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James Edward Nightingale.

The church plate of the county of Dorset. With extracts from the returns of church goods by the Dorset commissioners of Edward VI. 1552 online

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handsome mural monument to her memory in the Church, the
affectionate and sorrowing inscription upon which concludes with
" George White, maritus nuper fcelicissimus." These pieces were,
no doubt, given in memoriam. — Another Paten with foot, S^in.
diam., with the hall mark of 1727.

ToLPUDDLE. — An Elizabethan Chalice and Paten cover, 7jin.
and ijin. in height respectively; the only mark found is the
provincial one j,^ i^^ ^" ^^ cover is inscribed the

date 1577. It *^ ^^ is of the usual type with bell-

shaped cup and plain knot in centre of stem ; there is a narrow
band of interlacing foliated strap-work round the bowl. — A
Paten, S^in. diam., on foot. It bears the hall mark of the
Britannia standard for 1719, and is inscribed "Given by S. B.
1720." This might have some connection with Samuel Bragg,
whose name occurs as Vicar in 1654, and who died 1719. There
is an electro-plated Flagon, 9f in. in height, and a pewter one,
9|in., no longer in use.



DEANERY OF WHITCHURCH.



XV.

POOLE PORTION.

Almer. — A Chalice, 7in. in height, of square form, tapering
outwards towards the lip ; it has a knot in the stem and a flat
base. — A Paten, of bowl form, on a foot ; both these pieces bear
hall marks, but they are now undecipherable ; the date is pro-
bably about the middle of the i yth century. — A modern silver-
plated Flagon, loin. high.

Arne. — A Chalice, 6iin. in height, elaborately ornamented ;
together with two Patens and a Flagon, all of silver-gilt, and
bearing the Birmingham hall marks of 1872. On each piece is
inscribed " Given to the Church of St. Nicholas at Arne in the
Isle of Purbeck by a Churchman mdccclxxiii."

Bloxworth. — The early Chalice of this parish is retained,
although no longer in use ; it is of the late Elizabethan type, and
has a Paten cover. The cup is sfin. in height, the cover i|in.
It bears no hall marks ; on the under surface of the rim of the
base is a coeval marking in black lettering of the weight,
apparently 5 oz. and some pennyweights, not clear ; on the other
side of the rim is engraved an elegant small trefoiled leaf; there is
a single band of intersecting strap-work, enclosing foliation, round
the bowl, somewhat roughly done, and an egg and tongue moulding
at the base. On the cover is engraved the date 1634. There is
some little difficulty in determining whether this cover belongs to
the chalice ; probably it does, although the cup would indicate an
earlier date. The bowl is perfectly straight-sided, and rather
suggests that a bit of projecting rim has been cut off, but, on the
other hand, the engraved belt is just in the middle, and would be
out of place if any considerable portion had been removed. It is
most likely of provincial make ; the stem has been repaired and
refixed. The plate at present in use consists of a Chalice, 7 fin.



high. ; two Patens, S|in. diam. ; and a Flagon, lofin. high, all of
silver-gilt, bearing the hall marks of 1868, and inscribed with the
sacred monogram, also " In usum Ecclesiae de Bloxworth et in
memoriam Georgii Pickard-Cambridge, Fratris dilecti D.D.
Johannes Trenchard Trenchard LL.D. e Coll : Nov : Oxon olim
Soc. Ann. Dom. 1868."

Branksome. — A Chalice and Paten of silver-gilt, of good
modern design, inscribed with legends. — Another Chalice and
Paten, of smaller dimensions, bearing the sacred monogram ; also
a Flagon of cruet shape. All these pieces are of late date.

Canford. — A Chalice, silver-gilt, yfin. in height, with the hall
marks of 1848, inscribed, " Presented to Canford Church by Sir J.
John Guest, Bart. Christmas 1848." — A flat Paten, 6fin. diam.,
of the same date, inscribed with the sacred monogram and a
legend round the border. — A Flagon, io|in. high, bearing the
Sheffield hall mark of 1S43, inscribed with a legend and "In
memoriam A. F. Guest. Posuerunt Amici 1862."

