James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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till, conj. Till such time as; until.

tlU'erS n. One who or that which tills.

till'er^, n. A handle for turning a rudder.

tilti, tut. W vt. &vi. 1. To tip; slant;
lean. 2. To aim, as a lance; contend with
the lance. II. n. 1 . An inclination ; slant.
2. A tournament. 3. A thrust, as with a
lance.— tllt'er, n.— tllt'»ham"nier, n. A
heavy hammer that Is raised by machinery
and delivers a blow by ^vlty.

tllt^. I«*. vt. To furnish with an awning.
II. n. A canvas cover, as for a boat or
wagon. [vated land.

tilth, tilth, n. Cultivation; tillage; culti-

tlm'ber, tim'bgr, n. Wood suitable for
building; standing trees.

tim^bret, tim'brel, n. An ancient He-
brew tambourine-like instrument.

time, taim. I. vt. & vi. [timed; ti'-
MiNQ.] 1 . To adapt to the time or occa-
sion. 2. To regulate as to time; keep
time. 3. To record the time or rate of.
II. 71. 1 . Inflnite duration or its meas-
ure. 2. A definite period of duration;
season; era; opportimity. 3. A point in
duration; date; occasion. 4. Character or
rate of movement, as in music— time'-
keep^'er, n. One who or that which keeps
time.— tinie^li-ness, n.— time'ly, a.
[time'li-er; tike'li-est.] Being or oc-
curring In good or proper time; opportune.

— time'plece", n. A clock or a watch.—
tiine's8erv"er, n. One who yields to the^
apparent demands of the time, without ref-
erence to principle.— t.sservin fir, a. & n.

tlm^ld, tim'id, a. Shrinking from danger

or from publicity; shy.- tl-mid'l-ty, n.

The state or quality of being timid, tim^-

id-nessl:.— tim^id-ly, adv.
tlm'or-ons, tim'^r-us, a. Fearful of

danger; timid, -ly, adv. -ness, n.
tirn'o-tliy, tim'o-thi, n. A fodder^erass.
tin, tin. i},vt. [tinned; tin'ning.J To

coat or cover with tin; incase in tin. II.

n. 1 . A white malleable metallic element.

2. Tinplate or tinware. — tin'«foll'', n.

Tin or alloy made Into foil.— tin'man. n.

A maker of or dealer In tinware, tin'neri.-^

tin'splate", n. Sheet Iron plated with tin.

— tin'ware", n. Household articles, col-
lectively, made of tin-plate.

tliic'ture,tipc'churw-tiQr. l.vt. [tinc'-

tured; tinc'tur ino.] To imbue; flavor.

II. n. 1. A solution of some drug. 2.

A tinge; tmt: slight flavor.
tln^der, tin'dgr, n. A highly inflammable

substance, as charred linen.
tine, tain, n. A spike or prong, as of a fork.
tinge, tinj. I. vt. [tinged; tinge'ing.]

To color slightiy; tint. II. w. A fahil

trace of color; a quality or peculiarity.
tln^gl(e, ti^'gl, vi. [tin'gl(e)d; tin'-

GLiNG.] To have a stinging sensation.

©r; fiatgt^ (future); aisle; an (out); ©11; c (k); chat; dl& (the); go; sing, I^ik; tliln.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



Ctnk'er, tivk'sr. I. vL & vi. To mend
or patch; work in makeshift fashion. II.
n. An itinerant mender of tinware.

tln^felCe, tiv'kl. l,vt.&vi. [tin'kl(e}d;
tin'kling.] To make a series of quick,
slight, metallic sounds. II. n, A sharp,
clear, tinkling sound.

tin^sel, tin'sel. I. a. Superficially bril-
liant II. n. Very thin glittering bits of
metal used for ornament.

tint. tint. Id. vt. To tinge. II. n, A
slight color; tinge; hue.

ti^ny, tai'ni, a, [ti'ot-bb; ti'ni-bst.]
Very small; minute.

tip*, tip, C/.&Vi. [tipped*; TIP'PING.] 1.

