James H. (James Hadden) Smith.

History of Duchess county, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers online

. (page 13 of 125)
Online LibraryJames H. (James Hadden) SmithHistory of Duchess county, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers → online text (page 13 of 125)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

Clarke, in answer to queries from the Board of
Trade, states the population of the county, " ex-
cept the High Lands," to be 3,086, including 262
" blacks ;" so that here we have approximately the
population of the county, as at present constituted,
at that period. In 1740, we have a "list of the
freeholders " in the county, certified by "Ja. Wilson,
Sheriff." They number 235. In no other form
have we so many of the names of the settlers of
that early period. Their honorable connection
with the history of the county as the pioneers in
its subjugation from the wilderness they found it, to
the fair Eden as their descenaants now enjoyit, is
sufficient to raise them from the vale of personal
obscurity in which many of them doubtless lived,
and justly entitles them to recognition in these
pages. We transcribe and thus hand down to
posterity the names * of this venerated band, as
follows : —

Henry Beekman, Hendrick Sheffer,

Lowr'nce Kneckerbacker,Peter Oostrander,
Nicholas Hoffman, Benjamin Van Steenberg,

Martinus Hoffman, Hans felte Sheffer,

Barent Van Benthuysen, Willem Freer,

Philip Londen,
Hendrick Kip,
Nicholas Row,
Jury Soefelt,
Zacharias Haber,
Fredricke Sipperly,
Johannis Spaller,
Jury Feder,
William Cole,
Hans Heyner,
Johannis P. Snyder,
Johannis Backus,
Hans felte Wollever,
Hans Lambert,
Joseph Rykert,
Adam Oostrander,
Simon Kool,
Godfreed Hendrick,
Wendel Yager,
Jacob Drom,
Martinus Shoe,
Jury Adam Soefelt,
Philip foelandt,
Andries Widerwox,
Frau Neker,
Christophell Snyder,
Marten Tiel,
Arnout Viele,

Teunis Freer,
Jury Ackert,
Evert Knickerbacker,
Nicholas Bonesteel,
Jacobus Van Etten, Junr.,
Basteaan Trever,
Coenradt Befringer,
Wendell polver,
Peter Van Etten,
William Simon,
William Scott,
Michaell Sipf)erly,
David Richart,
Jacob Mowl,
Mathys Earnest,
Andries* Hermans,
Michael Polver,
Johannis Weaver,
Wm. Van Vreedinburgh,
Johannis Kip, *

Arie Hendrickse,
Wm. Van Vreedingburgh,
Isaac Kip, [Junr.,

Roeloflf Kip,
Jacob Kip,

Abraham Kip, «

Mathys Sleght,
Evert Van Wagenen,

*r)i,c. Hist. I., bgi, 694 ; /K, 184, 205 ; Col. Hist. F., 702, 929 ; VI.,
133— 134.



Lowrence Tiel,
Jacob Cool,
Philip More,
Jan Van Benthuysen,
Zacharias Smith,
Josias Ross,
Gysbert Westfall,
Henry Filkin,
Francis Hagaman,
John Gay,
Isaac Filkin,
Jan Ostrom,
Roeloif Ostrom,
Simoh Flegelaer,
Augustine Creed,
Jacob Hoff,
Lowrence Hoff,
Isaac Germain,
Isaac Germain, Junr.,
Josias Crego,
Isaac Tietsort,
Richard Sackett,
Gerret E. Van Wagenen.
Isaac Runnells,
Isaac Runnells, Junr.,
Frans Van Dyck,
Nehemiah Runnells,
Nicholas Van Wagenen,
Peter Palmer,
Nathaniell Marshall,
Joseph Palmer,
Jacob Van Campen,
John Runnells,
Samuell Palmer,
Joshua Palmer,
Manuell Gonselesduck,
William Palmer,
Peter Lassing,
Isaac Lassing,
Wilham Lassing,
Christophell Van Bomell,
Arie Van Vliet,
JohannisVan Benthuys'n,
William Syfer,
William Smith Secundus,
Alexander Griggs,
Jacobus De Yeo,
James Auchmoty,
Samuell Mathews,
George Ellsworth,
Johannis DoUson,
Jacob De Witt,
David De Dutcher,
John Cook,
John Carman,
Nicholas Koens,
Nicholas Emigh,
Hendrick Owl,
Mosis Nauthrup,
Stephen Crego,
Peter Simpson,
John Gamble,
William Humphreys,
Francis Nellson,

