James Cleland.

Statistical tables relative to the city of Glasgow, with other matters therewith connected online

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Online LibraryJames ClelandStatistical tables relative to the city of Glasgow, with other matters therewith connected → online text (page 3 of 23)
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or Regis-
tered in-
Still born


lilt rials

Number of
Births, in-

to one

Numher of
to onr

Number of
to one


One Birth,
i.'.S« Still-
horn, to

One Mar-
riage, to

One Burial,
to Persons.




«i _8_1_5_
*^ 1 000


26 J-*-'"'


QQ 8 4 9

The ground work from which these results have been
drawn, will be found by reference to the foregoing de-
tailed Bill of Mortality. The difference between some of
the results and those of England, may be accounted for
in this way. The Population, Births, Marriages, and
Burials of Glasgow are all taken into account, whereas
it appears from the Enumeration volume, that the Re-
gistry of Baptisms in England, is deficient. Many Dis-
senters of every denomination, from motives of decency,
bury their dead in the cemetries of the Established
Church, though they baptize after their own manner,
and do not registrate the Baptisms. The Marriages of
Quakers and Jews are not registered. The Register of
Burials is also deficient, on the following considerations;
many congregations of Dissenters have their own particu-
lar burying grounds, as have the Jews and the Roman
Catholics who reside in London. Still-born Children and
those who die before Baptism, are interred without any
religious ceremony, and consequently are not registered.

The Political Inquirer who may wish to draw his re-
sults for Glasgow, without reference to Still-born Children,
will find data in the foregoing tables.

The registration of Children in the legal Register, is of
great importance to society, and the want of it is frequent-


]y felt by individuals of every rank, the very lowest not
excepted; by the neglect of Parents, Children are put to
great inconveniency and frequently to considerable loss.
The successor to property, and the applicant for charity,
are alike interested in a legal Register. The importance
of registering Baptisms has always been acknowledged by
the Established Clergy, and by some of their brethren in
the Dissenting interest, who do not baptize Children till
a certificate of registration is produced. It cannot be con-
cealed, however, that some of the latter, while they in-
variably register the names of their own Children, do
not think it imperative on them to enforce compliance on
the Parents of the Children whom they baptize. To all
such it is respectfully and earnestly recommended, that
although they may w^ish to keep up a private Register in
their own congregation, yet for the sake of the public and
private interests of the community, they will recommend
the legal Register to all those over whom they have in-
fluence. The better to enforce the legal registration of
Baptisms, the General Session have enacted, that Children
above one year old cannot be enrolled in the Parish Re-
gister, until the date of the birth and propinquity of the
Child be proven to the satisfaction of the Session; this is
frequently very difficult to do, and even when done, the
applicant is subjected to pay double fees.

From these and other reasons which might be adduced,
there can be little doubt but that Parents will see the
propriety of registering the names of their Children with-
out compulsion. They should, however, know, that by
the 10th of Queen Anne, Cap. vii. Sec. 6, lyUj com-
monly called the Toleration Act, Parents may be compelled
to " enter the births and christenings of tlieir Cliildren in
the Register books for christenings belonging to the re-
spective Parishes in which they live.'* About the year
1772, the Session-Clerk of the Barony Parish prosecuted
a Dissenter before the Justices, for refusing to enroll the
names of his Children in the Parish Register. The
Justices confirmed the power of the Clerk, on which


the defender carried the cause to the Supreme Court,
where the petition was refused, and the petitioner sub-
jected in expenses. As a remarkable proof of the inatten-
tion of parents residing in the Barony Parish in 1822,
there were 575 proclamations of Marriages in that Parish,
and only 518 registrations of Baptisms, whereas the num-
ber of Children effeiring to these Marriages would amount
to about 2,000.