To lean; tilt. 2. To tap. 3. To give a small
gratuity, or secret information Tto).

tlp^, vL [tipped*; tip'pino.] to furnish
wlm OP form into a tip; cover the tip of.

tlp*» «• The point or extremity of anything
tapering; end. [hint.

tlp^, n. A small gift of money; a helpful

tlpHPet, tip'gt, n. A scarf for the neck, or
neck and shoulders.

tlp^ple, tip'l, V. [tip'plbd; tip'pong.]
1. 1. To drink, as alcoholic beverages, fre-
quently. II. i. To sip often, as liquor.
— tip'pJe. n.— tip'plenn.

ttp'my, tfp'si, a. [TErsi-BH; tip'si-est.]
Partially Intoxicated.

tlp^toe^, tip'iO*. l,vL To walk on tiptoe.
II. n. The tip of a toe, or of the toes
collectively. [degree; the very top.

tlp'ftop't tlp'«tep', n. The highest point or

tl-rade^ ti-r6d', n, A prolonged declama-
tory outpouring, as of censure.

tire*, toir, v. [tired: tir'ino.j 1. 1, To
weary; fatigue. II. *. To become weary.
— tired* pa.— tire'some, a. Weari-
some; tedious, -ly, adv. -ness» n.

tire', vt. To f umisii with a tire; put a tire
on. [wheel.

tlre>, n. A band surrounding the rim of a

tire^, n, A tiara; head-dress.

tls^sue, tish'Q, n. 1. Biol, One of the
elementary fabrics of which an organ is
composed. 2» Any light or gauzy woven
stuflf.— tl»'8ue»pa''^»
per, n. Very thin,
unsized, almost trans-
parent paper.

tlt», tit, n, 1. One
of various small
birds, as a titmouse,
titiark, etc. 2. A
small horse.— tit'- American Titlark. Vio
lark^« n. A small

bird resembling a lark.— tit'mouse^, n.
Ttit'mtoe'. pU A small bird having a snort
bni concealed by feathers.

tlt<, tit, n. A blow: tap: in the phrase til
for tat. retort or retaliation in kind.

tlt'blt'S tit'bit", n, A morsel, as of choice
food, tia'hn'%

tltlie, taidh. J.vL [tithed; ti'thing.]
To tax. II. n. A tax of onctenth; the
tenth part of anything.— ti'thing, n. 1.
The act of levying tithes. 2. A tenth part

tltai-late, tit'i-iet, vt. [-la'ted*; la',
ting.] To tickle.— tit^il-la'tlon, n.

tittle, tai'ti. I. vt. [ti'tled; ti'tling.^
To confer a titie upon; give a name to';
entitie. II. n. 1. An inscription; name;
appellation of rank, etc. 2. A claim, as to
consideration; right, as to property.
— ti'tled, a. Having a title, as of nobility.

tlt'ter, tit'gr. I. vi. To laugh in a sap*
pressed or silly way; giggle. II. n. A
giggling. [iota.

tit 'tie, tit'l, n. The minutest quantity;

tlt'a-Iar, tit'yu-lor, a. Pertaimng to a
titie; being in name or title only; nominal.

tO; ttL I. adv. 1 • Toward the end of ac-
tion. 2. Into normal condition. 3* Into
place. 4. In a direction implied. II.

Srep. 1. In a direction toward. 2. No-
ng an indirect object after certain parts
of speech. III. The sign of the infinitive.

toad, tod, n. A tailless, jumping animal,
resembling the frog.— toad'stocH^, «. A
poisonous mushroom.

toad'y, tod'i. I. vt. & vi. [toad'ied;
toad't-ing.] To fawn upon. II, n.
[toad'ies*, pl.l An obsequious flatterer.

toast>, tost. I<i. vt. To drink to the health
of. II. n. The act of drinking to some
one^s health or to some sentiment; also,
the person or the sentiment involved.

toast'. Id. vt. & vi. To brown, or become
brown, over a fire. II. ». Toasted bread.

to-bac'co, to-bac'O, n. An annual plant
of the nightshade family; also its leaves pre-
pared in various ways.— to-bac'co-nist, n.

to-bog^gan, to-beg'an. I. vi. To coast
on a toboggan. II. n. A sled-like vehi-
cle, consisting of a long thin board or
boards curved upward at the forward end.

toc^sln, tec'sin, n. A signal; alarm,

to cday', tu-dd'. I. n. The present day,
•time, or age. TE, adv. 1. On or during
this present day. 2. At the present time.