Goese Van Wagenen,
Hendrickus Heermans,
Lowrence Oosterhout,
Peter Tippell,
Albartus Shriver,
Stephen Frelick,
Arent Oostrander,
PhiUp Feller,
Jacob Van Wagenen,
Lewis Du Bois,
Mathys Du Bois,
Marcus Van Bomell,
Rudolphus Swartwoudt,
Mathewis Van Keuren,
Hendrick Willsie,
Elias Van Buntschoten,
Jacobus Van Bomell,
Thomas Lewis,
Henry Vandenburgh,
John Concklin,
Jacob Low,
Johannis Van Kleek,
Simon Freer,
Mosis De GraafF,
Barnardus Swartwoudt,
Johannis Tappon,
Myndert Vandenbogart,
Hendrick Ostrom,
Barent Van Kleek,
Frans La Roy,
Lowrence Van Kleek,
Jacobus Van Den Bogart,
Frans Filkin,
Bowdewine La Count,
Lowrence Gerbrantz,
Robert Kidney,
Peter Veile,
John Emons,
Magiel Pells,
Abraham Freer, Junr.,
Peter Palmatier,
Gybsert Peelen,
John Lossee,
Johannis Willsie,
Johannis Ter Boss,
Isaac DoUson,
Teunis Van Vliet,
Hendrick Van Tessell,
Hendrick Ter Boss,
Robert Britt,
Jacobus Ter Boss,
Cornelis Van Wyck,
Francis Britt,
Hendrick Rosekrans,
Thomas Langdon,
John Baily,
Christian Du Bois,
Jacobus Swartwout,
Theodorus Van Wyck,
Benjamin Hasbrook,
Willem Schutt,
George Brinckerhoff,
Daniell Boss,
Ephraime Bloome,

Thomas Davinport,

Isaac Van Amburgh,

Peter Du Bois, Junr.,

Cornelis Bogardus,

Jacobus De Peyster,

John Calkin, Junr.,

Johannis Van Voorhees.

Coert Van Voorhees,

Johannis Van Voorhees, William Drake,

Hendrick Philip, [Junr., Joshua Griffen,

John Brinckerhoff,
Cornelis Lossee,
Lowrence Lossee,
Jonathan Du Bois,
Jacob Du Bois,
John Montross,
Peter Mufford, -
John fiewellen.

Johannis Middellaer,
Samuel Hallstead,
Daniel Yeomans,
John Rosekrans,
Cornelis Willsie,
Maes Oostrander,
Abraham Swartwoudt,
Isaac BrinckerhofiF,
Baltus J. Van Kleek,
Baltus B. Van Kleek,

William Ver Planck,
Simon La Roy,
Ahaswarus Van Kleek,
Teunis Van Buntskoten,
Gideon Ver Veelen,
Peter Outwater,
Jacob Brinckerhoff,
Hendrick Mufford,
Marten Shenk,
Mathew DuBois, Jr.,
Abraham DeGraeff.*
In 1746, Duchess had a population of 8,806, in-
cluding 500 " blacks." In 1749, it was diminished
to 7,912, of whom 421 were "blacks;" but in the
next seven years there was an increase nearly equal
to one hundred per cent. ; for in 1756, there were
13,289 white, and 859 black inhabitants, making a
total of 14,148. At that time its population ex-
ceeded that of any other county in the Province,
except Albany, which had 17,424 inhabitants.
Westchester had 13,257, and New York only 13,-
040. Judge Smith in describing it in that year,
(1756,) says:—

" The south part of the county [now Putnam]
is mountainous and fit only for iron works, but the
rest contains a great quantity of good upland well
watered. The only villages in it are Poughkeepsie
and the Fish Kill, though they scarce deserve the
name. The inhabitants on the banks of the river
are Dutch, but those more easterly, Enghshraen,
and, for the most part,emigrants from Connecticut
and Long Island. There is no episcopal church in
it. The growth of this county has been very sud-
den, and commenced but a few years ago. With-
in the memory of persons now living, it did not
contain above twelve families ; and, according to
the late returns of the militia, it will furnish at
present, above two thousand five hundred fighting

From this time till the close of the century the
county increased rapidly both in population and
wealth; since that time there has been a more
uniform but almost constant increase in popula-
tion. The only important exception, (and, indeed,
with the exception of the year 1835, the only one,)
was in 1814, when it was reduced from 51,363, in

* lu this, as in the preceding list, we have adherred to the orthography
in the original. (See Doc. Hist. I., mj — 208.) It will not he difficult
to recognize many of these names among those of the present inhabitants
of Duchess county, though the latter have been somewhat modernized.



