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a duty to take it there 1 It is true, Friend Abraham White
and his partners had received back their money from the
insurers this fact Bridget remembered to have heard be
fore ehe left home; but those insurers, then, had their
claims. Now, the vessel was still sound and seaworthy.
Her upper works might require caulking, and her rigging
could not be of the soundest ; but, on the whole, the Ran
cocus was still a very valuable ship, and a voyage might
be made for her yet. The governor thought that could
she get her lower hold filled with sandal-wdod, and that
wood be converted into teas at Canton, as much would be
made as would render every one contented with the result
of the close of the voyage, disastrous as had been its com
mencement. Then Bridget would be of age shortly, when
she would become entitled to an amount of property that,
properly invested, would contribute largely to the wealth
and power of the colony, as well as to those of its governor.

In musing on all these plans, Mark had not the least
idea of abandoning the scheme*foRcolonizing. That was
dearer to him now than ever ; nevertheless, he saw obsta
cles to their execution. No one could navigate the ship
but himself; in truth, he was the only proper person to
carry her home, and to deliver her to her owners, whom
soever those might now be, and he could not conceal from
himself the propriety, as well as the necessity, of his going in
her himself. On the other hand, what might not be the con
sequences to the colony, of his absence for twelve months?
A less time than that would not suffice to do all that was
required to be done. Could he take Bridget with him, or
could he bear to leave her behind 1 Her presence might
be necessary for the disposal of the real estate of which
she was the mistress, while her quitting the colony might
be the signal for breaking it up altogether, under the im


pression that the two persons most interested in it would
never return.

Thus did the management of this whole matter become
exceedingly delicate. Heaton and Betts, and in the end
all the rest, were of opinion that the Rancocus ought to be
sent back to America, for the benefit of those to whom she
now legally belonged. Could she get a cargo, or any con
siderable amount of sandal-wood, and exchange it for teas
in Canton, the proceeds of these teas might make a very
sufficient return for all the outlays of the voyage, as well
as for that portion of the property which had been used by
the colonists. The use of this property was a very different
thing, now, from what it was when Mark and Betts had
every reason to consider themselves as merely shipwrecked
seamen. Then, it was not only a matter of necessity, but,
through that^iecessity, one of right ; but, now, the most
that could be said about it, was that it might be very con
venient. The principles of the colonists were yet too good
to allow of their deceiving themselves on this subject. They
had, most of them, engaged with the owners to take care
of this property, and it might be questioned, if such a wreck
had ever occurred as to discharge the crew. The rule in
such cases we believe to be, that, as seamen have a lien on
the vessel for their wages, when that lien ceases to be of
value, their obligations to the ship terminate. If the Ran
cocus could be carried to America, no one belonging to her
was yet legally exonerated from his duties.

After weighing all these points, it was gravely and
solemnly declared that an effort should first be made to get
the ship out of her present duresse, and that the question
of future proceedings should then be settled in another
council. In the mean time, further and more valuable
presents were to be sent to both Ooroony and Waally, from
the stores of beads, knives, axes, &-c., that were in the ship,
with injunctions to them to get as much sandal-wood as was
possible cut, and to have it brought down to the coast.
Betts was to carry the presents, in the .Neshamony, ac
companied by Jones, who spoke the language, when he was
to return and aid in the work upon the vessel.

The duty enjoined in these decisions was commenced
without delay. Heaton and Unus were left at the Peak, as