todMIe, ted'l, vi. [tod'dled; tod'-
DLiNG.l To walk unsteadily, as a little
child.— tod'dler,w.

tod^dy, ted'i, n. [tod'dies", trf.l Sweet-
ened spirits and water; alcoholic liquor.

toe, to. I. vt. [toed; tob'inq.] 1. To
touch with the toes. 2. To furnish witb

popd, gfik; at, air; el^m^nt, th^y, usfge; it, |, i (ee); o, oh; orator, dr; full, rlUe; but

Digitized byLjOOQlC




ft toe. II. n. One of the didts of a foot;

front part of a hoof, shoe, or the like.
lo'sa, to'gg, n. [to'gas* or to'g-«, -jt or

-ge, plJ] The large loose mantle of a

Roman citizen.
to-setb^er, tu-gedh'gr, adv, 1. Into

anion with each other. 2. In company.

3. Simaltaneoosly. 4. Without cessation.
toiK^IKle* teg'l. 1. vt. [tog'glbd; tog'-

GLiNG.] To fix or furnish with a toggle.

II. n. 1 . A pin for securine; a rope. 2.

A toggle-joint. — tog'gle»Jolnt", n. A

Joint naving a central

hinge like an elbow,

and moved by pressure

at the Junction.
toll, tell, vi. To la.

bor arduously; work

hard.— toiler, n.

task.— tolKsome, a. -Iy,acf9. -neas, n.

toll>, n. A net, snare, or other trap.

tol'lef, toi'lef. n. 1. The process of
dressing oneself. 2, A person^s dress.
3. A dressing-table or dressing-room.

to^en, to'kn, n. 1, Anything indicative
of some other thing; a sign; symbol; em-
blem. 2. A pledge. 3. A keepsake.

told, told, imp. & pp. of TSLL.

toPer-ant, tel'fir-ant, a. Indulgent; lib-
eral. —toPer-a-bi(e, a. !• Passably

Sod; commonplace. 2. Supportable. 3«
lowable.— tol'er-a-blyt adv.— toFer-
ance, n. The state of oelng tolerant.—
toiler-ate, vt. [-x'TKod; -a'tinq.] 1.
To allow without opposition; concede, as the
right to relidous belief and worship. 2* To
bear.— toKer-a'tion* n.

tolls tol. I. vt. & vi. To sound, as a
bell, with single strokes at uniform inter-
vals. II. n. The sound of a bell rung
slowly and regularly.

toll«. I. vt. & vi. To
take, as toll; take or x^ >

pay toll. II. n. A \ ^

charge^ as for i)a88ing
on a bridge or turnpike.
— tolr«irate'',n. A
gate, as across a turn-
pike, at which toll Is

tom'a-liaiirfe, tem'-
a-hSk. It. vt. To
strike or kill with a
tomahawk. II. n.
The North- American Indian war-hatchet.

to • ma ^ to, to-md'to or to-m6'to, n.
r-TOE8«, pi.] The edible fruit of a plant of
the nightshade family; also, the plant.



tomb, tOm, n. A place for the deposit of
the dead; a vault; grave.— torn b'ston©'^,
n. A stone marking a place of burial.

tom^boy'^, tem'boi', n. A romping and
boisterous girl; hoiden.

tom^'caf^, tem'«cat', n. A male cat.

tome, tOm, n. A large volume.

tOfmor'roiv, tU'mer'o. I. n. The mor*
row. 1 1, adv. On the next day after to-day;

tom^tlt'^, tem'tif, n. A tit; titmouse.

ton*, tan, n. 1. A measure of weight|
either 2,000 pounds (a short ton), or 2,240
pounds (a long ton). 2. [U. S.] A mea»
ure of 40 to 1(W cubic feet. See tonnaob.

ton*, t©6,n. Tone; style; votaries of fashion.

tone, ton. I, vt. Ftoned; to'ning.] To
give tone to; modify in tone; tune. II.
n. 1. A sound having a definite pitch;
characteristic sound, as of a voice. 2. A
mood. 3. Characteristic style. 4. Vocal
inflection; mode of utterance.

tongs, tengz or tSngz, n. pi. An imp]e>
ment for grasping, consistmg of a pair of
pivoted levers.

