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James Comper Gray.

The Biblical museum : a collection of notes, explanatory, homiletic, and illustrative, on the Holy Scriptures, especially designed for the use of ministers, Bible students, and Sunday school teachers (Volume 8) online

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by deluges of orange-flower water." "The first time," says
Niebuhr. "we were received with all the Ea.stcrn ceremonies (it
was at Rosetta, at a Greek merchant's house), there was one of
our company who was exces.'^ively surprised when a domestic
placetl himself before him, and threw water over him. as well on
his face as over his clothes." It appears from the testimony of
both these authors, that this is the customary mode of showing
respect and kindness to a guest in the East. The Prophet Isaiah
seems to refer lo this custom in a passage where he describes the
character and functions of the Messiah : '• So shall He sprinkle
many nations, the kings shall shut their mouths at Him."*



CHAPTER THE FIFTY-TniRD.

1-8, 1. 7-11;

Jna xu. 38; ivu. ^p^j^^jj^^ ^iewn. arm, ch. Hi. 10. (2) tender plant, suckling.

6 "Here a sucker I ^OOt, for that which springs from the root, dry ground,
or shoot sprout- ' implying a feeble sickly growth,' no form, no striking features



to whom, among the un-



Cap. liil. 3.]



321



to draw men's attention merely to His person. The supposed
likenesses of Christ wh.. have come down to us are all un-
trustworthy.

Ch)'Lit\<i snffering.t and glory (r. 1). — The ancient prophecies
are justly included among the evidences of the Christian religion ;
those which relate to Christ generally refer to His sufferings and
glory. I. The report here spoken of. 1 . Its general contents ;
2. Its great importance. II. How we are required to believe it.
1. Practically, with our hearts unto righteousness : 2. Seasonably,
without delay : 3. Perseveringly, without declension. III. The
effect with which this belief is attended. 1. It delivers from
the burden of guilt ; 2. It blesses ; 3. It keeps ; 4. It rewards.
Apply : — (1) The faith and knowledge of salvation are connected ;
(2) The hope of believers is demanded and encouraged. "*

Kute on v. I. — In these parts of the world, the fashion is in a
Btate of almost daily fluctuation, and different fashions are not
unfrequently seen contending for the superiority ; but in the
East, where the people are by no means given to change, the
form of their garments continues nearly the same from one age
to another. The greater part of their clothes are long and flow-
ing, loosely cast about the body, consisting only of a larrc piece
of cloth, in the cutting and sewing of which vtrj' little art or
industry is employed. They have more dignity and gracefulness
than ours, and are better adapted to the burning climates of Asia.
From the simplicity of their form, and their loose adaptation to
the body, the same clothes might be worn with equal ease and
convenience by many different persons. The clothes of those
Philistines whom Samson slew at Ashkelon required no altering
to fit his companions ; nor the robe of Jonathan to answer his
friend. The arts of weaving and fulling seemed to have been
distinct occupations in Israel, from a very remote period, in con-
sequence of the various and skilful operations which were neces-
sary to bring their stuffs to a suitable degree of perfection : but
when the weaver and the fuller had finished their part, the labour
was nearly at an end ; no distinct artisan was necessary to make
them into clothes ; every family seems to have made their own.
Sometimes, however, this part of the work was performed in the
loom : for they had the art of weaving robes, with sleeves all of
one piece : of this kind was the coat which our Saviour wore
during His abode with men. These loose dresses, when the arm
is lifted up, expose its whole length. To this circumstance the
Prophet Isaiah refers. "To whom is the arm of the Lord
revealed ? " — uncovered — who observes that He is about to exert
the arm of His power 1 «

3. despised, ch. xlix. 7. rejected of men, Heb. prob.
means, ceasing to be of men," forsaken of men.* man of
sorrows, i.e. of manifold and special sorrows.<= grief, or sick-
ness.'' hid . . faces, in contempt and disgust. " As a thing
before which a man covers his face in disgust."'

I'/te Man of sorrotvs (r. 3). — I. His sorrows arose from the felt
relation of a loving being to a ruined race. II. From the crush-
ing pressure of His mediatorial work. III. From His certain i
knowledge that the result of His mission would not be equal to |
the benevolence of His will.-^ — The suffering Saviour. — I. His |
life began with persecution and peril. II. His deep condition of j
earthly abasement. III. The vile suspicions and bitter misrepre- 1

YOL. VIU. O.X. X



tag up from th«
root of a tree that
has been cut
down to the
ground." — Hen-
derson.

