James Champlin Fernald.

Concise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... online

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mediately adjoining the hand. — wrlst'-
bandf rfst'bgnd, n. The band or part of the
sleeve that covers the wrist.

vrrlt, rit, n. An order of a court to a pex-
son addressed.— Holy Writ, the Bible.

Mrrlte, rait, v, [wrote; writ'ten; wri'-
TiNG.] I. ^. 1 . To mark on a surface, in
letters. 2. To describe, compose, or pro-
duce in writing. II. i. To mark letters
on a surface; compose in writing. — wri-
ter, n.— wri'tlnff, n. 1. The act of one
who writes. 2* The characters so made. 3*
Anything written In letters.

vrrlthe, roidh, vt. & vi. [writhed;
wri'thing.] To twist with violence;
wrench; distort, as the body in pain.

^trrone, rSng or reng. I. vt. To injure;
oppress; misrepresent. II. a. 1. Vio-
lating right or justice. 2. Erroneous;
improper. 111. n. An injury; mischief;
crime; error.— wrongTuI, a. Character-
ized by wrong or Injustice. -I y, adv.

wrote* rOt, imp. of write, v.

wroth II, rSth, a. Full of wrath; angry.

w^rouffht, rdt, imp. & pp. of work, v.

w^ru Off, rung, imp. & pp. of wring, v.

Mrry, rai, a. Bent out of position; contort-
ed; perverted, -ly, adv, -ness, n.

X, X, ecs, n. [exes, X's, or Xs, ecs'gz, pi.]
The twenty-fourth letter in the English

ziph'old, zif'eid, a. Shaped like a sword.

X'»ray8". Same as Roentgen rays.

xy'lo-graph, zoi'lo-grgf, n. An engra-
ving on wood, or a print from such engra-
ving.— xy-Iog'ra-pner, zai-leg'ra-fgr, n.—

xy^'^lo-erraph'ic, xy^lo-vraph^c-al,

a. Pertaining to wood-engraving. — xy-
loff^ra-phy, n. 1, Wood -engraving. U.
The making of prints showing the grala of
xy'lo-plione, zai'lo-fon, n. A musical in-
strument with graduated metallic or wood-
en bars sounded by small mallets.

papQ, c^sk; at, fiir; el§m§nt, th^y, usf ge; It, |, i (ee); o, oh; erat^r, Sr; full, rule; bu. .

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Y, y,wai,w. [wTES,Y'8,orr8,waiz, »/.] The
twenty«fifth letter in the English alphabet.

yaclit, yet, n. A vessel specially built for
pleasure; a light, trim, swift, sailing or
steam vessel.— yacht'lng, n.

yam, yam, n. A climbing tropical plant
having a fleshy edible tuberous root.

ITan'kee, yaa'kg. I. a. Pertaining to
Yankees. II. n. A New Englander;
hence, any citizen of the United States.

yards y^rd, n. 1. The standard English
measure of length; 36 inches. 2^ Naut.
A spar suspended crosswise on a mast.—
yard'sarm", n. Naut. Either end of a
yard. — yard'stick'', n. A graduated
measuring-stick a yard In length.

yard^, n. A tract of ground enclosed near
a residence or other building.

yarn, ydm, n. 1. Spun fiber, as for kni^
ting, etc.; loosely, thread. 2. [CoUoq.]
A long extravagant story.

yar'rour, yar'O, n. A perennial herb with
a pungent odor and taste.

yaurl, ydl, n. 1. A small sailing vessel
rigged like a sloop, with a small additional
mast in the stem. 2. A ship's boat.

yaurn, ySn. I. vi. 1. To open the
month wide and draw in the breath, as
when drowsy. %, To stand wide open;
gape. II. n. A wide opening of the
mouth, as from weariness.

ye, yt, pron. The nominative plural of the
personal pronoun of the second person.

yea, yg. I. adv. Yes; verily. II. n.
An affirmative vote.

