James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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like cavity, cell, etc.— ve-alo'tt-lar, a.

ves^per, ves'pgr. I. a. Pertaining to
the evening or to the service of veepers.
II. n. l,pl. Evening worship. 2. [V-]
Venus when an evening star.

papd, gsk; at, air; element, th^y, ns^; it^ Si ^ (^): ^i ^^t erats^r, or; full, rlUe; but.

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ves'sel, ves'el, n. 1 . A hollow receptacle.

2. A Bhip or other craft for navigation.

3. Anat. & Zool. A duct for fluid,
vest**, vest, v. 1, t. 1. To endow as with

authority; invest. 2* To confer owner-
ship of. II. i. 1. To put on vestments.
2. To take effect, as a title.— vesl'ed, pa.

I, Having vegtments; robed. Jj. Law.
Held by a tenure subject to no contingency.

Test, n. A short sleeveless jacket; waist-
coat; vesture.

Tes'tal, ves'tal. I. a. 1. Pertaining to
Vesta. 2. Suitable for a vestal or a nun;
chaste; pure. II. n. 1. Ham. Antiq.
One of the virgin priestesses of Vesta. 2*
A virgin: nun.

Tes^tl-bule, ves'ti-binl, n. An antecham-
ber; porch; enclosed entrance.

Tes'tlsre, ves'tij, n. A visible trace or im-
pression; originally, a foot'print; track.

Testament, vesfrngnt, n. An article of
dress; robe of state.

ves'try, ves'tri, n. [ves'triks", pi.] 1 . A
room where vestments are kept. 2. A
chapel. 3. A body administering the
affairs of a parish.— yet^try-man, n, A
member of a vestry.

ves^ture, ves'chur or -tiQr, w. Something
that invests or covers; garments; a robe.

Tetcb , vech, n. A plant of the bean family.

vet'er-an, vet'er-an. I. a. 1. Old in
service. 2. Belonging to a veteran. II.
n. One long in service, as an old soldier.

Tet'er-l-na-rjr, vet'fir-i-ng-ri, n. Per-
taining to diseases or injuries of domestic
animals, and their treatment.— •vet'^er-i-
naM-an. n. One who treats diseases of
domesttc Animals; a horse-doctor. Tet'-

Te'to, vt'to. I. vt. To check by a veto.

II. n. [ve'toes«, ;?/.] 1 . The refusal of an
executive officer to approve a legislative en-
actment. 2* Any authoritative prohibition.

vexS vex, r^ r

1 . To pro-
voke; irritate; -=
annoy; to af- .
flict. 2. To *
agitate; dis-
turb. — vex- '
a'tion,vex-€'- '
shnn, n. 1. ■
The act of vex-
Ing, or the

state of being Viaduct,

vexed. 2. That

which vexes.— vex-a'flouH, a. Vexing;
troublesome; annoying, mly^ adv. -ness, n.

vl'a, val'a or via, prep. By way of, as a
route or place.

Tl^a-duct, vara-duct, n. Abridge-like
structure, to carry a roadway or the like
over a valley or ravine. See illus. in pre-
ceding column.

Tl^al, valval, n. A small bottle, commonly
of glass and cylindrical. pbl'alt>

Tl^and, vai'and, n. An article of food.

vl^brate, vai'brfit, vt. & vi. [vi'bra-
TBD«>; vi'bra'ting.] To move or swing
back and forth, as a pendulum: oscillate;
fluctuate; vacillate.— vi-bra'tlon, ?). 1.
The act of vibrating; oscillation. 2* A com-
plete motion back and forth.— vi^bra-to-
i*y, a. Pertaining to or causing vibration.

vle'ar, vic'ar, n. One who is authorized
to perform functions in the stead of an-
other; a parish priest.— vic'ar-age, n.
The benefice, office, or residence of a vicar.

Tl-ea^rl-ons, vai-k£'ri-us, a. 1. Made
or performed by substitution. 2. Acting
for another, -ly, adv.

