James Comper Gray.

The Biblical museum : a collection of notes, explanatory, homiletic, and illustrative, on the Holy Scriptures, especially designed for the use of ministers, Bible students, and Sunday school teachers (Volume 6) online

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with the gloomy, scorching heat. But we had the happiness to
pass through it when it rained, so that the fervent heat was
much allayed thereby ; which the hagges looked on as a great
Dlessing, and did not a little praise God for it." This naturally
reminds us of a passage in the CSth Psalm, ver. 9 : " Thou, O
God, didst send a plentiful rain, whereby Thou didst confii'm
Thine inheritance, when it was weary :"' speaking of God's
going before His people when they came out of Eg;viJt, and
entered ujion their sojourning in this wilderness. The Mo-
hammedan pilgrims tliat were with Pitts do not seem to have
wanted water to drink, but the fall of rain, it seems, was highly
acceptable to them on account of cooling the air in a place
where, from its situation, it was frequently wont to be ex-
tremely hot."^

11 — 14. (11) tlie word, for attacking the foes, on taking
possession of Canaan, great, etc.. Heb. '• The women declaring
good tidings were a great company."* (12) flee apace, Heb.
did fee. did flee, tarried . . spoil, even the women sharing
the leavings of the battle-tiekl.* The expression is simply a fig.
for the housewife. (13) though., etc., a very difficult f. It
seems to be the excited ciy of the women aii;er the victorious
soldiers, promising them welcome when they come back to rest.<-'
Others think a taunt is intended, like that of Deborah ( Ju. v. 16).
The dove"s wings are an emblem of peace and prosjierity. (14)
in it, i.e. the land, white . . Salmon, covered with booty as
Salmon'' with snow.

Housetops in Cairo. — " The roofs are usually in a great state of
litter, and were it not that Hasna. the seller of geeleh. gets a
palm-branch, and makes a clearance once in a while, her roof
would assuredly give way under the accumulation of rubbish.
One thing never seemed cleared away, however, and that was
the heaps of old broken pitchers, sherds, and pots, that in these
and similar houses are piled up in some corner ; and there is a
curious observation in connection with this. A little before
sunset, numbers of pigeons suddenly emerge from behind the
pitchers and other rubbish, where they have been sleeping in the
heat of the day, or pecking about to find food. They dart up-
wards, and career through the air in large circles, their outspread
wings catching the bright glow of the sun's slanting rays, so
that they really resemble shining 'yellow gold ;' then, as they
wheel round, and are seen against the light, they appear as if
turned into molten silver, most of them being pure white, or else
very light coloured. This may seem fanciful, but the effect of
light in these regions is difficult to describe to those who have
not seen it, and evening after evening we watched the circling
flight of the doves, and always observed the same appearance.
' Though ye have lien among the pots, yet shall ye be as the
wings of a dove covered with silver, and her feathers with yellow
gold ' (Psa. Ixviii. 13). It was beautiful to see these birds rising
clean and unsoiled, as doves always do. from the dust and dirt in
which they had been hidden, and soaring aloft in the sky till
nearly out of sight among the bright sunset clouds. Thus a
believer, who leaves behind him the corruptions of the world,

V. 10. TT. Enfield^
ii. 307 ; H. Mel-
vill, i. 221; W.
Grcsley, 3G1.
" As a plaster
cannot beal a
wound if there
be any iron
sticking in the
same ; so prayer
will not profit
h i m anything
wlio regards in-
iquity in his
heart." — Caw-

c Harmer.

a '"They who
published ' are in
tlie fern, gender
in the original ;
j they are like
Miriams and De-
boralis, and like
I the women who
clianted David's
vi ct cries." —
E.X.XV.20; JvLT.;
1 Sa. XTiii. 6.
b "Tliere is a
wonderful irony
in this descrip-
tion of the
mighty mon-
arclis fleeing and
leaving the
treasures of the
camp to be
shared among
tlie women ia the
tents." — Jen-
nings mid Loice.
c "When ye re-
turn liome and
lie down among
the folds, ye shall
be very dove's
wings — covered
with silver, and
with glittering
yellow gold."
d A cowhill
near Sichem,
Ju. ix. 48.
r. 11. J. Newton,
iv. 335.

