. -ly,arfr. -ness, n. tW '

avrl, SI, n. A pointed steel instra- y&^
ment for making small holes. \\B('

aiirn, Sn, n. A oristle of the beard
of a grass, as of wheat or rye.

avrn^ng, Sn'ing, n. A roof-like
shelter from sun or rain.

a-woke% a-w5k', imp. & pp. of


a-w^ry', a-roi' a. & adv. Toward ,
one side; crooked; obliquely; per-^^^^

ax, I ax, n. An edge-tool for chopping,

axe, ) hewing, or the like.

ax'I-al, ax'i-al, a. Of, i)ertaining to,

or constituting an



or E






or I

which a wheel Azalea

ay, ^, adv. Ever; always, ayet* — for aj
I or aye, forever; eternally.

papd, gsk; at, air; el©mgnt, they, U8§ge; It, |, i (ee); o, oh; orator, or; full, rtUe; bi»t

Digitized byLjOOQlC



Rye, cd. I. n. An expression of assent;

affirmatiyevote. 11. adv. Te8;yea. WLft*
a-SEa^e-a, a-z6'l|-a or a-zg1e-a. n. A

flowering shnib of the heath family. See

iilas. on preceding page.

az^ote^, az'Ot%n. C^em, Nitrogen: old name.
az'nre, azh'yl^. I. a. Uke the bine of

the8k7;8kT-blae;cloadle8s; spotless. II.
n. 1 . A clear sl^-blae color or pigment
3. The clear sky; the blnevaalt of heaven.


B, b, bt, n. [bebs, B's, or ^s, btz, n?.]

The second letter in the English alphabet
baa, bd. l,vi. To bleat as a sheep. II.

n. The bleat of a sheep.
babble, baVl. I. vt & vi. Tbab'sled;

BAB'BLiNG.l To Utter nnintelliglblv; at-

ter inarticnlate sounds; tell thoaghtlesslv;

murmur, as a stream; prattle. 11. n. The

rippling sound of a stream; prattle; gossip.
^baVbler, n.
babe, b§b, n. An infant; baby.
Barbel, bS'bel, n. 1 . The tower described

in Gen. zi, 9; also, Babylon. 2. [b- or B-]

Confusion of many voices or languages;

bab-oon', bab-Gn', n. A ferocious Old

World monkey.
ba'by, be'bi. I. vt.

[ba'bied; ba'bt-ing.]

To treat as a baby ; play

with. II. n. [ba'-

BiE8% plA A child in

arms; an infant

— ba^Y*hood, n. Uahnnn

The period of infancy; i»Doon.

the condition of being ababy.-ba'by-lsh,
a. Like a baby; Infantile. "» "^ ""»

bac'cba-nal, bac'a-ncd, n. A votary
of Bacchus; a drunken reveler, bac^-
cbantt ; bac'cb ante t , bac'ant(/«m.).
— bac^cha-na'll-a, bac'a-n6'lf-a or
-ng'll-o, n.pl. 1, [B-l Bom. Antig. A fes-
tival of Bacchcs. 2. Drunken revelries: or-
slcs.— bac^cha-na'llan. I. a. Of or
like bacchanalla. II. n. A bacchanal.

bacli'e-Ior, bach'§-lQr, n. 1. An un-
married man. S. One who has taken his
first university degree.

ba-cll^ns, bansirus, n. [ba-cil'li, -lai
or -It, pi.] A microscopic organism; mi-

backs bac,i^. 1.^. 1. To force backward.

2. To stand; uphold; sustain: support.

3. To mount; ride. 4. To address or in-
dorse. II. i. To move rearward.

— back'er, n. A supporter.
back, a. 1. In the rear; behind. 2.

A ferocious Old

Hemote or retired. 8. In arrears; over-
due; not paid; as, back pay.

back, bac, n. That side of the trunk near-
est the spine, in man the hinder, in quadru-
peds the upper part; the reverse or rear
part of anything.

back, adv. To or toward the rear; be-
hind; backward; in return; again.