tonsne, tung,n. 1. The organ of speech
ana taste. 2. Something likened to the
tongue of an animal, as a promontorv,
bell-clapper, pin of a buckle, etc. 8.
Speech; utterance; a langnage.— tongne^s
tied'', a. Not able to speak freely.

ton'lc, ten'ic. I. a. 1. Invigorating;
bracing, ft. Pertaining to tone or tones.
3. Pertaining to tension. II. n. Atonic
medicine or anything invigorating.

tO'Ulgbt', tu-nait\ I. n. The night
that follows to-dav; also, the present
night. II. adv. In or during the pres-
ent night or coming night.

ton'nage, tun'gj, w. The cubic capacity
of a vessel in tons of 100 cubic feet each.

tOIl''neau^ ten'nO'. I. a. Barrel-like: said
of the body of certain motor-cars. II. «. A
barrel-like body of certain motor-cars.

to n'sll, ten'sil, n . One of two oval organs
situated on either side of the throat.

ton-so^rl-al, ton-sO'ri-al, a. Pertaining
to a barber or to his work.

to n^sure, ten'shur or -siQr, n. The
shaving of the head, or shaven crown, as of
a priest; the priestly office.

too, tti, adv. 1. More than sufficiently.
2. [Colloq.] Exceedingly. 3. Also.

took, tuk, imp. of TAKE, v.; also nrelypp,

tool, tGI. n. 1. An implement, as a ham-
mer, chisel, spade, etc. 2. A person used
to carry out the designs of another.

tootb, ttith. n. [teeth, tlth, pi.] 1.
One of the hard, dense structures of the
mouth, used for chewing food. 2, Some-

Or; fiat|9re(fatare); aisle; au (out); ell; c (k); cbat; db (the); go; siii|t»> ^91^; tbin.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



thijig reeembling the tooth of an animal in
fonn or ase, as a projecting point, pin, or
cog.— tootb^ache^, n. Pain in a tooth:
atoo. neuralgia of the teeth.- toothed, a.
SnppUed with teeth; hidented.— tooth^-
leaa, a. Being without teetli; barmleM.—
footh^pick^, n. A small silver, as of wood,
fc>r picking the teeth.— too th^some^. a.
Having a pleasant taste.

top, top, vL [topped*, rarely topt; top'-
pmo.f 1. To remove the top of. 2. To
provide with a top. 3. To sarmonnt;
SDrpass; excel.

top>, top, n. 1 . The upper extremity of
anything. 2. That which is first or liigh-
est in rank or degree. 3. Naut. A plat-
form at the head of the lower section of a
mast.— top^'^ieaKlant, n. The mast, sail,
yard, etc., next above the topmast.— top^-
knot^v «• A crest, tuft, or knot on the top of
the head.— top^inast, n. The mast next
above the lower mast.— top'most^. a.
Being at the very top.-toi/sail'>', n. A
sail on the topmast.

top2, n. A tov, of wood or metal, with a
point on which it is made to rotate.

to^paz, tO'paz, n. A transparent gem of a
yellow color.

to'per, tO'pfir, n. A habitnal drunkard;
8ot. [a theme.— top^lc-al, a.

top'Ic, top'ic, n. A subject of discourse;

to-pog^ra-phjr, to-peg'ra-fi, n. 1. The
descnption of places, as on a map. 2.
The physical features, collectively, of a re-
gion.— to-pog^ra-pher, n. An expert in
topography. — to - po - graph 'ic, to-po-
graphac-al, a.

top'ple, tep'l, i;. [top'pled; top'pling.]
To totter and fall.

top"»y-taWvy, top'si-tur'vi, adv. Up-
side down; in dire confusion.

torch, tSrch, n. A light made of any
combustible substance fastened to a pole,
or a lamp so attached.

tore, tSr, imp. of teab, v.

tor-ineiit^<>, tSr-ment', vt. To torture.

tor^ment, tSr'ment, n. Intense pain or
a person or thing that causes it; torture;
anguish; distress.— tor-ment^or, n.

tonit torn. pp. of tlab, v.

tor-na^do, t5r-n§'do, n. [-does', »?.] A
violent storm, of small extent, usually with
rain and lightning.

tor-pe'do, tSr-pl'do, n. 1. [-does', pl.l
An apparatus containing an explosive to
be fired by concussion or otherwise. 2.
A ray-fish having an electric apparatus
with which it stuns or kills its prey.

tor'por, tSr'per, n. Complete or partial
msensibility; stupor; apathy; torpidity.