r. 13. A. Baler,
158 ; J. Marriott,
217; F. French,

r. 14. " Perhaps
in allusion to the
bones of the
sin ughtf-red foe,
which were scat-
tered about, and



[Cap, Ixviil. 15-21.

lay bleaching ok
tlio summit of
e mtalely.

a Eph. iv. 18.
t>. 17. Dr.J.Eve-
rard. 367.
rr. 17, 18. W.
DealHij, 354.
I'. 18. /?/). An-
dn-ire.i. iii. 221 ;
V. Xahon. 35l) ;
Bp. Beveridgf, vii.
2t7 ; Dr. R. Fid-
des, 81 ; J. lYew-
ton, iv. 324; A.
Fuller, 698 ; A.
W. Hare, i. 289 ;
C. II. Mmsdl,
344; F. French,
188 ; Dr. II. Dra-
per, ii. 244.
h O. Brooks.
" Montserrat, in
Spain, is an in-
stance of a moun-
tain deriving its
name from its
shape ; as it is
Mons Serratas, or
a moun ta in
whose craggy
cliffs have, at a
distance, the re-
semblance of the
teetli of a saw.
The Sierra Mo-
rena, in Spain, is
named from its
shape and co-
lour." — Bitrder.
c Dr. I>wight.

a As Samson and


e. 20. Dr. J.

Donne, vi. 278 ;

C. Danj, iii. 50.

r.21. Dr.T.Uor-

ton, 122.

6 G. Brooks,
«.21. "This lan-
guage, in tlie
Ea-st, is equiva-
lent to saying, 'I
will kill you.'
'The king will
soon break the
uc/ie (the scalp)
of that fellow.'
broken, he died
last week.'
' Under the scalp
Is the royal wind,
which is the last
to depart after
deatli.' ' With
those who are

and is rendered bright by the Sun of Eio:hteousne.'>s shiuing upon
his soul, rises hig'her and higher, nearer and nearer to the light,
till, lest to the view of those who stay behind, he has passed into
the unknown brightness above 1"'

15—18. (15) high hill, or mountain of peaks. Bashan,
country lying between the brook Jabbok and Mt. Hermou : riniug
to a height of 10,000 feet. (16) leap ye, in your pride, when
Jehovah has chosen the comi)aratively iusignificaut hill of Zion.
(17) thousands of angels, or thousands of repetition, thou-
sands upon thousands, as in Sinai, so now in Zion. (18)
hast ascended," with poss. allusion to the taking of Mount
Zion by David, and fuller reference to the asceusion of Christ.
for men, or of men, \vinniug their allegiance, rebellious,
who long opposed Thy sway.

'f/ie A.'^ernsmi (v. IS). — I. The fact of our Lord's ascension. 1.
The nature in which He ascended ; 2. The place to which He
ascended: 3. The circumstances in which He ascended. II. The
conquests by which our Lords ascension was signalised. 1. His
conflict ; 2. His victory ; 3. His triumph. III. The benefits
which flow from our Lord's ascension. 1. Their nature ; 2. ITieir
object ; 3. Their design.*

(riff.s for the rchrUious (r. IS). — Turn your eyes to the heavenly
world, and you will find millions of just such sinners walking in
the light of eterual day. There you will flud David, once an
adulterer and a murderer : there you will find Paul, once a
blasphemer and a persecutor : there you will find Peter, who
denied his blaster, and perjured himself ; there you will find an
endless multitude more, whose sius. drawn out in onler and dis-
played in their proper colours, would overwhelm you as well as
them with amazi-ment and horror. '• Biit they are washed, they
are sanctified, they are justified in the blood of the Lord Jesits
and by the Spirit of our God."«

19 — 21. (19) daily, cfr., better, "day by day beareth our
burdens." (20) issues, or moans of escape. (21) but, surely.
head, hairy scalp, sign of youth and streuglh. "

The God of .la/va/iim (r. 19). — I. The relation which God
sustains. God — 1. Devised the plan of salvation : 2. Accom-
plished the work : 3. Applied the blessings ; 4. And superintends
the progress and final results. II. The benefits which God
confers. 1. Their nature: 2. Their number : 3. Their frequency.
III. The return which God deserves. 1. We should bless Hinj
sincerely ; 2. Affectionately : 3. Constantly : 4. Practically.*

