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James Comper Gray.

The Biblical museum : a collection of notes, explanatory, homiletic, and illustrative, on the Holy Scriptures, especially designed for the use of ministers, Bible students, and Sunday school teachers (Volume 2) online

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that IS, "those wont to be called to the convention. "^

11—17. (11) on. .day, etc.<^ i.e. at end of supplementary ^^^'^^ffl^^^*^
passov. see is. 11. (12) took, .journeys, lit. journeyed aft. ] Judah heads
their journeys : i.r. went fr. stage to stage : first to Taberah, then to '
Kehroth-hatfaavah,^ then to Ilazeroth, then to Paran.'^ Faran''
{cavern oil, <i region), sec below. (T3) first ..journey, or they
journeyed in precedence; i.e. in the order, etc. (1-4 — 16) in . .
place, etc., see Nu. ii. 3 — 9. (17) and . . down, etc., see i. 51 ;
vii. 6—8.

Israel's jrnn'ne]/ throiiqJi the w'dderneas, an emblem of tlie CI\r\s-\
tmn.^ state on edrth. — This world is like a wilderness, as it is —
I, An uncomfortable state. Tlie wilderness was so to Israel, both
on account of the inconveniences they met with in it, and the | ^x. 20, 21.
goodness of the country to which they were going, and where j p^^. ' ^.'^^ ^^
they desired and longed to be. II. A dangerous state, dangerous j Paran, s-e ihwer,
to the Christian's virtue and peace, to the life and health of his j PAb. A. w.B., art!
soul. III. An unsettled state : subject to continual changes and f,^^'-^\^'"'!::f^^
alterations. We are moving from— 1. Ono age to another; 2. '"^° - '5-^: '^'''"^
One place to another ; o. One condition to another. Application
— (1) Let us be thankful that we have so many comforts in the
wilderness ; (2) Let us be patient and contented under the evils
of it ; (8) Let us earnestly seek and hope for the presence of God
with us in this wilderness, and that will be everything to us ;
(4) Let us rejoice in the views of the heavenly Canaan and dili-
gently prepare for it.«

Wihlerness of Paran.— It comprised ab. I of the whole penin. (^ ^ ^^.^^^_

fSpk



the march

a Ex. xl. 36.

b Nu. xi. 3, 34.

c "Here named
by anticipatioa
as fLiC end and
aitti of their jour-
ney." — Keil.



The Aegeb, 124;
S/an7ei/'s Sin. and
Pa/. 41— 43; Hob-
inson's Bib. Hex. i.
1.S6, 5-i2; Kari
fiilters; Com p.
Gfocf. of Pal. i.
CS, 60, 42S, 432:
Bonars Des. of
Sinai, 189, oG9.



of Sinai, being the E. half of the limestone ])lateau constituting
its centre. At the N.E. end was the wild, of Zin (not Sin). The
whole plateau is knovm as ^^7?//— (the wandering). " It must
not be confounded with a distr. which could never have been
included within it. the well-known and beautiful Wad// Feiran,
deriving its name fr. the early Christian city on which, through
some unexplained cause, the name Pharaii was bestowed. . .
Towards this wilder, the Israelites now advanced on their march
fr. Sinai to Canaan, unaware as yet that on its wastes the next
eight-and-thirty yi's. of their existence would be spent."/ Ver. 12
does not imply tiiat Paran was close to Sinai, but that the cloud,
aft. rising fr. the wild, of Sinai, pointed to the wild, of Paran,
and did not rest till it rested there. ?



Comwk,
g Bonar.



Reuben and
Ephraim
i follow



Nu. iv. 5—15,



18-24. (18-20) Reuben .. Simeon .. Gad, see Nu. ii.
10—16. (21) other, see v. 17, did .. came, « that the tab.
might be ready for the reception of the sacred vessels. (22 — 21) j
Ephraim . . Manasseh. . . Benjamin, .<tre Xu. ii. 18 — 24. i

TJie order of Israels mareh.—l. God. a lover of order, plans the| ,^ ^ ^^,^^^j. ^^^^ ^j
march. II. God, the object of worship, jealously guards His Lii^nt is lost to
honour on the march. Ill, God, the author of deliverance, guides! the woria fur the

VOL. II. o. T. K



146



FUilBERS.



