James Granger.

A biographical history of England, from Egbert the Great to the Revolution: consisting of characters disposed in different classes, and adapted to a methodical catalogue of engraved British heads. Intended as an essay towards reducing our biography to system, and a help to the knowledge of portraits online

. (page 4 of 39)
Online LibraryJames GrangerA biographical history of England, from Egbert the Great to the Revolution: consisting of characters disposed in different classes, and adapted to a methodical catalogue of engraved British heads. Intended as an essay towards reducing our biography to system, and a help to the knowledge of portraits → online text (page 4 of 39)
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In Mr. Weft's Collcftion was a curious carving in box
by this artift, infcribcd, •* Zqrch Londini".

WTNKENdeWORDE, printer ; afmall oval, cut in
xvood% in Ames*s *' Typographical Antiquities^ or Hijlorical Account
** of Printing in England'* Under the head are the initials ofCax-
torCs name^ which he at fir ft ufed. He was long a fervant to Cax*
tony andflourijhed in the reign of Henry VII. and VUL

Mr. Am^s informs us, that he and bi3 numerous fer-
vants performed all parts of the printing bufinefs ; and «
that the moft ancient printers were alfo bookbinders and v
bookfellers. The two latter branches were carried on, at
leaft, under their infpeftion. The fame author adds, that he
«< cut a new fet of punches, which he funk into matrices,
«« and caft feveral forts of printing-letters, which he
«« afterwards ufed; and Mr. Palmer the printer fays, the
" fame arc ufed by all the printers in London to this day,
•* and believes they were llruck from his punches

• »»

RICHARD PINS ON, Efq. printer to King Henry
yil. and VIII. afmall oval \ in Ameses book.

Pinfon was alfo a fervant to Caxton. He was born in
Normandy, and died about the year 1528.

ROBERT COPLAND, printer, betwixt a pcHer and
a beggar ; a wooden cut. It belongs to a quarto pamphlet^ intitledy
•* The hye Way to the Spyttell Houfe^^* which is a quaint dialogue in,
verfe^ and begins with •* The Prologue of Robert Coflandj Compylar
f« and Prynter of this Boke.'*

RICHARD GRAFTON Efq. printer, a /mall oval,
na invmd^ with the imtials of bis name.

Anuses Typog, Antiq^ p. So,


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Richard Grafton was born in London, and flouriOied
in the reigns of Henry VIIL Edward VL Mary, and Eli-
zabeth. In his own name were publiihed, •' An Abridge-
** ment of the Chronicles of England," and " A Chro-
. ** nicle, and large meere Hiftory of the Affayers of Eng-
** land, and Kinges of the fame ; deduced from the Crea-
'' tion of the World,'* &c. 1569. His rebus is a tun,
and a grafted tree growing through it. The head of
Grafton, and that of the next perfon, are in Ames's Hif-
tory. The author has, with great induftry, compiled ca-
talogues of the books printed by the artifans whom he
has commemorated.

REYNOLD WOLF, Efq. King's printer; an oval
within a fquarcj cut in wood.

Wolf, who was a German or a Swifs, was a great col-
leftor of antiquities, and furnifhed Ralph Holinfhed, who
was one of his executors, with the bulk of the materials
for his chronicle. He made his will the 9th of January,
157 3- 4, and probably died foon after. His device was
the Brafen Serpent, which was alfo his fign.

The books printed by thefe, and other old printers,
have, of late years, been eagerly bought up, at immode-
rate prices •, and for the moft part, by capricious collec-
tors, who regarded Caxton and Wynkyn as highly as Tom
Folio is faid to have efteemed Aldus and Elzevir*. Some
have prepofterouQy confidered thefe books as golden
mines of Englifli literature, whofe contents our modern
writers have been continually draining, refining, and
beating thin, to difplay with pomp and oftentation. But
there are feveral learned and ingenious gentlemen whom
J could name, who have turned over our books in the

• TatlcrNo. 158.


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Hen. Vlir. SUPPLEMENT. 41

Hack letter to fotne purpofc, and have, by their help,
illuftrated Shakefpearc, and other celebrated writers.

P. 85, I. 14, from the bottom, add : very fcarce. There is
a portrait ofbim^ at Kenftngton looking through a leaded cafement.

Ibid. 1. 7, from the bottom, read gaol.