Tlce*, vais, n. 1. Depravity; gross im-
morality. 2* A bad trick, as of a horse.

Tice^, n. Same as vise. [the place of.

vice, vai'st or vl'cfi, jirep. Instead of; in

vice-, vols, pr^x. Substitute; subordinate;
sub-; second.— vice-ge^rent* vols- jl 'rent.
I. a. Acting In the place of another. II.
n. One authorized to exercise the powers of
another; a deputy.— vlce'»pre»'''i-den-cy,
n. The office or term of vice-president.— v.»
president, n. One who Is to act, on occa-
sion. In place of a president.— vice-re'gal,
a. Of or relating to a viceroy.— vice'roj', n.
A ruler acting with royal authority in the
place of a sovereign.

vie ' 1 - nage, vis'i-n6j, n. The vicinity;
neighborhood.— vi-ciii'i-ty, n. Nearness;
proximity; neighborhood.

vl^clous, vish'us, a. 1 . Addicted to vice;
depraved; wicked; evil. 2. Unruly; faulty;
malignant. -ly, adv. -ncss, n.

vl-cis'sl-tude, vi-sis'i-tiQd, n. A change,
as of fortnne; mntation.

vlc'tim, vic'tim, n. A living creatnre
sacrificed or made to suffer; a sufferer; a
dupe. [tory; a conqueror.

vlc'tor, vic't^r, n. One who wins a vic-

vic'to-rv, vic'to-ri. w. [-ribs",/?/.] The
overcoming of an enemy or of opposition
or difficulty.- vic-to'rl-oui, a. Conquer-
ing; triumphant, -ly, adv. -nesH. n.

vict'ual, vit'l. I. vt. & vi. [vict'ualed
or vict'ualled; vict'ual-ino or vict'-
UAL-LiNG.] To furnish or store with vict-
uals. II. n. pi. Food for human beings.

vl-dePl-cet, vi-del'i-set, adv. To wit;
namely: abbreviated viz.

vl-detf e', n. Same as vedette.

vie, vai, ri. [vied; vy'inq.] To strive for
superiority: followed by tmA.

or: fiat||;^rc (future); aisle; an (out); ell; e (k); ebat; db (^); s^o; sinn:, i|^k; tblll.

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yrtew, vitl. I. vt. To look at scrutini-
zingly; inspect; see. II. n. 1. The act
of viewing: survey; examination. 2.
Hange of vision. 3. A spectacle; land-
scape. 4. Intention; opinion; motion. —
Tiew'lesfl« a. Invisible; unseen.

▼Ig'il, vij'il, n. 1. The act of keeping
awake; watchfulness. 2. Religious devo-
tions: usually plural.— vig^-lance, n.
Alertness; watchfulness.— Tiff'i-lant. a.
Being awake and on the alert; watchful;
heedful, -ly, adv.

vign-ette', vin-yet', n. 1 . A running or-
nament of leaves and tendrils. 2. An en-
graving, or the like, having a background
that is shaded off gradually.

vig'or, vig'§r, n. Active strength; force;
energy.— vii'or-ous, a. 1 . Full of vigor;
robust. 2. Pertaining to vigor, -ly, adv.
-nesSf n.

vile, vail, a. [vi'lbbjvi'iest.J 1. Shame-
fully wicked; sinful. 2. Mean; objec-
tionable; disgusting, -ly, adv. -ness, n.
— vil'l-fy. vt. [-FIKD; -FY'ixG.] To de-
fame; slander.— viF'^i-n-ca'tion, n.

vtl'la, vU'a, n. An elegant country house.

viFlage, vil'gj, n. A collection of houses
smaller than a town; also, its inhabitants
collectively.— vlFla-ger, n.