Charborough. — This is the only parish in the county from
which a return of some sort has not been received. Nothing is
known of the existence of any Church plate belonging to it. The
widow of a former incumbent states " there never was any plate
at Charbro' in our time." There can be httle doubt, however,
that some old plate must have existed here at some time or other,
for this was the residence of Richard Phelip, Esq.,* who by his
will, dated 1557, was careful to provide chalices and patens for
the poor parishes in his neighbourhood. The present church
replaces an older one ; the parish has become almost depopulated,
it consists mainly of the Mansion House and its surroundings.

* Richard Phelip, of Charborough, by his will made in 1556, and proved
after his death in 1560, left elaborate instructions for alms to be distributed in
various parts of the county, also instructions to his e.xecutors to cause to be
said or sung for his soul, and the soul of his wife, and all Christian souls,
" dirige and commendacons and 30 masses on the day of his dissolution,"
and for si.x years afterwards. By a codicil to his will, dated l8th October,
1557, he directed his executor to give to eight of the poorest parish churches
next to Charborough and Montague " viii. chalices with patents of sylver of
the value of 4/. a pece." These testamentary directions were given a little
more than a year before the death of Queen Mary, and seem to show that the
smaller parishes had not been properly supplied with chalices after the " visi-
tations" in the time of Edward VI. The returns of these Commissioners,



CoRFE Mullen. — Chalice, Sin. in height; Paten, 6^in. diam. ;
Flagon, 9|in. high, all bearing hall marks of 1863-8, and inscribed
with the sacred monogram.

Hamworthy. — Chalice, S^in. in height ; Paten, 5iin. diam. ;
Alms-dish, loin. diam., inscribed with the sacred monogram, and
"The Gift of the Rev. M. Irving, D.D. Official 1826."

KiNSON (with Talbot Vill.a^ge.) — Chalice, 8|in. in height.
Paten, 5|in. diam. ; Alms-dish, S|in. diam. ; Flagon, 8|in. high ; all
inscribed with the sacred monogram, and on base, " The Gift of
Rev. J. Williams and Jane his wife. April 6, 1818."— At Talbot
Village, a richly-embossed Silver-gilt Chalice, loin. high, and
Paten, 45in. diam. Presented by Miss Gunning to " St. Saviour's
Church, Kinson Heath, A.D. 1873. Soli Deo Gloria." — At St.
John's, Heathland, a Chalice, 9in. high, and Paten, Sin. diam., in-
scribed with sacred monogram, purchased when the church was
opened in 1881 ; also a plated Chalice and Flagon.

Longfleet. — Chalice, 8^in. high ; Paten on foot, 6in. diam. ;
Flagon, loin. high: Alms-dish, Sin. diam.; all bearing the hall
marks of 1832-3. On the Flagon is inscribed, "The gift of
Frederick, Earl of Bessborough A.D. 1832, for the use of Park-
stone and Longfleet Church."

LiTCHET Matravers. — An Elizabethan Chalice with Paten
cover, of the usual type. Height, 65in., with cover, 75in. The
only mark found is the provincial one of ^ ^^^ both on

cup and cover. It has a single band *^ ^^ of mter-

secting foliated strap-work round the bowl, and egg and tongue
moulding at the base. — A Paten, 6|in. diam., inscribed with the

however, prove that nearly all the churches in his neighbourhood had a chalice
left to them in ISS^- The only e.xceptions are the two parishes of Corfe
Mullen and Winterborne Thompson, both close to Charborough ; neither of
these places is included in the Commissioners' return. The present plate at
Corfe Mullen is modern, and the chalice at Winterborne Thompson is of the
year 1646. The dates of the other chalices in this locality do not show any
evidence of their having been any part of Mr. Phelip's bequest. It may be
that, owing to the various changes of feeling in ecclesiastical matters which
took place soon after the accession of Elizabeth, the original intention of the
donor was never carried out. As Mr. Phelip mentions that "Montague,"
that is Montacute, near Yeovil, in Somerset, was to share his gift, it is pro-
bable that some of these chalices, if ever given, must be looked for in that
neighbourhood. Some particulars of this will are found in Hutchins' History
of Dorset, vol. iii., page 368.



