James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

. (page 70 of 88)
Online LibraryJames Champlin FernaldConcise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... → online text (page 70 of 88)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


resentative of the class; a sample.

spe'elous, spt'shus, a. Appearing right
and true; plausible, -ly, adv. -new, «.



pupa, gsk; at, air; el§m«nt, th^y, nsfge; It, |, i (ee); o, oh; orator, or; full, rttle; but,

Digitized byLjOOQlC



373



speck
spider



•peck, epec. I', vt. To spot; speckle.
II. n. A small spot; a little stain; any
very small thing. — speck-'le. I. vt.
[speck'lkd; speck'ling.] To besprinkle
with spots. II. n. A speck.
0pec'ta-el(e, spec'ta-cl, n. 1. Something
exhibited to public vie%. ^, pi. K pair or
glasses, with hinged bows, to secure them
before the eyes.— spec-tac'u-Iar, spec-
tac'yu-lar, a. Characterized by grand scenic
display. [looks on; an eye-witness.

spec-ta^tor, spec-te'tgr, n. One who
spec'ter, I spec'tgr, n. A ghost; appari-
spec'tre, ) tion.— spee'tral, a. Pertain-
ing to the spectrum or to a specter; ghostly.
spec'tro-scope, spec'tro-scop, n. An
optical instrument for forming and analy-
zmg the spectra of the rays emitted by
various substances. — spec^'tro-scop^ic, a,
spec'trum, spec'trum, n. Fspec'tra, j?/.]
An image formed by rays of light refracted,
as through a prism, displaying the colors
of the rambow. [a mirror; reflecting.

spec^u-lar, spec'yu-lar, a. Pertaining to
spec^u-late, spec'yu-l€t, vi. [-la'ted**;
-LA'TiNG.] 1. To theorize; conjecture.
2. To make a venturesome investment
with hope of gain.— Bpee"u-la''tIoii, n.

I, The act of theorizing; a theory. ^. A
more or less risky Investment.— spec^a-la-
tivCe, a. Pertaining to or Involving spec-
ulation.— spec'ii-la^tor, n. One who
speculates, in any sense.

spec'a-luiii, spec'yu-lum, n. [-la, p^.]
A mirror of polished metal.

sped* imp. &pp. of SPEED, V.

speech, spfch, n. 1 . The power of speak-
ing; a public address; discourse, ft, A
language.— speech'lesa, a. Mute; dumb.

speed, sptd. I. vt. & vi. [sped or
SPEED'ED**; speed'ing.] To urgc or
move on swiftly; expedite; despatch.

II. n. 1. Celerity; swiftness. 2. Rate of
motion; degree of prosperity. — speed-om'-
e-ter, spld-em'g-ter, n. An Indicator of
speed, as a motor-car.- speed'i-ly, adv.—
speed'i«ne8s, n.— speed^y* a. I speed' i-
XB: SPEED' i-EST.] Swlft; Immediate.

spell, spel, V. [spelled or spelt; spell'-
ma.l I. /. 1 . To give the letters of (a
word) in their order. 2. To decipher. 3.
To fascinate; bewitch. II. i. To frame
words out of letters.— spell'er, n. 1 . One
who spells. <2. A spelling-book.— spell'-
inir, n. 1, The act of one who spells;

thor — '" ^ "" ' "' "

spel

exercises In spelling.

spelP, n. 1. A turn of duty in relief of
another. 2. Any short period of time.

spell^, n. An incantation; charm; fas-



ography. 2. The way In which a'word Is
elied.— speil'inKsbook^t n. A book of



clnatlon.— spelFbound'^, a. Bound as by

a spell. [tween wheat and barley.

spelt, spelt, n. A cereal intermediate be-

spend, spend, v. [spent; spend'imo.]

1. ^ 1. To payout, as money, in ma-
king purchases. 2, To squander; waste.
3. To pass or employ, as time. 4. To ex-
haust; use up. II. i. 1. To pay out
money. 2, To waste or wear awav.

— spend'^thrifl^, n. One who is waste*
fully lavish of money.
sperm, spgrm, n. 1. A sperm-whale.