villain, vil'§n, n. 1. A basely wicked
person; scoundrel. 2. Formerly a serf;
larm-servant.— vll1ain-ou8, a. Wicked;
vile; atrocious.— Tll'lain-y, n. Moral de-
pravity; extreme wickedness.

vin^di-eate, vin'di -kgt, vt. [-ca'tbd«>;
-CA'TiNG.] To assert or defend a^inst
attack; maintain successfully; justify. —
vin'^di-ca'^tion, n. Justification; defense.
— vin'di-ca'''tiT(e, a. Tending to vindi-
cate, [ful. -ly, adv. -ness, n.

vlii-die^tlv(e, vin-dic'tiv, a. Revenge-
vine, vain,* 72. Any climbing or twining
plant, especially a grape»vine.

vin'e-gar, vin'§-gar, n. An acid liquid
obtained from the fermentation of an alco-
holic liquid; anything sour.
: vlne'yard, vin'yard, n. A place where
grape-vines are cultivated in numbers.

vi'nous, vai'nus, a. Pertaining to wine;

Vint' age, vint'0j, n. The yield of a vine-
yard or wine-growing district; also, the
act or time of gathermg it.— vinl'ner, n.
A wine-merchant.

vi'ols vai'§l, 11. A stringed instrument of
the violin class.- vi'o-Ia, vai'o-la or vt-
O'la, n. A stringed Instrument somewhat
larger than the Tlolln.

vl'o-late, vai'o-l§t, vt. [-la'tbd*'; -la'-
TiNG.] 1 , To break, as a law or an oath;

transgress. 2. To treat irreverently; do
violence to; abuse. — ▼I'^o-la'tloii, ». —
vi'o-Ia-tiv(e, a.— vi'o-la''tor,n.

vl'o-lent, vai'o-lfint, a. Forcible; furi-
ous; intense, -ly. adv. — vi^'o-lence, n.

Violent exercise of force; Injury; outrage.

vi'o-let, vai'o-let. I. a. Of the color of
violet. II. n. 1 . A low-growing plant,
bearing flowers typically of a purplish blue
color. 2. A color seen at the end of the
spectrum opposite the red.

vi*o-lin', vai"o-lin', n. 1 . A mnsl«al in-
strument of the viol class, having four
strings. 2. A violinist.— vi'^o-lin'tet, n.
One who plays on the violin.

vi"o-lon-eel1o, vl"o-len-chel'10 or vai'-
o-len-sel'O, n. A bass violin having four
strings, celloj.

vi'per, vai'per. n. A venomous Old
World snake; adder.— vl^er-ous, a. Hav-
Ing the qualities of a viper; venomous.

vi-ra'go, vai-re'go or vt-rfl'go, n. [-goes,
pi.] A turbulent woman; vixen.

vfr'gln, vgr'jin. I. a. 1 . Pertaining or
suited to a virgin; maidenly; chaste. 2.
Uncormpted; pure. 3. Untried; new;
maiden. II. n. A chaste unmarried wom-
an ; a maiden. — vir ' gin - al, a.— vir-
jrin'i-ty, n. Maidenhood.

vir'liCe, vir'il, a. Having the character-
istics of mature manhood; masculine.
— vi-ril'i-ty, «.

vlr-tn', vir-tfi', n. Rare, cunons, or beau,
tiful quality: generally m the phrase ob-
jects or articles (^ virtu.

vir'tue, ver'chiior-tiu, n. 1. Moral ex-
cellence; virtuousness; morality; chastitv.
2. Any admirable quality. — ▼Ir'tu-al,
ver'chu-al or -tlu-al, a. Being in effect, but
not In form or appearance, -ly, adr. —
Tir'^tn-ous, a. Characterized by or har-
Ing the nature of virtue; moral; upright
-ly, adr. -ness, n.

vi'rns, vai'rus or vl'rus, n. A morbid
poison that is the means of communicating
infectious disease.— vir'u-Ience, n.— vir^
u-lent, vlr'u-l§nt, a. Having the nature of
virus; poisonous; malignant.