P. 86, 1. 8, from the bottom, after the word " Inches,'*
infcrt :

We are informed, by feveral antiquaries, that in the
time of Anne, Richard's Queen, the women of quality
firft wore trains, which occafioned a well meaning au*
thor to write ** contra Caudas Dominarum ^.'^ The fame
queen introduced fide-faddles f. Before, the Englifli
ladies rode as the French do at prefent ; and as it is pre-
fumed the Englifli will again, if fome woman of beauty,
rank, and fpirit, one of the charioteers for inftance, (hould
fet the example \. Ladies who throw a whip, and ma-
nage a pair of horfes to admiration, would doubtlefs ride
a fingle one with equal grace and dexterity. It is ftrange
that, in a poliihed age, the French have not been follow-
ed in fo fafe, fo natural, and fo convenient a practice.

P. 87, add to the reference at bottom :

The fame circumftance is in Hall's Chronicle, with the addition of Henry *s
wearing white mourning for the unfortunate Anne Bolen. Crimfon would have
been a much more fultable colour. See Hall, p. 117, is 8.

• Vide *« Colle^anea hiftorica, ex Diftionario, Theologico Tbom« Gaf-
coignii/* fubjoined to Walter Hemingford, pttbli(hed by Hearne» p. 51a.
t RoflTi Warwicenfis Hiftoria, p. «b5.

J Sefofiris like, fuch charioteers as thefc.

May drive fix harneft monarchsi if they plcafck


G P. 88,

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p. 88, 1. 3, from the bottom, after *' Romans,' ' add

Though from the fpirit of the times, his engagements
with Charles, and the neceffity of his affairs, he was fre-
quently impelled to war, he was more inclined to cul-
tivate the arts of peace, which were better furted to the
gentlenefs of his difpofition. It muft> however, be ac-
knowledged, that his rigorous treatment of Prague was
an inftance of feverity more fuitable to the fternnefs of his
brother's charaflcr than his own natural temper, and
that it did him no honour*

P. 89, 1. II, from the bottom, add the two following

GUILLAUME de CROY: In the ^' Academic des
Sciences ^^ &c. The print is of the quarto Jize.

William de Croy, Lord of Chievres, who defcended
from the blood royal of Hungary, was a man of letters,
a good foldier, and an able politician. He was perfeftly
qualified to fuperintend the education of a prince, and
was, by the Emperor Maximilian, appointed governor of
bis grandfon Charles. But his great and ihining quali-
ties were debafed and fullied by a fordid avarice ; to gra-
tify which pafEon he too long kept the young prince in a
ftatc of pupilage. In 1 5 15, he was fent by him into Eng-
land, in the quality of ambaffadpr, to renew the treaties
which his predeceffors had made with that crown.
Charles, whofe gratitude was one of his excellencies, raif-
cd him to great honours. He died 2 8th May, 1 52 1.

JOHANNES SLEIDANUS, &c. natus Sleidx,
AvD. 1506. Legatus in Anglia pro Proteftantibus, 1545,
&c. ff^. F. (Fait borne) f. In the Engltfb tranflation of his Hifto-
ryy fol.


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Hen. Vlir. SUPPLEMENT. 43

John Sleidan who was born at Sleida, near Cologne,
was, in the early part of his life, a domeftic of the Cardi-
nal de BcUay. He, on feveral occafions, acquitted himfelf
with honour as an ambaffador; particularly in his embaffy
to Henry VIII. from the whole body of proteftants ia
France. His Commentaries, written with candour, fpi-
rit, and politenefs, is the moft confiderable of his works.
We are told, in the Life of Dr. Swift 5, that this was one
of the books which he read at Moor Park, and that he
took from it large extrafts. It was probably recommend-
ed to him by Sir William Temple, who was eminently
read in hiftory. The author died in 1556 f.

P. 90, add the following articles.


Boijfardy ^to.

