James Comper Gray.

The Biblical museum : a collection of notes, explanatory, homiletic, and illustrative, on the Holy Scriptures, especially designed for the use of ministers, Bible students, and Sunday school teachers (Volume 4) online

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that he remembered disturbing in his extremity a cow on the
identical spot where he had just prayed, that he might obtain a
little warmth from the place where the animal had lain. His
feelings of gratitude to God for all that He had done for him
would not allow him to pass the spot without presenting his
thanksgivings for all His mercies. — Be ye merciful. — 'When
Edward the Confessor had landed in England from Normandy to
recover the kingdom, and was ready to give the Danes battle, cue
of his captains assured him of victory, adding, '■ We will not
leave one Dane alive." To which Edward replied, '• God forbid
that the kingdom should be recovered for me. who am but one
man, by the death of thousands. No. I will rather live a jirivate
life, unstained by the blood of my fellow-men. than be a king by
such a sacrifice." Upon which he broke up his camp, and ajrain
retired to Normandy, until he was restored to his throne witiiout
I blood.



See general intro. at begin, of 1st bk. " The most remarkable feature in the
historical books of Scripture, and especially of Kings and Chrons., is their
religious, theocratic character. Secular hist, gives the public changes which
nations have undergone, with their causes and results. Church hist, traces the
progress of sentiment, and of various influences in relation to the Church. But
here, King, Church, State, are all represented as under God. The character of ench
king is decided by his fidelity to the religious obligations of his office. Of each it
is said, He walked in the ways of David his father and so prospered ; or of
Jeroboam, who made Israel to sin, and so failed. These books are valuable as
the history of God, and His law in the nation, and that nation a monarchy ; as
the books of Joshua and Judges are the history of God and His law in an
aristocracy or democracy ; or as the earlier books are the history of God and
His law in the family. In the Prophets, and in the Acts of the Apostles, we
have glimpses of what is to be the history of God and His law in the world.
Mark, therefore, the prominence given to the erection of the temple ; the
numerous references to the ancient law, especially when the two kingdoms
were drawing near to their end, as if to account for their decay and approaching
fall ; the frequent interposition of prophets, now rebuking the people, and now
braving the sovereign ; the deposition and succession of kings ; and the con-
nection everywhere traced between what seem to be mere political incidents
and the fidelity or idolatry of the age. Were nations -wise, these records would
prove their best instructors ; they are adapted to teach alike the world and the
Church. The genealogical tables, those to us comparatively uninteresting,
were highly important among the Jews, who were made by prophetic promises
extremely observant in these particulars. These tables give the sacred line
through which the promise was transmitted for nearly 3,500 years ; a fact
itself unexampled in the history of the human race " CAnaus).


For Synopsis to Second Book see General Synopsis at beginning of First Book,


{Aeeordintf to Borne.)
Seei. 1. The patriarchs fr. Adam to Jacob —
of posterity of Judah to David — and

of his to Zerubbabel I. i. — iii.

Sect. 2. Of posterity of Judah by Pharez— and

of other sons of Jacob...iv. — viii., ix. 1

Sect. 3. Of first inhabs. of Jerusalem after

captiv ix. 2—34


Sect. 1. Pedigree of Saul I. ix. 35—44, x.

Sect. 2. Hist, of reign of David. ..xi. — xxix. 22

Sect. 1. Death of David. Wisdom, etc., of
Solomon I. xxix. 23—30, XL i.

Sect. 2. Solomon's temple,—Tiii, 14
Sect. 3. End of Solomon's reign.. .viii. 17^ix,


Sect. 1. Rehoboam II. x. — xii.

Sect. 2. Abijah and Asa xiii. — xvi.

Seel. 3. Jehoshaphat xvii. — xx.

Sect. 4. Jeboram, Ahaziah, and Atbaliah xxi.,


Sect. 5. Joash xxiii., xxiv.

Sect. 6. Amaziab, Uzziah, and Jotham xxv.—


Sect. 7. Ahaz xxviiL

Sect. 8. Hezekiah xxix. — xxxii.

Sect. 9. Manasseh, Amon xxxiiL

Sect. 10. Josiah xxxiv., xxxv.

