James Macknight.

A new literal translation from the original Greek, of all the apostolical epistles [microform] : with a commentary and notes, philological, critical, explanatory, and practical : to which is added, a history of the life of the Apostle Paul online

. (page 6 of 50)
Online LibraryJames MacknightA new literal translation from the original Greek, of all the apostolical epistles [microform] : with a commentary and notes, philological, critical, explanatory, and practical : to which is added, a history of the life of the Apostle Paul → online text (page 6 of 50)
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gave the increase.

7 So then, neither is he
that planteth any thing,
neither he that watereth :
but God that giveth the

8 Now he that planteth, 8 'O ^vtS^JCiV is X(U O tffO-
and he that watereth, are tt^CiV iv eiCiV* ixa^Og Ss TOV
one : and every man shall

Ver. S.— 1 . Mili I gave you. In the orig^al it it JUii J gone you to drink.
But M the apostle ^dds, mnd not Tnoatt the genius of the English language
does not admit of a literal translation, unless the latter clause is supplied in
this manner, and not meat to eat. To support the apostle's phraseology,
Beza produces the oirov luti a-irof Uotruy of Homer. See also Luke i. 64. in
the Greek, where Zachanas' tongue is said to have been opened as well as
his mouth.

2. Tk were not then able. Oon-m signifies not tben^ John iii, 24. vii. 30.

Ver. 3. — 1. Wait after the manner </men. As the apostle in the follow-
ing verse, mentions their strifes on account of their teachers, their envyinge
and strtfet spoken of in this verse, roust be those which arose on account of
their spiritual gifb.

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cha». m.


2 Milk' I gave you and
not meat ; for ye were aot
thf^ * able TO receive it,
(«AA«, 76.) nay^ neither yet
now are je able,

3 (*Oriy 354,) became
ye are 9tiU Jleehly. For,
^whereas, amoYi^r you envy-
ing, and strife, and diri*
sions SUBSIST^ Are ye not

fieuhly^ and ^k after the
manner of men ?

4 (r«^, 91.) BendcBy
while one saith, I, indeed^
am of Paul, and another,
/ qf Apollos, are ye not
fiethly f (See chap. L 12.
note 2.)

5 (Ow, 263.) For who is
Paul, and v>ho AfioUoay but
ministers by whom ye have
believed, even as the Lord
hath given to each f

6 I have planted, Apol-
los hath watered, but God
hath made to grow.

7 So that neither the
planter is any thing,' nor
the water er ; but God who
maketh to grow, .

8 (Af, 100.) However^
the planter and the waterer
are one, and each shall re-

2 The Jir$t principles ^ Christ J
gave yoUf and not the more difficult
doctrines which we speak among the
perfect, (chap, ii. 6.) For ye were
not then capable qf understmuUng
these doctrines^ nay^ I must tell you,
neither yet now are ye capable^

3 because ye are still weak meot
whom passion and prejudice render
incapable of complete instruction.
For whereas envying, and strffe, and
divisions subsist amotig youj is it not
tt proqf that ye are weak, and walk
after the manner qfmen f

4 Besides, while one saith, I am u
disciple qf Paul, and another, I qf
Apollos^ and each claimeth submis-
sion to his opinions, on account of
the dignity of the person who in-
structed him, are ye not puffed up
with vanity ^

5 For who is Paul, and whQ
Apollos ? Not your masters in reli-
gion, but servants of Christ, by whose
labours ye have believed, even as the
Lord hath given spiritual gifts and
success to each,

6 / have planted you in God's
vineyard, others have watered you,
by giving you instruction, but God
hath made you to grow.

7 8o that neither the planter has
any independent efficacy, nor the wa-
terer ; but God, who maketh to grow
by his blessing. In short, the ho-
nour of the whole belongs to God.

8 However, the planter and the
warerer are one, in respect of the end
which they have in view, and each

Ver. 7.— 1. So that neither the planter is any thing. This is said after the
manner of the easterns, who represent things comparatively small, as no-
thing. See £s8. ir. 26.

VOL. II. 7

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Chap 1H.

receive his o\vn reward,
according to his own la-

9 For we are labourers
together with God : ye are
God's husbandry, ye are
God's building.

10 According to the
grace of God which is
given unto me, as a wise
master-builder, I have laid
the foundation and another
buildeth thereon. But let
every man take heed how
he buildeth thereupon.