Hyperius, a man of general learning, and one of the
beft divines, and moft elegant writers of his age, which
was alfo the age of Erafmus, was a native of Ipres in
Flanders. Having been ftrongly fufpecled of what was
called herefy, he came over to lingland, in the year 1536,
or 7, where he lived above four years in happy retire-
ment with Charles Lord Montjoy, a man of letters, of
whom Erafmus hath made honourable mention in his
works. He was afterwards profeflbr of divinity at Mar-
purg, in Germany, where he died, the ift of Feb. 1564.
Verheiden fays that his printed works in divinity, and the
fciences, would make feven volumes in folio. Dr. At-
terbury has mentioned him as a divine of authority, at p.
52 of the Preface to his Sermon, preached at the funeral of

• See Dcanc Swift's Life of Swift, p. 176.

t See t great and juft cbaraftcr of bim in Schdhornc's Amoenitatcs Hift. Ecclef.
ct Lit. torn. i. p. 4..

G 2 Thomas

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Thomas Bennet, fome paffagcs of which had been objeclcd
to, in an anonymous pamphlet, byHoadly.

dicus et Jurifconfultus : In Boijfard^ 4/^.

Henry Cornelius Agrippa, who was born at Cologne,
in i486, was a man of a prodigious compafs of knoW'
ledge. He was careful to inform himfelf of every fcience ;
and faw, or pretended to fee, the vanity of them all.
Happy had it been for him, if he could have feen the va-
nity of Alchymy, before he was the dupe of that fallacious
philofophy, and before he had feduced others, who were
as great dupes as himfelf. He was celebrated throughout
Europe ; and was long a wanderer through many parts of
it 5 eager in purfuit of fortune which he never overtook,
and promiiing himfelf mountains of gold which evapo-
rated in fmoke. The hiftory of his life, as recorded by
Bayle and Schelhorne% is interefting and curious : fome-
times we find him, in all the pride of literature, in fchools
and univeriities : at other times, in courts and camps ;
in the fliops of projecting mechanics, and in the laborato-
ries of hermetic philofophers. Now he is courted as a
prodigy of knowledge ; and then (hunned and detefted
as a forcerer, and his very dog is dreaded as an evil
demonf. He w*as in England, in 1510; and in 1529,
received an invitation from Henry VIII. to fettle here,
which he thought proper to decline. He died in 1535.

• Sec his «* Amcenitatet Litcrariae," torn. ii. p. 553, &c.and the authori refer*
red toil) Jortin*s Life of Erafraus, vol. i. p. 533.

f That which contributes moft to the opinion that Cornelius Agrippa was a
magician, is an impertinent piece publiOied under his name, entitled the fourth book
«< De occulta Philofophia," which that learned man was never the author of. For
it is not to be found in the folio edition of his works, in which only thofe that are
genuine and truly his are contained. Prideaax*8 Contte6lion« &c. Parti. Book iv.
p. 3131 notesi edit. i729.


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The moft cekbrated of his works, which are in Latin,
arc his Treatifes *• Of Occult Philofophy t» *' and '« Of the
•* Vanity of Sciences :" the latter, which is a frivolous
bookf has been greatly improved upon by Mr. Thomas
Baker, in his admirable « Reflexions upon Learning.''

JOHANRANTZAU, Grand Marefchal de Dan-
nemarck ; Folkemafc. a/mall head^ with twelve others of his fa-
mily^ in ^'ycho Hof man's elegant booky intitledy *' Portraits Hijio-
*« riques des Hommes illujires de Dannemarck^ \ 746, ^to *.

John BantzaU) Lord of Bredenbourg, and commander
in chief of the Daniih army, in the reigns of Frederic L
and Chriftian HI. was one of the abled generals that his
country ever produced. He was alfo an excellent ftatef-
man ; and by his valour and prudence fecured the throne
of Denmark, and confequently its liberties, againfl: the
repeated efforts of the depofed tyrant Chriftian II. He was
the chief inftrument of eftablifhing the Proteftant religi-
on in that kingdom. Oh. 1565.

He is mentioned here, as having been in England, in
the courfe of his travels, in the reign of Henry VIII.

CHRISTOF. de LONGUEIL; JV; Larmjfm fc.
tn the " Academiedes Sciences ^'^ &c. torn. ii. p. 156.

t Many weak heads have been bewildered by this book. I knew an old gen-
tleman, who, upon tb« peru(al of it in the Engliih tranflation, fancied bimfelf a raa-
gician, and an adept, and that riches and power were within his grafp. He de- '
dared to me, that he would not leave this treafure to any man who did not know
how to value it $ bat bequeathed it to a relation, who was fo far gone in the celef-
tial fciences as to be above all worldly confiderations i and who prefently fold it
for wafte paper, as many others have done fince : fuch is the fate of a work,
which hath been thought to contain a mine ,of gold, and which once engaged the
attention of the learned world. It is now fcarce, and is valued as a curiofity.