— tor'pld. a. Dormant; numb; ahig-
glsh.— tor^pid^-t7,n. tor'pid-^eost.

toi^rent, ter'ent, n. A rushing stream.

tor'rld, ttWid, a. Sultry; scorching.

tor^slon, tdr'shnn, n. The act of twist-
ins, or the state of being twisted.

toi^tolse, tdr'tis, n. A turtle.

tor'tn-ons, tdr'chu-us or -tin-us, a.
Winding; twisting; erratic.

tor'tare,tdr'chnror-t|ftr- 1.. vt. [tob'-
tured; tob'tub-ing.] To inflict extreme
pain upon; cause to suffer keenly. II. n.
Intense suffering; agony.— tor'tur-er, n.

To'ry, tCri, n. [To'bibs«, pi.} 1. A
member of an English historic political
party, originating with the Cavalier partv
of Charles I. 2. One who during the
American Revolution adhered to the British
cause.— To^ry-ism, n.

toss, tee, V. [tossed^ or tost; toss'ing.]
1. 1. To throw, pitch, or fling up or about.
II. i. To throw oneself from side to side ;
be moved, rocked, or blown alx>ut.

toss, n. 1. The act of tossing. 2. The
state of being tossed about.

tot, tat, n. A little child; toddler.

to'tal, to'tal. I. a. Being a total; com-
plete. II. n. The whole sum or amount.

— to-tal'i-ty, n.— to^tal-ly, adv.
tot'ter, tet'er, vi. To waver, as if abont

to fall; walk unsteadily.

to a-can', tu-cfln' or tli'can, n. A tropica]
American bird with im-
mense beak.

toacliStuch,!?. I. t.
To be in or come
into contact Mith,
as with the hand;
reach; strike; play
upon. 2. To affect
with tender feeling.
3. To relate to- con-
cern. II. i. To'be
in contact.— to uch'-
ing. l»pa. Appeal-
ing to the susceptibili-
ties; affecting. II,
prep. With regard to.— touchy, a. [Col-
loQ-J Qulck»tempered.

toacli, n. 1. A touching; contact 2.
The sense that gives the impression of
contact. 3. Any slight effort or effect, as
of brush or pen. 4. Accord; sympathy.

— touch'stone", n. 1, A fine»grained
dark stone, formerly used to test the fineness
of gold. 2. Any standard or criterion.—
touch^wood'', n. Some soft combustible
material used as tinder.

tough, tuf, a. 1. Capable of being bent
or strained without breakhng; tenacious.

Toucan, i/w

papd, 9sk; at, fihr; el^mgnt, th6y, ns^ge; It, g, i (ee); o, oh; orator, or; full, rlUe; but

Digitized byLjOOQlC



2. Vicious; vulgar.— tough'en, i;^. &vi.
To render or become tough or tougher.
toar, tOr. l,vt.&vi. To make a tour of;
travel. II. n. Around trip or journey;

— toui^ist* n. One who makes a tour,
toai^na-ment, tHr'na-mgnt, n. In me-
dieval times, a contest of skill between
parties of mounted knights; any series of
contested games. tourwkejX*

to ui^nl-quet, tOr'ni-ket, n. A bandage,
etc., for stopping the flow of blood through
an artery by compression.

tour, to, vt. To drag, as a boat, through
the water by a rope.

tonv^tn. A short coarse hemp or flax fiber.

tour^, n. 1. That which is towed, as a
vessel. 2. The act of towing.— tow'age,
n. The service of or charge for towing.—
tow^boat^f n. A boat for towing.— tow's
path^« n. A path along the river or canal,
used In towing boats.— to wsrope, n. A
rope used for towing, to wslinet.

to^ward, to'ard, a. 1. Keady to do or
learn; apt. 2. Approaching attainment.

to'urard, |. tO'cuxl, -ardz, prep. 1 . In a

to'urards, f course or line leading to; also,
facing. 2. With respect to. ST. Aiming
at or contributing to; for. 4. Near in
time; about.

tomr^el, tau'el, n. A cloth, usually of
linen, for drying anything by wiping.

tonr'er, tau'fir. I. vi. To rise like a tower.
11. n. A lofty structure; a citadel ; fortress.