usual, to look after things in that quarter, and to keep the
mill from being idle, while all the rest of the men returned
to the Reef, and set about the work on the ship. The first
step taken was to send down all the spars and rigging that
remained aloft ; after which everything was got up out of
the hold, and rolled, or dragged ashore. Of cargo, strictly
speaking, the Rancocus had very little in weight, but she
had a great many water-casks, four or five times as many as
would have been put into her in an ordinary voyage. These
casks had all been filled with fresh water, to answer the
double purpose of a supply for the people, and as ballast
for the ship. When these casks were all got on deck,
and the water was started, it was found that the vessel
floated several inches lighter than before. The sending
ashore of the spars, sails, rigging, lumber, provisions, &c.,
produced a still further effect, and, after carefully comparing
the soundings, and the present draught of the vessel, the
governor found it would be necessary to lift the last only
eight inches, to get her out of her natural dock. This
result greatly encouraged the labourers, who proceeded with
renewed spirit. As it would be altogether useless to over
haul the rigging, caulk decks, &c., unless the ship could
be got out of her berth, everybody worked with that end
in view at first. In the course of a week, the water-casks
were under her bottom, and it was thought that the vessel
would have about an inch to spare. A gale having blown
in the water, and a high tide coming at the same time, the
governor determined to try the experiment of crossing the
barrier. The order came upon the men suddenly, for no
one thought the attempt would be made, until the ship was
lifted an inch or two higher. But Mark saw what the wind
had been doing for them, and he lost not a moment. The
vessel was moved, brought head to her course, and the
lines were hauled upon. Away went the Rancocus, which
was now moved for the first time since the eruption !

Just as the governor fancied that the ship was going
clear, she struck aft. On examination it was found that
her heel was on a knoll of the rock, and that had she been
a fathom on either side of it, she would have gone clear.
The hold, however, was very slight, and by getting two of
the anchors to the cat-heads, the vessel was canted Buffi-


ciently to admit of her passing. Then came cheers for
success, and the cry of " walk away with her !" That
same day the Rancocus was hauled alongside of the Reef,
made fast, and secured just as she would have been at her
own wharf, in Philadelphia.

? Now the caulkers began their part of the job. When
caulked and scraped, she was painted, her rigging was
overhauled and got into its places, the masts and yards
were sent aloft, and all the sails were overhauled. A tier
of casks, filled with fresh water, was put into her lower
hold for ballast, and all the stores necessary for the voyage
were sent on board her. Among other things overhauled
were the provisions. Most of the beef and pork was con
demned, and no small part of the bread ; still, enough re
mained to take the ship's company to a civilized port. So
reluctant was the governor to come to the decision con
cerning the crew, that he even bent sails before a council
was again convened. But there was no longer any good
excuse for delay. Betts had long been back, and brought
the report that the sandal-wood was being hauled to the
coast in great quantities, both factions working with right
good will. In another month the ship might be loaded and
sail for America.

To the astonishment of every one, Bridget appeared in
the council, and announced her determination to remain
behind, while her husband carried the ship to her owners.
She saw and felt the nature of his duty, and could consent
to his performing it to the letter. Mark was quite taken
by surprise by this heroic and conscientious act in his
young wife, and he had a great struggle with himself on
the subject of leaving her behind him. Heaton, however,
was so very prudent, and the present relations with their
neighbours neighbours four hundred miles distant were
so amicable, the whole matter was so serious, and the duty
so obvious, that he finally acquiesced, without suffering his
doubts to be seen.

The next thing was to select a crew. The three men
who had declined becoming citizens of the colony, John
son, Edwards, and Bright, all able seamen, went as a matter
of course. Betts would have to go in the character of
mate, though Bigelow might hare got along in that capa-


city. Betts knew nothing of navigation, while Bigelonf
might find his way into port on a pinch. On the other
hand, Betts was a prime seaman a perfect long-cue, in
fact whereas the most that could be said of Bigelow,
in this respect, was that he was a stout, willing fellow, and
was much better than a raw hand. The governor named
Betts as his first, and Bigelow as his second officer. Brown
remained behind, having charge of the navy in the gover
nor's absence. He had a private interview with Mark r
however, in which he earnestly requested that the governor
would have the goodness " to pick out for him the sort of
gal that he thought would make a fellow a good and virtu
ous wife, and bring her out with him, in whatever way he
might return." Mark made as fair promises as the cir
cumstances of the case would allow, and Brown was satis

It was thought prudent to have eight white men on board
the ship, Mark intending to borrow as many more of
Ooroony's people, to help pull and haul. With such a
crew, he thought he might get along very well. Wattles
chose to remain with his friend Brown ; but Dickinson and
Harris, though ready and willing to return, wished to sail
in the ship. Like Brown, they wanted wives, but chose to
select them for themselves. On this subject Wattles said
nothing. We may add here, that Unus and Juno were
united before the ship sailed. They took up land on the
Peak, where Unns erected for himself a very neat cabin.
Bridget set the young couple up, giving the furniture, a
pig, some fowls, and other necessaries.