" Not a tender
plant, wliich im-
plies beauty, de-
licacj', and foster-
ing care, but a
slrnder plant,
thin and insigni-
ficant." — A/at.
Arnold.

c "In arid lands
nearly all the
plants have
I tuberous roots,
; buried far be-
ncathtlie ground,
ibeyond the
scorching effects
i of the sun, and
1 composed of suc-
[ culent tissue,
; fitted with a
j deliciously cool
j aud refreshing
fluid. It may
! have been one of
j these that sug-
j gested to the Pro-
phet this beauti-
ful and expres-
sive emblem." —
Hugh Macmillan.

d Alpha in 400
Sks.

V. 1. H. King, 1 ;
W. Reading, iii.
27; T. Boston, x.
269 ; E. Cooper,
vii. 68 ; T. Black-
ley, ii. 235 ; Dr. J.
Dunne, i. lUS.

e Paxtoiu



a "Of SO mean

appearance that
lie was 'no longer
reckoned with
men.' " — Aben
Ezra.

b Gesenius.
c " Bodily and
mental, proceed-
ing from a per-
fect sense of the
heinousness of
sin in God's sight,
the depths of
which no miad



822



ISAIAH.



[Oap. mi. 4.



of man has ever
fathomed." —
Wordsicorth.
"'One c n-
tinued chain of
labour, sorrow,
and consuming
pain.' " — Sir H.
Blackmore.
d " So worn and
macerated was
He with con-
tinual grief that
when He was
but a little
above 30 years ox
age, He was
taken to be
nearly 50. Jno.
viii. 57." — Mat.
Henry.

"It is remarkable
Jesus is not men-
tioned as hav-
ing ever suffered
from sickness." —
Fa ussel.
e Ilengstenberg.
f Ei-an Leicis,n.A.
g J. Burns, I) D.
V. 3. Bp. ShcrlDck,
ii. 332; J New-
ton, iv. 198 ; Dr.
A. Rees, iv. Ill ;
/. Hewlett, i. 357 ;
R. Walker, i. 138.

" He who feels
contempt for any
living tliinjj.hath
faculties that he
hath never used,
and thought
with him is in
its infancy."—
Wordsworth.

h Jer. Taylor.



a " The Jews
were taught to
regard disease
(and calamity)
as the temporal
punishment of
^u."- Henderson.

b Spk. Cum.

€ R. V. Price,
l/.A.

r.4. F. D. .Wtiuriee,
2«9 ; J. Puckle, ii.
16 1; Dr. C. P.
Uyard, 37; H.



sentations He had to bear. IV. He was conf=tantlv exposed to
personal violence. V. The fierce temptations of the de\-il. VI.
His sufferings were associated with a perfect pr- science of all the
evils and agonies He had to endure. VII. He saw how they

! were to culminate from evcrj' quarter. 1. Man; 2. Hell; 3.
Heaven. Apply: — fl) Their causae: sin; 2. Their result: re-

I dcmption ; .3. His claims : love, gratitude, services'

Christ a Man of wrron's. — All that Christ came for was, or was
mingled with, sufferings : for all those little joys which God
sent, either to recreate His person, or to illustrate His office, were
abated or attended with afflictions : God being more careful to
establish in Him the covenant of sufferings, than to refresh His
sorrows. Presently after the angels had finished their hallelujahs,
He was forced to fly to save His life, and the air became full of
the .shrieks of the desolate mothers of Bethlehem for their dying
babes. God had no sooner made Him illustrious with a voice

j from heaven, and the descent of the Holy Ghost upon Him in
the waters of baptism, but He was delivered over to be tempted
and assaulted by the devil in the wilderness. His transfiguration
was a bright ray of glory ; but then also He entered into a cloud,

j and was told a sad story, what He was to suffer at Jerusalem.
And upon Palm Sunday, when He rode triumphantly into Jeru-
salem, and wa.s adorned with the acclamations of a King and a
God, He wet the palms with His tears, sweeter tliau the drops of