vis^age, viz'gj, n. The face or look of a
person; distinctive aspect.

vi8"sd.sTi8', vlz"-fi-vl'. I. n. One of two
persons or things that face each other. II.
adv. Visage to visage; face to face.

vis'ce-ra, vis'sg-ra «?r -ce-ra, n.pl. The
internal organs of the body.— vi9^5er-al,a.
1 , Pertaining to or enclosing the viscera, i.
Abdominal. [viscous.— Tis-cid'l-ty, n.
vls'cid, vis'sid, a. Sticky or adhesive:
vis'ooant", vai'caunt', n. 1. In Eng-
land, a nobleman next below an earl, i*
In continental Europe, the son or younger

papd, 9sk; at, air; element, they, us^ge; it, g, i (ee); o, 5h; erat^r, or; full, rule; bvt,

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icrew or ^,

brother of a count. — vi8'count"e«B, n.
The wife of a viscount; a peeress.

vls'coas,vi8'cu8, a. 1. Glutinous; sticky.
2. Imperfectly fluid, as tar or wax.-— via-
cos^i^ty* ^*

Tise, vol 8, n. An instrument of two jaws
closed together by a screw or
the like, vlcet.

vls^i-bl(e, viz'i-bl, a.
Such as may be seen;
perceptible; evident.

— viB^i-bil'I-ty, n.
vIs'i-bKe-nesst.— Vise.

Tls^i-bly, adv. _

vi'ston, vizh'un, n. 1. The sense of
sight; act of seeing. 2. Something seen;
an apparition; dream; fantasy; specifically,
an inspired revelation.— vi^'sion- a- ry.
I. a. Impracticable; dreamy; unreal. II. n.
[-KiK8«,p/,] A theorist; dreamer.

vl8'lt«», viz'it, V. 1. t. 1 . To make a vis-
it to. 2. To send or come upon, as good
or evil. II. i. To call; make calls.

vls'lt, n. The going to see a person, place,
or thing; a sojourn; call.— vls'it-ant, n. A
visitor; that which comes and goes or makes
a transient appearance.— vis'^lt-a'tion, n.
A \i8it; a dispensation.— vis'it-or, n.

vis^or, n. Same as vizob.

iris'Ca, vis'tQ, n. A view or prospect, as
along an avenue; an outlook.

vis^u-al, vizh'yu-Ql, a. 1 . Pertaining to
or serving sight. 2. Visible.

wVtWLl, voi'tal, a. Pertaining to life; es-
sential to or affecting life; of utmost im-
portance.— vi-taFi-ty, n. Vital principle
or force; power of continuing In force or ef-
fect. — vi'tal-Iy, adv. — vi'tals, n. pi.
The vital parts, as the heart and brain,

vl'tl-ate, vish'i-§t, vt. [-a"ted«>; -a'tinq.]
To contaminate; debase; impair; destroy.

vlt're-oas, vit'rg-us, a. 1 . Pertaining to
glass; glassy. 2. Obtained from glass.

— vit'ri-fy, v. [-fibd: -fy'inq.] I. t.
To make vitreous; glaze. II. i. To become
glass or glassy.
■ vlt'ri-ol, vit'ri-gl, n. Sulfuric acid, or
any of its salts.- blue vitriol, a copper
sulfate. — ffreen- t., copperas. — vit'-'H*
ol'ic, a. Of or like vitriol; caustic.

vl-tu'per-ate, vai-titi'pgr-gt or vi-titl'-
pgr-^t, vt. [-A'TBD<»; -A'TiNG.] To find
fault with abusively; upbraid; rail at.