11 For other foundation
can no man lay, than that
is laid, which is Jesus

12 Now if any man
build upon this foundation,
gold, silver, precious
stones, wood, hay, Stubble:

rov ihiov xonov.

9 Qsov yap soiiev avvsfh

xo^oiiYj sge*

10 Kara ry^ Z^P^'^ '^^^

Co^og apj^irexTuv Se/z^Xtov
re^eixa* aXXog ic enoixoho-
(ler ixagog he (^TLsnend nug

11 ©fftf/Ltov yap aX/lov
ot;d£t^ hwarai ^eivai napa
rov xeifisvov 6g cgiv Irjoovg 6

12 El Ss ng enoixoSoiiei em
tov ^y!(ie2.iov rovrovj ;^pi;0ov5
apyi;pox', Xidovg Ti/xtoi;$, ^i;Jla,

Ver. 9.— I. Te are GoJU Jield. (Beza, arvum,J The word y%t»fym, is
used to signify a/r/J, Prov. xxiv. 30. LXX. Ii n.a> likewise sigiii^ a vine-
yard, or any piece of ground that is under cultivation. See Isa. v. 1, 2.
where the Jewish nation is called God** vineyard. The metaphor is aptly
used to denote the pains which the ministers of religion, God^s Jabourers,
ouglit to take for making their people fruitful in goodness.

2. God'9 buiiding. The original word, ouM/ah. denotes the act of building,
but here it signifies the building itself. The building which (iod reared by
his labours, was the great temple of the Christian church. This metaphor,
tlie apostle prosecutes in the subsequent part of tlie chapter ; having dis-
cussed the metaphor of the f eld in the preceding part, where he speaks of
his own planting, and of Apollos watering, and of God's making to grow.

Ver. 10.— 1 According to the grace ^ God. This I take to be the grace of
apostlesbij), spoken of, Rom. i. 5. 1 Cor. xv. 10. Gal. ii. 9. See also 2 Cor.
vi. 1. xii. 9.

% Asa skilful architect. The word <ro<;.oc, literally signifies to/*c .• but it
is abo used to denote skilful in any art or business. I xod. xxxi. 3. I have
filled him with the Spirit of God, in uisOom, ana in knovoledge-^in all manner
' ff workmanship.

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Chap. IH.



ceive his ftrofier reward,
according to hb ftrofier

9 (r«^, 93.) Wherefore^
we are joint labourers x^
God, Ye are God'9/<?W,»
ye are God'a building.*

10 According to the
grace of God' which is
given to me, as a akilful^
architect^ I have laid the
foundation, and another
buildath thereon. But let
every one take heed how
he buildeth thereupon.

11 For other founda-
tion no one can lay,' cx-
cefit what is laid, which is
Jesus Me Christ.

12 Now, if any one build
on this foundation, gold,i
silver, vahiabie ' stones,
wood, hay, stubble ;

shall re(:eive his ftrofier reward^ ac-
cording to his fidelity in his firofier
labour^ and not according to his suc-
cess in labouring.

9 Whertfore^ we teachers are joint
labourers belonging to God, Ye the
fieofUe are God's Jield^ which he em-
ploys us to cultivate. And, to use
another similitude, ye are God's
buildings which he employs us to .

10 According to the grace of apos-
tleship, which I have received qf
God^ like a skilfxd architect<, I have laid
the foundation of the temple of God
at Corinth properly, by preaching
that Jesus is the Christ, (See ver. 1 1.)
and the false teacher buildeth thereon ;
but let every teacher fake heed how he
buildeth thereon : let him take heed
that the superstructure which he
rears, be suitable to the foundation.

1 1 For other foundation of God's
temple, no teac/ier^ if he teaches
faithfully, can lay^ excefit w/iat is laid
by me, which is Jesus the CAr/«/, pro-
mised in the scriptures.

1 2 JVbw^ if any teacher build on the
foundation Christ, sincere disciples,

represented in this similitude by
gold^ silvery valuable stones ; or if he
buildeth hypocrites, represented by
woody hay, stubble^

Ver. 11. — 1. Other foundation no One can lay. In this plaoe the apostle
speaks not of the foundation of a system of doctrine, but of the foundation
of the building or temple of God, consisting of all who profess to believe the
gospel, as is evident from ver. 9. 16, 17. Of this great temple, Jesus Christ
is called the foundation, because on him as the Chrnt or Son of God, the
whole fabric rests. Hence all believers are said, Ephes. ii. 20. to be buUt
upon the foundation of the apostla^ and propheti, yesus Christ himself being
the chief comer stone. See Isa. xxviii. 16.