I manna, or the little pearls of heaven that descended upon Blount
Hermon, weeping, in the midst of this triumph, over obstinate,
peri'^hing, and malicious Jerusalem. For this Jesus was like the
rainbow, which God set in the clouds as a sacrament to confirm
a promise and establish a grace ; He was half made of the glories
of the light, and half of the moisture of a cloud : in His best
days He was but half triumph and half sorrow : He was sent to
tell of His Fathers mercies, and that God intended to spare us ;
but appeared not but in the company or in the retinue of a
shower, and of foul weather. But I need not tell that Jesus,
beloved of God, was a suffering person : that which concerns this
question most is. that He made for us a covenant of suffering :
His doctrines were such as expres.sly and by ccTnsequence enjoin
and suppose sufferings, and a state of affliction : His very promises
were sufferings ; His beatitudes were sufferings : His rewards,
and His arguments to invite men to follo%v Him, were only
taken from sufferiii j in this life, and the reward of sufferings
hereafter.*

4. borne . . sorrows, Mat. viii. 17. The pronoun He ia
emphatic. A strong assertion of the substitutionary character
of His work, prirfo are bodily pains and infirmities : xorroirs are
pains of the mind, stricken, judicially : coming under Divine
judgment on sin." afflicted, "cast into a state of deep and
la.sting humiliation."' '■

Itedt-mption ( r. 4). — I. The need. — sheep, but astray. The way
lost, i.e. he who is on the way is lost. II. ITie means. — the
reality of the redemption seen in the fact that Christ died. III.
The effect, — sin atoned for : iniquity borne away : necessity of a
personal relation to Christ by faith ; depth of His love the
measure of our obligation, and as that cannot be fathome<i, our
obligation can never be fully realised.'

A tiifferlng God tJus preacher"! theme.— The Jews and the



Cap. liii. 5.]



ISAIAH.



323



Greeks \vere botli ready to receive a God that could shape all the | Marriott, i. 332 ;
powers of nature, and that could make an illustrious appearance, i f-^^; ^"'ly'yT/
and addi'ess Himself to all that Mas highest and most admirable 119. ' " ' '
in human nature ; but to hear preached to them a God who could j ^,5^0^™ ^jjg j^.
humble Himself and become a man ; who could be subject to | tuers of the
those infirmities that inhere in the human condition : who could j Church few hold
take death and disgrace upon Him ; who could feel wealcuess, ?■. l^igl^er place
and be w^illing to feel it ; who could feel death, and be willing to 1 Ha'vin g'^^beeii
feel it — that they could not bear. And we can hardly bear it j t h r e a t e n e d,
any better than they could ; for we, who believe that Christ is 1 punished, ban-
God, dodge the declaration that He died, and change it so that \ golfed, 'by suc-
it shall mean something else. We do not like to see it in a ' cessive rulers, he
hymn, or in a sermon, that God died. And so we attempt to say ! "'as at last, in
that it was the human that died in Christ. lu other words, there ' gente^,^ei^^*'t'^'h^
is in us just that same feeling which the ancients had, that there i beheaiied. The
is something which lowers the conception of God to preach that j Emixror Valeri-
Christ was from God ; that His weakness and sufferings and , anusorderedti.at
death were part and parcel of a real Divine experience, and sufficilnt tim'^to
typical of the everlasting experience of God ; that the Lamb was I consider whether
slain from the foundation of the world ; and that, though we saw l>e wouiil not
it clearly set forth, this had been going on before, and was to go sacriflcin<r''to the
on for ever and for ever. The conception that it is the nature
of God not to sit star-crowned, not to sit gazed upon and Gung
to, not to sit UT-'apped in chanting and luxurious praise — the
conception that God is a living power, projecting and supervising
— yea, thinking and loving and sacrificiug as much on the throne
as on the cross, as much in heaven as on earth — the conception
of Divinity as being perfect wisdom, perfect purity, perfect love,
and as addressed to the recuperation of the weak and the wicked,
working and working, suffering and suffering, laboui'ing and
labouring, for ever and for ever, — this conception is yet unwel-
come. Our prejudices do not like it. And as it is now, so it was
in the time of the Apostle. Therefore he declared all the way,
" I preach," not Christ, but '" Christ crucified. I will not preach
Christ in such a way as that the cross shall be left out." It is
this suffering in Cluist that is the secret of the Divine power.''

