James Cleland.

Statistical tables relative to the city of Glasgow, with other matters therewith connected online

. (page 15 of 23)
Online LibraryJames ClelandStatistical tables relative to the city of Glasgow, with other matters therewith connected → online text (page 15 of 23)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

masters of the parties ; and Jour, in virtue of unconditional liberations
granted by the creditors. In eight instances the debtors, after the
cases had been investigated, were left to themselves on account of bad
character or conduct ; and in a very few of the cases the record is acci-
dentally imperfect. In by far the greater part of these cases, aid was
given to the debtors, and very often to the families also, either in
money, or in provisions purchased with the funds of the Society. The

I i


disbursements inade directly in favour of debtors and their families,
amount to ^ 47 3

But there has been paid to the City, Canongate, and 1

Jail Clerks and officers, for proceedings under the >- 31 9 5

Act of Grace, 3

Together, 78 9 8
The rest of the expenditure for the year, is for print- 1 os in c
ing, advertisements, &c. and amounts to j

Total expenditure for the year, £. 101 1

In one hundred and twenty-two of these cases, the debtors had fa-
milieSj varying in number from three to ten individuals. In one family
there were eight children ; in four instances there were seven children
in each family ; in ten, six children; in twenty-five, five children; in
sixteen, four children; in twenty-two, three children; in thirty-one,
two children ; and in thirteen cases only, one child in each family ; so
that in these families, there were five hundred and seventy individuals,
exclusive of seventeen widows and widowers, and twelve other married
persons. Of the principal debtors, four were 70 years of age and up-
wards ; fifteen, sixty and upwards; twenty-seven, between fifty and
sixty ; forty-one, between forty and fifty ; forty-three, between thirty
and forty ; thirty-three, between twenty and thirty ; and three only,
under twenty. About three- fourths of the whole debtors, were married
persons ; upwards of two-thirds had children in their families.

In tliirty-five instances the debts on which imprisonment followed
were under one pound, in one instance it amounted only to one shilling
and ninepenee ; in another, to on\y four shillings ; and in four instances
the debts were between^ue and six shillings; in another instance, where
the debt was only seven shillings and ninepenee, there were six children
in the family; in another, where the debt amounted to exactly the same
sum, there was a family of five children ; in another case, a widow was
thrown into Jail, for not paying seven shillings ; and in the one shilling
and ninepenny case, there was a family of four children.

Only two or three cases have occurred of re-incarceration ; and upon
investigation it has been found that these have arisen either from pal-
pable oppression on the part of the creditors, or from the debtors having
engaged to pay more than their circumstances could afford. The ex-
penditure for 1822, has been heavy; but that is to be accounted for
in a great measure by the circumstance, that not a few individuals
threw their debtors into Jail, in the belief that his Majesty would lib-
erate all the poor debtors by paying off their debts.

The Society is supported by Members paying One Guinea at en-
trance, and five shillings yearly ; — or Two Guineas at entrance, and re-
lieved from annual payments.


Taken from the Public Records and other authentic sources of Information, arranged
in chronological order, by which a pretty accurate account of the State of Society, and
other matters connected with Glasgow, at different periods of its History, may be
obtained. Although this Collection has been in a state of preparation for several years
past, there is no doubt but that the curious reader may be able to add to it and
other ways improve it. The Ecclesiastical part of the Informaiion has been taken from
the Records of the Kirk Session, tvhichfor a considerable period after the Reformation
had assumed very extensive powers. The Ecclesiastical Excerpts are verbatim.


560 Bishopric of Glasgow Founded by St. Mungo: — St. Mungo died 13th
January, 601, and was burled at the east end of the ground where the.
Cathedral is built, and where his Tomb is still sho\\ai.
1115 "S"^* of Glasgow: — David, Prince of Cumberland, refounded the See of
Glasgow, and having in llS-i succeeded his brother Alexander I., to the
Cro\vn of Scotland, he promoted his Chaplain, John Achius, to the Bishopric
in 1129. Achius commenced rebuilding the present Cathedral, which before
had been a mean building.
1133 The Cathedral Consecrated: — The Cathedral was solemnly consecrated
this year in presence of the king, wlm endowed it ^^•ith the lands of Partick.
1165 Papal Bull: — Pope Alexander 111. issued a Bull, commanding the faithful

to visit the Cathedral of Glasgow.
1176 IFeekh/ Market, and Annual Fairs appointed : — In this year, William the
Lyon, King of Scots, granted a Charter to the Town for holding a Market oa
Thursday ; and in 1190, his Majesty granted another charter, wherein it is
said, that a Fair is to be kept at Glasgow, and to be held every year for ever,
from the 8th of the Apostle Peter, (29th June,) and for the space of eight days
complete. The Fair commences on the second jNIonday of July, and continues
the whole week. A Horse INIarket is still held near the Cathedral, called St.
Mungo's Fair, or the twenty days of Zuill fair, commencing at Christmas
and terminating on the 13th of January, St. Mungo's day.
1176 Cathedral* : — Jocelyn, Bishop of Glasgow, enlarged the Cathedral, and
rebuilt a part of it in a more magnificent form than it had been formerly.
Having finished all that he intended, the Cathedral wtis again consecrated in
1180 Glasgow erected into a Roi/al Burgh: — WiUiam the Lyon, granted a