Ver. 12. — 1. Build on tbit foundation gold, &c. As the apostle is speaking
of the Christian church, consisting of believers of all nations, of which
church Christ is the foundation, it is evident, that the materials built on this

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13 Every man's work 13 ^Exafou to e^ov ^xx^
shall be made manifest, ^soov ysvyiOetai" ft yap ^iBoa
For the day shall declare ^y^^^^,,^ 6rt ev nvpt anoxa-
it, because it shall be ^ __ _ . r ' ^
revealed by fire ; and the ^ ^
lire shall try every man's ^^ "^"^ ^^^ '^^ ^*f ^"^
work, of what sort it is. f«»or€i.

14 If any man's work l4. Et Tti/o$ ro epyov f£C-
abide which he hath built vBi 6 enq^xoSofiriOey fiUJ^ov
thereupon, ht shall re- yiy^-^eTOif,.

ceive a reward.

15 If any man's work 15 Et ttvog to spyov
shall be burnt, he shall xataxarjaerou^ ^rfiiiail^yjaeraur
suffer loss: but he him- ^^^^ J^ ai^^riaetoUy Vti^ Se
self shall be saved; yet so, ^ j^ ^

as by fire. '

foundation, called g^ld, silver, Sec. cannot represent the doctrines, but the
disciples of Christ : So Jerome, 1'heodoret, and Oecumenius thought. Be-
sides, in no passage of scripture, is the temple or church of God said to
consist of the doctrines, but of the disciples of Christ, who are called living
stones built up a spiritual liouse or temple, 1 Pet. ii 5, 6.

Ver. 13. — 1. It ii revealed by fire. That the fire of w^hich the apostle
speaks, is the fire of persecution, I think evident from 1 Pet. iv. 12. where
the persecution to which tlie first Christians were exposed, is called tarvftfvn,
a burning among tbefn, Vfbieh vfos to them /or a friW.— According to the
common interpretation of this passage, the doctrine which one teaches, is
ealled bis voork. But in that case 1 wish to know, how doctrines can be tried
by the fire either of persecution, or of the last judgment ; or how tiiey can be
burnt by these fires. To introduce doctrines into this passage, quite destrc^
the apostle's imagery, in which he represents the whole body of those who
then professed to believe in Christ, as fi)rmed into one great house or tem-
ple, for the worship of God ; and that temple, as soon to have the fire of
persecution thrown upon it. And therefore, if nominid believers, represented
by wood, hay and stubble, were by any teacher built into the church, the fire
of persecution would discover them ; because, as parts of the church, they
would soon perish by apostacy. The false teacher at Corinth, had in this
respect been very bkmeable, by complying with the passions and prejudices,
both of the Jews and Gentiles : and by encouraging them in dieir sins, had
idlured into the church at Corinth, a number of wicked men, particularly
the person who was guilty of incest, and others who denied the resurrection ^
6f the dead, whereby he had corrupted the tempte of God, ver. IT.

Some of the fiithers, perceiving that the apostle in this passage spake, not
of doctrines but of persons, supposed that the fire which was to try every
Mle's work, was the fire which is to happen at the day of judgment And
therefbre, » the apostle speaks of persoos» whose work was to be bumt>

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Cbap. IIL


13 Every one** work
shall be made manifest :
for the day vnll fhake it
pitting because it U reveal-
ed by fire ;i Qct^i^ 312.) and
90 the fire vriU try every
one^a work, of what sort
it is.

14 If the work of any
one remainet/ij which he
hath built u/ion rsB fouN'
DATioNj he shall receive
a reward.

15 If the work of any
one shall be bumt^ he wiii
suffer loss ; himself how-
ever^ shall be saved, yet so
as {h» wvf^) through a

13 Every teacher*^ dUcifdea ahaXl
be made manifeat in their true cha*
racters : for the day of persecution
which is coming on them, vnll make
every one* a character pkdn^ becauae it
ia of such a nature as to be revealed
by the fire of persecution ; and «•
that fire falling on the temple of God,
will try every teacher*a diacifUea^ qf
what aort they are,

14 If the diaci/ilea which any
teacher haa introduced into the churchy
endure fieraecution for the gospel
without apostatizing, auch a teacher
ahall receive the rtward promised to
them who turn others to righteous-
ness, (Dan. xii. 3.)

