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LIST OF INITIALS AND TAIL-PIECES

Page 24 Primrose Falls, Fall Creek, Cornell University Campus.

Page 25 Coy's Glen near Ithaca: upper falls.

Page 59 Lake Temagami, Ontario, Canada.

Page 76 A "carry" between lakes.

Page 77 Buttermilk Creek near Ithaca.

Page 88 On the Apalachicola.

Page 89 Pond in the Montezuma Marshes, Central New York.

Page 99 Six Mile Creek near Ithaca.

Page 100 A spray of Buttonbush.

Page 158 Water Shamrock and Water Spider.

Page 242 Pool at foot of Primrose Falls, Fall Creek.

Page 281 Maligne Lake, British Columbia. (Photo by J. C. Bradley.)

Page 282 Coy's Glen at the mouth.

Page 293 Gorge of Six Mile Creek near Ithaca.

Page 314 Williams Brook, near the Cornell U. Biol. Field Station.

Page 315 The Staircase Falls, Coy's Glen.

Page 375 Sunfish swimming. Photo by Dr. R. W. Shufeldt.

Page 377 Duck Creek, near Cincinnati, Ohio.

Page 379 Shocked Cat-tail Flags on the Montezuma Marsh.

Page 401 Lowermost fall of Buttermilk Creek near Ithaca.