Sect. 11. Jehoahaz, Jehoiakinr, Jehoiachin,
Zedekiah; destr. of Jerusalem and
temple xxxvL

Additional Note on the AvtJwrship of the Boohs of CTironicles.— 'When Ezra
and Chronicles are critically examined and analysed, tbe Hebrew tradition as
to their authorship is very greatly strengthened and confirmed. The parts of
Ezra where the writer uses the first person are admitted on all hands to have
been the work of the " ready scribe " (Ezra vii. 6). But the rest of Ezra is
completely homogeneous in style with these parts, and must almost certainly
have proceeded from the same writer. And between Ezra and Chronicles there
is so very great a resemblance that the critics who care least for tradition
pronounce them the composition of the same mind. The internal evidence
thus entirely confirms the external testimony ; and Ezra's authorship of
Chronicles may be regarded as not far short of being an established fact.—
Canon Ramlimon, M.A.



[Cap. 1. 1-ia

B.O.-4004, etc.


a " One chamc- .
teriatic of the j
Bks. of Chron. ;
iB a marked ;
bias, and desire
to put on record i
the names of i
peraous engaged I
in any of tlie
events nar-,
rated." — Spk.
Com. \

if. Eenry.

Starting up
here and there
like ru^ijed cliffs,
the genealogies
claim more than
a sterile gran-
deur; for bleak
and barren
though they
seem, there is a
well - spring at
their foot. It is
from thes e
dreary crags
that the foun-
tain of Christ's
manhood takes I
Us rise; and as j
you follow the I
stream from Ur '
of the Chaldees |
to the manger of (
Bethlehem, you I
find how faithful '
the Promiser,
and how watch- '
ful the Provi- 1
dence which
throuijh all the
eventful ceutu-
rie.s kept alloat, '
and guided on i
the ark of the
Advent." — Dr. J. ;

Prof. Daubeny.

"It is to live
twice, when you
can enjoy the
recollection of
your former


1 — 16. (1) This list is taken fr. Ge. v. and x., and the differ-
ences in the names arise fr. a more exact reproduction of the
Hcb. forms." (2) Kenan, Cainan. (3) Henoch, Enoch. (5 — 16)
sons, etc., comp. Ge. x. 2 — 18.

Lrssfnisfrom (jenealofjU'ii. — Let lis think — I. Of the multitudes
that have gone through the world, have acted their part in it,
and tlien quitted it. II. Of the providence of God which keeps
up the generations of men, and so preserves that degenerate race,
though guilty and obnoxious, in being upon earth.*

Proper place of man in creation. — "VVhen we reflect within
what a naiTow area our researches are necessarily circumscribed ;
when we perceive that we are bounded in space almost to the
surface of the planet in which we reside, itself merely a speck in
the universe, one of innumerable worlds invisible from the
nearest of the fixed stars ; when we recollect, too, that we are
limited in point of time to a few short years of life and activity
— that our records of the past history of the globe and of its in-
habitants are comprised within a minute portion of the latest of
the many epochs which the world has gone through ; and that,
with regard to the futui'e, the most durable monuments we can
raise, to hand down our names to posterity, are liable at any
time to be overthrown by an earthquake, and would be obli-
terated as though they had never been, by any of those processes
of mctamorphic action which geology tells us form a part of the
cycle of changes which the globe is destined to undergo, — the
more lost in wonder we may be at the vast fecundity of nature,
which within so narrow a sphere can crowd together phenomena
so various and so imposing, the more sensible shall we be-
come of the small proportion which our highest powers and
their happiest results bear, not only to the cause of all causa-
tion, but even to other created beings, higher in the scale
than ourselves, which we may conceive to exist.''— T At' riddle
of life. — How true is that old fable of the sphinx, who sat
by the '^yside, propounding her riddle to the passengers,
which, if they could not answer, she destroyed them ! Such a
sphinx is this life of ours, to all men and societies of men.
Nature, like the sphinx, is of womanly celestial loveliness and
tenderness ; the face and bosom of a goddess, but ending in claws
and the body of a lioness. There is in her a celestial beauty,
which means celestial order, pliancy to wisdom ; but there is
also a darkness, a ferocity, a fatality, which are infernal. She is
a goddess, but one not yet disimprisoned ; one still half-impri-
; soned — the inarticulate, lovely, still encased in the inarticulate,
j chaotic. How true I And does she not propound her riddles to
us ? Of each man she asks daily, in mild voice, yet %vith a
'terrible significance, '■ Knowest thou the meaning of this dayf
j What thou canst do to-day, wisely attempt to do." Nature, uni-
I verse, destiny, existence, howsoever we name this grand unnam-
able fact in the midst of which we live and struggle, is as a
I heavenly bride and conquest to the wise and brave, to them who
; can discern her behests and do them ; a destroying fiend to them
I who cannot. Answer her riddle, it is well with thee. Answat