15 If the diacifUea qf any teacher^
ahalt^ in time of persecution, faU
away through the want of proper
instruction, he will loae hia reward :
he himae{fj however^ having in gene-
ral acted sincerely, ahall be saved i
yrty with such difficulty, aa one is
saved, who runs through 9. fire.

but themielTei saved, they fancied that all men, the righteooi as well as the
wicked, are to be burnt in the general confiagration ; that the separation of
the righteous fW>in the wicked is thereby to be made } that the wid^ed ase
to be consumed ; and that the righteous are to suffer, some more, aome
leas, according to (heir character. The passages of the fathers to this pur*
pose, Burnet hath collected, De Stat Mort. ch. vi But the Komish clergy,
perceiving that this doctrine, properly managed, might be made an inex-
haustible source of wealth to their order, have represented this fire of puN
gatory as lighted up fix>m the very beginning of the world, and have kept it
burning ever since, and have assumed to themselves, the power of detaining
souls in that fire, ar d of releasing them from it, according to their owm
pleasure ; whereby they have drawn great sums of money from the ignorant
and superstitious.'

Ver. 15.—1. Tei ao, aa iU inr^^, through ajire Thb, as Eisner observes^
is a proverbial expression, for one's escaping some evil with great difficulty,
Psal. Ixvi. 13. Aiixd-o/utf /i« irvf^ jtas /nt vS^^^ , We vent through f re and
through noater; that is, we were in the greatest danger.^Isa xliii. 2. When
thou vjolketh through the Jlre, thou shalt not be bttrnt. — Amos iv 11. Ye wert
at afire brand plucked out of the burning, -^Jude ver. 23. Snatching them out of
the fire. See the note on that verse.

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16 Know ye not that ye 16 Ovx oiSate ate vaog
are the temple of Ood, Qsov egCy xat TO nvsvfia TOV
and t/iat the Spirit of God q^^^ ^^^^^^ ^ {^^^^ .

dwelleth in you ?

17 If any man defile the 17 Efc tig TOV vaov TOV
temple of God, him shall q^q^ ^^fepgt, ^^sp6C TovTOP 6
God destroy: for Uie tern- q^^. ^ ^^^ ^^^ q^^^
pie of God is holy, which r r _ c
Lyfeyeare. aycog e^cv, ovtiVSi sge Vfieii.

18 Let no man deceive 18 M>7&tg iavTov s^anaTa-
himself: Ifany man among ij-q* a Tfc$ 3oxf t (To^og 6t1/at €1^
you seemeth to be wise in {,^^y ^^ ^^ ^^^^^^ roi^TCt), /icopog

19 ^H yap (To4)ta 'tov acocr-
/tioi; rovroi;, jwopia Ttapa Tc.)
©6(i) sgc yeypanTaL yotp* ^0
Spoiaaofisvog Tovg ao^ovg ev
Tip navovpytcL avTiov.

Kat TtaXtv Ki;p(og

this world, let him become
a fool, that he may be wise.
19 For the wisdom of
this world is foolishness
with God : for it is writ-
ten. He taketh the wise in
their own craftiness.

20 And again, The Lord 20

Ver. 17. — 1. If any one, «^3^§f/, dettroy the temple of God. Here the apos-
tle describes tlie sin and punishment, not only of such teachers as from
worldly motives, allure bad men into the church, or continue them in it, by
wilfully perverting the doctrines and precepts of the gospel ; but also of
tliose hypocrites who, for worldly ends, intnide themselves among the faith-
ful, and put on a great shew of godliness. Whereas, in ver. 15. he describes
the sin of those teachers, who introduce bad men into tlie churcli, by igno-
rantly misrepresenting tlie doctrines and precepts of tlie gospel.— The ex-
pression in this verse. If any one destroy the temple of God, being general, is
no doubt applicable to any false teaclier and hypocritical Christian, who
spoils the temple of God. Nevertheless, 1 ag^ree with Locke in thinking,
that the apostle, in this passage, had the false teacher and tlie faction at Co-
rinth mor^ particularly in his eye, who had spoiled the temple of God in the
manner above described.