2. Spermaceti.— spern!''*©!!''', n. Oil ob-
tained from sperm-whale blubber.— s.*
whale* n. A whale of warm seas.

sper'^ma-ce'tl, spgr'ma-sl'ti or -set'i, n.
A white, brittle, fatty substance contained
in the head of the sperm-whale.

speiv, spiQ, vt. & vi. To vomit up; vomit;
cast forth, spue^.

sphere, sftr. I. vi. [sphered; spheb'
iNG.] To place in a spnere; make spher-
ical; encircle. II. n. 1. A solid every
part of whose surface is equidistant from
a point within called the center: a globe;
planet; star. 2, Field of action, influence,
or existence.— spher'ic, sfer'ic, a. 1.
Pertaining to the heavenly bodies; hence,
celestial. *i. Spherical.- spher'ic-al, a.
1, Shaped like a sphere; globular, tj. Per-
taining to a sphere.— sphe-ric'i-ty, sfg-

, ris'l-tl, n. The state of being a sphere.—
sphe'roid, sft'reld, n. A body having
nearly the form of a sphere.— sphe-roF-
dal, a.— spher'ule, sfer'Ql, n. A minute
sphere; globule.

sphinx, sfi^x, n. [sphinx'es, sfiQx'ez,
or sphin'ges, sfin'jez or -ges, pi.] X . [s- or
S-] Gr. Myth. A winged monster that des-
troyed those unable to guess riddles she pro-
pounded. 2*Amoth. haiirk'*inoth''':t:.

spice, spais. I. vt. [spiced*; spi'cing.]
To season with spice; add zest to. II. n.

1 . An aromatic vegetable substance, used
to flavor food

and beverages.

2. That which
gives zest or
adds interest.-
spl'cy, spol'sl, -4
a. [spi'ci-er;

SPl'CI-EST.l 1,

Containing, fla- -v
vored, or fra-
grant with spices.
^t^ Producing
spices. 3. Pf-

spl^derr^sixii'- Common spider. 1/2
dfir, n. 1. An insect-like creature that
makes webs to catch its prey. 2. One of



or; fillt|9re (future); aisle; au {out)\ ell; c (k); chat; dh {the)\ so; sing, i^k; thin.



Digitized byLjOOQlC



spigot
aplfce

various implements, as a long-handled trv-

ing'pan. [a cask.

•P*fi» * t» spig'^t, n. A plug or faucet for
spike, spaik. I. vt. [spiked'; bpi'-

KiNG.] To fasten or provide with spikes;

stop with a spike, as the vent of a cannon ;

disable. II. ». 1. A stout, large nail.

2, An ear, as of grain. 3. An elongated
flower-cluster.

splke'nard, spaik'nard, n. An ancient
fragrant and costly ointment, or a plant of
the same name.

spile, spall, n. 1. A large timber driven
into the ground to serve as a foundation; a
pile. a. A spigot.

spill, spil, V. ^PILLED or spilt; spill'-
iNG.l I. t. To suffer to run out, as a
liquid: shed. II. t. To run out; be wasted.

spin, spin. I. vt.&vi. [spun, formerly
span; spun; spin'ning.] 1. To draw
out and twist into threads. 2. To form,
as thread, by drawing out and twisting.

3. To compose; tell. 4. To whirl; twirl.
II. n. An act of spinning; a rapid whirling.

— spiu'ner, n.

spln^acli, ( spin'0j, n. A garden pot-herb

spln'as^e, l or its fleshy leaves.

spln'dKe, spin'dl. I. vi. [hpin'dl(e)d;
spin'dling.J To grow long and slenaer.
II. n. A slender rod or pin, on which
thread may be wound, as spun.

spine, Spain, n. 1. The back-bone. 2.
Jiot. A thorn.— spi'nal, spai'nal, a. 1.
Pertaining to the back-bone. *l. Pertaining
to a thorn; thorny.— gpi'ny, a. [spi'ni-er;
spi'Ni-KST.] Having spines; thorny, spp-
nose^ti spi'^nona^. [woman.

spln'ster, spin'stgr, n. An unmarried

spl'ral, spai'ral. I. a. Winding and
receding from a center; winding and ad-
vancing. II. w. Anything of spiral
form.— npi'ral-ly, cuiv.

splrei, spair, n. The tapering top of a
tower; a steeple; a slender stalk, as of grass.

splre^, n. A spiral; whorl; twist.

spirit, spir'it. I**, vt. To carry off;
kidnap: followed by away. II. n. 1.
The part of man that is capable of thought,
feeling, and will ; the soul. 2. A rational
being not embodied; the Deity or the third
person of the Trinity, called the Holy
Spirit. 3. A ghost. 4. Ardor; dash.
6. Distilled liquor, especially alcohol.