• In this book are a confiderable Aumber of neat heads of perfons who have
been here in public chara^ers.


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46 S UP P L E M E N T. Vol. L

Chriftophcr de Longueil*, who was one of the moft
univerfal and polite fcholars of this learned age, was born
at Malines, in the Low Countries, in 1490. He travel-
led into England, Germany, Spain, and Italy; was highly
in favour with Lewis XII. of France, and LcoX. at whofe
requeft he undertook to write againft Luther. He lived in
the ftricleft intimacy with the Cardinals Bembo and Pole,
cfpecially with the latter, who clofed his eyes at Padua,
where he died, in 1522, in the 34th year of his age. His
Latin Commentaries on Pliny^s Book of Plants, and on the
Civil Law, are abundant teftimonies of his learning ; and
his oration in praife of Lewis XII. and the French nation,
an illufti ious proof of his eloquence.

S. IGNATIUS de LOYOLA; Rubens p. Rolfwert
fi. whole lengthy large h.Jh. Marinus has engraved a print of
him after Rubens^ which reprefents him in a churchy cafting vut
devils f .

Ignatio Loyola, a Spanifli gentleman, who was danger-
oufly wounded at the fiege of Pampeluna, having heated
his imagination by reading " The Lives of the Sainti/'
which were brought him in his illnefs inftead of a ro-
mance, conceived a ftrong ambition to be the founder of
a religious order : this is well known by the appellation
of the Society of Jefus J. Many of the members of this
body, which hath been ever above the four and fordid
aufterities of the lower monaftic orders, have acled as if
they thought that Chrift's kingdom was of this world,

• In Latin, Longolius, under which name his life, written by Cardinal Pole, is in

Eates's " Virae Scleax."
f Ribadeneira fairly owns that he had not the gift of working miracles. *

X The Jeiuits and Bencdi^incs have, in literature, outflione all the other

orders of the church of Rome.


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Hen. Vlir. SUPPLEMENT. 47

and have aimed at being his prime miniflers. Great num-
bers, however, of the brightell ornaments of the church of
Rome, both for their p'.ety and learning, have been of
this fociety. It fhould alfo be remembered, that preva-
ricating and pernicious cafuifts, intriguing politicians,
embroilers of kingdoms, and aflaflins of kings, have been
of the fame fraternity. The innocent founder hath been
unjuftly branded for the crimes of his degenerate fans.
*' He came hither a begging about the year 1531, as ap-
**. pears from his life by Ribadeneira *, and found his ac-
*' count in it f." His life hath been written by about
twenty authors befides ; and a thoufand have written
againft him and the Jefuits. Beza ftyles the order,
*' Anhelantis Satanae ultimus crepitus."
Loyola died 31 July, i J5(J.

PETRUS RONSARDUS, &c. in Boijfard, fmall

Peter Ronfard applied himfelf late to ftudy ; but by the
acutenefs of his genius, and continual application, he
made ample amends for the time he had loft. Though
he formed himfelf upon the Greek and Latin ClafTics^
fcarce any author, at leaft of his day, has a more original
and natural air. He poflcfTed judgment and fire in an
extraordinary degree : hence it is that Thuanus, who was
partially fond of him, prefers him to any poet fince the
Auguftan age. He, like other old poets, hath been cen-
fured for his peculiarities : he might, perhaps, as well
have been blamed for wearing an antiquated drefs ; which
was owing more to the prevailing f afhion of the times,

• L. ii. c. 1.

t I am obliged to the reverend and learned Mr. Bowie, of Idmifton. near Sa-
liibury, for my knowledge of tbii cirCumftance, and other notices relative to fo-


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than the caprice or affeftation of the wearer. He died the
27th of December, 1535. He is placed here as having
attended James V. from Paris into Scotland, in 1537;
where he continued two years ; after which he refided
about half a year in England. See his Elogium in Tbuan-
usy and his article in Bayle's Didionary.