125

sacred monogram and a legend. It was given by Rev. W. M.
Heath, in 1852. The parish still retains a large pewter Flagon
and plate, but these are no longer in use.

LiTCHET Minster. — Chalice, Sjin. high, inscribed with a
scripture and " The gift of Rev. M. Irving, D.D., Vicar and
Official of the Peculiar of Sturminster Marshall, to the Parochial
Chapelry of Lytchet Minster, 1857." — A Paten, 7fin. diam.
Presented to the Parish by Eleanor, Widow of the late Mr. David
Slade, 1857. — An Alms-dish, 7jin. diam., of the Victorian period;
also a plated Flagon, 11 fin. high.

East Morden. — Chalice, Sjin. in height, of plain bell shape,
of the year 1788. The remaining pieces are of pewter.

Parkstone. — The whole of the sacramental plate here is
modern, and generally of elaborate workmanship. Chalices — No.
I, 8iin. high, of good medieval pattern, bearing the Birmingham
assay mark of 1855. No. 2, loin. high, of foreign design and make,
the broad base and stem richly ornamented. The bowl is of smaller
size than is found in English chalices. No. 3, lofin. high, with the
London hall mark of 1877. This chalice is highly ornate, and is
decorated with precious stones ; the front of the base has a cross
of diamonds in place of the Crucifi.xion usually found on medieval
chalices. — Patens — No. i, 6in. diam. The hall mark apparently
1876. It has a raised rim, and is inscribed with the sacred
monogram. No. 2, a plain disc of silver-gilt, 6|in. diam., with
mark of 1872. No. 3, of similar shape, 7^in. diam., of the year
1859. — There are besides a Flagon, electro-plated; three brass
Alms-dishes ; an Altar Cross of brass and copper, 4ft. in height ;
another, 2ft. 8in. ; also two pairs of brass candlesticks, and one of
wood.

Poole. — The town of Poole was a port of considerable im-
portance in medieval times ; accordingly we find that in 1545 the
church of St. James possessed a large amount of Church goods.
From an inventory drawn up at that time* the following parti-
culars are extracted of the chalices alone then existing. This in-

* See Hutchins' History of Dorset, vol. I, p. 57.



126

ventory was probably made under some pressure from the King's
government ; the plate belonging to the monasteries and chantry
chapels had already been confiscated ; that of the parish churches
was not dealt with until the following reign.

" Md' that one the laste daye of Nowe'byre and in the xxxvij
yer of the rayne of kinge Henry the viij"', and in the yer of
oure lord God 1545, a invytory takyn owte of all jewellys
and ornements belongyng to the churche of Pole, in the
presens of Thomas Whyt the eldyr, then beyng mayr, Rychard
Havyland, Wyly'm Havyland, and Thomas Gylleford, then
beynge one of the churche wardens for y' yere. In primis

A gret chaless for the hye awter dowbull gylte.

It' a nother small chaless for the hye awter for eu'y daye.

It' mor i chales for seynt Gorges awter dowbull gylt.

It' mor i chales p'sell gyltt y' Richard Havylands preste
syrvyth w^^all.

It' mor y' daye i chales p'sell gyltt y' Thomas Whytts
preste syrvyth w"^all.

It' mor y' daye i chales p'sell gyltt y' sir Tailar syrvyth
w'^all.

Mid' y' Wylya' Bedylcome & Jamys Mesurer owt' ( ? owe)
a chales p'sell gyltt y' Wyll'm Mesewrer lost of the churche
when he was robbyd.

S'ma vij chales."