[Cap. X. 25— 32,



B.C. 1490.



rV. God, the source of strength, protects the



the march.
~T~ v^i^ 1 march.
]^mrage; - V'i'^J ' ^"^J^i'-itual 7i'nrfare.—ln the road from Bellinzona to Lug-ano,
Suni/C I on the Monte Cenere, we mob with a detachment of carbineers,

coward ^yj^Q j^j^,^ r^ station in the forest upon the mountain ; we learned



'The



r'waTy'mi™"-' that they had been placed there by the Italian government be-
jiaron. \ cause a party of bandits had been impudent enough to rob the

"The servants of mail. We felt' all the safer from knowing that protectors were
the Lord should g^ ^^^^^ r^^ hand. Soldiers are needed where brigands are abroad ;
their ^Master as ' nobody advises the letting of freebooters alone. We are occa-
the devil's ser- sionally asked by lovers of quietude why we draw our swoi-ds so
■sants _ ar-1 for frequently against the Ritualists and other Romanisers : is it not
l/^'ra/vrJcvt"""'*^"]'^ sufficient answer that we are soldiers of the King of kings, and
"We fear' men j that these traitorous thieves not only rob the King's subjects of
BO much, because ; the Grospel, but the King Himself of His glory? Our churches
rn/"— r^"^^ ^" I need just now a strong detachment of bold and qualified cham-
" Things ourofipions to occupy themselves with hunting down the Popish bri-
Jnope are com- 1 gands by faithful preaching, and hanging them up upon the
Sorffi^^*^" ^^^^^' gallows of scorn. Cursed is he that doeth the work of the Lord
deceitfully in this matter at this momentous hour, when men's
souls are destroyed, and Christ's name is dishonoured. Carbineera
of the cross, take sure aim, and give good account of the foe.''



venturing.''
b Spurgeon.



Dan is the
rereward

oNu.ii. 31; Song
vi. 10.

"AU confidence
•which is not ab-
solute and entire
is darjgerous ;
there are few oc-
casions but
•where a man



25—23. (25—27) Dan . . Aslier . . NapTitali, ser. Nu. ii,
25 — 31. (2S) according, ctc.,'^ i.e. ace. to the order of march.

The use of war. — I believe in war. I believe there are times
when it must be taken. I believe in it as a medicine. Medicine
is not good to eat. but when you are sick it is good to take. War
is not a part of the Gospel, but while men and the world are
i travelling on a plain where they are not capable of comprehend-
ought either to' i^^o ^^ Go.=;pel, a rude form of justice is indispensable, though it
Bay all, or conceal i is very low down. If you go to a plain still higher, v.'ar socms to

Boe^er'^^-°^^h"^*'i^" ^ ^®^*-'*^ 1^°°^ ^"^^^*"'^®"^*^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ »^ ^^^^ hi.sfher ani

re?eai"ed^of youri^^^o^^®^' till you reach that sphere where the crowned Sufferer
Be^-ret to a friend, \ stands, how hateful and hideous war seems ! In the earlier period:!
you have a'ready ; of society it is recognised as having a certain value ; but its value
yo'u thilik"r not ' ^^ *^^® ^'^-^7 lowest, and at every step upward, till you come to thia
safe to make him '.central Divine exhibition, it loses in value. Always it is a rude
privy to all par- 1 and Uncertain police of nations. It is never good. It is simply
better than something worse. Physical force is the alternative of
moral influence ; if you have not one you must have the other.^

29—32. (29) Hobab" (helnred) prob. a bro. of Jethro.»
Itag-uel, or Reuel/ father-in-law, prob. ?n'o.-in-lf!7v ;' the
Hob. word == any relation by marrinofo. I . . yovi, the Land of
Promise, we . . g-ood, material, religious good, for, cfr.. God
had promised Israel all good things. "(30) I . . g^O, timid. douTit-
I ful. But he seems to have been persuaded by IMoses.'J (81 ) thou
I . . eyes, the gen. direction, indicated by the pillar, micrht be
I supplemented by human sagacity and experience. It would also
b S!p{: Comm.. wh. cncourage 11. to be told that he would not be a ii.sr/es.s^ member of
Jethro ami^ Ho- i *^^ camp. (32) goodness . . thee, to do good and to communi-
hab w.M-0 the \ catc. forgct not.

Bsimo person,! Joiirnrii'inq homeivard. — The text, viewed in a typical light,
Jethro . excel- j.y^,g.pgt^ ■^]^.j^^4.._j_ ^y^, j^j,g ^Yi travellers. This, s not our home :

lenov) hciu^r Ins , u • • •■< m^ • • n j. • xi £ J^

official t itio; ' ^^'^- ^^^ journeymg. This was evidort m the case ot the
Ikou^k adopted] Israelites. All their circumstances reminded them that the^



t i c u 1 a r s." — /,

Jieaumont.

b ISeechcr.