— tow'er-inir, pa. 1, Like a tower;
lofty. 2. Violent; Intense; furious.

to urn, taon, n. 1. A collection of houses
larger than a village; also, the people of
such place, collectively. 2. [U. 8.] A
township.— towns^man, n. [towns'men.

.belonging to a town, etc.

tox'lc, tox'ic, a. Poisonous.

toy, toi. 1. vi. To dally; trifle; play.
II. a. Resembling a toy; of miniature
size. III. n. A plaything;" trifle.

traced, trfis. 1. vt. [traced^; tra'cing.]
1. To follow (a line), as with a pencil;
sketch; map out. 2. To copy, as a draw-
ing or writing, on a superposed transparent
sheet. 3. T^ track. II. n. 1. A ves-
tige or mark; track; trail. 2. A barely
detectable quantity. — trace' a- bl(e, a.
Capable of being traced. — tra'cer-y, n.

[-IE8«, pU Any delicate lace-llke pattern;
scrollwork.— tra'clnir, n. Tbe act of one
who traces; that which Is traced.

trace'. I. vt. To fasten, as with traces.

11. n. One of two straps or chains of a
harness for drawing a load.

tra'clie-a, trfi'kg-a or tra-kl'a, n. [-che-
^, -k§-t or -ke-g, pi.} The windpipe.

track^S trac, vt. 1 . To follow tne tracks
of; trail. 2. To make tracks upon; trav-

track't, vt. To tow.

track, n. 1 . A mark made by anything
that has gone by; trail; series of foo^
prints. 2. A beaten path; road; race-
course. 3. A railway.

— track'less, a. Untrodden; pathless.
tracts, tract, w. An extended area.
tract', n. A short treatise; pamphlet.
tract'a-bl(e, tract'a-bl, a. Manageable;

docile.— tracf'a-blH-ty, w.

trac'tile, trac'tll, a. Capable of being drawn
out.— trac-tiPi-ty, n.

trae'tlon, trac'shun, n. The act of draw-
ing or pulling.

trade, trgd, v. [tra'ded<*; tra'ding.J
"K, t. To dispose of by bargain and sale;
barter. II. i. To engage in trade; traflic.

traded, n. Abusiness; bargain; deal; trafldc.

— tra'der, n.— trades^man, 7i. 1. A
shopkeeper. 2. Ameclianlc.

trade', n. A trade-w ind.— trade'fwlnd'^,
n. A wind blowing steadily near the equa-
tor, from the northeast on the northern, from
the southeast on the southern side of the line.

tra-dl^tlon, tra-dlsh'un, n. Knowledge
transmitted without writing, from genera-
tion to generation.— tra-di'tlon-al, a.
tr a-di'ti on-a-ry j:«

tra-dnce^, tra-diOs', vt. [tra-duced'«;
TRA-Du'ciNG.l To misrepresent wilfully;
defame; slander.— tra-du'cer, n.

traf ^fic, traf'ic. I. vt. . & vi. Ftrap'.
picked^; TRAT'ncK-iNO.] To Darter;
conduct business; bhy and sell. II. n.
The exchange of goods, w^ares, etc.; trade;
transportation, as oy railroad.

trag^e-dy, traj'g-dl, n. [-dies', pi."] 1,
The form of drama in which the theme is
solemn, lofty, or pathetic. 2. A fatal
event; dramatic incident.— tra-ge^di-an,
n. 1. An actor In tragedy. 2. An author
of tragedies.- tra^ffc^di en ne', tra'zhe -
dyen' or tra-jt'dl-en% w. /em.— traa'ict
traj'Ic, a. Pertaining to tragedy; fatal; ca-
lamitous, trag'ic-alt. , , .. . ,

trail, trel, vt. & vi. To draw along light-
ly; drag or draw after; follow the frailof ;
trace; creep, as a plant.

trail, n. 1. The track left by anything
drawn over a surface; a track; beaten
path. 2. Anything trailed; a train.

train, trgn, v. 1. t. 1 . To develop by
instruction and practice; educate; disci-