At length the day for sailing arrived. Previously to de
parting, Mark had carried the ship through thf channel,
and she was anchored in a very good and safe roadstead,
outside of everything. The leave-taking took fPace on
board her. Bridget wept long in her hnsband's arras, but
finally got so far the command of herself, as to aswtme an
air of encouraging firmness among the *rth*r wonae*-. By
this time, it was every way so obvious Mark's presence
would be indispensable in America, tb*t his absenc i was
regarded as a necessity beyond control Sf ill, it wa* hard
to part for a year, nor was the last e*r l ">c*! entirel* free
from anguish. Friend Martha Betts te'-fc te-vre of Fvien$


Robert with a great appearance of calmness, though she
felt the separation keenly. A quiet, warm-hearted woman,
she had made her husband very happy ; and Bob was quite
sensible of her worth. But to him the sea was a home,
and he regarded a voyage round the world much as a
countryman would look upon a trip to market. He saw
his wife always in the vista created by his imagination, but
she was at the end of the voyage.

At the appointed hour, the Rancocus sailed, Brown and
Wattles going down with her in the Neshamony as far as
Betto's group, in order to bring back the latest intelligence
of her proceedings. The governor now got Ooroony to
assemble his priests and chiefs, arid to pronounce a taboo
on all intercourse with the whites for one year. At the
end of that time, he promised to return, and to bring with
him presents that should render every one glad to welcome
him back. Even Waally was included in these arrange
ments ; and when Mark finally sailed, it was with a strong
hope that in virtue of the taboo, of Ooroony's power, and
of his rival's sagacity, he might rely on the colony's meet
ing with no molestation during his absence. The reader
will see that the Peak and Reef would be in a very de
fenceless condition, were it not for the schooner. By
means of that vessel, under the management of Brown, as
sisted by Wattles, Socrates and Unus, it is true, a fleet of
canoes might be beaten off; but any accident to the Abra
ham would be very likely to prove fatal to the colony, in the
event of an invasion. Instructions were given to Heaton
to keep the schooner moving about, and particularly to
make a trip as often as once in two months, to Ooroony's
country, in order to look after the state of things there.
The pretence was to be trade beads, hatchets, and old
iron being taken each time, in exchange for sandal-wood;
but the principal object was to keep an eye on the move
ments, and to get an insight into the policy, of the savages

After taking in a very considerable quantity of sandaf
wood, and procuring eight active assistants from Ooroony
the Rancocus got under way for Canton. By the Nesfta
mony, which saw her into the offing, letters were sent back
to the Reef, when the governor squared away for his oort
At the end of fifty days, the ship reached Canton, where a


speedy and excellent sale was made of her cargo. So very
lucrative did Mark make this transaction, that, finding
himself with assets after filling up with teas, he thought
himself justified in changing his course of proceeding. A
small American brig, which was not deemed fit to double
the capes, and to come on a stormy coast, was on sale.
She could run several years in a sea as mild as the Pacific,
and Mark purchased her for a song. He put as many
useful things on board her as he could find, including seve
ral cows, &.c. Dry English cows were not difficult to
find, the shijjs from Europe often bringing out the animals,
and turning them off when useless. Mark was enabled to
purchase six, which, rightly enough, he thought would
prove a great acquisition to the colony. A plentiful sup
ply of iron was also provided, as was ammunition, arms,
and guns. The whole outlay, including the cost of the
vessel, was less than seven thousand dollars; which sum
Mark knew he should receive in Philadelphia, on account
of the personal property of Bridget, and with which he
had made up his mind to replace the proceeds of the san
dal-wood, thus used, did those interested exact it. As for
the vessel, she sailed like a witch, was coppered and cop
per-fastened, but was both old and weak. She had quar
ters, having been used once as a privateer, and mounted
ten sixes. Her burthen was two hundred tons, and her
name the Mermaid. The papers were all American, and
in perfect rule.