MOSPS
invites
Hobab
« By Romo —
IVofJxworth, cte
— thought to be
name as Jethro;
bv o'hers — KfiH,
Jin. Patrick -son
■of Jetbro.



Cap. X. 29—32.]



NUMBERS.



147



Br.. 1490.



were travellers. 1. Tlie country was unsuited for living in; 2. i
They had only tents to dwell in ; 8. Everything that befell them i , jaaG~ thorl-
liad reference mainly to their future home. II. The end of the , tiVs, anc and
journey is a '"good" land which the Lord has promised. 1. He' nidd., srems less
has told them of it ; has promised to give it to them ; is taking ; V^^^ ^n"''^ ^^'
tlitm to it : no mere travellers' tales, but true promises ; 2. It is ' ^,^^,„' l-^^^ K^euel^
a good land ; no sorrow, anxiety, or sin. III. Our great object in j Jetbro, and llo-
life should be to get there. 1. To be getting every day nearer ; | ^^^^^ are all three
not njerely with regard to time, but spirit uallij: the Israelites i f.PP'illf/^'"!, "'
had to turn back when they got to the borders of Canaan ; 2.
Kot to think too much of the inconveniences or the pleasures we ,
meet with on our journey. IV. AVe should endeavour to persuade ^"^^
our friends and neighbours to come along v ith us. "VVe lose none
of the blessing by sharing it ; we gain.^ — Youth irclcomed htj the
Church. — Take the words of the text as addressed to the young.
It presents you with — I, A statement of our jresent condition.

1. The country to which we are going ; not to the literal Canaan,
but to a country (1) where God dwells; (2) Free from trouble ;
(.S) Of uninterrupted happiness ; (4) Of celestial mansions ; (5)
AVhich only the best society inherits ; (6) Of eternal duration :

2. The journey we are taking to obtain it ; (1) The first step of
our journey is to Christ ; (2) Owr road lies directly through this
lower world ; (3) Our path is illumined by the Sun of Righteous- ,
ness, but we do not always see His Tjeams ; (4) This is the way | j^l^r '^"eyes'^ Tra
God has marked out for us ; 3. The certainty of our arriving sharp.' it is said
there ; (1) It is a land of promise ; (2) It was purchased by the
blood of the Son of God ; (3) Christ has taken possession of it in
cur name ; (4) Part of the property is now in our very posses-
sion. II. An invitation to accompany us. This invitation is —
1. General; 2. Immediate; 3. Affectionate; 4. Authorised. III.
A promise of personal advantage : " we will do you good." We
promise you— 1. Temporal; 2. Spiritual, advantage. IV. The
security upon which our promise is founded : " the Lord hath
spoken good concerning Israel." Conclusion— (1) This invitation
suggests a caution to parents and friends, that they do not aim
to prevent the union of young persons with the people of God ;
(2) Young persons should yield to the emotions of God's Spirit,
and unite themselves at once with His people ; (3) Let every : rich, or content-
youth seriously consider his lamentable condition if not united jcdly poor; but be
with the people of G^o^.f— Moses and Ilohuh (r. 29). - These words ! ^^H^J^'^^ ^^^^
suggest — I. Settled convictions: "we are journeying," etc. 1- j got, or you spoil
Remember the time when you had not this assurance ; 2. Re- 1 all."
member the way in which you obtained this assurance; 3. The ! J^^r • P^yj^on^w^^^^
great advantages of it. II. Probable inconveniences. Persons! ^^j^^^ ^^^v ^^
on a journey may have — 1. Unpleasant weather ; 2. Unpleasant | death, exclaim-
convej^ance ; 3. Unpleasant companions; 4. Unpleasant accom- i ed. "Oh, what %
modation. III. Constant progress. We cannot settle down in j Jf ^o lose 'oL'*
the joys of — 1. Home and kindred ; 2. Of Christian society; 3. LyiH! since I
Gospel ordinances. This should teach us — (1) To look upon ' have lost my will
everything with the eye of travellers ; (2) To make everything : J^ hajj^^ l^^^^
subservient to our journey ; (3) To rejoice over those who have ; p^n ^be^no such
finished their journey. IV. Pleasant prospects. We have in view i thin^ as disap-
a land of— 1. Freedom ; 2. Friendship : 3. Holiness ; 4. Happiness.* j pointme_nt tome,