year, ytr, n. 1. The period of time in
which the earth completes a revolution
around the sun: about 365 days, used as a
unit of time, and divided into 12 months.
2. Any period of 12 months.— year'Ilng.
I. a. Being a year old. II. n. An animal
between one and two years old.— year'ly.
I. a. 1. Occurring once a year; annual.
i2* Continuing a year. II. adv. Annually.

yearn , yern, vi. To desire something anx-
iously; long.

yeast, ytst, t^. 1 . A fungous growth rapidly
propagated in saccharine liquids, produ-
cing alcoholic fermentation. 2. Such a
substance as prepared for raising dough;
a ferment. 3 . Froth or spume.— yeast'y , a.

yelk, yelk, n. [Dial. J Same as yolk.

yell, yel. I. vt. & vi. To express with a
yell; utter a yell. II. n. A sharp, loud,
and often inarticulate cry

yel'lo^v, yel'O. I. a. Having the color of
brass, gold, etc. II. w. The color of the
spectrum between green and orange. —
yellow fever, an acute infectious fever,
endemic in various tropical countries.-
yel'low-ish, a. Somewhatyellow.— yeF-
lowsjack'^et, n. A social wasp marked
with yellow.— yel'low-ness, n. /

yelp, yelp. I^ vi. To give a yelp./ II.
n. A sharp, shrill cry or bark.

yeo'man, yO'man, n. [yeo'mbn, pi.]
[Eng.] A freeholder, next undenthe rank
of gentleman; in modem usage, a farmer.
— yeo^man-ry, n. The collective body of
yeomen; freemen; farmers.

yes, yes, adv. As you say; truly; just so.

yes'ter-day, yes'tfir-d§. I. n. 1. The
day preceding to-day. 2. Loosely, the
near past. If. adv. On the day last past.

yes'ter-nlgiit'^, yes'tfir-naif. I. n. The
night last past. II. adv. In or during
the night last past.

yet, yet. I. adv. 1. In addition; besides.

2. Before or at some future time; eventu-
ally. 3. Still. 4. Atthe present time; now.
5. After all the time that has or had
elapsed. 6. Heretofore. II. corij. 1.
Nevertheless; notwithstanding. 2* But.

3. Although.

ye^ yti, n. An Old World evergreen tree

of slow growth and long life.
yield, ytld. I*, vi. &m. 1.

To furnish in return for labor.

2. To give way; surrender;

relinquish. 3. To admit;

assent; grant. II. n. The

amount gelded; product; re-
sult.— yleld^ing, pa. Dls-

posed to yield. i

yoke, yok. I, vt. [yoked*;. ^

yo'king.] To attach by

means of a yoke: put a yoke ^

? Spray of Eu-

upon: enslave. If. n. 1 A ^Spd^^'rew.
curved timber havmg a bow *1 . ,
at each end to receive the BteVile ctkiS.
neck of a draft-animal. 2.
Something that supports, binds, or con-
nects. 3. Servitude; bondage. 4. sing.
& pi. A couple; pair, as of oxen.

yolk, yOk or yOlk, n. The yellow portion
of an egg.

yo n, yen , a. & adv. Yonder : chiefly poetic.
— yon'der, yen'dgr. I, a. Being at a
distance Indicated. II. adv. In that place;
over there; there. '

ur; ft utgaie (future); aisle; an (out)\ ell; e (k); chat; dk (the); go; sinfft i^k; thin.

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yoret yOr, n. sing. & pi. [Archaic & Poet.]
Old time; originally, years.

yon, yQ, pran. The personal pronoun of
the second person plural: used also as

yonnfir»y^nis. I. a. Being in the early
period of life; youthful; vigorous; imma-
ture. II. n. Oflfspring, especially of the
lower animals. — young'ster, n. A young
person; a child.

your, ytlr, pron. Belonging to you: the
possessive case singular and plural of you:

in use preceding the noun.— yonra, pron.

Possessive case of you: used wiien the noun

Is omitted.— your-selP«n. [your-sklvbs'.

pi.] A reflexive and often emphatic form of

the second'personal pronoun.
youth, yGth, n. [youths, yfidhz, pi.]