P. 90, in the note, 1. 4, from the bottom^ read John More 5
and in the laft line, add, torn. ult. after *• Typographic!.^^

P. 91, 1. 12, add:

Edwardus Sextus, Mt. 1 5 ; ovaly ornaments^

neatly cut in wood by Virgilio Sole-f^ df Brujfels^ ^vo. It be*

longs to the New ^ejlament^ printed by Richard Jugge^ ISS^> by

command of the king,

P. 92, 1 5, add:

There is a fmali whole length of Edward VI. by HoU
bcin, at Houghton.

Ibid. I. 3 and 4, from the bottom, read Duke of Somer«
fet and Earl of Hertford.

P. 94, 1. 15, infert the following article.

TOMASO SEIMOR, Ammiraglio d'Inghilterra,
12°. In Leti's Elifabetta. Itjkouldbe remembered here^ that the
authenticity ofmofl of the portraits in this bo:k is as quejlionable aS
the author^ s fads.

Thomas Seymour, Baron of Sudley and Lord Admiral

of England, was a younger brother of the Protcdor So-

t This engraver had his eyes put out, for copying fome obfcens printii en-
graved by Marc Antonio, after ^fignt of Julio Romano, to which Aretin wrote
the verfes.


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mcrfet. He was a man of a good perfon and ad:Irefs ;
and no ftranger to the arts of the courtier, or the gal-
lantry of the lover. The impreflidn which he made on
the heart of Catharine Parre, whom he married, and on
that o£ the Priacefs Elizabeth, whom he would have
married, was, by credulous people, in a credulous age,
imputed to incantation, ^is love feems to have been
only a fecondary paifion ; and to have been fubfervient
to his ambition*. His views were certainly afpiring ; and
he was juftly regarded by his brother as an aflive and
dangerous rival. He was executed in confequence of an
aft of attainder, without even the formality of a trial, the
9th of March, 1548- 9. Mr. Warton in his ** Life of Sir
•* Thomas Pope,*' has given us a curious account of fome
coquetries which paffcd betwixt the Princefs Elizabeth
and the Lord admiral.

P. 97, caned the artick of GOODRICK, or Goodrich,
as it ftands in this page, and fubftitute the following.

THOMAS GOODRICH, who was fome time a
penfioner of Benet College in Cambridge, and afterwards
a Fellow of Jefus College, in that univeriity, was an
eminent divine and civilian. He was one of the revifers
of the tranflation of the New Teftament ; and a commif-
fioner for reforming the ecclefiaftical laws, in the reigns
of Henry VIIL and Edward VL who employed him in

* In the preamble to an aft of parliament, in the fecond and third year of
Edward VI. entitled, " An Aft for the Attainder of Sir Thomas Seymour,
Knight^ Lorde Seymour of Sudley, High Admiral of England,** printed by Graf*
ton, 1549, folio, it it faid, *' that he would have done what he could fecretly to
have married the Princefs Elizabeth, as he d;d the late i^/«, whom, it may ap-
pear, he married 6rft, and after fued to his Majefty and the Lord Proteftor, and
tbnr Council, for his preferment to it, whom, neverthelefs, it hath been credibly
declared, he holped to her end, to hafte forward his other purpofe,**

H feveral

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feveral embalfies. He had a hand in compiling the Lr-
turgy, and •« The Inftitution of a Chriftian Man/* In
1 55 1, he was promoted to the high office of chancellor.
Upon the acceffion of Mary» he refigned the feals to Ste-
phen Gardiner, Bilhop of Winchefterv but found meaas^
though he had been zealous for the reformation, to retain
his Bifhopric This drew upon him a fufpicion of tem«
porizing in favour of popery. He died the loth of May,

P. 98, laft line, add this note.

Mr. Oldyt author of the Diflcrtmtion on Pamphletti m the << Phoenix Britaani-
** cii8/*4to* p. 558, iays» that he hat known Balers Examination &c. of Sir John
Oldcaftlet fell for three guineas, on account of its rarity. This is to be under*
ftood of the firft edition.