Ver. 18. — 1. If any one among you, ^oxu, thinketb to be vfUe. So /ejiti is
translated, 1 Cor. viii. 2. The false teaclier at Corinth, tliought himself, it
seems, extremely wise, because he had allured tJie heathens into the church,
by concealing some of the doctrines and precepts of tlie gospel, and by mis-
representing others of them. But that sort of wisdom the apostle severely
condemned, because it stood in opposition to the wisdom of God, who com-
manded all the preachers of the gospel, to teach its doctrines and precepts

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Chap. III.



16 Know ye not, that ye
are the temple of God,
and THAT the Spirit of
God dwelleth (ff, 172.)
among you ?

17 If any one destroy^
the temple of God, him
vfiU God destroy ; for the
temple of God is holy,
which TEMPLE ye are.
(See Eph. U. 19—22.)

18 Let no one deceive
himself: if any one among
you (i6»it fif«i) thinketh^
to be wise (tt r^ atmi rtn-a)
in this age^ let him be-
come a fool, that he may
be wise.

19 For the wisdom of
this {Mo-ftn) world is fool-
ishness with God ;i for it
is written, (Job v. 13.)
He catcheth the wise in
their own craftiness.

20 And again, (Psal.
xciv. 11.) The Lord
knoweth the reasonings of

16 Know ye noty that ye^ of whom
the church is composed, are the
temflle of Godj the building of which
I am speaking ; artd that the Spirit
of God dwelleth among yotij by his
gifts and graces, as in his temple ?

17 If any one^ handling the word
of God deceitfully, allures wicked
men into the church ; or if any hy-
pocrite intrudes himself into it,
whose apostacy destroys the temple
of Godj him will God destroy : for
the tern file of God should consist of holy
fiersonsj which temple ye are, ver. 1 6.

18 Let no teacher decerve himse{f
with false notions of prudence. If
any teacher among you thinketh'to be
wiscj in this age of spreading the
gospel, by misrepresenting its doc-
trines for the purpose of rendering
it acceptable to bad men, let him bC'
come a fool in his own eyes by
preaching the gospel sincerely, that

, he may be really wise.

19 For the prudence qf this worlds
in concealing or misrepresenting
the gospel, is foolishness in the eye qf
God; for it is written, he catcheth the
wise, &c. that is, he maketh the craf-
tiness of those who think themselves
wise,the occasion of their destruction.

20 jind in another passage. The
Lord knoweth the reasonings, the
subtle contrivances, of the wise, that

Ver. 19. — 1 The w»Wom of this world it foolithnest 'with God i conse-
quendy will issty; in punishment to these worldly wise teachers. That this
is the apostle's meaning*, is evident from his adding, For it is toritten, He
catcheth the voite in their own craftinest.

Ver. 20. — 1. That tbcy are vain. The subtle contrivances of men, when
opposed to the methods which God's wisdom hath appointed, are vain ; are
utterly ineffectual for accomplishing what they intend by them. Wherefore
thoso wise teachers, whom the apostle reproved, laboured to no purpose,

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Chap. III.

knoweth the thoughts of ytvcdaxei 'fovg StaXoyiXTiiovg

the wise that they arc ttmf (To^KW, OTi €Un (laroMt.

21 Therefore let no man ^1 'Hg-ff fi>7^et$ xavxo^-

{lory in men: for all things ^ ev av^iOTtOig' Tta/vTa yatf

Moafiogy BvtB §(J97, are 3av(K-

f og jf, O^ov.

are yours :

32 Whether Paul or
ApolioSfOr Cephas, or the
world, or life, or death, or
things present, or things
Id come ; all are yours ;

23 And ye are Christ's ;
and Christ is God's.

when they endeayoored to build the temple of God by methods which God

Ver. 21.— 1. Wbertfan let m one booit in men. Besides the geaenl mean-
aog of this verse^ expressed in 'die oommentary^ 1 think the apostle insinv-
atedy that the Corinthians in particular, bad no reason to boast in the false
teacher, who had spoiled the temple of God by buildii^ wicked men into it

Ver. 22.— 1. Or thingefireeent, or thinge to corhe, all areyoure. The spot-
tie does not mean, as some fanatics baye vainly imagined, that th^ property
ef afl the things in the worid is vested in believers, by an exclusive title ;
but that by the direction of the providence of God, all things prosperous 0t
adverse, whether present or future, shall be made subservient to the promot-
ing of their virtue in the present life, and of their felicity in the life to come.
Thus far they may consider themselves as having an interest in all thtnga ;
and may survey them with pleasure, as making a part of their treasures ;
and among the rest, death itself is theirs, as it is the appointed means of
kringing them to the vision and enjoyment of ood.