Guides in the desert.— A hybeer is a guide, from the Arabic i J ^^^.^^ burthal
"word hubbar, to inform, instruct, or direct, because they are used qq^^ r .^.^^n be ao*
to de this office to the caravans travelling through the desert in ' conipii.hed.*



one individual."
cEx. ii. 18.

ir,,iv./ll;
1 S. XV. G; Ma,
xxi. 28, 29.
e W. Bell. M.A,
fj. Sherman.
(J The Stiidij.
" An agt.d father
says to his son,
who wishes to go
to some other
village, ' My son,
leave me not in
my old age ; you
are now myeyes.'
'You are on the



of a good ser-
vant, ' he is eyea
to his master."*
— Roberts.
" I will tell you,*
says Izaak Wal-
ton "that I have
beard a grave
divine say, that
God has two
dwellings, one in
heaven, and the
oiher in a meek
and thankful
heart. Endeavour
to be honestly



14S



NUMBERS.



[Cap. X. 33-3ak



B.C. 1400.



fill its directions, whether to Eg-ypt aAd back again, the coast of
„Q ^ — ^ jthe Red Sea, or the countries of Sudan, and the western ex-
change a ''pro^ I tremities of Africa. He is a man of great consideration, knowing-
niii^er but not ' perfectly the situation and properties of all kinds of water to be
l.renk a promise: ! j-j-^g^ with on the route ; the distance of wells ; whether occupied
civ'e' thiu which i ^J enemies or not ; and, if so, the way to avoid them with the
is^'ood." He may j least inconvenience. It is also necessary for him to know the
chaiif^c a tempo- ■ places occupied by the simooms, and the seasons of their blowing in
these parts of the desert ; likewise those occupied by moving sands.
He generally belongs to some powerful tribe of Arabs inhabiting
these deserts, whose protection he makes use of to assist his cara-
vans, or protect them in time of danger, and handsome rewards
are always in his power to distribute on such occasions ; but now
that the Arabs in those deserts are everywhere without govern-
ment, the trade between Abyssinia and Cairo given over, and
that between Sudan and the metropolis much diminished, the
importance of the office of hybeer, and its consideration, have
fallen in proportion, and with these the safe conduct.''

33—36. (83) from . . Lord, Sinai, three, .journey, wh.
might be one whole day and parts of two others, ark . . them,*
not in a local sense, but as the source of direction.* search. . .



rai for a spiritual
bles.siiig. lie may
not increase 'ttje
basket and the
store,' but He
may increase the
faith and the pa-
tience; He may
cease to give His
people pieces of
Bilver, but He
may give them
treasures of
gold."
h Bruce.



Moses'

prayer at

the start and

the rest

a De. i. 33; Jos.

jii. 3— fi.

b Yet the ai'k did

precede the

people into the

bed of Jordan

(Jos. iii.). A



them, prob. at Kibroth-hattaavah.'' (34) cloud . . day,** pro-
viding a canopy for those who were no longer sheltered fr. the
sun by their tents, when . . camp, out of the tents of encamp-
ment. (35) when . . forward, etc.,^ the march began with a
prayer. Victory hoped for fr. the presence of God. (36) when . .
said, f?^<7.,/ prayer ended the march-f?

Moses'' ^?/'a//c;/',^. — I. "Rise up. Lord." Rise — 1. To scatter
general who 'Thine enemies; 2. To endue Thy people with strength and
leads \\U troops courage for further journeys ; 3. To provide for them by the
way ; 4. To guide them in the right road. II. " Return, O
Lord." Return — 1, To Thy numerous people ; 2. In mercy and
love : what is sinful, forgive ; 3. As a guardian over them ; that
they may have no cause for fear.''