1. The state of being young. 2- The

period when one is young. 3. A young

man.— youth^ful, a. Pertaining to youth;

being still young, -ly, adv. -ness* n.
Yule, yQl, n. Christmas time, or the feast t

celebrating it.

Z, z, zt, ». [ZBES, Z's or Zs, ztz, pi.]
The twentysixth letter in the alphabet.

zeal, ztl, n. Ardor for a cause; enthusi-
astic devotion ; fervor.— zeai'ot, zel'Qt, n.
One unduly zealous;
a f anatlc. — zea 1^- ' V
OUH, a. Filled with
or incited by zeal.

ze^bra, zt'bra, n.
An African ass-like
mammal marked
with stripes.

zen-a^na, >Een*a'>

za-na^na, ^na, za-
nd'na, n. In India,
the women's apart-
ments; the East-In-
dian harem.

ze^nltb, zt'nith or
zen'ith, n. 1. The
point in the celestial
sphere that is exact-
ly overhead. 2. The cidminating-point, as
of prosperity, greatness, etc.

zepb^yr, zef'sr, n. 1. The west wind;
poetically, any soft, gentle wind. 2.
Anything very light and airy.

ze^ro, zt'ro, n. 1 . The numeral 0; a cipher.
2. The absence of quantity; nothing. 3.
The lowest point, as on the scale of a

zest, zest, n. Agreeable excitement of mind
or something that imparts it; an agreeable
and piquant flavor.

zlg^zag'^, zig'zag*. [zig'zaqged*; zio'-
ZAO'GiNG.] I. vt. & vi. To form a zig-
zag; move in zigzag. 11. a. Having a
series of zigzags. 111. n. A series of
short, sharp angles from one side to the
other; something, as a path, having such
angles. IV. aaiK In a zigzag manner.

zlne. zi9c, n. A bluish-white metal.

zltbAer, } zith'gr, zith^gm, n. A stringed

zltb'ern, s instrument, having a nat
sounding-board: played with the fingers.

zo'dl-ae, zOMi-ac, n. 1 . Astron. An im-
aginary belt encircling the heavens and
extending about 8° on each side of the eclip-
tic, within which are the larger planets.
It is divided into twelve parts, called flign»
of the zodiac, which formerly corre-
sponded to twelve constellations bearing
tne same names. 2* Figuratively, a com-
plete circuit; round.— zo-dKac-al, a. Per-
taining to- the zodiac.

zone, zOn, n. 1. One of five divisions of
the earth *s surface, bounded by lines paral-
lel to the equator, and taking their name&
from the prevailing climate. 2. A belt,
band, stripe, etc., distinguished by any
characteristic— zoned, a. 1 . Wearing a
girdle. 2. Marked with zones.

zo-oFo-gy, zo-el'o-ji, n. 1.
The science that treats of ani-
mals with reference to their
structure, functions, etc. 2.
The animal kingdom. 3. A >
treatise on animals.— zo"o- *
log'lc-al, a.— zo-oi'o-glst, n.

zo'o-pbyte, zO'o-fait, n. An
invertebrate animal resembling j
a plant, as a coral or sponge. /|

Zou-ave^ zu-fiv', n. 1. A light-
armed French Infantryman, ^
wearing an Oriental uniform.
2. [z-1 [U. S.] A member of
one or certain volunteer regl- _

ments that assume the name Zouave,
and characteristic uniform.

zy-mot^c. zai-met'ic, a Helating to or
produced by fermentation, as a disease.

papfi, gsk; at, air; element, th6y,us§ge; It, j, i (ee); o, oh; orator, or; full, rttle; but,
or; fiatlQre (future): aisle; an (out); oil; c (k); cbat; db (the); go; sing, ii^k; tbin.

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- 479-480


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u.*, pr^x. 1, On, away, out, off, from, to;
also a mere Intensive; bS, adown, athlrst.
2, Not, In-, un-; in words derived from the
Greek; as, achromatic, an-t* [1. < AS.,
Goth., etc. 2. < Gr. a-, an-, privative.]

Bh^tPr^x. Off; from; away; as, absolve.
[< L. oft- (aft).] abs-t.