PAGE

aborigines 382

acids, humous 95, 96, 348

Acilius 333

Acorus 157

Acroperus harpae 300, 301

adaptations 260, 274, 277

Adineta 299

adjustment 248, 261

adjustments, individual 242

mutual 242, 282

adjustability to waves 319

aeration 73

Agassiz, Louis 19

Agraylea 216

agriculture 379, 402

agricultural crops 404

air-breathing 231

air-chambers 275, 277

air-spaces 265, 271

air-tubes 279

albumins 48

alder 158, 351, 352

ale-wives 232, 373

algae, 26, 28, 29, 45, 46, 72,

IOO, IOI, IO2, 110, 119, 137,

144, 145, 151, 169, 180, 181,

183, 189, 217, 220, 223, 295,

296, 301, 302, 304, 307, 311,

322, 391, 345, 356, 362, 373,

390, 395

algae, "blanket" 336, 345, 399

blue-green

109, 132, 297, 302, 326
filamentous blue-green 296, 310

brown 135, 136

fresh water 101

free-swimming 28, 339

gelatinous 101

green 124, 129, 299, 302

filamentous green 124

plancton 50, 244, 392

protococcoid green 318

lime-secreting 50

marine 135

of ponds 335

red 135, 136

120, 126, 336



PAGE

algae, siphon 121

44 slime-coat 335

tufted 112, 126

" unicellular 112, 126

Allen, Arthur A 95, 342

Alismaceae 156

Alisma 334

alligators 238

Ambystoma tigrinum 237, 342

ammonia 25, 48, 49, 140

Amoeba 159

amphibians. . . 148, 231, 236, 237, 337

Amphipoda 189, 191, 341

Amphizoidae 224

Anabaena 132, 133, 295, 296, 297,
35, 3 8 , 392

Anacharis 155

Anapus 299

Anax. . 155, 341, 389

junius 196

Ancylus 182, 260, 370, 373

Andromeda 157, 350

angling 407

animalcules 295

animal forage 387, 399

animal husbandry 384, 400, 408

animals, hoofed 312

animals, limpet-shaped 260

animal life of marshes 345

animal population 324

animals, warm-blooded 273

Ankistrodesmus falcatus 129

setigerus. . .129, 131

Anodonta 180, 288, 290

edentula 324

" grandis 324

imbecillus 288

antennae 185, 189, 247, 251, 312

Anthomyid fly 359

Anthophysa 162

Anthony, Maude H 214, 215

Anuraea 299, 300, 303

Aphanizomenon 297, 304, 392

apical buds 154, 138

Appalachian hills 60

applied science 21

Apsilus 299



421



422



Index



PAGE

Apus 184, 263, 318

aquaria 165, 170

aquatic animals 180

bryophytes 148

" carnivores 327

caterpillars. . . .219, 220, 398

" collecting 19

Diptera 346

environment 25

" fernworts 149

herbivores 190, 396

" insects 158, 195, 276

larvae 236

locomotion 273

mammals. . 158, 241, 270, 273

microscopy 19

organisms 99, 389

resources 412

rodents 153

seed-plants 151, 307

" societies 282, 293

aquatics, broad-leaved 154

emergent 151,321,334,339,

341

floating 334, 339

rooted 334

submerged 94, 115, 321, 339

" surface 321,334

Arcella 159, 160, 299

armor 246

armor, chitinous 183, 251

aroids 157

arrow-heads . .272, 334, 345, 380, 405

Arthropods 183

arum, arrow . . . 1 57, 32 1 , 334, 380, 405

Asclepias mcarnata 345

Asellus 190, 191, 192, 253, 340

aspens 378

Asplanchna 248, 299

Asterionella in, 114, 245, 297, 303,
305, 308

Atax crassipes 301

Azolla 150, 151, 153, 282, 334

Bacillus 140

bacillus, typhoid 141

back-swimmers 211, 276

bacteria 20, 48, 100, 139, 141, 296,

3 1

chromogemc 140

iron 142



PAGE

bacteria nitrifying 140

sulfur 143

bacterial jelly 140

Baetis 360

balancers 370

Baltic 18

barometric pressure 73

barrier reefs 73

bars, building of 85

basins 59, 65, 67, 71, 356

bass 233,291,399

Batrachospermum 136

bayous 169, 334

bays 307

beach 73, 81

beaver 241, 274, 377, 378

beetles 195, 220, 275, 276, 277, 281,
3i8, 346

beetles, adult 338

diving 221, 222, 275, 276

gyrating 407

Parnid 260, 359, 367

riffle 224, 259

whirl-i-gig 221, 338

Beggiatoa 142, 143

Belostoma 211

Benacus 210,211, 212,276

Betten, Cornelius 258

bicarbonates 51

Bidessus 333

Biological Field Stations, Ameri-
can 7o,7i

Biological Field Station, Cornell

University, 65, 87, 95, 266, 330,



335. 397
>., FJ'



Biological Lab., Fairport 23, 79, 291

birches 378

birds 231, 239, 249, 390

Birge, E. A., 36, 37, 38, 43, 44, 46, 47,
51, 53, 65, 66, 72, 263,
304, 306, 310, 391

bitterling 292

bittern 342

bivalve 180, 185, 288

blackbird, red- winged 342

black-fly 227, 264

bladders 265, 284

bladderworts, 155, 264, 271, 272, 283,
284,285,286,319,405

blanket-moss 120

Blasturus. 120, 345, 398

Blepharoceridae 228



Index



423



PAGE

Blepharocera 259, 367

bloodworms, 106, 250, 254, 279, 280,
3io, 394, 395, 398

blubber 273

bog cover 348, 349, 350, 351

bog-moss. .89, 145, 146, 147, 348, 349

bog-pond 352

bog-pools 129

bogs, 53, 89, 90, 94, 95, 115, 146, 149,

152,155,348,351

bogs, climbing 94

bogs, peat 117

bogs, sphagnum 52, 64, 157

bogs, upland 156

Bosmina . . 185, 248, 249, 301 , 328, 329

Botryococcus 129, 299

Botrydium 121

bottom, false 54

bottom herbage 334

bottom-lands, alluvial 67

bottom, black muck 115

bottom mud, 95, 106, 133, 154,243,252
bottom ooze. . .48, 159, 181, 191, 235

bottom population 327

bottom slime 133

bottom sprawlers 254, 340

Boyeria 360

Brachionus 178, 179, 299

Brachycentrus 363, 364, 366

brambles 351

Branchiopods. . .183, 184, 185, 263

Brasenia 334

Brinton, D. G 409

bristles 246, 248

brood-chamber 187, 267, 288

brood-pouch 190, 191, 393

Brook, Lick, Ithaca 317

" Williams, Ithaca 358

brooks 77, 81, 167, 170, 333, 356

Bryophytes 146

Bryozoans, 166, 169, 247, 266, 269,

325, 332, 335, 34i

buck-bean 345

buds, over- wintering 264

buffalo gnat 364

bugs 210, 277

bullheads 345, 388

bull-frogs 14, 236

bulrush .319, 334, 343

buoyancy, of organisms 243, 247

bur-reed 156, 157, 323, 334, 343, 346

burrowing 251, 254, 257, 314, 316

burrows 254, 255



PAGE

burs 272

buttons, pearl 382, 383

Bythotrephes 301

Caddis-flies, 195, 197, 200, 214, 2 1 8,

258, 260, 280, 283, 341,

345, 36o, 361, 363, 370

Caddis-worms, 14, 84, 197, 198, 257,

258, 260, 262, 279, 280,

340, 341, 357, 359, 360,

362, 363, 365, 370, 37i.