The next entry shows a very different state of things. It will
be seen in the Appendix that when the Commissioners of Edward
VI., in 1552, took inventories of the Church goods of the whole
county, Poole, with Wimborne and Canford, was not visited on
account of the plague then raging ;* but on Jan. gth, 7 Edward
VI. (1553), in a second Return made by the Commissioners,
there were reserved for the use of this church one chalice weighing
12 ounces, and two bells in the tower estimated to weigh 6 cwt.,



* Any epidemical disorder unusually fatal seems in early times to have been
called a " plague." According to Hutchins, Poole suffered a good deal in
this way. In 153S occurs, "John Batt y'^ yong' dyde of y' rayiiyng sicknes
the xviij day of December, joh'n P'kyns niayid dyde of y" plage the same
day," with numerous other entries of deaths from the plague or " rayuiiig
sicknes." It is alluded to by Thomas Hancock, the famous reforming minister
of Poole, in his autobiography. " The first plage was a warning too England,
which was the poslittg nuct, that posted from towne to towne throwghe
England, and was named slope gallant, for hytt spared none, for ther were
dawncyng in the cowrte at 9 a'clocke thatt were deadd or aleven a'clocke."
In the register of Uffculme, Devon, it is called " the hotte sicknesse, or stiip-
i'allant."



127

and that the remaining six bells had been sold " for the makyng
of buhvorks and dyches for the defence of the said towne by
direction of My Lord's grace at his being in Poole." This was
the Protector Somerset, whose connection, with the county arose
from his marriage with one of the heiresses of the Filiols of
Woodlands, near Cranborne, where he sometimes resided.
Another inventory of the Church goods of Poole was taken
before the Commissioners of Queen Elizabeth at Blandford in
November, 1559. The following are extracts from it: — " Goodes.
— Item one lytell challyce w"'out a cover, of sylver, weinge vj
ownces, w* servethe for the communyon table. One peare of
vestments of satten of Brydges (Bruges), and one cope of the
same. One crosse. One peare of sensers, and one shippe of
brasse. ij lynnen clothes w^'' servethe for the communyon table.
— Bookes, Item one massebook, one manuel, one grayle, and one
precessyonall. — Our images be all defaced and brente."

At the present time the plate at St. James' Church consists of a
Chahce of large size, i4in. high, with plain cylindrical bowl and
long stem. It bears the hall mark of 1743, and is inscribed, "To
the Church of Pool, by Sam'. Bowles 1743." There is a monu-
ment to Samuel Bowles in the church ; he died 1750, ast. 44. He
was of the family of Bowles of Shaftesbury.— Patens Nos. i and
2, 7^in. diam., on feet, with gadrooned edges. They bear the hall
marks of 1686, the maker's mark being I W, with what seems a
leather bottle or tun in base, as in O.E.P. under 1655. They
were presented at a later period, as they are inscribed, " The Gift
of M'^ Ann White to the church of Poole 1777." Above this is
the capital letter L., and on a lozenge. On a chevron three trefoils
slipped, or perhaps, three cross-croslets fitchee, between three deini-
lions rampant. — Paten No. 3, 8f in. diam., with foot ; it bears the
Britannia standard mark of 17 17, the maker's S L with a pellet in
base, for Gabriel Sleath. Underneath is scratched " Henry Price
& John Strong Churchwardens 1718." — Paten No. 4, loin. diam.,
with foot. Presented by the Mayor and burgesses of Poole to
the church, A.D. 1835. Robert Slade, Esq., Mayor. — A Flagon,
iiin. in height. It bears the hall mark of the Britannia standard
for 1 7 18, the maker's S L. On the drum is inscribed, "To the
Church in Poole, the guift of Joseph Bowles Churchwarden Anno
17 1 1 and 1712." The giver might have been the ancestor of the
donor of the chalice ; it could not, however, have been presented
till a few years later than the dates inscribed. At the bottom of