-aoKe, 8ii0ix. Given to: tending to; like to;
fit to; worthy of; capable of; able to; as,
changea^te, honora6/e, thlnkafrfe. [< F.
-able, < L. -abilis.]

ac-, pr^x. Form of ad- before c and o.

-ac, aiifflx. Having, pertaining to, affected
by, as In demoniac, maniac. [< L. -aciUt
usually < Gr. -akoa.]

ad-f prefix. To; as, adhere. [< L. ad-t to-
ward, upon, for, etc.]

-age. 8vmx. 1. Forming collective nouns:
as, bagga£r«, leaf aflr«. *Z, Forming nouns of
condinon, ofllce, service, or other relation
or connection; as, drayaa«, pllgrlma£r«.
[< ME. -age, < OF. -age, < L. -aUcum.}

-al] sufflx. Of, like, or pertaining to: forming
adjectives from other adjectives and nouns,
and nouns from verbs; as, denial, mmlccU.
r < F. -a/, < L. -cUiSt such as, pertaining to.]

•alogy. «t(^a;. See -logy.

-an, suffix (often with euphonic -<-) . Pertain-
ing to: used in nouns or adjectives denoting
country, origin, race, etc.: as, Italian, amphib-
ian. [ < L. -anuSf an adj. termination.]

ana-, pr^x. Up; back; again; anew; some-
times = re-; as, anabaptism, rebaptlsm. [<
Gr. ana-, < ana (prep.), on.]

-ana* suffix (often with euphonic -<•). Pertain-
ing to: connected with a certain notable sub-
ject, person, place, etc.; as, Johnsoniana,
etc. [L. neut. pi. of suf. -antcs.l

-ance, siifflx. Forming from adjectives in
-ant, and also directly from verbs, nouns de-
noting action, quality or state; as, abunda7tc6,
forbearance. [< F. -ance, < L. -antia.^

-ane. suffix. Same as -an: where, however,
both forms exist, It Is with a difference in
meaning, as in human, humane.

anti prmx. Against, etc. See Aim-.

-ant, suffix. 1. In the act or process of do-
ing; as, militant, litigant, etc. tJ. One who
does; as, servant, one who serves. [< L.
-an{t-)s, ■€n(^)8, ppr. suffix.]

ante-, pr^x. Before, In time, order, or
position; as, antechrlstlan, antenatal. Com-
pare anxi-. [<L.an<6, before.]

anti-, prefix. Against; opposed to; opposite
to; corresponding to; In return for; instead
of; as, anttchrlstlan. [< Gr. anU, against.]

-ar, «i</^a;. Pertaining to; like; as, regular,
singular; also, the person or thing pertain-
ing to; as, scholar. [ME. -«r, < OF. -«r, F.
-aire, -ter, < L. -aris.]

-ard, tiufftx. Used to form from adjectives
personal nouns denoting the possession In a
nigh degree of the quality d!enoted by the
adjective; as, drunkard; sometimes changed
to -art, as In braggor*. [< F. -ard, < G.
-hart, < hart, hard.]

-aii an, si^fflx. Used in forming adjectives
and adjectival nouns denoting occupation,
age. sect, etc.; as, predestlnarian. [< L.
•arius, -AET, 4- -anus, -an.]

-ary, su^x.

Denoting In nouns, persons,
io, or places; as, a notary, library • also
to form adjectives; as, primary. [< L.
•arius: confused often with -aris.] ■
-atlc, si^x. Of; of the kind of: used In adjec-
tives of Latin or Greek origin; as, erratic,
grammaWc. [< F. -atiqite, < L. -aticus.}
-ation, sm^x. A form used In nouns of ac-
tion uf Latin origin and, by analogy, in nouns
of non-Latin origin; as, creation, flirtation.
[< F. -ation, < L. -atio{,n).]

Fress. Co-, col-, and cor-, are variant forms.
< L. com-, < cum, with.]

contra-, pr^x. Against; opposite; contra-
ry; as, contradict, contraindlcate. [< L.
contra, against, < cum, with.]

counter-* prefix. Contrary; opposite; as,
counter&ct, counterpart. [< F. contre-, < L
contra-', see contra-.]