Importance of ijvayer. — As every sacrifice was to be seasoned
■wdth salt, so every undertaking and every affliction of the crea-
ture must be sanctified with prayer : nay, as it showeth the excel-
lency of gold that it is laid upon silver itself, so it speaketh the
excellency of prayer, that not only natural and civil, but even
religious and spiritual, actions are overlaid with prayer. We
pray not only before we eat or drink our bodily nourishment, but
also before we feed on the bread of the Word and the bread in
going forth of : the sacrament. Prayer is requisite to make every providence and
God against His j every ordinance blessed to us ; prayer is needful to make our
othe^Ilis gather^ il^''^'"*^'^^^^^^* Callings successful. Prayer is the guard to secure the
Ing His own lort-royal of the heart ; prayer is the porter to keep the door of
people to Him- j the lips : prayer is the strong hilt which defcndeth the hands ;
thet)lc^l*^<'e'ofv^^ P^^^^^ perfumes every relation; prayer helps us to profit by
tory, the' oth'er every condition ; prayer is the chemist that turns all into gold ;
the earnest of re- j prayer is the master- workman : if that be out of the way, the
pose." — Spk, -whole trade stand.*^ ((^till. or goeth backward. \Miat the key is to
bTTiradJon. ^^^^ watch, that prajer Ls to religion . it winda it up, and seta it
i Hwimvck. going,*



do^s not neces-
Barily go befwe
them.

e Nu. xi. 24—34,
xxxiii Ifi.
</E.\. xiii. 21; Ne.
ix. 12, ly.
e Ps. Ixviii. 1,
cxxxii. 8, cxiv. 1
— S.

/Ex. xxix. 4.'), 4r>,
xxxiii. 14, 16; Is.
Ixiii. 8, 9; De. L
10.

g "The one be-
tokened the



Cap. xi. 1—9.]



NUMBERS,



149



CHAPTER TEE ELEVENTH.

1 — 3. (1) complained, no specific ground of complaint
named : prob. gen. dissatisfaction, fire . . them, perh. light-
ning- :" or kindled by lightning. (2) quenched,* bef. it
extended over the whole camp. (3) Taberah« (j^lace of h lim-
ing), prob. the name given to part consumed.

Taberah. — Here we have — I. Sin committed : " the people
complained." Murmurings aze heard among God's people, as
well as among others. However greatly some may be blessed,
yet they always find an occasion for eomplaint. II. Sin resented
by God : " it displeased the Lord." III. Sin justly punished :
*' the fire of the Lord," etc. His punishment was no doubt great,
but it was fully merited. IV. The punishment of sin stayed by
a good man's intercession : " Moses prayed," " the fire was
quenched." Learn : — (1) Avoid discontent ; (2) Know that all
sin will be punished. (3) See the power of earnest prayer."^

Mannurlng, a time-destroying sin. — The murmurer spends much
precious time in musing — in musing how to get out of such a
trouble, how to get off such a yoke, how to be rid of such a
burden, how to revenge himself for such a wrong ; how to sup-
plant such a person, how to reproach those that are above him.
and how to affront those that are below him ; and a thousand
other ways murmurers have to expend that precious time that
some would redeem with a world. As Queen Elizabeth on her
death-bed cried out, " Time, time ! a world of wealth for an inch
of time." The murmurer lavishly and prof usely trifles away that
precious time that is his greatest interest in this world to redeem.
Every day, every hour in the day, is a talent of time, and God ex-
pects'^the improvement of it, and will charge the non-improvement
of it upon you at last. Csesar, observmg some ladies at Rome to
spend much of their time in making much of little dogs and
monkeys, asked them whether the women in that country had no
children to make much of. Ah, murmurers. murmurers! you
who by your murmuring trifle away so many golden hours and
seasons of mercy, have you no God to honour / Have you no
Christ to believe in 1 Have you no hearts to change, no sins to
be pardoned, no souls to save, no hell to escape, no heaven to seek
after ? Oh ! if you have, why do you spend so much of your
precious time in murmuring against God, against men, against
this or that thing 1 «

4—9. (4) mixed multitude, see Ex. xii. 38. again, as bef..
gee Ex. xvi. 2,.//". give . . eat, their flock, etc., being required
for sacrifices. (5) remember, their menwry might have been
better employed. fish,« abundant in Egypt, cucumbers, of
soft and sweet flavour, melons, water melons ; still abundant
in E. leeks, Heb. Kdt.iir^ (grass), so called from grasjs-like
appearance : prob. chives, onions, <^ mild, pleasant taste. (<))
soul . . away, they were languid : wanting in vital force, (7)
manna, see Ex. xvi. 14, 31. bdellium, sec Ge. ii. 12. (8)
ground . . baked, '^ hence must have been dif. fr. the tarfa-
manna. (9) dew, see Ex. xvi, 13, 14,

i'artial viemor'ws.—l. Observe what they ought to have re-



B.C. 1490.

Taberah

a Ps. Ixxviii, 21.

b Ps. Ixxix. 5.

c De, ix. 22 ; He.
xii. 29; Is. iv. 4,
XXX. 27, xxxiiL 14.

d n. Middleton.