1810, to 43,708, by the erection, in 1812, of Put-
nam county, which had a population in 181 4 of
9,353- From 22,404 in 1771; 32,636, in 1786;
and 45,266 in 1790; it had increased at the close
of the century to 47,775 ; thus, not only holding
the position it had gained in 1756, but far out-
stripping every other county in the State, except
New York, which nearly doubled its population in
the decade from 1790 to 1800, having the latter
year a population of 60,515 against 33,131 in 1790.
Washington, which most nearly approached
Duchess in 1800, had 35,792 inhabitants; Colum-
bia came next, with 35,472 and Albany -next
with 34,103. Most of the others were far be-
low it, and none approached it within fifteen
thousand. In 181 3, Spafford describes it as
" one of the most opulent farming counties in the
State;" and adds, "in agriculture, no county ex-
ceeds this in the style of improvement, and none
has a greater respectability of character, engaged
in practical farming." In domestic manufactures,
also, it took advanced rank, having in 1810, a
larger number of fulling-mills than any other county
in the State. It ranked fourth in the number of
carding machines — 25 ; first in the number of cot-
ton factories — 5— equahng Oneida; first in the
number of tanneries — 80 — double the number of
any other county in the State, except Montgomery,
Orange and Ulster, which had respectively 45, 49
and 41 ; only fifth in the number of breweries — 2 ;
ninth in the number of distilleries — 25 ; third in the
number of paper mills — 2 ; first in the number of
batteries — 22 — doubling the number of any other
county, except Saratoga, which had fourteen ; and
in the front rank, but equaled by five others, in
the number of oil-mills — 3 ; also in the number of
trip hammers— 7 — being equaled by one other
county only. But ithad neither blast nor air fur-
nace, nor blomary, a feature which at present forms
an important part of its industries.

If we look at the quantity of its manufactured
products at that period, we find that it held a no
less prominent position. It ranked ninth in the
number of looms— 1,342— and eighth in the num-
ber of yards of woolen cloth manufactured —
128,655; fifth in the number of yards of linen
cloth— 230,404; first in the number of hides and
skins tanned — 42,714; sixth in the number of gal-
lons brewed— 18,000 ; twentieth in the number of
gallons distilled — 24,450; first in the number of
reams of paper made — 15,000; second in the
nuitiber of hats made— 12,450 ; fifth in the number
of gallons of oil produced— 3,500. The product

of its fulUng-mills and cotton-factories is not given ;
neither for more than five of its twenty- five carding
machines. In 181 1, it had fourteen post-offices;
a number equaled by only two other counties —
Chenango and Otsego — and exceeded by four —
Oneida, Ontario, Suffolk and Washington.*

The subjoined table shows the population of the
county at different periods : —

1714 445

1723 i;o83

1731 1,727

1737 3,418

1746 8,806

1749 7,912

1756 14,148

1771 22,404

1786 32,636

1790 45,266

1800 ..47,775

1810 51,363

1814 ..43,708

1820 46,615

1825 46,698

1830 50,926

1835 50,704

1840 52,398

1845 55,124

1850 58,992

1855 60,635

i860 64,941

1865 65,192

1870 74,041

1875 76,334

1880 79,273

Happily the pioneers of Duchess county were
never harassed by those distressing Indian wars,
which desolated other counties and swept away
both the settler and his improvements ; neither
were they cursed with a sterile soil. They were left
to develope their agricultural, commercial and
mechanical enterprises without extraneous hind-
rance. The soil, which possesses a fertility un-
known to the lands in many portions of the State,
responded generously to the moderate exertions of
the husbandman ; and during the many years while
their less fortunate neighbors could only by the most
pinching industry coax from an almost barren soil a
scanty subsistence, they had acquired titles of un-
doubted validity to their lands, and were enjoying
the blessings which flow from a moderate compe-