-cule, suffix: A diminutive; as, KoivcidXcule.
[< F. -cule, < L. ■culus.'fi

-cy, stkffUx. Denoting condition, quality, of-
fice, rank, etc.; as, aristocracy, captaincy,
magistracy. [< L. -da, -tto.]

de-, pr^x. From; down; out: used with
privative, intensive, or completive force; as,
deface, degrade, deprave, derail. In some
words It Is equivalent to dis-. [< F. de-, d^-,
< L. de-, de, from (< F. de); and see dis-.]

demi-, prefix. Half (often written with a
hyphen, as If a full word In composition); as,
demigod, demi-circle. [F.. < demi, half.]

dl-», pr^x. Two; twofold; double; twice:
doubly. [< L, di-, < Gr. dt-, < dis, doubly.]

dl-«, prefix. Farm of dis- before b. d, g,J, I,
m, n, r, v: used to indicate separation.


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dl-«, pr^x. Form of dia- before a rowel.

dia-. pr«/fa;. Through; thuroughly. [KL.dia-t
< Gr. dia-, < dia, through, during, etc.]

ec-» prefix. From; out of: used before many
words beginning with a consonant; as, eccen-
tric. [L., < Gr. ek; < ek, form of ex, out.]

•ed) sitMx. Termination (1) of the past tense,
and (2) of the past participle of regular verbs
and of adjectives formed on the model of

such participles; as, hot-headed. [< AS.]

•eel. svffix. Denoting the recipient of some-
tbmg; as, employee, grantee, payee. [ < OF.
-e, fern, -ee, < L. ■atu8.'\

-ee^f suffix. Diminutive; as, bootee.

-eer, stifflx. 1. Denoting agency; as, engineer.
Same as 'Er. *Z, Denoting residence; as,
mountaineer. [< F. -<er, <L. -arius.)

en-i, prefix. In; into; as, enshrine; enthrone.
IF., < L. <n-, < in, in, into.]

en-^t pr^x. In: used cbieflv In scientific
words. [F., < Gr. en-, < en, in.]

•en, suffix, used (1) to form verbs; as, fatten;
(2) to form past participles in strong verbs;
as, fallert; (8) to form plural of verbs; (4) to
form feminine of nouns; (5) to form plural
of nouns; as, oxen; (6) to form adjectives
denoting material; as, woollen ' (7) as a form
of -AN. [< various AS. and ME. forms.]

egni-* A combining form Blgnifving equal;
as, equidistant. [L. xqutts, equal.]

•er* sufflx. Used (1) to form nouns of agencv;
as, maker, knocker, pensioner, etc.; (2) to
form the comparative degree; as, larger,
longer; (3) to form frequentative and dimin-
utive verbs: as, flutter (from float). [< vari-
ous OF. and AS. forms.]

•ery. svffix. Denoting a business, place of
business, etc.; as, conf ectlonert^.

•et. A diminutive suiflx. [< F. -et, -ette.^

ex*» prdlx. Out; out of; off; beyond: used
also with privative and Intensive force.
Preflxed to a word denoting office. It indi-
cates one who formerly occupied the posi-
tion; as, ex-President. [< L. ex-, < ex,
from; or < Gr. ex, from.]

extra-, pr(sflx. Outside; beyond; besides; as,
extraordinary. [L., < extra, without.]

•ferous, suffix. Producing, containing, yield-
ing; as, CMbouXferoua. L< 'L.fero, bear.]

fore*, prefix. Before; as, /orearm. [.< AS.
fore-, for-, <tore'. before.]

•ful, 9\tffix. 1. Full of; abounding in; con-
taining; as, artful; he&ntlful. ti. The quan-
tity or number that will fill; as, a cuq/W; a

spoonful. [<
-fy^stiffix. Ma]

ake; as, beautt/

[< OF.^r,

AS.ful, full.]



.. „^^^. 2pht,

naming a descriptive'science. r< L. •graphia',

< Gr. -graphia, writing, < grapho, write.]
hemi-, P»*$/»f«;.^^Half^a«j hemisphere. [< L.