372, 373, 388, 398

Caenis. . .205, 253, 340, 345, 388, 398

Calcium salts 52

Caledonia shrimp 393

calla 157

Callibaetis 341, 396, 397, 398

Calyculina 341

Cambarus bartoni 193

Campanula aparinoides 344

Campus, Cornell University .... 42

Campylodiscus in, 115

Canthocamptus 188, 301

canvas-backs 240

capillarity 97

Carabidae 221

carapace 184, 192, 251

carbonates 50, 51

carbon consumption 44

carbon dioxide 43, 44, 45, 50, 51, 72,

139

Carices 157

carnivores, 18,171,209,222,241,282
283,312,318,374,390,397

carp 233, 234, 235, 384, 399

Carteria 103, 104, 306

Cassandra 157, 350

cases, cylindric, of sand 341

limpet-shaped 261

portable 371

" stone-ballasted 371

Castalia odorata 334, 382

cataract 101

caterpillars 257

catfish 232, 233, 289, 291

cat-tail flag ....91,92,156,321,333,
334,343,355,357,380,381

cat-tail, narrow-leaved 381

celery, wild 240

Celithemis 340

cells, aggregated 104, 131, 254

association of 133

" chlorophyl-bearing . ... 147, 349



424



Index



PAGE

cells, cortical 138

division of. . .112, 117, 121, 122

flagellate 295, 305

internodal 138

multinucleate 131

rectangular blocks of 149

reproductive 12

reservoir 146, 147, 349

sex 105, 139, 151, 250

cellulose 139

cell wall 123

Ceratium 103, 108, 248, 296, 302, 305,

308, 337
Ceratophyllum 134, 154, 155, 321, 334

Ceratopogon 279

Cercaria 174

Ceriodaphnia 267, 268, 269, 301

Cestodes 174

Cetacea 273

Chaetogaster 173

Chaetonotus 164, 165, 166

Chaetophora. . 126, 127, 182, 336, 338
chamber, respiratory . .250, 252, 253

Chamot, E. M 79

Channels 59, 77, 89

Chantransia 81, 136

Chara 52, 137, 138, 139, 3*9, 322, 334,
352

Characeae 101, 137

Chauliodes 213

chemical analysis 48

Chirocephalus 184, 263, 318

Chironomidae 225

Chironomous 228, 257, 280, 329, 330,
332, 336, 340, 34 1 , 393,
394, 395, 396

Chirotenetes .259, 364, 366

Chlamydomonas 104

Chlamydothrix 141, 142

Chloroperla. . 203, 278

chlorophyl no, 119, 125, 139, 265,
271, 296

Cholera spirillum 141

Chrosomus erythrogaster 394

Chrysops 230

ChydorusiSs, 300, 301, 303, 305,



310,326

>ulb"



Cicuta bulbif era 345

cilia 160, 170, 246, 250

ciliates 246, 282, 327

circulation periods 35, 37, 46

Cladocera 185

Cladocerans 185, 300, 301, 303, 304,
312



PAGE

Cladophora 81, 112, 125, 126, 136,
322, 336, 362

Gladothrix 142

clams 1 80

Clathrocystis 297, 304, 305, 308

Climacia 214

climate 294

Closterium 117,119

Clupea pseudoharengus 232

coastal plain 93

coats, chitinous 266

Cocconeis 115

Cocconema in, 115

Coccus 140

cocoon 213

Coelambus 333

Coelastrum 129, 130

Coelenterates 163

Coelosphaerium 132, 133, 297

Coleochaete 128

Coleoptera 195, 220, 279

colonies dendritic 246

discoid 245

expanded 245

radiate 245

spherical 104, 107, 245

Colurus 299

conjugation 121

Conjugates, filamentous. . . . 119, 126

conjugates 263, 299

Conferva 124, 126, 299, 336

Conochilus 177, 249

conservation 21, 412

control, methods of 399

coots 342

Copepods 183, 1 88, 189, 200, 246,
263, 301, 303, 325, 328

Coptotomus 214, 335

Cordulegaster 360

Corethra 108, 301, 310, 329

Corixa 201, 276

Corydalis 213, 214

Cosmarium 119

Cothurnia 161, 162, 332

crabs 183, 192

crabs, horse-shoe 184

cranberry 348, 349, 350

craneflies . 229, 277, 339, 346, 358, 360
crawfishes 175, 191, 192, 252, 340,
342, 390