^spir'it-eo, a. Full of spirit; ani-
mated.— gpir'it-less, a. Having no spir-
it; listless; dead.

splr^l-tu-al, spir'i-chu-al or-it-yu-al, a.
1. Pertaining to spirit. 2. Affecting the
soul. 3. Coming from the Divine Spirit;



374



holy; pure; sacred; religions.— splr'l-to-
al-isin« n. 1. The belief that departed
spirits communicate with men. 2. Phiio%.
The doctrine of spiritual existences. 3*
The state of being spiritual.- spir'l-tn*
al-ist, n.— spir^i-tu-al-U^tic, a.-
8pir^l-tu-al'i-ty« n. [-ties*, pi.] The
state of being spiritual. — spir'i-tu-al*
ixe, vt. [-ized; -I'ziNG.l To render spir-
itual, spir^i-tu-al-isei.

spiral- tu-elle^ spir'I-tlu-el', a. Refined;
graceful and delicate: said of women.

splr'l-tu-ons, spir'i-chu-us or -it-yu-us,
a. Containing alcohol; distilled, asbquor.

spirt« V. & n. Same as spurt.

spit*, spit. I. vt. & vi. [spit; spat: for-
merly sometimes spit'ted**; bpit'ting.]

1. To eject from the mouth; eject saliva.

2. To come down in drops or flakes. II*
n. 1. Spittle; saliva. 2. An act of spit-
ting.— spit^tle, n. The fluid secreted by
the glands of the mouth; saliva; spit.— spit-
toon'* n. A receptacle for expectorations.

splt^. I. vt. [spit'tkd«1; spit'ting.] To
transfix with a spit; string on a stick. II.
n. 1. A pointea rod on which meat may
be turned and roasted. 2. A point of low
land extending into the water.

spite, spait. I. vt. [spi'ted«»; spi'ting.]
To vex maliciously; thwart. II. n.
Malicious bitterness; grudge; a malicious
and vexatious act.— spite'ful, a. Filled
with spite; prompted by spite.

spitz, spits, n. One of a breed of small
Pomeranian dogs with a tapering muzzle.

splash, splash, l^.vt.&vi. 1. To make
a splash. 2. To spatter, wet, or soil with
a liquid. II. n. 1 . The act or noise of
splashing. 2. A spot made by a liquid
splashedon.— splasli'y, a. Slushy; wet.

splay, sple, a. Spread out; displayed;
broad and clumsy, as afoot— aplay'fool*',
a. Having splay feet, splay^sfoot^edt.

spleen, spltn, n. 1. An organ found in
most vertebrates, near the stomach, that
modifies the blood. 2. Ill-temper; spite-
fulness: melancholy.

splen'ald, splen'did, a. Brilliant; mag-
nificent; imposing; illustrious.— splen'dor,
splen'd§r, n. Exceeding brilliancy; mag-
nificence; pomp. splenMoart.

sple-net'lc, splg-net'ic or splen'e-tic. I.
a. 1. Pertaining to the spleen. 2. Spite-
ful; peevish. II. w. A peevish person.

splice, splais. I. vt. [spliced*; spu'-
ciNG.] To unite so as to form one piece.
II. n. A union of the ends of joined
parts; a nnitlng of ropes by intertwining
the strands.



papa, gsk; at, air; el^m^nt, th6y, usfge; It, |, i (ee); o, oh; •rat^r, 9t; full, r1lle;but.



Digitized byLjOOQlC



375



splint
sprlns



splint, splint. J^, tt. To confine with
splints, as a fractured limb. II. n. A
thin strip^ as of wood, to hold a fractured
limb in place; any thin flat piece: splinter.

splln'ter, splin'ter. I. vt. & vi. 1. To
separate into splinters; split. 2. To sup-
port by splints. II. n. A small sharp
piece split off from a solid body.

split, split. I. vt.& vi. [split or split'-
TED*; split'ting.] To divide lengthwise;
tear asunder; cleave; rive; rend; separate.
11. n. The act or result of splittmg; a
fissnre; rupture; schism.

splnt^ter, splut'^r. I, vt. & vi. To speak
hastily and confusedly. II. n. A splut-
tering sound or utterance.