— back^ite< vt. To revile or traduce
behind one's back. — back^l^ter, n. A
secret slanderer. — back'bf^tins, a. &n.
— back'sbone'^, n. The spine or verte-
bral column; firmness; resolution.— back'*
arronnd^, n. The part of a picture which
Is represented as behind the principal ob-

Iects: a subordinate position; obscurity.—
>ack'hand^ed, a. 1. Delivered with
the hand turned backward; equivocal; Iron-
ical. 2. Sloping to the left, as writing.—
backus! de^« n. The rear or hinder side.


back^Sam'mon, bac'gam'un, n. A
game played by two persons on a special
board, the moves being determined by

back'^v^ard, bac'ward, a. 1. Turned to
the back or rear; reversed. 2. Betiring
bashful. 3. Slow; dull. 4. Late; be
hindhand. — back'ward, adv. back' •
wardst*—back'ward-ly, adv.— back' •>
ward-ness, n.

ba'con, be'cun, n. The salted and drieik
or smoked flesh of the hog.

bac-te'rl-nm, bac-tl'ri-um or -t§'ri-fim,
n. A microscopic organism; microbe.

bad, bad. I. a. ["w^obse: wobstJ Oppo-
site to good; vicious; wicked; deficient;
incorrect; worthless; unfortunate; dis-
agreeable. II. n. 1. That which is bad;
those who are bad. 2. A bad state or
condition, -ly, adv. -ness, n.

bad(e, bad, imp. of bid, v.

badge, baj, n, A token or decoration.

bads^er, baj'gr, vt. To worry or pers»
cute; bait

er; fl1lt|f^(fatiire); cdde; an (ovt); ell; c (k); cbat; db (Me); go; ring, 19k; tkln.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



badfl^er, baj'er, n. A small, borrowing,
nocTurnal, and carnivorous mammal.

ba^dl-nage^, bg'di-ngzll^ n. Playfol
raillery; banter.

baffle, baf'l,
vL [bap'fled;


defeat, foil, or
frustrate; cir-
bag, bag. I. vt.
&vi. [bagged;
bag'qing.] 1

American Badger.

To put into a bag; capture or kill, as

fame. 2, To fill out like a bag; swell;
ulge'sag. II. n. 1. A sack or pouch;
the udder of a cow. 2. What a bag will
hold; game bagged.— bag'gy, a. Like a
bag; loose; bulging.

bas^'^a-telCle^, bag'a-tel', n. 1 . A trifle.
2, Games, A modification of billiards.

bas^^a^e, bag'gj, n. 1. [U. S.] The
trunks, packages, etc., of a traveler; lug-
gage. 2. An army's movable equipment.

l>&S^StnS> bag'ing, n. 1. The putting
into oags. 2 . Material for making bags.

bas'ptpe, bag'paip, n. A Scotch music-
alwind-instrument.— bag^pl'^pcr, n.

ball^ bel, vt. To admit to bail; set free
on bail; also, to become surety for.
— bail^a-bl (e, a. Admitting of ball.

ball^, vt. To provide with a bail or handle.

bail', vt. & vi. 1. To dip out, as water.
2. To clear of water by dipping it out.

balls /I. Law. 1. One who becomes sure-
ty for another. 2. The security g[iven or
agreed upon. 3. Release, or privilege of
release, on security for future appearance.

ball^, n. The handle of a pail.

ball', n. 1. A division in a stable. 2.
Cricket. One of the crosspieces of the

baiaift'r, be'lif, n. A local magistrate.

baPll- w^lck, b6'li-wic, n. The office, ju-
risdiction, or district of a bailiff.

bairn, bfirn, n. [Scot.] A child.

balt<>, bdt, 0. I. ^ 1 . To put a bait on
or in. 2. To feed while resting. 3. To
torment, as by setting dogs upon; harass;
worry. II. i. To stop for rest and re-

bait, n. 1 . Anything used to allure a fish
or other animal. 2. A luncheon.