Charter, erecting the To'n-n into a Royal Burgh.
1210 Grey Friars' Monastery: — This BuUding was at tlie foot of the Deanside
Brae. Little more is known of it, than that the citizens of Glasgow, at this
date, went in a body, on the last day of the Fair, to i);iy their respects to the
Abbot of Melrose, who lived in the Monastery, and had been instrimicntal in
procuring the Fair.
1233 Cathedral : — Bishop Bondington on being appointed to the see, took down
the old part of the Cathedral, which had been left by Jocelyn, and rebuilt it
in the manner in v\hich it now is.
1268 Magistrates : — This is the first year where it is said that the Town was
governed by a Provost, and Baillies, wlio held Courts, and transferred
Property, &c.

» Most of the ancient ecclpsiastiral edifices, when compleie, were 'milt in the form of a cross,
with a tower, lantliorn, or spire, erected at tne intersection. The interior space was usually thus
dividcii : — Tlie space westwar'l ollha cvoss iscjllcd the nave; the division* outward of thepieis
are called aisles ; the space eastward of the cross is generally the choir ; the part running nortlj
and south is called the cross or transept. The choir is generally enclosed by a screen, on the
western part of which is usually placed the organ. The choir in catheels. Chapels are attached to all parts, and are
frequently additions. The of the nave are mostlv open to it ; and in cathedrals both are
generally without pews. In cluirihes not collei;iatc, the eastern sjjacc about the altir is c I'.lcxl
the chancel. To the sides are often attached small buildings over the doors, called porches,
which have sometimes vestries, schools, &c. over them. The font is generally pl.ic d in the
western part of the nave, but in small churches its situation is very various. In large chuiche*
the grcac doors are generally either at the west end, or near the end of the transe;.t, or both.
To most cathedrals are attached a chapter house and cloisters, which are usually on the same
iidc.— CYf/anrf'i liise ami Proi^nss of Hie Fuliltc Institutions qf Glasgow, p. itW.



1270 Convcnl of Black Friars: — This Convent, of whiili there is now no trace,
said to have been near the Church. This religious Fraternity had beeu increas-
ed by Bishop IMalvoisiu, in 1201-2, and patronized by Sir Matthew Stewart
of Castlemilk, who granted them an annuity on his Estate, " on condition of
" their saying Mass forever, for the soul of the said Mathew, and for his
IVIither, and Bairns of our place, progenitors, and successors, and all Chris-
tiaii souls ])erp«'tually." Tliis ancient family has always been respectable.
In 1398, Sir Walter Stewart of Castlemilk, brother to Sir John Stewart of
Derneley, av;is named one of the sureties, on the part of Scotland, in a treaty
of peace, between England and Scotland.

1300 ^^"-' Episcopal Palace taken by the HiiglisJi, and retaken by Sir William
Wallace: — Edward I. of England, took upon him to appoint Anthony Beik
to the See of Glasgow. Earl Percy at the same time usurped the military
government of the western part of Scotland, and took possession of the
EpisL'opal Palace in Glasgow. Sir William Wallsue who was then at Ajt,
determined on ridding his Coiuitry of the English usurpers; awompanied by
Wallace of Richaidtov\ ii, the Laird of Auchinleck liis fri«id, James Cleland,
and others, gave Battle to the usurpers in the High Street, ueai- to wliere the
College now stands, \»'hen Sir William cleft the head of the Earl Pei'cy >vith
one stroke of his sword, on which the route of the English became genend.

1801 See of Glasgoiv: — On 28th August, Edward I. of England offered obla-
tions at the shrine of St. INIiingx*, (Kejitigeru), in the Cathedral Church of
Glasgow, for the good neMs of Sir IMakolm de Druiumoud, Kmght, (a Scot),
being taken prisoner by Sir John Seagrave.
1330 50 Plague: — The Plague r;^'ed in Glasgow this year wltii great severity.

1333 Cathedral : — Bishop LiiKlsay having contributed largely to the revenues of
the church, in returning from Flanders was killed in an action at sea, and
bulled iu the Catliedral, neai' the altar of the Blessed ^'irgm.

1345 Stockivell Street Bridge: — The StociM'ell Street Bridge ■tras built this year
by Bishop Rea. The pious Lady Lochow prevailed on the Bishop to allow
her to pay the expense of one of tli« arches.

1330 St. Kinian's Hospital : — The above Lady Loi-how, Duchess of Robert, Duke
of Albany, and Blother of Colin, fii-st Earl of Argjle, purchased the lands
on both sides of the river Clyde, neai- where the Stockwell Street Bridge is
placed, and appropriated the rejits in support of an Ho8i>ital for Lepers, >\'hich
she founded in St. Ninian's Croft. The Lepers' Hospital fronted the river,
a little east from where the Bridge was afterwards placed ; this ground
was given to the town by charter, Chai-les I.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 15 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

Online LibraryJames ClelandStatistical tables relative to the city of Glasgow, with other matters therewith connected → online text (page 15 of 23)