128

the flagon is engraved a bit of parish record rarely found in this
position, " Anno 171 1. The yew tree sett, the lead in both gutters
new cast, 2 new windoes therein made and the Church well
repaired, glazed, and cleaned under the direction of Joseph
Bowles. Sir William Phippard and Sir W'" Lewin gave ;!{^20
each." Both these knights were members of Parliament for Poole
about this time. A monument in the Church records that a
William Phippard, of this town, mariner, gave ;^4o towards
repairing and beautifying this church, A.D. 1695. — Alms-dish
No. I, iijin. diam., of salver form, with three claw feet, bearing
the hall mark apparently of 1731 ; it is inscribed " A Present to
the Church of S' James' Poole by Martha Widow of the late Rev"^
Samuel Fawconer, as their joint bequest 181 8." — Alms-dishes
Nos. 2 and 3, inscribed with the sacred monogram, also " Pre-
sented to the Town and County of Poole for the use of the
parish Church of S. James 4"" Nov. 1835. Rob' Slade Esq''
Mayor." — A Spoon, in the form of a perforated ladle, inscribed
"Watts and Anstey C.W 1774." The parish also possesses two
pewter Cups, 7^in. high, no longer in use.

Poole St. Paul's. — A Chalice, two Patens, and a Flagon, all
of electro-plate, and inscribed with the sacred monogram.

Sturminster Marshall. — This parish still possesses its
medieval Chahce, one of the three Dorset examples of pre-
Reformation plate still in use. Unfortunately it is not now quite
in its original state. The bowl and base are intact, but, at some
early period, the old stem has been replaced by a plainer one.
The present dimensions are, height, 6| inches ; diam. of bowl,
4jin. ; depth of bowl, 25in. ; diam. of base, 4|in. and 4^in. Both
bowl and foot carry three hall marks, viz., a Lombardic T for 1536,
the leopard's head crowned, and the maker's mark T W in a
shield. This maker's mark is also found on a Paten belonging to
St. Edmund's Church, Salisbury, of the date 1533. These two
pieces are remarkable in more ways than one ; they are the two
latest dated examples of church plate at present known in Eng-
land, made just on the eve of the Reformation. This maker's
mark, too, is the earliest example of any maker using two letters
of the alphabet for his name, instead of a symbol of some kind,
as his mark. Previous to this, and for some time later, it was
customary to use a sign, probably the same as that found on their



129



sign-boards, which usually indicated the house of the trader. The
general form of the Chalice, in its present state, will be seen by
the illustration given. There can be no doubt that the upper
portion of the present stem, although old, does not form any part
of the original work. The old stem was hexagonal ; this is indi-




Sturminster Marshall.



cated by the remains of some cresting, with baluster-shaped
buttresses round the upper part of the foot. When the present
circular stem was somewhat clumsily substituted for the older one,
the details of the old work at the junction were nearly obliterated,
but enough remains to show that the pattern was pretty much the
same as that found in a similar position on the chalices of Wylye,



13°

Wilts, and Trinity College, Oxford, which are dated 1525 and
1527. In order to show what, in all probability, the original
design of the Sturminster Marshall chalice was, a plate has been
added of the fine Wylye chalice. These illustrations are drawn to
different scales, but the actual size of both is the same, the addi-
tion of the black-letter legend engraved on the Wylye cup adds to
its richness. In both the Trinity and Wylye cases, at each angle
of the hexagon is found a baluster-shaped ornament, between
which is open battlemented arcading. In the present example,
owing to the semi-fused state of the metal, it is impossible to say
what the original decoration was between the balusters. The
existing stem and knot are plain and circular, the knot having a
cable moulding at the edge and at the junctions. A similar stem
is to be found in many other examples of the Elizabethan period
in the county, indeed it might very well have been, and probably
was, made by the Dorset maker who used the mark of the seven
roundles as his sign. This chalice must have been designedly
defaced, perhaps during the religious troubles of the i6th century,
as all the existing old parts are in sound condition. On the front
of the foot is engraved — The Crucifixion under an ogee arch,
I N R I over the cross, attendant figures of the Blessed Virgin
and St. John, with a skull and bones at foot of cross. There are
only four examples at present known of this particular type of
chalice, and they vary very slightly. Richard Phelip, Esq., of
Charborough, a large landowner in this neighbourhood, by his
will, made in 1556, left certain fields to the use of the parish of
Sturminster Marshall, besides other benefactions. He also, by a
codicil proved in 1560, left means for providing some of the
poorer parishes in his own locality with chalices and patens.
Some account of this will be found under the parish of Charborough.
It is quite possible that he may have given this very cup to
Sturminster, as the date of it is only some five and twenty years
before his death. — A second Chalice, yfin. in height, with the hall
marks of 1859, inscribed with a legend, and the A^^fius £>a' on
base. — Paten No. i, with foot, yin. diam. It is of the Britannia
standard of 1700, the maker's mark illegible; it has the sacred
monogram inscribed in the centre. — Paten No. 2, of similar shape.
Sin. diam., of the Britannia standard, the year mark 1717, the
maker's mark G A with a crown above and three pellets, all
within a circle, for William Gamble. In the centre is engraved,
within a circular shield with mantling, a coat of arms, A chevron