— vl-tn'^per-a^tion, n.— vi-tu^per-
a«tiT(e, a. Defamatory.
. T-l-T-a'elons, vai-vS'shus or vi-ve'shus, a.
Pull of life; lively; active.— vi-vac'l-ty,
n. r-Tii8», pi."] The state of being vivacious;
Mveuness. vl-va^clons-nesst.

vlv'ld,viv'id,a. Lifelike; intense; spirit-
ed, -ly, adv. -nesa, n.

vlv'i-iy, viv'i-fai, vt. [-pied; -py'ing.1
To endue with life; animate.

vl-Flp'a-rouii, vcd-vip'a-rus, a. Bring-
ing forth living young, as most mammals.

vlv'^i-sec'tion, viv'i-sec'shun, n. The
dissection of a living animal.

Tlx'en, vix'n, n. 1. A turbulent, quarrel-
some woman. 2. A female fox.

vl-zier', I vi-zlr', n. A high official in a

vi-zlr', f Mohammedan countr^r,

viz^or, viz'gr, n. A projecting piece on the
front of a cap or helmet, vfs'ort.

vo - cab ' u - la - ry , vo-cab'yu-lg-ri, n.

fcBIBS«, pL] 1 . A list of words in alpha-
jtical order. 2. An aggregate of words.

-FO^cal, vO'col, a. 1. Having voice; oral.
2. Pertaining to the voice; uttered or
modulated by the voice; sonant.— vo'cal-
ist« n. A singer.— vo'cal-ize, vt. & vL
[-IZKD; -I'ziNG.] To make vocal; utter
sound with the voice.— vo"caI-i-za'-
tion, n.— vo'cal-ly, adv. [cupation.

vo-ca^tion, vo-ke'shun, n. A regular oc-

vo-cirer-ate, vo-sifgr-^t, vt. & vi. [-a"-
TED«*; -a'ting.] To utter loudly and ve-
hementiy ; roar out.— vo-clf"er-a'tlon, n.
— vo-cifer-ons, a. Making a loud out-
cry; clamorous, -ly, adv.

vogue, vOg, n. The prevalent way or
fashion; popular temporary usage.

Toiee, veis. I. vt. [voiced^; voi'cing.]

1. To put into speech; give voice to. 2.
To tune. II. n. 1. The sound produced
by the vocal organs of a person or animal.

2. The power of vocal utterance. 3.
Opinion or choice expressed. 4 . The form
of a verb, as active or passive.— volce'-
less, a. Having no voice; silent.

void, void, I«*. vt. 1. To render null;
annul. 2. To send out; emit; evacuate.

II. a. 1. Vacant; empty; unoccupied;
destitute; clear. 2. ineffective; null.

III. n. A vacuum; blank; emptiness.
vol'a-tll(e, vel'Q-til, a. 1 . Evaporating

readily. 2. Easily influenced: fickle;
changeable ; transient.- voI'a-tllCe-nesa,
n. ▼ol"a-tiI'i-tyt.-vol'a-tll-ize or
-ise, vel'a-tll-alz, vt. & vi. To cause to pasa
off In vapor; become volatile.

Tol-ca'no, vel-k§'nO, n. [-noes', pi.] A
mountain, having a crater from which lava
is or has been ejected.— vol-can'ic, a.

vo-irtlon, vo-lish'mi, n. The power of
willing; resolve; decision; will.

vol'Iey, vel'§. I. vt. & vi. To discharge
with a volley; be let fly together. 11. n.
A simultaneous discharge of many missiles.

vo'lo-drome, n. Place where flying ma-
chines are tested. .^ , , ^

volt, volt, n. The practical unit of electro-

©r; f mtlt^re (future); aisle; an (out); ©11; c (k); cliat; dli (the); go; sing, i^k; tlkisi.

Digitized byLjOOQlC



motive force.— vol-ta^c, vel-tS'ic, a. Per-
taining to electricity developed through
chemical action or contact; galvanic.
irol'a-bl(e, vel'yu-bl, a. 1. Having a ready
flow of words : fluent. 2 . Tuniing readily.