#>«//■.? o/ war (r. 20).— At Durham. 131(1, there fell 1.5,000;
at Halidon-hiU and Agincourt, 20,(KK) each ; at Bautzen and
Lepanto, 2.").(X)0 each ; at Austerlitz, Jena, and Lutzen, 30,000
each; at Ej'lau, 00,000 : at WaUrloo and Quatre Bras (one en-
gagement), 70.000: at Borodino, SO.OOO : at Foutcnoy, UKi.O;HJ ;
at Yarmouth, 150.000 ; at Chalons, no less than 300.000 of Attila's
army alone ! The Moors in Si)aiu, about the year H)0. lost in ono
battle 70.000 : in another, four centuries later, ISO.OdO. besides
50,000 prisoners ; and in a third, even 2(K).OCiO. Still greater was
the carnage in ancient times. At Caun.-c. 70.1H)0 fell. The
Romans alone, in an engagement with the Cimbri and Teutoaes,
lost 8().0t)0. The Carthaginians attacked Ilymera. in Sicily, with
an army of 300,000 men, and a fleot of 2,000 ships and 3,000

Cap. Ixvlii. 22-31.]



transports : but not a ship nor a transport escaped destruction ;
and of the troops, only a few in a small boat reached Carthage
■with the melancholy tidings. Marius slew, in one battle. 140.000
Gauls, and in another. 290.000. In the battle of Issus, between
Alexander and Darius, 110,000 were slain; in that of Arbela.
300,000. Julius Ca3sar once annihilated an army of 363,000
Helvetians ; in a battle with the Usipetes. he slew 400,000 ; and
on another occasion, he massacred more than 430,000 Germans,
who " had crossed the Ehine. with their herds, and flocks, and
little ones, in quest of new settlements.""

22, 23. (22) bring . . Bashan, not God's people, but their

enemies ; even though fleeing fr. God they hide in inaccessible
Bashan, or in the depths of the sea. (23; may be dipped, or

Salvation u of God. — Observe what happens when the cry rises
at sea, "A man overboard !" AVith others on deck, you rush to
the side : and, leaning over the bulwarks, with beating heart
you watch the place where the ri.-ing air-bells and boiling deep
tell that he has gone down. After some moments of breathless
anxiety, you see his head emerge from the wave. Now that man,
I shall suppose, is no swimmer : he has never learned to breast
the billows : yet, with the first breath he draws, he begins to
beat the water ; with violent efforts he attempts to shake ofE the
grasp of death, and by the play of limbs and arms, to keep his
head from sinking. It may be that these struggles but exhaust
his strength, and sink him all the sooner ; nevertheless, that
drowning one makes instinctive and convulsive effoii:s to save
himself. So, when first brought to feel and cry, " I perish !""
when the horiilsle conviction rushes into the soul that we are
lost, — Tvhen we feci ourselves going down beneath a load of guilt
into the depth of the wi-ath of God. — our fii-st effort is to save
ourselves. Like a drowning man, who will clutch at straws and
twigs, we seize on anj'thing. however worthless, that promises
salvation. Thus, alas ! many poor souls toil, and spend weary,
unprofitable years in the attempt to establish a righteousness of
their own, and find in the deeds of the law protection from its

24 — 27. (24) thy goings, or the solemn procession to Mount
Zion, wh. God, represented by the ark, is supposed to lead. (25) I
playing, etc.. or beating the tambourine. Ex. xv. 20 : Lu. xi. '
34. (2(i ) fountain of Israel, lineal descendants of Jacob." I
(27) there, etc., four tribes are mentioned as representative of
the rest. |

JVote on V. 2.5. — This, no doubt, is a description of a religious \
procession in the time of David. In the sacred and domestic j
processions of the Hindoos they observe the same order, and have j
the same class of people in attendance. See them taking their
god to exhibit to the people, or to remove some calamity ; he is
put into his car or tabernacle, and the whole is placed on men's
shoulders. As they move along, the men and women precede,
and sing his praises : then follow the musicians, who play with
with all their might in honour of the god, and for the enjoyment
of the people.*

28—31. (28) thy strength, i.e. thy dominion, or power,
strengthen, i.e. perfect, and establish. (29) because of thy

VOL. VI. O.T. h

buried, it remains
three (lays in its
place ; but when
the body is
burned, it imme-
diately takes its
departure, which
is a great advan-
tage.' " — Roberts.