balz(e, b§z, n. A napped woolen fabric
used for table-covers, etc.

bake, bSk, vt. A vi. [baked; ba'kenR;
ba'king.] To cook or become cooked by
dry and continued heat; vitrify by heat, as
bricks; do the work of baking.— backer,

A Balance.

n. One who bakes and sells bread, cake,
etc.— ba'ker-y,n. [-iE8«,p/.] A place for
baking bread, cake, etc.— ba^klns, n. The
act of baking; the quantity baked.

baFance, bal'ons. I. vt. & vi. [bal^-
ancbd; bal'an-
ciNG.] 1. To put
into or be in equilib-
rium; poise. 2. To
adjust or be adjusted,
as an account. 3.
To offset. 4. To
weigh; deliberate ;
ponder: hesitate. II. |
n. 1 . A pair of scales
or other instrument I
for weighing. 2.
The act of balancing.
3. The being in equi-
librium; equipoise. 4. Equality of debit
and credit; also, the difference or excess
on either side; remainder; surplus. 5.
The balance-wheel of a watch.

bal'eo-ny, bal'co-ni, n. [-NiES«,p/.] A
projected balustraded plat-
form before a window; a
tier of seats in a theater.

bald, bSld, a. Destitute of
hair or other natural cover-
ing; bare; unadorned.
-ly. adv. -ness, n.

bal^der-dash, bSl'dgr-
dash, n. An empty and
pretentious flow or words.

bale, bSl, vt. [baled; bai-
ling.] To make into a

bale^, n. A pack of goods
prepared for transportation.

bale^ll, n. Calamity; ruin; sorrow; wo.

— bale^fal, a. Hurtful; malign; malig-
nant; pernicious.

balks fb«k, v. I. t. To disappoint;

baulk, r thwart; frustrate. II. i. To stop
and refuse to proceed.— balk'y, bSk'i, a.
Disposed to balk.

balk. In. 1. An obstruction; hindrance;

baulk, I disappointment; defeat. 2. A
failure; miss; blunder. 3. A stop; feint.

ball, bSl, vt. & vi. To form into a ball or

balls n. Any round or spherical body; a
game played with a ball. [cing.

ball^, n. An evening assembly for dan-

bain ad, bal'ad, n. Any popular narrative

baFlast, baVost. l^.vt. To supply with
ballast: steady. II. n. Any heavy Bub<
stance in the hold of a vessel to steady it;
solid filling for a railroad-bed.

A Balcony.

papd, 98k; at, air; element, th^y, ns^ge; It, |, i (ee); o, oh; orator, or; full, raie; bat,

Digitized byLjOOQlC



t»al'let^, bgM§', n. A dance by women

on the stage: also, the dances collectively.

. t»al-loons bal-llln' n. A bag inflated

f with a light gas so that it rises and floats

in the air.— bal-loon'ist, n. One who

navigates a balloon: an aeronaut.

baiao t, bal'et. I**, vi. To vote by ballot.
II. n. 1. A written or printed ticket or
a little ball for voting. 2. The voting
secretly by balls or tickets; number or
votes so cast.

balm, bam. I. vi. To anoint, as with
balm. II. n. 1 . A soothing application.
2. An aromatic resin; balsam; also, a tree
or shmb that yields balm.— balm 'y,
bam'l, a. 1. Fragrant; aromatic. 2. Heal-
ing; soothing; mild.

bal'sam, bSl'sam, n. 1. An aromatic,
oily preparation used for healing; balm.
2. An aromatic resin, or the tree that
yields it; also, a flowering plant.

baFas-ter, bal'ns-tgr, n. One of a set of
small pillars that support a hand»rail and
form with the hand-rail a balustrade.