5. "wounded, marg. tonne nfcd; pierced, with special reference
to the piercing of our Eedeemer's hands, feet, and side, bruised,
crush, break in small pieces." for, because of ; in fulfilment of
His purpose to deliver us from our iniquities, chastisement,
etc., i.e. by which our peace has to be won. stripes,* or bruises,
with reference to His scourgings. as part of His great sacrifice.

Sjjiritval Jicalth (v. 5).— I. A lamentable disease a.ssumed. 1.
The baneful result of transgression ; 2. Universal in its preva-
lence ; 3. Hereditary in its descent ; 4. Incurable by human
energy. II. An infallible physician specified. 1. Infinite in
Wisdom ; 2. Impartial in attendance ; 3. Ever easy of access ;
4. Gratuitous in His practice. III. His mode of operation
described — "His stripes." The Atonement — 1. Divine in its
appointment ; 2. Easy in its application ; 3. Universal in its
adaptation ; 4. Infallible in its efficacy. IV. An extraordinary



gods. He was
told that if he
would only cast
a grain of incense
into the fire, his
lite should be
spared. Tlie
m a r t y r nobly
answered "There
needs no delibe-
ration in the
case."

d H. W. Beecher.



a " Tliere are ne

stronger terms
in the langu.ige
than are here
used to signify
the e.xtremity of
the sufferer's af-
f 1 i c t i o n." —
Dflil<sch.
b P tripe- wounds,
wales.



Mat. xxvii. 26;

1 IV. ii. 21.

c Omicron in 400

Sks.

V. 5. G. Burret,

1. 105; Dr. J.

cure asserted. 1. Radical in its nature : 2. Convincing in if^s j j',Parrar]'Bftmv.
evidence : 3. Happy in its influence. This subject tends — (1) To | i'c 29; Bp. De-
promote humility; (2) To produce self-examination; (3) To i ''f"' *• ^"?',f^.
excite fervent gratitude ; (4) To encourage the desponding ' ^;. w[''Bell i^
penitent." l27<j. ' '

Z 2



324



ISAIAH.



[Cap. liii.6, 7,



a Ze. xiL 10.

6"Tlieantitlipsis
is, in ourselves
we were scat-
tered ; in Cliii^^
wo :iro coUecti'il
togetlier ; by na-
ture we wiinder.
driven lieadlong
to destruction :
in Christ we find
tlie wriy to tlie
pate of life."—
Calcin.

e Louth.

2 Cor. V. 21; Ga.
iii. 13; He. ix..



d Stems
Twigs.



a Jno. i. 29.

" The Vulgate,
wh. throiiRhout
this ch. trans-
lates so as to
heighten the
identification
with Christ, has
here, ' He was of-
fered because He
Himself chose to
t>e."'-Mut.AfituliJ.

" He was oppres-
sed, and lie Him-
self submitted to
affliction."— y. A.
Aleudiider.

hE.l'Uniips,it.A.

T. 7. ./. FlareU i.
35a ; Dr. W. Har-
ris, 385.

" No man can
know or con-
ceive what tlKit
anguish nmst
have been. If
any man began
even to expe-
rience such suf-
fering, he must
die. You know
many do die of
rickiicss of heart,
fur heart anguish
Is indeed death.
If a man could



6. all "we, the Prophet speaks in the name of I>?rael. Peni-
f<'nt confession of believers aud of Israel iu the lust daj'S."
sheep . . astray, P.s. cxix. 176 ; 1 Pe. ii. 25.* laid on him,
made to ligrht on Him."

S/rni/i/if/ (r. C). — We wander — I. Like sheep, without reason —
th'^ pasture was ricli, the shephi.'rd kiud, the fold secure. II,
Like sheep. aimles.sly. The lion prov»-ls for food, the hail in
search of water, the sheep without aim. III. Like sheep, per-
sistently despise the coming shades of evening', the distant
lileatings of the abandoned flock, loss of fleece and smarting
wounds. IV. Like sheep in peril — defenceless, surrounded by
dangers and foes. V. Like sheop — sought ; the Good Shepherd
calls to us, saying, " Return.'' <^

Krai/iple of Chri.it. — When our Saviour was come into the
wretched world, of all the numerous miracles recorded in the
Gospel. He scarce did any for His own private relief. And to
show that as He endured His sorrows for our sak.'.s, that by His
.stripes we might be healed, so were the joys He tasted in relation
to us. we read not (which is highly observable) in the whole
Gospel that ever He rejoiced but once, and that was when His
returned disciples informed Him that they had victoriously
chased devils aud diseases out of oppressed mortals, and that, by
His authority, men had been dispossessed of both the tempter and
punishment of sin.'