[ •
hyper-» prefix. Over; above; above measure;

as, /iyjoercritical. [< Gr.^ hyper-, over.]
hypo-, hyp-, jt>r^a;. Under; beneath; less

than: opposed to hyper; as, Ai^podermlc. [L.

< Gr. hypo-, under, less than.]

< L. Jte>, </ac<o^do, make.]
rrapliVf svffix. Description; writing; used
in such words as geography, hiography,
naming a descriptive science, i < L. -graphia,

c Gr. -graphia, writing, < grapho, write.]

mi-, prefix. Half: as. hemisphere. [< L.

iemi; < Gr. hhni-, half,]

ood, suffix. Condition; state; as, childhood.

< AS. had, condition.]

-ian, s^ffix. See -an.

-ibl(e. A suffix of adjectives: the equivalent
of -ABLX: as, edi&/e, from the Latin ede-re, =
eatable. [< L.-ifti/i«, = -bilis (see -blk}.]

•ic, suffix. Used as an adjective termination
with general sense of " of," "pertaining to,"
or "like,*' as in artistic. [< L. -icus, or Gr.
-ikos.^ -icaU.

-ice* suffix. Same as -ise.

-ier, st^x. See -ee**, -er.

in-K pr^x. In; into; on; as, inflame. [1, <
AS. in-, in. 2, < OF. in-, en-, < L. in-, in.]

in-s, prefix. Not; without; un-; as, incomplete:
used as variant of -un. [ < L. in-, not. ]

The n of both ik-i and tn-s changes to m
before b and p, or into any liquid that Imuie-
diately follows it, as il, im, ir, as In iflumine,
imbue, immerse, imperil, irrational.

inter-, pre/Ia;. Between; together; among;
as, interchance. r< L. infer, between.]

intra-, i>r^a;. Within; as, intracerebral. [<
L. intra-, within.]

intro-, wrefix. In; Into; within; as, intro-
duce. J<X. intro-. Inwardly.]

ir-, prefix. Form of iif-» or in-s before r.

-ise, suffix. 1. Used to denote "condition,
quality of being "; as. franchise. [ < OF. -ine,

< L. -hia.'\ -iceti -ize:t. td. Same as -ibr".
3, Used to form verbs: same as -izs, 1.

-islii. s^ffix^ Somewhat; of the nature of:
used also to form adjectives of place or
country; as, childi«A, yellowi«A, Poii«A. [<
AS. -isc, an adj. formative.]

•ish9, si^x. To make; give. [< OF..-i««-,

< L. -esco, -isco, term of Inceptive verbs.]
•ism, stiffix. Used to denote condition, act,

idiom, or doctrine; as, baptism, crltict«7H,
organism. [ < L. 4smu8, < Gr. -ismos, tennl-
natlon of nouns, from v6rbs in -i«d; see -izx.l

•ist, suffix. Used to denote an agent; as,
organist. [< L. 4sta, -istes, < Gr. -istSs.]

•itis, suffix. Used to denote inflammation;
as, tonsllitis. [ < L. -ttis, < Gr. 4tis, -like.]

•ive, suffix. Doing; serving to do; tending to
do or be; as, constructioe, expansive, recept-
ive. [< lu -ivus, -iva, Hvum.]

•ize, -ise, suffix. 1 • Used- to form verbs de-
noting " to make, give, practise "; as, liberal-
ise, tyrannise. [< LL. -izo, < Gr. -ie^.] S*
Used to form nouns: samevts -isx, 1.

•kin, svffix. Diminutive; as, lambitin, manl-
hin. LProb. < D. -ken = G. <hen.^

•less, svffix. A termination expressing de-
privation or destitution, often equivalent to
'•without"; as, harm/ess. [< AS. -leSs, <
leOs, loose.]

•let, suffix. A termination forming diminu-
tives from French and English nouns: v.
gtinlet, tabiet. [< OF. let, -Utte, < dim.-*/
T< L. -eUus) -f -et.]