The county occupies one of the most pictur-
esque portions of the Hudson Valley ; and while
its fertility attracted and held the agriculturist, its
beauty, not less than its excellent institutions of
learning and religion, for which it is justly noted,
•attracted persons of wealth, culture and refinement,
who sought homes within its borders because of
its aesthetic associations and influences. Hence a
steady and healthy growth has been maintained
for maily years ; and though it has been outstripped
in the competitive race for population it can point
to the many commercial and manufacturing enter-
prises within its borders, and with just pride, refer
the stranger to the no less gratifying evidences of
wealth, prosperity and contentment exhibited by

* spafford? s Gazetteer of \%fi, 6, 50, 73. Doc. Hist. I., 695, 696, 697.
Col. HUt. VI., 39Z, sso ; VIII.., 457, Census Reports.



the tillers of the soil, who have supplemented
nature by improving an already beautiful country
and transformed it from its pristine wilderness to
the productive and attractive farms which adorn its
hillsides and valleys.* ,

Though the pioneers were not molested by the
savage natives whose fairpossessions they acquired,
their herds and flocks did not enjoy equal immu-
nity from the savage denizens of the forest. Early
in the eighteenth century the aid of the State Legis-
lature was invoked for the destruction of these
depredators. In 1726 and again in 1728, that
body passed laws for the destruction of wolves in
Albany, Duchess and Orange counties. In 1741 an
act was passed "to encourage the destroying of
wolves and panthers in Duchess county," which
was " much infested with those creatures." A like
act was passed the following year, and applied also
to Ulster and Orange counties. The record says :
"the inhabitants of these counties finding the for-
mer acts insufiicient, this act is passed hoping it
will prove more effectual." The hope would seem
to have been realized, for we find no further legis-
lative enactments against these pests, whose charge
it was probably thought safe to relegate to local

Swine were no less objects of solicitude with
the State Legislature; for in 1728, again in 1730,
and again in 1736, acts were passed to prevent
their running at large in the county. The provi-
dent care of this august body was directed even
to the regulation of wagon ruts in the county, an
act having been passed for that purpose in 1734.
The record says : " One or two counties in the
Province having formerly obtained acts of Assembly
to make their waggons of a larger and equal size,
this county having observed the benefitt the people
have had by it are desirous to tread in their


In April, 1755, an enrollment was made of the
Friends or Quakers in the county who claimed
exemption from military duty, pursuant to an act
of the Assembly passed February 19, 1755, for
regulating the militia of the Colony. They were
found to be quite numerous in the eastern part of
the county, especially upon the Oblong tract.
They were chiefly immigrants from Long Island
and Rhode Isl and and were of British origin. The

* In 1870, Duchess county, though then ranking as only the fourteenth
county in the State in respect to population, ranked as tenth in aggregate
equalized valuation ; being surpassed only by Albany, Erie, Kings, Mon-
roe New York, Onondaga, Orange, Rensselaer and Westchester ; and
some of these, though largely exceeding it in population, surpass it in
wealth by only trifling ainounts.

t Col. HUt- V; 87J, 909 ; VL, 28, 87.

names of many of these estimable people, who,
like the Moravians previously referred to, suffered
bitter persecutions at the hands of the dominant
religious party, are familiar to the present genera-
tion, and we give them as we find them recorded,
with their locations * and occupations : —

Joshua Shearman,
Moses Shearman,
Daniel Shearman,
Joseph Doty,
John Wing,
Zebulon Ferris,

Beekman Precinct,
(Oblong) do.

Joseph Smith, son of Richard, do do.

Robert Whiteley, Oblong,

Elijah Doty, Oblong House,

Philip Allen, Oblong,

Richard Smith, do.

James Aiken, do.
Abraham Chase, son of Henry, do,

David Hoeg, do.

John Hoeg, do.

Jonathan Hoeg, do.

Amos Hoeg, son of John, do.
William Hoeg, son of David, do.

John Hoeg, son of John, do.

Ezekiel Hoeg, do.

Judah Smith, do.

Mathew Win^, do.

Timothy Dakin, do.

Jonathan Dakin, do.

Samuel Russell, do.

John Fish, do.

Reed Ferris, do.

Benjamin Ferris Junr., do.

Joseph Akin, do.

Israel Howland, do.

Elisha Akin, do.

Isaac Haviland, do.
Nathan Soule, son of George, do.

Tames Birdsall, do.

Daniel Chase, do.




Farmer. _









Fanner. ■




Silas Mossher, Oswego in Beekman Precinct, do.

William Mosher, do. do.

Silvester Richmond, do. do.

Jesse Irish, do. do.

David Irish, do. do.