spoil, speO. I. vt. & vi. [spoiled or
spotLTj spoil'ing.] 1. To make worth-
less; tamt or become tainted. 2. To rob;
despoil. II. n. Plunder* booty.

spoke, Bp5k,8po'ken, tmp.&pp. of bpbak^v.

spoke, spGk, n. 1. One or the bars join-
ing the hub to the rim of a wheel. 2. The
rung of a ladder.

spoKes^man, spGks'mftn, n. [-mek,/?/.]
One who speaks for others.

spo^l-a'tlon, sp(5"li-§'shxra, n. The act
of pillaging; destruction.— spo^ll-a^tor, n.

sponse, spunj, v. [sponged; spon'-
gingI] I. ^. 1. To cleanse or absorb with
a sponge. 2. To get at another's expense.
II. i. To depend meanly on another.

spong^e, n. 1^ A fixed marine animal
with porous body or its skeleton of elastic
fibers. 2. Leavened dough. 3* One who
liyes at the expense of another.— spon^gy,
a. [spon'gi-er; spon'gi-est.] Like a
sponse; elastic; porous.

spon'sor, spen'sQr, n. One who answers
for another; a godfather or godmother,

spon-ta^ne-oas, spen-t§'ng-us, a. 1.
Done or acting from one's own impulse;
voluntary. 2. indigenous. 3. Biol. Aris-
ing without external cause; self -produced.
•ly, adv. -ness, n. — spon^ta-ne^i-ty,
spen"ta-nl'I-tl, n. £-tie8«, p/.] Spontaneous
quality; freedom.

spool, spGl, n. 1 . a small cylinder upon
which thread or the like may be wound.
2 . The quantity of thread held by a spool.

spoon, ppfln. I. vt. To dip out with a
spoon. II. n. A utensil having a shallow
bowl and a handle, used In serving or eat-
ing food.— «poon'ful,w. [spooN'puLiSr;?/.]
The quantity that a spoon will hold.

spo- raddle, spo-rad'ic, a. Occurring
here and there; separate; isolated.

spore, spOr, n. A minute grain serving
as a seed of a flowerless plant; a germ.



sport*!, sport, V. I. t To display osten-
tatiously. II. i. To play; frolic; jest.

sport, n. Diversion; pastime; a game or
play; pleasantry; raillery.— sport'lv(e, «.
Kelatlng to or fond of sport; frolicsome;
playful.— sports'inan. n. [-men.jd;.! A
person who Is fond of field-sports, as hunting
and fishing. —Mporttt^man-I ike, a. —
sports'man-ship, n. The art or practice
of field-sports.

spot, spot. I. vt. & vi. [spot'ted*;
spot'tino.] To mark with spots; stain.
II. n. 1. A place or space of small ex-
tent; a locality. 2. A stain; blemish; re-
proach.- Bpot^less, a. Free from spot or
stain; innocent; pure.— spot'tF,8pet'l, a.

spouse, spauz, n. A husband or wife.

spout, spant. I«*. vt. & vi. To pour out
copiously; spurt forth ; declaim. II. n. A
tube, etc., for the dlschai]ge of a liquid.

sprain, sprgn. I. vt. To cause a sprain
in. II. n. A straining or twisting of th.e
ligaments surrounding a joint.

spran<> sprang, imp. of spring, r.

sprat, sprat, n. A herring-like fish.

spraurl, sprSl. I. vt. & vi. To lie or
move with the limbs stretched out un-'
gracefully. II. n. The act or position
of sprawling. [liquid) in fine particles.

spray, spre, vt. & vi. To disperse (a

spray^ n. 1. Water or other liquid dis-
persed in fine particles. 2. An atomizer.

spray^, n. A small branch; a twig.

spread, spred. I. vt. & vi. [spread;
sPRBAD'iNG.l To cxtcud ovcr; distribute
about; publish; expand; unfold; be dis-
persed or separated. II. n. 1. The act
of spreading; an open expanse: extent.

2. A covering. 3. [Colloq.] A banquet. .
spree, sprt. I. vi. Togetdnink. II. w.

1 . A drunken carousal. 2. A gay frolic.

sprig, sprig, n. A small shoot or twig.

sprlght^ly, sprait'li, a. [spright'li-er;
spright'li-est.] Animated; vivacious;
lively.— spright^ii-nem, n.

spring:, spring, v. [sprang or sprung;
sprung; spring'inq.] I. ^ 1. To re-
lease the spring of, as a trap. 2. To do
or cause to act unexpectedly and suddenly.

