James D. Richardson.

A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents Volume 8, part 2: Chester A. Arthur online

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Eleven customs districts and twenty-three post-offices were thus
brought under the immediate operation of the statute.

The annual report of the Civil Service Commission which will soon be
submitted to Congress will doubtless afford the means of a more definite
judgment than I am now prepared to express as to the merits of the new
system. I am persuaded that its effects have thus far proved beneficial.
Its practical methods appear to be adequate for the ends proposed, and
there has been no serious difficulty in carrying them into effect.
Since the 16th of July last no person, so far as I am aware, has been
appointed to the public service in the classified portions thereof
at any of the Departments, or at any of the post-offices and customs
districts above named, except those certified by the Commission to be
the most competent on the basis of the examinations held in conformity
to the rules.

At the time when the present Executive entered upon his office his
death, removal, resignation, or inability to discharge his duties would
have left the Government without a constitutional head.

It is possible, of course, that a similar contingency may again arise
unless the wisdom of Congress shall provide against its recurrence.

The Senate at its last session, after full consideration, passed an act
relating to this subject, which will now, I trust, commend itself to the
approval of both Houses of Congress.

The clause of the Constitution upon which must depend any law regulating
the Presidential succession presents also for solution other questions
of paramount importance.

These questions relate to the proper interpretation of the phrase
"inability to discharge the powers and duties of said office," our
organic law providing that when the President shall suffer from such
inability the Presidential office shall devolve upon the Vice-President,
who must himself under like circumstances give place to such officer as
Congress may by law appoint to act as President.

I need not here set forth the numerous and interesting inquiries which
are suggested by these words of the Constitution. They were fully stated
in my first communication to Congress and have since been the subject of
frequent deliberations in that body.

It is greatly to be hoped that these momentous questions will find
speedy solution, lest emergencies may arise when longer delay will be
impossible and any determination, albeit the wisest, may furnish cause
for anxiety and alarm.

For the reasons fully stated in my last annual message I repeat my
recommendation that Congress propose an amendment to that provision of
the Constitution which prescribes the formalities for the enactment of
laws, whereby, in respect to bills for the appropriation of public
moneys, the Executive may be enabled, while giving his approval to
particular items, to interpose his veto as to such others as do not
commend themselves to his judgment.

The fourteenth amendment of the Constitution confers the rights of
citizenship upon all persons born or naturalized in the United States
and subject to the jurisdiction thereof. It was the special purpose of
this amendment to insure to members of the colored race the full
enjoyment of civil and political rights. Certain statutory provisions
intended to secure the enforcement of those rights have been recently
declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.

Any legislation whereby Congress may lawfully supplement the guaranties
which the Constitution affords for the equal enjoyment by all the
citizens of the United States of every right, privilege, and immunity
of citizenship will receive my unhesitating approval.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.




SPECIAL MESSAGES.


EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 10, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication from the Secretary of the Interior
of the 3d instant, submitting, with accompanying papers, draft of a bill
to accept and ratify certain agreements made with the Sioux Indians and
to grant a right of way to the Dakota Central Railway Company through
the Sioux Reservation in Dakota.

The matter is presented for the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 10, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication from the Secretary of the Interior
of the 3d instant, with accompanying papers, submitting draft of a bill
to prevent timber depredations on Indian reservations.

The subject is presented for the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 10, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication of the 3d instant from the Secretary
of the Interior, in relation to the urgent necessity of action on the
part of the Congress for the more adequate prevention of trespasses
upon Indian lands, with copy of report from the Commissioner of Indian
Affairs upon the subject, draft of bill for the object indicated, and
copy of correspondence from the Secretary of War recommending action
in the premises.

The matter is commended to the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 10, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication of the 3d instant from the
Secretary of the Interior, with the draft of a bill "to accept and
ratify an agreement made by the Pi-Ute Indians, and granting a right of
way to the Carson and Colorado Railroad Company through the Walker River
Reservation, in Nevada," and accompanying papers in relation to the
subject.

The matter is presented for the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 10, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication from the Secretary of the Interior
of the 3d instant, with accompanying papers, submitting a draft of a
bill "providing for the allotment of lands in severalty to certain
Chippewa Indians of Lake Superior residing in the State of Wisconsin,
and granting patents therefor."