Cap.!. 17-42.3



it not, pass on regarding it not, it will answer itself : the solu-
tion of it is a thing of teeth and claws. Nature is a dumb
lioness, deaf to thy pleadings, fiercely devouring.''

17 — 28. (17) Shem," his descendants are fully given, bee.
with them the Bible narrative is mainly concerned. Uz, etc.,
these are, in Ge. x. 2.S, said to be the sons of Aram. (19) Peleg,
= dh-hlon. (22) Ebal, in Ge. x. 28 Obal. (24—27) Shem . .
Abraham, summarised record fr. Ge. xi. 10 — 2f!. Shelah, in
Ge. Salah. (28; sons of Abraham, here those only are men-
tioned with wh. Bib. history is concerned. Keturah"s family is
mentioned separately.*

Boom in the grave for more. — But, alas ! these graves are not
yet full. In Reason's ear— an ear ringing ever with strange and
mystic sounds— there is heard a voice from the thousand tombs,
saying, " Yet there is room." The churchyard among the hills
has a voice, and says, " There is room under the solitary birch
which waves over me." The city cemetery has a voice, and
says, " Crowded as I am, I can yet open a corner for thy dust :
yet there is room." The field of battle says, " Tliere is room :
I have earth enough to cover all my slain." The depths
of the ocean say, " Thousands have gone down within me :
nay, one entire world has become the prey of my waters : still
my caverns are not crowded, yet there is room. The heart of
the earth has a voice, a hollow voice, and says, " I am empty :
yet there is room." Do not all the graves thus compose one
melancholy chorus, and say, " Yet there is room ; room for thee,
thou maiden adorned with virtue and loveliness ; room for thee,
thou aged man ; room for thee, thou saint, as surely as there was
room for thy Saviour ; room for thee, thou sinner, as surely as
thy kindred before thee have laid themselves and their iniquities
down in the dust : room for all, for all must in us at last lie down."'^
— The stream of life.— Ijite bears us on like a stream of a mighty
river. Our boat at first glides down the narrow channel, through
the playful murmurings of the little brook, and the winding of
the grassy borders. The trees shed their blossoms over our young
head% the flowers on the brink seem to offer themselves to our
young hands ; we are happy in hope, and we grasp eagerly at the
beauties around us ; but the stream hurries on, and still our
hands are empty. Our course in youth and manhood is along a
wilder and deeper flood, amid objects more striking and magnifi-
cent. We are animated at the moving pictures of enjoyment and
industry passing around us ; we are excited at some short-lived
disappointment. The stream bears us on, and our joys and griefs
are alike left behind us. We may be shipwrecked — we cannot
be delayed ; whether rough or smooth, the river hastens to its
nome, till the roar of the ocean is in our ears, and the tossing of
the waves is beneath our feet, and the land lessens from our eyes,
and the floods are lifted up around us, and we take our leave of
earth and its inhabitants, until of our fiulher voyage there is no
witness save the Infinite and Eternal.'*

29—42. (29) Ishmael, mentioned first to clear the way for posterity-
giving posterity of Isaac, 'the child of promise. God's promise ■ of Abraham
V'as that he should beget 12 princes." Nebaioth, ete., comp.
Ge. XXV. 13—15. (:!0) JEIadad, in Cre.IIadar. (32) Keturah, I ^^ ^^.j ^
Ge. xxy. 1. she bare, etc., Ge. xxv. 2—4. (34) Esau, onr

B.C. 4004, etc

d Car!ijle.