3. To bend forcibly: strain. II. i. 1.
To bound; move suddenly. 2. To pro-
ceed; originate. 3 . To be warped or bent.

spring, n. 1 . An elastic body or contri-
vance that yields under stress and flies
back when the stress is removed. 2. Elas-
tic quality or energy; recoil. 3. A jump;
bound. 4. The season in which vegeta-
tion starts anew. 5. A flow or fountain,
as of water; a source; origin.— sprlng'i-



9r; fiatg^re (future); aisle; au (out); ell; c (k); cliat; dh (the); go; sing, i^k; thin.'



Digitized byLjOOQlC



sprluffe
•qaaim



376



ness, n.— sprlna/y, a. [spring'i-er;
BPRiKO'i-XBT.J 1. Elastic, tt. Spongy; wet.

•prlnee, sprinj, n. A snare.

•prln^l(e, spriQ'kl. I. vt.&vi. [sprin'-
kl(e)d; sprin'kling.] To scatter in
drops or small particles; rain in scattering
^^ps. II. n. A sprinkling; hence, a
small qnantity.— sprin^kler, n.

sprint, sprint. I', vi. To run, as in a
sprint. II. n. A short race run at the
top of one's speed.— sprlnt'er. n.

sprit, sprit, n. 1. A small spar for
stretching a sail. 2. The bowsprit.—
sprit'sful, n. A sail extended by a sprit.

sprite, sprait, n. A fairy; elf; goblin.

sprock^et, sprek'gt, n. 1. A projection
on the rim of a wheel, for engaging with the
links of a chain. 2. A
wheel bearing such n i

projections. Jk i

sprouts 8praut,tJ. I.^ ^

t. To cause to put ^ ^

forth shoots. 11. i. ^ ^

1. To develop shoots, m I

2* To grow. ^ '

sprout, n. A new -^
shoot or bud on a plant. \i

spraee, sprGs, vt. & A
vi. [spruced*; spru'- •
ciNG.l To make one- sprocket (s).
self spruce. *^

spruce, a. Having a smart, trim appear>
ance.

spruce, n. A cone-bearing evergreen tree;
also, its wood.

sprunff, sprung, imp. & pp. of sprikg, r.

spry, sprai, a. Quick and active; agile.

spue, vt. & vt. Same as spew.

spume, spiOm. 1. vi. [spumed; spu'-
MiNG.] To froth; foam. II. n. Froth;
foam; scum.

spun, spun, imp. &pp. of spin, v.

spunk, spu^k, w. 1. [Colloq.] Quick,
ardent temper; courage; pluck. 2. Punk.
— 8punk'y,a. [spunk'i-er; spunk'i-est.]
[Colloq.] Spirited; courageous; touchy.

spur, spur. I. vi. [spurred; spur'-
RiNG.] 1. To urge on by the spur. 2.
To furnish with spurs. II. n. 1. A
pricking or goading instrument worn on a
horseman's heel. 2. Anything that in-
cites or urges. 3. A stiff sharp spine,
as on the leg of a domestic cock. 4.

. A projecting crag, ridge, or the like.

spu^rl-ous, spiti'ri-us, a. Not genuine;
false; counterfeit, -ly, adv. -ness, n.

spurn, spurn, vt. 1. To reject with dis-
dain. 2. To kick.

spurts spurt. I**, vt. & vi. To force out



or come forth in a jet; squirt. II. n. A
sudden gush of liquid.

spnrt^, spurt. I'', vi. To make a sodden
and extreme effort. II. n. An extraor-
dinary effort of brief duration.

sput^ter, sput'gr. I. vt. & vi. 1. To
spit out with vehemence and irregular
noise. 2. To speak in a confused, ex-
plosive way. II. n. A sputtering.

spy, spai, v. [spied; spt'ing.] I. t. To
see by looking carefully or secretly; dis-
cover; discern. II. To act as a spy:
investigate; pry.— Bpy'«gla«»'', n. A small
terrestnal telescope.

spy, n. [spies", pi.] 1. One who enters
an enemy's lines covertly to get informa-
tion. 2. One who watches others secretly.