Or; fiftt|{^ (future); cUsle; an (put); ell; e (k); chat; dl& «Ae); go; sing, i^ik; tliln.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



pline. 2. To direct; point: aim. 3. To
draw along; trail. II. i. To give or tal^e
a course or exercise and instmction.

train, trgn, n. 1 . Anything drawn oat to
a length; a series of things drawn along, as
a line of railway carriages; a line, as of
combustibles, to conduct fire to a charge;
the trailing part of a gown; a comet's tail.
2. A retinue; suite.

train-oil'', trgn'-6il% n. Oil tried out
from the blubber of whales.

trait, trgt, n. A distinguishing feature or
quality of mind or character.

tral'tor, trd't§r, n. One who betrays a
trust; one who commits treason.

— trai^tor-oas« a. Treasonable, -ly,
adv. -ness, n.— trai'tress, n. fern.

tram^mel, tram'el. I. vt. [-meled or
-melled; -mel-ing or -mel-linq.J To
hamper. II. n. An impediment; fetter.

tramp, tramp. I^. vt. Sovi. 1 . To walk
with heavy steps. 2. To travel on foot;
walk or wander aimlessly. II. iz. 1. A
heavy, continued tread. 2. A long stroll
on foot. 3. [U. S.] A vagrant.

— tram'pKe. tramj)], v. [tbam'pl(e)d;
TBAM'PLiNQ.] I, t. TO trcad uudcr foot.
II. i. To step heavily.

trance, trgns, n. 1 . A state in which the
soul seems to have passed out of the body.
2. A state of insensibility; catalepsy.

tran'qull, tra^'cwil, a. 1. Free from
agitation or disturbance; calm. 2. Quiet
and motionless, -ly, adv. -ness, n. —
tran^quil-ize, vt. [-ized; -i'ziko. j To
make tranquil: soothe, •tran^quil-isel:*
— tran-quiHi-ty, n.

trans -act'<*, trans-act', vt. To carry
through, as business; accomplish; do.

— trans-ac^tion, trans-ac'shun, n. A
doing; something done; an affair.

trans-al'plne, trans-aPpin or -pcun, a.

1 . Situated on the other side of the Alps,
especially as viewed from Rome. 2.
Crossing or extending across the Alps.

trans'^at-lan'tlc, trans'at-lan'tic, a. 1 .
Situated on the other side of the Atlantic.

2. Crossing the Atlantic.
tran-scend''', tran-send', vt. To rise

above; surpass. — Iran - scend ' ence, n.
Surpassing eminence. tran-scend^en-
cyt.— tran-scend'ent, a. Exalted; spir-
itual, -ly, adv. -ness, n.— tran^'^scen-
den^tal, a. 1. Of very high degree. »J,
Transcending experience; Intuitional.—
tran'^^scen-den^tal-isin, n.
tran-serlbe', tran-scraib', vt. To write
over again: copy or recopy.— tran-scrl'-
ber, n.— tran^script, n. A copy.— tran-
scri potion, n. A copying; transcript.

Gronnd«pIan of

tran^sept, tran'eept, n. Arch. One of

the projections at right

angles to the nave or a

cruciform church.
trans - fer ', trans - fgr ',

vt. [trans-terred';

TRANs-rER'RiNG.] To re-
move, or cause to pass

from one person or place «

to another; convey. j

— trans-fer^a-bl(e. a. ]

That may be transferred.
trans'fer, trans'fgr, n.

1 . The act of transferring.

2. That which is trans-
ferred. 3 . A place, meth-
od, or means of transfer.

trans- fig/are, trans-fig'-
yur, vt. Ppig'ured; -riG'-
UR-iNG.I To change the
outward form or appear-
ance of; make glonous;
idealize.— trans - flg^or-
a^tion, n. a, nare; &, 6,

trans-nx^, trans-fix', vt, transepts; c, choir.
To pierce through.

trans-form^, trans-fSrm', vt. To give a
different form to; to alter; convert; change.
— trans^for-ma'tion, n.

trans-fuse^ trans-fl&z', vt, [trans-
fused'; TRANS-FU'SING.] To pOUf OUt Or

transfer, as a fluid.— trans-fu'slon, n.

trans-gress'S trans-gres', v. I. t. To
break over; go beyond; violate. II. i. To

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