The governor might not have made this purchase, had it
not been for the circumstance that he met an old acquaint
ance in Canton, who had got married in Calcutta to a
pretty and very well-mannered English girl a step that
lost him his berth, however, on board a Philadelphia ship.
Saunders was two or three years Mark's senior, and of an
excellent disposition and character. When he heard the
history of the colony, he professed a desire to join it, en
gaging to pick up a crew of Americans, who were in his
own situation, or had no work on their hands, and to take the
brig to the Reef. This arrangement was made and carried
out; the Mermaid sailing for the crater, the day before the
Rancocus left for Philadelphia, having Bigelow on board
as pilot and first officer ; while Woolston shipped an officer


to supply his place. The two vessels met in the China
seas, and passed a week in company, when each steered
her course; the governor quite happy in thinking that he
had made this provision for the good of his people. The
arrival of the Mermaid would be an eventful day in the
colony, on every account ; and, the instructions of Saun-
ders forbidding his quitting the islands until the end of the
year, her presence would be a great additional means of

It is unnecessary for us to dwell on the passage of the
Rancocus. In due time she entered the capes of the
Delaware, surprising all interested with her appearance.
Friend Abraham White was dead, and the firm dissolved.
But the property had all been transferred to the insurers
by the payment of the amount underwritten, and Mark
made his report at the office. The teas were sold to great
advantage, and the whole matter was taken fairly into con
sideration. After deducting the sum paid the firm, prin
cipal and interest, the insurance company resolved to give
the ship, and the balance of the proceeds of the sale, to
Captain Woolston, as a reward for his integrity and pru
dence. Mark had concealed nothing, but stated what he
had done in reference to the Mermaid, and told his whole
story with great simplicity, and with perfect truth. The
result was, that the young man got, in addition to the ship,
which was legally conveyed to him, some eleven thousand
dollars in hard money. Thus was honesty shown to be the
best policy !

It is scarcely necessary to say that his success made
Mark Woolston a great man, in a small way. Not only
was he received with open arms by all of his own blood;
but Dr. Yardley now relented, and took him by the hand.
A faithful account was rendered of his stewardship ; and
Mark received as much ready money, on account of his
wife, as placed somewhat more than twenty thousand dol
lars at his disposal. With this money he set to work, with
out losing a day, to make arrangements to return to Bridget
and the crater ; for he always deemed that his proper abode,
in preference to the Peak. In this feeling, his charming
wife coincided ; both probably encouraging a secret inte-


rest in the former, in consequence of the solitary hoars
that had been passed there by the young husband,
his anxious partner was far away.


" There is no gloom on earth, for God above

Chastens in love;
Transmuting sorrows into golden joy

Free from alloy.

His dearest attribute is still to bless,
And man's most welcome hymn is grateful cheerfulness."


THE mode of proceeding now required great caution on
the part of Mark Woolston. His mind was fully made up
not to desert his islands, although this might easily be
done, by fitting out the ship for another voyage, filling her
with sandal-wood, and bringing off all who chose to aban
don the place. But Woolston had become infatuated with
the climate, which had all the witchery of a low latitude
without any of its lassitude. The sea-breezes kept the
frame invigorated, and the air reasonably cool, even at the
Reef; while, on the Peak, there was scarcely ever a day,
in the warmest months, when one could not labour at noon.
In this respect the climate did not vary essentially from
that of Pennsylvania, the difference existing in the fact that
there was no winter in his new country. Nothing takes
such a hold on men as a delicious climate. They may not
be sensible of all its excellencies while in its enjoyment,
but the want of it is immediately felt, and has an influence
on all their pleasures. Even the scenery-hunter submits
to this witchery of climate, which casts a charm over the
secondary beauties of nature, as a sweet and placid temper
renders the face of woman more lovely than the colour of
a kin, or the brilliancy of fine eyes. The Alps and the
Apennines furnish a standing proof of the trutn of thia


fact. As respects grandeur, a startling magnificence, and
all that at first takes the reason, as well as the tastes, by
surprise, the first are vastly in advance of the last ; yet, no
man of feeling or sentiment, probably ever dwelt a twelve
month amid each, without becoming more attached to the
last. We wonder at Switzerland, while we get to love
Italy. The difference is entirely owing to climate ; for, did
the Alps rise in a lower latitude, they would be absolutely