— vol''u-bil'i-ty, n.— vol'a-Dly, adv.
ToFnme, vel'yflm, «. 1. A book; an-
ciently, a written roll. 2. Bulk; quantity;
fulness of sound or tone. — vo-lu^mi-noiui^
a. 1 . Consisting of many volumes; of great
bulk. t2. Having written much; productive.

voFun-ta-ry, vePmi-tg-ri, I. a. 1. Un-
constrained; intentional; volitional; free.
2. Possessing or exercising will. 3. Sub-
ject to will, as a muscle or movement. II.
n, [-RIE8", p/.] 1. Any worker perform-
ance not compelled. 2. Mtis, An organ
solo played before, during, or after service.

— ToPun-ta-ri-ly, adv.
vol'^un-teer', vel'un-ttr'. I. vt. & vi.

To oflfer one's service voluntarily. II. a.
Voluntary. III. n. One who volunteers,
as for service in the army.

To-lnp't u-a-ry, vo-lup'chu-[pr -tiu-]e-ri.
I. a. Pertaining to sensual desire or in-
dulgence. II. n. [-MESS pl.\ One ad-
dicted to sensual pleasures.

vo-lup''tu-ou», vo-lup'chu-us or -tin-us,
a. Belonging to sensuous gratification;
luxurious; sensual.

Tom^it, vemMt. I<i. vt. & vi. To throw
up (matter) from the stomach. II. n. 1 .
Matter thrown up from the stomach. 2.
An emetic. 3 . The act of vomiting.

iro-ra^cious, vo-rg'ehus, a. Eating greed-
ily; ravenous, -ly, adv.— \0'racn-ty,
vo-ras'l-tl, n. vo-ra'cious-nesst.

vor'tex, vSr'tex, n. [vor'ti-ces, vSr'ti-
stz or -c6s. or vor'tbx-es, pi.] A mass of
rotating fluid; a whirl in a fluid; whirl-
pool; whirlwind.— vor'tl-cal, a.

vo'ta-ry, vo'ta-ri, n. [-ries«, pi."] One
who is devoted to some particular worship,
pursuit, study, etc.— vo^ta-ress, n.fem.

vote, vot. I, vt. & vi. [vo'TED«>; vo'-
TiNG.] To determine by vote; cast a vote.
II. ?i. 1. A formal expression of choice,
as by a show of hands, or ballot. 2. The
aggregate of votes.- vo'ter,n. One who
votes, or Is qualified to vote.

vo'tlF(e, vo'tiv, a. Dedicated by a vow.

voucliS vauch, v. I. t. To support;
confirm; warrant. II. i. To become
surety for another.— vouch^er, n. 1.
Anything (as a receipt) that serves to attest
an alleged act. 2. One who vouches for
another. — vouch-safe', vauch-s^f, rt.
f-SAPED't; -sa'fino.J To grant; permit;

vour, vau, I. vt. & vi. To promise sol-
emnly, as to God; make a vow. II. n. A
solemn promise, as to God; solemn pledge.

voi^'ol, vau'el. I. a. Pertaining to a
vowel. II. n. An open vocal sound or
a character representing it, as a, «, t, o, u,

voy'age, vei'|j. I. vt. & vi. [vot' aged;
voT'A-GiNG.] To travel over; make a voy-
age. II. w. A journey by water.
— voy'a-ger, n.

Tnl^can-l-za^tioii, vul'can-i-zfi'shun,
n. The process of treating crude, india-
rubber with sulphur at a high temperature.
— vuPcan-izei vt.

vul^gar, vul'gar. I. a. Pertaining to the
common people; coarse or common; low;
inelegant; unrefined; vernacular. II. n.
The common people.— vuKgar-ism, n.
1. Vulgarity. 2. A word or phrase offensive
to good taste.— vul-gaWi-ty, vul-gar'i-tl,
n. The quality of being vulgar, coarseness.

irul^ner-a-bl(e, vul'ner-a-bl, a. 1 . Ca-
pable of being woundedC 2. Liable to at-
tack ; assailable. — ▼ul'^ner-a - MF 1 - ty ,
TuPner*a-b1(e«ne88t n. [cr^ty.