William Irish, do. do.

Josiah Bull, do. do.

Josiah Bull Junr., do . do.

Allen Moore, do. do.

Andrew Moore, do. do.

William Gifford, do. do.

Nathaniel Yeomans, do. do.

Eliab Yeomans, do. do.

William Parks, do. do.

The following is a list of the slaves in Duchess
county above the age of fourteen, and their owners,
taken pursuant to act of the Assembly in 1755 = —

Names of Masters Names of Male Names of Fe-

AND Mistresses. Negroes. male Nbgbobs.

CoUo ; Martin Hoffman, Jack Fortune, Frank Francis,' Sarah Dean

Susan Bet
Toby Jo :
Capt. Zacharias Hoffman, Bristoll Will, Jenny Peggy

Vullard Widbeck, Jack, Diana

Harmon Knickerbacker, Tom,

John Van Benthouse, Pompey, Cuffy, Hannah Jenny

Barrent Van Benthouse, Bastian,Andrew,Cui6r,Peter,

Simon, prince Adam Mathew,
Anthony Hoffman, Jo ;

John Vosburgh, Jo Tom, Phillis

Capt. Evert Knickerbacker, Maria

Adam Pitzer, Kate

Peter Pitzer, Fortune,

Rier Schemerhorn, Diana

Peter Heermanse, Quash,

Gerrett Heermanse, Ned,

The above List was taken by me this izth Day of May 1755.

Zacharias Hoffman, Captain.
Rynebeck Precinct, March 22 Day.
Mr. Jacob Siemon, Antony,

Margerit Bennin, Tam,

Symon Kool, Pamp, Bette

Nicholas Stickel, Frank,

Johannes Feller, Piet,

Petrus Ten Brock, Tam, Cornells, Jack, Sara Bette

Ms Catherine Palling, Robben, Deen

Andiies Heremanse, Go, Mary

Taken up by me Evert.

Knekerbacker, Capt.

"Sketches of Local History, by Benson J. Lossing, LL. D., in The
Dutchess Farmer, Dec. \^, 1S76.— Doc. Hist. III., 1027, 1028.



Rhynebeck Precinct, March ye 22 Day.

Names of Masters Names of Male Names of Fe-

AND Mistresses. Negroes. male Negroes.

Mrs. Aleda Rutsen, Thom, Robin, Coffie, Filis, Riet, Dean
Mrs. Rachel VanSteenbergen,Lou, Pieter,
Lawrence Tiel, Tam,
Henry Tiel, Jack,

Philip Veller, Lou, Betty

Johannes Lambert, Bett

Jack Keip, Tom, Pieter, Jan, fillis

Roelof Keip, Tom, Keet

Abraham Keip, Betty, Mary, Bess

Gerrit VanBenthuysen, Herry, floor Dill

George Toevelt, febe

George Adam Toevelt, Dien

Susan Angenes Sheeferen, Kinno

Comeles Ostervanter, Wench fillis

Mrs. Cathlynje V. fretenborg, Yud
Taken up by me, Frans Nehkr Capt.*

The following document, which forms a part of
the collection of the Historical Committee of the
Poughkeepsie Literary Club, preserves evidence
that the inhabitants of Duchess of a century ago
were not free from those petty bickerings which
disgrace the present generation. We quote verba-
tim the formidable prelude to this document : —

" Dutchess Co. ss : An extract of all issues, fines,
americaments and recognizances forfeited and set
to our Lord the King at the General Session of
the Peace of our Lord the King on the first Tues-
day of January in the thirteenth year of the reign
of our Sovereign Lord George the Third now [1773]
King of Great Britain, &c., and by adjournment
to Saturday the eighth of January of the same
month, before Beverly Robinson, Nicholas De-
Lavergne, Henry Van Der Burgh, Bartholomew
Noxon, Ephraim Paine, Lawrence Lawrence and
Thomas Barker Esqrs., Justices of our said Lord
the King assigned to keep the peace in the county
of Dutchess also to hear and determine diverse
felonies, trespasses and other [a word unintelligible]
committed in the same county — Henry Livingston
Esq., Clerk of the Peace of the county aforesaid
there attending for the space of foar days."