— bal'^us-trade', bal'us-tr^d', n. A
hand»rall supported by balusters.

bam-boo^, bam-bQ', n. A tall treelike
grass, its stem, wood, leaf, or flber, or any
article made from it.

ban, ban. I. vt. &
lA. [banned; ban'-
NiNG.] To place un- -
dera ban; anathema-
tize; issue a ban. II.

n. 1. A proclama- ^ *■

tion; a sentence of 'i^
outlawry; excommn- ^
nication; oath; curse, ^f
^.pi. An announce- i
ment of intention to

ba-na'na, ba-nd'na,
n. The fruit of a
large herbaceous
tropical plant; also, Bamboo,

the plant, bananas a* section of the stem at
plant. »»od«-

band, band. \^,vt. 1. To bind- nnite.
2. To stripe. II. n. 1. A bond; a flat
flexible strip used for binding. 2. Acom-
I)any, as of musicians.

band'age, band'fj. I. vt. [-aged; -a-
GiNo.] TO put a bandage on. II. n. A
strip, as of soft cloth, used in dressing
wonnds, etc.; any band.

band^ox'^, band'box", n. A light
round box for carrying bonnets, etc.

ban'dlt, ban'dit, n. [ban'dits or ban-
DiT'n, jrf.] A highwayman; brigand.

ban^dy, ban'di, vt [ban'died; ban'dt-

iNG.] To exchange, as words, blows, etc. ;

knock or pass to and fro.
ban'dy, a. Crooked outward at the

knees.— baii'dy«legged^, -legd, a. Bow»

ban'dT, n. [ban'dies*, /?/.] 1. Hockey.

2. A hockeystick.

bane, bgn, n. Anything noxious; a
scourge; disease; poison.- baneTuI, a.
Noxious; poisonous; deadly, -ly, adv.

bangs bang, vt. & vi. To strike with a
heavy souna; knock; beat.

bang3, vt. To cut straight across, as the
front hair.

ba ngi , n. A sudden or noisy blow, thnmp,
whack, or explosion.

bang^, n. Front hair cut straight across.

bans, adv. With a violent blow or loud
andsudden noise; abruptly.

ban'lan, Iban'yan, n. An East-Indian

ban'yan, ) tree, which sends down from
its branches roots that develop into acces-
sory trunks; Indian fig.

ban'IsbS ban'ish, vt. To expel from one^s
country; drive away; exile.— ban^ish-
ment, n. Exile; expulsion.

ban'ts-ter, ban'is-tfir, w. 1. A baluster.
%.pl. A balustrade: a corruption.

ban^Jo, ban'jo, n. A musical instrument
of the gui-
tar class.


bapk. \,rt.
& vi. To

make into a bank; shel-
ter under a bank; form
banks. II. n. 1. A
long acclivity; a rising
ground. 2. The land at
the edge of a watercourse.

3. A shallow; shoal.— bank'insi, n. The
f ormlngof a ridge ormound; an enibankment

banket, i. f;t. & vi. To deposit in a bank;
do business as or with a bank or banker.
II. n. An institution for lending, borrow-
ing, issuing, or caring for money.— bank'-
a-bKe, a. Receivable by a bank.— bank^-
er, n. One engaged In banking.— ban k'-
iiig2, n. The business of a bank or banker:
used also adjec lively.— ban k'»note'', n.
1. A promissory note Issued by a bank. 2*
A note payable at a bank.

bank'rupt, bapk'rupt. \^.vt. To make
bankrupt. II. a. Unable to pay one's
debts; insolvent. III. n. A person nn-
able to pay his debts.

— bank^rupt-cy, n. [-ctes", pl.^ The
state of being bankrupt; failure; insolvency.

ban'ner, ban'gr, n. A cloth bearing a

A Banjo.

fir; fmtg^re (fnture); aisle; an (fmt)\ eti; c (k); chat; dh {the)\ go; Bins, i^k; thin.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



device, suspended from a pole by a ctobb*
bar; any flag or standard.

ban^nis-ter, n. Same as bai^istbb.

banns, bans* banz, n. pi. of ban.

ban'qnet, oa^'cwet I<i. vt. & vi. To
feast richly. II. n. A sumptuous feast.

ban^tam, ban'tam, n. A breed of small
domestic hen.

ban^ter, ban'tgr. I. vt. To make sport
of; joke. II. n. Good-humored ridicule.

bant'llng, bant'ling, n. A young child;
infant; youth.

ban'yan, n. Same as banian.

ban'zal, ban'zal, interi. [Jap.] Ten thous-
and years: the equivalent of " long live tne
Emperor! "

bap-tise^« vt. & vi. Same as baptize.

bap^ttsm, bap'tizm, n. The act of bap

tizing; the sacramental use of water in

acknowledgment of consecration to Christ.