Tnrplne, vul'pin or -pain, a. Foxlike;

vul'ture, vul'chur or -titjr, n. One of
certain birds that feed on carrion.
— TaFtar-iiUe, a. vuFtur-onsi.


W, w, dub'1-yti, n. [w's, W's, or TFs,
dub'1-yfiz, pi J The twenty-third letter in
the English alphabet.

^raVble, web'I. I. vt. & vi. [wab'-
BLED^ WAB'BLiNQ.] To sway or movc Un-
steadily, as a top turning at a low speed;'
vacillate. II. n. A wabbling motion.

i^iracl, wed. I. vi. [wad'ded**; wad'-
DiNQ.] To press into a mass; pack; put a

wad in. II. n. A small compact mass
of soft substance, as used for packing,
etc.— wadMing, n. Wads collectively;
carded cotton In sheets used for padding.

w^ad'dle, wod'l. I. vi. [wAD'i>tED;
wad'dling.] To sway from side to side
in walking. II. n. A clumsy rocking
walk.— wadMler, n.

i^ade, wgd, vt. & vi. [wa'ded«»; wa'-

papfi, cjsk; at, air; el^mgnt, th6y, nsfge; It, |, t (ee); o, oh; orator, ©r; full, rule; bot,

Digitized byLjOOQlC



DIN6.] To walk through water or other
yielding sabetance; plod.

waller, wfi'fgr, n. 1. A thin hardened
disk of paste for sealing letters, etc. 2» A
smalL flat disk as of anieavened bread.

urarfle, won, n. A batter cake baked
between hinged iron plates called waffle'

w^alt, wgft, vt. To carry lightly with
waving motion, as in air or water.

ivag, wag, »<. & »i. [wagged; wag'gingJ
To move quickly m alternate opposite di-

iiras:> , n. The act or motion of wagging.

HVB-S^n n. A droll fellow: wit; a joker.
~wa«'Ker-y,n. Fun; drollery.— wag'-
ffiflh, a. Jocose, -ly. adv. -iiess* n.

ura^e, w§j. I. vt. [waged; wa'ging.]
To engage in vigorously, as a conflict. II.
n. Payment for service rendered: usually
in the plural.

^ra^ser, wg'jgr. I. vt. & vi. To stake;
bet. II. n. 1. The staking of some-
thing, as money, upon the happening or
not nappening of an uncertain event; a
het. 2. The thing pledged.

uras'on, wag'un, n. A four-wheeled
vehicle. Mrag^gonl [Eng.].

— ^iraff'^oii-er. n. A wagon-driver.
ifair, wef, n. 1. A homeless wanderer.

2. Anything found and unclaimed.

^rall. wgl. 1. vt. & /vi' To moan. II.
n. A prolonged moan; plaintive cry.

^ral n^scot, wen'8C§t, n. A lining for the
lower portion of inner walls, usually of
paneled wood.

vt'aist, west, n. 1 . That part of the body
between the chest and the hips, or a gar-
ment covering it. 2. The middle part of
a* ship or other object. — walsr band,
w^st'bgnd, n. A band for the waist, consti-
tuting the upper part of trousers, skirts, etc.
— wnist^coatf w^s'cot or wes'cut, n. A
man's vest.

liralt<', w§t, v. I. t. To delay action for
(something); await. II. i. 1. To rest
in expectation. 2* To stand in readiness.
3* To be or act as a waiter.— walt'er, n.
1-. One who waits; an attendant, as at table.
58, A tray for dishes, etc.— wnit'ress, n.

"vralvCe, wSv, vt. [waiv(e)d; waiv'ing.]
To relinquish, especially temporarily, as a
claim; put aside; yield.

irvake, wdk, v. [waked^ or woke; wa'-
KiNG.J I. t. To rouse from slumber;
awake; arouse: resuscitate. II. i. 1.
To be aroused from sleep, etc. 2. To be
set in action. 3. To keei) watch at nisrht.