-lesry, suffix. Used to denote a science; ^
mlneraioflfy- [ < Gr. -/ojTia «iOflros, speecn,

< leg^, say); cp. -oloqy.] ^ ^
m al-, prefix. Bad; ill; evil; wrong: defectlye;

imperfect; as, maltreat: signifying w»
simple negation. [ < F. maH-y < L. maie-, <
mains, baid.] .

-ment, svffix. Used to form from verna
nouns denoting result, condition, action, or
agency; as, achievement. [< L. ■ mentum.]

Digitized byLjOOQlC



) prefix. Used (1) In words of Greek
tfneta-, > origin to mean ""^

met-, , . _

tfneta-, ^ origin to mean ** between, with.
, metli-, ) after, over, reversely"; (2) [Chem.]
to denote resemblance, etc. [< L. meta-. <
•J Gr. meta-^ < meta. between, after, reversely. ]
•metry, avfflx. Denoting the process, sci-
/ ence, or art of measuring; as, geometrp. L<
Gr. -metria, measurement.]
mtcro-* A combining form signifying
"small"; as, fwicroscope, tnicroorganlsm.
[< Gr. nUkros, small.]
■ ini8-^« pr^x. Less: used with negative or de-
". preciatory force; as, misuse, misprize. [<
OF. mes; F. mes-, mi-, < L. minus, less.]
ints*'» prefix, wrong; wrongly: used with
nouns, verbs, and participles; as, miscon-
duct. [< AS. miS; wrong.] .
mono-* A combining form; as, monosyl-
lable. [< Gr. monos, single, one.]
' -mony, 8i(Mx. Used to form nouns from
other nouns or from adjectives or verbs; as,
testimony. L< L. -monia, -monium.l
mnlti"* A combining form signifying

*many"; as, multitorm. [< L. multus,

-ness. A sufSx added to adjectives and par-
ticiples to form nouns expressing quality or
state; as, darkness. [ < AS. • «c«, -nis. -ness.]

ob-« prefix. Toward; to; against; facing; re-
versely; over; near;. before^ up; out; upon;


nouns of agent; as, actor, competitor; (2)
comparatives of Latin origin; as. Junior; (3)
abstract and concrete nouns of Latin origin;
as, honor, terror. I Ult. < L. -or or -ator.]

-orjr, mfflx. A suffix of English nouns and
adjectives, signifying. In nouns, place; as,
dormltor//; In adjectives, relating to or like;
as, amatory. [< L. -orius.}

•ose* Same as -ous; as, verbose.

-osity, «(^a;. A suffix, signifying "fulness,
abundance of"; as, verbosity. [< -ose+'Ty^. j

•ous, suffix. Used: (1) To denote possession
or presence of a quality in any degree; as,
membrano7f«. (2) Chem. To denote a com-
pound In which the element to which It Is
aflSxed has a less valence than In compounds
whose names end In -ic. [< OF. -ous, F.
-ettXy < L. -osua: or directly < L. •us.']

pan-. A combining form signifying all: used
before English proper adjectives; as, Pan*
American. [ < Gr. paa (pant-) , all. ]

par-i,pr</fa5. Per-; as, parboil. [< F. par,
< L.j>0r, through.]

par-3, Ipr^x. Besides; near; by: used in

para-« ) certain words of foreign origin and
In new scientific terms; as, paraphrase. [<
Gr. para-, < para, beside.]

-pathy« st^x. Derived from Greek -patheia
( < pathos, feeling, suffering): a combining
form, often meaning treatment of disease,
as hyiiropathj/'

per-, pr^x. A Romance-Latin prefix mean-
ing (1) through, by, by means of, for; as,
joercelve, perjure, perennial, pertinence; (2)
very; extremely; exceedingly; as, peracute.
K OF. per, per-, par-, < L.per, through.]

perl-, prefix. Near, around; as, perimeter,
f < L. peri- (< Gr. peiH-,< peri, around).]

-pie, siiffix. A suffix of Latin origin used to

Online LibraryJames Champlin FernaldConcise standard dictionary of the English language ...: abridged from the ... → online text (page 83 of 88)