The subject is presented for the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 10, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication from the Secretary of the Interior
of the 3d instant, with draft of bill for the payment of certain
settlers in the State of Nevada for improvements on lands in Duck
Valley, in that State, taken for the use and occupancy of the Shoshone
Indians, with accompanying papers.

The subject is presented for the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 10, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication from the Secretary of the Interior
of the 3d instant, submitting, with accompanying papers, draft of a bill
"To provide for the settlement of the estates of deceased Kickapoo
Indians in the State of Kansas, and for other purposes."

The matter is presented for the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 11, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a letter from the Secretary of the Interior,
inclosing a communication from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs
setting forth the necessity of a deficiency appropriation of $60,000
for the immediate wants of his Bureau.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 13, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith, for the consideration of Congress, a letter
from the Secretary of War, inclosing copies of official reports,
etc., by the military authorities touching the necessity for the
acquisition of additional land for the military reservation of Fort
Preble, Me., and expressing his concurrence in the recommendation of the
Lieutenant-General of the Army that the sum of $8,000 be appropriated by
Congress for the purchase of such additional land.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 13, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith, for the consideration of Congress, a communication
from the Secretary of War, touching the question of the reconstruction
of a bridge over the Republican River at or near Fort Riley, in the
State of Kansas, and recommending such legislation as will authorize the
reconstruction of said bridge by the United States in accordance with
the terms and provisions of a joint resolution of the legislature of the
State of Kansas approved March 6, 1883, a copy of which is herewith
inclosed.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 13, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith, for the consideration of Congress, a communication
from the Secretary of War, dated the 4th instant, inclosing and
commending to favorable consideration a letter from the board of
commissioners of the Soldiers' Home, dated Washington, D.C., November
27, 1883, recommending such legislation as will confer upon said board
of commissioners authority to advance a sum not exceeding $40,000
annually from funds found to be due the Soldiers' Home on settlements to
be made in the offices of the Second Comptroller and Second Auditor, to
pay for the services of extra clerks to be employed under the direction
of the Secretary of the Treasury in making such settlements.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 13, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith, for the consideration of Congress, a copy of
a communication from the Secretary of War, dated the 8th instant,
inclosing one from Captain S. M. Mills, Fifth Artillery, indorsed by the
Chief Signal Officer of the Army, recommending that Congress authorize
the printing and binding, for the use of the Signal Office, of 5,000
copies of the Annual Report of the Chief Signal Officer for the fiscal
year 1882, and inclosing a draft of a joint resolution for that purpose.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 13, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith, for the consideration of Congress, a letter from
the Secretary of War, dated the 8th instant, and its accompanying
papers, relative to the reconveyance to Mr. Thomas Mulvihill, of
Pittsburg, Pa., of certain land erroneously conveyed by him to the
United States, the particular facts regarding which are fully set forth
in the inclosed copy of Senate Executive Document No. 46, Forty-seventh
Congress, second session.

It appearing that the land in question was through error alone
transferred to the United States, and that to retransfer the same to Mr.
Mulvihill would be a measure of simple justice, it is recommended that
such legislation be had as may be necessary to restore to Mr. Mulvihill
his rights in the premises.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 17, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication from the Secretary of the Interior
of the 4th instant, with accompanying papers, submitting a draft of a
bill "to confirm the title to certain land in the Indian Territory to
the Cheyennes and Arapahoes and the Wichitas and affiliated bands, to
provide for the issuance of patents therefor, and for other purposes."

The subject is presented for the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 17, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication of the 11th instant from the
Secretary of the Interior, submitting, with accompanying papers, draft
of a bill "to provide for the issuance of patents for certain lands in
the Indian Territory occupied by the Kickapoo, Iowa, and other Indians."

The matter is presented for the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 17, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication of the 6th instant from the
Secretary of the Interior, submitting, with accompanying papers, a draft
of a bill "to accept and ratify an agreement with the confederated
tribes of the Flathead, Kootenay, and Upper Pend d'Oreille Indians for
the sale of a portion of their reservation in the Territory of Montana
required for the use of the Northern Pacific Railroad, and for other
purposes."