The fees exigible by the Session-Clerk, are as follows:
For the registration of Baptisms, One Shilling^ of which,
5^d. goes to the Clerk, and 6f d. to the Church Beadles.
For a proclamation of Marriage, when the Banns are pro-
claimed once in three several Sundays, Eight ShilUngs.
Of this sum the Clerk receives 3s. 6d. and the Church
Beadles 4s. 6d. When the Banns are proclaimed three
times in two Sundays, the fee is One Guinea; of this sum
the Clerk receives 6s. the Beadles 4s. 6d. and the General
Session 10s. 6d. When the Banns are proclaimed three
times in one Sunday, the fee is Two Guineas; of this sum
the Clerk receives l6s. 6d. the Beadles 4s. 6d. and the
General Session One Guinea. The fee for giving an
extract of Births or Marriages, if the applicant can
condescend on the year of entry, Sixpence; but as it fre-
quently happens that much time is lost in searching the
Records when the year cannot be given, the fee bears a
proportion to the trouble. The fee for extract goes all to
the Clerk.

The proportion of fees appertaining to the Session-
Clerk, who is burthened with an annuity fully equal to
a third part of his income, would form but a small recom-
pence for his labour and responsibility, were it not that
persons above the labouring classes usually increase the
fee on such joyous occasions.




Modes of Church Government,

The Roman Catholic Religion prevailed in this City
from the formation of the See, which is said to have taken
place in the year 560; till the reformation of Religion
which took place in 1560, the Presbyterian Ministers,
however, did not get complete possession of the Cathedral
Church, till the nomination of Mr. David Wemyss in 1572,
It appears that the Presbyterian form of Religion had not
even then been established on a very firm basis, as from
1572 to 1592, a sort of Episcopacy obtained in the
Church. From 1592 to I6IO, it was strictly Presbyterian.
From 1610 to 1638, it was again Episcopalian. In 1 638,
it resumed the Presbyterian form, immediately after the
famous Assembly then held in the Cathedral of Glasgow,
at which the celebrated Marquis of Hamilton was Lord
High Commissioner. At tliis Assembly, wliich was attend-
ed by all the rank and influence of Scotland, the Court
was outvoted; the Commissioner retired, and the Assembly
during 2() diets after his departure, decreed as follows: —
1st, The abjuration of Episcopacy and the Articles of
Perth. 2d, The abolition of the Service Books and the
High Commission. 3d, The proceedings of the Assem-
blies during Episcopacy, was declared void and null.
4th, The Archbishops of St. Andrews, and Glasgow, and
the Bishops of Galloway, Edinburgh, Aberdeen, Ross,
Argyle and Dumblane, and others, were excommunicated


and deposed. 5th, The Covenant was ordered to be
signed by all ranks, under pain of excommunication. 6th,
Churchmen were incapacitated from holding any place in
Parliament. 7th, A Commission was appointed to pro-
cure the Royal assent to the whole proceedings of this
memorable Assembly. The Presbyterian form of Church
Government was formally and finally fixed for Scotland
at the Revolution in 1688.

Churches and otfier Places of Worshijjf when first opened
in tJie City and Suhirbs, Sfc,




St. Mary's, (Tron)



Outer High,


St. Andrew's,

St. Enoch's,

St. George's,

St. John's,

St. James',


College Chapel,

Canon-Street Chapel,

Ingram-Street, Gaelic Chapel,*
Duke-Street, Gaelic Chapel, ....
St. John's Chapel,

Name of first Incumbent.

Sir Alexander Lauder,

John Bel],

Alexander Rowat,

Robert Wilkie,

Patrick Gillespie,

John Anderson,

William Craig,

William Taylor, Jun

William Porteous,

Thomas Chalmers,

John Muir,

Duty done by Probationers,

James Forlong,

H. M'Dearmit,

J. M'Kenzie,

Not yet appointed,

Date of



* Although there was no particular place of worship ia Glasgow, where Highlanders
could receive religious instruction in their native language, till the year 1778, yet they had
occasional instruction from the celebrated Mr. John M'Laurin, Minister of tlie Ramshorn
Church, between the years 1723 and 1756. At his death, the Magistrates and Council
voted One Hundred Pounds to his Daughter, " in consideration of the eminent services of
her Father, and in particular, that he preached in the Irish language to the poor High-


Not connected ivith the Estahlishnient,


Society of Friends,

Reformed Presbyterians,





Scotch Baptists,




Name of first Incumbent.