7. opened . . mouth, Mat. xxvi. G.'J, xxvii. 12 ; Mk. xiv. 61,
XV. .5. as a lamb," comp. Ac. viii. 32.

Thr .tarnficr of ChrM {v. 7).— I. Behold what manner of love
has God the Father shown towards us as sinners against Him.
II. Behold the interesting view which the text also affords of
Jesus Christ, the beloved Son of such a gracious Father.*"

A Jctv'iah concert. — A recent tourist in Holland, after having
pointed out the fearful desecration of the Sabbath which he
witnessed at Rotterdam, states, that in his journeying up the

Rhine, he became acquainted with a Dr. B , a native of

Holland, and an intelligent and a pious man, who informed him
that a powerful reaction, in favour of evangelical truth, had
taken place in Amsterdam and some other places within these
few years. Tliis, he said, wa.s chiefly, under God. owing to the
exertions of two men, both of them Jews, one in Amsterdam, the
other in the Hague. Both were converts to the faith of the
Gospel, one a clergyman of the Dutch Church, the other a phy-
sician, and both men of vast talents and attainments, and of
untiring zeal. They were intimate friends before their conver-
sion ; and, unknown to each other, were, about the same time,
led to entertain serious doubts regarding their Judaical notions.
The same portion of Scripture had arrested the attention of both.
That portion was the fifty- third chapter of Isaiah. Neither could
satisfy himself with the Jewish interpretations of that prophecy.
They freciuently met when their minds were in this unsettled
state. But each was afraid to reveal his doubts and fears to the
other. Both continued to pursue their inquiries unknown to
each other : and the more closely they studied the subject, their
doubts, their fears, and distress increased. In this state, they
one day met in the house of a mutual friend, and the following
scene took place : — One of them opened a Bible which was l^-ing
on the table ; the place that he read waa the fifty-third chapter



Cap. liii. 8-11.]



ISAIAH.



326



of Isaiah—" He was oppressed, and lie was afflicted," etc. The
reader became greatly agitated, and endeavoured, in vain, to
conceal his emotion. His friend was as much moved as himself ;
a single remark revealed in a moment the state of mind of both :
a full explanation took place. From that moment they pursued
their inquiries together, and the result was. the abandonment,
by both, of Judaism, and their conversion to the faith of the
Gospel. Dr. Acosta is now the most eminent clergpnan in
Holland ; he has a church in Amsterdam, preaches pure evan-
gelical truth, and that with an eloquence and fervour which, by
the blessing of God, has aroused thousands from their lethargy,
and constrained them to cry. What shall we do to be saved ?
The other is a physician at the Hague, and is one of the most
eminent in the land. He, too, labours with indefatigable zeal

in spreading abroad the knowledge of Christ. "Dr. B

assured me," adds the tourist, '• that, of his own knowledge, there
were at least 5,000 true Christians In Amsterdam alone. The
movement had spread to other cities, and similar effects had, in
proportion, been produced." =

8, 9. (8) taken . . judgment, i.e. "taken away from prison
and judgment to a violent death."" "By violence wh. cloaked
itself under the formalities of a legal process." * " By an oppres-
sive judgment He was taken off." ' genex'ation, i.e. who of His
contemporaries recognised the true meaning of His death ? cut
off, by an untimely and violent death, (li) grave . . wicked,
render. ■• one appointed," as indicating the malicious intention
of the Jews/ rich, Mat xxvii. 57. death, word only used in
Eze. xxviii. 10, and there for a violent death.

Me.'isiah xtrichen for mnn'.t trav.^tgir.isioii (r. 8). — I. The text
predicts of Messiah that He should suffer and die for transgression.
II. The affecting descrijation in my text portrays Messiah stricken
for our transgression. III. The voice of God speaking through
His Prophet declares that all these sufferings were endured " for
the transgressions of His people."'