squab, scweb. I. a. Fat and short;
half-grown. II, n. A young pigeon; a
fat, short person.

squab^ble, scweb'l. I. vi. [squab'bled;
squab'bling.I To quarrel. 11. n. The
act of squabbling; a petty wrangle.

squad, sewed, n. A small detachment
of troops or police.

squad'ron, scwed'run, ri. 1. An assem-
blage of war-vessels smaller than a fleet.
2. A division of a cavalry regiment.

squal^ld, scwel'id, a. Dirty, mean, and
poverty-stricken.

squall, scwSl, vt. & vi. To cry loudly,
as an angry child.

squally n. A loud, screaming outcry.

squall^, n. A sudden burst of wind.
— squall'y, a. Stonny; blustering.

squal^or, scwel'gr or scwe'lSr, n. The
state of being squalid.

squan^der, scwen'dgr^ vi. & vi. To
spend money, etc., lavishly and waste-
fully.— squanMer-er, n.

square, scwftr, v. [squared; sqcar'-
ING.] I. ^. 1. To make square; multiply
by itself. 2. To balance, as accounts; make
even. 3. To cause to conform; adapt.
II. i. 1 . To be at right angles. 2. To
fit; agree.

square, a. 1 . Being a square. 2. Charac-
terized by a right angle. 3. Just; equita-
ble. 4. Balanced; even. 6. Absolute. 6.
Solid; satisfying.
-ly, adv. -ness, n.

square, n. 1. A figure having f oar eqaal
sides and four right angles. 2. Any ob-
ject that is square. 3. An instrument br
which to measure or lay ont right angles.
4. A block or an open space as in a ci^.

squash^ scwesh, n. The fleshy edible
fruit of a trailing plant; also, the plant



papfi, ask; at, air; el§m«nt, th6y, nsfge; It, g, E (ee); o, oh; orator, er; full, rlUe; but.



Digitized byLjOOQlC



377



squash
sfair



squash^, scwesh, n. 1 . A soft or mashed
object. 2. The sudden fall of a heavy,
soft, or bursting body.— squash'y, a.

squat, scwet. \,vt. & vi. [squat'ted<>
orsQUAT; squat'tingJ 1. To crouch in
a sitting posture. 2. To settle on a piece
of lana without right. II. a. lo Short
and thick. 2. Being in a squatting posi-
tion. III. n. A squatting attitude.
— sauat^ter, n. [woman.

sqnaur, scwd, n. An American Indian

8qnatvk,scw$k. \^,vi. Toutter a squawk.
II. n. A harsh cry, as of certain birds.

squeak, scwtk. I', vt. & vi. To utter
with a squeak; make a squeak. II. n. A
thin, sharp, penetrating sound.

f queal, scwtl. I. vi. To utter a sharp,
shrill, somewhat prolonged cry. II. n. A
shrill, prolonged cry, as of a pig.

squeam^lsh, scwtmMsh, a. Easily dis-
gusted; unduly scrupulous.

squeez(e, scwtz, v. [squbez(e)d; squeez'-
iNQ.l I. ^. 1. To press closely; compress.
2. To draw forth by pressure. 3. To
crowd. II. i. To force one's way by
pressing; push.

ftqueezTe, n. The act of squeezing.

squelchS scwelch, vt. &vi. To discon-
cert; be crushed or subdued.

squib, scwib, n. 1. A mild lampoon;
pithy paragraph. 2. A tube filled with
gunpowder.

squid, scwid, n. A ten-armed cuttlefish.

squill^, scwil, n. The sliced
bulb of a medicinal plant.

squill^, n. 1. A crustacean;
shrimp. 2; A mantis. v

squint, scwint. I<>. vt. & vi. Nl

1. To make or be cross-eyed. ^

2. To look with half-closed
eyes, or with a side glance. II .
a. Having a squint; looking
obliquely. III. fz. The act of (
squinting.

squire, 8cwair,n. An esquire; o"",,,
justice of the peace; lawyer or Squill,
prominent citizen; attendant, as of a
knight, or of a lady.

squirm, scwgrm. I. vi. 1 . To bend and
twist the body; wriggle. 2. To climb by
shinning. II. «. A. squirming motion.

squlr'rel, scwir'el or scwgr'el, n. A
slender rodent, with a long bushy tail.