" The surest way
to prevent se-
ditions, if the
times do bear it,
is to take away
the matter of
them; for, if
there be fuel pre-
pared, it is hard
to tell whence the
spark shall come
that shall set it
on flr
Bacon.



Lor4



"Tarquin the
Proud, being
asked what was
the best mode of
f,'overning a con-
quered city, re-
p ied by beating
down with his
stalTfill the tallest
poppies in his
garden."— Ziry.

e T. Brooks.

V. 3. Mat. riemf^
Works, S39.



sigrhing: for
Egypt

aEx.ynlS-.Diod.
Sic. L 36; IJeiod.
ii. y:3;<S^/a6o,xvii.
■i-2'3.



! b Hengstenberg
\ identifies thl3
I with a kind of

clover stiil eatea
liri K., liut the

LXX. s.ay leeks,

!S>e Pliny, Ntt^

Ilisl. xix. Hi



150



MUMBERS.



[Cap. xi. 10-15.



B.C. 1490. I

e Apc. to Ilerod. \
fi, Vlh, the ordi- ]
nary food of the
■workinea at the
pyramids ; and
Htill nearly the
Bole food of the j
poor. Ilasselquist, \
etc j

d"Tli0 tarfaexu-;
dations are in ■
composition and |
consistency
Bomewhat like {
honey . . Who i
could grind
bonev ?"—Ztonar,
Sinai, 1-18.
See Lane's Mod.
E(jyptians, i. 242, \
on food. I

•' la great hun- \
ger or thirst the ;
people say, ' Our i
Boul IS withered.' j
♦ More than this, I
sir, I cannot do ;
my ppirit is with-
ered within me.'
•What! when a
jnan's soul is'
withered is he not I
to complain?'" —
Roberts.

e Ilasselquist.

displeasTire
of Moses

m Ps. xcv. 8—11.

h Nu. xii. 3.

els.xl. 9, 11.

<f Jobv. 1; 1 K.
six. 4; Jon. iv. 3.

"Thus Moses in
his candour in-
genuously con-
lesrtPS his own
weakness hero as
elsewhere." —
Wordsworth.

tSpurgeon.

"A memory with-
cut blot or cnn-
tamination must
be an exquisite
tronsure.— an in-
exhauntiblo
Kouice of pure re-
freshment." —
VtarlotteBiMitiL



membered. 1 . "Wliat they had suffered ; 2. What God had done for
them ; 8. "Wliat He then was doing ; 4. AVhat He had promised
to do. II. Observe what they chiefly dwelt upon. 1 . Creature
comforts, not spiritual deprivations ; 2. Personal satisfaction, not
national freedom. III. Observe the effects of this partial
memory of the past. 1. It led to discontent ; 2. It resulted in
Divine anger ; 3. It prolonged their stay in the wilderness.

Onions and melons. — "Whoever has tasted onions in Egypt must
allow that none can be had better in any part of the universe.
Here they are sweet, in other countries they are nauseous and
strong ; here they are soft, whereas in the north, and other parts,
they are hard of digestion. Hence they cannot in any place be
eaten with less prejudice and more satisfaction than in Egypt.
They eat them roasted, cut into four pieces, with some bits of
roasted meat, which the Turks in Egypt call Iwhah, and with this
dish they are so delighted, that I have heard them wish they
might enjoy it in paradise. They likewise make soup of them in
Egypt, cutting the onions in small pieces : this I think one of
the best dishes I ever eat. — By melons we are probably to under-
stand the water-melon, which the Arabians call hatech. It ill
cultivated on the banks of the Nile, in the rich clayey earth
which subsides during the inundation. This serves the Egyptians
for meat, drink, and physic. It is eaten ia abundance during the
season, even by the richer sort of people ; but the common people,
on whom Providence has bestowed nothing but poverty and
patience, scarcely eat anything but these, and account this the
best time of the year, as they are obliged to put up with worse
fare at other seasons. This fruit likewise serves them for drink,
the juice refreshing these poor creatures, and they have less occa-
sion for water than if they were to live on more substantial food
in this burning climate.*

10—15. (10) weep," it was general, door, none hid their
grief, displeased,^ it was more than this meek man could
endure. (IJ) hast . . servant? in making him the leader of
such a people. (12) have I, <"f<?,,« scarcely could a parent have
endured so much. (13) whence, etc.,'^ but it did not follow that



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