— bap-tis^mal, a. Pertaining to baptism.

Bap'tlst, bap'tist, n. One holding that
the only valid baptism is the immersion of
a believer; originally, one who baptizes.

bap'tts-ter-y, I bap'tis-tgri, -tri, n.

bap^tls-try, f [-TER-IES', -tries', pi.)
A reservoir or place in a church, for bapti-
zing, as bv immersion.

bap-tlze% bap-taiz', vt.&vi. [-tizbd';
-Ti'ziNG.] To administer baptism to; ad-
minister baptism; christen; name; con-
secrate; dedicate, bap-tlse'f .

bar, bOr. I. vt. [barred; bar'ring.]
1. To close; obstruct; prohibit; except. 2.
To mark with bars. II. n. 1 . A long, solid
strip, as of wood or iron; rail; barrier; ob-
struction; a bank, as of sand in a harbor. 2.
An enclosed place in a court*room; a court
of justice; the legal profession. 3. A count-
er where liquors are sold. 4. A stripe. 5.
Mus. The vertical line that divides a staff.

barb, bQrb, vt. To provide with a barb;
make cutting.

barb*, n. A backward-projecting point,
as on a fish'hook, etc.

barb^ , n. A horse of the breed brought by
the Moors from Barbary into Spain.

bar^ba-rous, bdr'ba-rus, a. Pertaining
to or like a barbarian; uncultivated; rude;
cruel; brutal; savage, -ly, adv. -ness, n.
— bar-bn'ri-an. bflr-b^'rl-an. I, a.
Uncivilized; cruel; barbarous. II, n. An
uncivilized, coarse, or rude person; anciently,
a foreigner. — bar-bar'ic, bar-bar'Ic, a.
Rudely splendid, striking, or picturesque.—
bar'ba-rism, bflr'ba-rizm, n. 1. The
condition of a people between savagery and
civilization; rudeness. 2. A foreign or dis-
approved word or kllom.— bar-bar'i-ty,
bor-bar'I-tl, n. [-tiks«, pi.] Brutal or bar-
barous conduct: a barbarous deed.

bar^be-cne, ) bar'bg-kitl. I. vt. [-cued;
bar^ba-cne, \ -cu'ing.] To roast whole.

II. n. An animal roasted whole, as an ox.
bar'ber, bdr'ber, n. One who cats the

hair, shaves the oeard, etc.
bard, bdrd, n. A Celtic minstrel: any poet
,^j , ,-._ _^ r bar'ing.] To



naked; empty;
simple; mere.
— bare^faced^,

It; audacious.—
ith the feet bare,
scarcely; boldly;

bi vt. & vi. To

e. II. n. A

which is agreed
upuu^ au auvaiitagcuuB ixansaction; an
article low in price.

barge, bdrj, n. A flat-bottomed freight-
boat; a large boat for excursions.

bai^i-tone, n. Same as babytons.

bark^S bdrk, vi. To utter a bark, as a dog.

harK^^yVt. 1. To scrape bark off; girdle.
2. To abrade the skin of.

bark.1, n. A short, abrupt, explosive sound,
as of a dog. [plant.

bark^, n. The covering of a tree or other

bark^, n. A three-masted vessel square-
rigged except for the mizzenmast, which
is K)re-and-aft rigged; in poetical use, any
vessel, barque^.

bar'keep'^er, bOr'ktp'gr, n. [U. S.] A

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