" As robbers, see*
ing a man flou-
rishing his sword,
will not then set
upon him, even
so the wicked
spirits, seeing us
fenced about by
prayer, leave U3
unassaulted. " —

Do not measure
the efficacy of
prayer by its
length, but by-
its sph-it and
fervour ; the
l)roud Pharisee
made a long
prayer, the peni-
tent publican a
short one.
a Dr. Gutlu-ie.
" Heaven is never
di-af but whea
man's heait is

a " The patriarch
Israel is the
fountain fr. wh,
the whole nation
has issued as a
stream. "—Pe-

vv. 2(5-^28. A.
Fuller, 665.
Prayer is the key
of the day, and
the lock of the
night. And we
slumlil every day
begin and end,
b i d ourselves
and good-night,
with prayer. This
will make our la-
bour prosperous,
and our rest
6 Roberts,
a " The strongest
nations axe re-



Cap. IxvlH. 32-35.

prpsented by the
beasts." — Fans-

v. 28. Dr. W.
Oulram, 33.
V. 30. Bp. Hall,
V. 225 ; /. C. Die-
terk, Anliq. 5u7 ;
Bp. Fleetwood,

t>. 31. E. Erskine,
iii. 473.

b W. R. Williams.
" 'We must ask for
the spirit to pray
vpith, and that
not once or twice,
but constantly,
regularly, as for
our daily bread ;
unceasingly, so as
to take no denial.
If we do this, God
will from time to
time pour down a
fresh supply of
that best gift of
His, the spirit of
grace and suppli-
cation. " — A. W.


a T>e. X. 11 ; 1 Ki.
viii. 27.

loue, ii. 356.
e C. Simeon, M.A.
If you do not get
all you ask, it is
because the Sa-
viour intends to
give you some-
thing better.
The Christians
motto is, '• Up-
ward,' onward,
heavenward 1 "
" In securing
answers to our
own requests we
must co-operate
with the Lord.
Home people ask
him to do tlu'ir
work. ' FatluT,'
liaid a little boy,
after lie )iad
heard him pray
fervently for the
pour at family
worship -'father,
1 wish I had your
• oru-oriU'

temple, out of respect for. (30) company of spearmen,
lit. leasts of the recd.'^ : poss. the hippopotamus, as representing'
Egypt : or may be the crocodile." bulls . . calves, fig. for
rulers and people. submit, by rendering tribute. (31)
stretch . . hands, with the offerings of submission.

Till' pratji'T of the Clnirch arjahi^t those deli<ihting in ivar
(r. 30). — I. We would first examine the question. — Is all war
sinful .' II. Next we would consider the class undoubtedly
sinful, and here denounced. " who delight in war." III. And,
in the last place, we would return to the punishment here in-
voked upon such from God — that they should be dispersed and
reduced. — " scattered " by the whirlwind they have loved to
raise and to ride.*

Anthony Bcnezet (r. 31). — On one occa.sion, during the annual
convention of the Society of Friends, at Philadelphia, when that
body was engaged on the subject of slavery, as it relate<l to its
own members, some of whom had not wholly relinquished the
practice of keeping negroes in bondage, a difference of sentiment
was manifested as to the course which ought to be pursued. For
a moment it appeared doubtful which opinion would prepon-
derate. At this critical juncture. Benezet. who was a leading
member of the society, and felt a deep interest in the subject of
emancipation, left his seat, which was in an obscure part of the
house, and presented himself, weejiing. at an elevated door in
the presence of the whole congregation, whom he thus addressed :
" Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands unto God." He said
no more. Under the solemn impression which succeeded this
emphatic sentence the proposed measure received the united
sanction of the assembly.*^

32 — 35. (32) sing, on account of God's marvellous doings.
(33) heavens of heavens," or the highest heavens, of old,
before the creation of our present order of heavens and earth,
voice, often used of God's thunder. (31) ascribe, make
hearty acknowledgment. (35) out of, etr.. -'the awful power
of God being regarded as emanating from the sanctuary."*

The cluivnctcf of (rod (r. Hit). — I. The descri})tion here given
us of God — 1. Most glorious : 2. Most endearing. II. The
sentiments it should excite within us. 1. Gratitude: 2. Affiance.
Apply: — (1) How little ground there is for the excuses of tha
presumi>tuous ; (2) How little ground there is for the fears of
the desjwnding.''