squirt, scwgrt. I^. vt. & vi. To force
out in a stream. II. n. 1. The act of
squirting or spurting. 2. A syringe.
squlrt^sscnn'':^.



stab, stab. I. vi. &vi. [stabbed; stab'*
BiNG.J To pierce with a pointed weapon.
II. ra. A thrust made with a pointed
weapon; a wound made by stabbing.

sta^ble, Bt§'bl, vi. & vi. [sta'bled; sta'-
BLiNG.] To lodge in a stable.

sta^ble, a. Standing firmly in place; fixed;
durable.— sta-biH-ty, n.

sta^ble, n. A building for horses or cattle.

stac-ca^to, Btgc-ca't5, a. Jftis. Played In
an abrupt, disconnected manner.

stack, stac. I', vi: To gather or place in
a pile; pile up in a stack. II. n. 1. A
large orderly pile of unthrashed grain, hay,
or straw. 2. A vertical main smoke-flue.

staf(f, stgf, n. [staves, stflvz, 8taf(f)8,
pi.] 1 . A stick, as a shaft or pole; a cane
or walking-stick. 2. Mil. A body of of-
ficers attached to a commander. 3. The
combined lines and spaces used in written
or printed music.

stas, stag, n. The
male of the deer.

sta^e, stSj. I. vi.
[staged; sta'-
GiNG.] Theat. To
ai^range for the
stage; exhibit on
the stage. II. n.

1 . The raised plat-
form on which the
performance takes
place in a theater;
any elevated plat-
form; the profession of an actor; a scene of
action. 2. A step or degree. 3. One of
several regular stopping-places in a route;
also, the distance from one to another. 4.
A large four-wheeled conveyance making
regular trips, stage'scoach^'^t.

stag'ger, stag'gr, vt. & vi. To reel or
cause to reel; cause to hesitate; waver.
— stas^srer, n. A reeling motion.

stag^nant, stag'nant, a. 1. Standing
still; not flowing; fonl from longstanding.

2. Sluggish.— stog'nate, t'«. [stag'na"-
TEDd; stag'na'ting.] To be or become
stagnant or Inert.— stagr-na'tion, n.

staid, 8t€d, imp. & pp. of stay, v.

staid, a. Steady and sober; sedate.

stain, £tgn, v. I. t. To make a stain
upon; impart a stain to; color or discolor.
II. i. To take or impart a stain.

stain, 77. 1. A discoloration. 2. A dye
used in staining. 3. A moral taint; tar-
nish.— stain'less, a.

stair, stftr, 72. 1. One of a series of steps. 2.
A series of steps: usually plural.— stalr'-
case", n. A set of stair?. 8tair'way"t,




Hr; flfltgflre (future); aisle; au (o?it); ell; c (k); chat; dh (^^e); go; sing, l^ik; tbiD



Digitized byLjOOQlC



stake
•farboard



378



•takes Btek. I. vt. [staked'; stacking.]

1 . To fasten by means of a stake. 2* To
mark off with stakes. II. ;;. 1 . A stick
or poet sharpened for driving into the
ground. 2. A post to which a person
was bound to be burned alive; martyrdom.

stake^. 1'. vt. To put at hazard; wager;

risk. II. n. 1. Something wagered; a

prize for competition. 2. An interest.
sta-lac'tlte, sta-lac'tait, n. An elongated

icicle-like form in x^-hich certain minerals

are deposited, as from the

roof of a cave. V\ ^J

— stai'^ac-tific, -al,r)r. IJ kl*
sta-lag^mite, sta-la^'-

maitf n. An incrustation
on the floor of a cavern : the
counterpart of a stalactite. —
stal^aff-iiiit'ict -al, a.
•tale, stel, a. Having lost
freshness; stagnant; de-
cayed; worn out; trite.

— stale^nesst w. _^ , .^
stalk, stSk, vt. & vi. 1 . To Stalactites and

approach stealthily, as in Stalagmites.

hunting. 2. To pace in a ft.«rtalactite8in

digniti^ manner.*^ iTJSirdll'^:

•talk, n. A stem, as of a actitic column.

plant.
•tall, stei. I. vt. & vi. 1. To place or

keep in a stall. 2. To furnish with stalls.

3. To stick in mire or snow, as a wagon.

II. n. 1. A compartment in whicn a

horse or bovine animal is confined and fed.



Online LibraryJames Champlin FernaldConcise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... → online text (page 70 of 88)