But Mark Woolston had no thought of abandoning the
crater and the Peak. Nor did he desire to people them at
random, creating a population by any means, incorporating
moral diseases in his body politic by the measures taken to
bring it into existence. On the contrary, it was his wish,
rather, to procure just as much force as might be necessary
to security, so divided in pursuits and qualities as to con
duce to comfort and civilization, and then to trust to the
natural increase for the growth that might be desirable in
the end. Such a policy evidently required caution and
prudence. The reader will perceive that governor Wool
ston was not influenced by the spirit of trade that is now
so active, preferring happiness to wealth, and morals to

Among Woolston's acquaintances, there was a young
man of about his own age, of the name of Pennock, who
struck him as a person admirably suited for his purposes.
This Pennock had married very young, and was already
the father of three children. He began to feel the pressure
of society, for he was poor. He was an excellent farmer,
accustomed to toil, while he was also well educated, having
been intended for one of the professions. To Pennock
Mark told his story, exhibited his proofs, and laid bare his
whole policy, under a pledge of secresy, offering at the
same time to receive his friend, his wife, children, and two
unmarried sisters, into the colony. After taking time to
reflect and to consult, Pennock accepted the offer as frank
ly as it had been made. From this time John Pennock
relieved the governor, in a great measure, of the duty of
selecting the remaining emigrants, taking that office on
himself. This allowed Mark to attend to his purchases,
and to getting the ship ready for sea. Two of his own


brothers, however, expressed a wish to join the new com
munity, and Charles and Abraham Woolston were received
in the colony lists. Half-a-dozen more were admitted, by
means of direct application to the governor himself, though
the accessions were principally obtained through the nego
tiations and measures of Pennock. All was done with
great secrepy, it being Mark's anxious desire, on many ac
counts, not to attract public attention to his colony.

The reasons were numerous and sufficient for this wish
to remain unknown. In the first place, the policy of re
taining the monopoly of a trade that must be enormously
profitable, was too obvious to need any arguments to sup
port it. So long as the sandal-wood lasted, so long would
it be in the power of the colonists to coin money ; while
it was certain that competitors would rush in, the moment
the existence of this mine of wealth should be known.
Then, the governor apprehended the cupidity and ambition
of the old-established governments, when it should be
known that territory was to be acquired. It was scarcely
possible for man to possess any portion of this earth by a
title better than that with which Mark Woolston was in
vested with his domains. But, what is right compared to
might! Of his native country, so abused in our own times
for its rapacity, and the desire to extend its dominions by
any means, Mark felt no apprehension. Of all the power
ful nations of the present day, America, though not abso
lutely spotless, has probably the least to reproach herself
with, on the score of lawless and purely ambitious acqui
sitions. Even her conquests in open war have been few,
and are not yet determined in character. In the end, it
will be found that little will be taken that Mexico could
keep ; and had that nation observed towards this, ordinary
justice and faith, in her intercourse and treaties, that which
has so suddenly and vigorously been done, would nevei
have even been attempted.

It may suit the policy of those who live under the same
system, to decry those who do not; but men are not so
blind that they cannot see the sun at noon-day. One na
tion makes war because its consul receives the rap of a
fan ; and men of a different origin, religion and habits, are
coerced into submission as the consequence. Another


aation burns towns, and destroys their people in thousands,
because their governors will not consent to admit a poison
ous drug into their territories ; an offence against the laws
of trade that can only be expiated by the ruthless march
of the conqueror. Yet the ruling men of both these com

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