Date of


Roman CathoHcs,

Universalists, •

Scotch Independents,
Original Burghers, .....

^— Innes,

James Fisher,

James Reddoch,

John Jamieson,

James Dow and 1
Daniel Malloch, J
Robert Carmichael, ...

Wilham Cruden,

Archibald Paterson,...
John Wesley, 1st )

Itinerant, j

Robert Jamieson,

Alexander M'Donald,

Neil Douglas,

Greville E^ing,

William Watson,

James Yates,






Cliurch Accommodation in the various Places of Worship in
the City and Suburbs, ^-c. in 1823.


Churches. Sittings. Present Incumbents.

Cathedral, 1165 Principal Taylor.

St. Mary's, (Tron)...- 1277 Doctor Dewar.

Barony, 1248 Doctor Burns.

Blackfriars, 1218 Doctor Lockhart.

Outer High, 1362 Mr. Marshall.

Ramshorn, 1183 Doctor Rankin.

St. Andrew's,* 910 Doctor Gibb.

• The Rev. Dr. Ritchie, then Minister of St. Andrew's Church, now Professor of Di-
vinity in the University of Edinburgh, having introduced an organ into his Church, during
Divine service, on Sunday, 25d August, 1 807, several of his Brethren and others took
offence. The matter was ultimately carried before the Reverend Presbyterj-, when tliey
gave it as their opinion, " that organs in Churches arc contrary to law, and to the constitu-
tion of the Cliurch." ! !


Churches. Sittings.

St. Enoch's, 822

St. George's, 1195

St. John's, 1660

St. James', 1400

Gorbals, 1600

Total Sittings in the Estab-\ ^r q±q

lished Churches, j **'

Present Incumljcnts..

Doctor Taylor, Jun.
Mr. Smyth.
Doctor Chalmers.
Mr. Muir.
Doctor M'Lean.


Albion- Street, ,

St. John's Parish Chapel,

Gaelic Chapel, Ingram- Street,...

Do. Duke-Street, ...

Do. Gorbals,

College Chapel,

Shettleston, 1 . ^, „

Calton Pp",*!^^™^

Anderston, )

Parish, ,


Total Sittings in Chapels con-1
nected with the Establish- /- 11,1


Mr. M'Leod & Mr. Bennie.

Not yet appointed.

Mr. M'Laren.

Mr. Clark.

Mr. Mackenzie.

Professor M'Gill and others.

Mr. Mushet.

Mr. Graham,

Doctor Love.


Great Hamilton-Street, 1100 Mr. Armstrong


Places of Worship. Sittings.

Greyfriars Place, 1500

Duke-Street, 1300

Campbell- Street, 1296

Regent Place, 1220

Melville-Street, 1600

Anderston, 1000

Laurieston, 900

Total Sittings in United Seces-1 qq-,p

Bion Church, j ^^^^

Present Incumbents.

Doctor Dick.

Mr. Muter.

Mr. Kidston & Mr. Brash.

Mr. Heugh.

Not yet appointed.

Doctor Mitcliell.

Mr. Campbell.


Campbell- Street, 1500 Mr. Turnbull.

Renfield-Street, 1250 Mr. Willis.

Total Sittings in original Burgh- 1 ^r/rn,
er Churches, / ^^^^



Places of Worship. Sittings. Present Incumbents.

Dovehill, 1250 Mr. Barr.

Campbell-Street, 1250 Mr. Brodie.

John-Street, 1400 Mr. Anderson.

Anderston, 1140 Mr. Struthers.

Hutchesontown 1700 Mr. Thomson.

Calton, 600 Mr. Tm-nbull.

Bridgetown, 1320 Mr. MTarlane.

Tollcross, 1350 Vacant.

Total Sittings in Relief Church, 10,010

Great Hamilton-street, 950 Mr. Stewart.


Nile-Street, 1550 Doctor Ewing.

George- Street, 1570 Doctor Wardlaw.

Total Sittings in Independent! oioa
Church, J


John-Street, 1000 Mr. Edgar.