creeks 77

Creek, Fall, Ithaca 330

Crenothrix 142

Cristatella 169



Index



425



PAGE

crops, diversifying of 403

crowfoots 156, 271

Crucigenia 129, 130

Crustacea 183, 189, 192, 193, 301. 302

Crustaceans 20, 45, 52, 161, 183,

187, 251, 253, 285, 299,

304, 318, 340, 345, 382,

383, 399

Culex 280, 329

Culicidae 227

current 83,85,356

current meter 86, 319

currents, conduction 31

convection 31, 38, 292

descending 36

Curtis, W. T 290

cuticle 271

Cyanophyceae 132

Cybister 275

Cyclops 188, 189, 244, 263, 301, 303,
305,310,311,312

Cyclotella 112, 114, 299

Cylindrocystis 1 16, 119

Cyperus diandrus 207

Cypripedium 351

Cypris . : 188

cyst 289, 290, 291, 292

Dace 374

Dachnowski's diagram 352

damselflies 195, 207, 279, 280, 281,

332, 341, 346

Daphne 185, 186, 248, 301, 306, 309,
312, 391

Daphnia 285, 292, 303, 304, 306

darters, least 231, 233

darters 250, 259, 362, 374

Darwin, Charles 17, 18, 283, 285

Decapoda 191

Decodon 354

decomposition 48

defense 251

deltas 60, 65

Delta of Mississippi 67

Dero 173, I74257

desiccation 316,318

Desmidium 117

desmids5i 52, 53, 116, 117, 119,
121, 144, 263

Diaphanosoma 301, 304

Diaptomus 101, 188, 189, 301, 303,

305, 3ii

Diatoma 115, 245, 297



PAGE

diatomaceous earths no

diatomaceous ooze 86

diatoms 29, 53, 81, 84, 101, 109, no,
115, 144, 183, 189, 206, 217,
248, 297, 302, 303, 305, 311,
362, 387, 394, 395, 399

diatoms, colonial 391

epiphytic 115

needle 112

sessile 395

slime-coat 322, 336

"white-cross" in

diatom rakes 373

Dictyosphaerium 129

Dicranomyia 359

Didymops 340

Difflugia 159, 257, 299, 303

Diglena 299

Dinobryan 101, 106, 107, 246, 296,
303, 308, 310, 337

Dmochans 299

Diptera 195, 224, 337

Diptera, aquatic 225

blood-sucking 227

discs, attachment 171

respiratory 230

sucking 228

dissolved colloids 54

distribution 266, 322, 339, 389

distribution, vertical 310, 324

ditches 133, 152, 169, 345

ditch-grass 71

Diurella 299

divers 239, 241

divers, pearl 30

Dixa 329

dobsons 213

Docidium 119

dogwood 351

Dolomedes 346

Donacia 337, 346

Dorosoma 399

dragonflies 195, 197, 207, 254, 280,
332, 340, 341, 356, 389 407

drainage 402

Draparnaldia 124, 128

Droseraceae 156

Drosera 283

drouth 97

Dryops 370

duckmeat 149, 161,240

ducks 239, 240, 342

duckweeds. . . 150, 153, 272, 321, 334



426



Index



PAGE

Dudley's Cayuga Flora 151

dwelling-tubes of midge larvae

335, 336, 365

Dytiscidae 222, 346

Dytiscus 221, 222, 276, 280, 333

Ears, external 274

earthworms 310

economic progress 399

eel-grass 90, 153, 319, 334

egg-parasites 195

of amphibians 237

of Benacus 211

of crawfishes 192

drouth-resisting 318

of fishes 233

of leeches 176

of pike 400

of salamander 342

of snails 335

of Triaenodes 218

summer 266, 267

winter 266, 267, 268, 269

Ehrenberg no

Eleocharis 334

Elmis 359, 370

Elodea 155

Elophila 220, 260, 272

Embody, George C 191, 388

Enallagma 337

Engler 143

encasement 263

Encyonema in, 112

encystment 263, 289, 290, 304, 310,

3i6, 361

Entomostraca 85, 114, 183, 184, 188,
193, 302, 304, 309, 310,
312, 388, 390, 398

Entomostracans 20, 52, 217, 341

Epeorus 370

Ephemera 255

Ephemerella 340, 370

Ephemerida 195, 205

ephippium 268, 269

epidermis 271

epilimnion 37

epiphytes 139

Epischura 301

Epistylis 161

Epithemia 115

Eriocera 256

Eriophorum 351

erosion 57, 60, 68



PAGE

Estheria 184, 263

Esox lucius 400

Euastrum 119

Euchlanis 299

Eucrangonyx 191

Eudorina 104

Euglena. .15, 102, 103, 104, 106, 296

Euparhyphus 359

Eupomotis 388

Eurycerus 187

evaporation 40, 55, 56, 76, 99, 100,
247

evolution 17, 410

Experiment Stations for fish

culture 400

exploitation 21, 412

Fall Creek, Ithaca. . . .42, 79, 87, 115

Falls, Triphammer, Ithaca 81

fats 244, 273

fauna. 18, 53

fecundity of fishes 235

Felt, E. P 165


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Online LibraryJames G. (James George) NeedhamThe life of inland waters; an elementary text book of fresh-water biology for students → online text (page 24 of 26)