— ^;rake^ful, a. 1. Remaining awake,
especially at night. '2» Attended by want

of sleep, -ly, adv. -ness, n.— wa^ken,

wfi'kn, vt. 1. To arouse from sleep;

awaken. 2, To Incite to activity.
"vrake^, w6k, n. A watching au night over

the body of a dead person. [the water.
urake^, n. The track left by a vessel in
urale, wel. I. vt. [waled; wa^ldtg.]

1. To lash; flog, wliale^. 2. To
mark with wales or strakes. II. n. 1 .
A ridge made by flogging. 2. A ridge or
strake, as in the planking of a vessel.

uralkS wdk, i;. I. ^. 1. To pass through
or over at a walk. 2. To lead, ride, or
drive at a walk, as a horee. II. i. 1.
To advance by steps, without running;
take a walk. 2. To behave; live.

uralk, n. 1 . The act of walking; a move-
ment in which a quadruped has always
two or more feet on the ground, and a
biped always one foot on the ground. 2.
The manner of walking; a promenade or
stroll. 3. A place for walking; path;
sidewalk; range; pasture. 4. A course
of life; conduct.

i^rall, w61. I. vt. To provide with a
wall: enclose; fortify; defend. II. n. A
continuous structure, as for the side of a
house, vessel, etc. ; also, a fence of stone
or masonry. [2. A bag; knapsack.

i^raFlet, wol'§t, n. 1. A pocketbook.

-vraFlow, wero. I. vi. To roll about,
as in mud or mire. II. n. The act of
wallowing; place where animals wallow.

i^raFnut, wSl'nut or wel'nut, n. A valu-
able timber-tree, its edible
nut, or its wood.

uraFrus, wel'rus or w61'- J
rus, n. A large marine seal- «
like mammal having tusk-
like canines in the upper

uraltz, wSlts or vdlts. I*.
vi. To dance a waltz. II.
n. Around dance in triple
time, or the music for it.

uram^puni, wem^pum, n.
Beads formed of shells Leaf and Fruit
strung on threads, formerljr of the Black
used by the American Indi- Walnut,
ans as currency. a, nut. as it

uran, wen, a. 1. Pale, as grows: ft, nut,
from sickness; pallid. 2.Z'tJ^^ ""
Dismal. °*'^^-

urand, wend, w. 1 . A long slender rod.

2. A musician 's bat<m.

ii^an^der, vveo'dgr, vi. To roam hither
and thither; ramble; stray; be delirious.
— wanMer-er, n.
wane, wen. I. vi. [waned; wa'ning.J

ur; fiatgQre (future); aisle; au (out); eil; c (k); eliat; dli (the); go; slngr, i^k; tlifaL

Digitized byLjOOQlC



To diminish; decline. II. n. Decrease,
as of the moon's visible surface: decline.

i;irant<i, wflnt, v. 1, t. 1. To feel the
need of; desire. 2. To be without; be in
need of; lack; require. II. i. To be
needy; be deficient; be lacking or absent.

urant, n. 1. Lack or absence of
something; scarcity. 2. Privation; pov-
erty. 3. Something lacking or desired.

w^an'ton, wen'tun. I. vt. & vi. To
squander; waste; revel. II. a. 1. Un-
restrained; frolicsome; licentious. 2.
Inexcusable. III. n. A licentious per-
son, -ly, adv. -ness, n.

wap^l-tl, wep'i-ti, n. A larg_e North-
American deer erroneously callt^ elk.

\^ar, wSr, v. I. vi. [warbbd; war'-
RiNG.] To be at war; make war; con-
tend. II. n. An armed contest between
nations or states.

urar^blCe, wSr'bl. I. vt. & vi. [war'-

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