Shem's line
to Abraham

a Comp. Ge. x
2-2— 29.

b 1 Chr. i. 32, 33.

" We mlk of hu-
1 man life as a
; jourue.v, but how
j ■variously is that
[journey p e r-
fornied. There
are those who
come forth girt,
and shod, and
mantled, to walk
on velvet lawna
and smooth ter-
i races, where
1 every gale is ar-
■ rested and every
' beam is tem-
pered. There are
' others who walk
on the Alpine
paths of life,
against driving
misery, and
through stormy
sorrows. over
sharp afflictions ;
I walk with bare
feet and naked
breast, jaded,
' mangle!l, and
chilled."— (Syrfney
' Smith.

c Gilfillan

Emblems of life.—
A dream; an
eagle hasting to
the prey ; a
flower; grass;
handbreadth; a
.pilgrimage; a
shadow; a shep-
herd's tent;
; sleep; a swift
jsbip: a swift
! post; a tale t(jld;
j a thread cut by
the weaver; a
vapour ; water
spilt on the
ground; a wea-
ver's shuttle;
wind. — Bowes.
d Bp. Hebtr



[Cap. 1. 43-64.

B.O 4O04, etc.

■•The great

Dorthern desert
cf Arabia, in
chiding tlio en-
tire neck, was
colonised by
these tribes." —

6 //. Smith.

All life ia a jour-
ney, not a home;
it is a roail, not
the country; and
tliose transient
eiijojmeuts wh.
yi>u have in this
life, lawful in
their way — those
incirleural and
evanescpnt plea-
sures which jou
may sip— are not
home ; they are
little inns only
npon the rtjad-
8 i d e of life,
where you are
refreshed for a
moment, that you
may take again
the pilgrim's
staff and journey
on, seeking what
is still before you
— the rest that
remaineth for the
people of God.

How frail is
human life! A
thin texture of
living flesh is
the only screen
between never-
dying souls and
their eternal

C &. Palmer.

kingrs and
dukes of

a Wordsworth.

" They only have
lived long who
have lived virtu-
ously." iiAmc/im.

the principle mentioned in note on r. 29, E>;au'8 descendants
are dealt with before those of Jacob. (35) sons of Esau, .lee
Ge. xxxvi. 10—13. (.3G) Zephi, in Ge. Zpho. Timna, in Ge.
xxxvi. 12, this is not a .son, but concubine wife to Eliphaz. (38)
sons of Seir, comp. Ge. xxxvi. 20, 21. (SiJ) Lotan, G^. xxxvi.
22. Timna, poss. same as v. oO, if the record in Ge. be the
correct one. (40 — 42) sons, e!n.. Ge. xxxvi. 23—28.

Changes in human socii-ty. — When one sea floweth, another
ebbeth. When one star riseth, another setteth. When lig'ht ia
in Goshen, darkness is in Egypt. When Mordecai groweth into
favour. Ham an groweth out of favour. When Benjamin be-
ginneth, Rachel endeth. Thus we are rising or setting ; getting
or spending ; winning or losing ; growing or fading, until we
arrive at heaven or hell.'' — The jierils of life. — Go to some
man now past the meridian of life, whose character and
habits, with the Divine blessing, have made him honoured
and successful. He was one of a band, more or less nu-
merous, who set out in life together. They came forth
from their homes and from the schoolroom, differing, perhaps,
but little either in their talents or acquirements. Ask him to tell
you where those his early associates are now, and what he re-
members of their history. Ah ! how painful the recollection and
the recital 1 One, he will say, as he brings back the half -for-
gotten past, looked on the wine when it was red, and he went
early to the drunkard's grave. Another yielded to the love of
vain display ; and after a brief career of brilliant folly and extra-
vagance, he passed by bankruptcy to poverty, and was soon for-
gotten by the world. A third indulged, at first, in some trifling
dishonesty, and then he was led on till he became a villain, and
finally went to prison, or to an ignominious death. A fourth
gave loose to sensual appetite ; and then from impurity of
thought and word, he went on step by step, till he suffered the
miseries and met at last the fate of the worn-out profligate. A
fifth was taken in the gambler's snare, and fell by suicide. A
sixth — but why should I go on ? So daily perish, on hfe's broad
arena, the hopes of fathers and mothers ! So sink into the depths
of shame and ruin many who should have shone as brilliant stars
in the galaxy of intellect— should have found a place among the
noblest spirits that have ever done honour to humanity and
climbed the enviable heights of fair renown. The roadside of
life is all whitened with the bones of the multitudes who have
fallen thus, having made, by their own missteps, an utter wreck
of their hopes, their characters, and their all. With such evi-
dence of the perils of life, can it be doubted that youth requires
a guide with a friendly hand to lead them ?«