Clyde-Street, 860 Mr. Jones.

Tradeston, 1200 Mr. Veeners.

Calton, 800 Mr. Ward.

Anderston, 250 No stated Preacher.


Sittings in Methodist ) ^iin
•ch, j


Fronting Green, 641 Mr. Routledge.

George- Street, 80 Mr. Janiieson.

Total Sittings in Episcopalian! „„,

Church, J

Clyde-Street, 2200 Mr. Scott.

Union-Street, 600 Mr. Marden.



Grey Friar's Wynd, 500


George- Street, 400

Albion-Street, 900

Morrison's Court, 350


Society of Friends. ( Quakers.)
Portland- Street, 400

Carried over^ 2550

Relisrious Societies tvho have no Meet-
ing- Houses of their own, but assem-
ble in Halls within the Jioyally.

Brought forward, 2550

Independents,., 200

Glassites, 200

Bereans, 96

Baptists, 65

Universalists, 95

Original Antiburghers, 60

Particular Independents, Uni-l
tarian Baptists, and 3 minor > 86
Sectaries, J




In the Established Churches, 15040

In the Chapels connected with the Establishment, 11110

Total Sittings connected with the Establishment, 26, 1 50

Reformed Presbyterians, 1100

United Secession, 8816

Original Burghers, * 2750

Relief, 10010

Relief Independents, 950

Independents, 3120

Methodists, 4110

Episcopalians, 721

Roman Catholics, 2200

Unitarians, 600

Sectarians whose worship is conducted by Lay-Elders, 3352

Total Sittings unconnested with the Establishment, 37,729

Total Sittings in the City and Suburbs, 63,879

Arrangements are nearly completed for building five additional")
places of worship, viz. a Chapel of Ease for the parishes of |
St. George, St. James and the Barony, and Episcopal and \ 6121
Baptist Chapels. These intended places of worship will at I
least accommodate j

Total Sittings including the intended erections, ... 70,000

• From a remote period, persons applying to become Freemen of Buvylis in Scotland wore
obliged to take wliat was called the Burgess oath. As this oath had become otFensive, and
gave rise to contention among particular Religious Bodies, it was thought proper to have it
abolished. Accordingly, Air. James Ewing, with that public spirit for which he is so cm.inently
distinguibhed, moved the I'own Council to dispense with the obnoxious oath, and to accept
of a civil declaration in lieu thereof. After full consideration of the matter referred to them,
the Magistrates and Council on the SJth of March, 1819, enacted, that in all time coming, the
Burgess oath should be dispensed with in Glasgow. The general Associate Synod having met



The law of Church accommodation was investigated by
the Reverend Presbytery of Glasgow on 2d August, 1809,
when that Reverend Body expressed their adherence to
the decision of the Court of Session, !22d June, 1787»
(Dingwall case) whereby acccommodation was to be found
in the Parish Church for two-thirds of the examinable per-
sons in the Parish, or in other words, two-thirds of that
part of the population above 12 years of age. In this City
and Suburbs there are 45,455 persons at, and under 12
years of age, who, when taken from 147,043, the gross
population, leaves 101,588 examinable persons, two-thirds
of whom amounts to 67,725; so that if the Sittings in the
whole Places of Worship were taken into account, this City
may be said to have 2275 more than required by the fore-
going decision; although strictly speaking, the greater part
of the foresaid accommodation cannot be called legal, as
not belonsiniiT to the Estabhshed Church.


Taken from the Public Records, and compared tuilh the Minutes of the Toivn
Council from the year IG^S, doxunvcards.


1588 2d Charge Cathedral, ^16 15 4

1st Charge 27 15 6f

1638 Stipendin all the Cliurches, 58 16 11^

1642 do do 66 15 4

1645 do do 78 16 8

1674 do. do 90

1723 do. (2000merks)do. cr 111 2 2|

1 762 Stipend (2500 mcrks) or £\o8 17 9?