The subject is presented for the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 17, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication from the Secretary of the Interior
of the 4th instant, submitting, with accompanying papers, draft of a
bill "to accept and ratify the agreement submitted by the Shoshones,
Bannocks, and Sheepeaters of the Fort Hall and Lemhi reservations, in
Idaho, May 14, 1880, for the sale of a portion of their land in said
Territory and for other purposes, and to make the necessary
appropriations for carrying out the same."

The matter is presented for the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 17, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication from the Secretary of the Interior,
submitting a draft of a bill "providing for allotment of lands in
severalty to the Indians residing upon the Chehalis Reservation, in
Washington Territory, and granting patents therefor," with accompanying
report from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs upon the subject.

The matter is presented for the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 17, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication from the Secretary of the Interior
of the 3d instant, with accompanying papers, submitting a draft of a
bill for the relief of the Nez Percé Indians in the Territory of Idaho
and of the allied tribes residing on the Grande Ronde Indian
Reservation, in the State of Oregon.

The subject is presented for the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 17, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication from the Secretary of the Interior
of the 4th instant, submitting, with accompanying papers, draft of a
bill to accept and ratify certain agreements made with the Sioux Indians
and to grant a right of way to the Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul
Railway Company through the Sioux Reservation in Dakota.

The matter is presented for the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 17, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith, for the consideration of Congress, a letter from
the Secretary of War, dated December 13 instant, inclosing one from the
Surgeon-General of the Army submitting a special estimate for funds
in the sum of $200,000 for the erection in this city of a suitable
fireproof building to contain the records, library, and museum of the
Medical Department of the Army, together with preliminary plans for
said building and copies of reports, etc., in relation to the subject.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 17, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith, for the consideration of Congress, a communication
from the Secretary of the Navy, dated the 10th instant, inclosing a
letter from the Surgeon-General of the Navy respecting the advisability
of providing for representation on the part of the United States in any
international convention that may be organized for the purpose of
establishing uniform standards of measure of color perception and
acuteness of vision.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 17, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication of the 3d instant from the Secretary
of the Interior, submitting, with accompanying papers, a draft of a bill
for the payment of the value of certain improvements made by certain
settlers on the Round Valley Indian Reservation, in the State of
California, as appraised under the act approved March 3, 1873.

The subject is presented for the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 17, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication of the 12th instant from the
Secretary of the Interior, submitting a report of the Commissioner of
Indian Affairs of December 8, 1883, and accompanying papers, on the
subject of the "Old Settler" or "Western" Cherokees.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 17, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication of the 4th instant from the
Secretary of the Interior, with draft of a bill to accept and ratify an
agreement made with Chief Moses and other Indians for the relinquishment
of certain lands in Washington Territory, and to make the necessary
appropriations for carrying the same into effect, with accompanying
papers.

The subject is presented for the consideration of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 19, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith, for the consideration of Congress, a letter from
the Secretary of War, dated the 15th instant, inclosing one from the
Quartermaster-General setting forth the necessity for the construction
of a fireproof building in this city for the storage of the public
records.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 19, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a letter from the Secretary of the Interior,
inclosing a copy of a communication from the Commissioner of Indian
Affairs setting forth the necessity of a deficiency appropriation of
$78,110 for the purchase of supplies for the balance of the present
fiscal year for the Crow Indians.

CHESTER A ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _Washington, December 19, 1883_.

_To the Senate of the United States:_

I transmit herewith, in response to the Senate resolution of the 18th
instant, a report of the Secretary of State and accompanying papers,
relating to the treaty between the United States and Great Britain
signed April 19, 1850.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _December 19, 1883_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith, for the consideration of Congress, a communication
from the Secretary of War, dated December 14, 1883, upon the subject of
abandoned military reservations, and renewing his former recommendation
for such legislation as will provide for the disposal of military sites
that are no longer needed for military purposes.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _Washington, December 19, 1883_.