God to he wholhi worKhipped. —

Yea. even here as everywhere, let man

Worship his Recreator. and the world's,

Made perfect by ]>reliminary fire.

O Thou who in th<> inaccessible depths

Dwellest of all-central lieing, and of whom

We can but see the star-dust of Thy feet

Left on heaven's roads ; from world nathless to world.

From firmament to finnameut, can we trace

Each soul his individual link with Thee ;

The pure invisible touch whicli makes us Thine ;

The something more substantial than the sun,

Jlore general than the void, yrt ut'sied here ;

As through the ai'rj' silence of the i<ouI,

Swifter than eagle rushing on the wind.

cap. Ixix. 1—7.]


Thou sweep'st into possession when Thou wilt.
So many are Thy mercies there is nought
But this to pray for left ; continue that
Thou givest. To cease pertaineth not to Thee.
The elements may all confusedly fail,
And burning systems stiffen or depart
Into their graves of darkness and decay ;
The sun at length exhausted in the strife
With his ethereal victor sleep and die ;
And firmaments conglobe them, till at last
The universe concentrate in one orb,
Fit for Thy footstool only."


1 — 3. (1) waters, a familiar Heb. fig. for calamities." unto
my soul, as if endangering his life by drowning. Jno. ii. .5.*
(2) deep mire,'' lit. mud of the nhtjsft ; soft yielding morass.
floods, Heb. shihhaletli. the password given to test the Ephraim-
ites.'' (3 J crying, with the cry of one in distress, dried,
■with constant calling, eyes fail, De. xsviii. 32. while I
wait, better, waiting as I do.

Sorrows and siiffcringa of Christ (vv. 1 — 4). — I. Their overwhelm-
ing nature. 1. Those which were previous to His apprehension ;
2. Those which He sustained during His trial ; 3. Those which
were consummated in His death. II. Their vicarious use. 1. It
■was not for His owti sins ; 2. It was for the sins of others. We
Bee in this mystery — (1) The proper ground for faith ; 2. The
strongest motive for love ; 3. The safest rule for obedience.'

Sacredncss of the Bible. — Voltaire was once daring enough to
Tersify that affecting penitential Psalm, the Fifty-first. Every-
thing went well until he came to the tenth verse, where it is
said, " Create in me a clean heart. God !" But his pride, and
infernal hatred against God and His worshippers, did not permit
him, with the royal penitent, to entreat of God a pure and sincere
heart : however, he strove to translate the verse poetically. But
suddenly the terror of hell seized him : the pen refused to move
beneath the hand of the reprobate who had indited so many
blasphemies and obscenities for the destruction of innocence and
the fear of God. He sought to flee, but could not. He fell half
senseless on his couch, and afterwards confessed several times to
his friends that he could never think of this appalling occurrence
■without inward tremor and uneasiness.-''

4 — 7. (4) hated . . cause, quoted by our Lord, Jno. xv, 25.«
hairs, etc., comp. Ps. xl. 12. are mighty, or are in great force.
The suggested corrections, more than my hones, or viore than viij
loclii, are unnecessary, then . . away, a proverbial expression,
"Wrong that I have not done I must even suffer for."* (5)
foolishness, such confession is suitable to the Psalmist, though
some think he speaks here ironically,'^ or hj^^othetically,'' or
inerely of the consequences and punishments of sin.' (6)
ashamed for my sake, or on account of my sufferings : lit.
in me. (7) thy sake, comp. Je. xv. 15.