1788 do do. ... i65

1796 do do. ... 200

1801 do do.... 250

1808 do do. ... 300

1814 (also in 1825) ... do. ... 400

The Stipend of Clergymen in Cliapels and Dissenting Meeting-Houses
vary from i,'200 to I'tOO. As the particular specification might be thought
invidious, it is omitted.

at Edinburgh, on 12th I\Iay, 1819, unanimously voted their thanks to the Lord Provost, Magis-
trates, and Council of Glasgow, fui their conduct in this matter, which they described as a kind,
liberal. and cnliglitencd policy, reflecting the highest honour on the Council. They also
voted their warmest thanks to Mr. Ewing, for his very able and meritorious services in this
matter. It must be gratifying to that Gentleman to know that most of all the oilier Burghs
in Scotland have followed the cxan'ule of Glasffow.


The Ministers* Stipends in the City and Suburbs in
1823, amounts to ^12,480. On the supposition that
every individual in the community were to pay an equal
share of the Stipends, each share would only amount to
One Shilling and Eight Pence, and rather more than one-
third of a Penny, a sum, small indeed, when compared
with the benefits received.

The average rent* of each sitting in the Parish Churches
of Glasgow, necessary to pay the Ministers' Stipends, is
Six Shillings and Seven Pence, and a small fraction. Al-
though the rental of some of the Places of Worship un-
connected with the Establishment has not been ascer-
tained, there is reason to believe, that Five Shillings per
sitting will pay the Ministers' Stipends.

Clergymen of Glasgoiv.

This City has always been conspicuous for the respect-
ability of its Clergymen, and at no period more so than at

From the Reformation in 1560, there have been only
three Clergym.en wlio have served a Cure within the
Royalty of Glasgow, above 43 years, and none above 49,
except Doctor Gillies, who discharged the Ministerial
functions 54 years, a period longer than had fallen to the
lot of any Presbyterian Minister, Protestant, Prelate or
Roman Catholic Bishop, since the renovation of the See
in 1129.

The Barony Church, although placed within the Royalty

* It is worthy of remark, that sixty years ago, (1765) the seat rents of all tlio Churches
in Glasgow amounted only to ^659 ii 18 ii 2, whereas the rent of St. John's Church alone,
has amounted, ever since it was opened, to the yearly sum of ^847 n d.


of Glasgow, is the Church of a hind ward Parish, and con-
sequently does not strictly belong to the Town. The
present venerable and highly respected incumbent, the
Rev. Doctor John Burns, has regularly officiated for more
t\-\3inJifty-tivo years in this Church, namely, four years as
assistant to the Rev. Laurence Hill, and forty-eight years
as tlie Pastor of a Parish with the largest Population in
Scotland. When the Doctor had completed the fiftieth
year of his Ministerial function, his Heritors, as a mark
of the high regard and esteem in which they held him,
celebrated the event by a jubilee festival. During Doctor
Burns* incumbency, the Tron Church has been four times
supplied with Clergymen, and St. Andrew's and the
Outer High Church, three times.

Bishops of Glasgcyw, Sfc. *

The following is a list of the Roman Catholic Bishops
and Archbishops, Protestant Archbishops, and Presby-
terian Clergymen who have officiated in the Cathedral
Church in Glasgow, from its consecration (at the reno-
vation) in the year 1129, to 1823.

Roman Catholic Bishops.

Elected. Died.

1 John Achaius 1129* 1149

2 Herbert , 1147 1164

3 Ingebram Newbigging, ... 11G4 1174

4 loceline , 1174 1199

5 Hugo de Roxburgh, 1199 1199

6 William Malvoison, 1200 translated, 1202

* In describing the See of St. Asaph, in North Wales, Be.ilson in his Political Index
to the History of Great Britain and Ireland, pan;e 9G, states, that " This Dishopric is of
great antiquity, and was founded about the year 560, by St. Kentigern, (St. fllungo) a
Scotchman, Bi^^hop of Glasgow." And in Chalmers* Caledonia, vol. i. page 667, it is
stated, that " Edward I. of England, on 2Jth August, 1501, offered oblations at the
S!irine of St. Kentigern in the Cathedral Church of Glasgow, for the good news of Sir
Malcolm de Drummond, Knight, a Scot, being taken prisoner by Sir John Scgrave."