_To the Senate of the United States of America:_

I transmit herewith to the Senate, for its consideration with a view
to ratification, a treaty of extradition between the United States of
America and the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, concluded at Berlin on the
29th of October, A.D. 1883.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _Washington, December 24, 1883_.

_To the House of Representatives:_

The House of Representatives having adopted on the 19th instant a
resolution in the following words -

_Resolved_, That the Secretary of State be, and he is hereby,
requested to furnish for the information of this House, without delay,
if not incompatible with the public service, all communications,
documents, and papers in his possession relating to the trial,
conviction, and execution of the late Patrick O'Donnell by the British
Government -


I transmit herewith a report made to me by the Secretary of State, with
the papers enumerated in the subjoined list, as answering said
resolution.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _January 7, 1884_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication from the Secretary of the Interior
of the 19th ultimo, submitting, with accompanying papers, a draft of a
bill providing for the allotment of lands in severalty to the Arickaree,
Gros Ventre, and Mandan Indians on the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation,
in Dakota, and the granting of patents therefor, and for other purposes.

The matter is presented for the action of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _January 7, 1884_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith a communication from the Secretary of the Interior
of the 19th ultimo, submitting, with accompanying papers, a draft of a
bill "to allow Indian homestead entries in certain cases without the
payment of fees and commissions."

The matter is presented for the consideration and action of the Congress.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.


EXECUTIVE MANSION, _January 7, 1884_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith, for the consideration of Congress, a letter from
the Secretary of War, dated the 2d instant, inclosing copies of official
correspondence, reports, etc., in relation to the military post of Fort
Sullivan, Me., and recommending such legislation as will authorize the
sale of the site to the highest bidder after public advertisement, the
same being no longer needed for military purposes.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _January 8, 1884_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I submit a communication from the governor of the State of Illinois,
with a copy of an act of the general assembly of that State tendering to
the United States the cession of the Illinois and Michigan Canal upon
condition that it shall be enlarged and maintained as a national
waterway for commercial purposes.

The proposed cession is an element of the subject which Congress had
under consideration in directing by the act of August 2, 1882, a survey
for a canal from a point on the Illinois River at or near the town of
Hennepin by the most practicable route to the Mississippi River at or
above the city of Rock Island, the canal to be not less than 70 feet
wide at the water line and not less than 7 feet in depth of water, and
with capacity for vessels of at least 280 tons burden; and also a survey
of the Illinois and Michigan Canal and an estimate of the cost of
enlarging it to the dimensions of the proposed canal between Hennepin
and the Mississippi River.

The surveys ordered in the above act have been completed and the report
upon them is included in the last annual report of the Secretary of War,
and a copy is herewith submitted. It is estimated in the report that by
the enlargement of the Illinois and Michigan Canal and the construction
of the proposed canal by the shortest route between Hennepin and the
Mississippi River a direct and convenient thoroughfare for vessels of
280 tons burden may be opened from the Mississippi River to Lake
Michigan at a cost of $8,110,286.65, and that the annual charge for
maintenance would be $138,600.

It appears from these papers that the estimated yield of corn, wheat,
and oats for 1882 in the States of Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota,
Kansas, and Nebraska was more than 1,000,000,000 bushels. It is claimed
that if the cheap water transportation route which is now continuous
from the Atlantic Ocean to Chicago is extended to the Upper Mississippi
by such a canal a great benefit in the reduction of freight charges
would result to the people of the Upper Mississippi Valley, whose
productions I have only partly noted, not only upon their own shipments,
but upon the articles of commerce used by them, which are now taken from
the Eastern States by water only as far as Chicago.

As a matter of great interest, especially to the citizens of that part
of the country, I commend the general subject to your consideration.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _Washington, January 8, 1884_.

_To the House of Representatives:_

In answer to the resolution of the House of Representatives of the 7th
instant, respecting the alleged distribution of circulars in some of the
Departments asking contributions for political purposes, I hereby
transmit the reply of the Secretary of State.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR.



EXECUTIVE MANSION, _January 8, 1884_.

_To the Senate and House of Representatives:_

I transmit herewith to the House of Representatives a communication from



Online LibraryJames D. RichardsonA Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents Volume 8, part 2: Chester A. Arthur → online text (page 18 of 29)