10, 11. (10) pleased the Lord, fitted into the great purpose
of man's redemption. The men who persecuted and slew Him
only carried out a gracious Divine purpose." thou Shalt make,
better. '• when His soul shall make." * offering, Heb. aitham. a
guilt-offeriniT. see . . seed, Ps. xxii. 30. xxiv. 6. xxv. 13. The
long line of His descendants, though He was a childless man, is
the Chuich of the Christian ages, prolong, etc., therefore He
must rise again. (11) travail, fruits of His travail.'' his
knowledge,'' i.e. the knowledge, believing apprehension, of His
propitiation.

The sufferings of CJiri.^t {vi\ 10, 11).— I. His character. 1.
Gods servant ; 2. A righteous servant ; 3. As such, a perfect
example, and an acceptable Mediator. II. His sufferings. 1.
Their extent : 2. Their singularity ; 3. Their general nature.
TIL The hayjpy effects of His sufferings. 1. He shall prolong
His days ; 2. He shall justify many : 3. He shall see His seed : 4.
The pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in His hand ; 5. He shall
see of the travail of His soiil and be satisfied. Apply :— (1) Cul-
tivate a spirit of contrition : (2) If penitent, hope for salvation ;
(3) God's claims on you as the subjects of redeeming grace.'

The humiliation of Christ. — He that came to save men, is sent



feel such anguish
and distress a3
Christ felt, it
would be impos-
sible for him to
endure it, and
for liis soul to
remain in his
body. Soul and
body would part.
To Christ alone
was this agony
possible, and it
wrung from Him
' sweat wh. was
as great drops of
blood.' " — ilarlin
Luthei; 1530.

c M'hileci-oss,



a Mat. Arnold.
b Spk. Com.
c Loiclh.

li " Our Paviour
was destined by
the Jews to have
the ignoble burial
of those who un-
derwent capital
punishment." —
Henderson,
e T. Woodicard.
V. 8. Tip. Nichol-
son, 186; Dr. W.
Ralficfh, 324; Dr.
R. South, iii. 337 ;
Ji. Hall, T. 73.



a Ac. ii. 23, iiL



6 Dditzsch.

c "He shall see
the fruits of His
sufferings in the
many whom His
life and death
have turned to
God and saved."
— Mat. Aniuld.

d Or comp. Is. 1. 4.



r. 10. S. E. Pierce,
2G2; Bp. Viiful,
172; /. A/ur-
lineau, i. 155.
V. 10. W. Bridge,
iii. 199; Dr. E,
Payson, ii. 152;
Bp. D. WUson



[Cap. liv. 1.



" Christ is the
righteou3ne3s of
Binners to God,
and the right-
eousness of Ood
to siunera." —
Venning.

f Hp. Uall.



'I " Metaphors
borrowed from
the ancient mili-
tary life, in wh.
a victorious ge-
neral had con-
ferred on him,
by his monarch,
the spoils whicli
he had won, an'l
again distributed
them among his
soldiers." — Hen-
derson.

" Christ is the
world's Cyrus."
~ Wordsworth.

Ro. Tiii. 34 ; He.
vii. 25, ix. 24; 1
Jno. ii. 1.

b R. Cecil, M.A.

V. 12. J. Flarel, i.
52; 0. Heytcood,
iii. 131 : 5. Ooden,
69; J. Duehe, ii.
307.



eJi,T.&



a Ga. It. 27;
comp. Ge. xi. 30.

" God's people,
thus purged ami
healed, shall be
etcrn-illy e.stab-
lishe<i ; Israel
shall extend his
borders and nuil-
tiply his sons ;
his enemies shall
come over to
him ; this is the
heritage of tlie
servants of the
Lord, and th'ir
promised justifi-
Ofttion through



for His fii-st lodging to the beasts. The stable is become His inn ;
the cratch. Hie bed. O .strange cradle of that great King, which
heaven itself may en'vy. How easy had it been for Thee to have
made place for Thyself in the throngs of the stateliest courts 1



Online LibraryJames Comper GrayThe Biblical museum : a collection of notes, explanatory, homiletic, and illustrative, on the Holy Scriptures, especially designed for the use of ministers, Bible students, and Sunday school teachers (Volume 8) → online text (page 57 of 68)