Elected. Died.

7 Eoreritus , 1202 1207

8 Walter , 1208 1232

9 William cle Bondington, 1232 1238

10 John de Cheyam 1260 1268

11 Nicholas de Moftat, 1268 1270

12 William Wiseheart, 1270 translated, 1272

13 Robert Wiseheart,* 1272 1316

14 Steven de Dundemore, ... 1317 1319
13 John Wiseheart, 1319 1325

16 John Lindsay, 1325 1335

17 William Rae, 1336 1368

18 Walter Wardlaw, 1368 1387

19 Matthew Glendoning, .... 1387 1408

20 William Lauder, 1408 1425

21 John Cameron, 1426 1446

22 James Bruce, 1447 1448

23 William Turnbull, 1448 1454

24 Andrew Muirhead, 1433 1474

23 John Laing, 1474 1483

26 George Carmichael, 1483 1483

27 Robert Blackadder,t 1484 1308

28 James Beaton, 1308 translated, 1322

29 Gavin Dunbar, 1322 1547

30 James Beaton, 1551 retired, 1560

Protestant ArchbisJior)s.


1 James Boyd, :j: 1572 turned out 1581

2 Robert Montgomery, 1581 retired 1585

3 William Erskine, 1583 disqualified 1388

4 James Beaton, restored,... 1588 died 1603

5 John Spotiswood, jj 1603 translated 1615

* The Speech of tin's patriotic Prelate, to Edward the I. of England, regarding the
contest between Bruce and Baliol should be recorded in the breast of every man who loves
his country. " Scotland," said the Bishop, " from the foundation of the State, was a free
and independent Kingdom, and not subject to any other power whatever; that their an-
cestors had valiantly defended themselves against the Romans, Picts, Britons, Saxons and
Danes, and all others who sought to usurp therein. And although," said he, " the present
occasion has bred some distraction in men's minds, all true-hearted Scotsmen will stand for
the liberty of their Country till their deaths : for they esteem their liberty to be more pre-
cious than their lives, and in that quarrel will neither separate nor divide."

f The See was made Archiepiscopal in 148S, during the incumbency of Bishop Black-

\ Although J:imes Boyd was the first regular Protestant Archbishop, John Porterfield
was appointed, j^ro tempore, in 1571, in order that he might convey away the revenues of
the Church with some appearance of law.

§ Archbishop Spotiswood commenced covering the roof of tlie Cathedral with lead, which
was completed by his successor, Archbishop Law.



6 James Law, 1615 died 1632

7 Patrick Lindsay, 1633 died 1661

8 Andrew Fairfoul, 1661 died 1663

9 Alexander Burnet, 1764 turned out 1669

10 Robert Leighton, 1670 resigned 1674

11 Alexander Burnet,restored 1674 translated 1679

12 Arthur Ross, 1679 translated 1684

13 Alexander Cairncross, .... 1684 deprived 1687

14 John Paterson, 1687 retired 1688

Protestant Clergymen,

1 Sir Alexander Lauder,* 1560 10 John Carstairs, 1650

2 Archibald Douglass, 1564 11 James Durham, 1651

3 David VVemyss,t 1572 12 Ralph Rogers, 1658

4 John Cooper 1588 13 Ralph Rogers, 1688

5 Robert Scott, 1604 14 James Brown, 1690

6 William Struthers, 1611 15 John Gray, 1692

7 John Maxwell, 1629,16 George Campbell, 1715

8 Edward Wright, 1641 ' 17 John Hamilton, 1749

9 Robert Ramsay, 1646 1 18 William Taylor, 1780

* Sir Alexander Lauder was the Roman Catholic Parson, prior to the Reformation, and
■was allowed to retain his benefice during life. Mr. Douglass was Dean of Glasgow, so that
I\Ir. Weymss may be said to have been the first Presbyterian Clergyman that was settled in

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Online LibraryJames ClelandStatistical tables relative to the city of Glasgow, with other matters therewith connected → online text (page 3 of 23)