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Cnxjf. in.



the wise, &at tbegr wo

3 1 Where forcy let no one
^ootr in men :' fi»r all thingt
»« fours;

9d Whether Paul, or
Apollos, or Cephas^ or the
world} or life, or death, or
things present, or things
to come ; all are jours ; ^

2S AndfeARsClirist's,
and Christ is God's. *

th$y ore vmn^ when used in opposi-
sition to his purposes. ^

21 Wherefore f since we are all
joint ld)Ourers of God, let no one
boaat in meny as if any teacher be-
longed peculiarif txfhxmi Jbr ail the
mimsters of the gospel, and all its
piiyileges, and all the blessings of
providenee, belong equaUy to you all :

32 Whether PoiuLt or 4ftolloa, or
Cefihasy •r the fiibric of the world^or
Ufe with Its enjoyments, or death
with its consequences, or things pre*
senty or thtnga to comeyoU belong to
you in general, and each shall re-
ceive such a share of them, as is
best for him.

3S >^indi instead of being the dis<*
Gtples of this or that teacher, ye are
GhriH*9 disciples, and Christ U God's

Ver. 23.-^1. And CbriH it GcJ^t. As the foregoing expression. Ye are
Chrit^tt means that the Corinthians belonged to Christ as his disciples, this
Expression, Cbrttt it GocPt, I think means, that in maldng the gospel revela-
tion, Christ is GfxPt ducipU or Servant. So Christ himself says, John vn. 16.
Mff doctrine it mt mine, htt hit that tent me.'^nl 28. Jt tny Father hath
taught me, I tpeak thete «frrfijpf.— adi. 49. I hone Mt tpoken tf mytelf, but
the Father nobt tent Mt, he gau me commandment vthat I thould tay^ and
V9hat I tkould tpeak.'^'SJC^, Vb, The wordt that I tpeak unto yeu^ I tpeak
not of myself. ' This I suppose is the apostle's meamng^ likewise, when he
tells us, 1 Cor. xi. 3. 7b€ headofChritt it Gocf.— Others understand the pas*
sage thus, AH things are appointed for your good, and ye ate appointed for
Christfs honour, ihd Christ for Ood*s glory.


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58 View. 1 CORINTHIANS. Chaf. IV.


View $nd Illustration of tlie Matters hiuidled in this Chapter.

IjesT} from what was said in the preceding chapters^ concern-
ing the inspiration of the apostles by the Spirit, the Corinthians
might have imagined that Paul claimed to himself and to his
brethren, an authority not derired from Christ, he began this
chapter with telling them, that ^ey^ were to consider the apostles
only as servants of Chrbt, and as stewards of the m3rsteries of
God, ver. 1.— And, that the thing required of every such stew-
ard is, that he be faithful in dbpensing these mysteries accord<r
ing as his disciples are able to receive them, ver. 3.-*^There-f
lore, although the false teacher accused Paul of unfaithfulness,
because he had taught the Corinthians the first principles only,
and not the deep doctrines of the gospel, he told them, it was
a very small matter in his eyes, to be condemned as unfiedthful
by them, or by any man's judgment, seeing he did not condemn
himself, ver. 3.— nPor he was conscious to himself of no unfoith*
fulness i yet by this he was not justified ; he meant in the eyea
of the faction, who could not see his heart. At the same time
he told them, that the />nly person who had a right to condemn
him if he proved unfaithful, was the Lord his master, ver. 4. — .
This being the case, he desired the faction not to condemn him,
till the Lord should come to judgment, who will bring to light
every thing most secret, and lay open the designs of the heartp
of which they were no judges, ver. 5.

Online LibraryJames MacknightA new literal translation from the original Greek, of all the apostolical epistles [microform] : with a commentary and notes, philological, critical, explanatory, and practical : to which is added, a history of the life of the Apostle Paul → online text (page 6 of 50)