WVLYE, WILTS, 1525.



131

behcurn three leopard's faces, with a label for difference. Crest, A
griffin, 'd'ings elevated, for ^A'entworth." Above this is a Maltese
cross, within a circle of pellets, apparently put on at a later period.
The earldom of Strafford, extinct in 1695, was revived in 171 1 ;
some members of this, the Wentworth family, were resident at
Sturminster Marshall during the i8th century. The church-
wardens' books begin in 1723. Peter Wentworth, brother to the
earl, is found rated at 6s. F. T. Wentworth attended and signed
the vestry book 1785-6 and 7, at which last meeting he was
appointed churchwarden. In 1799 the vestry books are again
signed by him as " Strafford ;" he was the last earl, and died in
August of this year, and was buried in the parish church. There
are still preserved here, but no longer in use, an old pewter
Flagon ; also a small bowl of the same metal, formerly used to
carry the water, and be placed in the larger font, at the time of
baptism. An entry of the cost of this portable font is found in
the churchwardens' accounts as follows, in the true Dorset dia-
lect : " I 780 p* for A Bason to Care to the vant ^o is. 2d."

W.\REHAM. — It is gratifying to record the restoration to this
place of the early Chalice and Paten which had been alienated
from the parish many years ago. Lord A\'imborne, into whose
hands they had ultimately fallen, presented them to his brother,
Mr. Montague Guest. With considerate liberality, this gentle-
man, who was one of the last parliamentary representatives of the
borough of Wareham, gave them back to the Church for the use
they were originally intended for. The Chalice is Elizabethan,
of the usual type and ornamentation ; the hall mark is the small
black letter X for 1574, and the maker's mark a capital letter M
enclosed within a square shield. There is inscribed on the cup
the words " Lady S* Mary," showing to what church in Wareham
the chalice belonged. The Paten, restored at the same time, is
of plate form, and be;irs the hall mark of a capital black letter @
for 1662, the maker's mark R S with a mullet above and below,

* In all probability this engraving was done by the hand of Hogarth. He
was apprenticed to Mr. Gamble, silversmith, of Cranborne Alley, Leicester
Fields, " to that branch of the trade which consists in Krigraving Arms and
ciphers upon plate," and must have been so employed at this time. Hogarth
was evidently accustomed to the shape of chalices made in his own day. In
his picture of the " .Sleeping Congregation" he represents a chalice on the
communion table of precisely the hea\7 cumbrous form which prevailed early
in the last century.



132

within a heart-shaped shield. The other plate consists of two
Chalices, which correspond in shape and size, 7f in. in height ; one
bears the hall mark of 1822, the other 1842. — A Paten on foot,
5fin. diam., having the hall mark of 1690. — Another Paten, of
similar size and form, with the hall mark of 1724. — The Flagon is
electro-plated. — An Alms-dish, io|in. diam., inscribed " Elias
Dugdale, Robert Blacklock. Churchwardens. 1823."

The Church of St. Mary is practically the only one now ex-
isting at Wareham. It will be found in the Appendix that, at the
time of the visitation of the Commissioners of Edward VI. in
1552, there were three others, St. Martin's, St. Michael's, and
Holy Trinity, besides the annexed Chapel of Arne. All these


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Online LibraryJames Edward NightingaleThe church plate of the county of Dorset. With extracts from the returns of church goods by the Dorset commissioners of Edward VI. 1552 → online text (page 11 of 19)