43 — 54. the kings, etc., comp. Ge. xxxvi. 31 — 43. (44)
Jobab, is by some supposed to be the Job of the Scripture book.
(51) the dukes, this word indicates a change in the form of
government on the death of Hadad."*

Dlv'ineness of human nature. — With our sciences and our cyclo-
pasdias, we are apt to forget the Divineness in those laboratories
of ours. We ought not to forget it 1 That once well forgotten,
I know not what else were worth remembering ! Most sciences,
I think, were then a very dead thing — withered, contentious,
empty — a thistle in late autumn. The best science, without this,
is but as the dead timber ; it is not the growing tree and forest)**

Cap. il. 1-24,1



which gives ever-new timber among other things ! Man can-
not know either, unless he can worship in some way. His know-
ledge is a pedantry and dead thistle, otherwise.*

B.C. 4004, etc.

b Carlyle.


1 — 12. (1) Israel, the new and permanent name given to
Jacob. The order of the names is peculiar, it neither follows
seniority or legitimacy. (3) Judah, mentioned fii-st bee. the
right of primogeniture was transferred to him." Er, Ge. xxxviii.
7. (5) Pharez, Ge. xlvi. 12. (G) sons of Zerah, taken fr.
sources unknown to us.* (7) Carmi, not previously mentioned,
but a son of Zimri. Achar, same as Achan." (8 — 12) Ethan,
etc., comp. Rev. iv. 19 — 22; Mat. i. 3 — 6. (11) Salma, spelt
also Salmah, or Salmon.

God's dealing with sin and the sinner {v. 3, last clause). — I.
God's estimate of sin, not man's. The judge's, not physician's,
or father's, one of condemnation : not disease or misfortune ;
but guilt, not a thing of sentiment. II. God's treatment of sin.
1. Prompt ; 2. Decided ; 3. Severe ; 4. Watchful. (1) The sinner
a firstborn son ; (2) The firstborn of Judah. Jesus, the true
" firstborn of Judah," was made sin for us.''

Unman society a circle. — Human society is a vast circle of
beings on a plain, in the midst of which stands the shrine of
goodness and happiness, inviting all to approach : now the
attached pairs in this circle should not be continually looking on
each other, but should turn their faces very often toward this
central object, and as they advance they will, like radii from the
circumference to the centre, continually become closer to eacli
other, as they approximate to their mutual and ultimate object.*

13—17. (13) Jesse begat, etc., 1 Sa. xvi. 10.« Shimma,
Shammah. in 1 Sa. ; Shimeah, 2 Sa. xiii. 3. (14) Raddai, prob.
Rel of 1 Ki. i. 8. (Ki) sisters, by the same mother, not by
Jesse.* sons of Zeruiah, 2 Sa. ii. 18. AhisJiai may have been
eldest born. (17) Ishmeelite, comp. 2 Sa. xvii. 25.