Christ the Restorer (r. 4). — Assert and prove that this was
Christ. I. What did Christ restore to God and to man ? I. To
L 2

' Why, my son ?*
' Because then
I wonlil answer
vour prayers.' "-
T. L. Cuyler,D.D.
d Bailey.
" I desire no
other evidence of
the truth of
than the Lord's
Prayer." — Mad.

poss. David,
prob. Jere-

Ps. xlv.

a Ps. xviii. 16.

x-x-xii. 6, Ixvi. 12,

1 X X X V i i i . 17,

cxxiv. 5; Is.

xhii. 2 ; La. iji,


b "The waters
are said to rush
in unto the soul
when they so
press upon the
imperilled ona
that the soul, i.e.
the life of the
body, more espe-
cially the breath,
is threatened." —
c Ps. xl, 2.
d Ju. xii. 6 ; see
Is. xxvii. 12,
trans . "a
See J. Ailing, Op.
ii. pars, 3, 125,
e C. aimeon, M.A,
f Dr. Van Esse,

a"What was
true, in some
sense, of the suf-
fering IsraeUte
under the law,
was still more
true of Him in
whom was no
sin, and whom
therefore His
enenues did in-
deed hate with-
out cause." — Pe-

b Je. XV. 10.


[Cap. Ixix. 8-12.

"That which I
stole not I mast
thon restore."—



/en III
c Calvin.
d Dnihe.
e Ewild.

"In the unde-
served persecu-
tion which he en-
diu-es at the
hand of man, he
is obliged never-
theless to recog-
nise well-merited
chastisement fr.
the side of God."
c. 4. T. Cruso,
217 ; E. Erskine,
111. 133.
/ J. Ryland.
" There are many
locks in my house,
and aU with dif-
ferent keys, but
I have one mas-
ter-key which
opens all. So the
Lord has many
treasuries and
secrets all shut
up from carnal
minds with locks
which they can-
not open ; but ho
■who walks in fel-
lowship with
Jesus possesses
the master-key
■which will admit
him to all the
blessings of the
covenant ; yea, to
the very heart of
God. Through
the Well-belovod
■we have access to
God, to heaven,
to every secret of
the Lord."—

a Job xix. 13;
Ps. .x.\xi. 11 ; Is.
liii. 3; Jno.i. 11;
\u. 5.

6 Mat. X. 35, 36.
e Je. XX. 8, 9 ;
Jno. ii. 17.
d " This portion
of the Ps. has no
direct be.iring
npon our Lord's
life. No such ex-
ternal demon-
strations of sor-
row, no fasting,
n o sackcloth,
gave occasion to
reviliugs in His
case: on the con-

God, — The obedience and honour of the broken latv ; patisfaciion
to truth, purity, and justice : harmony, order, and beauty to all
His injured perfections ; 2. To man, — True knowledge of CJod,
lost image of God. peace, right to all temporal cnjojineut, victory
over enemies, strength for moral acts, heaven. II. The manner
in which He proceetled : by covenant engagement ; by His
incarnation: by His Gospel. III. Reflections. 1. How great
a Saviour is Christ ; 2. How miserable Ghristless souls ; 3. AVhat
comfort to a weak believer ; 4. Salvation ia none but Him ; 5.
Trust and rejoice in Christ/

Answers to j^raijcr. — A little girl, about four years of age
being asked, " Why do you pray to God .'"' replied, '' Because
know He hears me, and I love to pray to Him.' " But how d
j'ou know He hears you .'" Putting her little hand to her heart
she said, " I know He does, because there is something here that
tells me so.'" — Bishop Atti'vhunj. — Dr. William King, in the
Anecdotes of His Own Times, writes : '• In 1715, I dined with the
Duke of Ormonde, at Richmond. We were fourteen at table.
There was my Lord Marr, my Lord Jersey, my Lord Arran. my
Lord Lansdown, Sir AVilliam Wyndham, Sir Redmond Everard,
and Atterbury, Bishop of Rochester. The rest of the company I
do not exactly remember. During the dinner there was a jocular
dispute — I forget how it was iuti'oducud — concerning short
prayers. Sir WiUiam Wyndham told us that the shortest prayer
he had ever heard was the jDrayer of a common soldier, just
before the battle of Blenheim : ' God, if there be a God, save
my soul, if I have a soul ! ' This was followed by a general
laugh. I immediately reflected that such a treatment of the
subject was too ludicrous, at least very improper, where a learned
and religious prelate wjis one of the company. But I had soon
an opportunity of making a different reflection. Atterbury

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