By this tribunal fines of ten shillings each were
imposed on John Ostrom and Hendrick I. Ostrom,
yeoman, of Rombout Precinct, "for an assault on the
body of Francis Smith ;" Edy Van Evere, yeoman, of
Rombout Precinct, " for an assault on the body of
Nicholas Pearson, Jr. ;" Nicholas Pearson, Jr., yeo-
man, of same precinct, "for an assault on the body
of Edy Van Evere;" of five shillings each on John
I. Van Kleek, of " Poghkeepsie Precinct," shop-
keeper, "for an assault on the body of Alexander
Chaucer;" Alexander Chaucer, of the same pre-
cinct, gentleman, " for an assault on the body of
John I. Van Kleek;" Peter Mullen, of the same
precinct, blacksmith, " for an assault on the body
of Simon P. La Roy ;" and of five pounds on Silas
Fosket, of Amenia Precinct, yeoman, "for a vio-
lent assault on the body of Elizabeth Harris," and
he was "committed to his Majesty's gaol in
Dutchess county, there to remain until he shall pay
the said fine."

• Doc. Hist. Ill, 851, 852. ' '

Other quaint documents in the same collection
hand down to us those relics of ancient barbarism
— the oaths of abjuration and fealty, which, on the
accession of George III. to the throne of England
in 1760, were prescribed for the officers in his
dominion. The following are the oaths and the
names of those in Duchess county who took
them : —

"I, A. B., Do Solemnly and Sincerely, in the
Presence of God, Profess, Testify and Declare,
That I do Believe, that in the Sacrament of the
Lord's Supper there is not any Transubstantiation,
of the Elements of Bread and Wine, into the Body
and Blood of Christ, at or After the Consecration
Thereof, by any person whatsoever, And that the
Invocation, or Adoration of the Virgin Mary, or
Any Other Saint, And the Sacrifice of Mass, as they
are Now Used in the Church of Rome, Are Super-
stitious and Idolatrous, andu I do Solemnly in the
presence of God, Profess, Testify and Declare, that
I do make this Declaration, and Every Part There-
of, in the Plain and Ordinary Sence, of the Words
read to me, as they are Commonly Understood, by
English Protestants, Without Any Evasion, Equiv-
ocation, or Mental Reservation Whatsoever, and
Without any Dispensation, Already Granted me
for this purpose, by the Pope, or any Other Author-
ity Whatsoever, or Without Thinking, that I am or
Can be Acquitted, before God or Man, or absolved
of this Declaration, or any Part Thereof, Although
the Pope, or any Person or Persons, or Power
Whatsoever, Should Dispence with, or Annul the
same, and Declare that it was Null and Void, from
the Beginning."

The other oath reads as follows : —

" I, A. B., do Sincerely Promise & Swear, that I
will be faithful and bear true Allegiance to his
Majesty King George the Third, and I do Swear,
that I do from my heart, Abhor, Detest and Abjure,^
as Impious and Heritical, that Damnable Doctrine
and Position, that Princes Excommunicated and
Deprived by the Pope, or any Authority of the See
of Rome, may be Deposed by their Subjects or any
other Whatsoever, and I do Declare that no For-
eign Prince, Person, Prelate, State or Potentate,
hath or ought to have, any Jurisdiction, Power,
Superiority, Pre-eminence, or Authority Eclesias-
tical or Spiritual Within this Realm, and I do
Truly and Sincerely accknowledge and profess,
Testify and Declare, in my Conscience, before God
and the World, That our Sovereign Lord King
George the Third, is Lawfull and Rightfull King
of this Realm, and all other Dominions and Coun-
trys Thereunto Belonging, and I do Solemnly and
Sincerely Declare, that I do believe in my Con-
science that the person pretended to be Prince of
Wales, During the Life of the Late King James
the Second, and Since his Decease, PretendiiSg to
be, and Takeing upon himself, the Stile and Title
of King of England, by the name of James the
Third, or of Scotland by the name of James the
Eighth, or the Stile and Title of King of Great


Britain, hath not any right or Title Whatsoever, to
the Crown of this Realm, or any other the Domin-
ions Thereunto Belonging, and I do Renounce,
Refuse and Abjure, any Aligeance or Obediance
to. him and I do Swear, That I will bear Faith, and
true Alegiance to his Majesty King George the
Third, and him will Defend, to the Utmost of my
Power, against all Traiterous Conspiracies and
Attempts Whatsoever, which shall be made, Against
his Person, Crown or Dignity, and I will do my

Online LibraryJames H. (James Hadden) SmithHistory of Duchess county, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers → online text (page 13 of 125)