Jesse's eif/ht soJis. — -As it appears (1 Sa. xvi. 10, xvii. 12) that
Jesse had eight sons, the presumption is, from David being men-
tioned here as the seventh son of his father, that one of them '
had died at an early age, without leaving issue."" — Greatness. — j
That which especially distinguishes a high order of man from a
low order of man — that which constitutes human goodness, j
human nobleness — is surely not the degree of enlightenment
with which men pursue their own advantage ; but it is self-for- •
getfulness, it is self-sacrifice, it is the disregard of personal
pleasure and personal indulgence, personal advantages remote or

18—24. (18) Caleb, v. 9, Chehihai. and of Jerioth, secon- j Posterity
dary wife; the names of her children are not given. (19)jand Hezron
Ephrath, we r, 50. (20) Bezaleel, the great artificer." (21)}
Machir. Nu. xxvii. 1. (22) Jair, Nu. xxxii. 41; Ju. x. 4.|" ^'^^ sj^^'^ixv^'

(23) took, better, had taken.'' Geshur,'' N.E. region of Bashan. j'^^g.'xx'xviu l]'^ '
Aram, whose capital was Damascus. Kenath, now Kenawat, I ' /

in Argob of Baslian.'' towers thereof, lit. his daughters." jrg„()g,.fjjg''°/J^ig

(24) dead in Caleb-ephratah, Hezron must have died in passage appean

B.C. 1752,

of Israel
and Judah

a Ge. xlix. S.
6 " The Bimilar
names found in
1 Ki. iy. 31, are
not necessarily
those of the
t-ame persons."
— \yord6Worth.
c Jos. Yii. 1. —

r. 7. T. Stem-
hope, 3.

V. 3. " The re-
petition ot a ver.
in Genesis, in a
very unlikely
place, — in the
midst of names
and genealogies;
God thus giving
us to know the
stress He lays on
i'." — Dr Bonar.

d Dr. Bonar.

e J. Foster.

of Jesse

a This list only
gives seven sons,
the V. in Samuel
indicates that
Da vld made

b 2 Sa. xvii. 25,

cPort. Com.

d Froude's ShoH



[Cap. 11. 25-41,

B.O. 1752.

to he that Qeshur
atid Aram {i.e.
the inhabitants
of those coun-
tries) took the
towns of Jair
fniui thoni (i.e.
from the Manas -
Bites)." — lier-

c De. iii. 14; Jos.
Zii. 5; 2 Sa. xv. S.


e Nu. xxi.
Eze. xvi. 46.

f Spk. Com.

g Young.

posterity of

a Berlheau.

" Sink uot he-
neath imaginary
Borrows ; call to
your aid your
courage and your
wisdom ; think
on the sudden
chiinge of human
scenes; thiiik ou
the various acci-
deuts of war ;
think ou the
mighty power of
awful virtue;
think on the Pro-
vioence that
guards the good."
-— Johnson.

An the arteries
fill the veins
with hood, so
the Spirit of
Christ nils the
soul of the be-
liever with a
new life.

h Bp. Hall.

e J. Foster,

Eosterlty of

' No man ever
misonrried be-

Egypt, and no satisfactory explanation can be given of this


The griafnc.ts and lifflrn/'.i.s of man. —

How poor, how rich, how abject, how august,
How complicate, how wonderful, is man 1
How passing wonder He who made him such !
Who centred in our make such strange extremes 1
From different natures marvellously mix'd,
Connection exquisite of distant worlds !
Distinguish'd link in being's endless chain I
Midway from nothing to the Deity !
A beam ethereal, sullied and absorpt !
Though sullied and dishonour'd, still Divine I
Dim miniature of greatness absolute 1
An heir of glory 1 a frail child of dust 1
Helpless immortal 1 insect infinite 1
A worm 1 — a God \3

25 — 33. (25) Jerahmeel, r. 9; this genealogy ia quite new,
Ahijah, prob. the name of Jerahmeel's first wife." (26) an-
other, wh. seems to involve that one had been mentioned.
(27 — 33) and . . Jerahmeel, merely genealogical interest ac-
taches to these names.

Evil and good men. — An evil man is clay to God, wax to the
devil. God may stamp him into powder or temper him anew ;
but none of His means can melt him. Contrariwise, a good man
is God"s wax, and Satan's clay; he relents at every look of God,

Online LibraryJames Comper GrayThe Biblical museum : a collection of notes, explanatory, homiletic, and illustrative, on the Holy Scriptures, especially designed for the use of ministers, Bible students, and Sunday school teachers (Volume 4) → online text (page 35 of 66)