Ibid, laft line, add to the text :

There is another head of him, well cut in wood, on the
back of the title of the book firll mentioned in his ar-

P. ^^^ L 2, read ^ Catalogus Scriptorum illuftrium
** Brytanniae.'*

Ibid. 1. d, add :

He hath given us a detail of all his dramatic pieces^
which were written when he was a papift. There^was a
time when the lamentable comedies of Bale were aded
with applaufe. He tells us, in the account of his voca*
tion to the Bifhopric of Offory, that his comedy of John
Baptift's Preaching, and his tragedy of God's Promifes,

* There is a fmall neat head of Bale, and other Englifh clergymen, in Lap-
ton*s << Hiftory of the modern Proteftant Divines,*" Lond* i€37« The printsare
copied from the Heroologia, 3cc.


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•Edw.VI. supplement. 51

were afted by young men at the Market-crofs of Kilken-
ny, upon a Sunday. Surely this tragedy mull be as ex-
traordinary a compofition, in its kind, as his comedies.

P. 100, 1. 2. add this note, after ** Orders.**

SlrHenry SavUe* and Mr« Thomas Murray, however irregular it might be, were
provoftt of Eton, though not in orders : fo might Sir Thomas Smith have been
before them. See the folio <* Cabah/' p. 189, and Fuller*s " Church Hiftory/' iv.

P. 102, h 7, from the bottom, add the following emen-
dation, after " State/' and then read ^ Clafs V. and IX.
under EliKabeth."

There ihould be a note to this article of Sir Thomas
Smith, beginning with •• He had the Rectory of Lever-
ington,'* as in p. 103, and ending with ** enjoyed," line
ante penult, all the reft of the note in both pages may go
with Sir John Cheke*s article.

Ibid. I. 4, from the bottom, add t
IBs portrait is at Lsard Sandys* s^ at Ombtrfley^ in ff^orcefttf-

P. 103, 1. 3j from the bottom, add t

There is a very fcarce pamphlet of his eicpedition into

Scotland, which hath been fold for four guineas, though

the whole of it is printed in HoUinflied. %tz *< Phoenix

^ Britannicus,'' p. 5584 I mention this as an inftance of

literary in£inity«

P. io<$, laft line, add :

On the back of the title to bts hookj •* Be Republica Jngtorum iri^

ftauranda^^ *S79> it a good wooden print of him.


P. I07, L I, 2t for rejloring^ read right ordering^.

H 2 ibid;

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Ibid. 1. 6, from the bottom, add :

Jeanne Gray; J. Vander Werff^ p. Vermeulen fc. in
Larrey's Hiftory^

P. io8, before 1. 4, from the bottom, add :

H E N R Y II. Roy de France. /. de Biefc. h.Jb.

Henry II. Son of Francis I. King of France, waf a
prince of much greater courage than capacity. He, on
feveral occafions, fhone in the field ; but made no figure
in the cabinet. He loft much more by the treaty of peace,
which followed the difaftrous battle of St. Quintin, than
his enemies had gained by that victory. Henry was as
limited in his views, and as fiu6hiating in his refolutions,
as Catharine de Medicis, his queen, was comprehenfive
and determined. In the reign of this king, the Engliih
loft Boulogne and Calais. He was invefted with the Or-
der of the Garter, in France. He died the loth of July»*
of an accidental wound received at a tournament.

P. no, 1.3, from the bottom, add this note.

In BUckftone*s ** Commentaries of the Laws of England,** Book iv. p. 4«4f 4% St
ittbe following paiTage. *< To do juftice to the iborter reign of Qiieen Mary,
•* many falutary and popular laws, in civil maitert, were made under her admini-
** ftration ; perhaps the better to reconcile the people to the bloody meafurea
** which (he was induced to purfue for the re-eftabli(hment of religious flavery:
** the well concerted fchemes for efTe6ling which were» (through the providence
** of God), defeated by the feafonabie acceflion of <2ueen Elizabeth.

P. Ill, 1. 2, add :

P H I L I L p u s n. F. H {Francis Hogenierg) /c. It is dated
1555, and is companion to Mary^ by the fame band.
Philippus II. Titianusp. 1549,0. Vi/cher/c. h.Jh.
Phillippus II. Marcelli Clodii Formis^ Roma^ 1588 ;
fne. In the ** Citta da Cremona^'* da Antonio Campo^ ^S^SffoHo^

Online LibraryJames GrangerA biographical history of England, from Egbert the Great to the Revolution: consisting of characters disposed in different classes, and adapted to a methodical catalogue of engraved British heads. Intended as an essay towards reducing our biography to system, and a help to the knowledge of portraits → online text (page 4 of 39)